عاملی, احمد

دانشگاه علوم اقتصادی

[ 1 ] - تأثیر آموزش مهارت‌های ارتباطی پرستاران بر رضایتمندی بیماران از خدمات پرستاری در بیمارستان های آموزشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز

Background: Communication is one of the central concepts and an integral part of the nursing profession. This study aimed to determine the effect of communication skills training of nurses on patient satisfaction with nursing staff services in teaching hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.   Materials and Methods: The Comparative study carried out in 2017. The researc...

[ 2 ] - تاثیر تدابیر پرستاری برمیزان بروز دلیریوم در بیماران بستری در بخش مراقبتهای ویژه قلبی بیمارستانهای شهر شیراز

چکیده مقدمه و هدف: پذیرش دربخش مراقبتهای ویژه بطوربالقوه یک حادثه استرس زا است که درآن درد و اختلالات فیزیولوژیکی ناشی ازبیماری حاد همراه با اختلالات عاطفی ثانویه، ممکن است منجربه سندرم بخش مراقبتهای ویژه یا دلیریوم گردد. لذا این مطالعه با هدف بررسی تاثیر تدابیر چندبخشی بر میزان بروزدلیریوم دربیماران بستری دربخش مراقبتهای ویژه قلبی انجام شده است. مواد و روش ها: این مطالعه به روش کار آزمایی بالی...

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[ 5 ] - استفاده از کاندوم در افراد مبتلا به عفونت اچ‌آی‌وی و عوامل مؤثر بر آن

  دریافت: 1/7/91 پذیرش: 2/4/92     مقدمه: در حال حاضر ارتباط جنسی محافظت نشده با افراد معتاد تزریقی مبتلا به عفونت اچ‌آی‌وی مهم‌ترین منبع ابتلای زنان به این عفونت و در نتیجه انتقال عمودی آن به فرزندانشان می‌باشد. هدف از این مطالعه تعیین عوامل مؤثر بر استفاده مداوم از کاندوم در افراد مبتلا به عفونت اچ‌آی‌وی مراجعه کننده به مراکز مشاوره بیماری‌های رفتاری دانشگاه‌های علوم پزشکی شهر تهران بود.   رو...

[ 6 ] - تحلیل ریشه‌ای علل یک حادثه ناخواسته در یک بیمارستان شهر مشهد در سال 1390: گزارش موردی

  دریافت: 1/7/91 پذیرش: 2/4/92     مقدمه: خطاهای پزشکی تهدیدی برای سلامت و رفاه بیماران در سیستم‌های بهداشتی و درمانی می‌باشند. با توجه به اهمیت ایمنی بیمار و پیشگیری از وقوع خطاها روش‌های مختلفی برای شناسایی علل آن وجود دارد که یکی از آن‌ها، تحلیل ریشه‌ای علل می‌باشد. این تکنیک یک تحلیل نظام‌مند علت- اثر است که می‌کوشد مشخص سازد چگونه مسایل مرتبط با بیمار، کارکنان، سیاست‌ها، محیط و فرآیندها در...

[ 7 ] - آنالیز 23 کیست کلدوک بالغین: گزارش کوتاه

Background: Choledochal cyst is a congenital disease of hepatobiliary system. Patients with the disease differ in terms of gender and symptoms. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the patients from clinical signs and symptoms, diagnostic methods and treatment perspectives.Methods: In this retrospective study, we evaluated the data from the medical records of patients with choledochal cyst admit...

[ 8 ] - عود گره حقیقی بندناف: گزارش موردی

Background: True umbilical cord knot is one of the abnormalities of the umbilical cord. Active fetal movements create cord knotting. True umbilical cord knots are rare but may be associated with fetal distress and stillbirth. True umbilical cord knots are capable of impeding blood flow to the fetus.Case presentation: A 26-year old primigravid woman was first treated for genital herpes simplex v...

[ 9 ] - ارتباط پلی‌مورفیسم G/A 971- ژن کلسترول استر ترانسفر پروتیین با الگوی لیپیدی در هیپرلیپیدمی اولیه

Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of death worldwide and hypertriglyceridemia and hypercholesterolemia are major risk factors for the disease. Considering the role of hyperlipidemia as the underlying cause of cardiovascular mortalities and morbidities, and the limited and conflicting results of studies on CETP gene polymorphisms in Iran, we aimed to study -971 G/A poly...

[ 10 ] - بررسی اثر حفاظتی چند گیاه دارویی از خانواده نعناعیان بر سمیت القا‌شده توسط پپتید بتاآمیلویید در سلول‌های PC12

Background: Excessive accumulation of beta-amyliod peptide (Aβ), the major component of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD), causes neuronal cell death through induction of oxidative stress. Therefore, antioxidants may be of use in the treatment of AD. The medicinal plants from the Lamiaceae family have been widely used in Iranian traditional medicine. These plants contain compounds with...

[ 11 ] - شیمی‌درمانی نئواجوانت با رژیم اپی‌روبیسین، اگزالی‌پلاتین و کپیستابین در سرطان موضعی ‌پیشرفته‌ی معده: مطالعه دو ساله

Background: Gastric cancer is an important health problem across the world. Chemotherapy in combination with local treatment is the standard treatment for locally advanced gastroesophageal junction (EGJ) cancers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate response and tolerability to neoadjuvant regimen combining epirobicin, oxaliplatin and capecitabin (EOX) in locoregionally advanced gastric ca...

[ 12 ] - مقایسه سطح پلاسمایی روی در افراد سالم و مبتلا به افزایش فشار خون: یک مطالعه در مرکز قلب تهران

Background: There are conflicting reports about zinc, a trace element, in the pathogenesis of hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of zinc in high blood pressure.Methods: We conducted this study on 80 patients with primary (idiopathic) hypertension and 80 normotensive people with similar age who attended to Tehran Heart Center between 20...

[ 13 ] - بررسی شیوع عفونت سل نهفته با تست پوستی توبرکولین در کودکان کم‌تر در معرض خطر شهر شیراز

Background: Tuberculin skin test (TST) is a readily available test for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). This study was designed to evaluate LTBI in low-risk children aged 1-15 years.Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in Shiraz, Iran, over six months during 2009. Totally, 1289 boys and girls were selected by stratified multistage random sampling from four mun...

[ 14 ] - بررسی مبتلایان حملات ایسکمیک گذرا از نظر وجود ضایعات حاد مغز در MRI با نمای D‏iffusion Weighted: مطالعه 50 بیمار

Background: Finding an acute brain lesion by diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI upon an episode of transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a predictor of imminent stroke in the near future. Therefore, exploring risk factors associated with lesions in DW-MRI of the brain is important in adopting an approach to TIA management. In the current study, we tried to determine the risk factors associated with lesio...

[ 15 ] - استانداردسازی و اعتباریابی ابزار غربالگری اختلالات تکاملی «پرسش‌نامه سنین و مراحل ASQ» در کودکان تهرانی

Background: The aim of this study was to provide a valid Persian version of the Ages and Stages Questionnaires, in order to compensate the lack of developmental screening tools in Iran.Methods: Forward and backward translation, face and content validity determination, and cultural and linguistic adaptation of the questionnaires were performed, consecutively. Next, a pilot study was carried out ...

[ 16 ] - شیوع پوکی استخوان و عوامل موثر بر آن در زنان یائسه مبتلا به آرتریت روماتویید: گزارش کوتاهشیوع پوکی استخوان و عوامل موثر بر آن در زنان یائسه مبتلا به آرتریت روماتویید: گزارش کوتاه

Background: Low bone mass is a serious health problem mostly seen in postmeno-pausal women with rheumatoid arthritis. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis and some related risk factors in postmenopausal women with rheumatoid arthritis.Methods: The data for this descriptive analytical study was extracted from the medical records of 98 postmenopausal women wit...

[ 17 ] - بررسی سوپرآنتی‌ژن‌ها در بافت پولیپ بیماران مبتلا به رینوسینوزیت مزمن در مقایسه با گروه کنترل: گزارش کوتاه

Background: Staphylococcus aureus secretes numerous superantigenes which trigger the inflammatory mechanisms of sinus mucosa and cause chronic rhino-sinusitis. This study was designed to evaluate the role of staphylococcus aureus superantigens in polyp tissues of patients with chronic rhino-sinusitis in comparison with a control group.Methods: Polyp tissue samples of 28 patients and mucosal spe...

[ 18 ] - سندرم  Gitelman:  گزارش موردی

Background: Gitelman syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that typically presents with recurrent muscle cramps, carpopedal spasms, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypocalciuria and hypomagnesemia and high urine magnesium during adolescence. Mutation in the gene encoding for sodium chloride co-transporter in distal convoluted tubule causes electrolyte imbalance.Case presentation: We ...

[ 19 ] - بررسی اثرات تراتوژنیک کافیین و کلومی‌پرامین در جنین رت

Background: Obsessive-compulsive disorders and depression have a high prevalence during pregnancy therefore, pregnant women may take clomipramine and also take other drugs or consume foods that contain caffeine. As investigations about the teratogenic effects of clomipramine and its concurrent administration with caffeine during organogenesis period are scarce, we aimed to study the teratogenic...

[ 20 ] - مقایسه تاثیر اکسی‌توسین وریدی با میزوپروستول رکتال در مرحله سوم زایمان بعد از القاء سقط طبی در سه ماهه دوم حاملگی

Background: Induction of medical abortion during the second trimester of pregnancy is considered under certain medical conditions. Abortion in the second trimester of pregnancy could be accompanied by several side effects including hemorrhage and placenta retention. Several types of medications including oxytocin, ergots, and prostaglandins are used to control and optimize the third stage of la...

[ 21 ] - تعیین همراهی ویروس ابشتین بار با لنفوم منتشر سلول‌های بزرگ B به روش CISH در بیماران با تشخیص لنفوم

Background: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of lymphoma. There are various types of DLBCL including immunoblastic and centroblastic. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a member of Herpes virus family found in all human populations inducing different lymphoproliferative disorders. The role of EBV in the development of DLBCL is known. Multiple laboratory methods are availab...

[ 22 ] - مقایسه آزمون مالامپاتی در حالت‌های نشسته و سوپاین به روش مرسوم و در حین آه کشیدن در پیش‌گویی لارنگوسکوپی و لوله‌گذاری مشکل

Background: Inadequate ventilation, esophageal intubation and difficult intubation are the most common adverse respiratory outcomes in patient undergoing anesthesia .The aim of this study was to compare Mallampati test in supine and sitting positions in traditional approach and during phonation for predicting difficult laryngoscopy and intubation. Methods: In this study performed in Imam Khomei...

[ 23 ] - بررسی تاثیر جهت ترومای سر و حجم پیاز بویایی در بیماران آنوسمیک بعد از تروما

Background: Anosmia is a physical sign in post-traumatic patients, which significantly reduces the quality of life. Anosmia occurs in up to 30% of cases with head trauma. In this study we aimed to compare the Olfactory Bulb Volume (OBV) in patients with posttraumatic anosmia in different impact positions and also with healthy individuals to find the relation between the two variables. Methods: ...

[ 24 ] - هورمون ضد مولری به عنوان پیشگوی پاسخ تخمدان در درمان‌های مربوط به لقاح آزمایشگاهی

Background: Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) is secreted from granulosa cells of growing follicles and is a useful marker of ovarian reserve. Fertility in women is determined by the quality and quantity of follicle pool and ovarian follicular reserve positively correlates with AMH. In this study we aimed to determine if AMH can predict ovarian response in IVF treatments.Methods: In this retrospecti...

[ 25 ] - بررسی اثربخشی مصرف سیمواستاتین همراه با فنوفیبرات بر یافته‌های اکوکاردیوگرافی بیماران مبتلا به بیماری عروق کرونر و اختلال چربی خون: گزارش کوتاه

Background: Various therapeutic protocols have been recommended for treating dyslipidemia, particularly in patients with coronary artery disease. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of statin use with or without fenofibrate on echocardiographic findings of patients with coronary artery disease and dyslipidemia.Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 124 patients with coro...

[ 26 ] - طراحی واکسن مبتنی بر کامپیوتر: گزارش کوتاه

Background: Although the conventional vaccines have been instrumented in the incidence of many infectious diseases, the advances in genetic engineering and bioinformatics have provided the opportunity for developing improved and new vaccines.Methods: Reverse vaccinology was pioneered by a group of researchers investigating development of a vaccine against serogroup B Neisseria meningitidis. Rev...

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[ 32 ] - The Impact of Infertility on Sexual Violence in Women Referring to AL-Zahra Infertility Center in Rasht

Background & objectives: Violence against women is a serious threat to health and human rights. It seem that the level of violence in infertile women to be more than other women. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between infertility and sexual violence in infertile women referred to Alzahra hospital in Rasht. Methods: The analytical-cross sectional study was conducted in 4...

[ 33 ] - Effect of Aerobic Exercises on Memory and Attention in Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Aims: Cognitive disorders is one of the problems of veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The current study aimed at investigating the effects of aerobic exercises on memory and attention in veterans with PTSD. Materials & Methods: The present semi-experimental study with pre-test post-test design and control group was conducted in 2016 among 21 patients with PTSD, who were refer...

[ 34 ] - Design and Evaluation of a Smartphone-Based Application to Manage the Treatment of People with Heart Failure

Abstract Aims: Patients with heart failure need training and support regarding the drug diet, how to use medications, diet, activities, and appropriate action when symptoms occur. The aim of this study was to design and evaluate a smartphone-based application to manage the treatment of people with heart failure. Materials and Methods: In this developmental-applied study with the software design...

[ 35 ] - Effect of Unilateral Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation on Reaction Time in Veterans and Disabled Athletes

Aims: Recently, Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) has been considered by researchers to improve various processes. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of tDCS on reaction time in veterans and disabled athletes. Materials and Methods: This semi-experimental study with pre-test post-test design was conducted in 2018 among all veterans and disabled persons, who were me...

[ 36 ] - Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Logotherapy on Marital Satisfaction of Veterans' Spouses

Aims: Marital satisfaction is one of the factors that can affect not only on the life quality of veterans but also on their families and society. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy and logotherapy on marital satisfaction of veterans' spouses. Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental research with pretest-posttest design, with...

[ 37 ] - The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment-Based Therapy on Assertiveness of Imposed War Veterans' daughters

Objectives: The consequences of war are profound, complex, and continuous and not only stopped by suffering the survived individuals of war from physical and mental disorders or damages, but also penetrate to their families and caregivers. The objective of the present study is to study the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment based therapy on the assertiveness of imposed war veterans' dau...

[ 38 ] - Effectiveness of Time Perspective Therapy on Increasing Psychological Well-Being and Happiness in Veterans with PTSD

Aim(s): Time perspective therapy is one of the modern treatments that in recent years has been used in order to decrease the symptoms of the disorder and increasing the quality of life in patients with PTSD. In this regard, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of time perspective therapy on increasing the psychological well-being and happiness of veterans with PTSD....

[ 39 ] - Correlation between Resilience and Mental Health with Lifestyle and Parenting Styles of Veterans' Spouses A Case Study of Ardakan City

Aim(s): The physical and mental problems that exist among the veterans have the greatest impact on their spouses, which affects the whole family. The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between lifestyle and parenting style with resiliency and mental health of veterans' spouses. Instruments & Methods: This descriptive-correlational study was carried out on 170 people of ...

[ 40 ] - Effect of Subjective Well-being and Quality of Work Life on Job Commitment of Hospital Staff

Aims: Job commitment is one of the characteristics of a positive relationship between an organization and its employees that makes it effective and conducive the performance of the organization. Regarding the importance of this issue, the present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the effect of subjective well-being and quality of work life on job commitment of staff of Isar Hosp...

[ 41 ] - Effectiveness of Stress Management Training on Reducing Perceived Stress in Veterans with PTSD

Aims: In Iran, a significant group of warriors and veterans suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Efforts have been made to evaluate a variety of psychological treatments. This study aimed at determining the effectiveness of stress management training on reducing perceived stress in veterans with PTSD. Materials and Methods: In this semi-experimental study with pre-test and post-te...

[ 42 ] - Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy on the Competitive-State Anxiety of warfare victims who are Professional Athletes

Aim: The aim of the present study was to determine the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment Therapy on the competitive-state anxiety of warfare victims who are football athletes in Yazd province. Method: This study was a semi experimental research with two-group and post-pretest and follow up. The population consisted of all warfare victims who are athletes in Yazd province in 2013-2012. ...

[ 43 ] - Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on Anxious Thoughts of Wives of Veterans with Amputation

Aims: Amputation is the most disturbing and damaging thing a person may experience in his or her life. The aim of the present research was to investigate the effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on anxious thoughts of wives of veterans with amputation. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study with pre-test post-test design with control group, 28 wives of veterans with am...

[ 44 ] - Effect of Selective Home-Based Exercises on Chronic Low Back Pain in Unilateral Below Knee Amputees

Aims: Different studies have shown different effects of exercise on low back pain. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of selective home-based exercises on chronic low back pain in unilateral below knee amputees. Materials and Methods: In this randomized controlled clinical trial with pretest-posttest design conducted in 2016, 53 unilateral below knee amputees with chronic lo...

[ 45 ] - Prediction of Emotional Empathy in the Wives of Veterans by Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies and Resilience

Aims: After the end of the war and the return of the warriors to the family, due to the stresses of the war and its devastating effect on the people's spirits, the adverse effects of war on the family, especially their wives, continue. The aim of this study was the prediction of emotional empathy by cognitive emotion regulation strategies and resilience in the wives of veterans. Instruments and...

[ 46 ] - Mediating Role of Psychological Security in the Relationship between Optimism and Self-Compassion with Psychological Well-Being in Veterans’ Spouses

Aims: After the end of the war and the return of the warriors to the family, due to the stresses of the war and its devastating effect on the spirit and soul of the veterans, the adverse effects of war on the family, especially the spous, continue.The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating role of psychological security in the relationship between optimism and self-compassion with p...

[ 47 ] - Comparing the Quality of Life and the Ability to Perform Daily Activities in Elderly and Middle-Aged Monocular Veterans

Aims: Aging is an inevitable part of human life, which is associated with reduced ability, increased dependence, and susceptibility to a variety of diseases. Those who experience this period with previous long-term injuries are exposed to more difficulties. The aim of this study was to compare the quality of life and the ability to perform daily activities in elderly and middle-aged monocular v...

[ 48 ] - Effect of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Glaucium flavum Crantz on Thyroid Hormones in Alloxan Diabetic Rats

Background: Thyroid dysfunction is one of the controversial complications of diabetes. Given the hypoglycemic properties of Yellow Horne Poppy (YHP), this study was conducted to evaluate the effect of oral administration of aqua-ethanolic extract of YHP and glibenclamide on serum level of T3 and T4 hormones in alloxan diabetic rats compared to healthy rats. Materials and Methods: In this exper...

[ 49 ] - Antibacterial Effect Leaf Extract of Avicennia marina on Standard and Clinical Strains of Acinetobacter baumannii

Background: Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic pathogen and a nosocomial infection agent. Antibiotic resistance in this organism results in serious health problem such as treatment failure and increased mortality. Mangrove plants, especially Avicennia marina, are a potential bioresource for new drugs as they have been used in traditional medicine. This study aimed to investigate antib...

[ 50 ] - Design, Synthesis and Labeling of Tripeptide Derivatives with 99mTc as Hypoxia Imaging Agents

Background: Many diseases, including cancer, ischemia and tumors show degrees of tissue hypoxia.Therefore, it is useful to detect tissue hypoxia with compounds that can penetrate and remain in hypoxic cells in order to diagnose cancer at early stages. Peptides with low molecular weight, susceptible to redox environment, with easier penetration into tissues and low antigenic characteristics are ...

[ 51 ] - Knowledge and Attitude of Clients and Staff of Shohadaye- Khalije-Fars Hospital Towards Decision Making on Organ Donation

Background: Organ transplant is considered the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage organ disorders. This process improves recipient’s longevity and quality of life. However, organ shortage for transplantation has remained an unresolved global issue. One of the primary sources of organ donation is brain-dead bodies. The most important factor that impedes the success of donation is la...

[ 52 ] - Simultaneous Occurrence of Turner Syndrome and Robertsonian Translocation in a Girl with Short Stature: A Case Report

Short stature is an important clinical feature of Turner syndrome (TS). In this report, a girl with short stature suspected to have Turner syndrome underwent cytogenetic analysis, which confirmd Turner syndrome by observing sex chromosomal monosomy using the karyotype test. In addition to Turner syndrome, Robertsonian (ROB) translocation t(13;14) was detected. As recommended by a genetic counse...

[ 53 ] - Evaluating the Recovery Process of Renal Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Rats Using Small-Animal SPECT

Background: Renal injuries associated with ischemia/reperfusion are a prevalent clinical phenomenon that can cause the emergence of progressive kidney diseases, eventually leading to chronic kidney injuries. The present study was conducted to evaluate the results obtained from non-invasive imaging using small-animal SPECT and investigate the recovery process in an animal model of renal ischemia...

[ 54 ] - Phytochemical Properties and Inhibitory and Antioxidant Effects of the Decoction, Infusion and Hydro-Alcoholic Extract of Nepeta Race-mosa on α-Amylase and α-Glucosidase

Background: As an important plant belonging to the Nepeta genus, Nepeta racemosa has been reported to be widely used in traditional medicine. The present study was conducted to investigate the phytochemical content and antioxidant and antidiabetic potential of the decoction, infusion and hydro-alcoholic extract of this plant. Materials and Methods: The total phenolic content of the samples was ...

[ 55 ] - Serum Levels of Interferon-Gamma in Patients with Diabetic Retinopathy

Background: In recent years, numerous studies have addressed the role of other factors, especially the immune system, on developing diabetic retinopathy. Given the role of  interferons in regulating immune system activities, the present study was conducted to investigate serum levels of interferon-gamma in patients with diabetic retinopathy. Materials and Methods: The present research was condu...

[ 56 ] - Compliance with Glaucoma Therapy with Eye Drops and its Determinants in Glaucoma Pa-tients Presenting to Clinics Affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences

Background: The present study was conducted to investigate medication compliance and its determinants in glaucoma patients presenting to Shahid Motahari Clinic affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. The correlation between quality of life and the level of medication compliance was also evaluated in these patients. Materials and Methods: The present descriptive-analyt...

[ 57 ] - Effects of Teaching Ergonomic Principles on Working Status in Dental Students

Background: Dentistry is considered a high-risk profession for developing musculoskeletal disorders, which can be prevented by resorting to ergonomics training. The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of ergonomics training on working status in dental students. Materials and Methods: The present quasi-interventional study was conducted in 2017 on 57 students of a clinic affili...

[ 58 ] - Effects of Quercetin on Improving the Damage Caused by Free Radicals in the Rat Models of Multiple Sclerosis

Background: Medicinal herbs have been used for managing various diseases for many years. Quercetin is a member of flavonoid family with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. This study aimed to investigate the beneficial potential of quercetin in ameliorating experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, EAE was induced in male Wist...

[ 59 ] - Effects of Alcoholic Extract of Portulaca Oleracea on Modulation of Neuropathic and Acute Pain in Rats

Background: Portulaca Oleracea is a medicinal plant with many effects including analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. This study aimed to investigate the effect of alcoholic extract of Portulaca Olerecea on CCI model of neuropathic pain (Bennet & Xie model) and acute thermal pain induced by Tail Flick. Materials and Methods: Adult male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g were used. Sensitivity...

[ 60 ] - The Effect of Adding Alginate Natural Polymer on the Structure of Polyvinyl Alcohol Biocompatible Nanofibers in Electrospinning Process

Background: Nowadays, in order to preserve the environment and sustainable development, the use of natural and renewable resources is a priority for industries. High performance and specific structure of nano-biocompatible materials has attracted researchers. In this research, alginate polymer, which is generally obtained from marine sources such as algae, was added to polyvinyl alcohol nanofi...

[ 61 ] - Cutaneuous Leishmaniasis Incidence and Annu-al Climatic Variations: A Statistical Analysis, Case Study of Mashhad, Iran

Background Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is an important infection with a high incidence rate. The spatiotemporal dynamics of this disease is mainly determined by three main components of parasite, reservoir and vector. Climatic factors can significantly affect its incidence through their impact on these components. Materials and Methods: The present study aimed to assess the effects of climat...

[ 62 ] - A Case Report of a Novel Balanced Reciprocal Translocation t(2;14)(q11;q24) in a Young Woman with Two Pregnancy Losses

Reciprocal chromosome translocations, especially balanced rearrangements are known to be one of the main causes of recurrent miscarriage. In this case report, we performed the clinical and cytogenetic analysis on a young couple with two pregnancy losses. Though the couple had a normal clinical study, the cytogenetic analysis revealed a balanced reciprocal translocation of t(2;14)(q11;q24) where...

[ 63 ] - The Effects of Marine Algae on Osteoporosis

Background: Osteoporosis is a prevalent bone disease caused by an imbalance between bone formation and resorption.  Nutritional factors are involved in the preven­tion of osteoporosis. Several treatments exist for osteoporosis including bisphosphonates, parathyroid hormone, estrogen therapy, and hormone therapy, which have their own side effects. In the quest for an appropriate treatment for os...

[ 64 ] - Folk Medicine and Traditional Medicine in Kamercheh Oliya Village in Torbatejaam

Background: The village of Kamercheh Oliya in the Moosa-abad plain is located in the central part of Torbat-e-jaam city, Khorasan Razavi province. Over the years, its population has migrated to the province’s center and Mashhad for employment and the village now has about 100 inhabitants. The Kamercheh Oliya has kept many of its traditions, customs, and ceremonies because of being far from the ...

[ 65 ] - Comparative Study of Jaundice Treatment in Traditional Medicine of Iran, in Some Areas of South and North

Background: Icterus / Jaundice is a type of gastrointestinal and abdominal disorder that is associated with a change in color and yellowish of the patient's skin and eyes. In terms of traditional Iranian medicine, jaundice is a liver dysfunction and a type of biliary atashi disease, which ancient physicians described as a yellowish or black coloration of the body. The disease is treated among d...

[ 66 ] - Anthropological Analysis of Pir-e patr Healing as Presence in the Ultrastructure Community and Reintegration the Patient's Identity

Background: The “Pir-e patr” ritual is one of the healing ceremonies among Baluchs (Baluchis) of Iran, which is similar to other rituals with elements such as music, spirituality and spiritual hierarchy. In this ritual, the formation of the healing process can be seen in the form of a threshold process with the emergence of an ultra-structured community. The purpose of this research is to ident...

[ 67 ] - The Folk Medicine Culture of Yazd Jews

Background: The current population of the Yazd Jews is the survivors of a very large and ancient congregation of this people in central Iran. The long inhabitancy of this people in Yazd during the history of Islamic Iran, on one hand, and the current small numbers of these people, demonstrates the necessity of a comprehensive ethnography of this population. The present study aims to collect, st...

[ 68 ] - The prevalence of musculoskeletal complaints in the city of Isfahan during the year 2017

Introduction: Despite much research on musculoskeletal disorders caused by labor in industry, workshops are less studied than other groups .For example, to date, a similar study on a Toreutics job has not taken place The present.this study aims to assess the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in the Toreutics workers the city of Isfahan . Methods and Materials: In the descriptive-analytic ...

[ 69 ] - The Effect of Acupressure on Initiation of Labor In Term Pregnancy

Introduction Acupressure is one of the natural methods of labor induction but limited study has been done to evaluate its effectiveness. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of acupressure for the initiation of labor. Methods: A randomized clinical trial was carried out at the Ganjavian hospital Dezful-Iran 2010. Eighty nulliparous women with uncomplicated pregnancy, single...

[ 70 ] - Evaluation of the Histological Method in Quantitative Detection of Unauthorized Tissues (chicken skin and bone) in Reconstructed Kabab Loghme and Kielbasa

Introduction: Nowadays, consumption of meat and meat products have increased throughout the world. Regarding the economic values of meat, unauthorized tissues can be used in producing meat products. This study was conducted to detect unauthorized tissues in raw and processed meat products. Methods: Samples of Kabab loghme (70% meat) and kielbasa (30% and 90 % meat), each containing 5, 10, 15, ...

[ 71 ] - The Effect of Scheduling on Operating Room Utilization at an Affiliated Hospital of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences in Yazd

Introduction: Resource management and efficiency analysis assist the hospitals in controlling the expenses and optimum utilization. Operating room (OR) is a critical department in a hospital and its performance highly affects the financial resources. The current study tried to measure OR utilization at a University Hospital of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences in Yazd. Methods: Th...

[ 73 ] - Fabrication of cu based metal-organic framework / graphene Nanocomposite and study electrochemical performance in supercapacitors

High conductivity and high level of electrolyte availability are the main requirements of active materials used in supercapacitors (SCs) to achieve high electrochemical efficiency. In recent years, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been used as electrode materials for SCs due to their suitability of porosity and high surface area. However, using single-component MOFs in supercapacitors resul...

[ 74 ] - Preparation of Ceramic Composite Filter with Titanium Oxide Nanoparticles and Active Carbon Content for Treatment of Sea Water

In this mentioned study for sea water treatment ceramic composites were made from natural alumina and adsorbent active ingredients. According to the experimental results, filters along with active agents have acceptable effects on drinking water parameters and contaminants in compare with 1053 ISIRI standard. Modular set up was made for sea water treatment tests. Water flowrate after filtration...

[ 75 ] - Preparation ZrO2 ceramic coating by electrolytic plasma oxidation and study of the effect of monoclinic/tetragonal phases on the corrosion resistance of the coating

In this paper, zirconium oxide ceramics coating (ZrO2) were produced on Zircaloy-4 alloy using plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO). Sodium silicate and Sodium aluminate based electrolyte was selected in PEO process and the effects of the concentration of Sodium aluminate (0, 2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10 g/L) on the microstructure, phase structure and the behavior of corrosion of formed coatings. In orde...

[ 76 ] - Fabrication and study of color and physical properties for cobalt silicate-titanite ceramic pigment by sol-gel method

Cobalt-based blue ceramic pigments are widely used in ceramic industries due to characteristics such as temperature stability, chemical stability and high resistance to these coatings. In this research, the blue silicate - titanate cobalt ceramic pigment is synthesized by sol-gel method and the dispersed pigments were printed on the ceramic by silk screen printing method in the industrial produ...

[ 77 ] - Effects of some physico-chemical parameters of water and substrate sediments on abundance and biomass of Streblospio gynobranchiata (Annelida, Spionidae) in the Southeast of Caspian Sea (Goharbaran)

This study was carried out in line with the Caspian Sea water transportation program to the central plateau on the Southeast shores of the Caspian Sea (Goharbaran region) since 2013-2014. Sampling was performed monthly and there were 8 stations at depths of 5, 10 and 15 meters in 2 transects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between some physico-chemical parameters...

[ 78 ] - Transformation and gene expression study of recombinant fish GnRH in E. coli BL21 in order to produce recombinant hormone

Gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) is a neuropeptide known to regulate reproduction in vertebrates. Different analogues of synthetic GnRH are used to induce final sexual maturation in fish breeders. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the expression of recombinant GnRH (rGnRH) in Escherichia coli BL21 to produce recombinant hormone. In the present research, the sequence of DNA relat...

[ 79 ] - The case study of Ceratium hirundinella as a sign of an environment changes in the center of Iranian coasts of Caspian Sea (Farah Abad-2018)

Ceratium hirundinella is considered as a biological indicator in the environmental and climate changes. In the summer of 2018, the presence of Ceratium hirundinella reported in the Iranian region of the Caspian Sea. So the present study conducted to survey trend of Ceratium hirundinella fluctuations in the Iranian basin of the Caspian Sea during the last 3 decay. The study showed that in the wi...

[ 80 ] - The Relationship between Breastfeeding and Dietary Patterns of Children Aged 7 to 10 Years

Background and Objectives: Evidence suggests that children's dietary preferences may be related to the type of feeding in the first year of life. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between breastfeeding and dietary patterns in children aged 7 to 10 years.  Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in 388 children (aged 7-10 years), who were recruited ...

[ 81 ] - The Effect of 12 Weeks of Aerobic Training with or without Dietary Restriction on the Expression Levels of SIRT3, PGC1-α and SOD2 of Soleusmuscle in Male Rats

Background and Objectives: Background and Objectives: Recently, synergistic effect of dietary restriction (DR) on the exercise induced adaptations has attracted the attention of researchers. The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of 12 weeks of dietary restriction with or without aerobic training on the gene expression or mRNA of SIRT3, PGC1-α and SOD2 proteins of soleusmuscle tiss...

[ 82 ] - Qualitative Variations of Macrobrachium nipponense Tiny Shrimp from Bandar Anzali International Lagoon by Three Dryers during Six Months Storage

Background and Objectives: With recent declines in aquaculture resources, the use of new protein sources has expanded; as a result, it is necessary to use tiny shrimp of Anzali International Lagoon  for its high nutritional value.  Materials & Methods: Macrobrachium nipponense non-native shrimp, after catching and washing with cold water, was dried in cabinet, oven and under vacuum dryers at 7...

[ 83 ] - The Effect of Aerobic Training and Adenosine on the Expression of SREBP-1C and A1 Receptor in Hepatic Fat-fed Rats

Background and Objectives: Few studies have examined so far the effect of adenosine receptors’ injection and its downstream pathway on the liver’s fat metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate the type of aerobic exercise and adenosine on the expression of sterol regulatory binding protein 1c SREBP-1c and the adenosine receptor A1 in the liver in the rats fed with high-fat foods. Mat...

[ 84 ] - The Effect of 8-week Sprint Interval Training with Consuming Saffron Extract on the Factors Affecting Longevity in Male Rats

Background and Objectives: Considering the significance of mitochondrial biogenesis in physiological processes and the role of antioxidants thereof, the effect of saffron supplement on mitochondrial biogenesis with regard to high-intensity training has not be investigated so far. Therefore, the current study aims to explore the effect of eight weeks of sprint interval training with consuming sa...

[ 85 ] - Investigation on the Adding Effect of Subcritical Water Extracts from Pistachio Hull for Increasing the Stability of Soybean Oil

Background and Objectives: Nowadays given to the fact that a large volume of agricultural waste is produced annually in different parts of industry and agriculture and most of these wastes are abandoned or burned without any change in nature, the need to use and find the application of agricultural waste has become particularly important.  Materials and Methods: One of the agricultural product...

[ 86 ] - Production of Cereal- based Probiotic Beverage Optimized by Response Surface Methodology and Investigation of Its Properties

Background and Objectives: In general, most probiotic products are dairy-based and a few efforts have been made to develop probiotic products using other substrates such as cereal grains. Rice can be used as a basis for the production of many functional foods. However, rice in Iran is mostly consumed as plate food rather than in the formulation of relevant functional foods. In this study, the r...

[ 87 ] - Identification and Analysis of the Migration of Primary Aromatic Amines from Flexible Food Packaging by High-performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)

Background and Objectives: Primary Aromatic Amines (PAAs) are contaminants that can migrate from food flexible packaging. The main origin of these compounds is polyurethane adhesives used in the laminating process of multilayer films. Residual aromatic di-isocyanates of the reaction of adhesive polymerization migrate into the food, and are hydrolyzed to PAAs by the moisture of food. 2,4- and 2,...

[ 88 ] - T Evaluation of genes effect and combining ability in selected maize (Zea mays L.) lines

Maize is one of the most important grain and forage plants that has a unique role in the food and feed, especially poultry feed. To study the genetic effects, genes act and identify the best hybrid combination for morphological traits, experiment was carried out in diallel cross layout using 19 parents at Gorgan Agricultural Research Station, Iran in 2013. The progenies were planted in three re...

[ 89 ] - Effect of planting pattern and fertilizer source on plant characteristics of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) and chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in intercroppung

To study the effect of fertilizer and planting pattern on chickpea and linseed plant traits in dryland farming, a field experiment was conducted in factorial layout based on randomized complete block design with three replications in Naqadeh, Iran during growing season of 2016-2017. Treatments were included six substitutive cropping patterns; sole cropping of chickpea, sole cropping of linseed,...

[ 90 ] - Effect of seed priming and application of cytokinin and auxin on growth and grain yield of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under Ahvaz climatic conditions

In order to evaluate the effect of seed priming and application of cytokinin and auxin on grain yield of wheat cv. Chamran, an experiment was carried out in Agriculture Faculty of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz, Iran, during 2015-2016 and 2016-2017 growing seasons. Experiment was carried out in a factorial arrangement based on randomized complete block design with three replications. Treatm...

[ 91 ] - Assessment of phyllochron and leaf development indices of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) cultivars in southern Khuzestan climatic conditions

Identify the indices of leaf growth and development and study of phyllochron in commercial cultivars of sugarcane with the aim of better management of agricultural practices is very important. A field experiment was conducted in Amir Kabir Agroindustry in the south of Khuzestan, Iran in 2015-16 in randomized complete block design with three replications. The sugarcane cultivars included; CP69-1...

[ 92 ] - Evaluation of genes effect and combining ability in selected maize (Zea mays L.) lines

To evaluate radiation use efficiency and weed control, this experiment was conducted in two locations in Ahwaz, Iran, in a randomized complete block design with 14 treatments and four replications in 2016-2017. Treatments included: Sole sugarcane, Sole soybean, Sole cowpea, Sole soybean+rhizobium, Sole cowpea+rhizobium, Sole sugarcane+mycorrhizal, Intercropping sugarcane with cowpea, Intercropp...

[ 93 ] - Effect of nitrogen supplying sources on nitrogen use efficiency in rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Shiroudi)

The use of nitrogen fertilizer has a key role in enhancing agricultural productivity worldwide. In order to achieve an effective approach to enhance nitrogen use efficiency in rice, a field experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with three replications and 13 treatments on Shiroudi, a high yielding rice cultivar in Rice Research Institute of Iran (Amol) in 2015 and 2016....

[ 94 ] - The Effect of Preservative Solutions Containing Benzyl Adenine and Salicylic Acid on the Vase Life of Lily cv. Fangio

The current study was conducted to investigate the effect of 24-hour short treatment of benzyl adenine (zero and 0.1 mM) and salicylic acid (zero, 0.001, 0.01, 0.1 and 1.0 mM) on the vase life of Lily cv. Fangio. The measured traits were leaf fresh weight (on zero, first, third, and seventh days), the contents of anthocyanin, flavonoids, carotenoids, chlorophylls a, b and total (on zero and sev...

[ 95 ] - Effect of Pine Wood Vinegar on Germination, Growth and Physiological Characteristics, and Uptake of Elements in Basil

The use of organic materials is increasing in agriculture and industrial products due to their less side effects than chemical materials. In order to study the effect of pine wood vinegar (Pyroligneous acid) on growth and physiological traits of basil, two experiments were designed and conducted in 2014, based on a completely randomized design with 6 treatments (0, 1250, 2000, 2500, 3333 and 50...

[ 96 ] - Mutation Induction and Creation of Variation in Strawberry, Kurdistan Cultivar, by Gamma Irradiation and Determination of Suitable Irradiation Dosage

Genetic diversity in strawberry is low due to its asexual propagation. One method of increasing genetic diversity, as an important tool in plant breeding, is the use of gamma rays to induce mutation. In order to determine the appropriate dosage of gamma irradiation for genetic diversity creation by mutation in strawberry, Kurdistan cultivar, and to study the influence of various doses of gamma ...

[ 97 ] - Effect of Different Growing Media and Super Absorbent on Vegetative and Reproductive Growth of Bell Pepper under Salinity Stress Conditions

The use of suitable substrate for vegetable production may reduce losses in production caused by salinity. In order to determine suitable substrate for bell pepper cv. 'California Wonder' under salinity stress conditions, a factorial experiment based on completely randomized design with 4 replications was performed. The experiment consisted of three factors of substrate (coconut fibre, 50% fine...

[ 98 ] - Determination of Economic Value of Agricultural Water in Greenhouse Cultivation of Qazvin Plain

Water valuation is one of the most important economic instruments for managing the increasing demand for water in agriculture. Hence, the main objective of this study is to estimate the economic value of water in greenhouse cultivation in Qazvin plain. To achieve the desired goals, the Positive Mathematical Programming (PMP) was used. In this research, the economic value of agricultural water w...

[ 99 ] - Biocontrol strategy, Compost, Soil-borne pathogens management

The effect of different compost-soil ratios on the incidence of Pythium aphanidermatum causing tomato damping off was tested in a greenhouse experiment. The inoculum density of 5% was determined to be suitable for inoculation in compost experiments based on investigations of disease incidence with 5, 10 and 20% inoculum densities. To evaluate the effect of compost on incidence of tomato damping...

[ 100 ] - The Effect of Different Concentrations of Potassium and Calcium of Nutrient Solution on Growth and Flowering of Lisianthus (Eustoma Grandiflorum (Raf.) Shiann

To investigate the effects of nutrient-solution concentrations of potassium (K) and calcium (Ca), as well as different ratios of K/Ca, on growth and flowering of lisianthus (Eustoma grandiflorum) under soilless culture conditions, a factorial experiment was conducted with two factors including two K levels (300 and 400 mg/L) and three Ca levels (80, 100 and 160 mg/L). Results showed that K= 400...

[ 101 ] - Effect of Seed Priming by Salicylic Acid and Paclobutrazol on some Agronomical and Physiological Traits of Parsley (Petroselinum Sativum Mill.) under Drought Stress

In order to investigate the effects of seed priming by salicylic acid (SA) and Paclobutrazol (Pa) on parsley, as a medicinal plant, under drought stress, a factorial experiment, based on completely randomized design with four replications, was performed at the Research Greenhouse and Laboratory of Department of Horticulture, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili. Experimental treatments included fiv...

[ 102 ] - Effect of Foliar Application of Silica on some Growth, Biochemical and Reproductive Characteristics and Leaf Elements of Chrysanthemum (Dendranthema×Grandiflorum cv. Fellbacher Wein)

This research was aimed at investigating the effects of foliar application of calcium silicate and sodium silicate on growth and biochemical characteristics and leaf elements of chrysanthemum. This study was conducted as a factorial with completely randomized design and silica source at two levels (calcium silicate and sodium silicate) and concentration of silica at five levels (0 (control), 50...

[ 103 ] - Effect of Cucurbita Rootstocks and Water Deficit on Growth Properties and Yield of Cucumber

Water supply in arid and semiarid regions of the world is a serious problem in crop production. Grafting may enhance water stress resistance and plants growth. In order to evaluate the effect of different cucurbit rootstocks (Flexifort, Shintoza and ungrafted cucumber) and water stress (40, 60, 90% of field capacity) on morphologic traits and yield of greenhouse cucumber (Cucumis sativus L. var...

[ 104 ] - Evaluation of Population Density and the Impact of Aphid (Macrosiphoniella Sanborni) on Morpho-Physiological Traits of Different Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum Morifolium) Cultivars

Chrysanthemum aphid (Macrosiphoniella sanborni) is one of the most important pests of chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium); while there is little information about the interaction of chrysanthemum and chrysanthemum aphid. In the present study, interaction of different chrysanthemum cultivars and aphid populations was assessed through evaluation of morpho-physiological traits. For this purpo...

[ 105 ] - Economic Evaluation of Artificial Lighting in Vegetable Greenhouses (Case Study: Cucumber Production in Hamadan Province)

Sunlight, as a natural resource, is an important factor in agriculture, which is supplied indefinitely and without any charge by the sun. But some phenomena such as cloudy weather or shortening the length of the day throughout the year, cause restrictions on access to this important source. This is very important for cultivation in controlled environments such as greenhouses, which usually prod...

[ 106 ] - Effect of Light Combination and Timing of Supplemental Lighting on Vegetative Traits and Flowering Time of Petunia (Petunia × hybrida)

The aim of this study was to examine how timing of supplemental lighting and different light combinations affect the vegetative and reproductive responses of petunia (Petunia × hybrida Super cascade Blue). This experiment was designed as a factorial based on a randomized complete blocks design with three replications. After being in the greenhouse for 12 hours, the plants received supplemental ...

[ 107 ] - Evaluation of Biochemical and Physiological Responses of Seven Olive Cultivars in Relation to Freezing Tolerance

Abstract: Temperature is one of the most important factors limiting the production and distribution of olive. Different olive cultivars show diverse responses to low temperature and so, the selection of cold tolerant cultivars is the most effective method to avoid frost damages. The main purpose of this study was to compare freezing tolerance of seven olive cultivars and to investigate the rel...

[ 108 ] - Effect of silicon nutrition on growth, physiology and biochemical of dill (Anethum graveolens L) under Pb stress conditions.

Silicon is one of the beneficial elements for plants, recent studies have shown that this element plays a very important role in plant resistance to environmental stresses, including heavy metal stress. To evaluate the effect of silicon foliar spraying on increasing tolerance to lead contamination in dill (Anethum graveolens L) a factorial experiment based on completely randomized design with f...

[ 109 ] - Effect of Methyl Jasmonate on some Biochemical and Physiological Parameters of Coriandrum sativum L. under Salinity Stress

An experiment was conducted to study the effect of methyl jasmonate (MJ) on salinity stress alleviation of coriander plantlet. The experiment was set up as factorial experiment in completely randomized design with two factors including NaCl concentration (0, 3 and 6 ds/m) and MJ at three levels (0, 0.25 or 0.5 mM). The results showed that salt stress decreased fresh and dry weight of aerial, co...

[ 110 ] - Identification and evaluation of HvPIP1; 4 and HvnsLTP genes expression for drought tolerance in barley

It is of great significance to understand the tolerance mechanisms by which plants deal with drought stress and application of these mechanisms for improvement of genotypes in response to drought stress. In order to identify and investigate the expression of genes involved in tolerance to drought stress, leaf and root EST were analyzed in Spontaneum (wild barley) and Nimruz (tolernt to drought ...

[ 111 ] - Effect of salicylic acid Effect of application of salicylic acid and potassium silicate on some morphological, physiological and biochemical traits in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown under salt stress

Water and soil salinity on environmental agents limit plant growth and its productivity in Iran. In order to reduce the adverse effects of salinity on plants, different compounds are used. In this study, the effects of salicylic acid and potassium silicate were investigated on wheat plants under salt stress. A factorial experiment in a randomized complete block was conducted by applying 100 mM ...

[ 112 ] - Effect of plant growth regulators, fruit thinning, boron and calcium on growth indexs and seed yield of watermelon nuts

Watermelon nuts is widely cultivated in Khorasan Razavi for its edible seed production. Two experiments were therefore, conducted to increase seed production in Bahonar University of Kerman Research Station in 2013 and 2014. In first year, the effects of gibberellic acid (0 and 50 mg/l) and fruit number (1, 2 and 3 fruits /plant) were studied in 4 populations. In second year, the effects of 24-...

[ 113 ] - The effect of methyl jasmonate on antioxidant enzymes and improving the resistance of Cucurbita pepo in low temperature

Early sowing in spring season is important for the use of mild conditions as well as proper vegetative growth, but the occurrence of low temperatures at the beginning of the growing season may cause the problem for plant establishment. In order to investigate the effect of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) on antioxidant enzymes and improving the resistance of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) to low temperature ...

[ 114 ] - Effects of Azomite on Growth and Some Physiological and Biochemical Characteristics of Basil under Salt Stress Conditions

In order to investigate effects of Azomite application in reducing salinity stress in basil herb, a pot factorial experiment based on completely randomized design with three replications was conducted in the research greenhouse of Agriculture Faculty, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Treatments were consisted of salinity stress at three levels (0, 50 and 100 mM) as the first factor and the appli...

[ 115 ] - Effects of NaCl on some physiological and biochemical responses in two cultivars of L. usitatissimum

Linum usitatissimum L. is one of the economically important oilseed crops and salt stress is one of the major environmental challenges affecting several physiological processes in plants. The present investigation was carried out to study the effects of NaCl on some physiological and biochemical responses in two cultivars of L. usitatissimum. Twenty-one-day-old-plants were exposed to salt stres...

[ 116 ] - Activities of fructan- metabolizing enzymes in barley stems subjected to terminal drought stress

Barley crop grown in semiarid areas may experience water deficit especially during grain filling that makes them more dependent on stem water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC). Fructans are the most important reserved carbohydrates. A pot experiment was undertaken at Shahid Chamran university in the duration of 2010-2011 growing seasons to investigate the accumulation and loss of WSC and the activity...

[ 117 ] - Depression and the affecting factors in patients with β Thalassemia Major having referred to Saravan city thalassemia center in 2017

Abstract Background and Objectives The chronic nature of thalassemia affects different aspects of patients' life and increases depression.The goal of the study was to determine depression and the affecting factors in patients with thalassemia major reffered to Saravan thalassemia center.   Materials and Methods The population of this descriptive analytic study consisted of 60 thalassemic pat...

[ 118 ] - The prevalence of undesired blood group antibodies in Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex patients

Abstract Background and Objectives There are many antibodies and antigens that cause blood group related transfusion reactions. In this study we aim to find the prevalence of blood group antibodies in patients at different ages and with different gender.   Materials and Methods In this descriptive study, we screened 30659 patients (59% female and 41% male, age range 1-85) referring to differ...

[ 119 ] - Evaluation of platelet antigens and antibodies in patients with platelet refractoriness

Abstract Background and Objectives Immune platelet refractoriness is a complication of blood transfusion in patients with multiple platelet transfusions. Antibodies against surface antigens, including human platelet antigens (HPAs) and human leukocyte antigens (HLAs), can be produced which can cause the degradation of transfused platelets by macrophages. In this study, the frequency of platele...

