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Examining Exercise Behavior Beliefs of Pregnant Women's in Second and Third Trimester: Using Health Belief Model
   مقاله    International Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention  جلد ۱، شماره ۲، صفحات ۶۹-۷۴
Maryam Moridi
Department of Midwifery Nursing and Midwifery Faculty, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Background: Although the need for theory-based designs, evidencesexploringexercisingeffects during pregnancy is limited by non-theoretical and cross-sectional assessments. This study aimed to prospect­ively examine women’s exercise behavior from their second to third pregnancy trimester using the Health Belief Model (HBM).   Material and Methods: This was a randomized controlled trial in which 100 pregnant women (50 individuals in each group of control or intervention) with gestation age of 20 weeks or more were examined. Just the intervention gr­oup participated ineight40-minuteexercise classeswith15-day interval between each class. The control group received only routine prenatal care. The researcher- made questionnaires for general demographic characteristics, and variables of Health...

Body Weight or Body Mass Index: Which is More Appropriate Test to Detect Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women?
   مقاله    International Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention  2016  0
Samaneh Rahimipetroudia - MSc Student, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
Saeideh Ziaei - MD, Professor of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.

Background: Low back pain is the most common cause of disability and absence from work among young and middle-aged people. As there is limited knowledge regarding this problem among Iranian students, this study aimed to determine the prev­alence of low back pain and its ‘related socio­demographic factors among students of Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.    Materials and Methods: Two hundred postm­enopausal women (age between 51 and 69 years) who had presented to the nuclear medicine center at Shariati Hospital in Tehran, Iran between April 2012 and August 2013 were included in this cross sectional study. Of these 46 healthy women who met the study criteria constituted for evaluation. After recording weight and height of individuals, Body Mass Index (BMI) (kg/m2) was calculated ...

Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Primary School Students in Abadan-Iran in 2014
   مقاله    International Journal of Pediatrics  جلد ۴، شماره ۱، صفحات ۱۲۱۵-۱۲۲۳

Yadollah Zakeri Nursing care Research Center in Chronic Diseases, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran

Background If skeletal system does not have a correct form in childhood, certainly person will face many problems in the later stages of life. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of skeletal disorders in primary school students in Abadan, 2015. Materials and Methods  This cross-sectional study was conducted on 383 primary school students in Abadan, Iran, which were selected by cluster sampling method. Data was collected by checkerboard and a demographic questionnaire. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS software version 22 with descriptive methods and Chi-square test. Results The most common skeletal disorder in female and male students was drooping shoulders (81.7%) and scoliosis (85.4%). The overall prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was significantly related to...

Multidisciplinary Lifestyle Behavioral Management in Patients with Knee Osteoarthritis: a Randomized Controlled Study from Iran.
   مقاله    International Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention  جلد ۱، شماره ۲، صفحات ۴۷-۵۴
Sedigheh Sadat Tavafian
Department of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. Ahmad Reza Jamshidi

Background: This study aimed to assess lifestyle behavioral management in patients with Knee osteoarthritis among Iranian patients up to 6 months. Settings and Design.   Methods and Material: In this educational controlled trial study, 130 eligible participants took part in control group (n = 66) and received just prescribed medications, or intervention group (n=64) who received the lifestyle behavioral management plus medication. The program invol­ved three two-hour and two one – hour group sessions over a one- week period. Data based on demographic characteristics and risky behaviors questionnaire as well as Functional Knee Assess­ment Test (FKAT) were collected at initial, 3-, and 6 - month follow ups and analyzed by using SPSS 18.   Results: Of 130 participants, five individuals fro...

