عاملی, احمد

دانشگاه علوم اقتصادی

[ 1 ] - تأثیر آموزش مهارت‌های ارتباطی پرستاران بر رضایتمندی بیماران از خدمات پرستاری در بیمارستان های آموزشی دانشگاه علوم پزشکی شیراز

Background: Communication is one of the central concepts and an integral part of the nursing profession. This study aimed to determine the effect of communication skills training of nurses on patient satisfaction with nursing staff services in teaching hospitals affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.   Materials and Methods: The Comparative study carried out in 2017. The researc...

[ 2 ] - تاثیر تدابیر پرستاری برمیزان بروز دلیریوم در بیماران بستری در بخش مراقبتهای ویژه قلبی بیمارستانهای شهر شیراز

چکیده مقدمه و هدف: پذیرش دربخش مراقبتهای ویژه بطوربالقوه یک حادثه استرس زا است که درآن درد و اختلالات فیزیولوژیکی ناشی ازبیماری حاد همراه با اختلالات عاطفی ثانویه، ممکن است منجربه سندرم بخش مراقبتهای ویژه یا دلیریوم گردد. لذا این مطالعه با هدف بررسی تاثیر تدابیر چندبخشی بر میزان بروزدلیریوم دربیماران بستری دربخش مراقبتهای ویژه قلبی انجام شده است. مواد و روش ها: این مطالعه به روش کار آزمایی بالی...

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[ 5 ] - استفاده از کاندوم در افراد مبتلا به عفونت اچ‌آی‌وی و عوامل مؤثر بر آن

  دریافت: 1/7/91 پذیرش: 2/4/92     مقدمه: در حال حاضر ارتباط جنسی محافظت نشده با افراد معتاد تزریقی مبتلا به عفونت اچ‌آی‌وی مهم‌ترین منبع ابتلای زنان به این عفونت و در نتیجه انتقال عمودی آن به فرزندانشان می‌باشد. هدف از این مطالعه تعیین عوامل مؤثر بر استفاده مداوم از کاندوم در افراد مبتلا به عفونت اچ‌آی‌وی مراجعه کننده به مراکز مشاوره بیماری‌های رفتاری دانشگاه‌های علوم پزشکی شهر تهران بود.   رو...

[ 6 ] - تحلیل ریشه‌ای علل یک حادثه ناخواسته در یک بیمارستان شهر مشهد در سال 1390: گزارش موردی

  دریافت: 1/7/91 پذیرش: 2/4/92     مقدمه: خطاهای پزشکی تهدیدی برای سلامت و رفاه بیماران در سیستم‌های بهداشتی و درمانی می‌باشند. با توجه به اهمیت ایمنی بیمار و پیشگیری از وقوع خطاها روش‌های مختلفی برای شناسایی علل آن وجود دارد که یکی از آن‌ها، تحلیل ریشه‌ای علل می‌باشد. این تکنیک یک تحلیل نظام‌مند علت- اثر است که می‌کوشد مشخص سازد چگونه مسایل مرتبط با بیمار، کارکنان، سیاست‌ها، محیط و فرآیندها در...

[ 7 ] - آنالیز 23 کیست کلدوک بالغین: گزارش کوتاه

Background: Choledochal cyst is a congenital disease of hepatobiliary system. Patients with the disease differ in terms of gender and symptoms. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the patients from clinical signs and symptoms, diagnostic methods and treatment perspectives.Methods: In this retrospective study, we evaluated the data from the medical records of patients with choledochal cyst admit...

[ 8 ] - ارتباط پلی‌مورفیسم G/A 971- ژن کلسترول استر ترانسفر پروتیین با الگوی لیپیدی در هیپرلیپیدمی اولیه

Background: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of death worldwide and hypertriglyceridemia and hypercholesterolemia are major risk factors for the disease. Considering the role of hyperlipidemia as the underlying cause of cardiovascular mortalities and morbidities, and the limited and conflicting results of studies on CETP gene polymorphisms in Iran, we aimed to study -971 G/A poly...