[ 120 ] - Evaluation of human platelet gel effect on production process and expression level of VEGF in experimental skin wounds in rat

Abstract Background and Objectives Platelet gel prepared from platelet-rich plasma, containing growth factors, accelerates reconstruction of skin layers, stimulation of angiogenesis and increase of collagen synthesis in wounds healing process. In this study, the effect of human platelet gel on was investigated VEGF expression in experimental skin wounds in rat.   Materials and Methods In thi...

[ 121 ] - Determination of the Effect of Autologous Platelet Gel on Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Wounds Healing

Abstract Background and Objectives Platelet Gel (PG) is rich in growth factors with healing properties and is used in most surgeries to treat various types of tissue defects. In this study, the effect of autologous platelet gel (APG) was evaluated on healing of cutaneous leishmaniasis wounds.   Materials and Methods This randomized clinical trial was done on 15 patients with cutaneous leishm...

[ 122 ] - Heparin induced thrombocytopenia

Abstract Background and Objectives Heparin is still a commonly used anticoagulant in prophylaxis and treatment of thromboembolic events. Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a life-threating adverse drug reaction of heparin. The diagnosis of HIT is made based on two important criteria, firstly clinical evaluation and secondly laboratory testing. In this comprehensive review, the authors w...

[ 123 ] - A Review of Mitochondrial Biogenesis and Cellular Response

Abstract Background and Objectives Mitochondrial biogenesis is a complex process involving the coordinated expression of mitochondrial and nuclear genes, the import of the products of the latter into the organelle and turnover of this process. Mitochondrial malfunction or defects in any of the many pathways involved in mitochondrial biogenesis can lead to degenerative diseases and possibly pla...

[ 124 ] - A Review on Agronomic, Phytochemical and Pharmacological Aspects of Cannabis (Cannabis sativa L.)

Cannabis (Cannabis sativa L.), commonly known as hemp, is an annual herb belongs to the family Cannabacea. The seeds of this plant have considerable content of oil and unsaturated fatty acids, and its fiber is used in the paper and textile industries. Tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol are main cannabinoid compounds of this plant, which have high importance for their well-known pharmaceutical...

[ 125 ] - A Comprehensive Overview on Valuable Tropane Alkaloids: Scopolamine, Atropine, and Hyoscyamine

Tropane alkaloids such as scopolamine (C17H21NO4), atropine (C17H23NO3) and hyoscyamine (C17H23NO3) are the most important plant secondary metabolites in the pharmaceutical industry due to anticholinergic activity, competition with muscarinic receptors and also treating different human diseases. Scopolamine, hyoscyamine and atropine are the most important tropane alkaloids used as anticoagulant...

[ 126 ] - Study the Scientific Productions of the Faculty Members of Traditional Medicine at Universities of Medical Science in Iran Medical in the Scopus Citation Database (2005-2015)

Background: One of the most important aspects of research is the evaluation of scientific production, and this is important in traditional medicine due to its specific application in the treatment of diseases today. Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the scientific products of faculty members of Traditional Medicine in Iranian Medical Sciences Universities indexed in Scopus Ci...

[ 127 ] - Evaluation of Growth, Yield Characteristics and Oil Components of Two Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) Varieties in Different Planting Dates

Background: Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) is an herbaceous annual plant of the Lamiaceae family. Chia seeds are rich source of omega-3 fatty acids (a-linoleic acid), proteins, soluble and insoluble fibers, vitamins, minerals and natural antioxidants. Objective: Study of growth, development, yield and oil quality of white and black Chia seeds in different planting dates. Methods: In order to st...

[ 128 ] - Tyrosinase Inhibition, Antioxidant Activity and GC-MS Analysis of the Hexane Extracts of the Aerial Parts of Astragalus vegetus Bungi. and Gundelia turnifortii L.

Background: The enzyme tyrosinase is a copper-containing polyphenol oxidase, which is involved in melanogenesis. It catalyzes the conversion of tyrosine to melanin pigments in mammals. Tyrosinase plays an important role in enzymatic browning, which causes discoloration and loss economic value of many plant food products. This enzyme is widely distributed in fungi, higher plants and animals. Ob...

[ 129 ] - The Synergic Effect of Artemisia Dracunculus (Tarragon) Extract and Aspirin (ASA) on Platelet Function

Background: Coagulation activity of platelets plays an important role in thrombosis formation, Atherosclerotic plaque establishment and cardiovascular disorders. ASA are using as an anti platelet activity drug for patients with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Using of plant extraction as a complementary medicine for these patients (CAD) is mostly recommended by traditional medicine specialist. ...

[ 130 ] - Persian Thyme (Thymus persicus): A Plant Containing Active Metabolites with Antioxidant, Anti-diabetic and Anti-Alzheimer Effects

Background: Thymus persicus is one of the Iranian endemic medicinal plants, that its decoction and various products have plenty of food and pharmaceutical uses. Objective: Evaluation of T. persicus products metabolite contains and determination of the best antioxidant, anti-diabetic and anti-Alzheimer extract. Methods: Samples total phenolic, flavonoid and tannin contents were determined by F...

[ 131 ] - Epidemiological Survey of Poisoning by Plants and Mushrooms in Loghman–e- Hakim Hospital of Tehran, Iran, 2007 – 2013

Background: Because in today's societies, not only the nutritional role of plants and fungi is very high, but also the main basis of many drugs are plants and plant products, therefore one of the problems of clinical toxicologists is the toxicity of these products. Objective: This study aimed to define the prevalence, symptoms, complications, effective treatments, type of substance use, the c...

[ 132 ] - Antidepressant Effect of Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum L.) Water Extract (CWE) Evaluated by Forced Swimming Test in Mice

Background: Few studies have been done considering the effectiveness of aqueous extract of cinnamon in neurological diseases. In previous studies, reducing the pain of hydro-alcoholic cinnamon extract in the second phase (chronic) of the formalin test and reduction of inflammation in animal models as well as in humans following cinnamon administration have been emphasized. There are also studie...

[ 133 ] - The Effect of Aromatherapy with Lavender Essence on Depression and Headache Disability in Migraine Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Background: Disability due to headache in migraine and being chronic of it can lead to sadness and depression. Objective: This study was aimed to determine the effect of lavender aromatherapy on depression and headache disability. Methods: This clinical trial study was conducted on 60 migraine patients referred to Toba Clinic of Sari (Mazandaran, Iran) during 2016-2017. Patients in the experi...

[ 134 ] - Optimization of Thebaine Production using Adventitious Roots of Papaver bracteatum Lindle. by Alteration of Aeration Volume and Temperature in Bioreactor

Background: Nowadays, the optimization of the culture conditions in bioreactors is considered as an approach to produce secondary metabolites such as thebaine. Thebaine is the dominant alkaloid in Iranian poppy that is used as a precursor for the synthesis of analgesic compounds. Objective: Optimization of culture conditions of Papaver bracteatum adventitious roots in bioreactor for the scale...

[ 135 ] - The Effect of Aqueous Extract of Inocutis levis on Liver Histopathology and Hypertriglyceridemia in High Sucrose-fed Wistar Rats

Background: Diets rich in simple carbohydrates can induce obesity and metabolic syndrome. Objectives: In this study we investigated the effect of aqueous extract of Inocutis levis on the levels of serum lipids and liver tissue in high sucrose fed (HSF) rats. Methods: Thirty two male wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: 1- control, 2- a group that were fed with high sucrose solution for 12...

[ 136 ] - Effect of 8 Week Consumption Flax Seed Supplementation with Endurance Training on BDNF and IGF-1 in Obese Women

Background: Obesity and weight gain can cause health risks for people with metabolic disorders. Endurance activities and some herbal supplements can reduce the risks of metabolic syndrome by affecting hormonal indices and body weight. Objective: The present study examined the effect of 8 weeks of endurance training and supplementation of flax seed on BDNF and IGF-1 in obese women. Methods: 48...

[ 137 ] - Identification and Investigation of Ethnobotany of Some Medicinal Plants in Razavi Khorasan Province

Introduction: Ethnobutany, as a part of every region’s national capital, contains local beliefs and knowledge about plants and their characteristics being the result of centuries of trial and error in the natural environment. Though, it is unwritten and exposed to degeneration. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to acquire and document the culture of traditional use of Zebarkhan rangeland ...

[ 138 ] - The molecular genetics of neurofibromatosis type 1 and its future prospective

Abstract   Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant tumor predisposition syndrome that is caused through loss of function mutations of a tumor suppressor gene termed neurofibromin 1. Therapeutic decisions are presently restricted for NF1-associated tumors, where treatment is often restricted to thorough surgical resection with perfect margins. In this review article, the multif...

[ 139 ] - Formulation and in vitro evaluation of orally disintegrating film of alprazolam

Background: Over the past years, orally disintegrating films (ODFs) have been a suitable alternative to conventional oral dosage forms such as tablets and capsules, especially for patients with dysphagia. ODF is relatively a new dosage form which is prepared using hydrophilic polymers, which rapidly dissolve on tongue or buccal cavity and has other advantages of rapid onset of action and improv...

[ 140 ] - Chemoprotective effect of Fumaria parviflora L. extract against vincristine induced hepatotoxicity in male rats

Background: Hepatoprotective effects of Fumaria parviflora have been approved in pharmaceutical and chemical toxicity models. Given the importance of the vincristine- induced hepatotoxicity during chemotherapy, the aim of this study was to investigate the potential hepatoprotective effects of F. parviflora extract on vincristine induced toxicity in adult male rats. Materials and methods: In thi...

[ 141 ] - The effect of antibacterial synergism of silver nanoparticles with extract of Urtica dioica and Allium hirtifolum against multidrug resistant klebsiella (MDR) isolated from ICU patients

Background: Because most bacteria responsible for hospital infections are resistant to common antibiotics, the tendency to produce effective and nontoxic anti-microbial drugs have increased. Therefore, it is attempted to substitute antibiotics with natural products, such as nanoparticles and plant extracts. The aim of this study was to investigate the synergistic antibacterial effects of silver...

[ 142 ] - Detection of IL-10 gene polymorphisms in patients with ulcerative colitis in Northern Iran

Background: Ulcerative colitis is a multifactorial disease in which the environmental and genetics factor are being involved together. Interleukins are a group of cytokine which are produced through T cells, monocytes, macrophages, and endothelial cells. Interleukin-10 is an important multitasking cytokine that has a key role in inflammatory responses. The promoter of interlekin-10 is highly po...

[ 143 ] - Association between HBe-Ag and HBV-DNA level in HBsAg positive chronic carriers

Background: Viral hepatitis is one of common infectious diseases and known as health problem around the world. Present cross-sectional study was performed to determine the association between HBeAg and HBV-DNA in patients who referred to Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine and Amiralmomenin Hospital (Islamic Azad University) between 2012 and 2015. Materials and methods: In this cross-s...

[ 144 ] - The investigation of miR-499 in apoptosis of cardiomyocytes in blood serum of MI patients

Background: Ischemic heart diseases (IHD) cause most deaths worldwide in a way that they are the cause of more than 30 percent of the deaths. After the discovery of miRNA in 1990 and the discovery of more than 2500 types of miRNA, gradually the importance of these mechanism regulators and molecular signals and gene routes were identified in the processes and the cellular mechanisms, especially ...

[ 145 ] - Evaluation of antibiotic resistance associated with ophthalmic oqxAB pumps in Klebsiella pneumoniae causing urinary tract infection

Background: The urinary tract infection is the secondary most common human infection. Colon bacteria, including Klebsiella pneumonia, are the main cause of urinary tract infections. The occurrence of the antibiotic resistance is a major problem in the treatment of infections. Beta- lactamases and efflux pumps constitute the major defense mechanisms of antibiotic resistance of Klebsiella pneumon...

[ 146 ] - Effectiveness of computerized motion-based cognitive rehabilitation on improvement of working memory of children with ADHD

Background: Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder. Deficit of executive functions is the main feature of ADHD which has negative outcomes on the affected children. The purpose of the current study was to determine the effectiveness of computerized motion-based cognitive rehabilitation on improvement of executive function, and working memory of chil...

[ 147 ] - Comparison of effectiveness of acceptance commitment therapy and metacognitive therapy on reducing symptoms, psychological capital and quality of life of patients suffering from irritable bowel syndrome

Background: The aim of the present study was to compare effectiveness of metacognitive therapy (MCT) and acceptance commitment therapy (ACT) on reducing syndromes, psychological capital and quality of life of patients suffering from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Materials and methods: Research method was quasi-experimental with pre-test, post- test, three-month follow-up and control group. St...

[ 155 ] - Evaluation of the effect of drought stress and silica spraying on some physiological characteristics of canola cultivars

In order to investigate the effects of drought stress and silica spraying on some physiological characteristics of canola, an experiment was conducted in the research farm of Behbahan University in 2016-2017. In the present study, the effect of concentrations of 0 (S0) and 30 (S1) mM potassium silicate under normal irrigation conditions (irrigation after %25 of available water discharges) and d...

[ 156 ] - The effect of Thiobacillus and Sulfur application on yield and some of physiological traits in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) cultivars under water deficit

A research has been conducted in research greenhouse of Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch in spring 2016 to investigate the effect of Sulfur and Thiobacillus on yield and some of physiological traits in common bean cultivars in experimental water deficit stress conditions as a factorial experiment in a completely randomized design with three replications. In this study investigated three v...

[ 157 ] - Recovery of deteriorated cotton seed and improving quality by using gibberellic acid

Deterioration of seeds is an important factor to reduce seeds vigor and limit germination. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the influence of gibberellic acid hormone on recovery of seeds and improvement of quality and seedling growth in Varamin cotton seed, an experiment was conducted in a completely randomized way in three replications. Treatments included: two levels of deteriorat...

[ 158 ] - Response of yield and some physiological traits in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) to Zn and Ca nano chelates and their application methods

Peanut is one of the important legume crops and its grain rich in oil (47-53 %) and protein (25-36 %). Peanut has very high nutrient requirement, Hence, in order to evaluate the effects of Zn and Ca nano-chelates and their application methods on yield and some physiological traits in peanut, a field experiment carried out in 2016 cropping season as split plot arrangement based on randomized com...

[ 159 ] - Effect of Pseudomonas fluorescent bacteria on growth stimulation of some physiological indices, yield components of rapeseed under salt stress

In order to investigate the effect of Pseudomonas fluorescence of plant growth stimulus on yield and yield components of rapeseed under salinity stress, this experiment was a split-factorial split plot based on a complete randomized design with three replications in 97-96 in a research greenhouse, Faculty of Agriculture And natural resources of Kermanshah Razi University. Salt stress was consid...

[ 160 ] - Effects of organic and inorganic fertilizers on growth and yield of chickpea cultivars in dryland farming conditions

Considering the importance of organic fertilizers application and the necessity of minimizing the use of inorganic fertilizers, this experiment was conducted in order to study the possibility of replacing vermicompost and poultry manure instead of chemical fertilizers in the production of two improved chickpea cultivars under dryland conditions. The experiment was laid out in a factorial arrang...

[ 161 ] - Evaluation of the Effect of Intercropping Sugarcane - Legume on the Quantitative, Qualitative and Physiological Characteristics of Sugarcane

In order to investigate the effect of different treatments of  intercropping sugarcane with two types of legumes on some quantitative and qualitative propertys of sugarcane, an experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with 14 treatments and four replications in two locations in Ahvaz, Iran in 2016-2017. The treatments included: Pure Sugarcane, Pure Soybean, Pure Cowpea, Pu...

[ 162 ] - Effect of drought stress and application of clinoptilolite on yield and quality of silage corn hybrids

Present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of drought stress and clinoptilolite on the yield and forage quality of silage corn hybrids. The experiment was arranged in a three-replicated split-spilt plot based on randomized complete blocks design (RCBD) with three irrigation regimes including optimum irrigation, moderate and severe drought stress (irrigation after 70, 100 and 130 mm e...

[ 163 ] - Effect of soil Zn deficiency on antioxidant enzymes activity and biochemical parameters in bread wheat

A factorial experiment was conducted in greenhouse in a completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications to investigate the response of Zn-efficient and -inefficient bread wheat cultivars to soil Zn deficiency. The factors of the experiment were soil Zn levels (Zn-adequate: 5mg Zn kg-1 soil and no Zn application), Zn-efficient (Bayat and Niknejad) and -inefficient (Hirmand and Karaj1...

[ 164 ] - Effect of salicylic acid and selenium foliar application on physiological and agronomic characteristics of safflower (Carthamus tictorius L.) in drought stress conditions

In order to study the effect of salicylic acid and selenium foliar application on physiological characteristics, yield and yield components of safflower (Carthamus tictorius L.) under drought stress conditions, an experiment was conducted as split plot based on randomized complete block design with three replications. The main factor included irrigation in three levels, complete irrigation duri...

[ 165 ] - Effects of glauconitic sandstone on growth, nutrients content and some physiological traits of canola plants grown under two differents pH levels

Glauconite is a micaceous mineral that could be source of potassium. The aim of this study was evaluation of the effects of glauconitic sandstone and potential of iron relase and toxicity in case of using as a potassium fertilizer for canola plants. The plants cultivation experiments were carried out in growth chamber in sand culture with completely randomized design as factorial. The first fac...

[ 166 ] - Evaluation of the effects of application of plant growth regulator rhizobacteria on the important agronomic traits and physiological characteristics of red beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

In order to investigate the effects of phosphorous and potassium fertilizers on some important morphological traits, agronomic characteristics and yield of red bean cultivars, an experiment was conducted at Agricultural Research Farm of Islamic Azad University, Arak, in the summer of 2013-2014 and in two consecutive years. This experiment was conducted as split plot based on randomized complete...

[ 167 ] - The effect of irrigation regimes on some physiologic properties and seed yield of sesame genotypes

Sesame is one of the oldest crops in the world that is commonly cultivated in arid and semi-arid due to high oil seeds (42-52%). In order to determine the effects of water deficit (55, 75 and 85 percent evacuation of soil water) on genotype sesame (Varamin, Naztakshakhe, Oltan and Yekta), a field experiment was conducted using a split-plot in randomized complete design with three replication at...

[ 168 ] - Response of sunflower cultivars of Iroflor to water deficit stress and methods of biophosphate application in the Miandoab area

In order to evaluate the effect of water stress on sunflower cultivars of Iroflor in different stages of growth and methods of biophosphate consumption, a factorial experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with four replications. Water deficit stress in four levels including control (non-stress), stress in vegetative stage, stress in reproduction stage and stress in both v...

[ 169 ] - Effects of seed inoculation by cycocel and biofertilizers on yield, antioxidant enzymes activity and some biochemical traits of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under soil salinity condition

In order to study the effects of seed inoculation by cycocel and biofertilizers on yield, antioxidant enzymes activity and some biochemical traits of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under soil salinity condition, a factorial experiment was conducted based on randomized complete block design with three replications in a research greenhouse of Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University...

[ 170 ] - Effect of mycorrhiza fungi on the quantitative and qualitative traits of cowpea (vigna unguiculata L.) in different irrigation intervals

In order to effect of mycorrhiza fungi on the quantitative and qualitative traits of cowpea in different irrigation intervals, this research was carried out in 2017 in Khorramshahr as split plot based on randomized complete block design with four replications. The treatments consisted of different irrigation intervals at four levels of 55, 80, 105 and 130 mm evaporation from class A evaporation...

[ 171 ] - Effect of drought tension and salicylic acid on some morphophysiological and agronomic traits of guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.)

Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.) is a tropical drought tolerant crop, potentially proper for arid areas. The objective of present survey was to evaluate the effect of different irrigation regimes and salicylic acid levels on morphological, physiological and seed yield of Guar. The present experiment was conducted as split plots based on randomized complete blocks design with four replications....

[ 172 ] - Effect of razobium phazeoli bacteria and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on yield andyield components of red bean (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.) under water tension deficit

In order to investigate the effect of Rhizobium bacterium and mycorrhizal fungi on yield and yield components of red bean Goli cultivar under water deficit tension, the present experiment was conducted as split plots based on randomized complete blocks design with three replications at research farm of Islamic Azad University of Tabriz during 2015. Water deficit tension by three levels of irrig...

[ 173 ] - Effect of salicylic acid and humic acid on some physiological characteristics and yield of forage maize (Zea mays L.) under drought tension conditions

 In order to investigate the effect of salicylic acid and humic acid to mitigate the impact of drought tension during pollination of forage maize, the present experiment was conducted as split plots based on randomized complete blocks design with three replications at Isfahan University of Technology. Drought tension levels included: without tension (control), mild tension (75 percent crop capa...

[ 174 ] - Effect of foliar application of iron nano-chelate and folic acid on seed yield and some physiological traits of sesame cultivars under drought tension conditions

Drought tension and iron fertilizer play an important role in determining the grain yield and quality of oil seed products. Therefore, a split plot-factorial experiment based on randomized complete blocks design with three replications was conducted to investigate the effect of foliar application of iron nano-chelate and folic acid on some quantitative and qualitative traits of two sesame culti...

[ 175 ] - Yield and growth characteristics of sunflower cultivars inoculated by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi under drought tension conditions

One of the new methods for optimum management and increasing the efficiency of water resources utilization in agricultural uses is the use of irrigation methods. Considering the importance of this issue, this research was carried out to determine the effect of mycorrhizal fungi on the yield of sunflower cultivars under drought tension conditions and as split split plots based on randomized comp...

[ 176 ] - Investigating the effect of humic acid and micronutrient nano fertilizers on the response of rainfed chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in autumn cultivation

  This study was carried out to investigate the effect of Humic acid and micronutrient nano fertilizers on rainfed chickpea response under field conditions located in Kamyaran-Kurdistan during 2015-2016 year. The experiment was split plots in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The main factor was foliar application of Humic acid in three levels including (control, four ...

[ 177 ] - Effect of Salinity Tension and Foliar Application of Nano-Oxide on Some of the Physiological Chracteristics of Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) and Camelina (Camelina sativa L.)

In order to investigate the effect of salinity tension and zinc nano oxide on physiological parameters of Rapeseed and Camelina, a factorial experiment was conducted based on a completely randomized design with three replications in the greenhouse conditions of Department of Biology of Urmia University in 2012-13. The factor of zinc nano oxide was investigated at three levels of zero,  25 and 1...

[ 178 ] - Study of seed germination and seedling growth of alfalfa genotypes (Medicago sativa L.) under drought tension conditions

In order to investigate the effect of drought tension on germination characteristics and seedling growth of 10 alfalfa genotypes, two separate experiments were carried out in vitro petri dish culture medium (seed testing) and potting (vegetative growth stage) as a factorial experiment in a completely randomized design with three replications in a specialized laboratory in Khuzestan University o...

[ 179 ] - Effect of Foley Catheter in Prepration of Cervix for Delivery

Abstract The aim of this study was comparing the efficacy of induction of labor using balloon Foley catheter with conventional Oxytocin infusion method in cases of unfavorable cervix. 60 pregnant women that had an indication for induction of labor with a singleton vertex fetuses, intact membranes, and bishop score lower than 4 interred in this study and allocated in one of two induction method...

[ 180 ] - Sport Injuries in the second Islamic CountriesWomen's sports Games

Abstract Nowadays participation in sports has increased among women thus, sport injuries which makes an inevitable part of it has increased too. Determination of sports injuries incidence has a critical importance in care programs. In this study 97 cases of sports injuries occurred during the Second Islamic Countries women's sports games were evaluated. For each case referee a special form was...

[ 181 ] - Survey of Life Events Prior to Suicide Attempt

Abstract Stressful life events are seen frequently, prior to suicide in persons who attempted. This study was done to survey problematic life events prior to suicide attempt in patients who had been admitted in emergency ward of Razi Hospital in Rasht 2001. To achieve this goal , 173 patients who had been admitted due to suicide attempt were interviewed by two trained male and female general ...

[ 182 ] - Longterm Results of Penile Vein Ligation for Impotence of Venous Leakage

Abstract The indication for venous surgery in the treatment of erectile dysfunction have been reduced as evidence of unsatisfactory long - term results has emerged. The short and long - term results of venous surgery were assesesd in patients with veno - occlusive dysfunction who were selected in the basis of thorough diagnostic criteria. All of patients in this study were unresponsive to maxi...

[ 183 ] - The Comparison of Midazolam and Diazepam on Incidence of Postoperative Nausea and vomiting

Abstract Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common and unpleasant complication. Various drugs are used for prevention and treatment of PONV. Recently an antiemetic effect of Lorazepam has been reported, that it's usage as premedication can reduce PONV in children. As Benzodiazepines are safe drugs, their probable antiemetic effect may reduce the usage of other antiemetic drugs with ...

[ 184 ] - Study of Situation of Elderly Residents in Guilan Elderly Nursing Home

Abstract Elderly is an experience that each person will confront with it.Loneliness phenomenon and social solitude has much share in difficult old period. The purpose of this research was to study of he situation of elderly residents in Guilan Elderly Nursing Home. It was a descriptive cross-sectional study. For purpose of this investigation 170 old men and women were selected from this nursin...

[ 186 ] - Determination of the Lag Time or Susceptibility in LDL Oxidation Procedure

ABSTRACT Much researches has focused on the theory that antioxidant nutrients act as scavengers of oxygen derived free radicals, thereby helping to prevent cell and tissue damage that otherwise would give rise to degenerative diseases such as atherosclerosis caused by LDL oxidation. Findings from extensive studies suggested that the determination of lag objective procedure for determining the ...

[ 187 ] - Study of Effective Factors in Cervical Cancer in Isfahan

ABSTRACT Cancer of the cervix is a common malignancy in females' genital tract. This is the third most common malignancy in females. The main object of this study was to determine the risk factors associated with cervical cancer. In this case-control study, from 282 cases, 87 patients with progressive disease were in the case group and 195 healthy women in the control group. Sampling method in...

[ 188 ] - Knowledge of People Over 15 years old about Prophylaxis and transferring of AIDS and hepatitis B in Sanandaj

ABSTRACT This is a descriptive-analytic survey to evaluation the knowledge of women and men over 15 years old about prophylaxis and transferring of AIDS and hepatitis B in sanandaj in 1998. The purpose of this study was to determine knowledge of people over 15 years old about prophylaxis of AIDS and hepatitis B based on their age, job, and education. In this study 852 men and Women over 15 yr....

[ 189 ] - Relation between CBC Finding and BH attacks in children

ABSTRACT Breath holding (B.H) attacks is one of the most common problem in children that disturbs their parents. With respect to the presence of discrepancies between anemia and iron therapy in this condition, this study designed for evaluation the relation of C.B.C findings and B.H attacks. This analytical case-control study was done on 86 patients under 6 years old who referred to outpatien...

[ 190 ] - Seroepidemiology of Hepatitis A in Population under 30 years old in Rural Area of Zabol

Abstract Hepatitis A , like any other intestinal diseases, is common across the world. But its prevalence and epidemiological feature vary according to sanitation and crowded of people. This study which was conducted in the spring of 1377 (1998) aims at the evaluation of epidemiologic pattern of hepatitis A in Zabol. 229 people from rural area of Zabol were randomly selecteted and investigated...

[ 191 ] - Comparison of Complications and length of Hospitalization in management of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome with Systemic Steroid or Supportive Care

ABSTRACT Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a serious acute self limited emergency in dermatology with considerable morbidity and mortality, Its specific therapy with systemic steroids has been the matter of challenge and controversy in the past 4 decades. The purpose of this study was comparing of complications and the length of hospitalization between those treated with steroids and supporti...

[ 192 ] - Correlation of Demographic Factors of Mother and Child With Infant Mortality Rate

ABSTRACT I.M.R is one of the most important Indexes in health system that used for in assessment of health service and appllicated determine of developing society. If we'll diagnose the case of mortality in developing countries we can dissolve this problem with simple Actions. this study was carried out for determine of correlation between demographic factors of mother and child and I.M.R in v...

[ 193 ] - Study of knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers about Jaundice of Neonate

ABSTRACT The purpose of this descriptive study is determining knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers about Jaundice . The mothers who delivered into midwifery wards of Kerman and has a maximum of 20 days newborn baby responded to questions in their homes . Data collection performed by investigator-made questionnaire that its validity and reliability determined before gathering data . Stat...

[ 194 ] - Etiologies of Erythroderma on Patients Admitted in Dermatology Department

ABSTRACT Erythroderma is a severe skin disease that can be associated with serious metabolic disorders and so it requires immediate care. The difficulty with erythroderma lies in finding the underlying cause. Several studies in other countries, that reported a different incidence of each etiologic group. The aim of this study was to evaluate various causes of erythroderma in Gilan and compare ...

[ 195 ] - Prevalance of Hirsutism and Hair Growth Pattern in Female Students

ABSTRACT Hirsutism is a difficult problem for both to the patients and the physicians. Its definition is subjective and the severity of hirsutism and the degree of acceptance are dependent on racial, cultural and social factors. The hair growth pattern, under the influences of genetic and ethnic factors, has significant variations among normal females. In order to determine the prevalence of h...

[ 196 ] - Radiological Findings in Active Pulmonary TB

ABSTRACT Pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB), usually is a chronic disease that caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. Identification of the cases of TB is the key to control of it and radiology still plays a major role in both active and passive TB diagnosis. To assess the radiological patterns of presentation of active postprimary pulmonary TB, in this review and retrospective analysis, we studied C...

[ 197 ] - Effect of Post-Space Preparation on Apical Seal of Endodontically Treated Teeth

ABSTRACT  By restoration of pulpally exposed teeth with root canal therapy edentulous areas and neighbouring teeth displacement can be avoided. Prefabricated posts may be used for crown restoration of these teeth. For the preparation of root canal for post placement, Gutta percha should be removed by means of mechanical, thermal and chemical agents. To study the amount of apical leakage in vit...

[ 198 ] - Serum Cholesterol Level and its Association with their Fats and Cholesterol Intake.

ABSTRACT Cholesterol and particularly LDL-c is one of the most important risk factors of cordiovascular disease. The most important environmental factor that influence this anomaly is nutritional status. The aim of this Cross-Sectional study was determination of the level of serum cholesterol and its association with fats and cholesterol intake. we selected 628 men and women aged 35-65 years o...

[ 199 ] - Growth of Children Feeding with Different Formula During First 4 Month after Birth

Abstract We evaluated 229 cases of children who were born in the first half of the year. These cases refered to the ten health centers in Rasht in 1995. There were 116 (50.66%) boys and 113 (49.34%) girls in this research. We saw that 96 boys were feed through the breast milk in the first four months, and 20 boys were feed through the formula and we saw 102 girls out of 113 were feed through t...

[ 200 ] - Effective Factors on Quality of Life in Diabetic Patients

ABSTRACT Nowadays one of the most important methods for evaluation of treatment and care is to assess the quality of life (QOL).chronic patient like diabetics are face with many disorder in dimensions of QOL.The important question is what factors effect it? In this regard, the researcher wishes to assess the relational pattern between demographic characteristic and dimensions of QOL.So to achi...

[ 201 ] - Prevalence of Polypharmacy and Correlations with Sex, Age and Drug Regimen in Insurance Prescription

Abstract Simultaneous use of multiple drugs (Polypharmacy, PP) is associated with adverse drug reactions, medication errors, increased risk of hospitalisation and increased curative costs, specially when the number of drugs exceeds four items. This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine prevalence of PP and its some associated factors. Data were derived from health insurance prescrip...

[ 202 ] - Comparison of Betadin with Betadin- Alcohole in Fast Skin Prepartion for spainal Anesthesia

ABSTRACT Cesarean section is an emergency operation and in many cases it is vital for mother and newborn to do it fast. If spinal Anesthesia, be chosen, because of emergency condition, anesthesiologist always haven't enough time to be sure of skin sterility at the site of needle puncture with skin preparation in the required time by proper detergents. In this situation there is danger of infec...

[ 204 ] - Comparison of the Formalin- Ether and the Katz Kato in The Parasitological Diagnosis of Human Fascioliasis

ABSTRACT Human fascioliasis is an endemic disease in the Guillan province and it has became a public health problem in the port of Anzali. Thousands of people in this area were infected during the two outbreaks in 1987 and 1998. If the mature worm settles in the liver, finding the ova in the stool is the most reliable diagnosis of the infection. Therefore selecting the most sensitive parasito...

[ 205 ] - Bacterial Infection in Infants and Children with Fever Selected for Lumbar Puncture

ABSTRACT Lumbar puncture (LP) is performed frequently in Pediatric departments to diagnose meningitis in infants and young children with fever. Children selected to have LP who do not have meningitis may, however, have other bacterial infections. During a 2-year desciptive study, we investigated lumbar punctures performed in pediatric departments of Bou-Ali, Emam-Hossein and Loghmane-Hakim ho...

[ 206 ] - Normal Values of Median, Ulnar and Radial Nerves Conduction in Healthy Adults (20-59 years)

ABSTRACT The object of this study is determination of normative values of nerve conduction studies (NCS) among the population of Guilan Province. We selected 216 at the ages of 20-59yr on the basis of their medical histories and examination , and on condition that they had no factors or diseases interfering with nerve conduction by convenience sampling method. In this cross-sectional study, t...

[ 207 ] - Recurrence of Attack and Associated Factors in Children with Febril Convulsion Admitted in Hospital

ABSTRACT Febrile Convulsion is the most common reason of seizures of epilepsy during child hood from 9 mo to 5 years of age. That is classified in to two groups, as simple and complex based on it's Clinical Features. One of the factors in this dividing is repetation of convulsion for several hours or days. In some studies sex, age , family history, temprture at the time of convulsion and dura...

[ 208 ] - The Survey of Fetal Genitourinary Abnormalities

ABSTRACT Congenital genitourinary tract abnormalities occur in 0.1% to 1% of all neonates and are a major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Nowadays, prenatal ultrasonography can detect most malformations and anomalies. In this study the genitourinary tract abnormalities of the Fetuses of the pregnant women by prenatal ultrasonography and causes of these abnormalities were evaluated...

[ 209 ] - Effective Factors on Selection of Governmental or Private Hospital with Surgical Patients

ABSTRACT Many factors affect decision-making by patients who seek surgical management and choose hospital for admission. They nclude : The quality of health and medical services, the cost of them, social, puysical, finanical and cultural factors. This study was carried out to make clear, which of the above menitioned factors are more effective than the others. In this study, during summer of ...

[ 210 ] - Effects of Lidocaine on the Acute Hemodynamic Response to Electroconvulsive Therapy

ABSTRACT Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been used widely to treat psychiatric disease. ECT under anesthesia is associated with hypertension and tachycardia. The cardiovascular effects of ECT were studied after per-treatment of 100 patients with lidocaine 1.5 mg/Kg (experimental group) and saline solution (control), using a double-blind, randomized clinical trial study. There were no sign...

[ 211 ] - Findings of Cerebral CT-scan in Car Accident Patients

ABSTRACT Trauma is the most common reason of death in 1-44 years olds. In patients with multiple rtrauma, the head is the most common involved part . Car accident is the most common cause of head injury in adults. The importance of computed tomography (CT) in diagnosis of brain trauma is well estabilished and CT of the brain is a choice method. A descriptive study was carried out in 880 patie...

[ 212 ] - Prevalence of Hand, Foot and Facial warts Amongst the 6-17 Years - Old Students of Rasht

ABSTRACT Wart is one of the most common contagious dermatologic diseases throughout the world, which allocate high funds for therapeutic, cosmetic and hygienic works in a society. It seems that school children are more susceptible to infection due to the closely extensive contacts with each other. Thus, with the aim of detecting the prevalance of wart in the exposed areas in school children i...

[ 213 ] - Bone and Joint Tuberculosis in Imam Khomeini Hospital Tehran, 1372-1375

ABSTRACT Tuberculosis is a major health problem in the world, which causes considerable mortality and morbidity. In a prospective - descriptive study, a group of patients with diagnosis of bone and joint tuberculosis on the basis of the clinical symptoms, signs and paraclinical data with positive PPD and negative Wright tests, were examined in Imam Khomeini Hospital (Infectious Disease and Or...

[ 214 ] - Prevalence of Blood Transmitted Infection in Donors of Yasuj Blood Transfusion Organization

ABSTRACT Blood transmitted diseases are one of the most important problems in the science of blood transfusion that cause illness and its complication, and spending much money. Among them check on hepatitis B and C, AIDS and syphitis are routine in all blood transfusion services. Our goal of this retrospective study is determining the prevalence of this diseases in Blood Transfusion Service ...

[ 215 ] - Survey of Factors Associated with Mastalgia

ABSTRACT We crried out a retrospective study in Specialized Clinic of Rasht. In this study 200 women who refered to the Specialized Clinic with mastalgia from september 1997 until september 1998 on the basis of age, parity, nistory of breast feeding, family history of breast cancer, consumption of oral contraceptive, unilateral or bilateral breast involvement, fearing of breast cancer, cyclic...

[ 216 ] - A Comparison of Extrusion Time of Ventilating Tube (pariz) with mported v.t (Shepard) in Patients Affected with Chronic Serous Otitis

ABSTRACT Otitis serous is a common disease in pediatrics and ENT which can be treated by various medical and surgical techniques. The traditional surgery treatment of this disease has been done by realation of middle ear cavity with myringotomy and insertion of ventilation tube in tympanic membrane. Since remaining time of ventilation tube in tympanic membrane has a direct effect on the tratm...

[ 217 ] - Effect of Partograph on the First Stage of Delivery

ABSTRACT This study examined the effect of partograph on the first stage of deliverly in Pregnant women who came to the deliverly section of AL-Zahra Educational hospital in 1999-2000. In this semi- experimental study 218 samples are collected and the data collection tool was Partagraph that used in labors. Data analysis indicated that using Partograph had decreased the number of cesarean. In...

[ 218 ] - Pathologic Findings of Diagnostic Curettage for Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

ABSTRACT The Purpose of this study was determination of prevalence of various findings in pathologic reports of D&C that were done for abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) in pre/peri/postmenopausal women. Study population in this discriptive cross-sectional study was all of D&C operations that were done for AUB indication in Alzahra hospital from April 1997 until April 1998. Their pathologic rep...

[ 219 ] - Effect of Priming Dose of Atracurium on the Onset of Muscle Relaxation: A Controlled Clinical Trial

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was comparison of priming and intubating dose of Atracurium on the onset of muscle relaxation time to testing an alternative method for urgent operation. one hundred, 20-30 years old men that were condidate for urgency surgery entered in this study and divided in two groups randomly. First group was relaxed with Priming dose of Atracurium. In this way, %5 mg (pr...

[ 220 ] - Sensitivity and Specifity of Plain X-Ray in Diagnosis of Acute Sinusitis

ABSTRACT With considering of high prevalence of sinusitis and variable imaging modalities in diagnosis of it, we decided to evaluate sensitivity and specifity of plain x-ray in diagnosis of acute sinusitis. In this researeh , CTscan and plain x-ray findings of 83 patients with suspected acute sinusitis (by otorhinolayrngologist) - with considering of ethical and economic notices - were compar...

[ 222 ] - Plasmid Curing Activity of Five Plant Extracts on Multiple Resistant Plasmid Bearing Klebsiella Pnumoniae Strains

ABSTRACT The curing of five medicinal plant extracts (Satureia hortensis, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Teucrium Pollium, Myrtus Communis, Eukalypetus globolus) on plasmid bearing strains of klebsilla pnenmoniae resistance to multiple antibiotics were investigated. Alcoholic and maceration extraction were carried out from leaves, fruits or roots of the above plants. Mimimum inhibitory concentrations (MI...

[ 223 ] - Mutagenicity Effect of Antimigrin Herbal Medicine

ABSTRACT The increasing use of medical herbs and their products and the proof of mutagenicity and oncogenicity of some of their components justify more researches about these effects of herb products. The objective of the present study is to explore the cytogenetic toxicity of a product currently available in Iranian drug market called Antimigrin. One of the methods used for the study of mutag...

[ 224 ] - The Electromyographic Changes of Abdominal Muscles in Two Sit-up Movement for One Minute

ABSTRACT Muscles have an important role in daily physical works and with increasing knowledge of them we could have appropriate physical position and achieving success in sports. The purpose of this research is to study of electromyographic changes of two abdominal muscle (Rectus abdominus and external oblique) in two kinds of sit- up in one minute. The subjects were 15 healthy students and n...

[ 225 ] - Immunophenotyping of Immune Cells in Peripheral Blood of TB Patient with Positive Smear Before Treatment

ABSTRACT Regarding cellular immunity function and macrophage system in tuberculosis infection control and also tuberculosis high spread in Gilan province and as many studies about tuberculosis has done in chronic and acute progressive process. This study was examined thirty persons smear positive with clinical symptoms and recognition infections expert before Treatment. Tuberculosis patients ...

[ 226 ] - The Effects of Caffeine on the Development of the Palat

ABSTRACT The Purpose of this research was to study the effects of caffeine on the development of the palate. Since the development of palatal shelves from the 13th day starts by the growth of palatal shelves and the fusion of them occurs in the 16th day. After choosing wistar rat and coupling them monogamously, we determined pregnancy zero day and placed them in the control and test groups. ...

[ 227 ] - The Effect of Irrigation Time of Abdomen Before Cesarean Section on Wound Infection

ABSTRACT C/S is a Large operation and is accompanied by injuries which don't happen in vaginal delivery. Infection is the most common morbidity after c/s and there are multiple factors interferes. In this prospective study 245 patient who had obstetrical indications for c/s were selected. They were divided into two groups according to the time of irrigation at time of operationsite. 125 patien...

[ 228 ] - Evaluation of a Care Programme with Example of Poliomyelitis in Iran

ABSTRACT Surveillance is the ongoing process of collection, analyzing, interpreting and feedback of the health outcomes data. This health programme like every other programs should be assessed for improving. This study is performed in five provinces of Iran to assess the acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance by the quantitative and qualitative methods. During the 3 years (1996- 1998) 2...

[ 229 ] - Privalence of Low Birth Weight and Their Relation With Some of Maternal Risk Factors in Isfahan

ABSTRACT Birth weight is one of the main factors in child's physical mental growth . L.B.W. causes increasing mortality rate disbilities and diseases in infant. Neonatal rate in L.B.W. occasionally infant with L.B.W. has forty fold of neonatal mortality rate in comparision with normal weight infants. The aim of this study is recognition of effective factors on birth weight and Evaluating the...

[ 230 ] - Sensitivity of the Median- Ulnar Motor Comparative Techniques in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

ABSTRACT Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is the most common entrapment syndrome. Median-ulnar motor comparative technique with Median motor technique in carpal tunnel syndrome were studied. In 50 patients with 72 hands with clinically defined carpal tunnel syndrome and electrophysilogic evidence of Median neuropathy at wrist based upon a prolonged sensory nerve distal latency with 30 asymptomatic volu...

[ 231 ] - Finding of Neck Mass Biopsy with FNA in 129 Patients

ABSTRACT The FNA is simple, inexpensive, available and almost safe method for diagnosis of neck mass. The aim of this Research was to assess the result of FNA for diagnosis of this patients. For this purpose 129 patients who had Referred to Tutunkaran Hospital over a period of three years with complaints of one or more tumors in the neck or parotid region was selected. Full medical history wa...

[ 232 ] - Zinc Concentration in Thalassemic Patients Hair

ABSTRACT Thalassemia is a common genetic diseaes. Due to repeated blood transfuion and increasing iron load, deferoxamin is used in this illness. One of it's adverse effect is binding to zinc element, Regarding to effects of zinc on growth and development, when the patient's zinc hair was less than healthy person, it is concluded that with administration of zinc element, There was significant ...

[ 233 ] - Assessment Scientific Knowledge of Medical Interns about Four Common Infection Diseases in Fars

ABSTRACT The present study was designed to assess the knowledge of medical interns about four common infectious diseases; tuberculosis, brucellosis, typhoid fever and dysentery. This cross sectional study was done in Shiraz in 1999 and 2000. 211 interns properly filled our questionnaire which was prepared about tuberculosis. brucellosis, typhoid fever and bloody diarrhea for evaluation of thei...

[ 234 ] - Prevalence of Cesarean Section and Some Determinant Factors In Kerman

ABSTRACT In spite of the cesarean section expense, mortality and morbidity is more than normal delivery This study performed to determine prevalence of cesarean section and some determinant factors. In this cross sectional study information was consecutively collected from 500 deliveries with gestational age of more than 28 Weeks in Kerman Hospitals at Agust 1996. Prevalence of cesarean secti...

[ 235 ] - Assessment of Abnormal Serum Digoxin Concentration

ABSTRACT Cardiac glycosides have been used in the management of heart failure for more than 200 years and remain the only drug currently available for Long-term ambulatory use that have positive inotropic effect. The relatively narrow therapeutic- index of cardiac glycosides renders them particularly difficult to use, and the clinician should have a detailed understanding of the actions and ph...

[ 236 ] - Attitude and Knowledge of Couple About Thalassemmia at the Stage of Marriage in Babol

ABSTRACT Thalassemia is a genetic hemoglobinopaty. The attitude and knowledge of couple at the stage of marriage has an important role in prevention of that. The objective of this study was to determine the attitude and knowledge of couple at stage of marriage in relation to the necessary of consulting program, prevention and the nature of thalassemia in Babol. A cross-sectional study of 268 c...

[ 237 ] - Prevalence of Cyclic Mastalgia and It’s Relation With Age, Marriage and Employment Outside the House

ABSTRACT Cyclic mastalgia presentated with cyclic and regular recurence of breast pain and swelling in luteal phase of mensturation. This symptom associates with phobia in women and increasing unnecessary clinical admissions and interacts with social activities and familial communications. The object of this study was determination of prevalence of this symptom in reproductive age women in Ra...

[ 238 ] - Survey of Related Factors in Prematurity Birth

ABSTRACT Numerous factors have been implicated as determinants of prematurity and low birth weight, including maternal diseases, placenta insufficiency, uterous abnormality, maternal addiction, prenatal care and etc. To determinant of prematurity in Gorgan city, we studied 450 neonates was borned in Dezyani hospital during six months (winter 1998 until spring 1999) and divided them into two...

[ 239 ] - Preparation of a Photoactivable Ligand for Bradykinin Receptors

ABSTRACT Most of physiological effects of bradykinin is due to its effect on bradykinin B2 receptors. There is no reports of preparation of a photoactivatable analogue of bradykinin reactive with sloubilized bradykinin B2 recpetors. Photoactivatable radioactive ligands are powerful tools in purification of receptors. In this study we report preparation of a photoactivatable iodinatable analo...

[ 240 ] - Survey of Serum Ferritin and Hemoglobin Levels of Mothers and their Newborns

ABSTRACT one of the best index to study the mother's Iron level is to measure the serum ferritin. The aim of this study is to find out the relationship between the serum ferritin in mothers and newborns, and therefore we use these indexes to assess the Iron depletion enemia in above subjects. In this study, hemoglobin, serum ferritin, transferrin saturation (%), serum iron, and total iron bi...

[ 241 ] - Effect of Lowering PCR Reaction Volumes and Increasing the Speed of DNA Amplification on the Sensitivity of PCR

ABSTRACT Recently, PCR is being reported more frequently with satisfactory results on the diagnosis of clinical infections. Widespread availability of PCR promises a sensitive and specific alternative, to traditional methods, but these benefits must be balanced against cost. Protocols using small volumes have described where the reaction taken place in capillary tubes, and small volumes work...

[ 242 ] - Fetal Growth Curve in Neonates in Alzahra Hospital in Rasht

ABSTRACT Evaluation of intrauterine growth and determination of at risk neonates was done by weight criteria for each pregnancy age. This criteria in different populations is not similar. Main objective of this study was determination of intrauterine growth pattern in this region. Weights of 2380 term neonates and 788 preterm neonates that had a definite LMP and were born at Alzahra hospital i...

[ 243 ] - Drug Resistance Patterns of Typhoidal and Non-typhoidal Salmonella Species in Hamadan

ABSTRACT The epidemiological studies indicate that the incidence of salmonellosis is increasing throughout the world. The uncontroled and unappropriate usage of antibiotics has been caused multi - drug resistance in these organisms, in recent years. In a cross-sectional descriptive study, 204 strains of typhoidal salmonella (T.S) and 114 strains of non-typhoidal salmonella (N.T.S) were exami...

[ 244 ] - Antibiotics in Qazvin Pysicians' Prescriptions

ABSTRACT Inappropriate antibutic prescription cause both microbic resistance and imposition of heavy and useless expenditure on patient and remedy-drug system. To analyse prescription indexes regarding antibutics in Qazvin physicians' prescriptions, this descriptive study was conducted on 2100 regular, randomly sampled prescriptions of general physicians, specialists and dentists. These docum...

[ 245 ] - Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection and it's Effective Factors in Butchers of Sari

ABSTRACT Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite which is capable of infecting most of the hot blooded vertebrates. This parasite has a very different prevalence rate. Enviromental conditions and patern of food consumption are effective factors on prevalence rate of infection. Due to an appropriate geographical conditions , Mazandaran province has been one of the most importan...

[ 246 ] - Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in the Slaughterhouse Workers of Tabriz

ABSTRACT Since Toxoplasma is an important infection can be found in human and animal. For serological evaluation of toxoplasma, present study conducted on serum sampels of 144 slaughterhouse workers as case group and 67. Serum sampels of healthy blood donors as control group. All of serum sampels were examined by indirect immunoflouroscence antibody (IFA) method. Difference of antibody titer...

[ 247 ] - Epidemiology of Malaria in Kashan

ABSTRACT Every year in the city of Kashan various number of cases of malaria has been observed. Determination of the prevalence of the disease and the carriers in this area of the country can play a significant role in employing preventive measure as well as in managing logistic services. Through applying retrospective descriptive methods and based on the statistics reported from the Center o...

