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Psychological Intervention and Pain Severity Among a Sample of Iranian Nurses Suffering From Chronic Low Back Pain: a Randomized Clinical Trial
   مقاله    International Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention  2016  0
Maryam Alighias - Msc Graduated, Department of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, TarbiatModares University, Tehran, Iran.
Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian - Department of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, TarbiatModares University, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Chronic Low back pain (CLBP) is one of the most prevalent health problems which is affected by psychological disorders.The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of psychological intervention on chronic low back pain among a sample of Iranian nurses.   Methods and Material: This is a randomized clinical trial. The participants of this study consisted of 84 nurses suffering from chronic back pain and working in Valiasr hospital, Tehran-Iran.The recru­ited nurses were randomly assigned to inter­vention and control groups (42 nurses in each group). The demographic questionnaire and Visual Analog Ass­essment scales (VAS) and a Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS) were used to collect data at the beginning of the study and 3 months following completion of the inter­vention....

Chronic Low Back Pain and Disability among Nurses: A Cross Sectional Study from Bam, Iran
   مقاله    International Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention  2016  0
Solaimanizadeh Laleh - PhD candidate of Health education and health promotion.Department of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
Mojtaba jafar - PhD candidate of Nursing Rehabilitation and Welfare science university, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Although CLBP rarely threatens the humans’ lives, those individuals suffering from such pain experience a variety of health-related problems and difficulties such as physical disability. This study aimed to determine the relationship between low back pain and physical disability among nurses working in Pastor Hospital of Bam, Kerman, Iran.   Methods and Material: This cross sectional study was conducted among nurses and paramedics who suffering from chronic back pain and working in pastor hospital in Agu, 2015. Through randomly sampling, 120 eligible individuals were recruited of which 104 individuals were satisfied to enter to the study. The standard tools of Owsestry for physical disability status and Visual Analoug Scale (Vas) for measurements of pain intensity as well as...

Socio- Demographic Characteristics and Quality of Life of Nurses suffering from Chronic Non-speciphic Low Back Pain
   مقاله    International Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention  جلد ۱، شماره ۴، صفحات ۱۴۳-۱۴۷
Marjan Ghassemi
MSc of Health education, Faculty of Medical Sciences,Tarbiat Modares University,Tehran Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian

Background: Sociodemographic characteristics of nurses who work in hospitals may impact on their quality of life. This study aimed to assess the relationship between quality of life of nursing staff with chronic nonspecific low back and their sociodemographic characteristics.   Materials and Methods: This study was a cross section study. A total of 119 nurses were participated in this study. The 36-item short-form health survey questionnaire (SF-36) was used to assess Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) of the participants. SPSS software version18 was applied to analyze data by appropriate statistical tests.   Results: Totally 119 nurses including 93 female (78.1%) were participated in the study. The study showed that there was a significant relationship between age and physical func...

Low Back Pain, Disability and Related Risk Factors among a sample of Women in Tehran, Iran
   مقاله    International Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention  جلد ۱، شماره ۳، صفحات ۱۱۷-۱۲۲
Fatemeh Mirsalimi
Department of Health Education & Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Iran University, Tehran, Iran.

Background: low back pain is a common health problem that has many consequences, including disability and absence from work.This study aimed to determine the prevalence of Low Back Pain among women referred to Quds clinic in Tehran, Iran.  Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on women referred to Quds clinic, in East of Tehran. A total of 100 patients were studied over a period of one month. Two questionnaires were used for this study. The first one contains general information such as age, height, weight, Body Mass Index, education level, smoking and physical activity . Also the participants were asked whether over the past two weeks had LBP or not and if yes their pain severity was measured through Visual Analogue Scale (VAS). The second questionnaire was Rol...

