Water-saving irrigation strategies affect tuber water relations and nitrogen content of potatoes

authors

  • A.A. Kamgar-Haghighi Irrigation Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
  • A.R. Sepaskhah Irrigation Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran.
  • M. Agharezaee Irrigation Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
  • S.H. Ahmadi Irrigation Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran
abstract

The dynamic and static deficit (DDI, SDI), partial root drying (DPRD, SPRD) and full (FI)irrigation strategies were applied in Agria and Ramos potato cultivars in a semi-arid area. FIreceived 100% of the potential evapotranspiration (ET); SDI and SPRD received 75% of ETduring the growth period; DDI and DPRD received 90% of ET in the first third, 75% of ET inthe second third and 50% of ET in the last third of growth period. Results showed that freshtuber yield and tuber nitrogen (N) content were negatively correlated meaning that by increasingthe tuber N content, tuber yield decreased. PRD irrigation strategy had significantly the highesttuber N content than FI and DI. Dry matter water productivity (WPDM) was significantlydifferent between the irrigation strategies. The DI strategies had significantly higher WPDM thanFI and PRD ones. DDI and DPRD increased WPDM by 26 and 19% compared to SDI and SPRD,respectively. WPDM in Ramos (1.08 kg m-3) was higher than Agria (0.82 kg m-3). The newlyintroduced Dry Matter-Water Content Index (DMWCI) was higher in PRD and Agria than DIand Ramos, respectively. Conclusively, the DI treatments are the recommended water savingirrigation strategies under these experimental conditions in terms of highest WPDM and greaterdry matter allocation to tubers, though the PRD irrigation strategy had higher tuber N content.Ramos is the favored potato cultivar for processing industry based on its higher WPDM and tuberdry matter content than Agria.

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Journal title:

volume 10  issue 3

pages  275- 288

publication date 2016-07-01

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