Effects of Melatonin and Vitamin E on Peripheral Neuropathic Pain in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats
Objective(s) Previous studies have indicated that diabetes mellitus might be accompanied by neuropathic pain. Oxidative stress is implicated as a final common pathway in development of diabetic neuropathy. Pharmacological interventions targeted at inhibiting free radical production have shown beneficial effects in diabetic neuropathy. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the possible analgesic effects of melatonin and vitamin E in diabetic rats. Materials and Methods This study was performed on 32 male Wistar rats divided into 4 groups: control, diabetic, melatonin-treated diabetic and vitamin E-treated diabetic. Experimental diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal streptozotocin (50 mg/kg) injection. Melatonin (10 mg/kg, i.p.) and vitamin E (100 mg/kg, i.p.) were injected for 2 weeks after 21st day of diabetes induction. At the end of administration period, pain-related behavior was assessed using 0.5% formalin test according to two spontaneous flinching and licking responses. The levels of lipid peroxidation as well as glutathione-peroxidase and catalase activities were evaluated in lumbosacral dorsal root ganglia. Results Formalin-evoked flinching and total time of licking were increased in both acute and chronic phases of pain in diabetic rats as compared to control rats, whereas treatment with melatonin or vitamin E significantly reduced the pain indices. Furthermore, lipid peroxidation levels increased and glutathione-peroxidase and catalase activities decreased in diabetic rats. Both antioxidants reversed the biochemical parameters toward their control values. Conclusion These results suggest that oxidative stress may contribute to induction of pain in diabetes and further suggest that antioxidants, melatonin and vitamin E, can reduce peripheral neuropathic pain in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
Remedial Effects of Vitamin E and L-arginine on Peripheral Neuropathy in Streptozotocin-induced Diabetic Rats
It was shown that hyperglycemia in diabetic patients is the main factor of diabetic peripheral neuropathies. Various pathways related to oxidative stress, vascular defect and defective endothelium dependent relaxation have been implicated in the development of diabetic peripheral neuropathy. A substantial number of studies have shown that antioxidant treatment are promising therapeutics that ca...متن کامل
Introduction: Diabetes is the most common cause of peripheral nerve involvement. Evaluating the effect of antioxidants on diabetic neuropathic pain is important. This study aimed at evaluating the effects of Angipars medicine in the treatment of neuropathic hyperalgesia in single dose streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Correspo...متن کامل
چکیده اثر عصاره آبی سیر بر درد ناشی از آزمون فرمالین در موش صحرایی نر به کوشش نرگس اسکندری روزبهانی زمینه و هدف: گیاه سیر از خانواده لیلیاسه و گونهallium sativum بومی آسیای میانه بوده و از دوران ،باستان تاکنون به خواص درمانی متفاوت آن مثل: کاهندگی قندخون، کلسترول خون، فشار خون، اثرات مفیدآن بر دستگاه قلبی عروقی و بیماریهای انعقادی خون، اثرات آنتی اکسیداتیو، درمان بیماریهای تنفسی وگوارشی، ا...15 صفحه اول
Effect of alcoholic extract of Iranian red onion on diabetic neuropathic pain in streptozotocin-diabetic rats
Introduction: Neuropathic pain is one of the common complications of diabetes mellitus which is caused by impairment in nerve conductivity. The role of flavonoid and polyphenol compounds in treatment of neuropathic pain has been revealed, and extract of onion contains significant amounts of these compounds. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of alcoholic extract of onion on ...متن کامل
BACKGROUND Nefopam is a centrally acting non-opioid analgesic agent. Its analgesic properties may be related to the inhibitions of monoamine reuptake and the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor. The antinociceptive effect of nefopam has been shown in animal models of acute and chronic pain and in humans. However, the effect of nefopam on diabetic neuropathic pain is unclear. Therefore, we inve...متن کامل
دوره 13 شماره 2
صفحات 1- 8
تاریخ انتشار 2010-04-01
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