The Prevalence of Low Back Pain among Nurses in Yazd, Southeast Iran
   مقاله    International Journal of Occupational Hygiene  جلد ۵، شماره ۱، صفحات ۱۹-۲۱

ABOLFAZL BARKHORDARI Department of Occupational Health, School of Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are of serious concern to many organizations, including health care centres. Low back pain (LBP) with no clinical cause is common in nurses. This study aimed to assess the prevalence rate of LBP in nurses. This descriptive, cross-sectional study was carried out on a population of 351 nurses from educational hospitals of Yazd University of Medical Sciences; Yazd, Iran aged 20-45 years. Information on these potential risk factors for LBP was sought using a translated Nordic questionnaire. Two hundred sixty respondents (74.3%) reported experiencing pain at least in one of their nine body regions during last year. The highest prevalence of LBP was seen among nurses in orthopaedic surgery (80.6%), operation room (79.2%), neurology (75.3%) and general surgery...

Assessment of work postures and prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders among porcelain industry workers
   مقاله    Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology  جلد ۴، شماره ۳، صفحات ۱۴۶-۱۵۳

A Ahmadi rasht

Introduction: Today, the prevention of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) is considered as a vital issue and one of the highest national priorities. This study was conducted with the aim of evaluating occupational postures and the prevalence of MSDs among porcelain industry workers of the city of Rasht, Iran. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done in 2015 on 66 workers, active in different factory units and chosen through stratified random sampling. To determine the frequency of MSDs symptoms in different body parts of the workers, the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) and Job Content Questionnaire (JCQ) were used. To evaluate the risk of MSDs, the Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) method was utilized. Descriptive statistics, chi-square test, in...

Persistent of neck / shoulder pain among computer office workers with specific attention to pain expectation, somatization tendency and beliefs
   مقاله    International Journal of Preventive Medicine  جلد ۵، شماره ۹، صفحات ۱۱۷۰-۰

Farideh Sadeghian

Background: Neck and shoulder pains are the prevalent complaints among computer office workers. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship of somatization tendency, expectation of pain, mental health and beliefs about causation of pain with persistence of neck/shoulder pains among computer office workers. Methods: This research is a kind of prospective cohort study with 1‑year follow‑up. It has done among all eligible computer office workers of Shahroud universities ( n = 182) in 2008-2009 and 1‑year later. Data were collected using the Cultural and Psychosocial Influences on Disability questionnaire. Statistical Analysis: Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the data through SPSS ( P < 0.05). Results: At the baseline 100 (54...

A Model of Bus Drivers’ Diseases: Risk Factors and Bus Accidents
   مقاله    Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences  جلد ۲۷، شماره ۱، صفحات ۳۹-۰

G.H. Sadri

Bus accident is a major health problem for bus drivers.  To identify the risk factors involved in bus accidents and to design a model showing the relation between the risk factors and bus driver’s health status, 219 bus drivers who worked for travel agencies in two areas of west and central Iran were enrolled into this study.  We used a questionnaire to gather information regarding both the bus drivers’ health status and bus accident. The most prevalent health problems among bus drivers were musculoskeletal disorders, ulcer, hyperacidity, obesity, hypertension and diabetes.  There was a significant (p<0.05) correlation between the chance of bus accidents and occurrence of low back pain, leg pain, neck pain, hypertension and migraine.  Based on the results of this study we suggest a mode...

Ergonomic Evaluation of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Construction Workers Using Posture, Activity, Tools, Handling (PATH) Method
   مقاله    International Journal of Occupational Hygiene  جلد ۸، شماره ۲، صفحات ۱۱۰-۱۱۵

MOHAMMAD HOSSEIN BEHESHTI Department of Occupational Health, Faculty of Health, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran

Introduction: Musculoskeletal disorders are the major causes of occupational diseases in the work places and they are the most important cause of disability and absenteeism. For the prevention of these disorders and improvement of working, it is necessary to use ergonomics assessment techniques. This study aimed to assess ergonomic risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders in construction workers in Gonabad, Iran, using Postur, Activity, Tools, Handling (PATH) method. Materials and Methods: This was a descriptive– analytical study conducted on 72 construction workers in three groups of jobs including brickwork, joinery and foundation in Gonabad, Iran. Sampling was done randomly.  Workplace ergonomic assessment was conducted using PATH method and data analysis was performed by SPSS ...