[ 248 ] - Survey of Cardiovascular Damage due to Atherosclerosis in 112 Patients

ABSTRACT Atherosclerosis is one of the most common disorders in Iran. It usually involved adult males over the age of 60 year. All Major and middle arteries are at risk and usually it has two types effects on arteries, Occlusive lesions in the site of dividing arteries and aneurysmal lesions which occure in abdominal aorta in 90%. Frequency, symptoms and pathologies of atherosclosis is still...

[ 249 ] - Role of Thoracoscopy in Diagnose of Pleural Effiusion with Unknown Source

ABSTRACT Pleural cffusion is caused by many disease, and also is a symptom of others. There are manys for diagnosis of causes of pleural effusion, such as thoracocentesis and needle biopsy. In about 15 to 20 percent we couldnot find any specific causes, for pleural effusion, and we need more Invasive procedure for definitic diagnosis. such as thoracotomy or thoracoscopy. Today most surgcons ra...

[ 250 ] - Survey of Patients with Different Types of Rickets in Fars Province

ABSTRACT There are different causes for rickets. Vitamin D deficiency, disorder in vitamin D metabolism and action, familial x.linked hypophosphatemia, renal failure, hepatic disease & oncogenous rickets are some of the major causes of rickets. In this research we had the opportunity to study 50 cases of rickets during one year period in shiraz. The results showed that vitamin D deficiency wa...

[ 251 ] - Survey of the men's attitude three years after vasectomy

ABSTRACT Despite vasectomy is one of the surest contraceptive methods with minimum complication, has been recieved reluctantly by our society. One of the various factors of this is men's knowledge deficiency about salty of vasectomy. The aim of this study is survey of the men's attitude who was underwent vasectomy after a relatively long period of their operation. This could help men who are ...

[ 252 ] - The Prevalence of Hypothyroidism Mentally Retarded Patients

ABSTRACT The prevalence of hypothyroidism & mental developmental disturbances has been shown to be increased in iodine deficient arease. To Clarify the extent of this relation in Iran, we elected to survey 346 mentally retarded patients of Gillan Institudes. Aster filling a check list for every patient, physical examination was done & blood sample was kept for thyroid function (T3, T4, TSH Ib...

[ 253 ] - Evaluation of Students' Vision Screening Test by School Nurse

ABSTRACT Health screening in student, such as Visual screening test usually carry out by school nurses in many rural schools in Iran. While students are in the growth age, visual acuity may be affected by growth. A Study was carried out to evaluate vision screening test on students in Hamadan, Iran. A sample of 878 pupils examined by a school nurse using E- Chart. According to the test, chil...

[ 254 ] - Prevalence of Depression in Medical Patients admitted in a general hospital

ABSTRACT Many medical patients is general hospital suffer from depression and it seems that depression correlated with longer hospital stay, so correct diagnosis of depression and early pshychiatric consultation are important matter of cocern. In this research prevalence of depression and psychiatric consultation for depressed patients were studied in one of three general hospital of Kerman Un...

[ 256 ] - Infant Acute Hemorragic Edema

ABSTRACT I.A.H.E is a self limiting disorder of infancy urticarial & purpuric plague type lesion in the face & extrimities are its specific sign. Its etiology is unknown, however in many patients a history of preceding upper respiratory infection or drug consumption is detected. In this case of a child with 8 month aged with I.A.H.E is presented to you.

[ 257 ] - Clinical and Electrocardiographic comparison of patients with primary Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome and control group

ABSTRACT: Mitral Valve Prolapse (WVP) in one of the commonest cardiac abnormalities. Echocardiography has generally been accepted as the diagnostic modality of choice, To assess the characteristic symptoms signs and electrocardiographic abnormalities of MVP results of prospective 500 age and sex matched healthy subjects without echocardiographic MVP (control subjects). The diagnostic criteria...

[ 258 ] - A Report of 137 Cases of Thyroidectomy in Dr Heshmat Hospital ,in Rasht ,Guilan (1360 - 1365)

ABSTRACT : To study the indications and results of thyroidectomy in a non-academic hospital in RASHT, the center of Guilan province, we studied the pre- and post-operation status of 137 patients admitted between 1360 -1365 in Dr Heshmat hospital. The pathologic reports of 100 cases were available, and 62 patients presented for postoperative evaluation . Eighty seven percent of the patients we...

[ 259 ] - A Study on Prevalence Rate of Psychiatric Disorders Arising from War with Associated Factors in Hospitalized Patients of Mirzakoochak Hospital ,Rasht, Guilan , in 1365-68.

ABSTRACT: A descriptive study was done to show the prevalence of psychiatric disorders arising from war. Of 1850 hospitalized patients at Mirzakoochak Hospital, 223 patients who had psychiatric disorders due to war were studied by means of questionnaire and clinical interview according to DSM -III -R criteria. The mean age was 22.95 with standard deviation :5.59+. The results showed that %65....

[ 260 ] - A Study of Meningitis in the Newborn Infants in Hefdah- Shahrivar Hospital,Rasht

ABSTRACT: In a retrospective study on 207 infants who were under medical treatments for sepsis in Hefdah -Shahrivar Hospital,septicemia in 43 patients (20.77%) and meningitis in 21 patients (10.14%) were proved.E.coli is the most common cause of septicemia and meningitis. In Patients with gastroenteritis symptoms, Salmonella and Salmonella paratyphi should be considerd as the most common possi...

[ 261 ] - A Study of Salmonella Infections in Patients of Razi Hospital and Hefdah-Shahriver Hospital ,Rasht.

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was the evaluation of salmonella infections in Guilan . The survey was carried out on 153 patients of two hospitals in Rasht . Test samples included blood ,feces and urine. Samples taken from patients were cultured and biochemical . Serological test for determination of antigenic formmula were carried out .66 patients were positive for salmonella comprising ...

[ 263 ] - Glioblastoma Multiforme in Children, A Case-Report

ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma multiforme is the most malignant primary brain tumor .It usually occurs in the 5th and 6th decades of life and is rare in childern. In this paper a case of glioblastoma multiforme is reported in a ten year - old child who presented with two week's history of headache with no neurological defect.C.T scan revealed å right frontal mass with massive surrounding oedema. He w...

[ 264 ] - Drooling and Various Therapeutic Modalities

ABSTRACT: Droolig or sialorrhea is a common stigmatizing problem in neurologically damaged child or adult. It is troublesome in perhaps one-third of children with cerebral palsy. Drooling occurs when there is a lack of coordinated control of facial, head and neck musculature. Various therapeutic modalities are advocated for the treatment of drooling ,such as surgical or non surgical, some of ...

[ 265 ] - An Epidemiologic Study In 55 Pre-eclamptic and AS Eclamptic Patients In Rasht Maternity Hospital

ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to analyse various possible risk factors and the laboratory findings in preeclamptic-eclamptic Patients in the only referral center for this kind of Patients in the province of Guilan ,whose capital city is Rasht . In this study only the patients having pure preeclampsia with or without convulsion (eclampsia)were included deliberately. Most of the patien...

[ 266 ] - Epidemiological & Laboratory Study on Scorpion Stings in Khuzestan Province

ABSTRACT: From 188 cases of scorpion stings in patients at the ages of one month to 60 years admitted to the University Hospitals , 43.1% were from rural and 56.9% from peri-urban areeas. 78.3% were admitted in the period of April to August .The lower parts of body were more exposed to the sting. Distribution of stings in both sex ( male and female ) was the same. Scorpions of Buthidae and Sc...

[ 267 ] - The Effects of Sunlight on Blood Pressure and Plasma Concentration of Na+,K+,T3,T4 B.

ABSTRACT: The exposure to light affects the biological functions of human.This Study has investigated the effects of duration of sunlight exposure on blood pressure and plasma concentration of Na+,K+,T3, T4 The subjects are two groups of workers from a construction company in Kerman . The first group (experimental )having an average of 8 Workhours in Sunshine (n=84) and the Second one (contro...

[ 269 ] - Intra Abdominal Ectopic Pregnancies and an Interesting Case Report about It

ABSTRACT:  One of the rarest types of ectopic pregnancy is abdominal form which has a high mortality and morbidity rate .An abnormal case of abdominal form is presented in this article . The patient is a 30-year-old multi - parous Afganian refugee who had a history of three previous normal pregnancies and deliveries .The Fourth Pregnancy, however , had been terminated by a piece of shrapnel. ...

[ 271 ] - بررسی و درمان آبسه مغزی Evaluation and treatment of Brain Abscess)

ABSTRACT: Brain abscess is a localized parenchymal infection of the brain , which may develop from three sources:(1)by direct extension of preexisting infection in the paranasal and mastoid sinus.(2) from cranial trauma,(3) by hematogenous spread. Brain abscess occurs more frequently in the young and in males. With more common utilization of anaerobic cultures,it has become apparent that a gr...

[ 272 ] - Secretors ,Non - Secretors and Semi-Secretors in A,B,0 System

ABSTRACT: Two thousands and one hunderd Tehranian healthy blood donors were investigated for the presence of salivary ABH substances.Saliva and blood samples collected were analysed .The frequency of ABH non secretors in A,B,O and AB groups were 25.4% ,25.1%, 23.3% and 26.6% respectively Semi -Secretors have a frequncy of 19% in AB group. The mean value of non secretors was 25.1%. No correlati...

[ 273 ] - CLINICOEPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF HUMAN FASCIOLIASIS IN GUILAN

ABSTRACT: Following an outbreak of hypereosinophilia in 1988 in Guilan province of Iran (particularly in Bandar Anzali and Laheejhan) a clinicoepidemiological study on 2364 patients was carried out. All patients were clinically examined and routine hematological tests were performed. Samples of stool from 884 patients (convenient sampling) were parasitologically examined, using different metho...

[ 274 ] - A Study of Height and Weight in the Students of Rasht and Sangar,1989.

SUMMARYLATE The body weight (BW) and height are important creteria for assesment of the health status of children and adolescents. The BW and height curve of guilanian girls and boys may be different from the curve of other areas of Iran and other countries. In autumn of 1989 we studied the BW (with indoor clothes) and the height (without shoes )in 6206 girls and boys in randomly selected sc...

[ 275 ] - Study and Evaluation of Formulation and Nutritional values of parenteral Nutrition Formulae of Iranian Generic Project in Ten Major General Hospitals

Abstract: Parenteral Nutrition Formulae in Iranian Generic Project were studied in 31 patients hospitalized in ten major general hospitals in Tehran and Shiraz. Estimated theoretical energy (Calculated Energy Value or CEE) using Harris- Benedict equations and applying the Cerra stress factor was compared with the amount of energy estimated via indirect calorimetric technique (Measured Energy ...

[ 276 ] - Toxoplasmosis in the Pregnant Women and its Transmission to the Embryo in Rafsanjan City, Iran

SUMMARY In this investigation, 203 blood Samples collected from admitted pregnant Women of "Nik-Nafs" Maternity hospital of Rafsanjan, were examined to detect Toxoplasma antibodies by an indirect immunofluorescent assay (IFA). A total of 98 cases (48.3 Percent)were positive with titers of 1:16 or higher. There was no significant difference in prevalence rate between pregnant women of city and ...

[ 277 ] - One Case-report of Hand-Schuller-christian Syndrome in Children

SUMMARY Histiocytosis X is associated with idiopathic Proliferation of histiocytes and infiltration of eosinophils in bone marrow Spleen, Liver and other Soft tissues. Clinically there are three distinct forms:  1 - Eosinophilic granuloma is the most benign and Localized form of the disease.  2- Letterer- Siwe is the most malignant, generalized and fatal form of the disease.  3- Hand- Schul...

[ 279 ] - Nutrition of school children at the Ages of 6-12 A review

SUMMARY The rate of growth in school children is very slow compared to younger children. On the average, they gain 2.3 kg in weight and grow 6.25 cm. in height annually. In this review we consider the growth charts which are widely used for monitoring the growth rate of children. One of the most important factors in growing children is to meet their nutritional needs. The caloric demands for ...

[ 280 ] - Effet of low-dose Aspirin on mortality of Acute myocardial Infarction

SUMMARY Between Aug. 1982 and March 1984, In a prospective, randomized trial approximately 24 hours after the onset of acute myocardial, infarction (MI), the influence of Low dose aspirin (120-150 mg/day, just during inhospital phase), on inhospital and post- hospital mortality rate was studied in 62 patients, and compared with control group. The two groups were comparable with regard to age,...

[ 282 ] - Metastatic skin carcinoma, A Report on a Rare case

SUMMARY Development of metastatic deposits in skin indicates that the cancer is disseminated, and reveals a poor prognosis.but rarely, it is possible for cutaneous metastasis to be the first clinical manifestation of an occult internal malignancy. Unfortunately, a few of cutaneous metastatic deposits have characteristic clinical appearance, that may suggest the possibility of metastasis in dif...

[ 287 ] - Kala- Azar in Khoozestan Part one (1971-1980)

SUMMARY In parasitological and serological (Fluoresent) studies of 125 clinically suspected Kala- azar patients from different areas of Khooszestan province,51 cases (40.8%) were proved to have leishmanial infection. From 101 direct examination of bone marrow after staining with Giemsa in 32 cases amastigotes were found and leishmanial antibody were detected in titres 1/64-1/4096 by indirect f...

[ 288 ] - An Epidemiological Survey on a patient with myocardial infarction In Dr. Heshmat Hospital During 5 years.

SUMMARY The most common cause of mortality in man is C.A.D Predisposing factors of this disease vary in different areas. Present research has taken place in Guilan Province in order to achieve an exact understanding of the effective factors for C.A.D. The study was done by a questionaire and on basis of a retrospective approach within 5 years. In this survey, out of 3645 patients with C.A.D, ...

[ 289 ] - Monoclonal Antibodies

SUMMARY Monoclonal Antibodies are identical antibodies and Can be generated in ultimated amounts by countinuos cultures of single antibody- secreting cells. These cell lines are produced by cell fusion of normal lymphocytes to cells of a myeloma tumor cell line, which confers on the antibody producing hybrid cell, immortality and the ability grow as atumor in animals. monoclonal antibodies c...

[ 290 ] - 3- year-Long survey of skin Disease in the skin clinic

SUMMARY It his survey we reviwed over 6816 patients in Gilan one of the northern humid provinces of Iran. This survey showed that our major problem are bacterial, fungal and dermatitis.

[ 292 ] - Physic of Laser

SUMMARY laser operate on the principle that excited atoms can be stimulated to emit photons, Resulting in a Markedly amplified light that possesses the Unique properties of coherence, Monochromacy and high Intensity. The Nature of this light allows precise alteration of tissues, primarily by photocoagulation and disruption which has been Utilized in several forms of surgery.

[ 293 ] - Roots of new of Anatomy in the Islamic and Iranian medical Sorces

SUMMARY Andreus veasalius is the father of anatomy and moderm anatomical scinces. the belgian phyaician (Veasalius)made a considerable of padoa university in Italy, and also after the publication of his famous book about the human body factory" reached the new peak. However in contrary to the belif of medical and eastern historians Veasalius was not quite inventive. he had used the Islamic med...

[ 294 ] - Study of 200 dispensing prescriptions in respect to their formulation suitability.

SUMMARY At the present study a total number of 200 dispensing prescriptions for skin use was studied in respect to the suitability of their formulation ingredients. The results showed that there was problems with almost all dispensed prescriptions including: - insolubility of drug in its prescribed vehiclp. - Insufficiency of alcoholic grade as formulation solvent. - Using tablet or caps...

[ 295 ] - Prevalence of psychiatry disorders in patients with mitral valve Prolapse syndrome

SUMMARY: The mitral valve prolapse syndrome (MVPS) is a common cardiac disorder, occurring in five percent of general population. An association has been claimed between MVPS and psychiatry disorders. In this study 648 patients (mean age 32.2 years, 411 female .237 male subjects) with echocardiographically confirmed MVPS were tested for psychiatry disorders, and compared with 660 control group...

[ 296 ] - Measurment of stable Glycosylated Hemoglobin (Hb A1) and Its unstable type (pre- Hb A1c) with the lon- exchange Chromatography in Diabetic patients

SUMMARY: At present, measurment of glycosylated hemoglobin, especially the stable fraction of hemoglobin (HbA1c) is one of the ways to control diabetes because this measurment can demonstrate total glycemia during last 1.2.3 months. Glycosylated hemoglobin is seen in 3 forms: Ala Alb A1c. Among these hemoglobin Alc is quantitively more than other 2 forms and its difference with other hemoglobi...

[ 297 ] - The prevalence of sheehan disease in laborers of Rasht Maternity hospital in 1984.

SUMMARY: In 1990 for determining the prevalence of sheehan Disease, we reviewed the available medical records of 20,000 pateints admittd in 1984 at RASHT Maternity Hospital. 485 pateints who had at least, one of these criteria were included in this study: max.blood pressure at least one time< 70 mmHg; report of abnormal vaginal bleeding, and Hg <10g/dl. The addresses of 403 cases were availabl...

[ 298 ] - COARCTATION OF THE AORTA Negligence in Diagnosis Four (Case- Reports).

SUMMARY: Coarctation of the aorta is a congenital heart disease consisting 7% of total congenital heart diseases. Its prevalence in men is 2 times more than that in women. This disease is associated with other congenital diseases. including aortic bicuspid valve, the linkage between two ventricles and arteriole channel It is often seen in the Turner syndrome which may lead to complications su...

[ 299 ] - Leishmania tropica in Guilan Province, report of 3 Cases

SUMMARY: Leishmaniasis is one of the endemic diseases in Iran. Here we present 3 Cases in Guilan Up to the present time. This is the first report of leishmania tropica in this region

[ 300 ] - Kawasaki Disease in Children: A Case Report.

SUMMARY: Kawasaki is an acute multisystemic disease affecting Predominantly. Children below 4 years of age. Having a Self- limited Course, it often Presents as Vasculitis. The Principal Complications are Stomatitis, conjunctivitis. Lymphadenopathy, Skin rashes as well as involvment of cardiovascular, alimentary and nervous system. In this article we report the First case of Kawasaki Disease ...

[ 302 ] - بررسی هیرسوتیسم در 107 بیمار

SUMMARY Investigation of Hirsutism in 107 Patients Dr. Mir Hadi Aziz Jalali. Department of Dermatology, Razi Hospital Gilan University of Medical Sciences. Today hirsutism is one of the problems of pateints referring to dermatologic & Endocrinologic clinics. In 107 hirsute women the following indexes were investigated : age, marital status, menstruation rate of fertility , weight , similar...

[ 303 ] - بیماری شیهان گزارش هفده مورد از رشت

SUMMARY During eight years, 1359-1366, seventeen cases with Sheehan's disease was seen. The age of the patients at the time of postpartum hemorrhagic shock was 30±7( mean± 1 SD ) years and at admission was 41 ± 10 ( mean ± 1 SD) years . weakness , palor, and Amenorrhe a was the three most common presenting complaints . Nine patients was referred with the diagnosis of Sheehan's disease (4 cases...

[ 304 ] - لوسمی میلوئید مزمن در کودکان و گزارش یک مورد

SUMMARY Chronic Myeloid Leukemia In Children And a Case – Report Dr. Roya Ejte mai , Assistant. professor, Gilan University of medical Sciences, Rasht . The case is a ten-years - old boy. During examinations for massive splenomegaly, his disease has been diagnosed chronic Myelogenous leukemia (CML), and also philadelphia chromosome was revealed during chromosomal analysis. The patient was t...

[ 305 ] - دردهای جلوی قلبی در اثر بیماریهای احشاء همراه با تغییرات (E.K.G) WEDDESKY PHENOMENON گزارش شش مورد

SUMMARY REPORT OF 6 CASES WITH ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHIC ST- T CHANGES DURING CHES PAIN INDUCED BY UPPER ABDOMINAL DISORDERS. DR. AUNOSI BAR/ICAR ; CHIEF CARDIOLOGIST GIULAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES RASHT. IRAN 6 Cases of precordial pain caused by upper Abdominal Problems including gall stones, Acute cholecystitis , Acute pancreatitiy and Duodenal ulcer are being reported in this article. ...

[ 306 ] - عوارض قلبی عروقی قرصهای ضد بارداری خوراکی

SUMMARY Cardiovascular complication of oral contraceptives Mohammad Reza Afraz M.D. cardiologist Assistant professor, Gilan university of medical sciences, Rasht. Soon after the introduction of oral contraceptive agents in 1960, the potential risks of cardiovascular disease became apparent. Most investigators agree that there is an increased incidence of hypertension, myocardial infarction, c...

[ 307 ] - اپوئید‌‌ها(Opioids) و دستگاه گوارش

SUMMARY The term opioid was coined to refer in a generic sense to all drugs, natural and synthetic, with morphin - like actions. Three distinct families of peptides have been identified so far in gastrointestinal (GI) nervous system in mammalian. These peptides include : dynorphin, Met - enkephalin and leu - enkephalin . Results from studies about opioid which have been started 15 years ago ...

[ 308 ] - جذام بیماری قرن‌ها

SUMMARY The object of this article is to review the main subject of leprosy. According to our knowledge at least in more than 12 Iranian provinnces, leprosy is endemic. Clinical epidemiology feature some aspect of imunology and new theraputical procedure have been discused in this reviw.

[ 309 ] - Association between Mental Health and Coronary Heart Disease: A Prospective Cohort Study

Background and purpose: According to some evidence, psychological factors play an important role in the development and progression of cardiac diseases. But there are contradictions about the independent relationship between psychological distress and coronary heart disease. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between mental health and non-fatal coronary heart disease (CH...

[ 310 ] - Awareness of Students in Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences about Orthodontic Treatment

Background and purpose: Malocclusion is the most common developmental disorder. Many people undergo orthodontic treatment for cosmetic reasons. Knowledge about the need for orthodontic treatment in different population groups could help in having an appropriate perspective towards providing orthodontic treatments and planning for reasonable services in the community at macro level. The purpose ...

[ 311 ] - Effect of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Perovskia abrotanoides on Glucose, Cholesterol and HDL Levels in Diabetic Rats

Background and purpose: Diabetes mellitus is a highly prevalent disease and there is a global interest in using traditional and herbal medicine in treatment of this disease and other diseases. This study aimed at comparing the effects of hydroalcoholic extract of Perovskia abrotanoides and Glibenclamide on serum glucose, HDL, and cholesterol levels in diabetic rates. Materials and methods: In ...

[ 312 ] - Intestinal Parasitic Infection among Primary School Children in East of Mazandaran Province, Iran

عفونت‌های انگلی روده‌ای ازجمله بیماری‌های شایع در کودکان به‌ویژه در مدارس می‌باشد. بررسی و تعیین آلودگی دانش‌آموزان به این عفونت‌ها در مقاطع مختلف به‌ویژه در مناطق روستایی و شهری از اولویت‌های تحقیقاتی به‌منظور تشخیص و درمان در انگل‌شناسی پزشکی و سیستم بهداشتی و درمانی می‌باشد(1،‌2). از طرفی انگل‌های روده‌ای باعث اختلال در رشد ذهنی و تکامل شناختی کودکان می‌شود. مهم‌ترین و ارزان‌ترین راه پیشگیری...

[ 313 ] - Expression of Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 1 in Patients with Colorectal Cancer in North of Iran

Background and purpose: High cancer related mortality can be due to the presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs). Studies suggest aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH1) as a marker of CSCs. The aim of this study was to investigate its expression in colorectal cancer and also its association with clinicopathologic characteristics. Materials and methods: In a retrospective study, patients with colorectal ca...

[ 314 ] - Prevalence of IMP and SPM Genes in Clinical Isolatesof Carbapenem Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in Educational Hospitals of Sari, Iran

Background and purpose: Acinetobacter Baumannii is an opportunistic bacterium, which is considered as a concern in hospitals throughout the world due to high antibiotic resistance rate. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of carbapenem resistance genes in clinical isolates of this bacterium. Materials and methods: In this study, 100 clinical isolates of Acinetobacter Bauman...

[ 315 ] - Association between Anthropometric Indices and Breast Cancer Based on the Data of the Enrolment Phase (cross-sectional) in Tabari Cohort Study: The Causal Relationship or Violation of Temporality

Background and purpose: The relationship between obesity and the risk of breast cancer has been highlighted in some studies. This research aimed at studying the association between anthropometric indices and breast cancer based on enrolment phase (cross-sectional phase) data in Tabari cohort study. Materials and methods: In this cohort, 51 cases of breast cancer were recorded which were consid...

[ 316 ] - The Visuospatial Episodic Memory in Persian-speaking Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

Background and purpose: Memory dysfunction is one the most common challenges of patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Memory has a major role in daily life and influences social communication of individuals. The aim of this research was to investigate the function of nonverbal episodic memory in Persian speaker patients with MS. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 46 patient...

[ 317 ] - Comparing the Effects of Deep and Surface Aeration Methods on Density and Type of Airborne Bactria and Fungi in Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant

Background and purpose: Emission of bioaerosols from wastewater treatment plants is a potential hazard to human health. In this study aimed at investigating the effects of surface and deep aeration techniques on density and type of airborne bacteria and fungi in two municipal wastewater treatment plants. Materials and methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was done in two wastewater t...

[ 318 ] - Researchable Clinical Problems from the Viewpoint of Healthcare Providers: A Qualitative Study

Background and purpose: There is lack of concordance between researchers' interests and clinical problems. This study aimed at explaining researchable clinical problems from the perspective of healthcare providers to provide a better understanding of the issues that could be solved by the health system. Materials and methods: This qualitative study was carried out in 27 healthcare providers in...

[ 319 ] - Rejection Rate in Kidney Transplant Recipients in Kermanshah, Iran: 1989-2016

Background and purpose: Kidney transplant is a major form of renal replacement therapy in many patients at advanced stages of the disease. Transplant rejection is a major complication following kidney transplant that could be reversible or irreversible. The present study was done to investigate the incidence of irreversible kidney transplant rejection. Materials and methods: A retrospective co...

[ 320 ] - Prevalence and Antibiotic Resistance Pattern of Citrobacter freundii Isolated from A Burn Center

  Background and purpose: Citrobacter freundii causes variety of infections, including respiratory tract infection, wound infection, meningitis, and urinary tract infection. The bacterium is considered as one of the main concerns in healthcare settings due to high antibiotic resistance patterns. The current research aimed at studying the prevalence of C. freundii strains in burned patients and...

[ 321 ] - Sporadic and Non-syndromic Bilateral Humeroradial Synostosis: A Case Report

Non-syndromic bilateral humeroradial synostosis is a very rare congenital anomalies of the upper limbs. This condition often occurs in conjunction with various syndromes and is associated with a positive family history. Herein, we report a 6 year old boy with non-syndromic bilateral humeroradial synostosis, without aplasia, hypoplasia or family history. Both elbows were constant at 90 degrees f...

[ 322 ] - Correction to: Investigation of Electrocoagulation Process Performance with DC Current in Treatment of Poultry Slaughterhouse Wastewater Using Aluminum Electrodes

Correction to: Investigation of Electrocoagulation Process Performance with DC Current in Treatment of Poultry Slaughterhouse Wastewater Using Aluminum Electrodes     Zabiholllah Yousefi1, Hossein Sahebian2, Abdoliman Amouei3, Reza Ali Mohammadpour4, Ebrahim Zarei5   1 Professor, Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Faculty of Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Science...

[ 323 ] - Evaluation of Protein Complexes in Muscular Atrophy Using Interaction Map Analysis

Background and purpose: Muscular atrophy is a condition derived from different diseases and aging. Molecular study of the disease condition can help in developing diagnostic methods and treatment approaches. In this study, protein interaction network was analyzed to understand molecular events at protein levels. Materials and methods: In this experimental study, the network was constructed and...

[ 324 ] - Comparing Healing Effects of Olive Leaf Extract Ointment and Dermaheal Ointment on Cutaneous Wound in Diabetic Rats

Background and purpose: Diabetes mellitus is highly prevalent in the world and poor wound healing in diabetic patients is a serious public health issue nowadays. In this study, we evaluated the healing effects of olive leaf extract ointment on cutaneous wound in diabetic rats. Materials and methods: Thirty six male rats were di­vided into three groups: a control group and two experimental grou...

[ 325 ] - Comparing the Antifungal Effect of Sodium Hypochlorite, Deconex, Zataria multiflora, and Artemisia aucheri on the Surface of Acrylic Resin Dentures: An Experimental Study

Background and purpose: In recent decades, various efforts have been made to replace synthetic materials with natural disinfectants that have less disadvantages and lead to similar or even better results. The present study was conducted to compare the effect of Artemisia aucheri and Zataria multiflora as natural disinfectants with those of Deconex and sodium hypochlorite as two industrial disin...

[ 326 ] - Molecular Detection of Bacterial Etiology of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Background and purpose: Etiology of rheumatoid arthritis is not fully recognized. The purpose of this study was to use universal and specific primers to trace bacteria in the blood and synovial fluid in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Materials and methods: In this experimental study, a PCR method was developed to identify a wide range of bacteria in general and Staphylococcus aureus in sp...

[ 327 ] - Effects of Resistance Training and Lifestyle Modification on TCD4+cell Count and Body Composition of HIV+ Patients

Background and purpose: Anti-retroviral therapy has raised life expectancy of HIV+ patients, but, it is associated with some adverse effects. Physical exercise as a non-pharmacological approach could be helpful in reducing some adverse effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of resistance training (RT) and lifestyle modification program (LMP) on TCD+ cell count and b...

[ 328 ] - Comparing the Efficacy of Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy and Integrative Behavioral Couple Therapy in Improving the Symptoms of Emotional Regulation in Couples with Marital Conflict

 Background and purpose: Current research was carried out to compare the effectiveness of integrative approaches; Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy (EFT) and Integrative Behavioral Couple Therapy (IBCT) in improving the symptoms of emotional regulation in couples with marital conflict. Materials and methods: Statistical population included all couples attending Ahvaz Mehrvaran Psychological C...

[ 329 ] - Depression, Anxiety, and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Patients with Depression Receiving Citalopram and Supportive Group Psychotherapy: A Six-month Longitudinal Study

Background and purpose: Depression is a common psychiatric disorder in patients with breast cancer. This study was performed to follow-up breast cancer patients with depression receiving citalopram and group psychotherapy for six months. Materials and methods: This clinical trial was conducted in 40 breast cancer patients with depressive disorder. Among the patients, 20 received citalopram (20...

[ 330 ] - Effect of Teriparatide (CinnoPar®) in Treatment of Non::union:: Bone Fractures

Background and purpose: Non::union:: of bone fracture is a clinical and treatment challenge. Satisfactory repair of orthopedic fractures is of great importance and systemic treatment is used to achieve this goal. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Teriparatide (CinnoPar®) on non::union:: fractures. Materials and methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted in 17 patients with n...

[ 331 ] - Effect of Continuous Flushing on Patency Time of Peripheral Intravenous Catheters

Background and purpose: Occlusion is a decreasing factor on longevity of peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVCs). Continuous flushing (injection of specific volume of solution such as Normal Saline (N/S) before and after each drug infusion into PIVCs at determined interval time) is one of the effective methods in in vitro studies to maintain the PIVCs patency. The aim of this study was to inve...

[ 332 ] - Orthodontic Treatment Need in 12-14 Year-Old School Students in Sari, Iran

Background and purpose: Malocclusion is the most prevalent dental anomaly that influences the function of affected people. As a common orthodontic index, the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Needs (IOTN) classifies the malocclusions according to occlusal indexes of an individual. This research aimed at evaluating the need for orthodontic treatment in students aged 12-14 years old in Sari using IO...

[ 333 ] - Epidemiologic Investigation of Acute Q Fever in North of Iran

 Background and purpose: Q fever is a worldwide zoonosis which is an endemic in many regions. Its diagnosis is usually missed especially in human. This research aimed at investigating acute Q fever among suspected patients in northern Iran. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 56 suspected cases of Q fever selected from 476 febrile patients admitted in Qaemshahr R...

[ 334 ] - Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of Midwives Self-Efficacy for Labor Support Scale

Background and purpose: The midwife's self-efficacy in supporting mothers during labor affects the onset of midwifery support in labor and childbirth. To date, there is no appropriate national instrument for measuring midwives self-efficacy of labor support in Iran. The present study aimed to investigate the factorial structure, validity and reliability of the Persian version of the self-effica...

[ 335 ] - Textbook Content Analysis Based on the Viewpoints of Dentistry Students: The Case of &quot;English for Dentistry Students&quot;

Background and purpose: Recognizing the educational needs of students determine their learning goals and leads to better design of course books and educational materials. In this regard, high quality textbooks are a real need. This study aimed to analyze the content of "English for Dentistry Students'' course book based on the viewpoint of dental students. Materials and methods: A descriptive ...

[ 336 ] - Molecular Detection of Leishmania spp. in Negative Smears of Patients with Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Bam, Southeast Iran

Background and purpose: There are various clinical forms of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and there is lack of access to diagnostic local laboratories especially in endemic regions. The present study aimed to conduct molecular examination of the typical and atypical clinical forms of CL in endemic area of Bam, Iran. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out between 2013 ...

[ 337 ] - Frequency of c.1905+1G>A Mutation in DPD Gene among Patients with Colorectal Cancer in Mazandaran Province

Background and purpose: 5-Flourouracil (5-FU) is one of the most common chemical drugs used in chemotherapy of patients with cancers. Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) is a critical enzyme in the catabolism of 5-FU. More than 80% of the administered 5-FU is catabolized by DPD. c.1905+1G>A mutation on DPD gene is the most important mutation associated with DPD enzymatic deficiency which lead...

[ 338 ] - Comparing Vitamin B12 and Nitrous Oxide Neurotoxicity in Operating Room Staff and other Hospital Staff: A Multicenter Study

Background and purpose: Nitrous oxide (N2O) is an anesthetic widely used in operating rooms. Chronic exposure to N2O causes decrease in mental performance, peripheral neuropathy, and polyneuropathy. The aim of this study was to compare neurological complications caused by N2O exposure between operating room staff and other hospital staff. Materials and methods: In this multicenter cohort study...

[ 339 ] - Frequency of Delirium after Hip Fractures Surgery

Background and purpose: Delirium is a recurrent cognitive disorder which is one of the most common neurologic diagnosis in patients who have had pelvic surgeries. This complication occurs in a short time and early diagnosis results in early management. Current study was done to investigate the frequency of delirium and identifying the factors affecting its incidence in patients with pelvic surg...

[ 340 ] - Influence of Demographic Characteristics, Shift Work, and Job Demands on Nurses Safety Attitude

Background and purpose: Patient safety culture is essential in preventing patient injuries in hospitals. Safety attitude is one of the valid tools used in assessment of safety culture among nurses. The purpose of this study was to investigate the nurses safety attitude and also understanding the effect of demographic characteristics, work shifts, and job demands on that. Materials and methods:...

[ 341 ] - Attitude of Nurses and Nursing Students to Spiritual Care in Iran: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Background and purpose: Attitude of nurses and nursing students toward spirituality and spiritual care is a major factor in meeting patients spiritual needs. This study aimed at investigating the attitude of nurses and nursing students toward spirituality and spiritual care in Iran using a meta-analysis. Materials and methods: National and international databases were searched using relevant k...

[ 342 ] - A Review on Current Status and Future Potential of Transdermal Patches as a Promising Drug Delivery System

Transdermal patches are now widely used in topical and transdermal drug delivery systems (TDDS). Up to now, TDDS has been used in several conditions, such as smoking cessation, analgesic effect, nausea, contraception, and hormone therapy. Basically, there are two types of transdermal patches: the reservoir-type patches and the matrix-type patches. First generation TDDS were designed for deliver...

[ 343 ] - Correction to: Intestinal Parasitic Infections in Patients Attending Gastrointestinal Clinics

Correction to: Intestinal Parasitic Infections in Patients Attending Gastrointestinal Clinics     Niloofar Amin1,  Hafez Fakheri2, Vahid Hossini2, Hajare Ziaei3, Azadeh Dadashi1, Bahman Rahimi4, Shirzad Gholami5   1 Medical Student, Student Research Committee, Faulty of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran 2 Professor, Department of Gastroenterology, Gut ...

[ 344 ] - Correction to: Frequency of Psychiatric and Psychological Disorders in Patients with Type II Diabetes

Correction to: Frequency of Psychiatric and Psychological Disorders in Patients with Type II Diabetes     Mollod Eskandari Khanghahi1, Seyyed Hamzeh Hosseini2, Ozra Akha3, Mahdie Nasiri4   1 General Practitioner, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon Branch, Tonekabon, Iran 2 Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mazandaran University of ...

[ 345 ] - Construction of the Recombinant Plasmid Expressing AID under the Control of Temperature-sensitive Promoter of Bacteriophage Lambda

Background and purpose: Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) is a B-cell specific enzyme responsible for somatic hypermutation (SHM) and class switch recombination (CSR) of antibody genes within the B-cell follicle of peripheral lymphoid organs. Ectopic overexpression of the enzyme leads to mutations in non-B cells and Escherichia coli (E.coli) genes. However, induction of mutations in E...

[ 346 ] - Factors Affecting the Progression of Retinopathy in Type 2 Diabetes

Background and purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the factors affecting the progression of retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes. Materials and methods: In this historical prospective cohort study, 728 patients with type 2 diabetes, attending Sari Tooba Clinic, were followed up for retinopathy. Data analysis was performed using accelerated failure time Weibull regression mod...

[ 347 ] - Effects of Crocin on Oxidative Stress Indices in Rat Brain Demylated with Ethidium Bromide

Background and purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of crocin (Cr) on brain oxidative stress indices in animal model demyelinated with intracerebroventricular ethidium bromide (EB). Materials and methods: In an interventional study, female Wistar rats were randomly divided into 7 groups. Crocin administration was done 1 day after EB injection for 21 days. The value...

[ 348 ] - Antioxidant and Pro-oxidant Effects of Aminoguanidine on HepG-2 Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Line

Background and purpose: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most fatal cancers, so, proposing new anticancer agents is highly valuable. Production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is increased in majority of cancers. Increase in ROS leads to cell damage and death. Aminoguanidine (AG) (pimagedine) is one of the compounds that can produce ROS at high concentrations. The present study was...

[ 349 ] - Daily Intake of Pesticide Residues in Melon and Watermelon Samples in Kashan, Iran

Background and purpose: Pesticides cause general concern due to their possible adverse results on human health. The aim of this study was to investigate different pesticides and also estimating daily intake of their residues in melon and watermelon samples in Kashan, Iran. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 62 melon and watermelon samples were collected from different fruit ...

[ 350 ] - Frequency of Mortality for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and Its Associated Factors in Mazandaran Heart Center

Background and purpose: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is used in treating coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of mortality for CABG and its associated factors in Mazandaran Heart Center, Iran. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in 600 patients. Incidence of death was recorded during CABG and before discharge. Ass...

[ 351 ] - Frequency and Pattern of Social Network Use in Medical Students, Sari, Iran

Background and purpose: Nowadays, social networks are considered as the major communication tools in communities and throughout the world. This study aimed at investigating the pattern of social network use in medical students who will have important occupations in healthcare system. Materials and methods: This descriptive-analytical study was carried out in 715 medical students in Mazandaran ...

[ 352 ] - Treatment of Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus by Persian Medicine: A Case Report

Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is a chronic disease in adults. The standard treatment in this type of hydrocephalus is shunting which is accompanied by some complications and there is also uncertainty about response to treatment. Therefore, surgery is performed in only 10-20% of the cases with iNPH. Currently, oral acetazolamide and repetitive lumbar puncture for drainage of th...

[ 353 ] - A Review of Assessment Tools for Oral Feeding in Term and Preterm Infants

Background and purpose: Problems in oral feeding are common in infants, especially in preterm infants. Therefore, assessment of infants feeding could be of great help in making appropriate diagnosis for rehabilitation of swallowing. Therefore, comprehensive and accurate assessment tools are needed. The aim of this study was to review assessment tools used for infants oral feeding. Materials an...

[ 354 ] - Candida auris, an Emerging Fungal Pathogen

The emerging pathogen “Candida auris” is attracting considerable international attention due to its rising reports, transmission through health professionals, high rate of treatment failure and resistance to multiple antifungal agents, particularly fluconazole. In spite of the global emergence of C. auris, epidemiological data and true prevalence of infections due to this organism are not clear...

[ 355 ] - Newest Targets for Anticonvulsant Agents: An Overview

Epilepsy is a neurological condition characterized by recurrent seizures influencing about 1% of the worldwide population. Despite much progress in understanding the pathogenesis of epilepsy, the molecular basis of human epilepsy still remains unclear. Common approaches for pharmacotherapy of epilepsy are still directed towards controlling the symptoms and suppression of seizures. Clinical use ...

[ 356 ] - Inhibitory Effect of Coadministration of Silibinin and CpG-ODN2006 on Metastatic Characteristics (MMP-2 and TLR-9) of Hepatocarcinoma Cell Line

Background and purpose: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a most common liver malignancy and TLR9 (Toll-like receptor) is essential for CpG DNA-induced immune responses. The aim of this study was to assess the anti-metastatic effects of combined administration of silibinin and CpG-ODN2006 on human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG-2 cell line model.  Materials and methods: Inhibitory effects of va...

[ 357 ] - Investigating the Complications of Transplacental Needle Passage in Amniocentesis

Background and purpose: Amniocentesis is the most commonly used method for diagnosis of aneuploid and other genetic disorders of the fetus. Cautious should be taken when entering the amniocentesis needle to avoid entering the placenta. The purpose of this study was to investigate the consequences of needle transposition from the placenta during amniocentesis. Materials and methods: In a cohort...

[ 358 ] - Relationship between CO2 Concentration and Environmental Parameters with Sick Building Syndrome in School and House Settings in Babol, Iran

Background and purpose: Lack of healthy air in classrooms and homes will reduce the level of health and disrupts students’ learning. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between CO2 concentration and other environmental parameters with sick building syndrome in schools and homes in Babol, north of Iran, 2018. Materials and methods: To measure carbon dioxide, temperature, and...

[ 359 ] - Comparing the Effect of Talks and Motivational Interviews on Self-efficacy of Exclusive Maternal Breastfeeding in Primiparous Women

Background and purpose: Breastfeeding self-efficacy is the feeling of confidence of the mother to experience exclusive breastfeeding. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of talks and motivational interviews on breastfeeding self-efficacy in primiparous women. Materials and methods: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in 210 primeval pregnant women attending Torb...

[ 360 ] - Knowledge and Attitudes of Hypertensive Patients on the Use of Traditional and Complementary Medicine

Background and purpose: High prevalence of hypertension (HTN) and its detrimental effects have resulted in more use of traditional and complementary medicine. This study aimed to investigate the knowledge and attitudes of hypertensive patients on the use of traditional and complementary medicine. Materials and methods: This descriptive study was performed in 400 hypertensive patients attending...

[ 361 ] - Effect of Counseling based on Cognitive Behavioral Approach on Self-esteem of Hysterectomized Women of Reproductive Ages

  Background and purpose: Hysterectomy is the second most common cause of surgery in women of reproductive ages. Evidence show that women who undergo hysterectomy suffer from psychological and physical illnesses. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of counseling with cognitive-behavioral approach on self-esteem of hysterectomized women of reproductive ages. Materials and methods...

[ 362 ] - Protective Effect of Zataria Multiflora Boiss against Cisplatin-Induced Hematotoxicity in Mice

Background and purpose: Cisplatin (CP) is an anticancer drug that cause hematological changes. Zataria Multiflora Boiss (ZM) has antioxidant property. The preset study was done to determine the protective effect of ZM against hematological changes induced by Cisplatin in mice. Materials and methods: Thirty two adult male mice (25-30 g) were divided into 4 groups: the control group received nor...

[ 363 ] - Predictors of Menopausal Symptoms in Postmenopausal Women

Background and purpose: Menopause is a normal physiological process which influences the life of many middle-aged women. Studies reported different results on the effects of various factors on severity of menopausal symptoms. This study was designed to identify the factors determining menopausal symptoms in postmenopausal women in Tehran, Iran 2015. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional ...

[ 364 ] - Anesthesiology and Emergency Medicine Personnel Attitudes towards Preoperative Airway Assessment and Its Application in North of Iran

Background and purpose: Preoperative airway assessment is of great importance. The aim of this study was to investigate the attitudes of anesthesia and emergency medicine personnel towards preoperative airway assessment and its use in hospitals located in north of Iran. Materials and methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted among anesthesiology personnel in the hospitals o...

[ 365 ] - Cardiac Metastasis of Breast Cancer: A Case Report

Breast cancer is one of the most common cancers in women. As we know, cardiac metastases occur rarely. In this study, a 40-year-old woman referred to the hospital due to severe pain in the right leg. She was diagnosed with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and received treatment, but, after one month and a half she returned with severe pain, exacerbated shortness of breath, cramping pain, and chest pa...

[ 366 ] - Different Storage Medium for Avulsed Teeth: A Literature Review

Avulsion is complete displacement of tooth from its alveolar socket. Immediate replantation is the best choice at the site of accident. When replantation is not possible, it should be kept in a storage medium. The storage media keeps periodontal cells with less damage to be able to regenerate and attach and prevents root resorption. The medium selected as a storage medium should be easily avail...

[ 367 ] - Brain Structural Changes Caused by Autism Spectrum Disorder Based on Volumetric Analysis of Magnetic Resonance Images: A Review Study

Background and purpose: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a psychiatric disorder which occurs in early years of life and causes various individual and social problems. Early detection of autism would help in taking necessary precautions and preventing its adverse side effects. Methods & Materials: In this paper, we reviewed the articles that have investigated brain structural changes caused by...

[ 368 ] - Materia Introduction of Effective Medicines on Kidney Stones in Persian Medicine

Kidney and urinary tract stones are the most painful diseases of the urinary system that affect the quality of life. At present, various treatments such as medications, crushing and surgical treatments are used which are not effective in some cases or have some complications. Therefore, more efficient and less costly treatments are preferred. In Persian Medicine, the disease is widely investiga...

[ 369 ] - Correction to: Relationship between Air Pollution and Mortality Rate due to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases in Mashhad, Iran

Correction to: Relationship between Air Pollution and Mortality Rate due to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases in Mashhad, Iran     Narges Ghorbani1, Jamshid Yazdani-Charati2,  Siavash Etemadinejad3, Nasrin Ghorbani4   1 PhD Student in Biostatistics, Student Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran 2 Associate Professor, Department of Biostatistics,...

[ 370 ] - Dimensional changes of three-unit implant-supported zirconia frameworks from scanning to sintering

Background and Aims: Passive fitness of implant frameworks are important factors for long-term success of dental implant restorations. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the dimensional changes of implant supported zirconia frameworks fabricated by Zirkonzahn CAD/CAM system during fabrication stages. Materials and Methods: The master model of 3-unit FDP was made of two implant abut...

[ 371 ] - The influence of removable partial dentures on the periodontal health of abutment and non-abutment teeth

Background and Aims: Removable partial denture (RPDs) is a common therapy for rehabilitation of partialy edentulous patients while RPD causes a lot of periodontal problems. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of RPDs made in Babol dental school on the periodontal health of abutment and non-abutment teeth. Materials and Methods: In this cross sectional study, 70 patients who...

[ 372 ] - DMFT and SiC Indices in 15-years-old female students in the city of Rasht, Iran

Background:DMFT index is the most common caries detecting index worldwide. The aim of present study was to determine DMFT as well as the prevalence of highest caries rate or Significant Caries Index (SiC), among 15 years of age female students in the city of Rasht, Iran. Materials and methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 228 female students were selected using stratified multi-st...

[ 373 ] - Midwives’knowledge and practice about oral health in pregnant women,infants and children in Kerman

Background:Maintaining oral health during pregnancy is considered as one of the most important public health issues for mother and children. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the knowledge and practice of midwives about oral health in pregnant women,infants and children in Kerman. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 118 midwives in Kerman wh...

[ 374 ] - Attitude of Kerman dental students towards electronic learning and related factors

Background:In recent years information, communication technology  and electronic learning  have been gain a big role in higher educational level.The aim of the present study was to assessment of Kerman dental students attitude about electronic learning. Materials and methods:This cross-sectional study was carried on 307 dental students, who selected through census sampling method. Data were col...

[ 375 ] - Epidemiologic study of dental trauma in patients presenting to the dental clinic of School of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences during 2011-2018.

Background:Epidemiologic knowledge can signify the importance of prevention, diagnosis and treatment planning. This study aimed to assess the frequency of dental trauma, type of injury, type of treatment performed and time of admission of dental trauma patients presenting to the School of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences during 2011-2018.   Materials and methods: In this retr...

[ 376 ] - Evaluation of health care providers knowledge on importance of preventive orthodontic treatment Original Article

Background:Assessing the knowledge and performance of school health care providers as a means to protect the health of students and identifying barriers to the implementation of oral health programs and the awareness of school health care providers regarding the prevention of oral and dental illness to promote the health of students is important and It is necessary in this research to determine...

[ 377 ] - Evaluation of oral health promotion interventions among 0 to 6 Years old children: Scoping review

Background:Oral health is an important issue, because of its consequences on general health of children. Present study has been provisional to evaluate types and effectiveness of oral health promotion interventions on 0-6 years-old children. Materials and methods:A Scoping review was done, with search in PubMed, Google scholar, ProQuest, Biomed Central and also domestic data bases in SID, Magir...

[ 378 ] - Dentin Dysplasia: ARare Case Report

Introduction: Dentin Dysplasia is one of the rare hereditary diseases that the enamel is normal, but it also affects the dentin and  the shape of the tooth pulp. Due to the low prevalence of this disease, a case of dentin dysplasia with the classical and atypical dentin dysplasia type 1 is presented. Case presentation:A 11-year-old girl with the mobility of lower central teeth that has severe ...

