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عاملی, احمد

دانشگاه علوم اقتصادی

[ 1 ] - تأثیر آموزش مهارت‌های ارتباطی پرستاران بر رضایتمندی بیماران از خدمات پرستاری در بیمارستان های آموزشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز

Background: Communication is one of the central concepts and an integral part of the nursing profession. This study aimed to determine the effect of communication skills training of nurses on patient satisfaction with nursing staff services in teaching hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.   Materials and Methods: The Comparative study carried out in 2017. The researc...

[ 2 ] - تاثیر تدابیر پرستاری برمیزان بروز دلیریوم در بیماران بستری در بخش مراقبتهای ویژه قلبی بیمارستانهای شهر شیراز

چکیده مقدمه و هدف: پذیرش دربخش مراقبتهای ویژه بطوربالقوه یک حادثه استرس زا است که درآن درد و اختلالات فیزیولوژیکی ناشی ازبیماری حاد همراه با اختلالات عاطفی ثانویه، ممکن است منجربه سندرم بخش مراقبتهای ویژه یا دلیریوم گردد. لذا این مطالعه با هدف بررسی تاثیر تدابیر چندبخشی بر میزان بروزدلیریوم دربیماران بستری دربخش مراقبتهای ویژه قلبی انجام شده است. مواد و روش ها: این مطالعه به روش کار آزمایی بالی...

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[ 5 ] - استفاده از کاندوم در افراد مبتلا به عفونت اچ‌آی‌وی و عوامل مؤثر بر آن

  دریافت: 1/7/91 پذیرش: 2/4/92     مقدمه: در حال حاضر ارتباط جنسی محافظت نشده با افراد معتاد تزریقی مبتلا به عفونت اچ‌آی‌وی مهم‌ترین منبع ابتلای زنان به این عفونت و در نتیجه انتقال عمودی آن به فرزندانشان می‌باشد. هدف از این مطالعه تعیین عوامل مؤثر بر استفاده مداوم از کاندوم در افراد مبتلا به عفونت اچ‌آی‌وی مراجعه کننده به مراکز مشاوره بیماری‌های رفتاری دانشگاه‌های علوم پزشکی شهر تهران بود.   رو...

[ 6 ] - تحلیل ریشه‌ای علل یک حادثه ناخواسته در یک بیمارستان شهر مشهد در سال 1390: گزارش موردی

  دریافت: 1/7/91 پذیرش: 2/4/92     مقدمه: خطاهای پزشکی تهدیدی برای سلامت و رفاه بیماران در سیستم‌های بهداشتی و درمانی می‌باشند. با توجه به اهمیت ایمنی بیمار و پیشگیری از وقوع خطاها روش‌های مختلفی برای شناسایی علل آن وجود دارد که یکی از آن‌ها، تحلیل ریشه‌ای علل می‌باشد. این تکنیک یک تحلیل نظام‌مند علت- اثر است که می‌کوشد مشخص سازد چگونه مسایل مرتبط با بیمار، کارکنان، سیاست‌ها، محیط و فرآیندها در...

[ 7 ] - آنالیز 23 کیست کلدوک بالغین: گزارش کوتاه

Background: Choledochal cyst is a congenital disease of hepatobiliary system. Patients with the disease differ in terms of gender and symptoms. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the patients from clinical signs and symptoms, diagnostic methods and treatment perspectives.Methods: In this retrospective study, we evaluated the data from the medical records of patients with choledochal cyst admit...

[ 8 ] - عود گره حقیقی بندناف: گزارش موردی

Background: True umbilical cord knot is one of the abnormalities of the umbilical cord. Active fetal movements create cord knotting. True umbilical cord knots are rare but may be associated with fetal distress and stillbirth. True umbilical cord knots are capable of impeding blood flow to the fetus.Case presentation: A 26-year old primigravid woman was first treated for genital herpes simplex v...

[ 9 ] - ارتباط پلی‌مورفیسم G/A 971- ژن کلسترول استر ترانسفر پروتیین با الگوی لیپیدی در هیپرلیپیدمی اولیه

Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of death worldwide and hypertriglyceridemia and hypercholesterolemia are major risk factors for the disease. Considering the role of hyperlipidemia as the underlying cause of cardiovascular mortalities and morbidities, and the limited and conflicting results of studies on CETP gene polymorphisms in Iran, we aimed to study -971 G/A poly...

[ 10 ] - بررسی اثر حفاظتی چند گیاه دارویی از خانواده نعناعیان بر سمیت القا‌شده توسط پپتید بتاآمیلویید در سلول‌های PC12

Background: Excessive accumulation of beta-amyliod peptide (Aβ), the major component of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD), causes neuronal cell death through induction of oxidative stress. Therefore, antioxidants may be of use in the treatment of AD. The medicinal plants from the Lamiaceae family have been widely used in Iranian traditional medicine. These plants contain compounds with...

