Chemical Composition and Bioactivity of the Essential Oil of Melissa officinalis L., Cultivated in Southwestern, Iran
Background & Aim: Melissa officinalis L. (lemon balm) a valuable medicinal plant in herbal medicine is native to the eastern Mediterranean region and western Asia. It is a traditional herbal medicine, which enjoys contemporary usage as a mild sedative, spasmolytic and antibacterial agent. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of climate on quality and quantity of the essential oil of M. officinalis at Shahrekord climate, southwestern (Iran) and evaluate the antioxidant activity of the oil. Experimental: Plants were cultivated during 22-25th March 2016 in the greenhouse and transferred to the main site after three months (May), and finally harvested at the full flowering stage during August.Dried plant material (100 g) was powdered and subjected to hydro–distillation for three hours using a Clevenger–type apparatus. The hydrodistillated essential oil analyzed by GC-FID and GC/MS. The antioxidant activity was determined by using DPPH method. Results: Results indicated that the major essential oil constituents of M.officinalis L. were β-caryophyllene (23.06%), E-citral (17.61%), Z-citral (13.64%), and caryophyllene oxide (10.83%). The antioxidant activityof the essential oil showed moderate antioxidant activity (IC50=749.60 µg/g), that was lower compared to butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT). Recommended applications/industries: This potential applicability can be used as antioxidant agents for food and pharmaceutical industries.
Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of the essential oil from leaves of Algerian Melissa officinalis L.
The essential oil obtained from leaves of Melissa officinalis L. (Family of Lamiaceae) growing in Algeria, was investigated for its chemical composition and in vitro antimicrobial activity. The chemical composition was determined by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC/MS and GC-FID. Sixty-three compounds were identified in the essential oil, representing 94.10 % of the total oil and the yields...متن کامل
The Effect of Organic and Chemical Fertilizers on Content and Composition of Essential Oil in Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis L.)
In this research the effects of organic and chemical fertilizers on essential oil content and composition of lemon balm were investigated. This research was conducted in completely block randomized design with 4 replications in 2019 and 2020. Treatments were organic fertilizers (from source of horse, sheep, cow, hen and vermicompost) and complete chemical fertilizer of NPK (20-20-20). The most ...متن کامل
Chemical composition and bioactivity of the essential oil of Cassia singueana flowers growing in Nigeria
Cassia singueana (Delile) Lock from the family Fabaceae is a well-known medicinal plant that grows abundantly in Nigeria and other African countries, and has long been used in the treatment of various ailments including malaria and other infectious diseases. The present study aimed at assessing the composition, and bioactivity of the essential oil of the flowers of C. singueana collected from ...متن کامل
This study was designed to determine chemical composition and antibacterial activity of essential oil from Melissa officinalis leaves. The essential oil was obtained by hydro-distillation and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Antibacterial activity was evaluated by micro-dilution and disk-diffusion methods. The GC-MS analysis of the essential oil revealed 48 compounds in...متن کامل
Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of essential oil of Salvia officinalis L. and Salvia virgata Jacq
Background & Aim:The genus Salvia (commonly known as sage) is a broad genus belonging to the family Lamiaceae. This study is aimed at assessing the essential oil composition and antimicrobial activities of two Salvia species. Experimental: The chemical composition of the essential oils of Salvia officinalis L. and Sa...متن کامل
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دوره 8 شماره 4
صفحات 213- 218
تاریخ انتشار 2018-02-20
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