[ 9 ] - بررسی اثر حفاظتی چند گیاه دارویی از خانواده نعناعیان بر سمیت القا‌شده توسط پپتید بتاآمیلویید در سلول‌های PC12

Background: Excessive accumulation of beta-amyliod peptide (Aβ), the major component of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD), causes neuronal cell death through induction of oxidative stress. Therefore, antioxidants may be of use in the treatment of AD. The medicinal plants from the Lamiaceae family have been widely used in Iranian traditional medicine. These plants contain compounds with...

[ 10 ] - شیمی‌درمانی نئواجوانت با رژیم اپی‌روبیسین، اگزالی‌پلاتین و کپیستابین در سرطان موضعی ‌پیشرفته‌ی معده: مطالعه دو ساله

Background: Gastric cancer is an important health problem across the world. Chemotherapy in combination with local treatment is the standard treatment for locally advanced gastroesophageal junction (EGJ) cancers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate response and tolerability to neoadjuvant regimen combining epirobicin, oxaliplatin and capecitabin (EOX) in locoregionally advanced gastric ca...

[ 11 ] - مقایسه سطح پلاسمایی روی در افراد سالم و مبتلا به افزایش فشار خون: یک مطالعه در مرکز قلب تهران

Background: There are conflicting reports about zinc, a trace element, in the pathogenesis of hypertension and other cardiovascular diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of zinc in high blood pressure.Methods: We conducted this study on 80 patients with primary (idiopathic) hypertension and 80 normotensive people with similar age who attended to Tehran Heart Center between 20...

[ 12 ] - بررسی شیوع عفونت سل نهفته با تست پوستی توبرکولین در کودکان کم‌تر در معرض خطر شهر شیراز

Background: Tuberculin skin test (TST) is a readily available test for the diagnosis of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI). This study was designed to evaluate LTBI in low-risk children aged 1-15 years.Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in Shiraz, Iran, over six months during 2009. Totally, 1289 boys and girls were selected by stratified multistage random sampling from four mun...

[ 13 ] - بررسی مبتلایان حملات ایسکمیک گذرا از نظر وجود ضایعات حاد مغز در MRI با نمای D‏iffusion Weighted: مطالعه 50 بیمار

Background: Finding an acute brain lesion by diffusion-weighted (DW) MRI upon an episode of transient ischemic attack (TIA) is a predictor of imminent stroke in the near future. Therefore, exploring risk factors associated with lesions in DW-MRI of the brain is important in adopting an approach to TIA management. In the current study, we tried to determine the risk factors associated with lesio...

[ 14 ] - استانداردسازی و اعتباریابی ابزار غربالگری اختلالات تکاملی «پرسش‌نامه سنین و مراحل ASQ» در کودکان تهرانی

Background: The aim of this study was to provide a valid Persian version of the Ages and Stages Questionnaires, in order to compensate the lack of developmental screening tools in Iran.Methods: Forward and backward translation, face and content validity determination, and cultural and linguistic adaptation of the questionnaires were performed, consecutively. Next, a pilot study was carried out ...

[ 15 ] - شیوع پوکی استخوان و عوامل موثر بر آن در زنان یائسه مبتلا به آرتریت روماتویید: گزارش کوتاهشیوع پوکی استخوان و عوامل موثر بر آن در زنان یائسه مبتلا به آرتریت روماتویید: گزارش کوتاه

Background: Low bone mass is a serious health problem mostly seen in postmeno-pausal women with rheumatoid arthritis. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of osteoporosis and some related risk factors in postmenopausal women with rheumatoid arthritis.Methods: The data for this descriptive analytical study was extracted from the medical records of 98 postmenopausal women wit...

[ 16 ] - بررسی سوپرآنتی‌ژن‌ها در بافت پولیپ بیماران مبتلا به رینوسینوزیت مزمن در مقایسه با گروه کنترل: گزارش کوتاه

Background: Staphylococcus aureus secretes numerous superantigenes which trigger the inflammatory mechanisms of sinus mucosa and cause chronic rhino-sinusitis. This study was designed to evaluate the role of staphylococcus aureus superantigens in polyp tissues of patients with chronic rhino-sinusitis in comparison with a control group.Methods: Polyp tissue samples of 28 patients and mucosal spe...

