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"Evaluation of Risk Factors Causing Musculoskeletal Disorders Using QEC Method in a Furniture Producing Unite"
   مقاله    Iranian Journal of Public Health  جلد ۳۳، شماره ۲، صفحات ۲۴-۲۷

M Mirmohamadi

The musculoskeletal disorders cover a large percent of occupational diseases; therefore, in order to protect workers from such disorders, there is a need to evaluate workers positions at work in different industries. In a major furniture manufacture located in Tehran, 500 workers were examined. These workers were divided into fourteen working groups, including production lines of water-heater, air condition, electromotor production line, dunnage making hall, plastic hall, smithery, restaurant, store, engineers and supervisors, facilities, transportation, assembly of absorptive refrigerator and drivers. The results from Nordic Questionnaire and performing the evaluation method showed that, there was a significant relevance between outbreak of back pain and workgroups (P=0.005) and betwee...

Risk Assessment of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Determination of the Associated Factors among Workers of a Dairy Products Factory
   مقاله    Journal of Health Sciences and Surveillance System  جلد ۲، شماره ۴، صفحات ۱۳۴-۰

zahra zamanian Department of Occupational Health, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran;

Background: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are one of the most common causes of occupational injuries that appear in the lower back, neck and upper and lower extremities mainly. This study was conducted to assess the risk of MSDs and determine of its associated factors in workers of a dairy products company. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, 100 male employees (21-41yrs) using census sampling method participated. Data were collected using demographic questionnaire, Nordic musculoskeletal disorders questionnaire (NMQ) and QEC method for assessment of postures during the work. Data were analyzed using statistical tests including test of proportion, multiple logistic regression, and Fisher’s Exact by SPSS software (Version 16.0). Results: The results of this study showed tha...

Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Associated Lost Work Days in Steel Making Industry
   مقاله    Iranian Journal of Public Health  جلد ۳۷، شماره ۱، صفحات ۸۳-۹۱

E Habibi

Background: The study aims at clarifying prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) among steel mak­ing workers and employees as well as associated lost work days. Methods: A detailed questionnaire based on Nordic ergonomic questionnaire describing work history, ergonomic condi­tions at work, sign and symptoms of musculoskeletal system with in previous12 months was applied to the investigation among1030 male workers and employees in a steel making plant in Isfahan, Iran, 2004. Results: The prevalence of low back pain ranked top, regardless of job titles followed by knee pain. The age groups (24-35) and (34-45) manifested the most frequent number of (MSDs) and MSDs related lost workdays. Conclusion: This is almost in harmony with the prevalence of MSDs among g...

The Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders and its Predictors among Iranians’ Housewives
   مقاله    International Journal of Epidemiology Research  جلد ۳، شماره ۱، صفحات ۵۳-۶۲
Babak Fazli
Health Promotion Research Center, Dept. of Occupational Heath, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran Hossein Ansari

ABSTRACT Background and aims: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are common among housewives. Therefore, this study aimed to estimate the prevalence of MSDs and its predictors among a group of Iranian housewives. Methods: This cross-sectional study carried out on 600 Iranian housewives in 2014 that were selected using multistage random sampling from three cities including Karaj, Kashan and Yazd. The data were collected using Nordic questionnaire and were analyzed in SPSS software using chi-square and multiple linear regressions with Hosmer-Lemshow method. Results: The total prevalence of MSDs was 53% and was not different in three cities (P>0.05). The highest prevalence of pain was found to be in the back region (51.33%), followed by neck (51%) and shoulder (41.5%) and least at wrist (...

