In order to determine the efficiency of breast feeding in reduction of acute otitis media, a case control retrospective study was planned. In this study 200 healthy infants in control group and 100 infected infants with acute otitis media in case group under 2 years old, were examined on the basis of type of feeding and other efficient factors on this disease (May-November,1996). The results of this study indicates that exclusive breast feeding early breast feeding, intervals of lactation during 24 hours. Prolonged breast feeding, being roommate of mother with her neonates, and also feeding the infant with colostrum have statistically significant relation, with reduction on acute otitis media in infants (P <0.001) . Whereas bottle feeding, feeding in laying position, allergy, use of day care centre, growing up of the baby, and recurrent episodes of otitis media have statistically significant relation with increased risk of acute otitis media (P<0.001). Other factors such as infants’ sex birth order. The family’s socio-economic level, literacy of family, parents’ age, routine vaccination do not have the significant relation with acute otitis media (P>0.05). The result obtained indicates that breast feeding plays an important role in reduction of acute otitis media.
جستجوی کلمه کلیدیNone