[ 379 ] - IDENTIFYING THE REAL NEEDS OF DIABETIC CHILDREN FOR A BETTER LIFE AND ASSESS THE ALIGNMENT OF COUNTRY RESEARCH ACTIVITIES WITH THESE NEEDS; HI INVENTOR PROJECT

Background: The main problem of modern humans is non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, etc. Diabetes has the highest prevalence. It imposes many costs on society and the patient. Diabetics have special needs for a better life; hence, the researcher's aim is to accomplish them by defining researches and technology missions. Our purpose was to understand the real nee...

[ 380 ] - THE EFFECT OF 4 WEEKS’ AEROBIC TRAINING ON THE CONTENT OF MTORC1 SIGNALING PATHWAY PROTEINS IN HEART TISSUE OF TYPE 1 DIABETES RATS

Background: The mTORC1 pathway is one of the important pathways for protein synthesis in the heart, which can lead to physiological or pathological hypertrophy. Diabetes can lead to defects in this pathway. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of 4 weeks’ aerobic training on the content of mTORC1 signaling pathway proteins in heart tissue of type 1 diabetes rats. Methods: In this ...

[ 381 ] - INVESTIGATION ON THE SAFETY OF AMNIOTIC MEMBRANE EXTRACTS IN IMPROVING DIABETIC FOOT ULCERS (PHASE 1 CLINICAL TRIAL STUDY)

Background: For nearly 100 years, amniotic membranes have been used to treat various types of skin wounds. Amniotic extract is one of the derivatives of amniotic membrane that contains all the properties of amniotic membrane. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of the amniotic membrane extract in the treatment of diabetic ulcers. Methods: This study was an Open labeled clinical tr...

[ 382 ] - THE EFFECT OF ENDURANCE TRAINING IN MATERNAL METABOLIC SYNDROME WITH METFORMIN ON OXIDANT AND ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY IN THEIR NEONATES

Background: High oxidative stress in pregnant women leads to pathogenesis or progression of disease in newborns. The aim of this study was to investigate the Effect of Endurance Training in Maternal Metabolic Syndrome with Metformin on Oxidant and antioxidant Capacity in their Neonates. Methods: To implementation of this experimental research, 16 female Wistar rats weighing 100 ± 20 gr randoml...

[ 383 ] - COMPARE THE EFFECT OF 8 WEEKS OF AEROBIC INTERVAL TRAINING AND GLYCOGOL CONSUMPTION ON SERUM APELIN AND INSULIN RESISTANCE IN WOMEN WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks of aerobic exercise and supplementation of gensing on homocysteine levels, tiroid hormon and insulin resistant in obese women with hypothyroidism. Methods: This study is quasi-experimental study. For this purpose, 40 obese women with hypothyroidism with an average age of 34.62 ± 3.55 years, weight 80.47 ± 3.85 k...

[ 384 ] - COMPARISON OF THE EFFECTS OF INTERVAL TRAINING WITH DIFFERENT DIET ON IL-6, TNF-Α AND SOME OF METABOLIC INDEXES IN OBESITY TYPE 2 DIABETIC MEN

Background: Interleukin-6(IL-6) and Tumor Necroes Factor-alpha (TNF-α) are secreted by adipose tissue and are potential regulators of low grade inflammation and metabolic disorders in Obesity Type 2 Diabetes (OT2D). hence, present study examined the effects of interval training with different diet on low grade inflammation and some of metabolic indexes in OT2D. Methods: forty-five  OT2D men were ...

[ 385 ] - Identification of Human Factors Affecting the Equitable Distribution of Health and Medical Facilities in the Social Security Organization

Background: All people in the community must have fair access to health facilities. Failure to supply and distribute specialized human resources is one of the main causes of inequality in health services. This study aimed to identify the human factors affecting the equitable distribution of health and medical facilities in the Social Security Organization. Methods: This study was conducted as ...

[ 386 ] - The Role of Convergence Sciences in Medicine

Convergence Medicine is a new educational, research and therapeutic branch in medicine that could lead to important changes and innovations both in research and clinical care medicine. This new technology was initiated in 2014 and rapidly expanded throughout the world. Convergence Medicine was planned following Converging Technologies in Science [Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Informatics Techn...

[ 387 ] - Investigating the Factors Related to the Concentration of Umbilical Cord Blood -Endorphins in Newborns Born of Primiparous Women

Background: The body’s strategy for coping with pain and stress in the delivery process is the secretion of opioid peptides, including β-endorphins. The aim of this study was to investigate the factors related to the concentration of umbilical cord blood β -endorphins in newborns born of primiparous women. Methods: In this descriptive study, 80 umbilical cord blood samples from neonates of pri...

[ 388 ] - The Effects of Exercise Therapy on Functional Status in Patients with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Background: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is one of the most commonly encountered peripheral nerve ending disorders that occurs after compression or strangulation of the median nerve in the wrist tunnel. The functional status is greatly impaired in the daily activities of a patient with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and may cause problems for the subjects. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate ...

[ 389 ] - Evaluation of CXCL10 and CXCL11 Genes in Patients with Celiac Disease by Specific Primer Paris

Background: Celiac Disease (CD) is a T cell-mediated disorder. Recent studies suggest the role of chemokines CXCL10 and CXCL11 to promote the arrival of cells into inflamed tissues and in lymphocytic recruitment in active CD. The aim of this study was to investigate the new specific primer pairs for analysis of human CXCL10 and CXCL11 genes in blood samples of CD patients by Polymerase Chain Re...

[ 390 ] - Study of Aerobic Capacity and its Relationship with Lifestyle among Iranian Firefighters in an Industrial Complex

Background: Few quantitative studies in our country have been conducted to investigate the status of cardiovascular fitness in firefighters. The objective of this study was evaluation of aerobic capacity and its relation with the lifestyle of firefighters. Methods:  This study was conducted in 2014 and 165 male firefighters participated in the study. Information such as demographic data as wel...

[ 391 ] - Evaluation of CXCL10 and CXCL11 Genes in Patients with Celiac Disease by Specific Primer Paris

Background: Celiac Disease (CD) is a T cell-mediated disorder. Recent studies suggest the role of chemokines CXCL10 and CXCL11 to promote the arrival of cells into inflamed tissues and in lymphocytic recruitment in active CD. The aim of this study was to investigate the new specific primer pairs for analysis of human CXCL10 and CXCL11 genes in blood samples of CD patients by Polymerase Chain Re...

[ 392 ] - Management of Latent Tuberculosis in Iran

Although screening, finding and treatment of active cases of tuberculosis is very important for control of disease in the community, for reaching to the goals planed by world health organization and approaching to elimination of the disease, it is necessary to find and treat persons with latent infection. Concerning to high prevalence of latent TB in developing countries and resource limitation...

[ 393 ] - Drug Therapy in Patients with Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension

Background: Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension (CTEPH) results from the obstruction of predominantly major pulmonary vessels by organized blood clots and is one of the causes of pulmonary hypertension. The disease is still underdiagnosed and the true prevalence is not clear. The objective of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics and current management of patients w...

[ 394 ] - The Effectiveness of Dialectical Behavior Therapy on Emotion Regulation, Positive and Negative Affect, Aggressive and Self-Injury Behavior of 13-16 Year Old Female Students

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) on emotion regulation, positive and negative affection, aggressive behavior and self-harm in female students. Methods: The research method was experimental with pretest-post-test design with experimental and control groups. The statistical population of the study included all 13- to...

[ 395 ] - Comparative Study of Postpartum Depression in Cesarean Section and Normal Delivery and Neonatal Outcomes

Background: Postpartum depression is a serious and persistent psychological disorder that sometimes causes disability in the daily functioning and activity of the individual. The aim of this study was to evaluate the rate of depression in both normal and selective delivery cesarean groups and their neonatal outcomes. Methods: The present study was a two-stage, descriptive-analytic study. A sim...

[ 396 ] - Evaluation and Comparison of Job Stress Level among Security Workers with Fixed and Shift Work Schedules in Municipality of Tehran

Background: Considering the important role of rest and absence of tension in working environment and consequently promotion of working efficiency, finding ways with the best choices to reduce job stress, seems necessary. Municipality of Tehran with a huge number of employees and with the aim to reduce stress and promote work efficiency is studying this matter seriously. The aim of the present s...

[ 397 ] - The Effectiveness of Behavioral Activation (BA) on Psychological Well-being and Psychological Flexibility in Female Students

Background: The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of Behavioral Activation (BA) on psychological well-being and psychological flexibility in girl students in Tehran city. Methods: In a pretest-post-test test and follow-up with a control group, 30 girl students from Tehran city were selected through Multi-stage cluster and randomly divided to either BA (n=15) and  control group...

[ 398 ] - The Role of Three Dimensional Transvaginal Ultrasound in Detection of Intrauterine Device Displacement in Post Caesarean Section: A Case Report

Intrauterine Devices (IUDs) are used as an efficient and inexpensive method of contracep¬tion. Contraceptive efficacy depends on the intrauterine location of IUD and intrauterine displacement of the IUD leads to decreased contraceptive efficacy. Expulsion of IUD and its penetration into myometrium is one of the complications of IUD. In cases where IUDs are not detected by ultrasound method, in ...

[ 399 ] - Bone Tissue Engineering: a Mini-Review

Despite advances in bone tissue engineering, auto grafts from intra-oral or extra-oral donor sites are still the gold standard for treatment of large craniomaxillofacial defects. Biomaterial development, application of growth factor, and stem cells, open new gateway to bone regeneration studies, but real translation from bench to bedside have not yet happened. In this review article, a number o...

[ 400 ] - Double Role of Mesenchymal Stem Cells in Therapy and Induction of Tumors

Colorectal Cancer (CRC) is the third most common cancer and the second leading cause of cancer-related death all around the world with an estimated 1.2 million new cases and a half million deaths each year. Although some curing methods such as surgery and chemotherapy are used in the early stage of CRC, targeted therapy is one of the principal modes of cancer treatment that could be a reliable ...

[ 401 ] - Identification of the Focus of Attention, Loneliness, Acceptance and Cultural Attitude in Elderly People Located in Care Centers and Independent Elderly

Background: Throughout the life of people, environment can play a crucial role in the process of cognitive, behavioral, and even physical thinking. Thus, the purpose of this study was to identify the focus of attention, loneliness, acceptance and cultural attitude in elderly people located in care centers and independent elderly. Methods: The research method was a causal comparison and the sta...

[ 402 ] - Evaluation of Women’s Satisfaction with the Ministry of Health’s Performance in Relation to Fertility Management and Relationship with Individual Factors

Background: The possible consequences of a sharp decline in fertility, has forced the community leaders and policy makers to revise policies in regard to encouraging the population to give birth to children. The aim of this study was to determine the satisfaction of the people from childbearing government policies in recent years. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed o...

[ 403 ] - The Effect of Health Transform Plan on Satisfaction of Waiting Time and Continuation of Receiving Maternal Health Services in Clients of Community Health Centers of Iran University of Medical Sciences

Background: Fertility care, pre-pregnancy, pregnancy period and postpartum care play a very important role in the early diagnosis and timely and effective treatment of pregnancy and postpartum complications. This study was conducted to assess the effect of health transform plan on satisfaction of waiting time and continuation of receiving maternal health services in clients of community health ...

[ 404 ] - Evaluation of the Pattern of Adherence to Levothyroxine Use and Effect of Education via Pamphlet in Hypothyroidism Patients

Background: Poor adherence is one of causes of inadequate response in patients under treatment with levothyroxine. The aim of present study was to evaluate the effect of individualized patients’ education and giving a pamphlet regarding the proper usage of levothyroxine on patient’s adherence. Methods: A total number of 200 patients who consumed levothyroxine were included to evaluate their ad...

[ 405 ] - Gastritis Cystica Polyposa: Case Report

Endoscopic evaluation of a 51 year old woman, who had referred with a 6-months complaint of epigastric pain and fullness in the upper abdomen, demonstrated a large polyp in the greater curvature of the middle third of the stomach. The size of the pedunculated polyp was about 25 mm. Polypectomy was done by snar base and diluted epinephrine was injected submucosally and in to the stem and polyp r...

[ 406 ] - Exposure Assessment to Environmental Pollutants in Human Health Risk Assessment Studies; Overview on New Approaches

Background & objectives: Because of human exposure to various environmental risk factors during the lifetime, the actual exposure estimation has been considered as one of the most important challenges for researchers and decision makers. Considering the contribution of environmental risk factors in the burden of diseases, this study aimed to provide new approaches in exposure assessment filed b...

[ 407 ] - The Effect of Educational Program on Physical Activity and Sleep in Hemodialysis patients: Applying the Self-Efficacy Theory

Background & objectives: Hemodialysis patients with a regular physical activity and proper sleep show better physical and mental health. As increasing self-efficacy of patients can increase these behaviors, this study was aimed to evaluate the effect of the self-efficacy theory on physical activity and sleep in hemodialysis patients. Methods: This research was an interventional study performed ...

[ 408 ] - Removal of Heavy Metals from Urban Sewage Sludge Using Acidophilic Thiobacillus ferrooxidans

Background & objectives: The presence of heavy metals in urban sewage sludge limits its use as a soil modifier. The purpose of this study was to remove heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb) from urban sewage sludge using Acidophilic Thiobacillus ferrooxidans bacteria. Methods: In this experimental study, the sludge samples were collected from Shiraz wastewater treatment plant. Bioleaching tests were...

[ 409 ] - Removal of 4-Nitrophenol and Organic Dyes from Aqueous Solution Using Ag/ZnO Nanocomposite Prepared by Euphorbia peplus L. Extract

Background & objectives: Nitroanene compounds and toxic dyes are considered major pollutants in sewage of various industries. These synthetic organic compounds are highly toxic and one of the most resistant pollutants in the environment. Developing a simple and effective method to destroy non-biodegradable pollutants into non-hazardous products is one of the major challenges in environmental st...

[ 410 ] - The Application of Systems-Theoretic Accident Model and Process in the Systematic Nonlinear Analysis of Accidents in Car Industry

Background & objectives: Hundreds of methods have been introduced to analyze various events. Hence one of the effective and principle steps in accident analysis is proper and targeted selection of accident analysis method. Traditional methods of accident analysis in complex industries are not comprehensive and examine each components of the system separately. So, the use of new systematic metho...

[ 411 ] - Assessment of Medical Waste Management (A Case Study of Hospitals in Ardabil)

Background & objectives: Medical wastes are of great significance due to their potential environmental impacts. This study aimed to examine the medical waste management in hospitals of Ardabil city in 2016. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, hospitals of Ardabil city (7 hospitals) were studied. Initial data were obtained from library information, observation and checklist. Also, the quanti...

[ 412 ] - Evaluation of Antibiotic Resistance Pattern of Pathogenic Bacteria in the Yasooj Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant

Background & objectives: Wastewater treatment plants represent one of the most important approachs for water conservation. On the other hand, wastewaters can act as a source of antibiotics in aquatic environments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of the Yasooj municipal wastewater treatment plant for removal of Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Listeria monocytog...

[ 413 ] - Evaluation of Soil Pollution with Heavy Metals (Pb, Zn, Cu, Cr, Ni and V) in Ahvaz Parks (2016)

Background & objectives: Heavy metals in urban parks are one of the most important indicators of urban pollution, as children playing in the park can readily be affected. This research was conducted to evaluate the environmental pollution of some heavy metals in Ahvaz parks. Methods: To this end, 26 sampling stations were selected from 20 parks in Ahvaz city and the soil samples were analyzed b...

[ 414 ] - The study of Relationship between Mental Work Load and Sleep Quality in Video Display Terminals Users

Background & objectives: One of the factors affecting the performance of video display terminal users is their mental work load. Since low sleep quality causes fault and decreased accuracy in work, this study aimed to evaluate the relationship between mental work load and sleep quality in video display terminals users. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on 191 video d...

[ 415 ] - The mental health promotion programs and strategies used in US, UK, Russia and Iran’s military organizations: systematic review

Background and Aim: Military staff are exposed to high levels of stress, and as such, and their mental health has long been an area of focus. The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare mental health promotion programs and strategies used in American, British and Russian military organizations, to those used in Iranian military organizations. Methods: This study was a systematic re...

[ 416 ] - Factors affecting the evaluation of teachers by systematic and Delphi methods in the military university in Tehran

Background and Aim: Assessing the quality and evaluation of university professors is important to provide feedback on basic decision making, educational analysis and comprehensive and strategic planning for education officials. The purpose of this study was to identify factors affecting the evaluation of teachers at a military university. Methods: This study was conducted using systematic and D...

[ 417 ] - A Survey of Health Services Cost Patterns in Iranian Elderly: A Systematic Review

Background and Objective: The Hospital expenditures and the growing the elderly population had an important role in increasing the health system expenditures. The purpose of this study was to determine the cost pattern of health services in Iranian elderly people. Materials and Methods: All descriptive and analytic studies done regarding the cost-benefit model of health services in the elderly...

[ 418 ] - The Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment in Hospitals of Iran: A Meta-analysis

Background and Objective: Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment effects in increasing patient’s satisfaction and improving the performance of hospitals. This study aimed to identify a meta-analysis of the relationship between Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment in Iran. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted using a meta-analysis. All published articles on relation...

[ 419 ] - The Types and Causes of Medication Error and Barriers in Reporting it in Internship Nursing Students in Hamadan Nursing Midwifery Faculty

Background and Objective: The risk of medication errors in internship nursing students is due to independence in practice that identification of medication errors is essential for protecting patient safety. The aim of this study was to investigate the types and causes of medication error and barriers in reporting it in internship nursing students. Materials and Methods: This Descriptive-analyt...

[ 420 ] - The Postgraduate Students’ Viewpoint on the Implementation and Launch of Virtual Learning; A Case Study of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences

Background and Objective: Given the importance of its achievements and endless and low-cost expansion of the educational system, virtual education is considered as one of the issues raised by the information communities. The purpose of this study was to examine the viewpoint of postgraduate students about the implementation of virtual education, which will play a decisive role in the success or...

[ 421 ] - Investigation of Antibiotic Resistance Pattern of Bacteria Causing the Urinary Tract Infection in Urine Samples of Patients Admitted in and Referred to Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Hamadan

Background and Objective: Urinary tract infection is the second most common cause of infection in the human body. Among the causes of urinary tract infection, Escherichia coli is the most common bacteria causing the urinary tract infection in both genders (male and female). Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the antibiotic resistance pattern of bacteria causing urinary tract infe...

[ 422 ] - Evaluation of the Prevalence of mec A Gene in Staphylococcus aureus Strains Isolated from Clinical Specimens of Hospitals and Treatment Centers

Background and Objective: Staphylococcus aureus bacteria is a common cause of hospital infections. Resistant strains of this bacterium are a major pathogen in causing disease and death in Iran and the world. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence of mecA methicillin resistance gene and determine antibiotic resistance patterns in S. aureus strains isolated from clinic...

[ 423 ] - Role of Meta cognitive Self-Regulation in Academic Achievement among College Students

Background and Objective: Academic achievement and study of the factors that affecting it are important issues in educational settings, and in several studies, the role of metacognitive self-regulation in the academic achievement of students has been mentioned. The purpose of this study was to determine the role of meta-cognitive self-regulation in academic achievement among students. Material...

[ 424 ] - Measurement of Iodine in Consumed Salts at the Distribution Level and Assessing Post-Training Attitude Status in Providers in Qom

Background and Objective: In order to properly grow the body, the production of thyroxin hormones and Etc. are highly dependent on iodine level. This study was conducted to measure the iodine level in edible salts consumed by food supply centers and training operators to evaluate their performance. Materials and Methods: This semi-experimental study was carried out in Qom city during the perio...

[ 425 ] - Optimizing the condition of rearing Astronotus ocellatus using statistical method Central Composition Design (CCD)

This study was designed to determine the effects of parameters: temperature, pH and dKH on growth indices of Oscar fish (Astronotus ocellatus). For this purpose, in each aquarium, there was specific combinations of temperature, pH and dKH, using design of experiment with Design Expert 7.0, and in total 14 combinations or treatments, each with 3 repetitions and thus, 3 fishes were entered in eac...

[ 426 ] - Comparison of Strategic Plans of Universities and Institutes of Higher Education with a Quantitative Approach

Strategic planning in Iranian universities and institutes of higher education is generally prepared using strategic planning models introduced by experts and other universities. These programs will be published in the form of university strategic planning documents. These documents have such features that can be similar or different than the programming templates used. Existence of the similar...

[ 427 ] - A Qualitative Study on the Necessity of Transition from Discipline-based Model to Knowledge-based One in Farhangian University

This paper seeks to analyze the debate of two models in educational management, the discipline-centered and knowledge-based tradition, with an emphasis on the structural and modality differences between Daneshsar and Farhangian University, according to Michel Foucault's view of discipline and correction policies. In this paper, the qualitative and in particular the Grounded theory are used, and...

[ 428 ] - Identifying the Consequences of Formation and Development of Shadow Education in the Educational System: A Phenomenological Study

Ambiguity in the philosophy of education and failure to meet the requirements, on the one hand, and the lack of background and anxiety for the institutionalization of educational philosophy in the educational system and the illiterate outbreak of the tendency to develop testing skills in the students on the other hand has risks at the individual and social levels. This study conducted a semi-st...

[ 429 ] - Designing Professional Consulting Model in Iran's Universities

The purpose of the present paper was to design the professional consulting model in Iranian universities. The current study was conducted with a qualitative design based on Grounded Theory qualitative method. The statistical population of the research consisted of key informants and experts in five groups: political, managerial, sociology, economic, and specialists. As this research is an explo...

[ 430 ] - To Identify the Effective Components on Policymaking based on Market-place in Iran's Higher Education

The main aim of this research was to identify effective components on policymaking based on the market-place in Iran's higher education. The research methodology was qualitative and Grounded Theory, and the data gathering tool was a semi-structured interview. The sampling method was purposive and 40 researchers and specialists of  technology, research and sciences ministry and universities of H...

[ 431 ] - Current Status of Tehran’s Public Universities Based on Factors Affecting the Development of a Sustainable University

The purpose of this study was to investigate the current status of Tehran’s public universities based on factors affecting the development of a sustainable university. An exploratory mixed research method was chosen for this study. In the qualitative section, firstly, through semi-structured interviews with university specialists selected by chain referencing, the components influencing the dev...

[ 432 ] - A Process for Developing the Statement of Internet Research Ethics based on Action Research Method

Background: Research ethics in cyberspace or Internet research ethics (IRE) is a subset of applied ethics that aims to study, introduce, and apply ethical codes for guiding research activities in cyberspace. The compilation of the ethical statement is based on two methods of documentary research and action research. The action research process is implemented in four stages: 1) diagnosis, 2) act...

[ 433 ] - Ethical Principles for Using Laboratory Rat in Scientific Researches

Background: Advancements made in medicine during centuries have been disclosed importance of using animal for research in biology. Appropriate conduction of animal researches needs skilled and experienced researchers who are aware of principles for using laboratory animals. Regarding scientific activities, ethical considerations for using of animals in experiments that are associated with pain ...

[ 434 ] - Professional Ethics as an Effective Indicator on Organizational Entrepreneurship Pattern

Background: Implementation of an organizational entrepreneurship pattern, by determining the effective indicators on it is an important social issue in organization. Indicators give identity to an organizational entrepreneurship pattern. As an effective indicator, professional ethics can be an important motivational tool in the organization, and professional ethics can be an appropriate platfor...

[ 435 ] - Identifying the Effectiveness of Training Philosophical Concepts on Development of Ethical Values

Background: Training philosophy to children and adolescents is the only program that, by teaching philosophy through the discussion, provides the moral developmental requirements for children and adolescents, and this can be done by engaging in ethical exploration that requires critical and creative thinking. This research tries to study the effectiveness of training philosophical concepts on t...

[ 436 ] - Relationship between the Online Social Networks Addiction and Psychological Disorders

Background: The Online social networks addiction like others type of addiction can lead to ethical dilemmas, as well as it can be affected from psychological disorders. So, the aim of this research is to analyze the effect of depression, anxiety and usage time of online social networks on the level of online social networks addiction and on the life satisfaction. Method: The method of research ...

[ 437 ] - Effectiveness of Training Self-control Ethics on Reducing Aggression of Male Students

Background: One of the required conditions for creating and maintaining a satisfactory social relationship is the ability to regulate and control individual behavior in ways that meet the others’ needs and feelings, and when they are angry, they cannot harm anyone and control themselves, which called this behavior as Self-control. The main aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness...

[ 438 ] - Predictability of Nurses Ethical Behavior from Human Resource Management Practices

Background: Today, commitment to ethical behavior is one of the most important concerns of patient care and medical field. The HR managers try to improve the ethical climate in this domain by using effective strategies and practices. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the predictability of nurses' ethical behavior by HRM activities by using the public health service networks. Metho...

[ 439 ] - Relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation and employee Performance: Emphasis on Mediated role of Employees’ Ethical Virtuousness

Background: In today's competitive world and to achieve maximum efficiency, organizations regardless of their size are forced to improve their human performance and thus improve their performance. This requires attention to many factors, including the factors such as entrepreneurial orientation and the virtuousness of staff that is on component of ethics. So, the aim of this study is to investi...

[ 440 ] - Relationship between Moral and Spiritual Intelligence and the Organizational Commitment: the Mediating Role of Organizational Socialization

Background: Spirituality and ethics are the topics that are widely considered today in organizations to response turbulent and complex environments. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between moral and spiritual intelligence and the organizational commitment of new employees with the mediating role of society. Method: The research method was descriptive-correlation. T...

[ 441 ] - Relationship between Professional Ethics with Learning and Intentional Organizational Forgetting: Mediating Role of Sharing Knowledge ‎

Background: Todays, professional ethics was recommended one of the variables that can effect on another organization perspectives, therefore the aim of present study was to study the correlation of professional ethics with learning and intentional organizational forgetting in staff sport offices in Isfahan province, considering the mediating role of knowledge sharing. Method: This is an applied...

[ 442 ] - Relationship between Dimensions of Spirituality (as ethics) in the Workplace with Organizational Health and Organizational Trust

Background: Spirituality in the workplace is one of the important and effective variables on the performance and behavior of staff. Therefore, this study tries to investigate the relationship between dimensions of spirituality in the workplace with organizational health and organizational trust among nurses. Method: The method of research was correlation-descriptive. Population of the study inc...

[ 443 ] - Analyzing the Relationship between Spirituality in the workplace and Corruption; Mediating role of Professional Ethics

Background: Corruption, like any other social and economic phenomenon, depends on many complex factors and processes that cover a wide range of issues. The purpose of this study was to model the structural equations of the relationship between spirituality in the workplace and corruption with the mediating role of professional ethics. Method: The research method is descriptive -correlation. The...

[ 444 ] - Predicting Work Consciousness as an Ethical Principle based on Value-based Leadership Component

Background: work consciousness and value-based leadership are the main variables that more attended by researchers. Therefore, the present study investigates the relationship between work consciousness and value-based leadership studied in Urmia university to predict the leadership components based on values.‎ Method: This study is an applied descriptive – correlation research. The population o...

[ 445 ] - The Role of Dimensions of Ethical Atmosphere in Predicting of Managers' Insistence on Initial Decisions

Background: The implementation of moral behaviors in organization is one of the most important organizational phenomena and therefore the  purpose of this article is investigation of the role of the ethical atmosphere dimensions in predicting of managers' insistence on initial decisions. Method: In terms of the purpose of research, this research is applicable type and in terms of the research m...

[ 446 ] - Mediated Role of Psychological Capital in Ethical Leadership and Job Burnout of Teachers

Background: Today, there are various forms of mental and nervous stresses in organizations. One of the immediate consequences of stress and psychological pressures is job burnout phenomenon. This study aimed to investigate the mediating role of psychological capital in relation to ethical leadership and burnout among teachers of Zeyduon town. Method: This study is descriptive –correlation resea...

[ 447 ] - Relationship between Social Responsibility with Ethical Reputation and Brand Equity; Mediating Role of Trust

Background: In today's competitive market place, corporate social responsibility has become an important issue for all stakeholders. On the other hand, factors such as customers trust, ethical reputation and brand equity are critical to company's success. So, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between social responsibility with ethical reputation and brand equity with...

[ 448 ] - Analyzing the Relationship between Machiavellianism and Unethical Behaviors: Mediating Role of Abusive Supervisor

Background: The purpose of this study is examining the relationship between Machiavellianism and unethical behavior emphasizing the moderating role of abusive supervisor among employees of Aliabad Katoul Islamic Azad University. Method: The current research method is descriptive-correlation. Participants of this research project included 129 employees of Aliabad Katoul Islamic Azad University. ...

[ 449 ] - The Relationship between Ethical Leadership and Individual Performance: Mediating Role of Organizational Commitment

Background: In the today's world, individual performance is affected by moral issues and human interaction, which should prevail in organizations. The role of ethical leadership in internalization of moral roles and impact on staff’s commitment and promotion of performance, is very important. The ethical leader can have a fundamental role in the training of positive emotions and responsibility ...

[ 450 ] - Analyzing of the relationships between Work Ethics and organizational commitment by meditating organizational justice

Background: Organizational commitment has attracted the attention of many researchers as one of the main issues in managing the organizations. Therefore, the study of this concept requires the consideration of numerous influential factors. In this regard, the present study was conducted to analyze the relationship between professional ethics, organizational commitment, and organizational justic...

[ 451 ] - The Relationship between Cultural Intelligence and Professional Ethics

Background: Cultural intelligence is effective on professional ethics in the workplace. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between cultural intelligence and professional ethics in the workplace. Method: Correlation study and statistical society includes 715 employees of a governmental organization, 250 of them were randomly selected as relative sample. In this ...

[ 452 ] - Effects of 10-Week Concurrent Training on Insulin Resistance and the Serum Levels of Vaspin and Visfatin in Overweight Females

Aims The present study investigated the effects of a 10-week concurrent training on the serum levels of vaspin and visfatin in overweight females.  Methods & Materials Twenty-four over-weight females from Kerman City, Iran (Mean±SD age: 11.23±0.62 years; Mean±SD weight: 64.83±2.70kg; Mean±SD BMI: 27.97±0.47 kg/m2) were randomly assigned into the control and concurrent training groups. The inte...

[ 453 ] - The Effect of Discontinuation of Angiotensin-II Receptor Blocker on Therapeutic Effect of Synthetic Erythropoietin on Anemia Modification in Hemodialysis Patients

Aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of discontinuation of losartan in response to synthetic erythropoietin therapy on hemoglobin level in patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Methods & Materials This study was a pre-and post-interventional clinical trial. The population of the study was hemodialysis patients with chronic renal failure. In the beginning of the study, and thre...

[ 454 ] - The Effect of Purslane Ointment on Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in the Elderly

Aims Chronic musculoskeletal pain is among the major problems of old age. An effective nursing intervention in relieving pain is the use of local herbal ointments. The present study evaluated the effect of purslane ointment on chronic musculoskeletal pain in the elderly. Methods & Materials This was a randomized, blinded clinical trial study and conducted in 2018, on 60 elderly residents of Go...

[ 503 ] - Analyzing the causes of low participation of rural women by using mixed method Case: rural district of Sina in Varzeghan County

Introduction The idea of "ignoring economic labor" of rural women and their role in providing households' financial and non-financial resources is deeply ingrained in cultural fabric of our society that is hardly possible to change the notion of "men being sole breadwinners". The rate of women participation in the employment and labor market is much less than men. This is due to the presence...

[ 504 ] - Influence of rural socio-cultural changes on rural housing Case: Neka County

Introduction In the past half century, major changes have occurred in the appearance of villages of the country. Most of these changes were related to residential architecture. New cultural plan aims at providing a new look at cultural issues in rural communities, fighting against social deprivation, fighting against nihilism in geographical perspectives, providing the opportunity to develop...

[ 505 ] - Economic and social consequences of agricultural mechanization in rural settlements Case: rural district of South Astarābād in Gorgan County

Introduction Todays, the importance of agricultural development and putting more value on it, unlike past days, is concluded from the fact that in the process of economic development program, an increasing attention is given to social welfare goals in addition to other goals of increasing revenue. In every society, at times of population increase, the increase of agricultural products, which...

[ 506 ] - An analysis of the effects of the subsidies targeting on rural households; applying the approach of sustainable livelihoods in Kalat and Binalud County

Introduction According to general census in 2011, rural population of the country has been over 21 million and 603 thousand people. Considering the per capita monthly subsidy equivalent to 455,000 riyals, it can be resulted that in the first three years of the project, over 353 trillion has been allocated to rural community. Calculations show that this amount is equivalent to 2.4% of the tot...

[ 507 ] - Evaluating the performance of institutions and organizations related to rural sustainability Case: Dehdez district in Izeh County

Introduction One of the necessary principles of rural development is its management. A special approach of development is needed to be planned for every particular area. On the other hand, it is not useful to apply an integrated approach of development by new managing systems. At this point we can clearly understand the important role of institutions and organizations related to the structur...

[ 508 ] - Analyzing Physical and Economic Impacts of Rural Guide Plans Case: Villages of Kermanshah County

Introduction One of the implemented plans in this case is the rural guide plan which is prepared and implemented by Islamic Revolution Housing Foundation since 1362. Guide plan, as an outer variable, has impacts on rural structures including these four dimensions: physical, economic, social and environmental. In villages of Kermanshah County, lack of educational, health care and business ser...

[ 509 ] - Recognizing Optimality Criteria in Financing Institutions Forest-Mountain Area of Eastern Bandpey, Babol County

Introduction After land reform, some actions have been done for rural finance by creating financial institutions such as credit cooperatives, Agriculture Bank and interest-free loan funds which were not successful in improving poor people livelihood. The studied area in this study includes a forest-mountain area that have small and sporadic villages and they are far from rural-urban continuu...

[ 510 ] - A Comprehensive Framework in Sustainability Assessment of Agricultural Exploitation Systems

Introduction Lack of a comprehensive framework is one of the most important challenges in sustainability assessment of Agricultural Exploitation Systems. This is the reason of tunnel vision in many researches in the field of sustainability. The history of Agricultural Exploitation Systems in Iran is back to thousands years ago, when ancient Iranian tried to domesticate wild animals and cerea...

[ 511 ] - Spatial Analysis and Quantitative Assessment of Rural Housing Indicators in Iran

Introduction Housing has been one of the most essential needs of human life for a long time and it is one of the most important symbols of civilization and culture. Providing a shelter which is safe and secure is everyone’s ambition and to reach to this aim, human beings have used many different methods and technologies to improve the quality and quantity of housing. Through time passage and...

[ 512 ] - Spatial Function of Small Cities in Relation to Surrounding Villages Case: Sarbisheh County

Introduction The role of cities in rural development is determined by rural-urban relations, so ruralurban relations affect both urban changes and rural changes. The relation between city centers and the surrounding rural areas includes people, commodities, money and information as well as social, economic and cultural interactions. New paradigms for development, consider networks and progre...

[ 513 ] - The Role of Participation in Rural development in Khoshk-e bijar District, Rasht County

Introduction Nowadays, most experts in rural development field agree that reaching to sustainable development is not impossible without all people’s Participation and undoubtedly, the process of development will be facilitated, with more speed and less expenditure. Meanwhile, the historical experience of our country emphasizes on utilizing top-down strategies for development, it shows its fa...

[ 514 ] - An analysis of the effects of religious tourism in rural areas Case: Oji Abad village, Amol County

Introduction Tourism industry cannot be only considered as a way of recreation and escaping from daily routines. Of course, by use of strategic planning and principles of sustainable development in tourism, we can develop the economy of countries. So far, tourism industry has been gradually developed in all parts of human society. Moreover, its connection with society and different aspects o...

[ 515 ] - Barriers to social and economic empowerment of rural households Case: patients protected by the Imam Khomeini Relief Committee in Sistan Region

Introduction Although poverty is a global problem, it is more drastic in villages and is considered as the most prominent problem of rural areas. Therefore, poverty alleviation, providing basic needs, and empowering the poor play important roles in rural development. In this way, rural development can be even introduced as an approach to poverty alleviation in rural areas. Regarding the fact...

[ 516 ] - Analysis of social capital of rural micro-credit fund Case: Bstaq village in Sarayan County

Introduction Sustainable development is actually a process towards sustainability. It can be conceptually classified within other concepts such as social reorganization, transition to a better future, conserving the quality of the environment, people empowerment, creating new capacities, and respecting indigenous knowledge and information. All these concepts are considered to be the main axi...

[ 517 ] - The role of border markets in socio-economic development of rural areas Case: Khaw and Mirabad rural areas, Marivan County

Introduction Today economists introduce the trade as an engine for development incentive. So, the establishment of border markets is a good strategy to eliminate the created gap of central and border areas. Consequently, what has recently attracted the attention of many development planners is to get rid of current economic and social crises of frontiersmen. These markets compensate for the ...

[ 518 ] - Assessing eco environmental effects of mining extractive industries on the sustainability of rural areas Case: villages surrounding Zanjan cement factory

Introduction Rural industrialization has been greatly discussed by researchers in recent studies of rural planning and development. It is due to its positive effects of economic, social and infrastructural factors. Moreover, researches are looking for ways to analyzed approaches to reduce harmful environmental impacts of industrial projects, as destructive life factors of geographical territ...

[ 519 ] - Gender-related analysis in the process of diffusion of entrepreneurship in rural areas Case study: Soolaghan Dehestan

Introduction Sustainable human development is possible only in case of justice being kept between the two genders. Even, it will remain incapable without the participation of women. Rural entrepreneurship, as a new approach in the development theories of empowering and capacity building of human sources, especially women in rural district, plays a crucial role to achieve sustainable developm...

[ 520 ] - Spatial analysis of comparative advantage of major occupational groups of rural population in Iran

Introduction Regarding the fact that economic activities, in particular, and resources and facilities, in general, are poorly concentrated in terms of spatial distribution, every area requires a particular program corresponding to its specific conditions. In this way, before doing everything we need to identify the past and present situation of different regions based on appropriate scientif...

[ 521 ] - Investigating impacts of industrial micro plans on rural settlements Case study: Shahnjryn village in Razan County

Introduction Industrialization of rural districts can be considered as one of the appropriate approaches toward the diversification of economy. In this way, the rural lifestyle can get developed through the process of job creation and the increasing of income and its balanced distribution can create a favorable environment for the achievement of sustainable rural development. Some researcher...

[ 522 ] - The effects of economic rural-urban relations on food security of rural households Case study: Zanjan County

Introduction The interaction and mutual cooperation of rural and urban areas in developing countries is different from the developed ones. The type of relations between villages and town can affect different aspects of rural lifestyle, one of them is its effect on food security. Researches show that the range of effectiveness of such relations include property, the use of new technology, suppo...

[ 523 ] - The political economy of space and Iran's regional balance

Introduction Countries with a rentier economy are usually dependent on the export of raw materials. Such countries have a centralized political system and inefficient bureaucracy that incorporate a broader administrative division in one or two cities. Dependence on the global economy (Endogenous Development), and the lack of a democratic political system, provides good conditions of centrali...

[ 524 ] - Study of the Impacts of Tourism on Rural Development Case Study: Ghoori-Ghale Village

Introduction Tourism can be a tool for rural development; because it can be considered as a new financial resource, it can improve the economic status of local people and it can be considered as a resource that removes poverty and creates more jobs. Tourism and rural development are also two interrelated factors which have positive impacts on each other when tourism development or rural deve...

[ 525 ] - Classification of Development Level in Villages of Marhamatabad Rural District, Miandoab County

Introduction Being developed or not, causes Iran's villages to face various challenges. This is so when widespread poverty and increasing lack of balance, unemployment growth, and low level of productivity are obvious in the country; Lack of balance between different regions in the process of development leads to Create gap and intensity of regional inequality which are considered as barrier...

[ 526 ] - Spatial Analysis of Development of Boarder Regions in East Iran Case Study: Border villages in South Khorasan Province

Introduction When unbalanced spatial dispersion of developmental indicators increase, unbalanced distribution of facilities and population will dramatically increase too and meanwhile the increase of centralization of indicators in regions that suffer from centralization of facilities and population will lead to population and facilities movement from deprived regions and this will increase ...

[ 527 ] - Study of Impacts of Various Development Capitals on Social Capital Case Study: Villages Located in Razavi Khorasan Province

Introduction Common development capitals such as financial (economic) capitals, human capital, physical capital, environmental capital and social capital are considered as key elements in analyzing the potentials of development for people, organizations, societies and even governments. By presenting the concept of social capital, planning strategies are formed by cooperative, communicative a...

[ 528 ] - The Impacts of Hosing Improvement on Changes in Economic Performance of Rural Housing Case study: Shamshir Rural District located in Paveh County

Introduction In our country, inappropriate physical housing in villages is the result of "bad housing" that can be inferred as one of the most important challenges in rural development. This phenomenon is the result of inappropriate resilient construction, worn-out houses, pollutions because of coexistence of animals and human, sharing the living space with working place; and these issues ar...

[ 529 ] - Impacts of Drought on Rural District's Economy in Sirvan and Chardavol Counties

Introduction Drought is a natural disaster resulting in many damages to human life and natural ecosystems which is different from other kinds of disasters such as flood, hurricanes and earthquakes. As a result of this phenomenon, the level of surface water and ground water decrease dramatically and it is followed by various negative impacts on all aspects of villagers' life especially on eco...

[ 530 ] - Evaluation and Analysis of the Level of Infrastructure Development in Rural Areas of Ardabil Province

Introduction Regional development is one of those issues that have attracted lots of attentions by program-makers, especially the regional ones. A study on various levels of the major criterions including those of economic, social, cultural and health, particularly at regional level, is useful to determine the position of different regions, as it requires special considerations in regional l...

[ 531 ] - Socio- Economic Impacts of Micro- Credit Agriculture on Rural Areas Case: Rural district of Karasf

Introduction Considering the important role of agriculture sector in the rural economy, it has caused the development of rural economy in various environmental, social and economic aspects. Thus it can play a significant role in achieving sustainable rural development. To achieve such goals, a particular value must be given to natural, social, human and financial capital resources. Among the...

[ 532 ] - Role of Local Economy in Excess Flow and Reconstruction of Regional Network System Case: Kerman Province

Introduction Changes in spatial patterns and its structural and functional dynamics which is apparently obvious within physical links and relationships of cities and rural and urban network is fundamentally one of the outcomes of forces that contribute to the controlling process of actual mechanism of capital absorption, its flow, work forces, and population. Such forces play a significant r...

[ 533 ] - Explanation of Agent's Professional Capabilities in Agriculture Jihad for Rural Development of Kermanshah Province

Introduction Rural planning is one of the most important activities for agents and planners of development. Agriculture Jihad aims to accomplish rural development purposes through codification of plans and activities to increase the level of awareness and professional skills of villagers. In developing countries, it is a problem that rural planners do not have enough technical and profession...

[ 534 ] - Evaluation and Comparison of Sustainability levels of Rice Production in Sari County

Introduction It is difficult to measure sustainable agriculture as a multidimensional concept. While it is relatively easy to express philosophical definitions of agriculture sustainability, providing an operational and methodology definition for evaluating the level of sustainability is difficult. Different methodological approaches have been formulated and developed to assess the sustainab...

[ 535 ] - Analysis of Effects of Tourism on Development Process of the Urban Villages Case: Serein County

Introduction In the last half-century, tourism has been considered as one of the most efficient factors in socioeconomic reconstruction and development of rural districts and non-urban areas. Tourism can be nominated as driver of peace, because it underlies friendship and mutual understanding between nations and brings peace without polluting the human environmental interactions unlike other...

[ 536 ] - Analysis of Agricultural Water Resources' capabilities in Rural Districts of Buin and Miandasht County

Introduction Water resources are maybe the most important and the most necessary available resource for human and agriculture section. Agriculture section with almost 11 percent of gross domestic production, 23 percent of employment, and more than 80 percent of feeding the people of the country has a vital role in Iran's economy. Water as the most important factor in agriculture section, has...

[ 537 ] - Spatial Inequalities Associated with the Development of Agricultural Sector in East Azerbaijan Province

Introduction Agriculture sector is actually known as an economic sector, as it is said that economic growth would be impossible in the absence of agriculture growth. Nowadays, by using accurate scientific researches as an inspiration source and investigating environment potentials and capabilities of every area we can achieve comprehensive agricultural development and principles. In this way...

[ 538 ] - The Analysis of Non-Farm Entrepreneurship in Improving the Quality of Life in the Villages Case: Villages Located in Shandiz Area, Binaloud County

Introduction Rural areas face various challenges in Iran; one of the most important challenges isb economic weakness. Since entrepreneurship can remove many major challenges (such as unemployment, low level of income, lack of economic diversification) in rural areas and it can affect other aspects of rural life positively, entrepreneurship and job creation are the most important plans and st...

[ 539 ] - The Assessment of Degree of Rural Settlers’ Satisfaction with Respect to Provision of Cooperative Village Councils’ Services – Case: Cooperative Council of Dashtesar

Introduction: Cooperative firms after government and private sectors are being considered as a third dimension of any economy. The numbers of this type of firms are increasing. This in turn has let to great revenues which would well justify their value and importance. Nowadays, there are many cooperative firms with different names but all have one goal in common, that is the achievement of d...

[ 540 ] - The Impact of Financial Suppression upon Iranian Rural Poverty

 Introduction: Globalization, new pattern of global economy growth, weakness of welfare state along with cultural and thinking processes such as criticism regarding political economic system challenge prevailing economic development pattern, eradication of poverty and social welfare. This challenge resulted in proposing of rural social approach with emphasize on community based development p...

[ 541 ] - Employment Strategic Planning in Rural Area of Javanrood

Introduction: Many scholars believe that the creation of job opportunities is being considered as an important prerequisite for development and growth namely in developing countries. Lack of attention to this make societies step in eroding phase rather than thriving one. This in turn will lead to expansion of poverty. It is argued that achievement of sustainable development could be done thr...

[ 542 ] - The analysis of barriers regarding variations in economic activities of bordering villages located in Marivan

Introduction Lack of variations existed in economic settings and a job opportunity is being considered as the most significant characteristics of the rural country’s economic structures. It is argued that occurrence of variations in rural economic activities as an approach, could be considered as an appropriate measure in which most of the development theoricians believe in regarding the mit...

[ 543 ] - Variation of Economic Activities and Achievement of rural sustainability Case: Khoramdareh

Introduction Stagnation with regard to rural traditional economic activities based on natural resources including agriculture and mining during last decades demand new strategies regarding strength and variations in economic activities and bases. However, concentration upon one type of economic activity of Iran’s rural settlements may waste energy and production resources as well as out migr...

[ 544 ] - Shiraz Urban Sprawl and Its Structural-Functional Changes of Rural Neighborhood Case: Goyom village

Introduction: Urban sprawl is one kind of urban expansion or its characteristics, which has a negative general view. Based on given definitions, the most important characteristics of urban sprawl can be thought as low-density, strip like, diffuse, non-continues and land use segregation expansion. However, density is the most common criteria of urban sprawl that is derive by the comparison of...

[ 545 ] - Changes of agricultural economy and formation of urban ruralization Case: villages of Roobat Karim County

Introduction: Rural regions have experienced varied changes and social and economic reconstruction during last three decades. There exists great tendency toward functional integration between villages and cities due to increase in mobility, improvement in communication information as well as rural services. This in turn, resulted in the expansion of urban function including construction mass...

[ 546 ] - Spatial organizational arrangement of tourism destinations (rural-urban) at regional level Case: Torgabeh shandiz

 Introduction: Current trend regarding tourism spatial development both at macro and micro regional level, following the county spatial development structure is relatively chaotic. There exist an imbalance with respect to access to different opportunities as well as resources and benefits. The consequences of this disorder is exemplified itself in low performance of peripheral tourism destin...

[ 547 ] - Influential factors related to practicality of entrepreneurial ideas Case: internships practitioners involved in rural education bases in Isfahan Province

Introduction: The formation of idea is being considered as a first step regarding the creation of new innovative thoughts in any organization. That is idea processing is an important phase regarding the development of new products as well as innovations. Idea about new products processes and markets create new opportunities which potentially is capable of new innovations. This in turn, accel...

[ 548 ] - The evaluation of social impacts of industrial towns over rural areas Case: Khayam industrial town

 Introduction: The achievement of technical improvement during last three decades is being considered as major reason regarding growth and development in developed countries. Practically, with respect to advanced countries, more emphasis is devoted to diversification of rural economy as far as sustainability issue is concerned. According to major researches, rural regions could not achieve s...

[ 549 ] - Spatial analysis regarding agricultural development in Khuzestan’s counties

Agricultural sector taking into account its high potential with respect to creation of value added as well as job opportunities from one hand, and provision of food security and its economic capabilities on the other hand has very predominant role in national economy. The identification and investigation of agricultural capabilities as well as the determination of development level are the firs...

[ 550 ] - The analysis of tourism development in rural settlements of Sari

The increasing rate of unemployment and young age bracket migration from relatively rural settlement are being considered as one of the most prominent threats in rural communities during past decades. It is argued that tourism provides high potential settling in this regard. It is capable of generating job opportunities and counter stream migration. Taking into consideration the existing potent...

[ 551 ] - The analysis of influential factors upon strengthening the economic role of councils regarding rural settlements Case: villages of Harsin County

New rural management and Islamic Councils are being considered as people-oriented institutions during last years with regard to rural economic development. This in turn, demands extra efforts for improvement of this institution status. The major objective of this study is to analyze the influential factors upon strengthening the economic role of these councils in rural area of Harsin (Kermansha...

