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Intrarater Reliability of Pain Intensity, Tissue Blood Flow, Thermal Pain Threshold, Pressure Pain Threshold and Lumbo-Pelvic Stability Tests in Subjects with Low Back Pain
   مقاله    Asian Journal of Sports Medicine  جلد ۳، شماره ۱، صفحات ۸-۱۴

Aatit Paungmali Neuro-Musculoskeletal and Pain Research Unit, Department of Physical Therapy, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand; Neuro-Musculoskeletal and Pain Research Unit, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand 50200.

Purpose This preliminary study aimed to determine the intrarater reliability of the quantitative tests for the study of non-specific low back pain. Methods Test-retest reliability of the measurements of ratio data was determined by an intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), standard error of measurements (SEMs), coefficient of variation (CV), and one-way repeated measures ANOVA using the values collected from 13 young individuals (25.8 ± 6.2 years) with chronic non-specific low back pain on two occasions separated by 2 days. Percent agreement of the ordinal data was also determined by Cohen's Kappa statistics (kappa). The measures consisted of tissue blood flow (BF), average pain visual analog scales (VAS), pressure pain threshold (PPT), cold pain threshold (CPT), heat pain threshold...

Body weight is a Better Predictor of Bone Mineral Density than Body Mass Index in Postmenopausal Women
   مقاله    International Journal of Musculoskeletal Pain Prevention  جلد ۱، شماره ۱، صفحات ۴۱-۴۵
Samaneh Rahimipetroudia
MSc Student, Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. Saeideh Ziaei

Background: we aimed to evaluate the effect of body weight and Body Mass Index (BMI) on Bone Mineral Density (BMD) in healthy postmenopausal Iranian women.    Material and Methods: Two hundred postm­enopausal women (age between 51 and 69 years) who had presented to the nuclear medicine center at Shariati Hospital in Tehran, Iran between April 2012 and August 2013 were included in this cross sectional study. Of these 46 healthy women who met the study criteria constituted for evaluation. After recording weight and height of individuals, Body Mass Index (BMI) (kg/m2) was calculated as weight (kg) divided by height square (m2). Bone Mineral Density (BMD) in Femoral Neck (FN) and lumbar spine sites (L1-L4) were mea­sured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA).   Results: We observed sta...

The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and analyzing the ergonomic status of workers involved manually carrying goods in the dairy industry
   مقاله    تحقیقات نظام سلامت  جلد ۶، شماره ۴، صفحات ۰-۰
احسان اله حبيبي
دانشيار، گروه بهداشت حرفه‌اي، دانشکده بهداشت، دانشگاه علوم پزشکي اصفهان، اصفهان، ايران. سيف اله غريب

Background: Today, the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders is one of the health issues of concern in any society. One of the main causes of musculoskeletal disorders and conditions can be named unpleasant working conditions. The aim of this study was to report the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders including working postures and lifting-related musculoskeletal disorders among workers of distributing dairy products in Isfahan. Methods: The working posture of dairy products workers (n=50) were observed and recorded in 2009. The Nordic questionnaire was used to estimate the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders. The Ovako Working Posture Analysis System (OWAS) and SPSS software were used to data analyses. Findings: Results showed the prevalence of working postures that ...

PREVALENCE OF THE MUSCULOSKELETAL PAINS IN RELATION TO AGE, SEX AND RESIDENTIAL AREA IN THE PROVINCE OF ISPHAHAN
   مقاله    Iranian Journal of Public Health  جلد ۱۴، شماره ۱-۴، صفحات ۶۳-۷۶

A.Sing

To determine the prevalence of the musculoskeletal pain and its distribution by age, sex, and residential area in the province of Isphahan. A sample consisting of 3753 urban and 2917 rural inhabtants were examined by a qualified medical team. Our results indicate that the prevalence of the complaints for musculoskeletal pain increases with age to reach a maximum of 50% in those sixty years of age and more. In relation to sex and residential area, the overall prevalence rate was found to be higher in women by a factor of one and a half, and to be 1.7 times more prevalent among rural inhabitants when compared with the city dwellers.

