Institutional Ownership, Business Cycles and Earnings Informativeness of Income Smoothing: Evidence from Iran
Managers engage in income smoothing either to communicate private information about future earnings to investors (informativeness hypothesis) or to distort financial performance for opportunistic purposes (opportunism hypothesis). Business cycles and the monitoring role of institutional ownership may affect the earnings informativeness of income smoothing. The purpose of this research is to examine the effect of business cycles and institutional ownership on the earnings informativeness of income smoothing. 140 firms listed on the Tehran Stock Exchange are selected as the sample over the period 2010-2016. The results showed that, during recession, income smoothing does not effectively communicate information about future earnings and thus earnings are less informative. Moreover, higher levels of institutional ownership are associated with a decrease in their monitoring role and decrease in the earnings informativeness of income smoothing. Finally, the results suggested that the relationship between institutional ownership and the earnings informativeness of income smoothing is not significantly affected by business cycles.
This paper examines the relation between managerial ownership and the quality of accounting information in an emerging market. It is hypothesized that the relation between managerial ownership and earnings’ explanatory power of returns is negative and different from that documented in developed markets due to a unique institutional setting, leading to relatively high agency conflicts and inform...متن کامل
investment institutions with substantial shareholdings in a firm have the resources and incentives to monitor and influence management decisions. whether the institutions actually monitor and exert pressure on managers is an empirical question.this study is designed to provide insights into the monitoring role of institutional investors by examining whether institutional ownership affects the i...متن کامل
In this Paper, business cycle asymmetry in Iran has been investigated using a nonlinear unobserved component model. In this regard, according to Kim and Nelsonchr('39')s (1999) interpretation of Friedman plucking model (1993), asymmetric transitory component has been modeled and simultaneously the possibility of a correlation between transitory and permanent shocks has also been considered. The...متن کامل
In the time domain, the observed cyclical behavior of the real wage hides a range of economic influences that give rise to cycles of differing lengths and strengths. This may serve to produce a distorted picture of wage cyclicality. Here, we employ frequency domain methods that allow us to assess the relative contribution of cyclical frequency bands on real wage earnings. Earnings are decompose...متن کامل
Impact of Institutional Ownership and Board Independence on the Relationship Between Excess Free Cash Flow and Earnings Management
However, the free cash flows scale is important for the financial health of the company, but it has also its own limitations. Moreover, it’s not immune from accounting tricks. Free cash flows can be considered as a measure of value for shareholders of listed companies on Tehran Stock Exchange. The managers of these companies have tended to use the earnings management for managing the free cash ...متن کامل
This study examines the association between different institutional investors’ ownership and earnings management practice using a neural networks approach. It investigates this relationship for a sample of 121 US firms. We examine also the effect of institutional ownership on the level of accruals management of firms having different information environment (S&P 500 versus non S&P 500). Results...متن کامل
دوره 6 شماره 2
صفحات 1- 18
تاریخ انتشار 2021-04-01
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