[ 552 ] - The role of tourism in economic rural development in Behshar County

Rural tourism and tourism economy are being considered as one of the major economic development indicators. Moreover, most of the planners and policy makers believe that tourism industry is the major element of sustainable development. As such, rural tourism through appropriate planning and identification of advantages and limitations could perform effective role regarding rural development as ...

[ 553 ] - The limitations and potentials of sustainable development regarding village of Eastern borders of Iran Case: Bandan district in Nehbandan County

Iran’s border villages are encountering with service deficiencies regarding social, economic and cultural dimensions. However, these entities are facing with foreign propaganda for enlarging border ethnic groups delimits and ignorance of these area’s capabilities and potentials. This in turn, requires more attentions toward bordering village. The major objective of this study is to investigate ...

[ 554 ] - Analysis of barriers to entrepreneurial development in rural areas: Bigelow Ghani district, city of Zanjan

Entrepreneurial activities in rural areas in spite of existence of appropriate and varied situation have not been institutionalized yet. It is argued that varied restrictions and barriers forced entrepreneurs to leave the rural areas. This paper aims to investigate the most important barriers regarding entrepreneurial activities in rural areas of Zanjan. From purpose stand point the research me...

[ 555 ] - Analysis of factors affecting the increase in income and employment for villagers in the Gilan province

The major objective of this paper is to identify and determine the factors responsible for increase in rural incomes and job offers in Gilan province. The research method is based on descriptive-analytical as well as applied approach. Statistical society composed of rural settlers in Gilan. At the beginning of process ٤٥ villages were extracted using stratified sampling technique for extracting...

[ 556 ] - Point of view of the agricultural information system towards organic products: the central district county of BoyerAhmad

Different approaches with regard to environmental protection and mitigation of negative impacts of development plans have been proposed during past decades. Organic agriculture as a production system is one of these. It applies minimum amount of artificial fertilizer, pesticides and additive hormones input. Taking into consideration Iran’s specific geographic, economic and social conditions, th...

[ 557 ] - Assess the compatibility of family farmers in times of drought: Drudframan district in the County of Kermanshah

Different countries have been affected harmfully by drought as a natural hazard affected by harmfully. Iran has been subjected by consequences of harmful drought consequences. It is argued that rural households due to their high level of dependency on agricultural economy are not well equipped to deal with this multi-dementia phenomenon. This study aims to evaluate the degree of the rural house...

[ 558 ] - Study and evaluation of effective factors on improvement of performance of rural production corporations Case: Khorasan Razavi Province

Khorasan Razavi Province is among provinces that has established several rural production corporations in recent decades. One of their main tasks of these corporations is to eliminate traditional filed structures and solving problems using new and modern agricultural tools. This paper studies the activities of RPC in Khorasan Razavi Province to achieve this goal. In this regard, performance of ...

[ 559 ] - Effects evaluation of social capital on rural poverty reduction Case: Ghobchagh village in Miyandoab County

Poverty as a socio-economic issue has unsuitable out ones in rural societies. It is said to be an abstract in the way to rural sustainable development. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effects of social capital on rural poverty reduction in rural areas of Ghobchagh village in Miyandoab County. The method of this research is analytical-description. Data collection has performed through d...

[ 560 ] - The Analysis of the Impact of the Targeted Subsidy in Economic Empowerment of Rural Households, Case: Jaider District in Poldokhtar

Nowadays, empowerment is being considered as one of the most applicable ways regarding development achievement. This is more applied to vulnerable rural peasants. It is argued that development without empowerment considerations in general namely as far as the rural settlers are concerned is an incomplete concept. Targeted subsidy could be very influential regarding empowerment of the rural sett...

[ 561 ] - The Assessment of Quality of Annexed Villages Environment in Sanandaj, case: Hasanabad and Nisar

The quality of urban environment is being considered as on the fundamental concerns and challenge as far as the urban planning and management is concerned. This study taking into consideration its title aims to first evolve the satisfaction level of settlers regarding the quality of their environment and second to propose some measures in order to improve it. The achievement of this goal demand...

[ 562 ] - The Investigation of the Impact of Agricultural Extension program upon the Knowledge and Productivity of the Wheat Peasants Growers in Kermanshah

Learning, development of technology and adoption of new agricultural methods would have great impact upon peasant productivity more specifically upon subsistent farmer’s status. This study aims to investigate the impact of agricultural extension program upon the performance of wheat producers in Kermanshah. Research statistical society includes 186 of wheat farmers who participated in the schoo...

[ 563 ] - The Role of Political Participation of Rural Settlers Regarding Provision of Services in Villages of Mamasani County

Rural tendency toward continual participation of rural settlers in social, economic and political activities is being considered as one of the most prominent factor in rural development .However, it is being argued that political participation of people namely rural settlers does not necessarily lead to high level of awareness and overall and comprehensive social and economic development of sub...

[ 564 ] - Challenges and Strategies Regarding Spatial Development of the Annexed Villages of Gorgan

With accelerated urban growth during past decades in the country,one could well observed the annexation phenomena. This unplanned and spontaneous annexation paved the way for the development of sputter settlements in the margin and edges of the cities. This study aims to investigate the challenges and barriers that these new borne communities are of Ouzineh and Anjirab encountered with. It plan...

[ 565 ] - The Investigation of Tourism Development Impact upon Promotion of Social – Economic Indices in Rural Areas, Case: Rijab Resort in Kermanshah Province

It is being argued that rural tourism is considered as a prominent activity with respect to rural development. This industry is known as invisible export by economists. Tourism as a broad activity is associated with some major economic, social and environmental. It further argues that tourism planning demands identification of these impacts as far as the host community is concerned. This in tur...

[ 566 ] - The Role of Membership in Rural Bodies’ upon Social Capital Level and Quality of Life of Rural Women

This analytical – comparative study aims to investigate the impact of membership in rural bodies’ upon social capital level and quality of life of rural woman. Statistical community is composed of 5000 Kangavar’s rural woman out of which 380 happened to be our sample size using Bartlett’s table. Sampling technique was based on simple random sampling. Data analysis was done via application of de...

[ 567 ] - The Optimum Location Regarding Agriculture Development with Emphasis on Physical-natural Parameters in Boroojerd

It is being argued that there will exist high reliance upon agriculture lands and resources as a provider of food for population in coming decades. The increase in urban land, industrial and residential land uses at the expenses of agricultural lands is among the major consequences of population increase. However, the utilization of soil, water, forest and pasture are geared toward extensive an...

[ 568 ] - The Role of Physical Factors upon Spatial Distribution of Rural Settlements in Torbat-Jam

Lack of appropriate and thorough attention toward physical – natural factors regarding rural settlements, has led to damages and subsequent costs based upon natural events incident. This in turn dictates the need for planning measures within the framework of risk mitigation and increase in settlements sustainability. This well applies to Torbat-Jam. This study aims to investigate Torbat-Jam’s r...

[ 569 ] - The Evaluation of Tourism Economy from Host Community’s View Point in Oromee-e Band Resort

Economic outcomes and consequences are among one of the most prominent reasons for tourism planners. Tourism is being considered as major motive as long as the economic development is concerned. Taking into account peasant’s economic status as well as downward trend in agricultural activity and high rate of rural migration, there exists a need regarding an economic alternative complementary wit...

[ 570 ] - The Analysis of Land use Locations Regarding Rural Conducted Plans (Case: villages of GonbadKavuoos)

Rural conducted plan is being imposed to accomplish rural development. In fact, these plans are regarded as a document for social – economic development at village level. These plans aim to meet all of residential, services and entertainment needs within their time period taking into account village settings as well as the relevant ultra-plans. However, the implementations of these plans face s...

[ 571 ] - The Investigation of Islamic Rural Council’s and Degree of Community Participation in Rural Development (Case: Hossainabad in Najafabad)

Nowadays, rural councils are performing prominent role on rural development. It is argued that the creation of these bodies is among the major measures for organization of community participation regarding rural development. This study aims to investigate the role of rural Islamic council’s as well as the level of community participation upon rural development of Hossainabad in Najafabad. The r...

[ 572 ] - The Evaluation of Economic Impact of Equipped – Renovated Rice Paddies in Villages of Central District of Soome-e Sara

Iran’s agricultural sector comparing with the other economic sector suffers from subsistence method. Small farm size, scatter distribution of holdings, lack of an appropriate irrigation and drainage systems, and non-existence of roads between farms have led to increase in production costs and reluctance regarding agriculture activities and relevant investment. This in turn demands the implement...

[ 573 ] - The Analysis and Explanation of the Influential Factors Regarding Milk Marketing Network in Rural Areas Case Study: Khodabandeh Villages, Zanjan Province

Marketing of agricultural products is being considered as one of the most fundamental and important measures for development in rural environments. As such, the identification of responsible factors for marketing of perishable products namely dairy products could facilitate marketing process and as a result diminish the associated problems in local communities. The identification of responsible...

[ 574 ] - The evaluation of the Role of Agricultural Consolidation upon the Improvement of the efficiency of factor of Production Regarding Irrigated lands Case Study: Khodabandeh County

Lack of an appropriate utilization regarding factor of production namely land and water resources is among the most important agricultural challenges .It is argued that land fragmentation consider as a major obstacle in this regard . In fact, land consolidation is said to be a reasonable and applicable solution. The major objective of this paper is to investigate the impact of land consolida...

[ 575 ] - The Analysis of Rural Spatial Imbalances the Rural Areas of in Kermansh Province

Optimum housing situation in both rural and urban areas is being considered as one of the social-economic indicators. Application of comprehensive and descent housing planning requires the identification and determination of different relevant dimensions and aspects. Using housing indicators and indices helps to evaluate the housing status which regional planning demands. These indices, which i...

[ 576 ] - The Analysis of Spatial-Physical Consequences of the Rural Centers Integration in Region One of Tehran

The rural centers integrations in the city which in some countries have been named as “urban villages” are the consequence of rapid urbanization and accelerated growth of our city. Since the rural centers integration in the city has been often without any plan, it has had various consequences on the environmental, physical, economical and social aspects. The present study has paid attention to ...

[ 577 ] - Earthquake Disaster Management in Rural Settlements of Sarvabad County

This paper aims to identify secure, risk free domains and extents in Sarvabad with particular emphasis upon disaster management considerations. This study has both analytical and applied nature. Data analysis demands the application of Gis and AHP. This leads to creation of corresponding layers and final combined overlay risk maps for the evaluation of the relevant factors. consequently; spatia...

[ 578 ] - Feasibility Studies Regarding Tourism Development Using Systematic Approach in Margin of Rural Areas of Mighan Desert of Arak

Strategic tourism planning is being considered as a way of rural development. It further is a response to Globalization and rural reconstruction. Tourism development requiers systematic comperhensive approach. Rural settlements located in margin of desert area of Mighan, despite of their varied tourism potentials, are very deprived and distressed. The major objective of this study is to investi...

[ 579 ] - The Impacts of Information Technology on Rural Development (Case: Southern Khorasan Village)

Nowadays information technology indices are being concerned as measures of development. This in turn will lead to many advantages’ in different areas for the evolved party. However, rural development is responsible for social and cultural changes. These could be exemplified itself in increase in job opportunities and rural income, improvement in nutrition’s standards as well as educational and...

[ 580 ] - The Analysis of Social – Economic Sustainablity of Safrans Production and Its Impact on Rural Development, Case: Bala Velayat, Torbat Heydareeyeh

Agricultural sustainability is being undoubtly considered as one of the most prominrnt sector of sustainable development. Bala Velayats settlers Torbate Heydareeyeh basically rely on orchard economy and more specifically on Safran for their livelihoods. This crop originally was cultivated in Khorasan this in turn requier special attention regardinng the sustainability issue. This paper aims to ...

[ 581 ] - The Prioritization of Rural Development Problems with Emphasis on Peasants Viewpoint

Thought the world, rural areas tend to represent similar characteristics. Populations are spatially distributed. Agriculture is being considered as dominant economic sector. However, this sector as well as rural peoples is encountered with some challenges regarding development. In other word, there exists some limitation as far as the resource mobilization is concerned. Sometimes spatial rural...

[ 582 ] - Structural-Functional Dynamism: An Alternative Approach to Spatial

Spatial planning approaches along with complication of societies are being changed. These changes and transformations have reflected themselves in increasing diversification of economic patterns, people, group, organization, and institution’s mobility. While in less developed network societies some of the concepts including “distance” and “movement “are relatively losing their importance , some...

[ 583 ] - Diversification of Coastal Rural Economy with Particular Emphasis on Fishing Tourism Study Area: Tonkabon

Rural areas taking into consideration their eco-tourism and natural attractions are among the target of tourism activity. With the consideration of low income level of rural communities, tourism is an appropriate alternative regarding job opportunities and promotion of rural financial capabilities. The major objective of this study is to investigate the potential of coastal rural areas of Tonka...

[ 584 ] - Imbalanced Distribution of Oil Rent and Its impact upon Rural Developmen

The major objective of this paper is to determine the impact of inappropriate planning on economic function and further to explain the link between oil rent and rural development. The research method is based on descriptive-analytical one. However, this analysis is geared toward combination of institutionalized pattern with emphasis on dependency upon marched path and political economy rent. Th...

[ 585 ] - Role of small size -Credits Regarding Empowerment of Rural Women Case Study: Lakestan Sub- District Salmas of County

The empowerment of rural women and their involvement in decision making process is being considered as one of the prerequisite for achieving sustainable development. Access to small credit could well facilitate the empowerment mechanism. This study tries to answer the following question: Could access to small credit be influential on economic and psychological empowerment of women? The research...

[ 586 ] - Study of Barriers toward Development of Organic Farming

Today, with an increasingly global population, agricultural production systems should meet the growing needs of food by using the new technologies. Increases in the level of production have inevitably resulted in some environmental issues. Addressing these problems require the application of organic farming as a sustainable way of agriculture system which possesses many promised advantages. How...

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[ 592 ] - Root Cause Analysis of NIOC\'s 20" Natural Gas Explosion

Transmission and distribution pipelines have a significant role in the oil and gas industries. Pipelines are facing different threat like corrosion, improper design and incorrect operation. Gas vapor released from a pipeline (owned by NIOC) failure spread out and reached to ignition source. Due to gas outdoor spreading, “flash fire” occurred and flame return caused “vapor cloud explosion” of ga...

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[ 616 ] - Evaluation of Performance of the Applied Science Centers of the Iranian Red Crescent Society Concerning Crisis Management

BACKGROUND: The present study was conducted with the aim to evaluate the performance of the applied science centers of the Iranian Red Crescent Society (IRCS) in crisis management. METHODS: In this descriptive-survey study, 167 out of 295 managers and experts of the applied science centers of the IRCS were selected on the basis of the Cochran formula. To examine the study variables, a question...

[ 617 ] - The Effectiveness Emotion Regulation Skills Training on Happiness of the Red Crescent Organization of Bushehr Province

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of emotional regulation skills training on happiness of rescuers of the Red Crescent Organization in Bushehr Province, Iran. METHODS: This was a semi-experimental research with pretest, posttest, and control group. The statistical population of this study included all rescuers of the Red Crescent Organization of Bushehr Pro...

[ 618 ] - Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP); Road Traffic Accident; Rescue; Air Transport

BACKGROUND: Timely delivery of emergency care and reducing the transmission time of injured people to health centers is very effective in reducing the number of deaths and injuries in accidents. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors affecting road traffic accident relief in Iran with an emphasis on air transport. METHODS: The present study was performed through resorting to Mul...

[ 619 ] - Assessment of areas vulnerable to natural hazards (Case study: Rural areas CountyAzna)

BACKGROUND: Rural areas, usually when compared to other natural events, have the greatest vulnerability of human settlements. The aim of this study was to evaluate natural hazards as earthquakes, landslides, floods and identify high-risk zone in relation to the rural areas of the central township of Azna County, Iran. METHODS: Topographic and geology maps, elevation digital model, and seismic ...

[ 620 ] - Determining Teachers’ Professional Qualifications in “The Learning Approach to Knowing” and Presenting Executive Strategies for Realization of this Approach: A Mixed-Method Research

The present study aims at determining teachers’ professional qualifications in “the learning approach to knowing” and presenting executive strategies for realization of this approach. The research employs an exploratory mixed-method research. The population in the qualitative part of the research consists of experts of education and in the quantitative part includes all high school teachers of ...

[ 621 ] - Design and Validation of a Conceptual Model for Narrowing the Gap between Intended, Implemented, and Attained Curricula in the Public Education System in Iran

Abstract: The present research aimed at developing and validating a conceptual model for narrowing the gap between intended, implemented, and attained curricula in the public education system in Iran. Two fundamental questions guided this investigation: what model can be developed to reduce the gap between the three mentioned curricula? To what extent does the proposed model gain the approval? ...

[ 622 ] - The Challenges of Social Sciences Curriculum in Primary School Regarding Citizenship-Social Education based on the model Tyler

Abstract: This study has been conducted about one of the fundamental debates in educational system and curriculum development titled“social-citizenship‌training”. The methodology was descriptive-survey and the sampling population was 337 (61 male- 276 female) elementary school teachers in Tabriz which were selected on the basis of multi-staged and comparative cluster sampling For data analysis ...

[ 623 ] - A Study of correspondence between Intended and Implemented Curricula of pre- primary school

Abstract The goal of current study was to investigate the consistency of intended curriculum with implemented curriculum at the preprimary level. The research method was survey study. The population included 258 preschool teachers of west of Mazandaran in 2009 that 122 samples randomly selected from Abas Abad, Chaloose, Tonekabon and Ramsar cities. Measuring tool was researcher-made questionnai...

[ 624 ] - The Nature of Science: Case Study of University of Tehran Undergraduate Students’ Attitude

Achieving a scientific literacy is the purpose of teaching the science curriculum in educational systems in the world. One of the most important and the most essential components that increases scientific literacy in students, is teaching about the nature of science. Purpose of this study is to investigate the attitude of undergraduate students at University of Tehran toward the nature of scien...

[ 625 ] - Study of students' self-determination in virtual College of Mehr-e-Alborz with regard to principles of Heutagogy

This paper is to investigate the heutagogic self-determined learning behavior of the students according to the theoretical foundations and framework of the heutagogic approach which has been carried out as a case study in Mehr-e Alborz virtual university. Among study population of Mehr-e Alborz virtual university students which were 690 people, 120 students were selected randomly by means of Pr...

[ 626 ] - In search of a curriculum planning model for the development of family's cultural capital and academic success of children

The aim of this research is to search for a model for the curriculum planning of the parents' cultural capital growth and to facilitate the children's Progress in school. The correlation of the parent's cultural capital dimensions with the educational achivement of the students was studied, and an efficient plan for the growth of the family's cultural capital was designed, implemented and evalu...

[ 627 ] - Analysis of 6th Grade Mathematics Textbook based on Plsek’s Creativity Model

The aim of this research is to study the components of creativity in elementary school curricula. The research method used in this research is content analysis. The information source of this research is the 6th Grade Mathematics textbook in the academic year 1391-92. To achieve face validity, the viewpoints of the educationalists and experts were used in this research, and to achieve reliabili...

[ 628 ] - Analysis of teachers' experiences in teaching art in elementary schools: a qualitative study

This study aims to identify and explain the experience of teaching art in the elementary school teachers was conducted. In this context, an essential question is examined: primary school teachers, learning how to experience the arts curriculum? Using qualitative research methods, semi-structured in-depth interviews and purposive sampling, 10 cases of primary school teachers Mehdishahr city were...

[ 629 ] - The Professors’s professional experience in relation to effective teaching phenomen in higher education

Abstract: The main purpose of the present study was to gain insights into effective teaching in higher education as a phenomenon. Using professional experiences of university faculty, we wanted to develop a conceptual framework in order to enhance the pedagogical and theoretical foundations of teaching.using phenomenography, which is one of the qualitative strategies we interviewed 12 Faculty f...

[ 630 ] - Homeschooling: An Alternative School Choice

Abstract: The aim of this study was to explore the situation of homeschooling in Iranian system of education. The results of this study derived from a qualitative research performed in 2012. The research population was selected by snowball method. The participants were interviewed. The interviews were semi-structured. The concepts in each interview were extracted. The study showed that all pare...

[ 631 ] - Explaining the theoretical framework and the components of research comprehensive approach and designing its general elements in the school curriculum

Abstract: An effective research requires the initialization of knowledge, positive affect and research action in the researcher as well as the initialization of research comprehensive attitude. The present study was conducted using descriptive-analytical method based on analyzing the concepts and re-processing the results of previous research. Based on this, theoretical and research background ...

[ 632 ] - Internal and external research methodologies relevant to the curriculum in higher education

Abstract: Curriculum has always been the main element in any educational system and a relatively large number of research has been carried out in this area. Using quantitative approach and document content analysis, this study investigates the methodologies applied in research on higher education curriculum. Among the existing literature, 30 studies from 13 journals that were carried out by Ira...

[ 633 ] - Integrated approach in primary school physical education curriculum: a possible explanation of the expert's view

Abstract: The objective of this research was to study the feasibility of integrative approach in physical education course at the elementary level from the point of view of experts. The researchers used descriptive survey method for this study. The statistical population consisted of physical education experts majoring in curriculum development or management and planning who were familiar with ...

[ 634 ] - Mathematics Teachers’ Approaches to “Listening” in Mathematics Classes: A phenomenographic approach

The ways that mathematics teachers listen to students’ explanation, influence their understanding of students and their teaching activities. If teachers be informed about different ways of “listening” to students’ ideas and conceptions concerning mathematics, they might be able to use listening as an effective teaching method to enhance students’ mathematical learning. The related literature in...

[ 635 ] - Identification of effectiveness assessment criteria for Seminary virtual courses

The main purpose of this research is to derive Seminary virtual education effectiveness criteria. Seminary education has main differences with tertiary or professional education. Therefore, to assess their effectiveness, we must take into account these differences. In this research we have used qualitative methodology and set a semi-interview mechanism with 15 experts in e-learning, all employe...

[ 636 ] - The Cognitive Goal Achievement of 3 Physics & Laboratory Courses in Secondary School

This paper presents a report on the level of achievement in the third grade of high school courses of physics and laboratory. This research is assessment-oriented and evaluative and in collecting of data follows the grounded theory method. Curricular goal achievement was assessed with evaluating mathematics and science students (N=369) from five districts in Tehran via academic achievement test...

[ 637 ] - The effect of Ga-doping on the structural and optical properties of ZnO thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis

In this research, zinc oxide thin films with gallium impurity have been deposited using the spray pyrolysis technique. The structural and optical properties of these films are investigated as a function of gallium doping concentrations. The ZnO and ZnO:Ga  films grown at a substrate temperature of 350 ºC with gallium doping concentrations from 1.0 to 5.0.%. The XRD analysis indicated that ZnO f...

[ 638 ] - Deposition and characterization of SnO2:Sb thin films fabricated by the spray pyrolysis method

In this study, thin films of transparent semiconductor tin oxide doped with antimony impurities on the glass substrates with different concentrations of antimony that have been prepared using spray pyrolysis method. The effects of different concentration of antimony on the structural, optical, and electrical properties of the thin films were investigated. Prepared layers were characterized by X...

[ 639 ] - Characteristics of the ore- bearing quartz veins using fluid inclusions, Andarian, NW Iran

Andarian area is located north of Tabriz city, north west Iran, and tectonically is a part of Ahar-Arasbaran magmatic belt. Geology of the area includes Miocene shallow pluton, Cretaceous flysch-type sediments, metamorphic rocks )hornfels and skarn( and volcanic rocks. Mineralization occurred in two stages: primary and secondary. The primary ore minerals include Au, pyrite and stibnite. Malachi...

[ 640 ] - Petrography, geochemistry and determination of temperature and pressure of crystallization of pyroxene and plagioclase minerals in diabasic and lamprophyre dykes of Jupar block (south of Kerman)

A set of diabasic and lamprophyre dykes, trending NW-SE, cut the Neogene volcanic rocks that exposed in the south of Kerman city and west of Glomac village. They are characterized by porphyritic and glomeroporphyry textures. Lamprophyres contain course- grained phenocryst of olivine- pyroxene- amphibole in a matrix containing feldspars. diabasic rocks are dominated by main minerals including di...

[ 641 ] - Apatite as a main source of REE during crystallization of monazite mineral in Esfordi Fe-Apatite deposit, northeast of Bafq

The Esfordi deposit is located at northeastern Bafq and is one of the well-known magnetite-apatite deposits in the area which consists of ore minerals hosted REE. Among the various ore minerals, apatite is one of the unique minerals because of its significant properties such as providing a budget of elements (especially in the case of REE), stability over widespread temperature and pressure dom...

[ 642 ] - Crystal size and shape distribution of plagioclase in the basaltic andesites, North of Gavkhouni

Plagioclase is the most abundant mineral in basaltic andesites in the north Gavkhouni. Olivine and pyroxene are the other rock forming mineral there. In their 3-dimensional shapes, they are unequal and varies between bladed to prolate. Plagioclase sometimes exhibit dusty texture, oscillatory zoning and sinusoid growth. Based on crystal size distribution data, the rate of crystal nucleation of p...

[ 643 ] - Mineral chemistry and physical conditions of crystallization in Filshour and Goft dioritic intrusions, Southwest of Sabzevar

The Late cretaceous dioritic intrusions of Filshour and Goft in southwest of Sabzevar are situated in the northern edge of central Iran zone. The rocks of these plutons show porphyry, granular, ophitic and subophitic textures and are composed of amphibole, plagioclase and clinopyroxene (in diorites), along with quartz (in quartz diorites). The amphiboles of these rocks are in the group of calci...

[ 644 ] - Mineral chemistry, thermobarometry, petrogenesis and tectonic setting of the Nokeh intrusion in the northern Semnan (Central Iran)

The Nokeh intrusion exposed in the northern Semnan area. The intrusion is composed of monzonite-quartz monzonite and granite-granodiorite and was intruded in the Eocene carbonaceous tuffs, where the country rocks converted to magnetite-skarn. Plagioclase, orthoclase, quartz, biotite, amphibole and clinopyroxene are the constituent minerals of Nokeh intrusion. The study rocks represent granular,...

[ 645 ] - Biotite and feldspar chemistry: An approach to the petrogenesis of the Gapdan pluton (NW of Zahedan)

The 43Ma Gapdan granitoid pluton is a part of Zahedan-Saravan granitoid belt and is located about 50 km NW of Zahedan. The pluton is mainly composed of biotite granite and granodiorite in composition and consists of quartz, plagioclase, K-feldspar, biotite, Fe-Ti oxides, zircon, apatite, and allanite. The granitoid rocks are mainly granular in texture, although they display poikilitic, perthite...

[ 646 ] - Damanghor intermediate sulfidation epithermal Au mineralization, Northern Bardaskan: geology, alteration, mineralization, and geochemistry

The Damanghor gold mineralization occurrence is located in north of Bardaskan, Khorasan Razavi Province, and Taknar zone.The geology of the area consists of Precambrian green sericite schist and metarhyolite, intruded by diabase. Mineralization in this area is in vein form with N50E stribe and 70NW dip and hosted by schist and metarhyolite with 300 meters length and 2 to 35 meters width. Dissem...

[ 647 ] - Petrogenesis of pillow lavas based on mineralogical and geochemical data in the eastern part of Sabzevar ophiolite

Sabzevar ophiolitic pillow lavas contain variolitic, porphyritic with microlitic matrix, intersertal and amygdaloidal textures and include plagioclase, clinopyroxene (augite-diopside), olivine, amphibole (magnesiohastingsite) and opaque minerals. The chemical composition of clinopyroxenes show a calc-alkaline magmatic series and a tectonic environment within plate alkaline basalts. Geochemicall...

[ 648 ] - Microstructure and chemical changes of sepiolite and vermiculite clays on the effect of elements adsorption

One of the applicable methods to control the pollution of heavy metals is the use of an adsorbent mineral. The aim of this research is to investigate the effect of Nickel and Zinc elements on microstructure properties of sepiolite and vermiculite clay minerals. To address the absorption experiment studies, four treatments (vermiculite, vermiculite + sand soil, sepiolite and sepiolite + sand soi...

[ 649 ] - The Malayer plutonic complex: field geology, petrography and geochemical interpretation

The geochemical signatures like discordant variation of major and trace elements among felsic-intermediate and basic rocks  and  mafic enclaves of Malayer region on binary variation plots, decreasing values of FeOt, TiO2, MgO, MnO and CaO accompanied with increasing of SiO2 content from basic to felsic rocks, and decreasing Ni, Cr and Co with increasing SiO2 are considered as indications of mag...

[ 650 ] - Mineral chemistry and thermobarometry of amphibolites from the Qotur metamorphic complex (West Azerbaijan Providence, NW Iran)

The Qotur metamorphic complex consists of metabasites, gneisses, marbles and calc-silicates as well as serpentinites which is cropped out at the west border of West Azerbaijan and Turkey. The amphibolites from the Qotur metamorphic complex can be classified as two types of ortho- and para-amphibolites. Minerals in this ortho-amphibolite are hornblende, plagioclase, zircon, titanite, and opaque ...

[ 651 ] - Investigation of genesis and fluid origin in Noghduz gold bearing quartz veins, East Azarbaijan Province, northwest of Iran

The Noghduz  prospecting area, as a part of the Arasbaran metallogenic zone is located about 20 km east of Ahar, East-Azarbaijan Province. The mineralization host rocks are andesite-trachy andesite with the age of  Late  Eocene. The hydrothermal alterations exposed in this area are silicic, argillic, and propylitic. Pyrite is the main hypogene sulfide mineral which is accompanied by lesser amou...

[ 652 ] - Mineralogy and fluid inclusion investigations in the Zarshuran gold deposit, north of Takab, NW Iran

The Zarshuran Carlin-type gold deposit is located about 30 km north of Takab, West-Azarbaidjan Province, NW Iran. Interaction between the ore-forming fluids and the host carbonates and shales resulted in development of the decarbonatization, argillic, alunite, silicic, and sulfide alteration zones in the study area. Based on mesoscopic and microscopic studies on drill core samples, gold mineral...

[ 653 ] - Mineralogy, geochemistry and conditions of formation of The Band -e- GhichyCopper-Celestite deposit Torud area, South of Shahrood

Band-e-Ghichy copper deposit is located in the northern margin of the Central Iran structural zone, about 120 km south of Shahrood and 70 km south east of Torud. Copper mineralization occurred in the rock units including sandstone, conglomerate and siltstone with the Oligocene age. Mineralization has occurred in the form of stratiform (syngenetic), stratabound (epigenetic) and supergen (the sur...

[ 654 ] - Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of the Siahrudbar bauxite deposit, Golestan Province, north of Iran

The Siahrudbar deposit is located about 25 km southwest of Aliabad-Katool city in the Golestan Province, north of Iran. This deposit lies between the Triassic limestone (Elika Formation) and Jurassic sandstone (Shemshak Formation). Mineralogical studies indicate the presence of major minerals such as diaspore, hematite, anatase, kaolinite, and chamosite accompanied by minor minerals such as boe...

[ 656 ] - Relationship between fish length, otolith length and weigth of Sind sardine Sardinella sindensis, (Day, 1878) from coastal waters of Jask (Oman Sea)

Correlation between fish length, length and weight of otolith of sardine in the Southern waters of Iran still unknown. Therefore, because of commercial and ecological importance of Sardinella sindensis, relationships between fish length (total length), length and weight otolith was studied. In total, 123 Sind sardine were sampled by double –boat purse seiners from coastal waters of Jask from Oc...

[ 657 ] - Synthesis and optimization of application of a molecular imprinted sorbent for selective determination of two pyrethroid isomers from biological sample

Introduction: Along with the extensive production and use of various pesticides for controlling pests and enhancing the production of agricultural crops, there is a growing concern about the adverse effects of these toxic materials on human health. Therefore, the development of sensitive, selective, and accurate methods for continuous assessment of pesticides concentration in occupational and e...

[ 658 ] - Possibility of using plasma-processed hybrid nanofibers to remove toluene in air stream

Introduction: Despite nanofibers have attracted great interests for filtering particulate matters from the air stream, fewer studies have been done on the feasibility of their use in the removal of gas pollutants, while the both pollutants are present in the most workplaces. Toluene is a toxic and mutagenic substance, and chronic exposure to its low levels can lead to a wide range of adverse he...

[ 659 ] - Interactive Effect of noise and heat on Maximal Aerobic Capacity (VO2 max) in Students of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences

Introduction: Determining the VO2 max of individuals is of great importance. The VO2 max refers to the maximum oxygen that can be consumed in the body in one minute and depends on factors such as physical conditions, environmental parameters, and physiological characteristics of the individual.. Noise and heat are among the factors influencing VO2 max (also called maximal oxygen uptake or maxim...

[ 660 ] - A hybrid fuzzy MADM model for environmental risk assessment: a case of an oil and gas exploitation area

Introduction: Evaluating environmental risks in the oil and gas industry is essential to prevent irreparable damage to the environment. Using classical methods for prioritizing environmental risks does not achieve high-reliable results. Therefore, the aim of this study is to minimize the limitations of classical methods in a typical oil and gas production zone, by using fuzzy logic and Multi At...

[ 661 ] - Identification of Human Errors in the Use of Neonatal Ventilator Device by Predictive Use Error Analysis method

Introduction: Nowadays, accidents are regarded as a main risk factor for both human and economic of countries. The triggerring cause of most accident is human error. In the healthcare setting, human errors can lead to injuries and even death of patients and damage the reputation of healthcare staff. Human errors in healthcares can occur during various activities including diagnosis of a disease...

[ 662 ] - Evaluating the Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Drivers Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Introduction: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are any disorders or injuries to the musculoskeletal system due to working procedure or conditions. WMSDs is one of the main causes of occupational injuries and disability in advanced and developing countries. The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in drivers in order to achieve complet...

[ 663 ] - Studying factors influencing eye indicators of computer users: A systematic review

Introduction: Nowadays, working in any computer work stations, named visual display terminal (VDT), was widespread and has become popular in our lives. Due to the increasing trend of using computers in the administrative and social institutions, prevalence of eye-related signs of working with computers is still increasing and it is one of the most important health issues. Computer jobs are low-...

[ 664 ] - Vocal Disorders and Risk Factors Affecting It: Voice Ergonomics in Teachers

Introduction: Nearly a third of people work in jobs that use voice to be part of their work. Teachers as the largest group of professional vocal users, are at risk of vocal disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different risk factors on vocal disorders in teachers.   Material and Methods: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive-analytic study that was conducted on...

[ 665 ] - Planning the Nurses' Activities in the Intensive Care Unit of the Farshchian Cardiovascular Hospital in Hamedan with the Help of a Heuristic Algorithm Based on the Gert Method

Background: The intensive care unit is one of the most critical parts of the hospital, where the services provided to patients are of great importance. Because nurses have a high volume of work and should respond to patients at the earliest time, the existence of a curriculum is essential. Therefore, proper planning can reduce their fatigue and dissatisfaction caused by the high volume of work....

[ 666 ] - Reasons for Participation of Ophthalmologist in Continuing Medical Education

Purpose: Today, Continues Medical Education (CME) is considered as one of the methods to improve knowledge and clinical performance of physicians. In this regard, all physicians will become familiar with new and more effective therapies and are encouraged to follow them. The present qualitative study aims at explaining the reasons for the participation of Iranian ophthalmologists in continuing ...

[ 667 ] - Long-term Outcome of Limbal Stem Cell Transplantation for the Management of Total Limbal Stem Cell Deficiency due to a Chemical Burn

Purpose: To evaluate the long-term outcome of limbal stem cell transplantation (LSCT) for the management of total limbal stem cell deficiency (LSCD) due to chemical burn in Labbafinejad Medical Center (LMC). Methods: Records of patients with a history of severe (i.e. grade III and IV) chemical burns, who were referred to LMC and underwent LSCT, were reviewed and data including demographic chara...

[ 668 ] - Solar Retinopathy Following Methamphetamine Abuse

Purpose: To report a case of solar retinopathy following methamphetamine (MA) abuse. Case report: A 37-years-old man was visited with sudden painless loss of vision in both eyes. He was addicted to methamphetamine for three years. He used MA at the day of admission. Excessive sun gazing (4 hours) took place due to using hallucinations secondary to the MA. Visual acuity was 15/400 Snellen chart ...

[ 669 ] - The mediator role of alexithymia between ego defense styles and the intensity of pain in patients with chronic pain

 Aims and background: Chronic pain, is one of the psychosomatic disease that a lot of people meet throughout their life. The aim of this study was to determine the mediation role of alexithymia between ego defense styles and the intensity of pain that percipience by the patients with chronic pain. Materials and methods: The method of the study was the correlation, and the statistical universe w...

[ 670 ] - Explore Mothers' Experiences with potty training procedure for young children: A Qualitative Study

Introduction: Independence in going to toilet, controlling urination and bowel movements, is one of the most important developmental stages for children and an important educational process for parents. The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of mothers with the training of dry and urinary control in toddlers. Method: In this qualitative research (1397), 26 mothers with a child...

[ 671 ] - Comparison the effect of comprehensive exercises of anterior cruciate ligament lnjury prevention along with feedback on knee function

The most common side effect of physical activity is the risk of musculoskeletal damage, that anterior cruciate ligament injury is the most common one. Purpose of the study is comparing the effect of six weeks of comprehensive injury prevention training on anterior cruciate ligament with internal and external feedback on the proprioception and knee function of active female university students. ...

[ 672 ] - Develop of native aerobic power prediction equation by the 6-minute walk test in healthy child

Aerobic power (VO2max) is an important indicator of the health and physical fitness. Executive problems in direct VO2max measurement has led to developing sub-maximal aerobic power prediction equations. The purpose of present study was to develop native aerobic power prediction equation based on 6-Minute Walk Test (6MWT) and body composition indices in children. In 192 healthy children (8 to 12...

[ 673 ] - Effect of acute aerobic activity after a period of taking vitamin C supplement on Iron status and hematological indices of professional football players

Vitamin C consumption is important in Iron absorption. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of acute aerobic activity after two weeks vitamin C supplementation on Iron status and hematological indices in club football players. In this quasi-experimental study, 40 club football players from Khuzestan province were randomly divided into two groups of vitamin C and pl...

[ 674 ] - Aquaporin-5 levels of lung following the taper program and Nigella sativa in the maturing rat

The aquaporin5 (AQP5) is an integral membrane protein that plays an important role in maintaining water homeostasis in the lung during of puberty. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of period of reduced training with Nigella Sativa (NS) supplementation on AQP5 levels in the lung of Male Wistar rats during of puberty. 110 newborn three-week old male Wistar rats with average wei...

[ 675 ] - The effect of shoulder abduction angles, shoulder dominance and non-dominance and external loading on shoulder muscles co-contraction ratio in overhead athletes and non-athletes

The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of shoulder abduction angles, dominant and non-dominant arm and external loading on co-contraction ratio during arm abduction in scapular plane in overhead athletes and non-athletes. 10 swimmers, 10 handball players and 10 tennis players and ten non-athletes voluntarily participated in this study. Electromyography activity of shoulder muscles ...

[ 676 ] - The effect of six weeks selected physical training on balance, postural control and lower limb function in children with Meningomyelocele

Meningomyelocele after cerebral palsy is the most common congenital defects of the nervous system that impairs the functioning of many body’s structures. This study aimed to assess the effect of six weeks selected physical training on balance, postural control and lower limb function in children with Meningomyelocele. In this quasi-experimental study, 10 boys aged 10-11 years with Meningomyeloc...

[ 677 ] - Effect of an 8-week specific functional training on injury risk factors and athletic performance in male judokas

Judo is one of the most popular martial arts in the world. Researchers reported a higher risk of injuries during training rather than the time of competition. So, the safe and effective training methods should be considered. As development and application of injury prevention approaches and athletic performance enhancement is necessary, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of...

[ 678 ] - The relationship between some of anthropometrical and biomechanical parameters, front and back crawl swimming in girl’s swimmers

Since the anthropometric and biomechanical parameters role is effective in improving the quality of sports skills, researchers and sports scientists are interesting to identify and communicate between these factors. The purpose of this study was making relationship between some of anthropometrical and biomechanical parameter of girl swimmers in swimming breast strokes. Twenty girl Swimmers (mea...

[ 679 ] - Effect of resistance training on plasma FGF-2 and Myostatin level in male Wistar rats

The purpose of present study was to determine the effect of 8 weeks of  resistance training on serumic myostatin, and Fibroblast Growth Factor-2 (FGF-2) level in male Wistar rats. 20 adult male wistar rats(150-250gr) were randomly divided into 2 groups [control group; n=10 (C), resistance training; n=10 (R)]. Resistance training was conducted for 8 weeks (5 session/week) on a special 1 meter he...

[ 680 ] - The effect of six weeks of interval resistance training on eotaxin and brain-derived neurotrophic factor serum levels in overweight young men

Eotaxin, a pro-inflammatory Adipokine is secreted from adipose tissue, which its secretion increases in the obesity and cause neurodegeneration. BDNF is a neurological factor that interferes with cognitive function, fat and sugar metabolism, as well as the pathophysiology of obesity and metabolic syndrome in adulthood. The aim of this study was to investigate the Effect of Six Weeks of Interval...

[ 681 ] - Comparison of advanced physical fitness profile between Olympic soccer team members of Iran according to playing position

The aim of present study was comparison of advanced physical fitness profile between Olympic soccer team members of Iran according to playing position. 29 Invited soccer players to the 17th national Olympic soccer team of Iran dispatched to 17th Asian Olympics Games, Incheon 2014 )mean age of 20.39± 2.01 yrs(, divided into five group of goalkeepers, defenders, midfield players, wingers and atta...

[ 682 ] - Effect of general fatigue on knee join muscle work and power absorption during stance phase of running

All sustained physical activities subject the body to various levels of fatigue. This is especially evident when running, which is one of the most popular forms of exercise and may be described as a reduction in maximum force production  and power output . the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of running in an exerted state on knee muscles power absorption and work during the ...

[ 683 ] - The comparision of upper cross syndrome in children with visual and hearing impairments with normal counterparts

The upper cross syndrome is a postural abnormality with excessive activity of the muscles on the chest and upper trapezius muscles. In this study, upper cross  syndrome in hearing impairment, vision impairment, and normal students is investigated. This descriptive- analytic study was performed on 30 poor vision boys, 30 poor hearing boys and 30 normal boys with mean age 11.76±2.89 years and the...

[ 684 ] - The effects of fifa 11+ for referees comprehensive of warm-up program on dynamic balance in Iranian football referees

The present study aimed to examine the effects of FIFA 11+ comprehensive warm-up program for referees on dynamic balance among male Iranian football referees and assistant referees. Fifty-two football referees and assistant referees who had no previous injury voluntarily participated in the present study. They were randomly assigned into an intervention group and a control one (26 participants ...

[ 685 ] - Effect of practice variability on anticipatory postural control during reaching task

Introduction and purpose: Reaching movement is one of the common task for assessing learning mechanism and is daily task in human life, improvement in postural stability can influence the function of this task. In this term, the aim of current study was to compare constant (simple reaction time) and variable random practice (choice reaction time) on the improvement of anticipatory postural adju...

[ 686 ] - Strength ratio between agonist and antagonist muscles and range of motion of the shoulder in female volleyball players and non-athletes

Background and Purpose: Frequent throwing Movements can change its muscular strength and range of motion balance shoulder athletes compared to non-athletes. The purpose of this study was to the comparison of strength ratio between agonist and antagonist muscles and range of motion of the shoulder in volleyball players and non-athletes. Research Method: Thirty female volleyball players (mean age...

[ 687 ] - Comparing the scores of functional movement screening tests in active and inactive subjects

Due to the necessity of screening injury the aim of this study was to screen the scores of Functional movement screening tests in active and inactive subject . The study population consisted of University Students aged 18 to 25 years out of which 50 students (25 active and 25 inactive) were selected. Functional Movement Screen by Cook were used for functional screening. After the normality of t...

[ 688 ] - Immediate effects of femoral external rotational and abductoral taping on ground reaction force characteristics during running

Introduction and aim: Taping is a common method used by athletes to improve muscular function. The aim was to assess the immediate effect of femoral external rotational and abductoral taping on three-dimensional ground reaction force characteristics, their time to peak, impulse, displacement of center of pressure, vertical loading rate, and free moment during stance phase of running. Method: 24...

[ 689 ] - Protective effects of eight weeks interval aerobic exercise on decorin, TGF-β and tumor volume in atypical animal of breast cancer

Introduction: The decorin is a myokine that modulates the growth and the development of the cancer cells through the interaction with TGF-β. The present study is aimed to evaluate the protective effects of 8 weeks interval aerobic exercise on the expression of decorin and TGF-β, and tumor volume in a typical animal of breast tumor. Materials and Methods: In a exprimental research, forty adult f...

[ 690 ] - Compare the profile of anthropometric, somatotype and body composition between novice and professional 6 to 8 years old gymnasts

The aim of this study was to compare the profile of anthropometric, somatotype and body composition between novice and professional 6 to 8 years old gymnasts. A total of 40 gymnasts in tow group (20 novice gymnasts and 20 professional gymnasts) participated in this study. A total of 17 anthropometric, somatotype and body composition variables were recorded of each subject. The tools used in thi...

[ 691 ] - The effects of 8 weeks of resistance training on total and A12 acetyl cholinesterase activity in slow twitch muscles of rats

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 8 weeks of resistance training (RT) on activity of total and A12 Type of acetyl cholinesterase in Soleus muscles of rats. 16 male wistar rats provided from Razi institute (age: 10 weeks and weight: 172.415±7.090 gr), were randomly divided to 2 groups (Control; n=8 and RT; n=8). Training group carried out 8 weeks (5 session/week) of res...

[ 692 ] - Effect of taekwondo on plantar pressure distribution symmetry in dominant and none-dominant limb

The aim of this study was the comparison of plantar pressure distribution, vertical ground reaction force and contact area between dominant and none-dominant limb in top-flight females taekwondo.10 healthy young top-flight females taekwondo were selected. plantar pressure ,vertical ground reaction force and contact area were evaluated by emed system .The obtained data were analyzed by paired -t...

[ 693 ] - The epidemiological study of sport injuries in male kabaddi premier league

The purpose of present study is to investigate epidemiologic kabaddi injuries of premier league in Iran. This study is a descriptive, , and prospective survey. Participants are men players of kabaddi league in 2014 and sample athletics who have been injured at least once in competitions and have been received medical care. Information related to this study is completed through registration in t...

[ 694 ] - The effect of resistance training with split method on hormones levels and muscle mass in young bodybuilder

The purpose of the current study was the effect of 8-week high intensity resistance training (the Split training method), on Testosterone, Cortisol and Testosterone/Cortisol serum level and its influence on muscle mass and development of muscle strength. 20 persons beginner in bodybuilding (body mass index: 23.80±2.25 kg/m2; age: 24.65±2.55 year) participated in this study. The subjects divided...

[ 695 ] - The effect of twelve weeks endurance training on liver enzymes levels in Iranian obese women

Overweight is one of the most important reasons for increasing the liver enzymes that causes liver and cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this research is to investigation the effects of 12weeks training on liver enzymes. Subjects of this research is 26 woman with BMI≥29 and average age Between 42 to 52, they divided to two main groups: experimental and control group n=13. 24 hours before t...

[ 696 ] - Effect of spinal stabilization exercises to reduce urinary incontinence in the elderly

Urinary incontinence has an increasing process among aged women and its statistics in women in The Home for the Elderly is more than others. The purpose of this study is to investigate effect of 4 weeks Spinal Stabilization exercises on urinary incontinence of the elderly people. In this study, participants are elderly women from age of 50 to 70 years old (67±11kg and BMI of 27±4kg/m2), who wer...

[ 697 ] - Comparison of selected biomechanical parameters and support foot injury during soccer instep kick by preferred and non-preferred lower limbs of the novice players

Support foot position is one of the important factors which can affect instep kick quality and ankle joint injury. The aims of this study were to examine the support foot parameters in maximal instep kicking with the preferred and the non-preferred leg and research on risk factors for ankle joint injury in amateur futsal players. In this semi experimental study, twelve young and novice futsal p...

[ 698 ] - Study of changes in adiponectin, leptin, and plasma lipid profile of Inactive men the result 24 session, playing futsal

The aim of the study, study of Changes in adiponectin, leptin, and plasma lipid profile of Inactive men the  result 24 session, playing futsal. In this study, 20 healthy men 20 to 30 years old, the experimental group (age: 23/5±2/58, weight: 69/36±14/48, body composition: 22/82±4/41) of controls (age: 24/6±2, weight: 68/22±12/71, body composition: 21/99±3/58) inactive randomly divided into cont...

[ 699 ] - Comparison of posture in elite female taekwondo players and non-athletes

Specificity of physical exercises is one of the main factors which could affect musculoskeletal system. The purpose of this research is to make a comparison about postural abnormalities of the spine and lower limbs between female taekwondo athletes and non-athletes. Samples of current research were 50 female black-belt taekwondo athletes and 50 non-athletes. To measure kyphosis and lordosis, fl...

[ 700 ] - Comparison of the lumbosacral angles in state of standing on the various slopes, in the healthy and low back pain females

This study aim to investigate the effect of different slops on mechanical lumbosacral angles and lumbar stability of healthy and mechanical low back pain (LBP) persons. This case- control study was performed on 38 females (18 LBP and 20 healthy subjects) who were referred to the Hospital in sari. At the beginning, Subjects’demographic data were recorded. In order to measure lumbosacral angles a...