[ 11 ] - شیمی‌درمانی نئواجوانت با رژیم اپی‌روبیسین، اگزالی‌پلاتین و کپیستابین در سرطان موضعی ‌پیشرفته‌ی معده: مطالعه دو ساله

Background: Gastric cancer is an important health problem across the world. Chemotherapy in combination with local treatment is the standard treatment for locally advanced gastroesophageal junction (EGJ) cancers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate response and tolerability to neoadjuvant regimen combining epirobicin, oxaliplatin and capecitabin (EOX) in locoregionally advanced gastric ca...

[ 12 ] - مقایسه سطح پلاسمایی روی در افراد سالم و مبتلا به افزایش فشار خون: یک مطالعه در مرکز قلب تهران

Background: There are conflicting reports about zinc, a trace element, in the pathogenesis of hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of zinc in high blood pressure.Methods: We conducted this study on 80 patients with primary (idiopathic) hypertension and 80 normotensive people with similar age who attended to Tehran Heart Center between 20...

[ 13 ] - بررسی شیوع عفونت سل نهفته با تست پوستی توبرکولین در کودکان کم‌تر در معرض خطر شهر شیراز

Background: Tuberculin skin test (TST) is a readily available test for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). This study was designed to evaluate LTBI in low-risk children aged 1-15 years.Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in Shiraz, Iran, over six months during 2009. Totally, 1289 boys and girls were selected by stratified multistage random sampling from four mun...

[ 14 ] - بررسی مبتلایان حملات ایسکمیک گذرا از نظر وجود ضایعات حاد مغز در MRI با نمای D‏iffusion Weighted: مطالعه 50 بیمار

Background: Finding an acute brain lesion by diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI upon an episode of transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a predictor of imminent stroke in the near future. Therefore, exploring risk factors associated with lesions in DW-MRI of the brain is important in adopting an approach to TIA management. In the current study, we tried to determine the risk factors associated with lesio...

[ 15 ] - استانداردسازی و اعتباریابی ابزار غربالگری اختلالات تکاملی «پرسش‌نامه سنین و مراحل ASQ» در کودکان تهرانی

Background: The aim of this study was to provide a valid Persian version of the Ages and Stages Questionnaires, in order to compensate the lack of developmental screening tools in Iran.Methods: Forward and backward translation, face and content validity determination, and cultural and linguistic adaptation of the questionnaires were performed, consecutively. Next, a pilot study was carried out ...

[ 16 ] - شیوع پوکی استخوان و عوامل موثر بر آن در زنان یائسه مبتلا به آرتریت روماتویید: گزارش کوتاهشیوع پوکی استخوان و عوامل موثر بر آن در زنان یائسه مبتلا به آرتریت روماتویید: گزارش کوتاه

Background: Low bone mass is a serious health problem mostly seen in postmeno-pausal women with rheumatoid arthritis. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis and some related risk factors in postmenopausal women with rheumatoid arthritis.Methods: The data for this descriptive analytical study was extracted from the medical records of 98 postmenopausal women wit...

[ 17 ] - بررسی سوپرآنتی‌ژن‌ها در بافت پولیپ بیماران مبتلا به رینوسینوزیت مزمن در مقایسه با گروه کنترل: گزارش کوتاه

Background: Staphylococcus aureus secretes numerous superantigenes which trigger the inflammatory mechanisms of sinus mucosa and cause chronic rhino-sinusitis. This study was designed to evaluate the role of staphylococcus aureus superantigens in polyp tissues of patients with chronic rhino-sinusitis in comparison with a control group.Methods: Polyp tissue samples of 28 patients and mucosal spe...

[ 18 ] - سندرم  Gitelman:  گزارش موردی

Background: Gitelman syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that typically presents with recurrent muscle cramps, carpopedal spasms, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypocalciuria and hypomagnesemia and high urine magnesium during adolescence. Mutation in the gene encoding for sodium chloride co-transporter in distal convoluted tubule causes electrolyte imbalance.Case presentation: We ...

[ 19 ] - بررسی اثرات تراتوژنیک کافیین و کلومی‌پرامین در جنین رت

Background: Obsessive-compulsive disorders and depression have a high prevalence during pregnancy therefore, pregnant women may take clomipramine and also take other drugs or consume foods that contain caffeine. As investigations about the teratogenic effects of clomipramine and its concurrent administration with caffeine during organogenesis period are scarce, we aimed to study the teratogenic...

[ 20 ] - مقایسه تاثیر اکسی‌توسین وریدی با میزوپروستول رکتال در مرحله سوم زایمان بعد از القاء سقط طبی در سه ماهه دوم حاملگی

Background: Induction of medical abortion during the second trimester of pregnancy is considered under certain medical conditions. Abortion in the second trimester of pregnancy could be accompanied by several side effects including hemorrhage and placenta retention. Several types of medications including oxytocin, ergots, and prostaglandins are used to control and optimize the third stage of la...

