Preliminary study on the growth development of blood cockle (Tegillarca granosa) by using different substrates in the hatchery system

نویسندگان

  • Aileen Tan , S.H. Centre for Marine & Coastal Studies (CEMACS), Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia
  • Nithiyaa, N. Centre for Marine & Coastal Studies (CEMACS), Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia
  • Nooraini , I. Centre for Marine & Coastal Studies (CEMACS), Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia
  • Nuramira Syahira , S. Centre for Marine & Coastal Studies (CEMACS), Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia
چکیده

Culturing of bivalves in the hatchery is the most popular technique for aquaculture that promotes a healthy bivalvechr('39')s production, where the animal would be less exposed to pollution from human activities. The increase of industrial and agricultural waste along the coastal region has altered the environment, hence affecting the growth and survival of aquatic organisms, particularly clams which is one of the sources of protein to coastal communities. Due to the high demand for blood cockles and drastic change in term of production from culture site, the price of blood cockle per kilogram has increased. Thus, this study aimed to observe the growth development of blood cockles (Tegillarca granosa) using different substrates in a hatchery system. In this study, adult cockle from Kuala Juru, Penang on the northern Straits of Malacca were collected from wild and maintained in hatchery system at Centre for Marine and Coastal Studies (CEMACS), Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). 50 individuals of adult cockle were used for each treatment. The growth characteristics, such as weight, length, thickness, and height of the cockle samples were monitored in both sand and mud substrate experiment tanks until the end of their survival. Generally, both substrates showed an increment in the growth characteristics from initial measurement. Increase in growth characteristics of cockle samples in the sandy experimental tank were, 3.919±0.717 g in weight, 22.90±1.72 mm in length, 15.30±1.69 mm in thickness and 17.40±1.87 mm in height at the end the experiment. Meanwhile, cocklechr('39')s culture in mud substrate showed growth of an average weight of 7.410±2.022 g, 27.40±2.98 mm in length, 17.60±1.94 mm in thickness and 20.60±2.06 mm in height. Furthermore, cockle samples in sandy substrate particularly showed a higher survivability of up to 4 months, compared to mud that only survived for two months. Therefore, this preliminary study suggest that blood cockle could be cultured using a sand type substrate as an alternative to mud in the hatchery system.  

برای دانلود باید عضویت طلایی داشته باشید

برای دسترسی به متن کامل این مقاله و 10 میلیون مقاله دیگر ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

ثبت نام

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید

منابع مشابه

study of cohesive devices in the textbook of english for the students of apsychology by rastegarpour

this study investigates the cohesive devices used in the textbook of english for the students of psychology. the research questions and hypotheses in the present study are based on what frequency and distribution of grammatical and lexical cohesive devices are. then, to answer the questions all grammatical and lexical cohesive devices in reading comprehension passages from 6 units of 21units th...

the effect of using visual aids on the development of speech act of disagreement among iranian intermediate efl learners

abstract the present study tried to investigate the effect of visual aids (films) on the development of the speech act of disagreement among iranian efl intermediate learners. to this end, the researcher selected 40 homogeneous intermediate learners based on their scores on oxford placement test. .the subjects then divided into control group and experimental group. both classes were tested by ...

the impact of morphological awareness on the vocabulary development of the iranian efl students

this study investigated the impact of explicit instruction of morphemic analysis and synthesis on the vocabulary development of the students. the participants were 90 junior high school students divided into two experimental groups and one control group. morphological awareness techniques (analysis/synthesis) and conventional techniques were used to teach vocabulary in the experimental groups a...

15 صفحه اول

a study of the fifth child and ben in the world by doris lessing in the light of julia kristevas psychoanalytic concepts

این مطالعه به بررسی عوامل روانشناختی کریستوادردو رمان دوربس لسینگ،فرزندبنجم و بن دردنیای واقعی می بردازد.موفقیت یا شکست کاراکترهادر تکمیل شکست تتیزی یه کمک بدر وهم از مهم ترین دغدغه محقق می باشد.به بررسی تحلیل روانشناختی تمامی کاراکترها خصوصا بن برداخته و به دنبال نشانه هایی از جامعه شیشه ای کریستوا می باشد.

15 صفحه اول

ذخیره در منابع من

ذخیره در منابع من ذخیره شده در منابع من

{@ msg_add @}

  با ذخیره ی این منبع در منابع من، دسترسی به آن را برای استفاده های بعدی راحت تر خواهید کرد

دانلود متن کامل

برای دسترسی به متن کامل این مقاله و 10 میلیون مقاله دیگر ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

ثبت نام

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید


عنوان ژورنال:

دوره 7  شماره 2

صفحات  71- 78

تاریخ انتشار 2021-02

با دنبال کردن یک ژورنال هنگامی که شماره جدید این ژورنال منتشر می شود به شما از طریق ایمیل اطلاع داده می شود.

کلمات کلیدی

copyright © 2015-2021