Ergonomic Risk Assessment on Oil Palm Industry Workers
   مقاله    Iranian Journal of Public Health  جلد ۴۵، شماره ۱، صفحات ۴۴-۵۱

Baba Mohd DEROS

Background: This study was an investigation conducted at two oil palm plantations in Slim River District, Perak, Malaysia on the prevalence of back pain among workers in the Malaysian oil palm industry. Many manual handling activities and tasks performed were not designed ergonomically, thus a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders was found among oil palm fresh fruit bunches (FFBs) manual workers. The three main objectives of this study were to determine the level of employee awareness on health and safety of manual handling tasks; to recognize the musculoskeletal symptom on the workers body parts; and to analyze their working postures and identify the relevant risk factors. Methods: Modified Nordic questionnaire was used to collect data in 2012 at two oil palm plantations lo...

Association between shift working and musculoskeletal symptoms among nursing personnel
   مقاله    Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research  جلد ۱۹، شماره ۳، صفحات ۳۰۹-۰

Mirsaeed Attarchi

A BSTRACT Background: Some health problems are more prevalent in shift workers than day workers. Musculoskeletal disorders are considered as one of the most common health-related problems that can cause disability among health care workers. The aim of this study was to assess the associations between shift working and the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms (MSs) among nursing personnel. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted among 454 health care workers including nurses and nurses’ aides in a general hospital in Iran. A Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire was used to evaluate the prevalence of MSs. Logistic regression analysis with adjusting for confounding factors was performed to evaluate the associations between shift working and the prevalence of MSs. Result...

Sensitivity to Pain in Children With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
   مقاله    Iranian Journal of Cancer Prevention  جلد ۵، شماره ۲، صفحات ۷۴-۸۰

Manijeh Firoozi Dept. of Psychology, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran

Background: There are many physiological and psychological factors, which affect sensitivity to pain in children afflicted with ALL. The main purpose of this study was to evaluate the relation between salivary cortisol and sensitivity to pain, and also study the role of age and gender. Methods: Seventy eight children (33 girls and 45 boys, aged 3 to 12 years) with ALL participated in this study. Morning salivary cortisol was measured and Behavior Scales of Sensitivity to Pain for Children (BSSPC) and Pre-Linguistic Behavioral Pain Reactivity Scale (PL-BPRS) were applied. Results: The results showed a high significant correlation between cortisol levels and pain sensitivity. Cortisol suppression was observed in some participants. The roles of gender and age in relation between cor...

Assessment of Cold Stress and Its Effects on Workers in a Cold-Storage Warehouse
   مقاله    International Journal of Occupational Hygiene  جلد ۱، شماره ۱، صفحات ۹-۱۳

Farideh Golbabaei Dept. of Occupational Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Exposure to cold work environment is an occupational health hazard and poses adverse effect on workers health, performance and productivity. This study was performed in a cold food-storage warehouse complex in Tehran-Iran in order to evaluate the workers' exposure to cold stress. Twenty nine exposed workers and 33 non-exposed workers as control subject were included in this study. Climatic factors were measured based on ISO 7996 at the three levels of workers height. Physiological factors including skin temperature (ISO 9886), oral temperature (ISO 9886) blood pressure, pulse rate, workload (ISO 8996) were determined. Cloth insulation was estimated according to ISO 9920. The IREQ (IREQ neut and IREQ min ) were calculated following ISO/TR 11079 guidelines, and then, IREQ indices were co...

The effects of reflexology on chronic low back pain intensity in nurses employed in hospitals affiliated with Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
   مقاله    Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research  جلد ۱۷، شماره ۳، صفحات ۰-۰

Maryam Eghbali

Background: Humans have been involved with the phenomena of pain and pain relief from the ancient times. Back pain is the most common pain. In fact, eight out of ten people experience it in their lifetime. However, individuals with specific jobs, including nurses, are faced with this problem more. Nursing is in the top ten careers suffering from the most severe musculoskeletal injuries. There are non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic treatments to relieve back pain. One of the non-medical treatments of pain is called reflexology which is a branch of complementary and alternative therapies. This research has been conducted to investigate the effect of reflexology on chronic low back pain intensity. Materials and Methods: This study was a double-blind clinical trial. The study population...