Background and aims: The psychosocial work factors have a major impact on employees’ cognitive performance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between psychosocial work factors and cognitive failures among nurses. Methods: In this study, 300 nurses who worked in educational hospitals were selected by simple random sampling method. The questionnaires that used for data collection included: demographics information,COPSOQ and CFQ questionnaires. To analyze the relationship between variables, independent t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient and linear regression analysis were used. Results: There was a significant relationship between the majority of dimensions of psychosocial work factors such as role clarity, influence at work, job satisfaction, and insecurity at work, quantitative demands, emotional demands, total job demands and meaning of work with cognitive failures of nurses. Also, the dimensions of total job demands, meaning of work and influence at work with high and significant correlations had a good predictition of cognitive failure in nurses. Conclusion: According to the results, some of the psychosocial work factors affects on the rate of cognitive failures. Therefore, organizational interventions must be considered in order to control important psychosocial work factors. Further studies are needed to identify other factors affecting nurses’ cognitive failures.
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