Background: Due to the incidence and recurrence of bladder cancer (BC), it could be categorized as a clinical and social problem that often occurs at an advanced age. This study was designed to determine the incidence of BC in Isfahan, Iran. Methods: A retrospective descriptive survey of information based on bladder cancer (ICD-O, third edition; C67) was obtained from the Isfahan Deputy of Health. The study was in conducted to the department of Urology and Kidney Transplantation Research Center and approved by the University Ethics Committee. The Isfahan Cancer Program is intended to record all cancer cases in the Isfahan. From 20 March 2016 to 19 March 2017, records with linkage to using of pathology, demographic and clinical information were recorded in Microsoft Excel 2013 (Microsoft Corp., Redmond, WA, USA) and analyzed by SPSS statistical software, version 22 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA). The incidence rates (Irs) were calculated by dividing new cases of BC during the year of study to the population at risk during the same time period×100000. Results: A total of 417 patients that corresponded to Irs of 8 per 100000 persons were studied. The overall recorded number was comprised of 361 males (IRs of 13.9 per 100000) and 56 females (Irs of 2.2 per 100000). The mean±SD age of patients was 64.7±13 years. The minimum age in males versus females was 12 versus 25 years old respectively. Age in the most patients (80% of cases) was more than 50 years old. The invasion of the muscle was recorded in 44% of cases. Geographical distribution in 65% of cases was related to Isfahan City as a place of birth-residence and in the next categories were Khomeinishahr (7.6%), Najafabad (6.8%), Lenjan (4.5%), Mobarekeh (3.7%) and Felavarjan (2.8%) respectively. Conclusion: Comparison of BC incidence rate between the year 2014 and 2016 showed that incidence rates decreased by 18.2%. In the 44%, invasive neoplasm of BC was recorded for the population studied. The highest frequency of BC was associated with Isfahan City and then Khomeinshahr, Najaf abad, Lenjan, Mobarakeh and Falavarjan.