Interaction of perforin and granzyme B and HTLV-1 viral factors is associated with ATL development
Objective(s): Human T cell leukaemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is associated with adult T cell leukaemia (ATL), a malignant lymphoproliferative disease that infects CD4 T cells. It is not clear why the majority of HTLV-1-infected individuals remain asymptomatic carries (ACs) and a minority develop ATL. Cellular immune response has a critical role in ATL and destroys malignant and HTLV-1-infected cells. Perforin and granzyme have important functional roles in apoptosis and destruction of infected cells. In the present study we examined the role of perforin and granzyme in ATL patients and ACs.Materials and Methods: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were isolated from ATL patients and ACs by using Ficoll-hypaque density centrifugation. RNA was extracted and cDNA was synthesized. A real-time PCR TaqMan method was designed and optimized for evaluation of perforin, granzyme, tax, and HBZ gene expression. HTLV-1 proviral load (PVL) was quantified in patients with ATL and ACs.Results: The mRNA expression of tax and HBZ was significantly higher in ATL patients than ACs (P=0.011 and P=0.0001,respectively). The HTLV-1 PVL was higher in ATL patients compared to with AC group (P=0.015). There was a significant increase in perforin gene expression in ACs compared with ATL patients (P=0.002). Furthermore, the expression of granzyme was also higher in ACs compared with ATL patients, and significant differences were observed between the two groups (P=0.036).Conclusion: Low expression of perforin and granzyme in ATL patients seems to influence the efficiency of CTL function and destruction of HTLV-1-infected cells, which might contribute to the disease pathogenesis.
برهمکنش dnaتیموس گاوی طبیعی (ct-dna) با اتیلن دی آمین تترااستات (edta)در بافرtris-hcl با 8/7 ph ( دراین ph،edta به نمک دی سدیم تبدیل می شود) وسسامول در بافر tris-hcl با4/7 ph مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است. edta و سسامول استفاده فراوانی در تکنولوژی غذایی و صنعت شیمیایی دارند. مدل اتصال dna مربوط بهedta بوسیله اسپکتروفتومتری جذب، دورنگ نمایی حلقوی(cd)، ویسکومتری وژل الکتروفورز بررسی شده است. طیفuv ...15 صفحه اول
azerbaijans political development after the collapse of soviet union and implication on relation with the islamic republic of iran
در فصل اول این پایاین نامه در خصوص تاریخ کشور اذربایجان قبل و بعد از جدایی این کشور از ایران مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است ودر فصل دوم تحولات سیاسی این کشور بعد از 1991 و در واقع بعد از فروپاشی شوروی و دولتهایی که روی کار امدند در از جمله دولت ابولفضل ایلچی بیگ،دولت حیدر علی اف وبعد از او پسرش الهام علی اف و نگرش هرکدام از این دولتها به سیاسیت خارجی اذربایجان مورد اشاره قرار گرفته است.در ودر فصل سو...
Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) produce an abundance of bactericidal and cytotoxic molecules consistent with their role as first-line defense against bacterial infection. PMNs, however, also cause efficient cellular cytotoxicity when targeted through Fc receptors to appropriate antibody-coated target cells. Although this so-called antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) was describ...متن کامل
Background and Purpose: "Executive functions" is a general term and contains components which form a common pattern while being distinctive form each other at the same time. These functions imply the ability to use higher cognitive processes to focus on the significant aspects of the task and to plan for its completion. During the recent years, a general view has been developed indicating that ...متن کامل
supervisors play an undeniable role in training teachers, before starting their professional experience by preparing them, at the initial years of their teaching by checking their work within the proper framework, and later on during their teaching by assessing their progress. but surprisingly, exploring their attributes, professional demands, and qualifications has remained a neglected theme i...15 صفحه اول
دوره 23 شماره 8
صفحات 1007- 1011
تاریخ انتشار 2020-08-01
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