Optimal Energy Procurement of Smart Large Consumers Incorporating Parking Lot, Renewable Energy Sources and Demand Response Program
Large commercial and industrial loads known as large energy consumers are always seeking to reduce their energy costs and consequently they are utilizing renewable and non-renewable energy sources in procurement of their required energy. Use of renewable energy sources (RESs) and plug-in electric vehicles (PHEVs) parking lot without proper planning will make technical and economic problems for the owner of the large consumers. This study provides a model for energy management of a smart large consumer (SLC), concluding PHEVs parking lot, RESs (photovoltaic (PV), wind turbines (WT)) and non-renewable sources (fuel cell (FC), micro-turbine (MT)). In this study, an optimal exploitation for the PHEVs parking is proposed, which has the potential of utilizing as an energy generation source with the goal of reducing operational costs of SLC. In addition, this study considers the demand response (DR) program as an energy source and reducing the costs. The purpose of objective function is decreasing the operation cost of SLC to the minimum amount while considering physical and technical constraints of the sources. The proposed model is considered both DR programs and PHEVs parking lot, and the results of the simulation illustrated the positive impact of the demand response program (DRP) and parking lot in reducing operation costs.
Energy Management in Microgrids Containing Electric Vehicles and Renewable Energy Sources Considering Demand Response
Microgrid and smart electrical grids are among the new concepts in power systems that support new technologies within themselves. Electric cars are some advanced technologies that their optimized use can increase grid efficiency. The modern electric cars sometimes, through the necessary infrastructure and proper management, can serve as an energy source to supply grid loads. This study was cond...متن کامل
This study presents an optimal framework for the operation of integrated energy systems using demand response programs. The main goal of integrated energy systems is to optimally supply various demands using different energy carriers such as electricity, heating, and cooling. Considering the power market price, this work investigates the effects of multiple energy storage devices and demand res...متن کامل
Stochastic Assessment of the Renewable–Based Multiple Energy System in the Presence of Thermal Energy Market and Demand Response Program
The impact of different energy storages on power systems has become more important due to the development of energy storage technologies. This paper optimizes the stochastic scheduling of a wind-based multiple energy system (MES) and evaluates the operation of the proposed system in combination with electrical and thermal demand-response programs and the three-mode CAES (TM-CAES) unit. The prop...متن کامل
Stochastic Optimal Scheduling of Microgrids Considering Demand Response and Commercial Parking Lot by AUGMECON Method
Regarding the advances in technology and anxieties around high and growing prices of fossil fuels, government incentives increase to produce cleaner and sustainable energy through distributed generations. This makes trends in the using microgrids which consist of electric demands and different distributed generations and energy storage systems. The optimum operation of microgrids with consideri...متن کامل
امنیت انرژی به معنی عرضه مداوم و پایدار همراه با قیمت های معقول در حامل های انرژی، که تهدیدات امنیتی، سیاسی، اقتصادی، محیط زیستی و روانی را کاهش دهد. امروزه نفت و گاز تنها، کالای تجاری نیست بلکه بعنوان ابزار سیاسی مورد استفاده قرار می گیرد.اختلاف میان روسیه و اکراین بر سر انرژی در ژانویه 2006، تهدیدی برای امنیت انرژی اروپا ایجاد کرد. در این تحقیق ما تلاش کردیم که نقش انرژی آسیای میانه و قفقاز ر...15 صفحه اول
Renewable energy sources (RES) are very likely to continue the upward capacity trend witnessed in the past years. The reasons for adoption are varied and respond to both market pressures, influence of government intervention and a raised awareness of the consequences on the environment of the current generation fleet. The change from dispatchable generation to an environment in which Independen...متن کامل
دوره 07 شماره 04
صفحات 145- 154
تاریخ انتشار 2018-12-01
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