Background: Respiratory virus infections represent a major public health problem because of their worldwide occurrence, ease of spread in the community and considerable morbidity and mortality. They are one of the most common reasons for hospitalization of children under the age of six. In some cases, infection with two different viruses increase the severity of disease which lead to the hospitalization.Case presentation: Among 202 samples related to children under the age of six with respiratory infections, two dual infections of Adenovirus with other respiratory viruses with PCR test were detected.Conclusion: Mixed respiratory viral infections are sometimes associated with severe disease and recognition of coinfection is important. Dual infections of Adenovirus with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and Swine origin influenza A (H1N1) virus were demonstrated. The evidence showed that the co-infection of Adenovirus with swine origin influenza A (H1N1), has increased the severity of disease which lead to the hospitalization.
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