[ 17 ] - سندرم  Gitelman:  گزارش موردی

Background: Gitelman syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that typically presents with recurrent muscle cramps, carpopedal spasms, hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis, hypocalciuria and hypomagnesemia and high urine magnesium during adolescence. Mutation in the gene encoding for sodium chloride co-transporter in distal convoluted tubule causes electrolyte imbalance.Case presentation: We ...

[ 18 ] - مقایسه تاثیر اکسی‌توسین وریدی با میزوپروستول رکتال در مرحله سوم زایمان بعد از القاء سقط طبی در سه ماهه دوم حاملگی

Background: Induction of medical abortion during the second trimester of pregnancy is considered under certain medical conditions. Abortion in the second trimester of pregnancy could be accompanied by several side effects including hemorrhage and placenta retention. Several types of medications including oxytocin, ergots, and prostaglandins are used to control and optimize the third stage of la...

[ 19 ] - تعیین همراهی ویروس ابشتین بار با لنفوم منتشر سلول‌های بزرگ B به روش CISH در بیماران با تشخیص لنفوم

Background: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common type of lymphoma. There are various types of DLBCL including immunoblastic and centroblastic. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a member of Herpes virus family found in all human populations inducing different lymphoproliferative disorders. The role of EBV in the development of DLBCL is known. Multiple laboratory methods are availab...

[ 20 ] - بررسی تاثیر جهت ترومای سر و حجم پیاز بویایی در بیماران آنوسمیک بعد از تروما

Background: Anosmia is a physical sign in post-traumatic patients, which significantly reduces the quality of life. Anosmia occurs in up to 30% of cases with head trauma. In this study we aimed to compare the Olfactory Bulb Volume (OBV) in patients with posttraumatic anosmia in different impact positions and also with healthy individuals to find the relation between the two variables. Methods: ...

[ 21 ] - هورمون ضد مولری به عنوان پیشگوی پاسخ تخمدان در درمان‌های مربوط به لقاح آزمایشگاهی

Background: Anti-Müllerian Hormone (AMH) is secreted from granulosa cells of growing follicles and is a useful marker of ovarian reserve. Fertility in women is determined by the quality and quantity of follicle pool and ovarian follicular reserve positively correlates with AMH. In this study we aimed to determine if AMH can predict ovarian response in IVF treatments.Methods: In this retrospecti...

[ 22 ] - بررسی اثربخشی مصرف سیمواستاتین همراه با فنوفیبرات بر یافته‌های اکوکاردیوگرافی بیماران مبتلا به بیماری عروق کرونر و اختلال چربی خون: گزارش کوتاه

Background: Various therapeutic protocols have been recommended for treating dyslipidemia, particularly in patients with coronary artery disease. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of statin use with or without fenofibrate on echocardiographic findings of patients with coronary artery disease and dyslipidemia.Methods: This clinical trial was conducted on 124 patients with coro...

[ 23 ] - طراحی واکسن مبتنی بر کامپیوتر: گزارش کوتاه

Background: Although the conventional vaccines have been instrumented in the incidence of many infectious diseases, the advances in genetic engineering and bioinformatics have provided the opportunity for developing improved and new vaccines.Methods: Reverse vaccinology was pioneered by a group of researchers investigating development of a vaccine against serogroup B Neisseria meningitidis. Rev...

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[ 28 ] - The Impact of Infertility on Sexual Violence in Women Referring to AL-Zahra Infertility Center in Rasht

Background & objectives: Violence against women is a serious threat to health and human rights. It seem that the level of violence in infertile women to be more than other women. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between infertility and sexual violence in infertile women referred to Alzahra hospital in Rasht. Methods: The analytical-cross sectional study was conducted in 4...