[ 21 ] - تعیین همراهی ویروس ابشتین بار با لنفوم منتشر سلول‌های بزرگ B به روش CISH در بیماران با تشخیص لنفوم

Background: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of lymphoma. There are various types of DLBCL including immunoblastic and centroblastic. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a member of Herpes virus family found in all human populations inducing different lymphoproliferative disorders. The role of EBV in the development of DLBCL is known. Multiple laboratory methods are availab...

[ 22 ] - مقایسه آزمون مالامپاتی در حالت‌های نشسته و سوپاین به روش مرسوم و در حین آه کشیدن در پیش‌گویی لارنگوسکوپی و لوله‌گذاری مشکل

Background: Inadequate ventilation, esophageal intubation and difficult intubation are the most common adverse respiratory outcomes in patient undergoing anesthesia .The aim of this study was to compare Mallampati test in supine and sitting positions in traditional approach and during phonation for predicting difficult laryngoscopy and intubation. Methods: In this study performed in Imam Khomei...

[ 23 ] - بررسی تاثیر جهت ترومای سر و حجم پیاز بویایی در بیماران آنوسمیک بعد از تروما

Background: Anosmia is a physical sign in post-traumatic patients, which significantly reduces the quality of life. Anosmia occurs in up to 30% of cases with head trauma. In this study we aimed to compare the Olfactory Bulb Volume (OBV) in patients with posttraumatic anosmia in different impact positions and also with healthy individuals to find the relation between the two variables. Methods: ...

[ 24 ] - هورمون ضد مولری به عنوان پیشگوی پاسخ تخمدان در درمان‌های مربوط به لقاح آزمایشگاهی

Background: Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) is secreted from granulosa cells of growing follicles and is a useful marker of ovarian reserve. Fertility in women is determined by the quality and quantity of follicle pool and ovarian follicular reserve positively correlates with AMH. In this study we aimed to determine if AMH can predict ovarian response in IVF treatments.Methods: In this retrospecti...

[ 25 ] - بررسی اثربخشی مصرف سیمواستاتین همراه با فنوفیبرات بر یافته‌های اکوکاردیوگرافی بیماران مبتلا به بیماری عروق کرونر و اختلال چربی خون: گزارش کوتاه

Background: Various therapeutic protocols have been recommended for treating dyslipidemia, particularly in patients with coronary artery disease. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of statin use with or without fenofibrate on echocardiographic findings of patients with coronary artery disease and dyslipidemia.Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 124 patients with coro...

[ 26 ] - طراحی واکسن مبتنی بر کامپیوتر: گزارش کوتاه

Background: Although the conventional vaccines have been instrumented in the incidence of many infectious diseases, the advances in genetic engineering and bioinformatics have provided the opportunity for developing improved and new vaccines.Methods: Reverse vaccinology was pioneered by a group of researchers investigating development of a vaccine against serogroup B Neisseria meningitidis. Rev...

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[ 32 ] - The Impact of Infertility on Sexual Violence in Women Referring to AL-Zahra Infertility Center in Rasht

Background & objectives: Violence against women is a serious threat to health and human rights. It seem that the level of violence in infertile women to be more than other women. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between infertility and sexual violence in infertile women referred to Alzahra hospital in Rasht. Methods: The analytical-cross sectional study was conducted in 4...

[ 33 ] - Effect of Aerobic Exercises on Memory and Attention in Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Aims: Cognitive disorders is one of the problems of veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The current study aimed at investigating the effects of aerobic exercises on memory and attention in veterans with PTSD. Materials & Methods: The present semi-experimental study with pre-test post-test design and control group was conducted in 2016 among 21 patients with PTSD, who were refer...

[ 34 ] - Design and Evaluation of a Smartphone-Based Application to Manage the Treatment of People with Heart Failure

Abstract Aims: Patients with heart failure need training and support regarding the drug diet, how to use medications, diet, activities, and appropriate action when symptoms occur. The aim of this study was to design and evaluate a smartphone-based application to manage the treatment of people with heart failure. Materials and Methods: In this developmental-applied study with the software design...

[ 35 ] - Effect of Unilateral Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Reaction Time in Veterans and Disabled Athletes

Aims: Recently, Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) has been considered by researchers to improve various processes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of tDCS on reaction time in veterans and disabled athletes. Materials and Methods: This semi-experimental study with pre-test post-test design was conducted in 2018 among all veterans and disabled persons, who were me...

[ 36 ] - Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Logotherapy on Marital Satisfaction of Veterans' Spouses

Aims: Marital satisfaction is one of the factors that can affect not only on the life quality of veterans but also on their families and society. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy and logotherapy on marital satisfaction of veterans' spouses. Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental research with pretest-posttest design, with...

[ 37 ] - The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment-Based Therapy on Assertiveness of Imposed War Veterans' daughters

Objectives: The consequences of war are profound, complex, and continuous and not only stopped