Consciousness as a graded and an all-or-none phenomenon: A conceptual analysis.
The issue whether consciousness is a graded or an all-or-none phenomenon has been and continues to be a debate. Both contradictory accounts are supported by solid evidence. Starting from a level of processing framework allowing for states of partial awareness, here we further elaborate our view that visual experience, as it is most often investigated in the literature, is both graded and all-or-none. Low-level visual experience is graded, whereas high-level visual experience is all-or-none. We then present a conceptual analysis starting from the notion that consciousness is a general concept. We specify a number of different subconcepts present in the literature on consciousness, and outline how each of them may be seen as either graded, all-or-none, or both. We argue that such specifications are necessary to lead to a detailed and integrated understanding of how consciousness should be conceived of as graded and all-or-none.
The question of whether conscious experience is best viewed as graded or dichotomous has received much scientific attention in recent years as the answer is relevant not only to models of consciousness, but also to the examination of neural markers of consciousness in patients and infants. Although some studies have found evidence of graded perception, it is unclear whether such perception is s...متن کامل
Within theoretical and empirical enquiries, many different meanings associated with consciousness have appeared, leaving the term itself quite vague. This makes formulating an abstract and unifying version of the concept of consciousness - the main aim of this article -into an urgent theoretical imperative. It is argued that consciousness, characterized as dually accessible (cognized from the i...متن کامل
In this paper dynamic analysis of multi-directional functionally graded panel is studied using a semi-analytical numerical method entitled the state-space based differential method (SSDQM) and comparative behavior modeling by artificial neural network (ANN) for different parameters. A semi-analytical approach which makes use the three-dimensional elastic theory and assuming the material propert...متن کامل
FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO ALTERATIONS IN THE LEVEL OF CONSCIOUSNESS IN PATIENTS WITH DIABETIC KETOACIDOSIS: ANALYSIS OF 189 CASES
The relation between serum osmolality, glucose, sodium, bicarbonate, arterial pH, BUN and level of consciousness was studied in 189 patients with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). There was much overlap between all laboratory values among various groups, even when there was a statistically significant difference. To find a better predictor, we defined a new factor as serum osmolality/arterial pH...متن کامل
Background and Aim: This paper aims at conceptual analysis of epistemological pre-assumptions of the theory of “Information Ethics” to provide better understanding about this macro-ethics theory and offer a critical standpoint about some of its pre-assumptions. Methods: A documentary method and a conceptual analysis were used. This research method and approach is best suited to explore pre-assu...متن کامل