[ 29 ] - Effect of Aerobic Exercises on Memory and Attention in Veterans with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Aims: Cognitive disorders is one of the problems of veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The current study aimed at investigating the effects of aerobic exercises on memory and attention in veterans with PTSD. Materials & Methods: The present semi-experimental study with pre-test post-test design and control group was conducted in 2016 among 21 patients with PTSD, who were refer...

[ 30 ] - Design and Evaluation of a Smartphone-Based Application to Manage the Treatment of People with Heart Failure

Abstract Aims: Patients with heart failure need training and support regarding the drug diet, how to use medications, diet, activities, and appropriate action when symptoms occur. The aim of this study was to design and evaluate a smartphone-based application to manage the treatment of people with heart failure. Materials and Methods: In this developmental-applied study with the software design...

[ 31 ] - Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy and Logotherapy on Marital Satisfaction of Veterans' Spouses

Aims: Marital satisfaction is one of the factors that can affect not only on the life quality of veterans but also on their families and society. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment therapy and logotherapy on marital satisfaction of veterans' spouses. Materials and Methods: In this quasi-experimental research with pretest-posttest design, with...

[ 32 ] - The Effectiveness of Acceptance and Commitment-Based Therapy on Assertiveness of Imposed War Veterans' daughters

Objectives: The consequences of war are profound, complex, and continuous and not only stopped by suffering the survived individuals of war from physical and mental disorders or damages, but also penetrate to their families and caregivers. The objective of the present study is to study the effectiveness of acceptance and commitment based therapy on the assertiveness of imposed war veterans' dau...

[ 33 ] - Correlation between Resilience and Mental Health with Lifestyle and Parenting Styles of Veterans' Spouses A Case Study of Ardakan City

Aim(s): The physical and mental problems that exist among the veterans have the greatest impact on their spouses, which affects the whole family. The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation between lifestyle and parenting style with resiliency and mental health of veterans' spouses. Instruments & Methods: This descriptive-correlational study was carried out on 170 people of ...

[ 34 ] - Effect of Subjective Well-being and Quality of Work Life on Job Commitment of Hospital Staff

Aims: Job commitment is one of the characteristics of a positive relationship between an organization and its employees that makes it effective and conducive the performance of the organization. Regarding the importance of this issue, the present study was conducted with the aim of investigating the effect of subjective well-being and quality of work life on job commitment of staff of Isar Hosp...

[ 35 ] - Effectiveness of Stress Management Training on Reducing Perceived Stress in Veterans with PTSD

Aims: In Iran, a significant group of warriors and veterans suffer from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Efforts have been made to evaluate a variety of psychological treatments. This study aimed at determining the effectiveness of stress management training on reducing perceived stress in veterans with PTSD. Materials and Methods: In this semi-experimental study with pre-test and post-te...

[ 36 ] - Effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on Anxious Thoughts of Wives of Veterans with Amputation

Aims: Amputation is the most disturbing and damaging thing a person may experience in his or her life. The aim of the present research was to investigate the effect of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) on anxious thoughts of wives of veterans with amputation. Materials and Methods: In this experimental study with pre-test post-test design with control group, 28 wives of veterans with am...

[ 37 ] - Effect of Selective Home-Based Exercises on Chronic Low Back Pain in Unilateral Below Knee Amputees

Aims: Different studies have shown different effects of exercise on low back pain. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of selective home-based exercises on chronic low back pain in unilateral below knee amputees. Materials and Methods: In this randomized controlled clinical trial with pretest-posttest design conducted in 2016, 53 unilateral below knee amputees with chronic lo...

[ 38 ] - Prediction of Emotional Empathy in the Wives of Veterans by Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies and Resilience

Aims: After the end of the war and the return of the warriors to the family, due to the stresses of the war and its devastating effect on the people's spirits, the adverse effects of war on the family, especially their wives, continue. The aim of this study was the prediction of emotional empathy by cognitive emotion regulation strategies and resilience in the wives of veterans. Instruments and...

