An Interaction between 3A Approach of Entrepreneurship and International Trade: Evidence from Selected Asian Countries
In the relevant literature, there has been a lack of discussion to focus particularly on the relationship between entrepreneurship and international trade. It is more restricted when one intends to seek an interaction between international trade and the indexes of the 3A approach of entrepreneurship, including entrepreneurial attitude, activities and aspirations which are collected from Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM). The implication is that a change in trade causes more entrepreneurial opportunity to firms, while an innovation by them should lead to comparative advantage of an activity, which can be a reason for trade promotion. This study thus aims to explore the effects of three key components of entrepreneurship arising from the 3A approach of entrepreneurship on trade flows in 10 Asian countries (Iran, China, South Korea, Pakistan, Malaysia, Turkey, Japan, Russia, United Arab Emirates and Thailand) that are members of the GEM. Employing econometric methods, we test a causality relation between trade and the indexes of entrepreneurship, and then estimate an augmented trade gravity model by using panel data and applying the GEM cross-national data during the period 2008- 2018. The empirical results have confirmed that there is an interacted causality between trade and entrepreneurship patterns in 10 selected Asian countries during the period. JEL Classification: L26, P33, P44, F10
In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in currency :union:s internationally. The formation of currency :union: in Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) has drawn much attention of Islamic countries. This paper aims to investigate the effect of currency :union: formation for trade among 49 Islamic countries over the period 1990-2012 by OCA and Augmented Gravity Model (AGM). T...متن کامل
the aesthetic dimension of howard barkers art: a frankfurtian approach to scenes from an execution and no end of blame
رابطه ی میانِ هنر و شرایطِ اجتماعیِ زایش آن همواره در طولِ تاریخ دغدغه ی ذهنی و دل مشغولیِ اساسیِ منتقدان و نیز هنرمندان بوده است. از آنجا که هنر در قفس آهنیِ زندگیِ اجتماعی محبوس است، گسترش وابستگیِ آن با نهاد ها و اصولِ اجتماعی پیرامون، صرفِ نظر از هم سو بودن و یا غیرِ هم سو بودنِ آن نهاد ها، امری اجتناب ناپذیر به نظر می رسد. با این وجود پدیدار گشتنِ چنین مباحثِ حائز اهمییتی در میان منتقدین، با ظهورِ مکتب ما...
Foreign Trade and International Financial Flows: Implications for Economic Stability in the Selected ECOWAS Countries
T his study investigates the effects of extra-ECOWAS merchandise trade and investment flows on the transmission of business cycles in the selected ECOWAS between 1985 and 2014. The study finds that total trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) significantly influence the transmission of business cycles with elasticities of 1.1 and 0.7, respectively in the long run. There are little vari...متن کامل
The main goal of the present paper is to analyze the effects of currency collapses (a large devaluation of country’s nominal exchange rate) on real gross domestic products of six Asian countries (Iran, Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, South Korea, and Turkey). A yearly data is collected from the WDI of the World Bank over the period 1980-2011. The econometric model includes the real GDP growt...متن کامل
The Effect of Innovation on International Trade: Selected Medium-High-Technology Industries, Evidence on Iran+3
The relationship between technology and international competitiveness dates back to the neo-technological trade theories of the 1960s. This approach considers difference in technology as the primary motive for difference among nations in terms of trade performance. The technology gap approach emphasizes inter-country differences in innovativeness as the basis for international trade flows. The ...متن کامل
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دوره 50 شماره 2
صفحات 61- 72
تاریخ انتشار 2020-10-01
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