[ 701 ] - Comparison of plantar pressure distribution between the right and left foot and their correlation with height and weight at wrestlers

Since, sports activities are likely to be changes in various parameters of plantar pressure distribution during walking to create, This study compared patterns of plantar pressure distribution between right and left feet and their relationship with anthropometric parameters. 10 elite wrestler with the average and standard deviation of age: 23.6±3.33 yrs, height: 173.5±7.67 cm and mass: 83.3±21....

[ 702 ] - The trajectory of center of pressure during stance phase of gait in healthy males and females using pedar-X system

Introduction and Objectives. The trajectory of center of pressure (COP) during the stance phase of gait is considered as an important parameter in assessing of dynamic balance, foot and ankle function and effectiveness of shoe and orthotics. The aim of this study was to determine the COP trajectory during stance phase of gait in healthy males and females, by means of Pedar-X plantar pressure me...

[ 703 ] - The effect of twelve session high intensity interval training in haypoxic and normoxic conditions on anaerobic performance in athletes

The aim of the present research is comparing the effectof periodic trainingin hypoxic and normoxic conditions on anaerobic performance of athletes .Subjects of this research were 16 male volunteer students.Subjects were divided to two groups of eight by exercising in hypoxic condition(H 3300) normocytic.Anaerobic performance (peak power, average power) through the Wingate test and lactate conce...

[ 704 ] - The effect of non-stability surface of support leg on the instep kicking kinematics in soccer players

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of non- stability surface of support leg on the instep kicking kinematics in soccer players. Materials and Methods: 30 male soccer players participated in this study. After the measurement of static and dynamic balance tests by the Biodex System, 20 players were selected who were at a desired level of the balance. Data were recorded...

[ 705 ] - Designing, validation, and reliability assessment of software to acquire kinematics parameters of motion by image processing

Motion analysis systems are useful and effective equipment in biomechanics research. Unfortunately these systems are available for few researchers because these are expensive equipment. The aim of this study was to design and validation of a practical and inexpensive software, to determine the exact markers position in space and compute the kinematic of movement. In designing the software, the ...

[ 706 ] - The effect of exercise status on response of homocysteine and insulin resistance to aerobic exercise in postmenopausal obese women

Homocysteine and insulin resistance in postmenoupausal women rises due to decrease in estrogen, low mobility and weight gain which increase the cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of aerobic exercise training status on response of homocysteine and insulin resistance to aerobic exercise in active and nonactive obese postmenopausal women. Therefore, 21 obese ...

[ 707 ] - The Prediction of Elite Athletes’ Chronic Ankle Instability Based on Postural Sway’s Risk Factors in Jump-Landing and Lateral Hopping Tasks

Chronic ankle instability has defined as recurrent ankle sprain, so that 40% of injured athletes after acute injury despite of receiving of adequate rehabilitation, suffering from this instability. The purpose of this study is investigate of postural sway’s risk factors proportion in jump-landing and lateral hopping tasks, in prediction of chronic ankle sprain occurrence. 25 ankle sprain injure...

[ 708 ] - Reliability Assessment of Functional Balance Tests in Endomorph Healthy Women 24-34 years old

Introduction and Purpose: Due to the importance of functional balance tests assessment with emphasis on parameters influencing the balance including somatotype, this study undertaken to determine the reliability of functional balance tests (static, semi-dynamic and dynamic) in endomorphe healthy women within 24-34 years old. Methodology: 25 female endomorphe with the average and standard dev...

[ 709 ] - The Effect of Low Volume High Intensity Interval Training on Sarcolemmal Content of Fatty Acid Transport Proteins (FAT/CD36 and FABPpm) in Young Men

High-intensity interval training (HIT) induces skeletal muscle metabolic and performance adaptations that resemble traditional endurance training despite a low total exercise volume. On the other hand, fatty acid oxidation is increases in skeletal muscle with endurance training. This process is regulated in several sites, including the transport of fatty acids across the plasma membrane. The...

[ 710 ] - Effect of Soccer Specific Functional Fatigue On hip and knee Joints Kinematics In professional players during Landing

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of soccer specific functional fatigue on hip and knee joints angles during landing in professional players.15 soccer players with at least 2 years experience in Kerman soccer clubs were selected randomly. To evaluate the lower extremity kinematics following jumping and soccer specific- heading, three cameras (with50Hz) were used. To cau...

[ 711 ] - The Effect of 6 weeks of strength exercise with Traband on some of the variables anaerobic power in young basketball players

One of the most important success factors in most athletic competitions, receiving aerobic power (speed, agility and jumping) high. Basketball is a great combination of short and long term activities that depend on aerobic fitness. Anaerobic fitness of many players during the match determines tactical the performance. The purpose of the present study to investigate the effects of strength ex...

[ 712 ] - The comparing of electrical activity pattern of major muscles involved in handball triple shooting in two groups of adolescents and adults

The aim of the study was to compare the electrical activity pattern of major muscles involved in handball triple shooting in two groups of adolescents and adults. Ten adolescent elite handball players playing in national club league (16.4 ± 0.69) and 10 adult handball players (23.55± 2.69) participated in this research. They performed triple shooting و assuming in a match situation and elect...

[ 713 ] - The relationship between selected biomechanical and technical factors and success criteria in long jump take-off performed by elite athletes

Take-off is the critical phase of the long jump event. The aim of this study was to explore the relationships between different variables and success in take-off. 37 trials performed by 8 long jumper, participants in fourth indoor Asian senior athletics championships held in Tehran, with personal best average of 7.68±0.28 meter were recorded at 300 Hz. Five speed-related, five technical and ...

[ 714 ] - Effect of arginine supplementation on O2 uptake kinetics response in female taekwondo athletes

Introdiction and Aim: Nowadays, due to the epidemic of sports supplements, the effects of these supplements on athletic performance require analysis and evaluation.The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of arginine supplementation for one week on oxygen uptake kinetics and time to exhaustion in female taekwondo athletes. Method: In this semi-experimental study with prete...

[ 715 ] - Effect of 8 weeks of circuit training on serum Irisin levels and Insulin Resistance Index in overweight girls

The purpose of this study was the effect of eight weeks of circuit training on the Irisin levels and the Insulin Resistance Index (HOMA-IR) in overweight women. Materials and Methods: In this study 22 overweight women voluntarily were chosen (Age 26.04±4.43 yrs, BMI 29.35±2.53 kg/m2) and were divided to two groups of control (n=11) and experimental (n=11). In the experimental group, subjects...

[ 716 ] - Effect of different intensity warm up on plasma antioxidant enzymes and damage indices of lipid, protein and DNA after intensive activity in non-athlete males

The aim of this research was to study the effect of warm up with two different type intensity on plasma antioxidant enzymes and damage indices of lipid, protein and DNA after intensive activity in non-athlete males. 12 non athlete students of kharazmi University participated in this study. Firist, subjects VO2peak were measured by Gas analyzer (Meta Max 3B) on the ergometer cycle with increment...

[ 717 ] - Effect of Aquatic and Land–base Plyometric Exercise on Selected Biomechanical Parameters of Butterfly Swimming in Elite Male Adolescent Swimmers10-14 years

Introduction and Purpose: The swimming start is very important for achieving better results in competitions. The Purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two plyometric training techniques both in aquatic and on land in two start techniques (grab and track) of butterfly swimming in Elite male adolescent Swimmers.Methodology: 20 elite male swimmers divided into two groups of plyome...

[ 718 ] - Effect of Functional Fatigue on Landing Mechanics using Landing Error Scoring System (LESS)

One of the factors affecting jump-landing patterns is fatigue. Fatigue is an inevitable component of physical activity, hence the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of functional fatigue on landing mechanics through Landing Error Scoring System (LESS).Fourteen male college students with a mean age of 22±2 years, weight of 68.3±7.2 kg and height of 174±4 were randomly divi...

[ 719 ] - Correlation between lower body stiffness and agility in racket-sports athlete

Stiffness is an index for determination of elastic properties of body and its optimum range is different in various motion patterns. The Spring-mass model is used for calculating stiffness. In this method, the whole leg is modeled with a linear simple spring. The aim of this study is determination of lower body stiffness and evaluation of its correlation with agility, as dominant motion patt...

[ 720 ] - Compaison the effect of resistance exercise with active and passive rest on aerobic and anaerobic fitness in soccer players

The aim of this study was to Compare the effect of resistance training with active and passive rest on aerobic and anaerobic fitness in soccer players. For this purpose 16 players of Foolad Mobarakeh Sepahan club, accidentally were divided into rest and active group (Height 177.78±6.68 cm, Weight 64.88±7.97 kg, age 18.22±0.83 years ,and percent fat 20.47±1.8) and rest passive group(Height 17...

[ 721 ] - Effect of different walking speed on the gait kinematics of individuals with knee varus

The purpose of current study was to investigate the spatio-temporal gait parameters and knee varus angle during walking at different speeds in young with knee varus. 18 subjects with varus deformity classified at grade 3 of bowleg and 17 healthy subjects, volunteered to participate in this study. The following variables include stance, swing, double support and cycle time, cadence, stride le...

[ 722 ] - Comparison the effects of two pedaling methods on lower limb muscles activity and fatigue index in road cyclists

The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two pedaling methods on lower limb muscles fatigue index and muscular activity in road cyclists. For this purpose eight road cyclists participated in two separately session in laboratory. They were pedaling with pushing technique in first session and circling (pullingpushing) technique in the other session. Surface electromyography activity...

[ 723 ] - The effect of six weeks Badminton exercise on the changes of Stress and cortisol level in girls student

Introduction and aim: The aim of present study was to assess the effect of six weeks Badminton training on changes of stress and cortisol levels in non-athletic female students. Materials and Methods: In this study estimated stress of 120 non-athlete students by stress questionnaire (HAD scale). Were measured Among subjects who had suffered highest stress, 30 subjects with a mean age of 86/2...

[ 724 ] - The Comparative Study of Effects of 4 Weeks Accommodation and Constant Load Strength Training Methods on Maximum Strength and Power of Trained Athletes

The purpose of this study was to compare effect of 4 weeks of strength training in two ways of accommodation and constant resistant methods on maximum strength and power of trained athletes. Sixteen Wushu athletes and wrestlers chosen from Tehran’s clubs with a mean age of 20.50 ±2.00years, height 174.34 ± 6.53cm, weight 70.22 ± 10.50 Kg, and body fat percent, 12.87 ±. 4. 23 participated in thi...

[ 725 ] - The effect and maintenance of 8 weeks corrective exercise on increased lumbar lordosis of pre and post pubertal school girls

Back ground: component of time on effectiveness and maintenance of corrective exercise has been always in the center of researchers’ attention. This study aimed to investigate the effect of 8 weeks corrective exercise on lumbar lordosis angle and the changes of the lumbar lordosis angle after a 4 months period in the hyper-lordotic pre pubertal and pubertal school girls . Methods: The 64 lumba...

[ 726 ] - Compare Time to call Internal and external obliques muscles Dominant leg Karateka two techniques ZenkoytsuDachi and MovashiGari

As one of the most famous martial arts karate kata and kumite are two main ]1[. Different techniques when doing sports, including quadriceps muscles and joints (knee extensor muscles) and joint use. In this study, called the internal and external obliques broad kata and kumite athletes dominant leg when the two techniques were compared Znkutsudachi and Movashi Gray. Therefore, local and wide fl...

[ 727 ] - Effects of swimming endurance training during pregnancy on apoptotic index of rat’s neonate liver

Background: This study aimed to examine the effects of endurance swimming training during pregnancy on pregnant rat’s neonate liver tissue apoptotic index. Methods: 16 pregnant rats (200 ± 20 g) were divided into two swimming and control groups. The rats of training group were forced from first day of pregnancy to delivery in a particular pool. The sampling of the neonate liver tissue was perfo...

[ 728 ] - valence of low Back Pain and Its Association with Anxiety and Depression in Male and Female Nurses

Introduction: The present study examined the prevalence of back pain and its association with anxiety and depression in nurses working in affiliated hospitals to social security organization in Isfahan city. Research Method: The design of this research was descriptive-correlation and its population consisted of 815 nurses working in Shariati (510 subjects) and Gharazy hospitals (305 subjects...

[ 729 ] - The effect of eight weeks aerobic exercise on some immune factors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of an eight- week aerobic exercise on some immune system factors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Twenty – three women (age: 51.96 ± 7.73, weight: 72.37 ± 10 kg) were enrolled in the study voluntarily Methods: In this quasi – experimental random study, subjects were assigned to training and control group. The training group (...

[ 730 ] - The effect of functional fatigue on dynamic and static balance in boy students with different plantar arch

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of functional fatigue on the dynamic and static balance of male students aged 15 to 18 with different plantar arch. To measure the subjects' foot arch, the Navicular Drop Test was used. The subjects were then randomly divided into three groups of 22 members with different foot arches. Later on, SEBT test, Modified Stork Balance, Fatigue Protoc...

[ 731 ] - Effect of 50 grams increasing of sport shoes' weight on running economy in a 15 minuets running protocol on treadmill

Purpose: The aim of this study was to test the effect of 50 gr changes in sport shoes' weight on Vo2max and running economy during 15 minutes running protocol. Method: 15 active males (age of 24.60 ± 2.06; height of 178 ± 5.83 cm) were selected in this study. Subjects ittrcicitrap in a 15 minutes running protocol in three running speeds of 4, 6 and 8 km/h. Total time for each running speed was ...

[ 732 ] - The effect of glucose and glutamine supplementation on serum HSP72 in non-athlete men during four weeks exhausting endurance-intermittent training

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of glucose and glutamine supplementation on serum HSP72, in non-athlete men during four weeks exhaustive endurance - intermittent training that causes glycogen depletion. For this purpose 20 non-athlete healthy men were selected and randomly divided into four groups including: glucose supplementation with glycogen depletion training gro...

[ 733 ] - اثر ترکیب تمرین مقاومتی ویژه و تمرین معمول شنا بر عملکرد شنای قورباغه

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of combination specific resistance and ordinary swimming  training on Breaststroke swimming  performance in young boys. Twenty boys of Alborz  province  swimming team age of 13±1 years ,weight 50/ 65±1/02kg and height 159/8 ±4/91cm, participated in this study. After the initial testing of the performance variable (Fifty-meter record of Breas...

[ 734 ] - The comparison of sport injuries in 2 premier leagues of taekwondo and the study of the protective equipments effectiveness in it: seasons 2006-2007 and 2011- 2012

Introduction: Taekwondo is one of the most popular martial arts in the world and Iran. Taekwondo is a contact sport which contains a high rate of injuries. Thus, the more travelling through the time, the more protective equipments is provided to prevent injuries. The present study purposed to compare the sport injuries of premier leagues in 2 season and study the effectiveness of protective ...

[ 735 ] - The investigating of relationship between changes of some of the cardiorespiratory factors during submaximal activity with slow component of Vo2 ,after static and dynamic stretching in active women

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between changes of some of the cardiorespiratory factors during submaximal activity with slow component of Vo2 after static and dynamic stretching in 16 active women from physical education college ( Mean ± SD : age, 23.87± 1.62 yr ; weight, 57.20 ± 7.84 kg ; height, 163.46 ± 6.23 cm; body fat % ,23.96 ± 2.70 and Vo2max, 42.15 ± 3.4...

[ 736 ] - effect of 12 weeks Aerobic Exercise Training on Some Characteristics of Immune System and General Health of Women with Breast Cancer

Introduction: This research aimed to analyze the effect of 12 weeks aerobic exercise training on some characteristics of immune system and general health of women with breast cancer. Methods: 40 female with breast cancer, undertaking chemotherapy, were classified in exercise group with mean age of 36/9±13/2 years, weight of 67/2±9/95 kilograms and body mass index of 21/9±2/9 kg/m2 and contro...

[ 737 ] - The effects of creatine and L-carnitine supplementation on anaerobic performance in athletes

Aims: This study investigated the effects of creatine and L-carnitine supplementation on anaerobic performance and body weight changes in athletes. Methods: In this single-blind randomized clinical trial, 45 athletes were selected and randomly divided into four groups supplemented with: a) Creatine, b) L-carnitine, c) Creatine- L- carnitine and D) placebo. The supplementation period was 28 d...

[ 738 ] - Biomechanical analysis of successful versus unsuccessful free throw shots performed by professional basketball players

The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the kinematics and kinetics of successful versus unsuccessful basketball free throw shots. Six professional basketball players (age= 23±2.09 years members of Iranian premier basketball league participat in test. Kinematics of arm motion during basketball free throws were recorded by two Casio zr200 camera in frequency of 240 Hz. Wilcox...

[ 739 ] - The effect of eight weeks comprehensive corrective exercises on upper crossed syndrome

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks comprehensive corrective exercises on upper Crossed syndrome. 40 female college students with forward head, forward shoulder, and kyphosis voluntarily participated in this study and randomly divided to two experimental group (with mean age 21.60±1.70 years, height 159.78±5.11 cm, and weight 59.04±4.6 kg) and control group...

[ 740 ] - Comparison of the predicting body fat equations during a maturation period in adolescent girls (12-16ys)

Validation of predicting fatness methods in the Iranian girls with respect to the maturity process could help to identify anthropometric risk factors. This study evaluate the accuracy of four body composition prediction equations in the teenager students in Hamadan city .Method: The anthropometry profile of 266 adolescent girls (12-16 ys) including ,weight (55.69±10.18 kg),body mass index (2...

[ 741 ] - Effect of aerobic and strength training on serum PTH, calcium, albumin and alkaline phosphatase in postmenopausal women

The purpose of this study was to consider the effect of eight weeks aerobic and strength training on serum PTH, calcium, albumin and alkaline phosphatase in postmenopausal women.35 post menopause women, (55-70 years), of Jahandidegan center of Tehran were selected and randomly divided to three groups as aerobic (n=12), strength (n=13) and control (n=10) groups. Aerobic training program inc...

[ 742 ] - The effects of using bench press and leg curl resistance exercise during rest interval on rating of perceived exertion, blood lactate and quantity of leg extension performance in bodybuilders

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of using upper (Bench press) and lower body (Leg curl) exercise during rest interval on rating of perceived exertion (RPE), lactate production and quantity of lower body performance (Leg extension) with 75% 1RM (repetition maximum). 15 resistance trained men (age 20.9±1.9 years, height 175.6 ±4.5 cm and weight 74.8±5.2 kg) took part in fo...

[ 743 ] - The effect of progressive endurance-strengthening training and electrical stimulation on muscle strength and surface electromyography parameters in volleyball players with Infraspinatus syndrome

Background: In sports such as handball, tennis and volleyball the player need to involve the great loads over his shoulders. In these sports, players are predisposed to overuse injuries. Infraspinatus syndrome’s meaning is the painless weakness and atrophy of this muscle that observe following Suprascapularis nerve neuropathy. In this investigation we want to survey the effects of a short term ...

[ 744 ] - The effect of basketball specific and general training on physical and physiological fitness in male basketball players trained

Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of basketball specific and general training on physical and physiological fitness in male basketball players trained. Methodology: The statistical population of this research was 18 basketball players trained invited to Asad Abad preparation camp. 12 players out of the total number participated in this study were ranked by fitness level and...

[ 745 ] - Comparison of electromyographic activity of shoulder muscles during two different pull-up test methods

Pull-up and modified pull-up tests are frequently used for shoulder muscles endurance evaluation by physical educators. Despite of using these tests, the difference of muscle activation pattern in pull-up and modified pull-up tests has not been documented clearly. However, the role of some important muscles such as anterior deltoid, posterior deltoid, trapezius and latissimus dorsi have no...

[ 746 ] - The effects of whole body vibration training (WBVT) on some factors of physical fitness, growth hormone and IGF-1 concentration in trained girls

Introduction: Whole Body Vibration (WBV) as a new method and supplement for neuromuscular training, cause mechanical stimulation in this system. Propose: The aim of present study was to determine the effect of Whole Body Vibration training (WBVT) on some factors of the physical fitness, growth hormone and IGF-1 concentration in trained girl students. Materials and methods: twenty female of phys...

[ 747 ] - Relationship between sprint performance of front-crawl swimming and muscle fascicle length in young swimmers

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between sprint performance of front-crawl swimming and muscle fascicle length in 23 male young swimmers. The sample was divided into two groups by 25-m sprint front-crawl swimming performance: 14.6-15.7 s (S1, n=11) and 15.8-17 s (S2, n=12). Muscle thickness and pennation angle and fascicle length of the Biceps Brachii (only muscle t...

[ 748 ] - The effect of 6 weeks core stabilization training program on the dynamic balance of mentally retarded and health

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of 6 weeks of core stability training on the balance of mentally retarded. Our subjects included 31 male mentally retarded students in two groups (control, 14 patients with a mean age of 11/07±3/02years, height 152±7/86cm) and (17experimental group with a mean age 11/23 ± 1/95years, height 147±7/07cm) and were A group of healthy students (15 ...

[ 749 ] - The effect of knee extensor and ankle plantar flexor fatigue on dynamic balance in active elderly males

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of knee extensor and ankle plantar flexor fatigue on dynamic balance among active elderly males. Fifteen healthy individuals having age of 72±6.57 years, height of 168.4±4.8 cm and weight of 70.5±7.4 kg without history of injuries at lower extremity, participated in this study. Knee extensor and ankle plantar flexor muscles fatigued with f...

[ 750 ] - The Effects of KinesioTaping of leg and cognitive task on balance

Objective: KinesioTaping is a method for rehabilitation of patients and athletes. The efficacy of taping to enhance proprioception precision and balance has been studied. The effects on skin sensory receptors and limb consciousness are mechanisms of taping but there is an important question that if the persons pay attention to other task the effectiveness of taping is still exists or not? ...

[ 751 ] - The response of blood buffering capacity and H+ regulation to three types of recovery during repeated high-intensity endurance training

Background/aim: Many studies were shown the effect of type's recovery on performance. Active recovery has been reported by some to promote greater exercise capacity, while others have not confirmed these results. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of three types of recovery during repeated high-intensity endurance training on blood buffering capacity and H+ regulation. Desig...

[ 752 ] - Effect chest wall restriction in water on aerobic power, cardio-respiratory functions and swimming performance of elite female swimmers

This study is aimed to evaluate the effect of 4 weeks swimming training with chest wall restriction on aerobic power, cardio-respiratory functions and swimming performance of elite female swimmers. 24 elite female swimmers volunteered to participate in this study and were randomly divide into two groups: Control (swimming training without chest wall restriction) and experimental group (swi...

[ 753 ] - The study of relationship between physical fitness and success of female climbers to ascend Mera Peak (6654 m)

Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between success on an over 6000m summit and results of physical fitness tests that normally are performed by mountaineering federation to select mountaineers for climbing high mountains. Therefore in this study, relationship between the results of these tests in 8 female climbers (age, 34.4±8.7year, height, 163.9±5.9cm,...

[ 754 ] - Effect of two different intensity of physical activity on circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) in healthy young women

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of two different intensities of physical activity on circulating endothelial progenitor cells (EPC) in healthy young women. For this purpose, 15 female students from volunteers were randomly selected via questionnaire (group 1: mean age 22 ±1/8 years, BMI 20/81±1/91 kg/m2, n = 8. group 2: mean age 21 ±1/5 years, BMI 20/38 ± 1/66 kg/m2, ...

[ 755 ] - The norm of bioenergetics characteristics of elite and advanced male and female Iranian Badminton players

The purpose of this study was to collect the norm of bio-energetic characteristics of male and female elite and advanced Badminton players in Iran based on gender differences. This is a descriptive research of the kind of normative survey. Statistical population of the research includes all elite and advanced male and female Badminton players in Iran during 2010 including 128 elite and adv...

[ 756 ] - Comparison of Static Postural Stability Performance Among Adolescents with Different Foot Types

The foot represents a small base of support as an important biomechanical parameter that the body maintains balance. It is assumed that postural stability performance could be affected by even minor alteration in the support surface in upright standing position. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine if individuals with different foot types would demonstrate differences in static...

[ 757 ] - Relationship between Static and Dynamic Balance Characteristics with Types of MS in Women

MS is a lifelong disease that could involve the person in different forms. Knowing balance characteristics of different types of this chronic disease helps the specialists for controlling their complications. The purpose of this study was to recognize static and dynamic balance of different type of MS and to compare MS patients with healthy individual. 54 MS women in three groups (27- Relapsing...

[ 758 ] - The Study of Changes in Norepinephrine Metabolism and Hamilton Scale Following Regular Aerobic Exercise in Water and Their Relationship in the Moderate Depressed Girls

Training exercises are known to affect depressed girls condition, but the effect of regular exercise in exhilarating environments, in particularly on markers related to epinephrine metabolism in depressed girls are not well known. The purpose of the present study was to determine effect of the 6 weeks of intermittent walking in water on urine MHPG sulphate and Hamilton scale in the depressed gi...

[ 759 ] - Effects of Short Term Vibration Training on some of Physical Fitness Factors in Elderly Women

In this study, the effects of vibration training on physical fitness factors in elderly females investigated. 40 subjects with age 61/09±6/24 yrs, weight 65/84±11/98 kg, height 156/99±5/06 cm and body mass index 26/64±4/23 kg/m2 voluntary participated in this study and were divided in vibration (n=16), non-vibration (n=14) and control (n=10) groups. The vibration group performed exercises o...

[ 760 ] - Acute Effects of Two Energy Drinks on Anaerobic Power and Blood Lactate & PH Recovery in Male Athletes

In order to compare the acute effects of OR and Megabasic (two energy drinks) by a placebo, 24 volunteer male athletes (age: 24.3±2.03 yrs, height 173.56±7.02cm and weight 75.43±3.07kg) participated in two consecutive RAST tests by 40 min rest interval in between within 3 randomly divided groups. There were six times blood sampling (before and also 2 and 4 min after than both tests) in ord...

[ 761 ] - Comparison of Some Anthropometric Characteristics of Students in three Socioeconomic Status (SES)

The purpose of the present study was to compare some antropometric characteristics of 11-14 years old male students in high, average and low Socio-economic Status. 610 students from public schools in three educational districts of Isfahan were randomly selected by clustral method. Then the Subjects were located in three low, average and high Socioeconomic status groups. Height, weight, triceps ...

[ 762 ] - The Effect of Contrast Water Therapy on Lood Lactate Recovery and Subsequent Performance of Trained Female Swimmers

This study investigated the effect of water immersion and passive recovery on blood lactate and subsequent swimming performance. Ten trained female swimmers, age (17.8 ±2.2), height (164.55.8 cm), weight (59.29.9 kg), %BF (22.41.7) and BMI (21.85.4kg/m2) completed three experimental trials differing in 15 min recovery intervention three times a week with 48 hrs distance: land (sitting near the ...

[ 763 ] - The effects of eight weeks resistance training on α -1A protein of pre-synaptic P-Q-type calcium channels in FHL and soleus muscles of rats

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 8 weeks resistance training (RT) on α -1A protein of pre-synaptic P-Q-type Calcium Channels in FHL and soleus muscles of rats. 16 male wistar rats provided from razi institute, randomly divided to 2 groups (Control-Sham; n=8 and Resistance Training; n= 8). Training group conducted 8 weeks (5 session/week) resistance program on spe...

[ 764 ] - Design and fabrication of three axes accelerometer

Technology can provide safety in physical practices and improving the performance of these activities, so manufacturing of equipments for these purposes has been considered widely. The aim of the present paper was design and fabrication of three-axis accelerometer. hree acceleration sensors, three gyroscopes for angular velocity measurement, a microcontroller for converting analog data to ...

[ 765 ] - Concentric plantar flexor torque deficits in female athletes with functional ankle instability

After an ankle injury, residual symptoms can followed to recurrent sprain in physical activity and 30% of its lead to functional ankle instability (FAI) Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the isokinetic concentric and eccentric torque measures of the ankle musculature to body weight in female athletes with and without FAI.30 female athletes, who play in pro league of Tehran, p...

[ 766 ] - Relationship between anthropometric characteristics with the performance velocity of Gyaku-zuki technique in elite female Karatekas

Abstract Identification of one karateka pave the way to reach the top honor. One of the parameters affecting at success of kumite players is The performance velocity of techniques. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between anthropometric characteristics with the performance velocity of Gyakuzuki technique in Elite female Karatekas. Thirty-one senior female kumit...

[ 767 ] - The relationship between anthropometric characteristics and hip joint flexibility among teenaged girls in football schools

The purpose of present study was to investigate the relationship between Anthropometric characteristics and hip joint flexibility among teenaged girls in football schools. The population of this study comprised 120 teenaged girls from football schools of Mashhad. 40 teenaged girls of the population with mean and standard deviation of age 13/90±0/84 years, weight 51/62±6/51 kg, and height 1...

[ 768 ] - Predicting sprint performance of front-crawl swimming in young swimmers with an emphasis on biomechanical, muscle architectural and anthropometrical factors

Youth swimming performance may be influenced by anthropometric, physiology, and biomechanical factors. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationships between 50-m front-crawl swimming performance and relevant anthropometrical (body height, body mass, body mass index, arm span, shoulders width, thigh, leg and upper arm lengths), muscle architectural (muscle thickness, pennation ...

[ 769 ] - Comparison the Effect of Kinesiotaping with Stretching of Upper Trapezius Muscle in Neck Pain due to Forward Head Posture

Introduction: This research aimed to compare two methods of kinesiotaping and stretching of upper trapezius muscle in treatment of neck pain due to forward head posture. Research Methods: Design of this research was semi-experimental. 36 subjects (29 female and 7 men) with forward head posture between 20-40 years of age with no history of neck pain due to vertebral fracture, disc herniatio...

[ 770 ] - Provincial description of somatotype profile of 9-13 years old Iranian boys in martial arts

Introduction: Different sports require athletes with special shape and size. Findings of researches have reported the relationship between somatotype components and athletic performance, similarity of somatotype of junior and senior athletes in the same sport and, consistency of somatotype through lifespan. In according to the fact that, somatotype is related to genetic factors and not inf...

[ 771 ] - Designing a specific upper body anaerobic power test for wrestling

Abstract The aim of this study was designing a specific upper body anaerobic power test for wrestlers and determining validity, reliability and objectivity of the designed test. In order to assess the anaerobic power of wrestlers on the basis of upper body Wingate test, Twenty two wrestlers (age=23/40±3/20 year, height=173/13±6/97 cm, weight=74/55±3/88 kg) of Tehran wrestling team (most of the...

[ 772 ] - The Comparison of Selected Spatiotemporal Parameters of Gait in Overweight and Normal Childrens 10-12 years.

Introduction and Purpose: The rate of overweight and obesity of childhood is dramatically increasing. It seems that mechanical load would affects motor activities for instance walking pattern. This study undertaken to compare spatio-temporal parameters of walking among overweight and normal childrens 10 to 12 years. Methodology: In this semi-experimental study, 30 subjects (15 overweight boys ...

[ 773 ] - The strength of hip abductor and external rotator muscles and ACL rupture in male soccer players

The purpose of this study was to compare of hip abductor and external rotator muscles strength between male soccer players with ACl rupture and healthy male soccer players. 30 male participants (15 soccer players with ACL rupture as sample group and 15 healthy soccer players as control group) participated in this study. Hip abductor and external rotator muscles strength tests including nor...

[ 774 ] - Relationship between balance and maximum strength in weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing closed kinetic chain exercises

Balance and strength are important abilities that athletes should have them. This study was designed to investigate the relationship between maximum leg press (non-weight bearing closed kinetic chain) and squat (weight bearing closed kinetic chain) strength with statistic and dynamic balance. Thirty (15 men and 15 women) physically active participants (age, 22.13 ± 1.54 years; height, 171.26 ± ...

[ 775 ] - Compare sequence of joint motion and muscle electromyography between low drive and high drive soccer instep kick

The purpose of this study was to examine the difference between two types of the soccer instep kick in temporal sequence of motion and muscle electromyography, during forward swing phase of the kick. Ten elite soccer players, volunteered as subjects in the study. To culculate the kinematics data, we used DLT method with two video camera that filmed five markers fixed on anatomical points o...

[ 777 ] - Effects of twelve weeks endurance training on serum levels of selected hormones in underweight men

The purpose of this study was to survey effects of twelve weeks endurance training on serum levels of selected hormones in underweight men. Eighteen healthy underweight men were randomly divided at two groups: endurance training and control. Serum levels of adiponectin, testosterone, and cortisol were assessed before and after training. Endurance training protocol consisted of twelve weeks peda...

[ 778 ] - Effect of unstable shoes on ground reaction force parameters during stance phase of running

Introduction: 24-67% of recreational runners suffer from running-related injuries. The purpose of this study was to test the effect of unstable shoes on selected ground reaction force (GRF) parameters during stance phase of running. Method: 20 healthy men (age of 21±2.27 years, height of 176.93±5.39 cm, and mass of 72.30±8.84 kg) ran on the force plate placed in the middle of 15 m runway in ba...

[ 780 ] - The comparison of cardiovascular risk factors in middle-age adults male with different abdominal obesity and physical activity levels

The purpose of this investigation was to determine cardiovascular risk factors in middle-age adults male with different abdominal obesity and physical activity levels. 40 males aged 35 to 55 years divided to four groups. Group 1 :(physically active with high WHR), group2: (physically active with low WHR), group3: (non-active with high WHR), group 4: (non-active with low WHR). Physical acti...

[ 781 ] - Effect of the Fast-Skin swim suit on Iranian elite female swimmers' performance

The purpose of this investigation was to consider the Fast-Skin swimsuit's effect on the elite female swimmers’ performance. So, twelve elite swimmers swam 50 and 200 m and 400 m trials with and without Fast-Skin at approximately 80- 100% of maximal effort in four swimming styles. In 400 m freestyle swimming, traditional swimsuit compared with shoulder-to-ankle (SA) and shoulder-to-knee (S...

[ 782 ] - The Relationship between Range of the ankle motion, Q angle and back stroke kicking on male Swimmers

The purpose of this research is to survey the relationship between range of the ankle motion and Q angle and back stroke kicking on male swimmers. 34 on available boy students swimmers were selected with mean and SD of age 23.68±2.28 years, weight 71.88±9.35 kg and height 176.11±5.52 cm in this study. First, Right and Left Leg Q angles (to supine position), Range of Dorsal flexion and plan...

[ 783 ] - The effect of &quot;Tai Chi&quot; exercise on depression, quality of sleep and some of physiological factors in elderly, living in Nursing Home

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of 12 weeks of "Tai Chi" exercise on some of physiological and psychological factors in elderly living in Nursing Home. In this experimental study, 58 elderly male and female age 69.15±5.3 yr, height 154 ± 0.1 cm and weight 58.13 ±4.4 kg, lived in Sadeghie Nursing Home were selected and objectively divided in experimental (n=27) and control...

[ 784 ] - Evaluating the effact of eight weeks strength and plyometric trainings on knee joint position sense

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of eight weeks strength and plyometric trainings on knee joint position sense. In this study, 45 male students (21.7±2.17years, weight 69.7±7.89 kg, and height 177.2±5.83cm) volunteered and selected as subjects to participate in this semi-empirical study. Subjects divided in three groups include strength (n=15), plyometric (n=15) and cont...

[ 785 ] - Effect of aerobic exercise on general health and serotonin levels of Inactive Veterans

Background and aims: In many communities, the sport as a method of therapy is used to improve the disabled and veterans' health which has been a useful and effective. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of aerobic exercise on general health and serotonin levels in inactive veterans. Material and method: Based on semi experimental design 40 veterans, 25 percent impaired and with...

[ 786 ] - Effect of one or two sessions per day of physical activity, with equal intensity and duration, on adiponectin and insulin resistance in sedentary middle-aged men

improves insulin resistance. However, the effect of training sessions a day is not clear in this regard. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of one or two sessions a day of exercise training, with equal intensity and duration, on insulin resistance in sedentary middle-aged men. Materials & Methods: 30 sedentary middle-aged male volunteers (age=43.6±6.5 yr, weight=80.4±13.6kg...

[ 787 ] - Development and prioritization Foolad Mahan Club strategies based on a comprehensive strategy formulation framework

The purpose of this research was to formulate and prioritize Foolad Mahan club strategies based on a comprehensive strategy model. The method of This study was applied- descriptive and because of the limited statistical population with size 76, the population census was used. Survey instruments were library studies, open and closed questionnaires with qualitative interviews and strategic meetin...

[ 788 ] - Assessing coaching moral competences: Development and initial validation of the Coaching Fairplay Behaviors Inventory

The purpose of the present investigation was to develop and initial validation of a measure for assessing the athletes perceptions of coaches’ behaviors that promote fairplay behaviors. A three-step procedure was undertaken to develop the questionnaire. In the initial step, the literature review provided theoretical and empirical perspectives on how youth sport coaches can influence athletes’ f...

[ 789 ] - The effective factors model in institutionalization of sport for all in Iran

The purpose of this research was the explanting effective factors model in institutionalization of sport for all in Iran. The research method was mixed method in type of exploratory. The statistical population in part of factors recognition was composed of all specialists in sport for all and institutionalization and in part of design and testing of model, statistical population was composed of...

[ 790 ] - Effect of weight transfer training on static and dynamic balance of older women

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of weight transfer training on static and dynamic balance of older women. 20 accessible subjects that met our criteria divided randomly into two experimental and control groups. The experimental group trained for 6 weeks, 3 times a week and each session 60 minutes a day. Biodex balance system used for training and testing procedures. Data analys...

[ 791 ] - Effects of socioeconomic status on motor proficiency of 4-6 years old Tehran children with very low and normal birth weight

This study aimed to evaluate the direct and interactive effects of socioeconomic status and birth weight on Tehran children motor proficiency. : The present study was a cross-sectional research which conducted in April and May of 2016 and the study population included 4/5 to 6-year-old boys and girls with very low and normal birth weight from 2 and 19 districts of Tehran city that from which 13...

[ 792 ] - Assessment and Comparison the Quality Management Status in Basic and Medalist Federations of Iran Based on Integrated approach EFQM-AHP

The purpose of this study was to assess the status of quality management in basic and medalist federations of Iran based on EFQM-AHP Approach. Thus descriptive- survey method was conducted in two steps. First the EFQM criteria was prioritized and weighted based on paired-comparison questionnaire (AHP) through top managers of federations and then the standard self-assessment questionnaire of org...

[ 793 ] - The Effects of Core Stabilization Training on Balance and Reaction Time in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of core stabilization training on balance and reaction time in children with developmental coordination disorder. This was a semi-experimental study. Twenty children recognized for DCD, age range 6 to 12 years old were recruited form DCD children rehabilitation center in Tehran and randomly divided into experimental and control groups. Co...

[ 794 ] - The Effect of Dual Task Interference on Gait in Aging: Role of Working Memory Components

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of concurrent cognitive tasks activating phonological loop and visuospatial scratchpad of working memory on gait in older adults.12 older adults with the age range of 65-70 years performed walking trials in 3 counterbalanced testing conditions including single walking, walking while performing visuospatial task and walking while per...

[ 795 ] - The Role of Motivation on the Rate of Participation Elders in Sport for‌ All

The purpose of the present study was to examine the role of motivation on the rate of participation elders in sport for all. The research methodology was correlative descriptive and was done by field study. The population was all male and female elders of Ahwaz; the number of whom was 49.558 based on 1385 census. The sample was chosen randomly 380 individuals. Measurement tools were individual ...

[ 796 ] - The role of spiritual intelligence and identity styles on work involvement of sports volunteers

The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of spiritual intelligence and identity styles on work involvement among sports volunteers in 13th Iranian universities sports cultural Olympiad. The method applied in this research was descriptive-correlational. The research statistic population was consisted of all volunteers participating in 13th Sports cultural Olympiad. The sample was eq...

[ 797 ] - The Role of Attitude towards Sports Advertising on Perceived Value and Purchase Intention (Case Study: Customers of Chabahar Free Zone)

The purpose of this study was to provide a model for surveying the effect of attitude towards sport advertising on perceived value and purchase intention. The research is applied in terms of purpose and descriptive and survey in terms of data collection method. Data collection tools were included of questionnaire, interview and library study. The statistical population of this research was cust...

[ 798 ] - Presentation Of Pattern Management Information System Requirements Analysis For Recruiting Sport Vollunteers

Volunteer Movement and deliver services to society is phenomenons of  coeval universe.The aim of this research work was to present a pattern for Iran`s sports volunteer absorbance management information system requirement analysis. This investigation was of descriptive-analytic sort and in regard for practical goal, it was type of (UML) methodology and it used object-oriented design model (RUP)...

[ 799 ] - Prediction of Attitudinal and Behavioral loyalty of Esteghlal and Persepolis Fans by Considering the Team Quality :A Case Study of Female Students in Tehran Universities

The participation of spectators– including both men and women- in sport stadiums and their profitability is one of the new experiences in the world of sports . A significant proportion of Persepolis and Esteghlal fans are women; so, providing conditions for women's loyalty to these teams can help in some decisions on fans management.One of the reasons for  loyalty of fans may be the team's qual...

[ 800 ] - The relation between Emotional Intelligence and Sport Orientation of Male Athletes of Confrontational Sports and non_ Confrontational

This study examined the relationship between emotional intelligence with sport Orientation of Male athletes of Confrontational fields and non_ Confrontational. the method of research is Descriptive-survey and population of the study, 200 participants of Confrontational fields (handball, futsal, basketball, karate, kung fu) and non_ Confrontational (table tennis, chess, swimming, volleyball, gym...

[ 801 ] - EFFECTIVENESS OF SELECTED PSYCOLOGICAL INTERVENTIONS ON REDUCING COMPETITIVE STATE ANXITY OF ATHLETES

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of selected psychological interventions on reducing the competitive State anxiety of athletes of Kermanshah .Current study was semi- experimental with pre-test and post-test and random replacement.90 people were selected by accessible sampling in two experimental and control groups. The educational package was performed through 12 ninety-minut...

[ 802 ] - The relationship between decision making styles of coaches with player’s burnout of the Iranian Premier League

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between decision making styles of volleyball coaches and players burnout of the Iranian Premier League. This applied research and the population as census and correlation with statistical sample included 240 male and female players (100 females and 140 males) and 40 coach and head coach of men's and women's teams firms Iran volleybal...

[ 803 ] - Effects of cognitive functions on feedback request strategy and learning of a perceptual motor task

Taking individuals' cognitive abilities into consideration can play an important role in the initial stages of learning motor skills. So, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of cognitive functions on feedback request strategy and learning of a perceptual motor task. A number of 60 university male students with a mean age of 22/4 years (SD = 1/99) were selected through...

[ 804 ] - The effect of 10 sessions mental training compared with physical training on foot joints and accuracy of soccer penalty kick

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of mental training compared with physical training on on foot joints and accuracy of instep penalty kick in soccer. Method research was a quasi-experimental. 33 male students of Mazandaran University organized in three groups (physical training group, mental training group and control group). After pre-test, mental and physical training groups...

[ 805 ] -

[ 806 ] - The impact of organizational citizenship behavior on the customer-oriented in sport facilities

The purpose of this study was to survey the impact of organizational citizenship behavior on the customer-oriented in sport facilities in Shahrekord. The research method was descriptive, correlational that the survey was carried out. The study population included all employees of public and private sports facilities were Shahrekord. Measuring instruments included OCB questionnaire Paul and Mngv...

[ 807 ] - Ethics in Handball: Investigating the Sportspersonship of Premier League Players

The porpuse of current study was to "investigate sportspersonship of Premier League Handball Players". The kind of this study was descriptive-correlative that based on the covariance matrix factor analysis conducted.The statistical population was consisted of all male professional handball players of premier league (1391-1392), that 95 person were selected as statistical sample. Also to collect...

[ 808 ] - The effect of dual-task training on balance of elderly women: with the motor and cognitive approach

The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of motor and cognitive dual-task training on dynamic balance of elderly women. For this purpose, 27 old women (aged 60 -82 years) from the old people center of Birjand city were selected randomly and divided into 3 groupd based on their TUG scores. The groups comprised of cognitive dual-task training, motor dual-task training and contro...

[ 809 ] - The Relationship between Brand Personality dimensions and Consumer’s Loyalty to Sports Brands in Rasht city

The purpose of the present study was to explain the relationship between brand personality dimensions and customers’ loyalty to sport brands in Rasht.  The method of present survey was descriptive and applied, also the statistical population was loyal customers to sport brands in Rasht.  In order to data collection two questionnaires; Geuens & Wulf (2009) for measuring brand personality dimensi...

[ 810 ] - Anxiety level among Iranian football referees: The role of self-consciousness and coping styles

The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the level of anxiety experienced by Iranian football referees, and to predict the level of referees’ competitive anxiety according to their self-consciousness and coping styles. One hundred thirteen male football referees voluntarily completed a demographic questionnaire, Self-Consciousness Scale (SCS; Fenigstein, Scheier, & Buss, 1975), and ref...

[ 811 ] - The Relationship between Work Ethics and Satisfaction of Event Volunteers

The study of work ethics and job satisfaction have gained great significance following the failures of major corporations and the West’s crisis. The purpose of research was to analyze the relationship between work ethics and  satisfaction events volunteers in sport. The method that applied in research was descriptive-correlation. The research statistic population consists of all volunteers part...

[ 812 ] - The comparison effect implementation methods physical activity outside of class on some of physical fitness factors of boys students

the purpose of this study was the comparison effect implementation methods physical activity outside of class on the physical fitness of 15 y. boy students. method of study was quasi experimental and statitical population of that includes all of the 15 y. boy students of  maraghe city(n=2865). sample of study was 80 pepole who were selected of sample available and then randomly in four groups o...

[ 813 ] - The Effect of Basic Gymnastic Exercises in Environments with Different Colors, on Static and Dynamic Balance

The current research aims to compare the effect of basic gymnastic exercises in environments with different colors, on static and dynamic balance. Participants were 40 female students ranging in age from 8 to 10 years, who were classified into three groups: "exercise in the environment with warm colors", "exercise in the environment with cool colors" and "exercise in the environment with compou...

[ 814 ] - The relationship between motor proficiency with body mass index and nutritional status in healthy boys 10-14 years old

Individual constraints are of the factors that can effect on motor development. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between motor proficiency with body mass index and nutritional status in healthy boys 10-14 years old in Tehran. Statistical sample was of 120 children for BMI and 90 children for nutritional status. body mass index groups, lean, normal, overweight and obese ...

[ 815 ] - Recognition of professional competence of physical education teachers with grounded theory approach

Physical education teachers are an essential component of Sports teaching in schools and as the founder exercise much influence on all the sports section of country, Recognition of professional competence necessary is their main purpose of this survey. This qualitative study and practices underlying theory (Grounded) was performed. The statistical population was included of elite physical educa...

[ 816 ] - Studying the problems of women coaches’: Case study of Arak sport bodies

Women sport have been developed, but it seems that sport coaches confronted with some problems. The purpose of this study was to survey the women sport coaches problems. The statistical population was women sport coaches that working with Arak sport bodies. The statistical sample consisted of 76 coaches. Data were collected by researcher-made questionnaire which its content and face validity wa...

[ 817 ] - Levels Motivation and Reasons Success and Failure of Elite and Sub-Elite Female Athletes in Individual Sports

When an athlete experiences a failure or a success naturally think about its reason(s) and actually search the responsible for the situation. Therefore, the purpose of this descriptive - correlational study was surveying attribution and motivation styles of elite and sub-elite female athletes in individual sports. The statistical population was female athletes in swimming, badminton, karate, ta...

[ 818 ] - The factorial structure of the Self- Regulation Questionnaire in College Physical Education Class (SRQ-PE)

The aim of this study was to examine of the factorial structure of the Self- Regulation Questionnaire in college physical education class (SRQ-PE). 277 students were selected by cluster random sampling in Urmia universities. The results of confirmatory factor analysis determined 5-factor model for the structure of the SRQ-PE with 71.03% of total variance. The confirmatory factor analysis showed...

[ 819 ] - The Effect of motivational covert and overt self-talk on basketball free throw skill learning in adults

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of motivational covert and overt self-talk on basketball free throw skill learning in adults. 60 students of Gorgan Islamic Azad University based on pretest scores randomly assigned in three equal groups (n1=n2=n3=20). Participants in motivational covert and overt self-talk conducted basketball shooting skill acquisition in 12 sessions (each ...

[ 820 ] - Designing, Construction and Accreditation &quot;Human motion analysis instrument based on joints angles in sagittal plane&quot;

Tools and methods that could lead to the recognition and motion analysis variables are helpful in understanding the movements and movement Sciences and It will be a vital part of movement and sport sciences laboratories. "Human motion analysis instrument based on joints angles in sagittal plane" was designed to provide information about the motion analysis that offers to researchers, educators ...

[ 821 ] - Identifying and prioritizing barriers to sponsorship of private companies of sport of champions

The aim of this study was to identify and prioritize barriers to sponsorship of private sponsorship of sport of champions in Kerman province. The research method was survey and Based on applied objective. The statistical population included top managers of private firms in Kerman province (N =150) Which 108 companies were selected with simple random sampling. The required data were collected by...

[ 822 ] - Determining the validity and reliability of the Persian version of Infant movement motivation questionnaire (IMMQ) for 3 to 11 month children

The purpose of this study was to determine Psychometric aspects of the Persian version of Infant Movement Motivation Questionnaire (IMMQ) for infants of 3 to 11 months. In this regard, 528 parents and their infants (239 girls and 289 boys) in Tehran were selected as samples through the method of random cluster sampling. For this purpose, first by using a translation - re translation method, IMM...