[ 39 ] - Mediating Role of Psychological Security in the Relationship between Optimism and Self-Compassion with Psychological Well-Being in Veterans’ Spouses

Aims: After the end of the war and the return of the warriors to the family, due to the stresses of the war and its devastating effect on the spirit and soul of the veterans, the adverse effects of war on the family, especially the spous, continue.The aim of this study was to investigate the mediating role of psychological security in the relationship between optimism and self-compassion with p...

[ 40 ] - Effect of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Glaucium flavum Crantz on Thyroid Hormones in Alloxan Diabetic Rats

Background: Thyroid dysfunction is one of the controversial complications of diabetes. Given the hypoglycemic properties of Yellow Horne Poppy (YHP), this study was conducted to evaluate the effect of oral administration of aqua-ethanolic extract of YHP and glibenclamide on serum level of T3 and T4 hormones in alloxan diabetic rats compared to healthy rats. Materials and Methods: In this exper...

[ 41 ] - Antibacterial Effect Leaf Extract of Avicennia marina on Standard and Clinical Strains of Acinetobacter baumannii

Background: Acinetobacter baumannii is an opportunistic pathogen and a nosocomial infection agent. Antibiotic resistance in this organism results in serious health problem such as treatment failure and increased mortality. Mangrove plants, especially Avicennia marina, are a potential bioresource for new drugs as they have been used in traditional medicine. This study aimed to investigate antib...

[ 42 ] - Design, Synthesis and Labeling of Tripeptide Derivatives with 99mTc as Hypoxia Imaging Agents

Background: Many diseases, including cancer, ischemia and tumors show degrees of tissue hypoxia.Therefore, it is useful to detect tissue hypoxia with compounds that can penetrate and remain in hypoxic cells in order to diagnose cancer at early stages. Peptides with low molecular weight, susceptible to redox environment, with easier penetration into tissues and low antigenic characteristics are ...

[ 43 ] - Knowledge and Attitude of Clients and Staff of Shohadaye- Khalije-Fars Hospital Towards Decision Making on Organ Donation

Background: Organ transplant is considered the treatment of choice for patients with end-stage organ disorders. This process improves recipient’s longevity and quality of life. However, organ shortage for transplantation has remained an unresolved global issue. One of the primary sources of organ donation is brain-dead bodies. The most important factor that impedes the success of donation is la...

[ 44 ] - Simultaneous Occurrence of Turner Syndrome and Robertsonian Translocation in a Girl with Short Stature: A Case Report

Short stature is an important clinical feature of Turner syndrome (TS). In this report, a girl with short stature suspected to have Turner syndrome underwent cytogenetic analysis, which confirmd Turner syndrome by observing sex chromosomal monosomy using the karyotype test. In addition to Turner syndrome, Robertsonian (ROB) translocation t(13;14) was detected. As recommended by a genetic counse...

[ 45 ] - Evaluating the Recovery Process of Renal Ischemia/Reperfusion Injury in Rats Using Small-Animal SPECT

Background: Renal injuries associated with ischemia/reperfusion are a prevalent clinical phenomenon that can cause the emergence of progressive kidney diseases, eventually leading to chronic kidney injuries. The present study was conducted to evaluate the results obtained from non-invasive imaging using small-animal SPECT and investigate the recovery process in an animal model of renal ischemia...

[ 46 ] - Phytochemical Properties and Inhibitory and Antioxidant Effects of the Decoction, Infusion and Hydro-Alcoholic Extract of Nepeta Race-mosa on α-Amylase and α-Glucosidase

Background: As an important plant belonging to the Nepeta genus, Nepeta racemosa has been reported to be widely used in traditional medicine. The present study was conducted to investigate the phytochemical content and antioxidant and antidiabetic potential of the decoction, infusion and hydro-alcoholic extract of this plant. Materials and Methods: The total phenolic content of the samples was ...

[ 47 ] - Compliance with Glaucoma Therapy with Eye Drops and its Determinants in Glaucoma Pa-tients Presenting to Clinics Affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences

Background: The present study was conducted to investigate medication compliance and its determinants in glaucoma patients presenting to Shahid Motahari Clinic affiliated to Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. The correlation between quality of life and the level of medication compliance was also evaluated in these patients. Materials and Methods: The present descriptive-analyt...

