Salt-free dyeing of cotton fabric modified with prepared chitosan-poly propylene imine dendrimer using direct dyes
This study presents a novel method for eco-friendly dyeing of cotton fabrics with direct dyes. Cotton fabric modified with chitosan-poly propylene imines dendrimer CS-PPI, and its dyeing and fastness properties were investigated using three direct dyes. The impacts of important factors, i.e., CS-PPI concentration, dye concentration, dyeing time, dyeing temperature, and salt concentration were investigated and optimized. Results showed that cotton treatment with optimum CS-PPI concentration 15 owf significantly improved dye up-take and decreased effective dye concentration required to obtain the more color depth. Also, optimum dyeing time and temperature were reduced ~50 and ~20˚C, respectively. Moreover, salt was eliminated from cotton dyeing process with direct dyes and “salt-free dyeing” was therefore developed. Colorimetric and color fastness data emphasized that this treatment had no negative effect on the hue and color fastness properties of dyed samples. So, it was concluded that this new eco-friendly process can help to save considerable amount of time, energy, chemicals, and dyeing costs, and also can remedy the associated dyeing effluent problems from dyeing of cotton with direct dyes.
Nowadays, there is a great tendency for eco-dyeing and finishing of textiles with natural products. several natural dyes have been used for dyeing of protein fibers but a low number have the ability to dye cotton fiber because of low affinity of cellulose to the natural dyes. In this study madder and weld natural colorants were used to dye cotton fabric premordanted with three metallic salt...متن کامل
Water-soluble polymers have versatile applications but they are hardly used in wet processing of cellulosic substrates (cotton, viscose, jute, etc.), particularly in dyeing. In this paper, one such water-soluble polymer, polyacrylic acid has been synthesized, characterized and applied to viscose fabric in conjunction with various types of reactive dyes, namely triazinyl, vinyl sulphone, high ex...متن کامل
The separation of reactive, sulfur, and vat dyes from cotton dyeing effluent was investigated by a coagulation process using a cationic polymer electrolyte (PE). The coagulation of dyes was found to be considerably influenced by the amount of added PE and pH of the effluent. High degree of separation, (i.e.-90-99%) could be achieved for all the dyes. The secondary treatment of the PE treated (p...متن کامل
Synthesis and Applications of Three Vinylsulfone Based Fiber-reactive azo Dyes for Dyeing Cotton Fabric
Newfangled vinylsulfone (VS) based fiberreactive dyes were synthesized and applied to mill desized, bleached and mercerized textile fabric (100% cotton). Padthermosol dyeing method was utilized due to less hazardous environmental affects and high dye fixation to optimize dyeing quality parameters i.e. salt concentration, pH, dyeing time and dyeing temperature. The pretreated and dyed cotton fab...متن کامل
Poly(propylene imine) dendrimer caps on mesoporous silica nanoparticles for redox-responsive release: smaller is better.
To elucidate the importance of the size of capping agents in stimulus-induced release systems from mesoporous silica nanoparticles (MSNs), the effectiveness of poly(propylene imine) dendrimers in controlling the model drug release was studied. MCM-41-type MSNs were synthesized and characterized. Fluorescent compounds (fluorescein disodium salt and carboxyfluorescein) were loaded in the porous s...متن کامل
In this study, we investigated the computer colour matching (CCM) of cotton fabrics dyed with reactive dye using the octane-assisted reverse micellar approach. The aim of this study is to evaluate the colour quality and compare the accuracy between CCM forecasting and simulated dyeing produced by conventional water-based dyeing and octane-assisted reverse micellar dyeing. First, the calibration...متن کامل
دوره 11 شماره 1
صفحات 21- 32
تاریخ انتشار 2018-02-01
با دنبال کردن یک ژورنال هنگامی که شماره جدید این ژورنال منتشر می شود به شما از طریق ایمیل اطلاع داده می شود.