Musculoskeletal Disorders in Dentists
   مقاله    International Journal of Occupational Hygiene  جلد ۴، شماره ۱، صفحات ۳۶-۴۰

MARYAM RABIEI Department of Oral Medicine, Dental School, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

  Musculoskeletal disorders commonly experienced by dental professionals can affect their health and well-being. The main aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among dentists in Iran. A cross sectional study was carried out in Rasht, northern Iran. Participants were dental workers who completed structured questionnaire on the topic of musculoskeletal disorders related to their job. The first part of the questionnaire was self-administered regarding their demographic information and job satisfaction. The second part was the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) for determining the site of pain, if any. The severity of pain was assessed by using Visual Analog Scale (VAS). The third section was RULA questionnaire (Rapid Upper Limb disorder Asse...

Quality of Life of Nurses Working in Hospital: A Cross Sectional Study from Yazd, Iran.
   مقاله    International Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention  جلد ۱، شماره ۳، صفحات ۱۲۳-۱۲۹
Marjan Ghassemi
MSc of Health education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian

Background: and Purpose: Back injury in nurses is one of the most common healthcare problems. The chronic low back pain leads to several problems including varying degrees of disability, impact on activities of daily life, physical and emotional problems, and serious impact on the quality of life. The purpose of this study was to assess the quality of life of nursing staff with chronic nonspecific low back pain working in hospitals in Yazd. Materials and Methods: This study was a descriptive-analytic study. A total of 119 nurses were selected with nonrandom purposive sampling method. Health-related quality of life of the participants was assessed using the 36-item short-form health survey questionnaire (SF-36) and analyzed through SPSS software version 20  by appropriate statistical tes...

A Comparison of Automatic and Voluntary Contractions in subjects with and without Low Back Pain
   مقاله    International Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention  جلد ۱، شماره ۳، صفحات ۱۳۱-۱۳۶
Sedighe Kahrizi
Department of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. Fatemeh Mirzae

Background: The comparison between Voluntary and automatic contraction of deep abdominal muscles in patients with Nonspecific Low Back Pain (nLBP) may justify being the best treat for them. The aim of this case-controlled study was to compare changes in the thickness of the Transverses Abdomin is (TrA) and Internal Oblique (IO) muscles during the Abdominal Drawing-In Maneuver (ADIM) and the Active Straight-Leg Raise (ASLR) test. Methods: This study involved 30 women including 20 women with and 10 women without non-specific low back pain. The abdominal muscle thickness in the supine crook-lying, ASLR, and ADIM exercises were measured. Two-way repeated-measures ANOVA was used to compare the thickness ratio results between the two groups. Results: There were significant differences between...

Pain Intensity and Disability among Governmental Employees and Sellers Suffering from Chronic Low Back Pain
   مقاله    International Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention  جلد ۱، شماره ۲، صفحات ۷۵-۷۹
Azam Goodarzi
Department of Health of Education’s Ministry, Tehran- Iran Aliakbar Torabi

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of disability and pain intensity among two groups of governmental employees and sellers who suffering from chronic low back pain.  Material and Methods: This descriptive – analytic study was performed from Dec 2015to Mar 2016among employed staff members of education ministry (N=50) and 40 sellers with chronic low back pain who were selected through non-random sampling method. The research tool was Oswetry inventory to inspect the pain intensity and level of disability of the participants. Statistical descriptive/analytic method was used to analyze data through SPSS V16.  Results: Totally, 90 participants included 50 employees with an average age of 45.14 ± .85 years and 40 sellers with an average age of 45.42 ± 0.98 years took ...

Low Back Pain and Related Disability among Students of Islamic Azad University, Tehran Iran
   مقاله    International Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention  جلد ۱، شماره ۱، صفحات ۱۷-۲۱
Rahman panahi
Public Health Department, Yazd University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran Behnam muhamadi

Background: Low back pain is the most common cause of disability and absence from work among young and middle-aged people. As there is limited knowledge regarding this problem among Iranian students, this study aimed to determine the preva­lence of low back pain and its ‘related socio­demo­graphic factors among students of Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.    Material and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study in which 200 students of Islamic Azad University were selected purposively. Demographic questionnaire and Ronald-Morris Disability Scale were used to collect data regarding characteristics and disability caused by back pain. Data were entered SPSS 16 and analyzed through descriptive and analytic statistics.   Results: In total, 190 students including78 (41%) men and 112 (59...