[ 48 ] - Effects of Teaching Ergonomic Principles on Working Status in Dental Students

Background: Dentistry is considered a high-risk profession for developing musculoskeletal disorders, which can be prevented by resorting to ergonomics training. The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of ergonomics training on working status in dental students. Materials and Methods: The present quasi-interventional study was conducted in 2017 on 57 students of a clinic affili...

[ 49 ] - Effects of Quercetin on Improving the Damage Caused by Free Radicals in the Rat Models of Multiple Sclerosis

Background: Medicinal herbs have been used for managing various diseases for many years. Quercetin is a member of flavonoid family with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. This study aimed to investigate the beneficial potential of quercetin in ameliorating experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). Materials and Methods: In this experimental study, EAE was induced in male Wist...

[ 50 ] - Effects of Alcoholic Extract of Portulaca Oleracea on Modulation of Neuropathic and Acute Pain in Rats

Background: Portulaca Oleracea is a medicinal plant with many effects including analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. This study aimed to investigate the effect of alcoholic extract of Portulaca Olerecea on CCI model of neuropathic pain (Bennet & Xie model) and acute thermal pain induced by Tail Flick. Materials and Methods: Adult male Wistar rats weighing 200-250 g were used. Sensitivity...

[ 51 ] - The Effect of Adding Alginate Natural Polymer on the Structure of Polyvinyl Alcohol Biocompatible Nanofibers in Electrospinning Process

Background: Nowadays, in order to preserve the environment and sustainable development, the use of natural and renewable resources is a priority for industries. High performance and specific structure of nano-biocompatible materials has attracted researchers. In this research, alginate polymer, which is generally obtained from marine sources such as algae, was added to polyvinyl alcohol nanofi...

[ 52 ] - Cutaneuous Leishmaniasis Incidence and Annu-al Climatic Variations: A Statistical Analysis, Case Study of Mashhad, Iran

Background Cutaneous Leishmaniasis (CL) is an important infection with a high incidence rate. The spatiotemporal dynamics of this disease is mainly determined by three main components of parasite, reservoir and vector. Climatic factors can significantly affect its incidence through their impact on these components. Materials and Methods: The present study aimed to assess the effects of climat...

[ 53 ] - The Effects of Marine Algae on Osteoporosis

Background: Osteoporosis is a prevalent bone disease caused by an imbalance between bone formation and resorption.  Nutritional factors are involved in the preven­tion of osteoporosis. Several treatments exist for osteoporosis including bisphosphonates, parathyroid hormone, estrogen therapy, and hormone therapy, which have their own side effects. In the quest for an appropriate treatment for os...

[ 54 ] - Folk Medicine and Traditional Medicine in Kamercheh Oliya Village in Torbatejaam

Background: The village of Kamercheh Oliya in the Moosa-abad plain is located in the central part of Torbat-e-jaam city, Khorasan Razavi province. Over the years, its population has migrated to the province’s center and Mashhad for employment and the village now has about 100 inhabitants. The Kamercheh Oliya has kept many of its traditions, customs, and ceremonies because of being far from the ...

[ 55 ] - Comparative Study of Jaundice Treatment in Traditional Medicine of Iran, in Some Areas of South and North

Background: Icterus / Jaundice is a type of gastrointestinal and abdominal disorder that is associated with a change in color and yellowish of the patient's skin and eyes. In terms of traditional Iranian medicine, jaundice is a liver dysfunction and a type of biliary atashi disease, which ancient physicians described as a yellowish or black coloration of the body. The disease is treated among d...

[ 56 ] - Anthropological Analysis of Pir-e patr Healing as Presence in the Ultrastructure Community and Reintegration the Patient's Identity

Background: The “Pir-e patr” ritual is one of the healing ceremonies among Baluchs (Baluchis) of Iran, which is similar to other rituals with elements such as music, spirituality and spiritual hierarchy. In this ritual, the formation of the healing process can be seen in the form of a threshold process with the emergence of an ultra-structured community. The purpose of this research is to ident...