[ 823 ] - Factor Analysis of the Retirement Decision Inventory for Iranian Elite Athletes

The aim of the study was to evaluate the factor analysis and internal consistency of a Persian version of the Athletes’ Retirement Decision Inventory (P-ARDI). Fernandez et al. (2006) developed this instrument based on the push, pull, antipush, and anti-pull point of view. We required 243 Iranian elite competitive athletes (mean age = 25.19 years; 81% male) to complete the questionnaire. Th...

[ 824 ] - The Impact of Managerial Changes on Performance of Football Clubs in Iranian Premier League

The purpose of the present study is to investigate the impact of managerial changes on the performance of football clubs in Iranian premier league. The statistical population of present study contains all clubs which participated in 12 seasons of Iranian football clubs premier league from 2001 to 2013. The whole data was extracted from the archive of premier league organization and Foolad ...

[ 825 ] - Strategy of adventure sports development in Sanandaj city by SWOT analysis

In recent years by technology development and changes in lifestyles of communities, adventure sports as a new field of sport is growing in a rapid rate and attracted fans in different communities. Importance of leisure time and sport tourism makes this issue an importante area for scientific research. Thus, the purpose of this study is to investigate the barriers and solutions of adventure ...

[ 826 ] - Effects of vision and amount of practice on accuracy and kinematic of dart throwing “Study of the specificity of practice hypothesis”

According to Specificity of practice hypothesis, availability of visual information specially during performing tasks witch vision has an important role in improving the accuracy, causes further performance decrements in No-vision transfer test. The purpose of the current study was to examine the effects of vision and amount of practice on accuracy and kinematic of dart throwing. 20 female ...

[ 827 ] - The relationship between passion to physical activity and life satisfaction in male students: The Dualistic Model of Passion (DMP)

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between passion to physical activity and life satisfaction in male students. 383 male students were chosen through cluster sampling among various schools in Tabriz and completed passion scale (Vallerand, et al. 2003), and multidimensional life satisfaction scale for students (MSLSS, 2001). T-test and Pearson correlation test was used...

[ 828 ] - Effect of skill level on variability of intra limb coordination and control variables in top spin strike

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of skill level on variability of intra limb coordination and control variables in top spin strike. The 16 participants of this study were divided into two groups of Skilled and Novice. The Skilled group was consisted of players who ranked as 8 top in national ranking at their age stage and the Novice group was consisted of players who rece...

[ 829 ] - Commitment in Women's Football Pro League of Iran

The purpose of this study is investigating the effect of sport orientation on sport commitment in Women's Football Pro League of Iran. Research method of this study is correlation. The population of this study consists of all women football players presented in 2th course of match in women football pro league. The sample size of the research is equal to the population size (200 players). Th...

[ 830 ] - The prediction of knowledge Management through Organizational Culture in some of sports organizations

Today, Organizational culture has an important role in implementation of Knowledge management. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to predict of knowledge management through organizational culture in sports organizations. The Statistical popularly was all managers of National Olympic committee, National Paralympics committee, National Olympic Academy, and Sport Federations (N=225)....

[ 831 ] - The Relationship between Work Ethics and Satisfaction of Event Volunteers

The study of work ethics and job satisfaction have gained great significance following the failures of major corporations and the West’s crisis. The purpose of research was to analyze the relationship between work ethics and satisfaction events volunteers in sport. The method that applied in research was descriptivecorrelation. The research statistic population consists of all volunteers pa...

[ 832 ] - Predication of Competition Result of Judo Players on the Basis of Emotional Intelligence

The purpose of this study was to predict competition result of judo players base on emotional intelligence and its subscales. To get this research done, a 70 person sample from Population of judo players of national leagues in 90-91 season were selected (age = 22.0 ± 3.36 year, judo experience 8.4 ± 2.33 year). The instrument which used in this research was emotional intelligence questionnaire ...

[ 833 ] - Relationship between sport success and kinesthesia in male athlete college students of the age 19 to25

The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between sport success and kinesthesia in male athlete college students. The methods used in the study was descriptive correlation. 100 students athletic in different fields from students’ of state university of Arak in 2012-2013 with the mean age of 21/80±1/94 purposefully using random multistage sampling were selected. (34 stud...

[ 834 ] - Investigation of visual context hypothesis on especial skills in the favorite location of experienced players

Visual context is the context that exists in front of eye field which changes as player moves anyway and forms the new visual context. The favorite locations are the zone that players practice many times over the practice  time. The players performs the best own performance from that. The aim of this study was to evaluate the visual context as one of the reasons making the especial skills in fa...

[ 835 ] - The Estimation of Satisfaction & the Intention of Re Attendance Customers Through Service Quality Components in Sport Clubs: Study of Body Building Clubs

Service quality is one of the most important subjects in marketing studies. Literature review shows that this variable is related to many important variables in marketing area. However, there is always this question of which components of service quality are better predictors for satisfaction and future intention of customers. The data gathered by three standard questionnaires: 1- service quali...

[ 836 ] - Relationship between Social Support Behavior of Physical Education Teachers and motivation of Student in Physical Education Activities

Despite the importance of physical activity is clearly accepted by all, motivation and participation in physical education declines with age. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the social support behavior of physical education teachers and motivation (absence of motivation) of student in P.E activities. This is a descriptive and correlation study. In doi...

[ 837 ] - Fan reaction to the club's social responsibility: a case study of selected team of Iran's Football Pro League

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of club's social responsibility on the fan's intention to purchasing the sponsors products. Population of this study was consists of the fans of three teams that selected of the Iranian Football Pro League. By using the formula to determine the sample size, it for infinite population obtained 384. For data collection, the social responsibility qu...

[ 838 ] - Reconstruction of the Functions of National Media for the Development of Recreational Sports: Strategies and Guidelines

This research aims to reconstruct the functions of national media for development of recreational sports and present strategies and guidelines. The qualitative approach and data-based theorization method is used in this research. In this method, the functions and strategies of national media are elicited directly from the data obtained through profound interviews with experts in order to develo...

[ 839 ] - Relationship between Employee’s Readiness( Ability and Willingness) with Effectiveness of Sport Federations

The purpose of this study was relationship between employee's readiness and effectiveness of sport federations. Population in this study were employees included of expertise , federation committee chiefs and vise chiefs federations committee , n=288 that were completed ( Employee- Readiness questionnaire and employees Effectiveness  questionnaire .Reliability of each scale was tested : Employee...

[ 840 ] - Identifying Iranian sport Human brand characteristics and the rate of social acceptance of it in the internal products marketing of Iran

Today sport celebrities are used as brand in marketing which is called as human branding. Thus the purpose of this study was to investigate if Iranians accept using people as brand for internal products marketing and also to identify the characteristics of a national human brand in sport. This research was a descriptive and Delphi research. The research population concluded of 45 panelists for ...

[ 841 ] - The Effect of Instructional and Motivational Self-talk on the Pattern of Coordination and Accuracy of Basketball free throw

Self-talk as “an internal dialogue, through which the individual interprets feelings and perceptions, regulates and changes evaluations and convictions, and gives him/her instructions and reinforcement”. The purpose of the present study was to compare the effect of two types of instructional and motivational self-talk on the pattern of coordination and accuracy of basketball free throw to speci...

[ 842 ] - Choking under pressure in tennis serve performance: An attentional demand explanation

In this investigation the authors presented an attentional demand explanation for the choking under pressure occurred in sport skills. For this porpouse, attentional demands in tennis serve performance was compared under low and high pressure conditions by using dual task paradigm. Twenty tennis players served as participants and performed sixty serves as primary task in low and high (competiti...

[ 843 ] - The Relation Between Sports Perfectionism and Competitive Anxiety in Women's National Karate Team

The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between perfectionism and competitive anxiety in Women's national karate team. Methodology: This is descriptive and correlational study in which 30 women from national karate team (adults and younger adults) formed the whole statistical population Completed the Martens Competitive state and competitive trait anxiety questionnaire an...

[ 844 ] - The Relation Between Sports Perfectionism and Competitive Anxiety in Women's National Karate Team

The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between perfectionism and competitive anxiety in Women's national karate team. Methodology: This is descriptive and correlational study in which 30 women from national karate team (adults and younger adults) formed the whole statistical population Completed the Martens Competitive state and competitive trait anxiety questionnaire an...

[ 845 ] - Investigation of the Talent Identification Factors and Talent Education Development on Track & Field's Athletes in Iran

Objective: The purpose of current investigation is studding of talent identification factors and education talent development on the track & field's athletes in Iran by views of experts, coaches and athletes.Methodology: The descriptive research method was used in current research. The number of 150 experts, coaches and athletes were recruited in this research.  The number of 6 variables and 45...

[ 846 ] - Investigation of the Talent Identification Factors and Talent Education Development on Track & Field's Athletes in Iran

Objective: The purpose of current investigation is studding of talent identification factors and education talent development on the track & field's athletes in Iran by views of experts, coaches and athletes.Methodology: The descriptive research method was used in current research. The number of 150 experts, coaches and athletes were recruited in this research.  The number of 6 variables and 45...

[ 847 ] - Identifying and Prioritizing Effective Factors on Recruiting Volunteers in Sport for All

 In this article, has been tried identifying and prioritizing Effective factors on recruiting volunteers in sport for all in Islamic Republic of Iran. The method of this study was descriptive-correlation. The statistical populations were the managers of sport for all federation, experts of administration of physical education and faculty members. The researcher-made questionnaire consist of 25 ...

[ 848 ] - Sport retirement

Abstract The purpose of the present study was to examine the process of retirement from professional sport from perspective of sports administrator and retired athletes. This survey was descriptive that 42 administrators and 70 retired athletes from Guilan province took part in it. Data gathered through SCT questionnaire which it's content and face validity was confirmed by 15 experts and re...

[ 849 ] - Analysis of influencing factors on health ways usage in different points of Urmia city (with emphasis on using of body fitness units in parks)

Introduction: Physical activity is an important factor in maintaining of psychological and physical health, leisure time enrichment, development of social relations, avoid from mechanically life, return to nature and is way for reduce of stress and risk factors in public health. The purpose of this study is analysis of influencing factors on health ways usage in different points of Urmia city (...

[ 850 ] - Analysis of influencing factors on health ways usage in different points of Urmia city (with emphasis on using of body fitness units in parks)

Introduction: Physical activity is an important factor in maintaining of psychological and physical health, leisure time enrichment, development of social relations, avoid from mechanically life, return to nature and is way for reduce of stress and risk factors in public health. The purpose of this study is analysis of influencing factors on health ways usage in different points of Urmia city (...

[ 851 ] - The influential factors on the quality of electronic service in sport from Esteghlal club fans point of view

The purpose of the present research is investigation of the theoretical relationship between the main variables of online exercise performance and their impact upon rendering service quality via internet. The statistical population was included of all fans of Tehran Esteghlal sport club, who electronically and via web site purchased the fans products and received information through club media....

[ 852 ] - A Structural Model for the Effect of Psychological Capital on Organizational Citizenship Behavior

The present study has examined the effect of psychological capital on organizational citizenship behavior. This is a case study with cross-sectional design and questionnaire as research method. Statistical population was the formal and contract staff of the Ministry of Youth and Sport (N=210 Employees). The data related to psychological capital and organizational citizenship behavior variables ...

[ 853 ] - The effect of using computer games on learning free throw Basketball skill and comparison with skilled and learning pattern

The aim of this experiment was to study the effect of computer game on acquisition and retention of free throw basketball skills (accuracy and pattern) and compare this method with two patterning methods (skilled and learning). 50 high school students age range 15-17 years were selected as a research samples. Subjects after participating in the pretest were divided into 5 equal groups and each ...

[ 854 ] - The relationship between psychological skills and injuries severity of Tehran teams soccer players participating in premier league of Iran

Introduction: Injury is common incident in most of the sports and games. There are many reasons for the factors incident of injuries, the psychological aspect can be considered as one of them. Method: The aim of present study was to examine the relationship between psychological skills and severity of injuries in football players of Tehran premier league. 108 players of Iran premier league part...

[ 855 ] - Study the validity and reliability of perceived motivational climate in sport questionnaire-2 (PMCSQ-2) for Iranian athletes

The aim of this study was to measure the validity and reliability of perceived motivational climate in sport questionnaire (PMCSQ-2) for Newton and colleagues [2000[. For this purpose, random participants from 553 athletes 13 to 23 years were selected to complete the questionnaire. After applying the translate-retranslate technique, content validity ratio (CVR) and content validity index (CVI) ...

[ 856 ] - The investigation of efficiency of religious orientation model in predicting flow experience in physical education students

The primary aim of the present article is to analyze the efficiency of religious orientation in predicting flow experience of physical education students based on demographic variables. Also, the role of demographic variables was taken into account as the secondary aim of the study. 200 physical education students of the University of Isfahan were chosen randomly. They answered Religious Orient...

[ 857 ] - Measuring the efficiency of provincial administrations of the ministry of sport and youth by using data envelopment analysis

The purpose of this study was to determine the efficiency of provincial administrations of the ministry of sport & youth by using non-parametric Data Envelopment Analysis. Inputs and outputs of the research were selected by the expert’s choice. Inputs for provincial sport administrations included staff, budget and sport facility capitation (percapita). Outputs for provincial sport administratio...

[ 858 ] - Ranking the obstacles to effective strategy implementation in Iran sport system based on analytical hierarchy process (AHP)

The aim of this study was to rank and analyze the barriers to implementing strategies in the sports system. For this purpose Analytical Hierarchy Process was used. Participants in this study compromised experts and scholars who were familiar with the strategic management in the formulation or implementation of the strategies involved in the sport (n =21). in order to provide couples with the sc...

[ 859 ] - Relationship between trust in leadership and athletic performance in selected sports (Gymnastics, Diving and Wushu)

Many of the social interpersonal relationships are formed in the context of sports, exercise and physical activity (Jowett & Cockerill, 2002). One of the special relationship, is the relationship between athletes and coach, which in the case of duration and intensity is similar to conventional and unique relationship between leaders and followers. In such environments, a key component in determ...

[ 860 ] - Relationship among coaching behavior, achievement motivation and team players performance of Iranian Handball pro-league

The objective of this study was to survey the relationship among coaching behavior, achievement motivation and team players performance of Iranian Handball pro-league. In this regard the coaching behavior questionnaire (CBQ) of Martin and Barens (1999) and sport attitude inspection questioners of  Willis (SAI) (1980) was used for survey of achievement motivation. Reliability of research tools a...

[ 861 ] - The comparison among fans loyalty motivations, supportive career and attendance in popular soccer pro-league clubs

The purpose of this study was comparison among of Fans loyalty motivation, supportive career and attendance in Iran’s popular soccer pro league clubs (Persepolis, Esteghlal, Teraktorsazi and Sepahan). The design applied in this research was descriptive-correlation.  The populations were whole pro league soccer fans in competition between Persepolis and Sepahan (with 55000 populations) and Esteg...

[ 862 ] - Relationship between perception of power bases sport federations' presidents and employees' effectiveness

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between power bases of sport federations' president (PBSP-other) with employees effectiveness. Population of this study was employees included of experts, federation committee chiefs and vise chiefs federation committee, n=288 that completed (POSP-other) questionnaire and employees Effectiveness. PBSP–other questionnaire (with 15 que...

[ 863 ] - The relationship among servant leadership style, team effectiveness, and team performance in the Iranian men's Volleyball pro-league teams

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among servant leadership, team effectiveness, and team performance of the Iranian men's volleyball pro-league teams. Descriptive co-relational used as a research design. The statistical sample included players (n=173) and assistant coaches (n=66) from 15 teams. The data collected were gathered using two instruments: (a) The Organizat...

[ 864 ] - Examining and prioritizing the dimensions of organizational justice of administration of sport and youth of Tehran province

The purpose of this study is to classify different dimensions of organizational justice of administration of Youth and Sports of Tehran Province. The statistical population of this research includes all employees of administration of Youth and Sports of Tehran Province (N=180). Statistical sampling was based upon the whole with an equal volume with relevant society. For the purpose of data coll...

[ 865 ] - Specify the especial skill in backhand short badminton serve: A challenge to schema theory

Recent evidence suggest that massive amount of practice of a skill results in the development of a specific memory representation that is distinguished by its enhanced performance capability relative to the other members of the same class that is uniqe and termed 'Especial Skill'. This study aimed to investigate the emergence of special skill and reevaluation the visual-context hypothesis using...

[ 866 ] - Athletics impulsively traits: A comparison between contact and noncontact sports

The aim ofthisstudy was to investigatedifferentaspects ofimpulsivityin the athletes of contact and non-contactsports. volunteer participants were 60 athletes of contact (age: 25.9±4.6 years) and non-contact (age: 27.6±4.9 years) sports. Participants were asked to complete the Barratt’s Impulsivity Scale (BIS-11) and participate in continuous performance test(CPT). Multivariate analysis of varia...

[ 867 ] - The Effect of a Course of Psychological Skills Training (PST) Program on Selected Mental Skills and the Performance of Teenager Female Taekwondo Athletes of Iranian National Team

The purpose of current study was to consider a course of doing psychological skills training (PST) program on chosen mental skills and the performance of teenager female taekwondo athletes with mean age 16 years of Iranian national team in 2009. The current study is in tentative type and pre and post test design with control group. To do this 22 people (female) among invited people to the camp ...

[ 868 ] - The relationship of coping strategies and performance–goal discrepancy (PGD) with positive and negative effects in sprinter runner of Iranian university students

This study examined the relationship between coping strategies and performance–goal discrepancy (PGD) with positive and negative effects before and after the competition. Sixty-two Iranian male sprinter runners, aged from 21 to 26 years, completed the Brief COPE (Carver, 1997) and the PANAS (Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988) questionnaire two hours before and six hours after the competition. The...

[ 869 ] - The relationship between transformational and transactional leadership styles with conflict management strategies among Iran futsal pro-leagues coaches

Conflict Management is a leadership interpersonal skill. Using proper leadership styles can lead to effective conflict management. This research aims to study the relationship between transformational and transactional leadership in Bass model (1985) with conflict management strategies in Iran futsal pro-leagues coaches. Coaches leadership style and conflict management strategies were measured ...

[ 870 ] - A Comparative Study of the Current Status of Iranian Universities Intramural Sport Programs with ten year ago

The purpose of this study was comparing the current status of intramural program Iranian universities with ten years ago. In this study, the status of Intramural Program of Iranian Universities in three fields (educational, recreational, championship sport) regarding the number of implemented programs and participants in intramural program and active sports were compared. For investigation of s...

[ 871 ] - The Relationship between Personal and Organizational Time Management Skills of Managers of P.E in Khuzestan Province

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between personal and organizational time management skills of directors of physical education administrations in Khuzestan province. Research design was correlational. The Statistical population of this study was consisted of general director and his assistants (N=6), managers of P.E offices (N=24), presidents (N=46) and vice preside...

[ 872 ] - Validation of the Organizational culture Assessment Instrument (OCAI) based on the Competing Values Framework Model (CVF) within Iranian Sport Organizations (Federations)

Today, the organizational culture variable is the main focus of analysis in many organizational studies. In the last years, this construct, has found special status in the field of sport management researches. This study aims to validate and investigate the psychometric properties of organizational culture assessment instrument (OCAI) based on the competing values framework model (CVF) in Irani...

[ 873 ] - Comparison of Factors Affecting on Sport Spectators` Attendance among Football, Basketball and Volleyball Professional Leagues in Iran

The purpose of this study was comparison of factors that affecting on spectators of football, basketball, and volleyball professional leagues. The statistical sample of this study was 500 spectators from each league that randomly selected from attendant spectators in stadiums. For statistical analysis of data used descriptive and inferential statistics methods includes Pearson correlation coeff...

[ 874 ] - Comparative study of indoor sport facilities and equipments of general administration of physical education and education ministry with standards in terms of safety and hygiene in Hamedan province

The aim of this study was a comparison between indoor sport facilities and equipments general administration of physical education and education ministry of Hamedan province with standards in term of safety and hygiene. Statistical population of this study includes the indoor sport facilities of hamedan province’s general administration of physical education (N=130) and education ministry (N=51...

[ 875 ] - The relationship of service quality, customer satisfaction and loyalty with future intention for participation of fitness centers (Case study Rasht Township)

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of service quality, customer satisfaction and attitudinal loyalty on future intention of participations in fitness and aerobic centers of Rasht Township. The design of this study was correlational. The population of study includes all costumers of aerobic and fitness centers in Rasht that have one year attendance in this clubs. So, Acc...

[ 876 ] - The relationship between perceptions of organizational justice with job satisfaction and organizational commitment of personnel in I.R.I. physical education organization

The present study explored the justice with job satisfaction and organizational commitment relationship between perception of organizational using a field sample. In the case, three questionnaires of organizational justice by Rego and Cunha (2006), job satisfaction by Gannon (Moghimi, 1385) and organizational commitment by Steers et al (Moghimi, 1385) are used. Validity and reliability confirme...

[ 877 ] - Sport Commitment Model Test Scanlan and Simons in Taekwondo

Purpose:The purpose of this study was to examine the motives of sport commitment model of continuous participation in the martial art of taekwondo.Method: This study used survey & cross-sectional method. The data is gathered from 135 participants at taekwondo sport city of Yazd.The collection instrument of data was sporting commitment measure revised. Results: Results from the empirical test of...

[ 878 ] - Evaluation of task complexity with using the number of practice trails

The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of the number of practice trials in determining the degree of task complexity. Sixty subjects according to the types of tasks (A-B) and receiving feedback (100%, omitted, self-control) were randomly divided into six groups.All of the subjects practiced 100 trials tasks in each day on first two days. Retention tests were performed during...

[ 879 ] - The effect of self-control feedback on the learning of generalized motor program and parameters during physical and observational practice

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of self-control feedback on the learningof generalized motor program and parameters during physical and observational practice. Participants (n=90) were randomly assigned to physical and observational practice (self-control, yoked and instructor KR) groups. They practiced a sequential timing task. The task required participants to press four k...

[ 880 ] - The Effect of Three Types of Training Environments (Competitive, NonCompetitive and Combined) on Acquisition and Retention of Open and Closed Skills

The aim of this research was to determine the effect of different training environments, type of skills and interactions on open and closed skills. The statistical  population was all students living in dormitories of Tehran University in the 88-89  academic year. The sample was 60 people selected based on convenience sampling methods among students who had no experience in badminton skills (Lo...

[ 881 ] - Manifestations of Sufism, Chivarly, and Shia Religion in Ancient Sport and Gymnasium of Iran

The purpose of this paper was to briefly discuss origins of the Iranian sport clubs and ancient sports. Apparently, ancient sports, from the very beginning, have been dramatically under the influence of social, religious, and ethical factors. For instance, such sports are influenced by the principles of Mithraism and Zoroastrianism be for the emergence of Islam. There are also some manifestatio...

[ 882 ] - The relationship between principals’ leadership styles and motivational needs of the physical education teachers based on McGregor’s theory

The purpose of this research was to determine the relation between principals' transactional and transformational leadership styles and the motivational needs of physical education teachers based on Douglas McGregor's X & Y theory. According to X theorical supposing human is interest to work and responsible and this is in her essence. This person is self control and self motivation. Whereas in ...

[ 883 ] - The Relationship between organizational culture with knowledge management effectiveness and organizational effectiveness among selected sport organizations of Iran

The purpose of this study was to survey the relationship between organizational culture with knowledge management effectiveness and organizational effectiveness among selected sport organizations of Iran. For this purpose, 169 administrators and 209 experts have been selected using random sampling. The study scales consisted of Denison’s Organizational Culture Questionnaire (2007), Gold’s Knowl...

[ 884 ] - The Relationship between Organizational Culture and Organizational Entrepreneurship in Physical Education Headquarter of Tehran

The main purpose of the present study was to determining the relationship between organizational culture and organizational entrepreneurship in physical education head quarters of Tehran province, which was carried out by a descriptive field method. The study population was the experts and heads of physical education headquarters of Tehran province. Statistical sample set of entire the experts ...

[ 885 ] - Study of Organizational Effectiveness in Selective Sporting Federations

It is widely recognized that the performance measurement of organizations should help them in their strategic decisions and in their capacity to evaluate their successes. This study uses the Competing Value Framework )CVF) for measurement the organizational effectiveness of four federations of basketball, handball, taekwondow and Weight lifting. Those federations were selected according to a go...

[ 886 ] - Estimation of Competitive Balance in Iran’s Football Pro League

Nowadays the subject of competitive balance in sport events is getting huge attention in world economic science. CB in sport means what team will win in a competition. In this research the status of CB in Iran’s football pro league is studied. It’s obvious that if Football league in terms of economic is supposed to be dynamic and alive in economic area, they must follow a suitable of CB. Data g...

[ 887 ] - The effect of changing coach on team’s performance in Iran’s Football Pro-League

This research aims to determination effect of changing coach on team’s performance in the Iran’s Football Pro-League during season. The method applied in this research is causal-comparative. The participants in this research were all the 54 teams in Iran’s pro league during three seasons (2008-09, 2009-10, 2010-11) and 30 teams which changed coaches were chosen as a sample. Variance analysis re...

[ 888 ] - The comparative study of barriers of sport participation among athletes and non-athletes’ female teachers in Hamadan, using Crawford hierarchical barriers (case study of female teachers in Hamadan)

The purpose of this study was the comparative study of barriers of sport participation among athletes and non-athletes’ female teachers in Hamadan, using Crawford hierarchical barriers. This was a cross-sectional study design including all female teachers in Hamadan (N =923). The sample was determined using Morgan’s Table (n=230) people were selected using stratified sampling (108 athletes and ...

[ 889 ] - Effects of training and Fitness Education on the Health-Related Physical Fitness Factors in Adolescent Students: Evaluating the Mediating Role of Knowledge and Internal Motivation

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exercise and fitness education on physical fitness factors. 84 healthy non-athlete student (mean age 12.5±0.49 yrs, mean height 153.8±6.1 cm, mean wieght 46.25±7.3 kg) who had not regular activities for more than 6 months were voluntarily participated in this study. They were randomly divided among three groups: training-education (n=28),...

[ 890 ] - Relationship between Attitude, Organizational Structure and Organizational Climate with Information Technology Diffusion among Selected Sport Organizations in Iran

In this study the Relationship between attitude, organizational structure and organizational climate and information technology diffusion among selected sport organizations in IRAN wasinvestigated. Total 176 administrators and 194 experts using random sampling were selected. Questionnaires as the measuring attitude, researcher-designed organizational structure, organizational climate, informati...

[ 891 ] - The Relationship between Organizational Excellence and Organizational Commitment in Physical Education General Offices of Iran's Selected Provinces

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between organizational excellence and organizational commitment (OC) in physical education (P.E.) general offices of Iran's selected provinces. Validity of the questionnaires was verified by the experts and their reliability also calculated in a pilot study (;alpha=0.928 and ;alpha=0.83 respectively for EFQM and Allen, Meyer &...

[ 892 ] - The Relationship between Coach's Leadership Styles and Group Cohesion in Teams Participating in the 10thDomestic Universiade (Male Students)

The present study examined the relationship between coach's leadership styles and group cohesion in the individual and group teams participating in the 10th sport domestic universiade of male students. 321 out of 1906  students selected as sample of this study. Athletes completed two instruments in this study Leadership Scale for Sport (LSS, Chelladurai & Saleh, 1980) and the Group Environment ...

[ 893 ] - The comparison of Physical Skill, Cognitive, and Affective Needs of Female Students in Physical Education Curriculum

The purpose of this study was ranking the psycho-motor, cognitive, and affective needs of elementary, junior-high, and high school student. For this purpose, 385 P.E. specialists, 1370 Femalephysical educators, 1509 Femalestudents, and 1385 student mothers from capital cities of 25 provinces in the country, participated in this study. Twelve physical-motor needs, 15 sport-skill needs, 13 cognit...

[ 894 ] - Effect of Procedures AugmentedFeedback Presentation (after Successful and Unsuccessful Trials), on Learning and Error Detection Capability, in Force-Produce Task

The aim of this study was examining the effect of knowledge of results presentation (after successful and unsuccessful trials), on learning and error detection capability in force-produce task. Sixty under graduated students (range age 21.6±4), participated in this study and in order to KR presentation, divided in three groups. One of the groups received KR after successful trials, the other gr...

[ 895 ] - The Relationship and Comparison between Perfectionism andMood States of Team and Individual Sports Athletes

Perfectionism and mood states are psychological constructs which according to the results of recent studies, have substantial role in sport performance. The purpose of this research was to determine and compare therelationship between sport perfectionism and mood states inteam and idiviual sports athletes. The Research method used is descriptive with a correlative approach. Based on random samp...

[ 896 ] - Perceived Motivational Climate, Psychological Needs Satisfaction and Self-Determined Motivation in Youth Male Athletes

This study examines the relationship pattern of the motivational climate,satisfaction of the psychological needs and self-determined motivation in youth male athletes based on the self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985, 2000). A sample of 255 athletes ranging from 12-14 years of age from varity of team sports completed the Motivational climate in youth sport, behavioral regulations toward...

[ 897 ] - Determination of Strategic, Existing and Desirable Situation of Entrepreneurship in Sport of Iran

The purpose of this study is survey of existing and desirable status in Iran’s entrepreneurial in sport from the view point of sport experts. This study is descriptive­_ analytic one and was conducted as a survey and statistical sample consisted of 64 subjects including: physical education organization top managers and sport management professors. Data collected by interviews and research desig...

[ 898 ] - The Relation ofAutonomy-Supportive Behaviors of Coaches withSelf-Determined Motivation and Sport Commitment of EliteFemale Players inHandball League

The aim of this study was to examine therelationship perceived autonomy-supportive behaviors of coaches onself-determined motivation and sport commitment of elitefemale players inHandball league. The research desing was a descriptive-correlational.For this pourpose statistical society of this research incloud 237 female players were selected equal to sample society. Perceived autonomy- supporti...

[ 899 ] - The Effect of External and Internal Focus of Attention on Shot Put Skill

The purpose of the present study was to study the effect of attentional focus instructions on motor skills that requiring near to maximum force production, such as shot put skill. In this experiment, twenty eight right- handed girl students with little shot put experience were selected voluntarily. They divided to two groups (internal and external focus) based on their shot put scores in pre- t...

[ 900 ] - The Effect of Coaching Behaviors on Coaching Efficacy and Team Dynamic of Volleyball Pro-League Players in Iran (2009)

The purpose of the present study was to determinethe effect of coaching behaviors on coaching efficacy and team dynamic of vollyball pro- league in Iran (2009). 160 athletes and coach from 13 team participated as samples in this study. Coacing behavior was measured by Martin, S.B., & Barnes, K. (1999) Coaching Behavior questionnaire. Coaching Efficacy was measured by Feltz, D.L., Chase, M.A, Mo...

[ 901 ] - The Study of Creative Leadership Styles Chiefs Sport Committees in Ghom Province with Caution to Their Leadership styles (Transformational, Transactional and People Oriented)

The purpose of this study was to investigate Creative Leadership Styles Chiefs Sport Committees in Qom Province with Caution to their Leadership styles (Transformational, Transactional and People oriented). Between 35 sport committees, 33 assistant managers and committee managers sport committees (n=63) completed the two questionnaire of individual characteristics and Creative leadership questi...

[ 902 ] - A Study of the Relationship between the Styles of Conflict Management and the Quality of Dyadic manager-employee Communication in Sport Organizations. A Case Study in Mazandaran Province

Purpose of this research was to study of the relationship between the styles of conflict management and the quality of the relationship between manager and employee, emphasizing on their demographic attributes. The methodology of this research was descriptive, present-based and practical. The sampling frame for this study consists of 100 managers and employees who are in administration of physi...

[ 903 ] - The Study of the Relationship between the Workaholism and the Work Life Quality of Physical Education Instructor of Universities in Iran

The main aim of this study was to find out the relationship between the workholism and the quality of work life among the physical education instructor throughout the country. This research included 264 physical education instructor in the universities belong   to Ministry of Sciences, Research and Technology of Iran. Of them, 163 persons have been chosen by simple random sample method based on...

[ 904 ] - Sport Entrepreneurship: A Recent Approach in Entrepreneurship and Sport Management

Innovation, creativity and change are the key elements and unavoidable factors in sport. The importance of this issue encourages us to study sport from the point of view of entrepreneurship. During the recent years, spreading the sport management and development of entrepreneurship have created a new frame work in sport in a way that a new approach has been appeared regarding sport management a...

[ 905 ] - Effect of Blocked, Random, and systematically Increasing Practice Schedules on Learning of Various Basketball Pass

This research aims at studying the effect of different Practice Schedules (Blocked, Random, and systematically increasing) on acquisition, retention and transfer different basketball pass Species (overhead, chest and single arm). Subjects included 45 secondary male students (Mean age 17.14± 0.75) whom were assigned into three matched groups Blocked, Random and systematically increasing (its men...

[ 906 ] - The Effect of Perceived Coaches’ Leadership Behavior on Motivational Climate and Athlete Satisfaction of Women Taking Part in Basketball Super League of Iran

The aim of this study is to determine the effect of perceived coach leadership behavior on motivational climate and athlete satisfaction of women taking part in basketball super league of Iran. Statistical population of this study was included from all super leagues’ female basketball players. Sample society was equal to all 174 athletes of statistical society and the method of research was des...

[ 907 ] - Time Course of Attention during a Volleyball Jumping-Serve Using a Dual-Task Paradigm

In the present investigation we determined the time course of attention demands during the jumping service in volleyball by the dual-task paradigm. Fourteen voluntary junior elite volleyball players performed 60 jumping serve. Jumping-serve performance (JSP) as primary task and verbal reaction time (RT) to an auditory stimulus that was administered in four probe positions (PP), as secondary tas...

[ 908 ] - The Relationship among Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment and Internal Service Quality in Selected Federations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among job satisfaction, organizational commitment and internal service quality in selected federations. For this purpose Xie, Di (2005) questionnaire was used. Reliability of the questionnaire after a pilot study using Cronbach's alpha test (;alpha =0/86) respectively. Statistical society desired to study all the staff federations sw...

[ 909 ] - Effect of type of attentioal instruction and increasing frequency on relative phase stability of coordination bimanual movements

Thepurpose of present research was to answer to this question that how attentionalinstructions and increasing frequency of movement impress on relative phasestability in coordination bimanual movements? Participants (N=14) practiced inphase and anti phase under internal and external attention and increasingfrequency. In acquisition phase apply external v. internal attention and aftereach trial ...

[ 910 ] - Effect 0f Resistance training program on physical self concept and body function of boys with cerebral palsy at age of 13-18 years

Physical Self Concept can be affected from interventions such as sport and exercise training. So in order to enhancing the person`s physical characteristics perception and creation the partnership motivation in physical activity, it is important to know a bout the way of affecting this methods of training. Purpose: this study was designed to evaluate the effect of a progressive resistance train...

[ 911 ] - Relationship between Emotional Intelligence with psychological skills in Female Athletes

Emotional intelligence  is the main factor for predicting individual performance and also it is known as the most important force for leading  and success. The aim of this research was the relationship between Emotional Intelligence and  psycological skills in female athletes student at Shahrood University of  Technology. The sample consists of 40 athletes, selected on the base of  purposive sa...

[ 912 ] - Effect of attention direction variation by instructional self-talk on performance and learning of Basketball free throw in young female students

The purpose of present study was investigation of the effect of attention direction variation by instructional self-talk on performance and learning of Basketball free throw. Therefore, 33 novice female students (mean of the age=22 yr.) who had intermediate trait anxiety were selected randomly. The participants were assigned to 3 matched groups according to pretest. The self-talk with internal ...

[ 913 ] - Relationship between organizational structure and innovation of staff experts of Physical Education Organization

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between organizational structure and innovation of staff experts of physical education organization. Statistical population was all of staff experts of Physical Education Organization (n=320), which hence, 160 subjects were selected randomly. For collecting research data, personal information Questionnaire, Robin’s standardized Organ...

[ 914 ] - The Relationship Between Transformational and Transactional Leadership Styles with Organizational Commitment of Physical Educators

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between leadership styles (transformational, transactional and non-leadership) of school administrators and commitment of P.E teachers in Hamedan province. Methodology: The Statistical population consisted of school administrators (N=110) and physical educators (N=200) in Hamedan province. Statistical sample was equal to s...

[ 915 ] - Social Capital Role on Sport Consumption (Spectating): The Study in Yazd City Youth

Thepurpose of this study was to consider the impact of social capital among youthsport consumption (spectating). This study used survey & cross-sectionalmethod. The data gathered from 385 youths whom selected via stratified samplingand then random sampling from 20 to 30 years old youth in 3 zone of Yazd city.The collection instrument of data was social capital questionnaire designed.Cronbach Al...

[ 916 ] - Tafarrod-e Fatwaei and an Evaluation of the Documentation of Feiz Kashani’s Tafarrodat-e Fatwaei

One of the most controversial issues in Islamic jurisprudence which is related to hadith sciences too is tafarrod-e fatwaei (a case in which there is only a single fatwa) and disagreement with shohrat-e fatwaei (popularity of fatwas) though this kind of tafarrod is due to legitimate reasons, including those from narrations, as giving opinion over jurisprudential issues while ignoring shohrat-e ...

[ 917 ] - A Critical Analysis of the Views which Consider Ziyarat-e Jame’-e Kabirah Apocryphal

Ziyarat-e Jame’-e Kabirah is one of the most popular prayers with observable effects that can be recited in honor of the infallible Imams. One of its significant features is that it includes statements from the Prophet’s (p.b.u.h.) Ahl al-Bayt. This prayer has been described by some revisionist Shiites as exaggerative as some special and extraordinary qualities have been attributed to the Ahl a...

[ 918 ] - The Relationship between Laylat al-Qadr and the Infallible Divine Authority With a Ta’wili Approach and a Focus on Surah al-Dokhan

The revelation and the descending of the Quran on a blessed night and the determination of man’s destiny on that night are among the issues mentioned in the initial verses of Surah al-Dokhan, which is one of the seven surahs beginning with the Arabic letters ح   and م. By correlating the descending of the Quran on a blessed night and the initial verses of Surah al-Qadr, it becomes clear that La...

[ 919 ] - Artistic Imagery in Fadak Sermon

Today, imagery has a special place in the analysis and criticism of literary texts. This artistic tool which is one of the most important forms of expression in theology transmits ideas intuitively using fantasy and the figurative applications of the language. This transmission makes the meaning more tangible and helps to consolidate it in the audience's mind. In the present study, using the de...

[ 920 ] - Studying the problems of student participation in research activities

The present study investigates the problems of student participation in research activities in Farhangiyan University. The research method was descriptive – survey. The research instrument, interviews and a questionnaire were designed. In the interview, purposeful sampling; theoretical saturation and for gathering data from questionnaire, simple random method was used. Construct and content val...

[ 921 ] - A study of the educational, cultural and social consequences of increasing women’s enrollment in higher education

The growing presence of girls in higher education is an issue that has attracted attention and has a lot of opponents and proponents. In this article, effects of this event were studied in three dimensions, cultural, social and educational. Research method was descriptive – survey and the population of study was all students and faculty members at Isfahan University, Isfahan University of Techn...

[ 922 ] - The relationship between self-control and moral judgment on the academic achievement of fifth grade students

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the development of moral judgment and self-control growth of student achievement of fifth grade elementary schools in Sabzevar city, The sample size, 250 students (124 boys and 126 girls) were selected by multistage cluster sampling method was rudimentary. In this study, to collect data from two questionnaires: 1) mor...

[ 923 ] - Path Analysis of the Effect of mobile phone usage on academic engagement: the Mediating Role of attention

  This study was carried out to provide a structural model for illustrating the structural relationships between the amount of mobile phone usage and academic engagement with mediating role of attention in students at the University of Birjand. The statistical population of this study included all students studying at Birjand University in the academic year 2015-2016. Sample included 200 stude...

[ 924 ] - Research Help Seeking Situation among Students of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

This study aims to examine the situation of research help seeking among graduate students (students of master and Ph.D. candidates) at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. The sample size was 425, selected by Quota sampling and based on educational level, gender and faculty. The 58 items questionnaire prepared and analyzed by the researchers was used to measure research help seeking. The results sho...

[ 925 ] - Effect of Educational pattern Training on Parent-Child Relationship and Critical Thinking

Parents and children from tender age through adolescence continue to renew relationships with each other. This study aims to show how Training Educational pattern influenced the Parent-Child Relationship subsequent critical thinking. In this study quasi-experimental pretest-posttest control group method was used. Statistical population of all female students in twelfth grade schools in Birjand ...

[ 926 ] - Exploration of Relationship Between Usage of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Tools and Critical Thinking Desposition Among Distance Education Students

One of the main objectives of the ICT-based education is training of critical thinking skills. Critical thinking is essential for a thouthful way of living and compatability to rapid social changes. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship betweeen usage of ICT tools and critical thinking desposition among distance education students. The research was done through descriptive (...

[ 927 ] - The Comparison of Temperament, Character, and Distraction between Deaf and Normal Students

The main purpose of present study was to comparing of temperament character and distraction between students deaf and normal. This research was a causal-comparative study. The statistical population consisted of all students studying deaf and normal in the second half of 2014, the city was Gilan- Gharb (20 = N). Due to the limited population size were chosen as the deaf And 20 normal students a...

[ 928 ] - Benefiting from the Function of Hidden Curriculum in the Development of Critical Thinking among University Students

The most fundamental move to enhance the quality of critical thinking in students is the improvement of motivation to think, as the key to success in life and study. This is because acquiring the skills involved in critical thinking, in the process of official curriculum, cannot guarantee the development of these skills, and consequently, their application in different situations. Therefore, on...

[ 929 ] - Analysis of the Relationship between Distributed Leadership Style and Organizational Effectiveness of High Schools in Hamadan

The main objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between Distributed Leadership and Organizational Effectiveness of high schools in Hamadan city. The research method was descriptive-correlation. The statistical population included all high school teachers of Hamadan in the academic year of 2015. Based on classical random sampling, using Krejcie and Morgan chart, 335 teachers...

[ 930 ] - Academic Achievement Based on Students Goal Orientation and Subjective well-being and Parents Goal Orientation and Subjective well-being by Structural Equation

The purpose of t the study is to test the model for the explanation of academic achievement based on students' goal orientation and subjective well-being and parents' subjective well-being and goal orientation for the third year high school students. 441 females’ students and their parents were selected by cluster sampling in this correlation study. Students filled the Positive and Negative Aff...

[ 931 ] - Personal Knowledge Management: Competitive Competency of Knowledge Workers

Dynamic and complex circumstances of any organization, especially educational organizations critically require creative and innovative knowledge workers. Various skills such as personal knowledge management (PKM) are necessary to succeed in job and professional career. PKM is one of the best sources of personal, collective, and organizational innovations and proper direction of organizatio...

[ 932 ] - Assessing the Competency of Trainers and Labor- Coaches in Education with Production outside the Work and Knowledge Centre

The aim of this research was evaluating the competencies of trainers and labor-coaches of “Education with Production” outside of the “Work and Knowledge Centre” in Kermanshah province. The research method used was survey. The statistical population consisted of 20 managers and experts from education office and technical schools, and 135 students whom they used the "Education with Productio...

[ 934 ] - Redefine of Education and its Components Based on the Phenomenological Concept of Identity

The concept of identity is one of the most crucial issues of human society. One of the areas in which the concept of identity has been strongly discussed, is education. In each period, affected by the terms and textural characteristics of societies and eras, identity has found special concept.The authors attempt to redefine education and its components, based on the phenomenological concep...

[ 935 ] - The Role of Gender Segregation on Academic Achievement and Social Acceptance in Primary Schools

The interest on studying Single-Sex and Coeducational Elementary Schooling has grown significantly among researchers. Despite this, there has been no research on this topic in Iran till now. The effects of school type on academic achievement and social desirability which are among important variables are examined in this research. The research design is causal-comparative. The population i...

[ 936 ] - Learning Style an Approach for Academic Guidance of High School Students

The purpose of this study was investigating high school students’ learning styles in order to develop an instrument for academic guidance. The population of this study consisted of male students in three fields of science, mathematics, and humanities in high schools of Hamedan. The sample, consisted of 170 male students in grades 2 and 3 of high school in the fields of science, mathematics...

[ 938 ] - Improving algebraic quadric equations learning in high school freshmen through using Management Education Model

The main purpose of this research was investigating the effectiveness of Management Education Model (MEM) in improving a high school freshmen learning in the algebraic quadric equations in the District 5 in the academic year 90-91in Tehran. The independent variable was a scenario made in 10 chunks introducing into the class scene sequentially. A simple random selection of students in 5 classes ...

[ 939 ] - Integration of Science and Technology in Primary Curriculum

One of the main issues to be considered in the educational system is education. Education is the result of four elements which are interacting with each other. These four elements are: teaching, learning, structure and curriculum. Curriculum is a plan for action which forms the structure. Another issue is the status of knowledge and the way we can transform it into educational materials. In pos...

[ 940 ] - The Teacher's Perspective on How to Delight Schools Considering the Physical Standards

Joy and happiness has always been as one of the most important needs of students and teachers at schools. Studies have shown that physical factors, management, and relationships at school are involved in creating happiness in teachers and students. In the present study, our main focus is on the physical aspect of schools, which should be in accordance with the standards of education, according...

[ 941 ] - Organizational Factors Affecting Knowledge Sharing Within Group (Case Study: Offices of the Central Building of BSI)

One of the most important resources for any organization, competitiveness and innovation, knowledge management and knowledge sharing in the organization and the process is correct. Despite the importance knowledge sharing, manpower agencies may refrain from doing it. That's why one of the key challenges in knowledge management is how organizations can encourage employees to share their knowledg...

[ 942 ] - Analysis of national identity in textbooks

Today, national identity is one of the most important issues in developing countries is planned. Much of the training of national identity in the context of formal education takes place .Beginning with the period of fundamental transformation textbooks is also consistent with the new approach. The present article deals with the analysis of national education and from this point of clarification...

[ 943 ] - Developing Strategic Management Model for Higher Education in Iran

Strategic management has known as an essential and critical factor to efficiency and effectiveness of organizations at any rganizational domains and activities. Application of Strategic management in higher education has increasingly developed in last decades. The aim of this research is developing a Strategic Management Model (SMM) for Iranian Higher Education system. The research sample consi...

[ 944 ] - Impact of Information Technology in Developing and Improving the Quality of Education

With rapid changes in techniques and skills in information technology and the emergence of new phenomena and their impact on the methods and techniques to living, learning one of the fundamental pillars of society has been transformed While the e-learning as a new paradigm, has been able to responsible for huge volume of education and learning is present. This paper survey the concept of learni...

[ 945 ] - Topics on the Ratliff-Rush Closure of an Ideal

Introduction Let  be a Noetherian ring with unity and    be a regular ideal of , that is,  contains a nonzerodivisor. Let . Then . The :union: of this family, , is an interesting ideal first studied by Ratliff and Rush in [15]. ‎  The Ratliff-Rush closure of  ‎ is defined by‎ . ‎ A regular ideal  for which ‎‎ is called Ratliff-Rush ideal.‎‏‎ ‎ The present paper, reviews some of the known prop...

[ 946 ] - Estimation of the Parameters of the Lomax Distribution using the EM Algorithm and Lindley Approximation

Estimation of statistical distribution parameter is one of the important subject of statistical inference. Due to the applications of Lomax distribution in business, economy, statistical science, queue theory, internet traffic modeling and so on, in this paper, the parameters of Lomax distribution under type II censored samples using maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods are estimated. Wherea...

[ 947 ] - Numerical Solution of Weakly Singular Ito-Volterra Integral Equations via Operational Matrix Method based on Euler Polynomials

Introduction Many problems which appear in different sciences such as physics, engineering, biology, applied mathematics and different branches can be modeled by using deterministic integral equations. Weakly singular integral equation is one of the principle type of integral equations which was introduced by Abel for the first time. These problems are often dependent on a noise source which a...

[ 948 ] - Normal forms of Hopf Singularities: Focus Values Along with some Applications in Physics

This paper aims to introduce the original ideas of normal form theory and bifurcation analysis and control of small amplitude limit cycles in a non-technical terms so that it would be comprehensible to wide ranges of Persian speaking engineers and physicists. The history of normal form goes back to more than one hundreds ago, that is to the original ideas coming from Henry Poincare. This tool p...

[ 949 ] - Bifurcation analysis and dynamics of a Lorenz –type dynamical system 

./files/site1/files/0Abstract1.pdfIn this paper we consider a continues Lorenz – type dynamical system. Dynamical behaviors of this system such as computing equilibrium points, different bifurcation curves and computation of normal form coefficient of each bifurcation point analytically and numerically. In particular we derived sufficient conditions for existence of Hopf and Pitchfork bifurcati...

[ 950 ] - Application of Gompertz-Poisson Distribution in LifetimeTheory

Gompertz-Poisson distribution is a three-parameter lifetime distribution with increasing, decreasing, increasing-decreasing and unimodal shape failure rate function and a composition of Gompertz and Poisson distributions cut at zero point that in this paper estimated the parameters of the distribution by maximum likelihood method and in order to confirm the calculated estimates, based on random...

[ 951 ] - A Comparison of Thin Plate and Spherical Splines with Multiple Regression

Thin plate and spherical splines are nonparametric methods suitable for spatial data analysis. Thin plate splines acquire efficient practical and high precision solutions in spatial interpolations. Two components in the model fitting is considered: spatial deviations of data and the model roughness. On the other hand, in parametric regression, the relationship between explanatory and response v...

