The protective effect of Nigella sativa against liver injury: a review
Nigella sativa (Family Ranunculaceae) is a widely used medicinal plant throughout the world. N. sativa is referred in the Middle East as a part of an overall holistic approach to health. Pharmacological properties of N. sativa including immune stimulant, hypotensive, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, antioxidant, hypoglycemic, spasmolytic and bronchodilator have been shown. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) and oxidative stress are known as the major causes of many diseases such as liver injury and many substances and drugs can induce oxidative damage by generation of ROS in the body. Many pharmacological properties of N. sativa are known to be attributed to the presence of thymoquinone and its antioxidant effects. Thymoquinone protects liver from injury via different mechanisms including inhibition of iron-dependent lipid peroxidation, elevation in total thiol content and glutathione level, radical scavengering, increasing the activity of quinone reductase, catalase, superoxide dismutase and glutathione transferase, inhibition of NF-κB activity and inhibition of both cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase. Therefore, this review aimed to highlight the roles of ROS in liver diseases and the mechanisms of N. sativa in prevention of liver injury.
nigella sativa (family ranunculaceae) is a widely used medicinal plant throughout the world. n. sativa is referred in the middle east as a part of an overall holistic approach to health. pharmacological properties of n. sativa including immune stimulant, hypotensive, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, antioxidant, hypoglycemic, spasmolytic and bronchodilator have been shown. reactive oxygen specie...متن کامل
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible protective effect of Nigella sativa oil (NSO) and compared with the N-acetylcysteine (NAC), an antioxidant which is known to have liver protective effects, against thioacetamide (TAA)-induced liver injury. Accordingly, we aimed to investigate the toxicity of a hepatotoxic agent, thioacetamide, compared the NSO and NAC liver preventive effect...متن کامل
Objective: The clinical use of cisplatin is highly restricted, because of its nephrotoxicity.In this study the protective effect of Nigella sativa (N. sativa) against cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity was investigated in rats. Materials and Methods: In the current study, the effects of the administration of aqueous-ethanolic extract of N. sativa (100 and 200 mg/kg, BW) and vitamin E (100 mg/kg, ...متن کامل
Study of the protective effect of Nigella sativa against Cimetidine induced reproductive toxicity in male mice
The present study was designed to investigate some histopathological changes produced by cimetidine on male reproductive organs (testes & epididymis) in mice and extended to examine wherethere using of aqueous suspension of powdered Nigella sativa seeds have ability to reduce this toxicity.Forty male mice were divided into 4 groups. The first group received 25 mg/kg B.W. of cimetidine orally on...متن کامل
The role of Nigella Sativa (NS) was investigated in the prevention of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced liver fibrosis. Twenty seven adult wistar-albino rats were allocated into three groups (control, CCl4-induced hepatotoxicity and hepatotoxicity and NS-treated) and after the treatment, rats were sacrified, blood samples were collected for determination of plasma aminotransferases, malondial...متن کامل
دوره 17 شماره 12
صفحات 958- 966
تاریخ انتشار 2014-12-01
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