Mechanisms of Sperm Storage in the Female Reproductive Tract: an Interspecies Comparison
The ability to store sperm in the female genital tract is frequently observed in vertebrates as well as in invertebrates. Because of the presence of a system that maintains the ejaculated sperm alive in the female reproductive tract in a variety of animals, this strategy appears to be advantageous for animal reproduction. Although the occurrence and physiological reasons for sperm storage have ...متن کامل
At coitus, human sperm are deposited into the anterior vagina, where, to avoid vaginal acid and immune responses, they quickly contact cervical mucus and enter the cervix. Cervical mucus filters out sperm with poor morphology and motility and as such only a minority of ejaculated sperm actually enter the cervix. In the uterus, muscular contractions may enhance passage of sperm through the uteri...متن کامل
The objective of this study was to review the literature on sperm transport in the mare. During this process the sperm cells must reach the oviducts in order to fertilize the oocyte, but before reaching this site it must go through the uterus that is a hostile environment at this moment since there is an inflammatory reaction in this location that aims to eliminate excess spermatozoa and bacter...متن کامل
1 Department of Biology, Southeast Missouri State University, Cape Girardeau, MO 63701, USA. 2 CNRS-UMR5175 CEFE, Centre d’Ecologie Functionnelle et Evolutive, 1919 route de mende, 34293 Montpellier cedex 5. 3 College of Sciences, The University of Findlay, Findlay, Ohio 45840, USA. 4 Department of Biological Sciences, Southeastern Louisiana University, Hammond, LA 70402, USA. * Corresponding a...متن کامل
Do sperm possess a molecular passport? Mechanistic insights into sperm selection in the female reproductive tract.
Most male mammals produce far more spermatozoa on a daily basis than is strictly necessary for reproduction and females have evolved mechanisms that prevent all but a small minority from reaching the vicinity of their oocytes. One potential explanation for the stringent selection is that females have developed these mechanisms as a way of avoiding polyspermy as well as exercising post-copulator...متن کامل
عنوان ژورنال: Reproduction in Domestic Animals