[ 952 ] - Invariant Empirical Bayes Confidence Interval for Mean Vector of Normal Distribution and its Generalization for Exponential Family

Based on a given Bayesian model of multivariate normal with  known variance matrix we will find an empirical Bayes confidence interval for the mean vector components which have normal distribution. We will find this empirical Bayes confidence interval as a conditional form on ancillary statistic. In both cases (i.e.  conditional and unconditional empirical Bayes confidence interval), the empiri...

[ 953 ] - The Zografos–Balakrishnan-log-logistic Distribution

Tthe Zografos–Balakrishnan-log-logistic (ZBLL) distribution is a new distribution of three parameters that has been introduced by Ramos et el. [1], and They presented some properties of the new distribution such as its probability density function, The cumulative distribution function, The  moment generating function, its hazard (failure) rate function, quantiles and moments, Rényi and Shannon ...

[ 954 ] - Estimation of parameter of proportion in Binomial Distribution Using Adjusted Prior Distribution

Historically, various methods were suggested for the estimation of Bernoulli and Binomial distributions parameter. One of the suggested methods is the Bayesian method, which is based on employing prior distribution. Their sound selection on parameter space play a crucial role in reducing posterior Bayesian estimator error. At times, large scale of the parametric changes on parameter space bring...

[ 955 ] - Spatial Correlation Testing for Errors in Panel Data Regression Model

To investigate the spatial error correlation in panel regression models, various statistical hypothesizes and testings have been proposed. This paper, within introduction to spatial panel data regression model, existence of spatial error correlation and random effects is investigated by a joint Lagrange Multiplier test, which simultaneously tests their existence. For this purpose, joint Lagrang...

[ 956 ] - Comparison between Frequentist Test and Bayesian Test to Variance Normal in the Presence of Nuisance Parameter: One-sided and Two-sided Hypothesis

 This article is concerned with the comparison P-value and Bayesian measure for the variance of Normal distribution with mean as nuisance paramete. Firstly, the P-value of null hypothesis is compared with the posterior probability when we used a fixed prior distribution and the sample size increases. In second stage the P-value is compared with the lower bound of posterior probability when the ...

[ 957 ] - Study of Random Biased d-ary Tries Model

Tries are the most popular data structure on strings. We can construct d-ary tries by using strings over an alphabet leading to d-ary tries. Throughout the paper we assume that strings stored in trie are generated by an appropriate memory less source. In this paper, with a special combinatorial approach we extend their analysis for average profiles to d-ary tries. We use this combinatorial appr...

[ 958 ] - Orbital Normal Forms for a family of-zero Singularity

Consider a Dynamical system x'=F(x,µ) such that its linear part has a pair of imaginary eigenvalues and one zero eigenvalue (Hopf zero singularity). Recently, the simplest normal form for this singular system has been obtained by sl(2) Lie algebra theory and the decomposition of space into three invariant subspaces. The normal form of this singular system is divided into three general cases. In...

[ 959 ] - Using operational matrix for numerical solution of fractional differential equations

In this article, we have discussed a new application of modification of hat functions on nonlinear multi-order fractional differential equations. The operational matrix of fractional integration is derived and used to transform the main equation to a system of algebraic equations. The method provides the solution in the form of a rapidly convergent series. Furthermore, error analysis of the pro...

[ 960 ] - Monte Carlo Comparison of Approximate Tolerance Intervals for the Poisson Distribution

The problem of finding  tolerance intervals receives very much attention of researchers and are widely used in various statistical fields, including biometry, economics, reliability analysis and quality control. Tolerance interval is a random interval  that covers a specified  proportion of the population with a specified confidence level. In this paper, we compare approximate tolerance interva...

[ 961 ] - Some Remarks on Commuting Fixed Point Free Automorphisms of Groups

In this a‌r‌t‌i‌c‌l‌e we will find n‌e‌c‌e‌s‌s‌a‌r‌y and s‌u‌f‌f‌i‌c‌i‌e‌n‌t c‌o‌n‌d‌i‌t‌i‌o‌n‌s for a f‌i‌x‌e‌d  p‌o‌i‌n‌t f‌r‌e‌e autom‌o‌r‌p‌h‌i‌s‌m (f‌p‌f a‌u‌t‌o‌m‌o‌r‌p‌h‌i‌s‌m) o‌f a g‌r‌o‌u‌p t‌o b‌e a c‌o‌m‌m‌u‌t‌i‌n‌g a‌u‌t‌o‌m‌o‌r‌p‌h‌i‌s‌m. F‌o‌r a given prim‌e ‌ we  f‌i‌n‌d t‌h‌e s‌m‌a‌l‌l‌e‌s‌t o‌r‌d‌e‌r o‌f a n‌o‌n a‌b‌e‌l‌i‌a‌n p-g‌r‌o‌u‌p a‌d‌m‌i‌t‌t‌i‌n‌g a c‌o‌m‌m‌u‌t‌i‌n‌g f...

[ 962 ] - Analytical Treatment of Volterra Integro-Differential Equations of Fractional Derivatives

In this paper the solution of the Volterra integro-differential equations of fractional order is presented. The proposed method consists in constructing the functional series, sum of which determines the function giving the solution of considered problem. We derive conditions under which the solution series, constructed by the method is convergent. Some examples are presented to verify convergen...

[ 963 ] - Bernoulli Wavelets Method for Solution of Fractional Differential Equations in a Large Interval

In this paper, Bernoulli wavelets are presented for solving (approximately) fractional differential equations in a large interval. Bernoulli wavelets operational matrix of fractional order integration is derived and utilized to reduce the fractional differential equations to system of algebraic equations. Numerical examples are carried out for various types of problems, including fractional Van...

[ 964 ] - Amenability and Weak Amenability of the Semigroup Algebra l^1 (〖 S〗_T )

Let S be a semigroup with a left multiplier  on S. A new product on S is defined by  related to S and  such that S and the new semigroup ST have the same underlying set as S. It is shown that if  is injective then where, is the extension of  on  Also, we show that if  is bijective then is amenable if and only if is so. Moreover, if  S completely regular, then is weakly amenable. 

[ 965 ] - A numerical Algorithm Based on Chebyshev Polynomials for Solving some Inverse Source Problems

In this paper‎, two inverse problems of determining an unknown source term in a parabolic‎ equation are considered‎. ‎First‎, ‎the unknown source term is ‎estimated in the form of a combination of Chebyshev functions‎. ‎Then‎, ‎a numerical algorithm based on Chebyshev polynomials is presented for obtaining the solution of the problem‎. ‎For solving the problem‎, ‎the operational matrices of int...

[ 966 ] - Exponential Stability of Linear Systems with Multiple Time Delays

In this paper, a class of linear systems with multiple time delays is studied. The problem of exponential stability of time-delay systems has been investigated by using Lyapunov functional method. We will convert the system of multiple time delays into a single time delay system and show that if the old system is stable then the new one is so. Then we investigate the stability of converted new ...

[ 967 ] - An inverse problem of identifying the coefficient of semilinear parabolic equation

    In this paper, a variational iteration method (VIM), which is a well-known method for solving nonlinear equations, has been employed to solve an inverse parabolic partial differential equation. Inverse problems in partial differential equations can be used to model many real problems in engineering and other physical sciences. The VIM is to construct correction functional using general Lagr...

[ 968 ] - A modified VIM for solving an inverse heat conduction problem

In this paper, we will use a modified  variational iteration method (MVIM) for solving an inverse heat conduction problem (IHCP). The approximation of the temperature and the heat flux at  are considered. This method is based on the use of Lagrange multipliers for the identification of optimal values of parameters in a functional in Euclidian space. Applying this technique, a rapid convergent s...

[ 969 ] - Bayesian Quantile Regression with Adaptive Elastic Net Penalty for Longitudinal Data

Longitudinal studies include the important parts of epidemiological surveys, clinical trials and social studies. In longitudinal studies, measurement of the responses is conducted repeatedly through time. Often, the main goal is to characterize the change in responses over time and the factors that influence the change. Recently, to analyze this kind of data, quantile regression has been taken ...

[ 970 ] - Nvestigation of a Boundary Layer Problem for Perturbed Cauchy-Riemann Equation with Non-local Boundary Condition

Boundary layer problems (Singular perturbation problems) more have been applied for ordinary differential equations. While this theory for partial differential equations have many applications in several fields of physics and engineering. Because of complexity of limit and boundary behavior of the solutions of partial differential equations these problems considered less than ordinary case. In ...

[ 971 ] - The new generalized inverse Weibull distribution

Failure rate is one of the important concepts in reliability theory. In this paper, we introduce a new distribution function containing four parameters based on inverse Weibull distribution. This new distribution has a more general form of failure rate function. It is able to model five ageing classes of life distributions with appropriate choice of parameter values so that it is displayed decr...

[ 972 ] - The Application of Numerical Analysis Techniques to Pattern Recognition of Helicopters by Area Method

In this paper, a new method to selecting different viewing angles feature vector is introduced to recognition different types of Helicopters. Feature vector 32 components based on characteristics of the shape, Area and a length to describe a binary two-dimensional image was created, shape feature and length feature not only effective but area features effective and were used. New features vecto...

[ 973 ] - Spatial Modeling of Censored Survival Data

An important issue in survival data analysis is the identification of risk factors. Some of these factors are identifiable and explainable by presence of some covariates in the Cox proportional hazard model, while the others are unidentifiable or even immeasurable. Spatial correlation of censored survival data is one of these sources that are rarely considered in the literatures. In this paper,...

[ 974 ] - Introducing a New Lifetime Distribution of Power Series Distribution of the Family Gampertz

In this Paper, We propose a new three-parameter lifetime of Power Series distributions of the Family Gampertz with decreasing, increasing, increasing-decreasing and unimodal Shape failure rate. The distribution is a Compound version of of the Gampertz and Zero-truncated Possion distributions, called the Gampertz-Possion distribution (GPD). The density function, the hazard rate function, a gener...

[ 976 ] - A Stream Cipher Based on Chaotic Permutations

In this paper we introduce a word-based stream cipher consisting of a chaotic part operating as a chaotic permutation and a linear part, both of which designed on a finite field. We will show that this system can operate in both synchronized and self-synchronized modes. More specifically, we show that in the self-synchronized mode the stream cipher has a receiver operating as an unknown input o...

[ 977 ] - A Statistical Study of two Diffusion Processes on Torus and Their Applications

Diffusion Processes such as Brownian motions and Ornstein-Uhlenbeck processes are the classes of stochastic processes that have been investigated by researchers in various disciplines including biological sciences. It is usually assumed that the outcomes of these processes are laid on the Euclidean spaces. However, some data in physical, chemical and biological phenomena indicate that they cann...

[ 978 ] - Stabilization of Nonlinear Control Systems through Using Zobov’s Theorem and Neural Networks

Zobov’s Theorem is one of the theorems which indicate the conditions for the stability of a nonlinear system with specific attraction region. We have applied neural networks to approximate some functions mentioned in Zobov’s theorem in order to find the controller of a nonlinear controlled system whose law in a mathematical manner is difficult to make. Finally, the effectiveness and the applica...

[ 979 ] - The Stability of Non-standard Finite Difference Scheme for Solution of Partial Differential Equations of Fractional Order

Fractional derivatives and integrals are new concepts of derivatives and integrals of arbitrary order. Partial differential equations whose derivatives can be of fractional order are called fractional partial differential equations (FPDEs). Recently, these equations have received special attention due to their high practical applications. In this paper, we survey a rather general case of FPDE t...

[ 980 ] - A Mathematical Analysis of New L-curve to Estimate the Parameters of Regularization in TSVD Method

A new technique to find the optimization parameter in TSVD regularization method is based on a curve which is drawn against the residual norm [5]. Since the TSVD regularization is a method with discrete regularization parameter, then the above-mentioned curve is also discrete. In this paper we present a mathematical analysis of this curve, showing that the curve has L-shaped path very similar t...

[ 981 ] - Bayesian Melding of Deterministic Models and Kriging for Analysis of Spatially Dependent Data

The link between geographic information systems and decision making approach own the invention and development of spatial data melding method. These methods combine different data sets, to achieve better results. In this paper, the Bayesian melding method for combining the measurements and outputs of deterministic models and kriging are considered. Then the ozone data in Tehran city are analyze...

[ 982 ] - Semiparametric Bootstrap Prediction Intervals in time Series

One of the main goals of studying the time series is estimation of prediction interval based on an observed sample path of the process. In recent years, different semiparametric bootstrap methods have been proposed to find the prediction intervals without any assumption of error distribution. In semiparametric bootstrap methods, a linear process is approximated by an autoregressive process. The...

[ 983 ] - Typology of Similar Verses in “Tafsir al-Mizan” Focusing on Shafa’at (Intercession) in Surah al-Baqarah

Among the verses of the holy Quran which are all illumination, some verses are remarkably prominent, enlighten other verses, and closely correspond to other verses. Understanding such verses is only possible by making use of the Quran-through-Quran interpretation method. “Tafsir al-Mizan”, which is one of the most efficient interpretations of the present age, has managed to greatly illuminate t...

[ 984 ] - An Investigation into Ahl al-Aqa'vil in Shiite Narrations

In the early centuries of Islam, various sects were formed on the basis of Muslim differences in ideological and theological issues, especially on the issue of Imamate, and each of these sects adopted their own ideas and practices in justifying their sectarian beliefs and explained and interpreted the concepts related to the principles of religion, including towhid (Unity), nabovvat (Prophet-ho...

[ 985 ] - The Status of Allegory and Symbolic Language in Quranic Stories: A Review and Critique of the Theory of Fantasization

One of the common views in contemporary Quranic research is the dialog on the existence of allegory and symbolic language in the Quran and Quranic stories. Citing such arguments as the common literary style between the Quranic stories and human stories, the use of symbols with specific modes of expression in the Quran and the cases in which the Divine intent is expressed through questions and a...

[ 986 ] - An Analysis of the Theories Dealing with the Authority of the Exterior of the Quran in Usul al-Fiqh

The question of the authority of the exterior of the Quran is among the issues common to usul al-fiqh (the principles of Islamic jurisprudence), tafsir (interpretation) and Quranic sciences. The present article delves into this issue discussing the most prominent theories about it such as the views of Akhbari and Usuli scholars. The critiques of the theory that seeks to refute this authority ar...

[ 987 ] - Explanation of the Methodological Error of Abolfazl Borqaei in Denying Estekhlaf Verse

Estekhlaf verse is the fifty-fifth verse of the holy Surah al-Noor, in which God makes a promise that those believers who carry out good deeds will be the successors of the rule of the righteous, disseminate the true religion and be in peace. This is one of the verses which is interpreted to refer to Imam Mahdi’s (a.s.) movement. Abolfazl Borqaei, having a background in Shiite religion and, of ...

[ 988 ] - The Relation of Happiness and Willingness to Pay Taxes: Are Happier People more Willing to Pay Taxes?

The main source of government revenue in Iran is revenue from crude oil and its products export. In the Sixth Development Plan bill, the government's emphasis on reducing the dependency of the state budget on oil and increasing the tax share to increase the tax revenue sources. The new government's approach to increasing tax revenues is a change in the taxpayers’ willingness to pay taxes in the...

[ 989 ] - The Effect of Tax Incentives on Export of HS Commodity Groups

In many economies, the export promotion is defined as the main paradigm for the economy and tax exemptions is one of the prevailing policies in order to protect infant industries and this policy has been employed in the Iranian economy, too. The paper tries to evaluate the success degree of this policy in the Iranian economy. In this regard, the micro-data in various commodity groups based on H...

[ 990 ] - Investigating the Impact of Tax Revenues (Tax Expenditures) on Iran's Economic Growth

Taxes constitute the main sources of government revenue on one hand and, on the other hand, are one of the most important financial policy tools and can play a key role in economic growth and development. Therefore, it is important to identify tax payment potential as a step towards achieving these revenues. However, part of the tax revenue cannot be collected for legal and illegal reasons. In ...

[ 991 ] - Analysis the Effects of Tax in the Real Estate and Housing Sector and Estimating its Potential Capacity in Iran with Emphasizing on Strategies and Challenges

In designing the tax system in the housing and real estate sector, increasing the efficiency and optimal allocation of resources in the urban area, redistribution of income and wealth, reducing the incentive for speculation and increasing tax revenues of national and local governments should be considered. Accordingly, with the expansion of tax bases and reduction of exemptions, it is possible ...

[ 992 ] - Investigating Value Added Tax Impact on Economic Growth (Case Study of Iran and Other Developing Countries)

Abstract Since economic growth affects many economic indexes such as employment, poverty, distribution of income, health, etc., investigating the factors influencing economic growth is of great importance. This would be even more important in developing countries, which face such problems as poverty, unemployment etc. Considering the fact that the VAT is becoming more popular in developing cou...

[ 993 ] - Estimating VAT Policy and Compliance Gap across the Iran’s Provinces

Abstract This paper aims to propose a method for measuring the value added tax gap decomposed into two main components: compliance and policy gaps. By definition, policy gap is the difference between the potential tax revenue and what can be collected according to tax code. In comparison, the compliance gap is defined as the difference between full compliance with tax code and the actual compl...

[ 994 ] - Fabrication of polymeric microneedle arrays containing Amphotericin-B for transdermal drug delivery

Background and Aim: Drug delivery through the microneedle array has been considered as an easy and non-invasive method in recent years. The purpose of this study was to design and construct an array of biodegradable polymeric microneedles containing Amphotericin-B to introduce this system and its use in the treatment of cutaneous lesions caused by Leishmania major parasite inoculation as a mode...

[ 995 ] - Structural equation modeling in explaining the relationship between personality traits and perceived stress with body image concern in cosmetic surgery applicants

Background and Aim: Cosmetic surgery is one of the last achievements of human being for creation of beauty. The purpose of this study was to explain the relationship between personality traits and perceived stress with body image. Methods: This is a correlation type study relying on structural equation modeling. A total of 350 applicants for cosmetic surgery who referred to surgical centers ...

[ 996 ] - Identification of demodex ectoparasite and its association with facial skin lesions among in women

Background and Aim: Demodex is a common mite and ectoparasite in humans and animals. The existence of Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis in human skin can have a role in some inflammatory skin diseases such as acne, rosacea, and dermatitis. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of Demodex ectoparasite in women and its possible association with skin lesions. Methods: Fifty women wi...

[ 997 ] - The mediating role of difficulties in excitement adjustment on the relationship between attachment styles and psychopathology in female applicants of cosmetic surgery in Kermanshah

Background and Aim: Cosmetic surgery is one of the most common phenomena in recent decades. Due to high prevalence of psychiatric disorders among the cosmetic surgery applicants, it is important to explore the pathways and variables which affect mental health of these people. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mediating role of difficulties in excitement adjustment in the relat...

[ 998 ] - A brief review of psychosocial impact of onychomycosis

Onychomycosis is a common nail disorder. If left untreated, it may cause nail deformity and nail plate dystrophy. Since nails have aesthetic importance, onychomycosis may have some impact on quality of life by causing a change in the appearance of nail and/or nail dystrophy and by interfering with fine activities carried out by hand. The aim of this review is to evaluate the quality of life in ...

[ 999 ] - Letter to editor: Recent advances in management of mycetoma in Iran

Mycetoma usually involves the skin, the subcutaneous tissues and deep structures such as the muscle and bone, but infection can also spread to more distant sites through the blood and lymph. If left untreated, the disease leads to deformity and loss of function, which may be fatal. The disease has a severe medical and socioeconomic impact on individuals, communities and health authorities. Elab...

[ 1000 ] - Identifying Important Factors of Arthroplasty in Patients with Degenerative Knee Osteoarthritis Based on Association Rule Mining Approach

Background and Aim: Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) aims to reduce the pain and improve the quality of life of patients with progressive osteoarthritis. When the indication of patients' disease is established, this type of surgery should be performed as soon as possible because patients' late attendance increases surgical complications. Therefore, identification of factors influencing the choice ...

[ 1001 ] - The Analysis of Physicians' Acquittal according to Current Iranian Laws

Background and Aim: Because of its direct connection with human life, medicine is a sacred profession that has been considered by infallible imams (pbuh) and stories have been told about it from the beginning of Islam. With the increasing progress of technology, the study of the relationship between a patient and his/her doctor and of patients' familiarity with their rights has expanded. Howeve...

[ 1002 ] - Survey on the Contamination Rate of Stagnant Water and Soil to Vermamoeba Vermiformis in Arak Parks, Iran, 2017-2018

Background and Aim: Vermamoeba vermiformis is an opportunistic free living amoeba(FLA) that is ubiquitous in different environmental sources. This Amoeba can cause Amoebic Keratitis(AK) and Granulomatous Amoebic Encephlitis (GAE) in immunocompromised patients. This study was conducted to determine the rate of Vermamoeba vermiformis in stagnant water and soil in Arak. Materials and Methods:  In...

[ 1003 ] - The Impact of Organizational Climate of College and Hospital Libraries of Medical Sciences Universities on Librarians' Job Burnout

Background and Aim: Considering the effect of organizational climate on work motivation, not using the librarians who have a satisfactory feeling about their job can cause irreversible damages to the library. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the effect of organizational climate of college and hospital libraries on the burnout of librarians working there. Materials and Methods: ...

[ 1004 ] - Factor XI Polymorphism and Recurrent Miscarriage in Helal Infertility Center (Rouyesh) Patients

Background and Aim: Recurrent pregnancy loss(RPL) is known as two or three pregnancy losses before 20th week of pregnancy. RPL accounts for 5% of abortions in women and has a devastating effect on the marital status of families. One of the reasons for RPL is hemostatic complications; thus, we studied the correlation between factor XI polymorphism and RPL in patients who referred to Helal Infert...

[ 1005 ] - Use of Gabapentin in Management of Acute Pain After Surgery, Review of Literature

Background and goals: Breast surgery is one of the most common surgical operations performed worldwide as well as in Iran. Acute postoperative pain is managed by different therapeutic modalities in these procedures, and opioid are the most frequently used option; however their adverse consequences imposes restriction of use.  The goal of this article is to review the effects of gabapentin on po...

[ 1006 ] - Evaluation of Pregabalin medicine effect on amount of postoperative pain of impacted wisdom teeth

Abstract Background and aim: Regarding the prevalence of postoperative pain of impacted wisdom tooth and the fact that Pregabalin herbal medicine has been reported to reduce the pain, and to determine the effect of its consumption/ non-consumption on the amount of pain after surgery of Impacted Wisdom Tooth, this study was conducted at 2018 in Department of Oral 7 Maxillofacial surgery, Dentist...

[ 1007 ] - The effect of different surface treatment methods on the color stability of monolithic zirconia

Abstract   Background & aim: There are so many studies about effect of colored drinks and mouthwashes on discoloration of different dental ceramics. However, little is known regarding the effect of colored drinks on discoloration of monolithic zirconia .The purpose of this invitro study  was to evaluate the effect of different surface treament methods on color stability of monolithic zirconia....

[ 1008 ] - The survey of primary education course pattern to prevent from academic failure of dentistry students of Tehran Azad Dentistry University

Abstract BACKGROUND & AIM: According to the commonness of academic Failure and its well-known side- effects .the question that arises is how the primary education course should be to prevent the academic failure. Therefore this study performed on the different position managers of  Tehran Azad dental university to answer to this guest ion in year 2018 Materials and  Methods: This descriptive st...

[ 1009 ] - A survey on the pattern of consumption and oral manifestations of a group of addicts in Tehran in 2017

Abstract: Background and Aim: Drug abuse can have harmful effects on the health of the body, especially oral health. The aim of this study was to investigate the oral manifestations of addicts in four maintenance centers in Tehran in 2017. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, patients' demographic data were recorded in a questionniare, then oral and teeth were  clinically evaluated...

[ 1010 ] - Fake Variables in research

In each journal, the editorial board receives many articles but more than 70% of them are rejected. This happens because there is no real correlation among the variables in these articles or the variables and perceived relations are fake, which means playing with the variables nonexistent in reality. This rejection occurs mainly as a result of the researchers' misinterpretation of the interdisc...

[ 1011 ] - Evaluation of the correlation of faults with karstic springs in the mountain range of Prav Bisotun-Kermanshah

In this research, due to the abundance of tectonic and karstic structures in the Prav Bisotun region, the relation between fault building and karstic springs was evaluated. To do this, we first prepare information layers including the location of the springs, the location of the closed holes, faults, the slope and the elevation floor layer, and then the graph of the grains of the faults is draw...

[ 1012 ] - Geopolitical explanation for foreign policy of Islamic republic of Iran with an emphasis on Geo-economics capabilities

Knowing Country and understanding the capacity of its perimeter and international environment are essential components of the economy that the foreign policy of any country should be on the basis of territorial and social. The country relies on its geopolitical foundations that they are influenced by its geographical location can affect codification foreign policy in the international economy. ...

[ 1013 ] - Explaining geopolitical components affecting the strategic linkages of countries Case Study: Iran and Iraq

 In the current disorderly world, securing benefits and achieving optimal security for countries alone is very difficult and unavoidable. Uniting with other countries and powers is a way to advance national goals and provide benefits, and bring more guarantees for countries to survive, advance, develop and peace. The factors and conditions that lead to the unification of the countries have been...

[ 1014 ] - Effect of active faults in the groundwater level of Shaharchay basin in Urmia

حذف شدیک جمله Identify water resources management and proper application of relevant officials and managers are the main concern. Groundwater as a most important natural resources of Iran needs to planning and management of all aspects. In this regard, a study done of the Shaharchay river basin in the west of the Urmia Lake and the northern structural, sedimentary zone of Sanandaj - Sirjan. The...

[ 1015 ] - Synoptic-Statistical Analysis of Ozone's (O3) Extreme Days in Tehran

Air pollution is one of the most important natural hazards in cities that is one of the priorities of climate research.  In this research, synoptic situation of days polluted by ozone in Tehran have been studied and by environmental to circulation approach and cluster analysis. At first, was formed a matrix in 2417*41. Rows are indicated days and columns represent the number of stations. by clu...

[ 1016 ] - Estimation and Analysis of Caspian Region's Future Rainfalls by Using General Atmospheric Circulation Models.

In recent years, the severe fluctuations in precipitation have affected various parts of the country. On the southern coasts of the Caspian Sea, precipitation as one of the important climatic parameters has undergone changes due to global climate change. In the present study, we tried to evaluate the effect of climate change on rainfall in this region by applying a suitable model. In this study...

[ 1017 ] - Evaluation of Ecological Potential of Ecotourism Development on Extensive and Focused Outing in Shahreza

Therefore, this study was to evaluate the ecological potential of Ecotourism development in order to study extensive and focused outing in Shahreza County. In this respect, the ecological model of tourism development assessment was fitted. At first, data of slope, aspect, soil order, bedrock, vegetation, temperature and sunshine hour parameters were obtained, and the appropriate areas maps, fro...

[ 1020 ] - Assessment the Vulnerability of Infrastructures in Ardabil City in terms of passive defense

At the moment with regard to geopolitical and geostrategic situation of Iran, the existence of countless underground resources and the formation of ideological state, unfortunately, in urban areas of the country, especially in Ardabil ,because of its proximity to the border of northern and northwestern borders with knowledge of this particular situation, economic and infrastructural projects, I...

[ 1021 ] - Site Selection of Landfill with emphasis on Hydrogeomorphological – environmental parameters Shahrood-Bastam watershed

Municipal solid waste (MSW) is the natural result of human activities. If an appropriate management system do not use to this problem, it may lead to environmental pollution and jeopardize the human health. Landfill site selection in urban areas is a critical issue due to its huge impact on the economy, ecology, and the environmental health. Therefore, numerous criteria must be considered and t...

[ 1022 ] - The Effect of Rural Guide Plan on Objective Quality of Life among Rural Communities in Fariman County

The rural guide plan is the most important tool in the management of rural development in Iran. The final purpose of the plan, improvement of life quality and providing a safe and attractive environment to live in rural areas. The aim of this study is to emphasize the characteristics rural guide plans, which include: Improve the quality of housing, street network, land use and access to service...

[ 1023 ] - Investigating the Trend of Changes in some Climatic Elements in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province

In this study, by using the Mann-Kendall nonparametric method and Sen' s Estimator slope test, the trend of some elements including  precipitation, average of maximum and minimum temperature and the  number of snowy days Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province covers part of Zagros and Zardkohe-Bakhtiari highlands, from which three major rivers including Zayandehrud, Dez and Karun originate. in an a...

[ 1024 ] - Analysing the Physical Quality of Reconstructed Residential Environment of Bam City

In developing countries, every year natural hazards causes major losses in urban and rural settlements. In this regard, it is noteworthy that in December 2004 bam earthquake caused widespread damages. With over 9 years passed of this crisis and reconstruction after that, it is important to assess the quality of reconstruction. So, the problem is that how is the physical quality of Bam that reco...

[ 1025 ] -

[ 1026 ] - A New Climate vulnerability Index Sistan and Baluchistan province

The more exposure to Climate change / variability, the more vulnerability and a community with low adaptive capacity and high sensitivity is more vulnerable. Vulnerability reduction depends on adaptation policy and strategies. Designing and assessing these strategies require climate vulnerability (CV) measuring. To produce a new CV index, as a main propose of this study, first: The score of exp...

[ 1027 ] - Spatial dispersion of climatic factors in North and central basin of Iran using statistical models

Understanding weather zoning and knowing homogeneous climate regions are essential for land use and regional planning. The aim of this study was to compare three different geographical climate of Iran, the Caspian coastal, mountainous and arid interior of the provinces of Mazandaran, Semnan, Tehran, Qazvin, Qom, and Markazi. In order to do this study, climatic data of 56 synoptic and climatolog...

[ 1028 ] - Spatial Analysis of Kermanshah province Regional Development by using multi-criteria decision-making models

With the aim of development and reducing regional inequalities, regional planning is one of the most important subiects in developing countries. Regional planning requires the identification of the position of areas relative to each other in terms of their development. The aim of this study is to investigate and assess the level of Kermanshah province in terms of development indicators in order...

[ 1129 ] - Optimization of Online induction Sensor for Ferrous Metals Particles Identification in Engine Oil

Engine oil is one of most important parameters in internal combustion engine that plays effective role in component wear. One of the ways to optimize the performance of the IC engines is online monitoring of wear particle in engine oil. There are different ways to identifying these particles, most of which are offline. Nowadays online oil monitoring sensors are quickly developed. In this study ...

[ 1130 ] - Investigating the effect of nanocoating on friction loss and abrasion in the piston rings

The piston ring which prepares mechanical sealing of a combustion chamber, should have significant abrasion resistance and less friction loss, using appropriate ring coating. The coating widely used is CrN, because of its good abrasion resistance at room temperature. However, it suffers from some shortcomings, such as high abrasion rate at temperatures above 200°C and lack of self-lubricating p...

[ 1131 ] - Simulation of Subcooled Flow Boiling Occurring in Internal Combustion Engine Water Jacket by Numerical Modeling in a Channel with Hot Spot

Boiling heat transfer always has been proposed as a solution for enhancing heat transfer between the fluid and solid surfaces. Subcooled flow boiling is one of the mechanisms that occur in Internal Combustion Engine water jacket in which high amounts of heat is transferred. In this research, it has been tried to simulate subcooled flow boiling in a geometry similar to coolant channel inside the...

[ 1132 ] - Sustainability, Sustainable Livelihoods, Climate Risks, Small Scale -Farming

Farmers frequently cope with risks due to the uncertainty of climatic conditions. Population growth, changes in agricultural policies, environmental regulations and the degradation of natural resources such as soil and water also present farmers with numerous challenges. Although farmers have experience in coping with a certain degree of uncertainty, increased climate variability and changes ma...

[ 1133 ] - Investigating the effects of climate change on the pattern of heat accumulation in apple trees cultivation areas in Iran during the future period

Climate change stand as the most important challenge in the future. Horticulture is one of the most sensitive and vulnerable sectors to the climate change. Climate change and global warming will endanger the production of agricultural products and food security. Because of required longer time to fruit production, fruit trees are heavily susceptible to damage from climate change. The purpose of...

[ 1134 ] - Investigating the Impact of Authors’ Rank in Bibliographic Networks on Expertise Retrieval

Background and Aim: this research investigates the impact of authors’ rank in Bibliographic networks on document-centered model of Expertise Retrieval. Its purpose is to find out what kind of authors’ ranking in bibliographic networks can improve the performance of document-centered model.   Methodology: Current research is an experimental one. To operationalize research goals, a new test colle...

[ 1135 ] - The Effect of Emotional Intelligence on the Critical Thinking of Librarians in the National Library of Iran

Background and Aim: Thinking is an active, purposeful, organized cognitive process which is used to mean the world. Successful thinking will solve the problems that we face with them constantly, make clever decisions, and achieve the goals we determin in our lives. Critical thinking is a process in which we examine our thoughts and opinions, and get a better understanding. Asking, analyzing and...

[ 1136 ] - Data Analysis Methods in Social Networks

Background and Aim. The promising outlook of easy communication incurring minimum cost has caused social networks to face increasing number of active members each day. These members develop and expand international communication through information sharing including personal information. Thus, big data analysis of social networks provides companies, organizations and governments with ample and ...

[ 1137 ] - Identifying and analyzing Business Information behavior of Khouzestan Science & Technology Park Companies

Background and purpose: Business Information is among the important sources for companies, especially for those located in Science and Technology Park which intend to launch a technological business and enter the market. To this end, different aspects of business information behavior of the companies need to be investigated. The aim of this article is to study business information behavior of c...

[ 1138 ] - The Relationship between Information Literacy and Learning Motivation in Undergraduate students

Background and Aim: Information literacy is a key element in the development of an independent and effective learning in higher education in the 21st century. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between information literacy and learning motivation in undergraduate students. In addition, the mean score of information literacy was measured based on educational and demographi...

[ 1139 ] - Impact of academic degree on researchers’ information seeking behavior: Case study of Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute

Background and Aim: Usually, researchers who have different levels of academic degrees, are different in terms of specialized knowledge. Also, academic degree may affect the information seeking behavior of researchers. Therefore, in this study, the difference of information seeking behavior of researchers with different academic degree for “conducting the research” and “updating scientific info...

[ 1140 ] - An Investigation into the Structure of Research Articles and Writing Guidelines in the Iranian Knowledge and Information Science Journals

Background and Aim: The purpose of this research is investigating the structure of research articles in the Iranian knowledge and information science journals (peer reviewed journals). In the next step, the writing guidelines in the scientific journals websites that designed to introduce desired structure of a scientific paper are studied. Methods: The research was survey with analytical approa...

[ 1141 ] - Analysis of the concept of information culture and a survey of its status among faculty members of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Background and Aim: This study aims to explore the concept of information culture, and survey its status among the faculty members of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. Method: This research is applied research that conducted via survey research. Population included faculty members of Ferdowsi university of Mashhad that 250 of them were selected via random sampling. A questionnaire based on (Choo ...

[ 1142 ] - Identifying the Effective factors on Pleasure reading

Background and aim: An important factor to tendency for read and increase per capita reading is enjoy the reading. Pleasure reading has significant impact on the continuity of reading and lifelong readers. This is very important in Iran due low per capita. It must be understood what factors are influencing and creating of Pleasure reading. Therefore, this study aim is, identify the experiences ...

[ 1143 ] - Applicability of BAT Model for Children Information Search Behavior in some Preschools in Tehran

Background and Aim: This study is set to represent information search process in the selected preschool children in Tehran (namely Mahgol and Taranom) and compare the results with BAT model. Methods: This is an Applied and comparative study with qualitative approach based on grounded theory. Research population was preschool children in Tehran from two different regions of city. Sampling was do...

[ 1144 ] - Investigating the Effect of Spatial Proximity on Iran University- Industry Co-publications by using Gravity Model

Background and Aim: Due to the importance of scientific relations between university and industry, it is so important to identify the factors that affect these relations. So,the aim of this study is to investigate the effect of spatial proximity on university- industry collaboration. The collaboration indicator which is used here is University- Industry Co-publications. Methods: The research is...

[ 1145 ] - Knowledge Sharing Behavior Model of Iranian Professionals in experts’ social networks: exploring indexes

Background and Aim: Due to the extensive use of knowledge intelligence, the future of countries depend on the application of specialized knowledge-based social networks. Thus, it is noteworthy to highlight the important role of the professionals. The key indicators of a model for knowledge sharing of Iranian experts, in experts’ social networks has been identified. Methods: For this purpose, ex...

[ 1146 ] - The Study of graduate Students’ Model Measuring Access and Use of Electronic Information

Abstract Background and Aim: Research was carried out as a survey utilizing a researcher made questionnaire. 1149 postgraduate students were selected to fill in the research questionnaire, and 837 questionnaires were sent back. Along with descriptive statistics, independent samples t test was used to examine the difference between groups and Pearson co-efficient  to measure correlations of vari...

[ 1147 ] - Using Digital Right Management technology in IRANDOC ETD System

Background and Aim: Easing the probability of violation of intellectual property rights and unauthorized access of digital resources is one of the most important consequences of  information and communication technologies like Internet. The purpose of this research is to identify the state of Using Digital Right Management technology in IRANDOC ETD system. Method: This research is an applied re...

[ 1148 ] - identify and Documentation of Organizational Knowledge in central libraries of iran state Universities: practical model

Objective: This study aimed to identify the sources of knowledge, the effect of integrated life cycle model of Dalkr organizational knowledge on Knowledge documentation and a model of practical knowledge documentation in state Universities in Iran's central library Methodology: research method is Survey and it is practical. Sample of the study covering  directors, assistants and administrators ...

[ 1149 ] - Place of Internet in Health information seeking behavior: Case of young Internet users in Shiraz

Background and Aim: Nowadays, Internet is known as an attractive source of health information to manage individual's health.  Given the importance of it, this study examined the role of Internet in health information seeking behavior among young people in Shiraz.      Method: This research was a survey which target population were youth Internet users in the city of Shiraz.  A sample of 400 we...

[ 1150 ] - Studying Users’ Emotions Attribution Style in Information Retrieval Based on Weiner’s Emotion Attribution Theory

Background and Aim: This research aimed to study emotions attribution style of users in information retrieval based on Weiner's theory. Methods: The survey method was used in this study. Population consisted of graduate students in humanities at Imam Reza (AS) International University. Sample of 72 students was selected.  Data was collected by attribution style questionnaire (ASQ) and two resea...

[ 1151 ] - Iraqi and Afghan Immigrants Information Needs: Barriers and Effective Factors in Information Seeking Behaviors of Foreigners in Iran

Background and Aim: Contrary to the fact that information must be accessible to all in every society, it is not obtainable for immigrants and refugees. The aim of this study is to find Information needs and the effective factors on information seeking of foreign immigrants in Iran and finding solution and presenting refining Policies. Method: Mixed research method was applied. Participants sele...

[ 1152 ] - Media Literacy and Information Literacy and its Impact on Entrepreneurial Ability

Background and Aim: The aim search was to investigate the relationship between media literacy and information literacy of students of communication and information sciences and knowledge studies, and its impact on their entrepreneurial ability. Methods: This is a survey correlational method. Population consists of postgraduate students in information science and knowledge and communication scie...

[ 1153 ] - Surveying the Iranian Chemists’ Attitude toward Membership in Social Research Networks

Background and Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate factors prompting Iranian chemists’ approach in joining scientific research networks (SSN). The study compares the demographic characteristics, academic status, academic degrees, and scientific productivity of the Iranian members and non-members of the most popular SSNs including Academia, Researcher ID and Research Gate. Method: ...

[ 1154 ] - Examining the Role of Virtual Social Networks in Scientific Exchanges of Librarians at Public Universities in Tehran

Background and Aim: According to the social media development in libraries and necessity of social media literacy for librarians, the aim of this study was to elucidate the viewpoints and experiences of librarians about social media literacy. Also, strategies for increasing librarians' social media literacy was suggested. Method: A qualitative study with University librarians in Sistan district...

[ 1155 ] - Librarians and Social Media Literacy: A Case Study of University Librarians in Sistan District

Background and Aim: According to the social media development in libraries and necessity of social media literacy for librarians, the aim of this study was to elucidate the viewpoints and experiences of librarians about social media literacy. Also, strategies for increasing librarians' social media literacy was suggested. Method: A qualitative study with University librarians in Sistan district...

[ 1156 ] - Comparative Study of Methodological Approach to Models and studies of Information Seeking Behavior of Iranian Researchers

Background and Aim: The aim of this article is to revise the methodological status of some of the most prominent studies and models in the field of Information Seeking Behavior in order to provide Iranian researchers with a brief comparative perception of the field. Method: A literature review approach is applied to identify the research methods and historical origins of each study related to t...

[ 1157 ] - An Investigation of Information Seeking Behavior of Graduate Students of Kharazmi University in Writeing Dissertation

  Background and Aim: These days, Internet and online databases play a significant role in peoples’ information-seeking behavior, especially for postgraduate students. The kind of behavior seen on the part of those students who get help from online databases to write their theses might be completely different from those who search library sources to get the needed information. This study invest...

[ 1158 ] - Personal Information Management Behavior among Postgraduate Students of University of Birjand in Digital Environment

Background and Aim: Personal Information Management (PIM) process consists of four activities; acquisition, organization, maintenance and retrieval. Obviously this process is due to human limitations and expanding scope of personal space of information which has become an exhausting and difficult process. Use of technology and tools related to PIM could facilitate this procedure. This survey st...

[ 1159 ] - Analyzing the Structural and Outward Features and Expected Activities of a Service-Extension Agricultural Website in Iran

Background and Aim: This study aimed to identify and Analyzing the structural and outward features and expected activities of a service-extension agricultural website, based on the views of experts in the field of agriculture and related sciences and webmasters and blogs in Iran. Method: The methodological approach was a descriptive and survey study. The statistical population of the study cons...

[ 1160 ] - Relation between Information Literacy and Health Literacy of Students in Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Background and Aim: This research aims to explore relation between health literacy and information literacy of post-graduate students in Ferdowsi university of Mashhad. Method: This research is descriptive-correlational survey research. Population included post-graduate students of Ferdowsi university of Mashhad that 368 of them were selected via stratified sampling. Two Questionnaires were use...

[ 1161 ] - Information-Seeking Process of Shahid Chamran University Graduate Students and Their Use of Electronic, Print, and Human Information Resources

Background and Aim: This study attempted to investigate the information-seeking process of Shahid Chamran University postgraduate students, and how they use various information sources. The research also investigated he role of demographic characteristics in students' information-seeking process, as well as the problems and barriers they encounter in the process. Method: The population of the s...

[ 1162 ] - A Sociological Definition and Categorization of Information Ethics

Background and Aim: This paper aims at the analysis of the definitions and categorizations of the realm of “Information Ethics” to criticize assumptions and clarify points of departure for introducing a new definition and categorization. Method: I used documentary research method and conceptual analysis approach. This method and approach is the best fits with the goal of pursuit roots of social...

[ 1163 ] - Matching Scores of System Relevance and User-Oriented Relevance in SID, ISC and Google Scholar

Background and Aim: The main aim of Information storage and retrieval systems is keeping and retrieving the related information means providing the related documents with users’ needs or requests. This study aimed to answer this question that how much are the system relevance and User- Oriented relevance are matched in SID, SCI and Google Scholar databases. Method: In this study 15 keywords of ...

[ 1164 ] - The Need for Cognition on Collaborative Information Behavior of MA Students of Psychology and Educational Sciences in Allameh Tabatabai University

Background and Aim: The need for cognition to the extent of involvement of the individual in intellectual activities, to assess individual differences in motivation for information processing, individual differences in the tendency of people to engage in and enjoy effortful thinking and, finally, refers to the processing of sound messages. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect...

[ 1165 ] - The Impact of the Objective Complexity and Product of Work Task on Interactive Information Searching Behavior

Background and Aim: this study aimed to explore the impact of objective complexity and Product of work task on user's interactive information searching behavior. Method: The research population consisted of MSc students of Ferdowsi university of Mashhad enrolled in 2012-13 academic year. In 3 stages of sampling (random stratified, quota, and voluntary sampling), 30 cases were selected. Each of ...

[ 1166 ] - Evaluating the Use of Electronic Personal Information Management Components by Faculty Members

Background and Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the Iranian Personal electronic information management of knowledge and information science and medical Library and Information Sciences faculty members based on the Jones model. Method: This study is kind of application research and in terms of data collection is descriptive and analytical study. The statistical population included faculty...

[ 1167 ] - User’s Interaction with Information through eFront Learning Management System

Background and Aim: In order to comprehension of interactive content and content production standards, and also users interaction with LMSs, and their behavior in dealing with information, the aim of this paper is to examine the users interaction information provided in the eFront application, an open source Learning Management System, by emphasizing SCORM standard. Method: The method that used...

[ 1168 ] - Information seeking in inquiry-based learning pedagogy: Proposing a preliminary model

Background and Aim: This study attempts to propose a suggestive model for theorising in the field of Inquiry-Based Information Behaviour (IBiB). Method: To achieve the research aim, Piaget’s Cognitive Development Theory, Dewey’s Constructivist Theory, as well as IBL Pedagogy were analysed. Taking into account the current information behaviour models and theories which are developed based on th...

[ 1169 ] - Sources of anxiety during information seeking process

Background and Aim: the current study aims to determine factors which may cause negative feeling such as fear, uncertainty and anxiety during information seeking process. Method: In this review paper, different library resources and databases were searched in the areas of library anxiety, Internet anxiety, computer anxiety, information seeking, information searching and information retrieval t...

[ 1170 ] - Identification of the underlying factors affecting information seeking behavior of users interacting with the visual search option in EBSCO: a grounded theory study

Background and Aim: Information seeking is interactive behavior of searcher with information systems and this active interaction occurs in a real environment known as background or context. This study investigated the factors influencing the formation of layers of context and their impact on the interaction of the user with search option dialoge in EBSCO database. Method: Data from 28 semi-stru...

[ 1171 ] - Context-aware systems: concept, functions and applications in digital libraries

Background and Aim Among the places that context-aware systems and services would be very useful, are libraries. The purpose of this study is to achieve a coherent definition of context aware systems and applications, especially in digital libraries. Method: This was a review article that was conducted by using Library method by searching articles and e-books on websites and databases. Results:...

[ 1172 ] - Using Interactive Search Elements in Digital Libraries

Background and Aim: Interaction in a digital library help users locating and accessing information and also assist them in creating knowledge, better perception, problem solving and recognition of dimension of resources. This paper tries to identify and introduce the components and elements that are used in interaction between user and system in search and retrieval of information in digital li...

[ 1173 ] - Effective Triggers and Barriers of Self-archiving Behavior Displayed by Knowledge and Information Sciences’ faculty members in Iran

Background and Aim: The present investigation was carried out in order to study the self-archiving behavior displayed by Knowledge and Information Sciences (KIS) faculty members in Iran. It intended to discover the incentives and barriers impacting on this behavior as well as arriving at a baseline for predicting the extent of self-archiving. Method: A descriptive survey method was deployed. Th...

[ 1174 ] - Collaborative Information Seeking Behavior: Concepts and Theories

Background and Aim: Collaborative information seeking is an interaction among members of a group who purposefully try to access and share joint information. Although collaboration is a key component of information seeking behavior, but most of the studies in this area are focused on individual information seeking behavior and collaborative aspects are considered much less. As a result, there is...

[ 1175 ] - Analyzing Users’ Health Information Needs Based on the Yahoo Answers®

Background and Aim: People refer to virtual information resources for answering their medical questions. One of these resources includes question and answering (Q&A) sites in medicine. This study aims to analyze health  questions posted on the Yahoo Answers to identify health information needs, the motivations for asking questions, evaluation of information user satisfaction resulted from recei...

[ 1176 ] - Performance Evaluation of Medical Image Retrieval Systems Based on a Systematic Review of the Current Literature

Background and Aim: Image, as a kind of information vehicle which can convey a large volume of information, is important especially in medicine field. Existence of different attributes of image features and various search algorithms in medical image retrieval systems and lack of an authority to evaluate the quality of retrieval systems, make a systematic review in medical image retrieval system...

[ 1177 ] - Reflection of Knowledge and Information Science’s News in the Press: A Case Study of Iran Newspaper

Background and Aim: The present study aims to explore the coverage and reflection of Knowledge and Information Science news in the Iranian press. Iran Newspaper which is one of the main public newspapers in the country has been selected as the case for this study. Method: This study used content analysis as its research methodology and adopted an inductive approach in data analysis. All the pag...

[ 1178 ] - Investigating the Extent of Correspondence between the Persian Book Final Indices and ISO 999 and B.S. 3700 Standards: The Case of the Field of Library and Information Sciences

Background and Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent of observing the standards of indexing (ISO 999-1996, BS 3700) of Library and Information Sciences books. Method: The study used descriptive-analytical methodology and the population consisted of all the Persian books, written and translated, in the field of Library and Information Sciences published from 2006 to 2012 w...

[ 1179 ] - Investigating the Relationship between Social Capital and Knowledge Sharing at Iran’s National Information Centers

Background and Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between social capital and knowledge sharing at national information centers in Iran. Method: This applied research was carried out using two questionnaires and a checklist. Data were collected from all the managers, but stratified random sample of staff members of three:  main national information centers (Nation...

[ 1180 ] - The State of Online Social networking among Library and Information Sciences Students

Background and Aim: The present paper discusses results of a study which aimed to explore the knowledge and use of Online social networking by MLIS students in Iran and to explore their perceptions of using that technology for academic and professional purposes, and challenges they face for using them. Method: The research method was explorative and empirical. Data was collected through a web-b...

[ 1181 ] - Investigation on Full-Text Databases Cited in LIS

Background and Aim: The main objective of this research was to investigate the use of full-text databases in the LIS theses of Tehran State Universities within the years 2005 and 2009. Method: For this purpose, the total of 9952 citations related to 172 existing theses in the academic central