موضوع مورد نظر خود را در موتور جستجوی قدرتمند ویرا جستجو کنید
تعداد اعضا ویراساینس
ویراساینس به وسعت تمامی دانشگاه های ایران
الهام بخش هزاران نفر باش
Effect of Froude number on bubble clustering in a hydraulic jump
Abstract:The study of bubble clustering processes may provide a significant insight into turbulent air–water flows. Previous studies investigated these processes in plunging jets, dropshafts and hydraulic jumps. This research investigates the bubble clustering process in hydraulic jumps using experimental data collected in a rectangular horizontal flume with partially developed inflow conditions for inflow Froude numbers in the range 6.5–14.3. Two criteria for cluster identification were applied: one criterion was based upon a comparison of the local instantaneous water chord time with the median water chord time, whereas the second identified a cluster if the water chord time was smaller than the air chord time of the preceding bubble, i.e. a bubble was in the near-wake of the leading bubble. The results highlight significant patterns in clusters production both over the flow depth and the distance from the jump toe. The effect of the inflow flow Froude number on the clustering process is also discussed. © 2010 International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Researc
- Authors :
- Publish :
- Keywords :
A hydraulic jump is characterized by strong energy dissipation and mixing, large-scale turbulence, air entrainment, waves and spray. Despite recent pertinent studies, the interaction between air bubbles diffusion and momentum transfer is not completely understood. The objective of this paper is to present experimental results from new measurements performed in rectangular horizontal flume with ...
In an open channel, the transition from super- to sub-critical flow is a flow singularity (the hydraulic jump) characterised by a sharp rise in free-surface elevation, strong turbulence and air entrainment in the roller. A key feature of the hydraulic jump flow is the strong free-surface aeration and air-water flow turbulence. In the present study, similar experiments were conducted with identi...
This is a fluid dynamics video of two- and three-dimensional computational fluid dynamics simulations carried out at St. Anthony Falls Laboratory. A transient hydraulic jump is simulated using OpenFOAM, an open source numerical solver. A Volume of Fluid numerical method is employed with a realizable k-epsilon turbulence model. The goal of this research is to model the void fraction and bubble s...
A hydraulic jump is characterised by strong energy dissipation and air entrainment. In the present study, new air-water flow measurements were performed in hydraulic jumps with partially-developed flow conditions in relatively large-size facilities with phase-detection probes. The experiments were conducted with identical Froude numbers, but a range of Reynolds numbers and relative channel widt...