Morbidity Profile of Child Labor at Gem Polishing Units of Jaipur, India
   مقاله    International Journal of Occupational and Environment Medicine  جلد ۵، شماره ۳ July، صفحات ۴۱۹-۱۲۵

RR Tiwari National Institute of Occupational Health, Meghani Nagar, Ahmedabad, India

Background: There are millions of working children worldwide. Several causes are suggested for this social evil of which poverty plays a significant role in whether a child will work. Objective: To determine the morbidity profile in the working children of gem polishing units of Jaipur, India and assess some of its associated socio-economic factors. Methods: The present cross-sectional study included 586 gem polishing working children. Using interview, the demographic characteristics, occupational and clinical history of participants were recorded. The reason for taking up the job, income from the job and their desire to attend the school were also asked to assess the social causes of child labor in this region. Results: The mean±SD age of the working children was 11.3±5.3 yea...

Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever
   مقاله    International Journal of Infection  جلد ۲، شماره ۱، صفحات ۰-۰

Maryam Keshtkar Jahromi Department of Infectious Diseases, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, Pennsylvania, USA

Context Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) is amongst severe and fatal viral hemorrhagic fevers. In February 2014, a strain of the Ebola virus appeared in Guinea and then in Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Mali. The aim of this study was to review the literature on EHF and discuss its routes of transmission and prevention. Evidence Acquisition We searched medical databases (PubMed, Scopus) from July 1970 to July 2014. The key words for the literature search were as follows; Ebola hemorrhagic fever, epidemiology, transmission routes, clinical manifestation, treatment and prophylaxis. Results On the basis of the literature search, the researchers believe that bats are the most likely reservoir. Four of five subspecies of Ebola virus have caused disease in humans. Manifestation of Ebola begins abru...

Ergonomic intervention, workplace exercises and musculoskeletal complaints:a comparative study
   مقاله    Medical Journal of Islamic Republic of Iran  جلد ۲۸، شماره ۱، صفحات ۴۲۳-۴۳۰

Amir Houshang Mehrparvar Department of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Diseases Research Center, ShahidSadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.سازمان اصلی تایید شده: دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شهید صدوقی یزد (Shahid sadooghi university of medical sciences)سازمان های دیگر: ndustrial Diseases Research Center

  Background :Musculoskeletal disorders are among the most prevalent occupational disorders in different jobs such as office work. Some interventions such as ergonomic modifications and workplace exercises are introduced as the methods for alleviating these disorders. In this study we compared the effect of ergonomic modifications and workplace exercises on musculoskeletal pain and discomfort in a group of office workers.   Methods : In an interventional study on office workers, the effect of two interventions was compared. Ergonomic modification consisted of correcting the arrangement of workstation and changing some equipment workplace exercises included stretching exercises focusing on neck, shoulders, low back, and hand and wrist. Musculoskeletal complaints were assessed and compare...

Occupational health and musculoskeletal symptoms among Indian Medical Laboratory technicians
   مقاله    Journal of Occupational Health and Epidemiology  جلد ۲، شماره ۳، صفحات ۸۲-۹۲

Sh Maulik ERGONOMICS LABORATORY, OCA BUILDING, 3RD FLOOR,NITIE, VIHAR LAKE ROAD, POWAI, MUMBAI 400087. INDIA

  Background: Musculoskeletal diseases are quite common among healthcare professionals including medical laboratory technicians. This cross-sectional study aimed to identify the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and ergonomic risk factors in Indian medical laboratory technicians.   Materials and Methods: The study sample comprised of 130 male and female laboratory technicians from the Indian healthcare industry. Samples were selected based on convenient random sampling. Data was collected using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (NMQ) and Quick Exposure Checklist (QEC) to evaluate the ergonomic risk factors present in Indian medical laboratories. Statistical tools applied in the present study include frequencies, percentage, mean and standard deviations, independent t-test, a...

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Low Back Pain among Office Workers in Lebanon
   مقاله    International Journal of Occupational Hygiene  جلد ۷، شماره ۱، صفحات ۴۵-۵۲

WAFA BAWAB Laboratory of Epidemiological and Clinical Research, Lebanese University, Hadath, Lebanon.

Low back pain (LBP) is a widespread musculoskeletal disorder worldwide. It causes disability that influence work performance in individuals. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors of LBP in the middle-aged office workers in the Lebanese Population. In this observational, cross-sectional study performed in 2013, overall, 250 office workers aged between 20 and 64 years from different Lebanese companies and banks filled out a questionnaire containing various predictor individual and occupational factors. Our results show that 112 (44.8%) of the recruited population suffer from back pain. Females are the most affected (68%) versus males (32%) (P=0.023). The logistic regression showed that LBP was positively associated with backbone crookedness (P=0.003), knee ...