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A Health Promotion Program Based on the Health Belief Model Regarding Women’s Osteoporosis
   مقاله    International Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention  2016  0
Ali khaniJeihooni - Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health ,Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa,Iran.
Alireza Hidarnia - Professor, Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, TarbiatModares University, Tehran, Iran.

Background:Osteoporosis is one of the most common metabolic bone diseases. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of a walking education program based on the health belief model (HBM) on osteoporosis among women.   Methods and Material In this quasi-experimental research design, 120 patients (60 experimental and 60 control),who were registered with the health centers in Fasa City, Fars Province, Iran,participated in the study conducted in 2014. A questionnaire consisting of demographic information andHBM constructs was used to measure walking performance for the prevention of osteoporosis pre-intervention, imme­diately after their intervention, and then six months later. Bone mineral density (BMD) was recorded at the lumbar spine and femur prior to and six months post-in...

High Ergonomic Risk of Computer Work Postures Among Iranian Hospital Staff: Evidence From a Cross-Sectional Study
   مقاله    International Journal of Hospital Research  جلد ۵، شماره ۱، صفحات ۲۹-۳۴
Mohammad Khandan
Occupational Health Department, Health Faculty, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran Zahra Arab

Background and objectives: Non-ergonomic computer work has emerged as a significant cause of musculoskeletal disorders among employees of health care organizations.  Given the negative impact of such disorders on quality of work life, safety, and performance of hospital staff, there is a need to evaluate the exposure of this staff to the ergonomic risks associated with the computer-based jobs.   Methods: A sample of 150 computer user employees from two hospitals in Qom (Central Iran) was surveyed. Musculoskeletal disorder data was collected by standardized Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ). The postural states of the participants were assessed using Novel Ergonomic Postural Assessment Method (NERPA) and Rapid Office Strain Assessment (ROSA). Data were summarized by descriptiv...

Musculoskeletal Load Assessment in Hospital Nurses with Patient Transfer Activity
   مقاله    International Journal of Occupational Hygiene  جلد ۵، شماره ۲، صفحات ۳۹-۴۵

ROGHAYEH ABEDINI Department of Occupational Health, School of Health and Nutrition, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

  Manual patient handling is known to be the major source of musculoskeletal load among hospital nurses. The objectives of the present study were determination of frequency of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and its associated factors together with assessment of musculoskeletal load due to patient transfer by PTAI method in hospital nursing staff of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences (SUMS), Iran. In this crosssectional study, 400 randomly selected nurses of SUMS hospital participated. Data were collected by anonymous demographic and Nordic Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaires together with PTAI index checklist. Statistical analyses were undertaken using SPSS, version 16. Age and job tenure means of participants were 30.76±6.44 and 6.92±5.75 years, respectively. 88.2% of the nur...

Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders among Paramedics Working in a Large Hospital in Ahwaz, Southwestern Iran in 2010
   مقاله    International Journal of Occupational and Environment Medicine  جلد ۲، شماره ۳ July، صفحات ۰-۰

KR Shafizadeh School of Geography, Earth and Environmental Science, University of Birmingham

Background: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are common among employees throughout the world, particularly in high risk groups such as nurses. Objective: To determine the prevalence of MSDs among nurses in a large hospital in Ahwaz, southwestern Iran, and to examine its correlation with gender, age, shift working, years at service and smoking. Methods: Using a self-reported questionnaire-based cross-sectional study, Nordic questionnaire for MSDs was disseminated to all inpatient hospital paramedics (n=195) in a large hospital in Ahwaz. Results: Questionnaires of 161 participants were completed and returned back for analysis (response rate of 83%). The reported prevalence of MSDs was very high in the studied paramedics so that more than 90% of them reported at least one MSD in ...

Evaluation of Risk Factors Influencing Low Back Pain in Patient Transfer Tasks
   مقاله    International Journal of Occupational Hygiene  جلد ۷، شماره ۲، صفحات ۷۶-۸۲

SEYEDEHSAN SAMAEI Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Public Health, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran.

