Runoff characteristics and application of HEC-HMS for modelling stormflow hydrograph in an oil palm catchment.
Rainfall-runoff processes in a small oil palm catchment (8.2 ha) in Johor, Malaysia were examined. Storm hydrographs show rapid responses to rainfall with a short time to peak. The estimated initial hydrologic loss for the oil palm catchment is 5 mm. Despite the low initial loss, the catchment exhibits a high proportion of baseflow, approximately 54% of the total runoff. On an event basis, the stormflow response factor and runoff coefficient ranges from 0.003 to 0.21, and 0.02 to 0.44, respectively. Peakflow and stormflow volume were moderately correlated with rainfall. The hydrographs were satisfactorily modelled using the Hydrologic Engineering Centre-Hydrologic Modelling System (HEC-HMS). The efficiency indexes of the calibration and validation exercises are 0.81 and 0.82, respectively. Based on these preliminary findings, it could be suggested that an oil palm plantation would be able to serve reasonably well in regulating basic hydrological functions.
Hydrologic simulation employing computer models has advanced rapidly and computerized models have become essential tools for understanding human influences on river flows and designing ecologically sustainable water management approaches. The HEC-HMS is a reliable model developed by the US Army Corps of Engineers that could be used for many hydrological simulations. This model is not calibrated...متن کامل
Optimization of runoff Coefficient and Concentration Time in Estimating Flood Discharge Values by SCS Method (Case Study: Catchment Basin of Kohanrood River)
Estimation of floods in a basin with various return periods is one of the effective management strategies for reducing flood damage. One of the methods for estimating flood discharge is to make synthetic unit hydrograph using the physical characteristics of the basin. The more accurate inputs of the model, the more validated results. Hence, in basins in which Instantaneous peak discharge is rec...متن کامل
تخمین آبنمود سیلاب حوزه آبخیز با استفاده از مدل HEC-HMS و سامانه اطلاعات جغرافیایی (مطالعه موردی: حوزه آبخیز ایدنک)
Among the variety of method s used for estimating runoff in the watershed, the SCS method has universal applicability, so the main aim of this study is the calibration of SCS method and the creation of flood hydrograph. The HEC-HMS hydrologic (rainfall-runoff) model has been used for Idanak watershed flood estimation. Using the residual sum of squared minimization function”, calibration proce...متن کامل
"Technical Report" Flood Hydrograph Simulation Using HEC-HMS Model in Sarbaz River Basin of Sistan and Baluchestan Province
Hydrological models are simplified representation of the real basin system, which helps to assess basin function in response to different inputs and better understanding of hydrological processes. The HEC-HMS model is one of the most important hydrological models for Flood estimating volumes and discharge in watersheds. In this research, the HEC-HMS hydrologic model was used to simulate the ...متن کامل
Estimation of parameters of a hydrologic model is undertaken using a procedure called “calibration” in order to obtain predictions as close as possible to observed values. This study aimed to use the particle swarm optimization (PSO) algorithm for automatic calibration of the HEC-HMS hydrologic model, which includes a library of different event-based models for simulating the rainfall-runoff pr...متن کامل
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- Water science and technology : a journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
دوره 56 8 شماره
تاریخ انتشار 2007