Physical Vulnerability Assessment of the Hashtgerd New Town against a Probable Earthquake


  • Fallahi, Alireza Post Disaster Reconstruction, Disaster and Reconstruction Department, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.
  • Hassani, Atoosa Post Disaster Reconstruction, Disaster and Reconstruction Department, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran.

Aims & Backgrounds: The occurrence of earthquakes in urban areas, have destructive effects, and the inhabitants are increasingly suffering from their harmful impacts. It appears that preparing proactive planning before the disaster occurrence, may reduce damages, casualties and financial losses. This paper aims to identify the vulnerability of the physical fabric of Hashtgerd new town against a probable earthquake. Methodology: The research is applied and method is descriptive-analytical. Eight indicators, such as, accessibility to open spaces, building density, population density, land use, closeness to fault zone, access to vital services, accessibility to street network and passage's width were selected by using the opinion of experts and Likert scale. Through quantitative analysis of indicators and weighted each of them by AHP method in Expert Choice software program, the vulnerability of Hashtgerd new town was analyzed in GIS software. As a result, critical areas of the city were revealed. Findings: It is determined that only about 28% of the city, which includes phases one, two, three and part of phase four, are in a crisis situation. 54/91% of its area has low and very low vulnerability and 26/73%   have moderate vulnerability. Conclusion: It is recommended that, the following measures may pave the way of reducing the physical vulnerability of the city: Increasing the density of the city's open spaces and their proper distribution in the city, controlling the population and building density along the entrance axis and their balanced distribution in the city, increasing the number of vital centers, avoidance of fault area, especially in phases two, four and five, and the assignment of these areas to open spaces, planning for the use of wastelands and the non-proximity of incompatible land uses.

برای دانلود باید عضویت طلایی داشته باشید

برای دسترسی به متن کامل این مقاله و 10 میلیون مقاله دیگر ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

ثبت نام

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید

منابع مشابه

Spatial Measurement and Analysis of Urban Identity in The Districts of Hashtgerd New Town

Urban identity is one of the major challenges of new towns, the lack of which leads to a lack of solidarity and social participation of citizens to achieve urban development plans. Ignorance of subcultures and geographical location and climatic characteristics and diminishing attention to the dimensions of urban identity and urban social life based on original values ​​and indigenous identity, ...

متن کامل

the impact of training on second language writing assessment: a case of raters’ biasedness

چکیده هدف اول این تحقیق بررسی تأثیر آموزش مصحح بر آموزش گیرندگان براساس پایایی نمره های آنها در پنج بخش شامل محتوا ، سازمان ، لغت ، زبان و مکانیک بود. هدف دوم این بود که بدانیم آیا تفاوتهای بین آموزشی گیرندگان زن و مرد در پایایی نمرات آنها وجود دارد. برای بررسی این موارد ، ما 90 دانشجو در سطح میانه (متوسط) که از طریق تست تعیین سطح شده بودند انتخاب شدند. بعد از آنها خواستیم که درباره دو موضوع ا...

15 صفحه اول

Analytical study on the network of transmission lines vulnerability in Khorasan Razavi province against earthquake

Abstract Introduction Vulnerability is the limitation of a society to a risk and to dominate it for all physical, economic, social and political factors, which adversely affects the ability of the community to respond to those events. An earthquake is a natural phenomenon that will be irreversibly damaged. It has caused severe humanitarian earthquakes in the minds of a compilation of an infra...

متن کامل

assessment of the efficiency of s.p.g.c refineries using network dea

data envelopment analysis (dea) is a powerful tool for measuring relative efficiency of organizational units referred to as decision making units (dmus). in most cases dmus have network structures with internal linking activities. traditional dea models, however, consider dmus as black boxes with no regard to their linking activities and therefore do not provide decision makers with the reasons...

Assessment of Non-Physical Vulnerability at the Neighborhood Scale after Post-Earthquake Reconstruction Experience with a Qualitative Approach (Case study: Qodqoon neighborhood in Boroujerd)

Background and objective: The process of post-disaster reconstruction in developing societies has a high tendency for micro-scale physical renovation. This tendency, that ignore the non-physical issues, originate from the lack of large-scale planning expertise, the lack of social participation mechanisms and the political considerations that govern these countries that do not reduce vulnerabili...

متن کامل

the impact of portfolio assessment on iranian efl students essay writing: a process-oriented approach

this study was conducted to investigate the impact of portfolio assessment as a process-oriented assessment mechanism on iranian efl students’ english writing and its subskills of focus, elaboration, organization, conventions, and vocabulary. out of ninety juniors majoring in english literature and translation at the university of isfahan, sixty one of them who were at the same level of writing...

15 صفحه اول

ذخیره در منابع من

ذخیره در منابع من ذخیره شده در منابع من

{@ msg_add @}

  با ذخیره ی این منبع در منابع من، دسترسی به آن را برای استفاده های بعدی راحت تر خواهید کرد

دانلود متن کامل

برای دسترسی به متن کامل این مقاله و 10 میلیون مقاله دیگر ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

ثبت نام

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید

عنوان ژورنال:

دوره 35  شماره 4

صفحات  0- 0

تاریخ انتشار 2020-08

با دنبال کردن یک ژورنال هنگامی که شماره جدید این ژورنال منتشر می شود به شما از طریق ایمیل اطلاع داده می شود.

کلمات کلیدی

میزبانی شده توسط پلتفرم ابری

copyright © 2015-2021