Low Back pain (LBP) is the most common type of musculoskeletal disorder (MSDs) in transfer tasks such as nursing personnel. Financial and economic costs expended for these disorders affect not only the individual, but the organization and society as well. The aim of this study was to evaluate associated factors in the incidence of LBP among nursing personnel according to risk assessment methods related to the patient's transfer. The present analytical study was conducted on 243 nurses in Kerman, Iran in 2014. The instruments for gathering data were Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ), MAPO and PTAI checklists. The data was analysed using SPSS.16 software. The prevalence of LBP among nursing personnel was 69.55%. Based on MAPO index, 48.2% of wards had moderate level of risk. In a...

Comparing the Effects of Simultaneous Eight-Week Stretching / Strengthening Trainings with Core Stability Exercises on the Flat Foot Deformity of 9- to13- Year -Old Female Students
   مقاله    International Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention  جلد ۱، شماره ۴، صفحات ۱۴۹-۱۵۶
Rahele Khamooshi
Bachelor of Physical Education Physical Education Instructor, Khalil Abad. Samaneh Mohammadi Mohammadieh

Background: This study aimed to compare the effects of simultaneous eight-week stretching and strengthening trainings and exercises with core stability exercises on the flat foot deformity of female students with the age ranges from 9 to 13 years.   Methods and Materials: In the present Quasi-experimental study on 130 female students, 60 girls with flat feet and the age ranges from 9 to 13,were selected randomly and divided into two experimental groups (n = 20 in each group) and one control group (n = 20). The samples were selected using Navi loss, and then Staheliarch index was evaluated. The experimental groups received the treatment(one group received stretching and strengthening exercises and the other group received core stability exercises for 45 minutes, three times a week) for 8...

A Health Promotion Program based on the Health Belief Model regarding Women’s Osteoporosis
   مقاله    International Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention  جلد ۱، شماره ۱، صفحات ۷-۱۶
Ali khaniJeihooni
Department of Public Health, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran. Alireza Hidarnia

Background: Osteoporosis is one of the most common metabolic bone diseases. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of a walking education program based on the health belief model (HBM) on osteoporosis among women.   Material and Methods In this quasi-experimental research design, 120 patients (60 experimental and 60 control),who were registered with the health centers in Fasa City of Fars Province, Iran, participated in the study in 2014. A questionnaire consisting of demographic information and HBM constructs was used at pre-intervention, imme­diately after their intervention, and then six months later. Bone mineral density (BMD) was recorded at the lumbar spine and femur prior to and six months post-intervention. Data were analyzed using SPSS19' through 'chi-...

Job Stress and its Relationship with the Musculoskeletal Disorders among Office Workers of Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Iran
   مقاله    Iranian Journal of Health Sciences  جلد ۴، شماره ۱، صفحات ۱۰-۱۹

Hossein Ansari Health Promotion Research Center, Dept. of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran

Background and Purpose: Job stress is an important psychological factor. Musculoskeletal disorders are among the most common causes of disability in industrialized and developing countries. Therefore, this study aimed to assess job stress and its relationship with the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in office workers of Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Iran. Materials and Methods: A total of 234 office workers from Zahedan University of Medical Sciences were selected by census sampling. Data were collected using the Health and Safety Executive’s Management Standards Indicator Tool and the Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire. Pearson’s correlation coefficients, independent t-test, analysis of variance, and chi-square tests were performed to analyze the...

A Rare Osteoarticular Brucellosis in Gonabad City, Iran: A Case Report
   مقاله    Razavi International Journal of Medicine  جلد ۳، شماره ۲، صفحات ۰-۰

Hamed Ramezani Awal Riabi Department of Basic Sciences, School of Public Health, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, IR Iran

Conclusions Prominent musculoskeletal complaints (especially back pain) accompanied by constitutional symptoms such as fever, malaise and weight loss may be consistent with brucellosis. Introduction Species of bacteria brucellosis, which can infect humans, are Brucella abortus, B melitensis, B. suis and rarely B. canis. Case Presentation A 71-year-old woman with severe pain in the limbs, especially the left pelvic pain was admitted to 22-Bahman hospital in Gonabad, Iran. The patient’s Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR) was 100 and C-reactive protein (CRP) had positive finding. Urea-creatinine, liver enzymes, U/A and U/C had normal results. A signal change in the soft tissue adjacent to the posterior surface of the vertebral body L4-L5 was observed. According to Wright and 2 Mercaptoe...