[ 57 ] - The Folk Medicine Culture of Yazd Jews

Background: The current population of the Yazd Jews is the survivors of a very large and ancient congregation of this people in central Iran. The long inhabitancy of this people in Yazd during the history of Islamic Iran, on one hand, and the current small numbers of these people, demonstrates the necessity of a comprehensive ethnography of this population. The present study aims to collect, st...

[ 58 ] - The Effect of Acupressure on Initiation of Labor In Term Pregnancy

Introduction Acupressure is one of the natural methods of labor induction but limited study has been done to evaluate its effectiveness. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of acupressure for the initiation of labor. Methods: A randomized clinical trial was carried out at the Ganjavian hospital Dezful-Iran 2010. Eighty nulliparous women with uncomplicated pregnancy, single...

[ 59 ] - Evaluation of the Histological Method in Quantitative Detection of Unauthorized Tissues (chicken skin and bone) in Reconstructed Kabab Loghme and Kielbasa

Introduction: Nowadays, consumption of meat and meat products have increased throughout the world. Regarding the economic values of meat, unauthorized tissues can be used in producing meat products. This study was conducted to detect unauthorized tissues in raw and processed meat products. Methods: Samples of Kabab loghme (70% meat) and kielbasa (30% and 90 % meat), each containing 5, 10, 15, ...

[ 60 ] - The Effect of Scheduling on Operating Room Utilization at an Affiliated Hospital of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences in Yazd

Introduction: Resource management and efficiency analysis assist the hospitals in controlling the expenses and optimum utilization. Operating room (OR) is a critical department in a hospital and its performance highly affects the financial resources. The current study tried to measure OR utilization at a University Hospital of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences in Yazd. Methods: Th...

[ 61 ] - Fabrication of cu based metal-organic framework / graphene Nanocomposite and study electrochemical performance in supercapacitors

High conductivity and high level of electrolyte availability are the main requirements of active materials used in supercapacitors (SCs) to achieve high electrochemical efficiency. In recent years, metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) have been used as electrode materials for SCs due to their suitability of porosity and high surface area. However, using single-component MOFs in supercapacitors resul...

[ 62 ] - Preparation ZrO2 ceramic coating by electrolytic plasma oxidation and study of the effect of monoclinic/tetragonal phases on the corrosion resistance of the coating

In this paper, zirconium oxide ceramics coating (ZrO2) were produced on Zircaloy-4 alloy using plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO). Sodium silicate and Sodium aluminate based electrolyte was selected in PEO process and the effects of the concentration of Sodium aluminate (0, 2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10 g/L) on the microstructure, phase structure and the behavior of corrosion of formed coatings. In orde...

[ 63 ] - Fabrication and study of color and physical properties for cobalt silicate-titanite ceramic pigment by sol-gel method

Cobalt-based blue ceramic pigments are widely used in ceramic industries due to characteristics such as temperature stability, chemical stability and high resistance to these coatings. In this research, the blue silicate - titanate cobalt ceramic pigment is synthesized by sol-gel method and the dispersed pigments were printed on the ceramic by silk screen printing method in the industrial produ...

[ 64 ] - Effects of some physico-chemical parameters of water and substrate sediments on abundance and biomass of Streblospio gynobranchiata (Annelida, Spionidae) in the Southeast of Caspian Sea (Goharbaran)

This study was carried out in line with the Caspian Sea water transportation program to the central plateau on the Southeast shores of the Caspian Sea (Goharbaran region) since 2013-2014. Sampling was performed monthly and there were 8 stations at depths of 5, 10 and 15 meters in 2 transects. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between some physico-chemical parameters...

[ 65 ] - Transformation and gene expression study of recombinant fish GnRH in E. coli BL21 in order to produce recombinant hormone

Gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) is a neuropeptide known to regulate reproduction in vertebrates. Different analogues of synthetic GnRH are used to induce final sexual maturation in fish breeders. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the expression of recombinant GnRH (rGnRH) in Escherichia coli BL21 to produce recombinant hormone. In the present research, the sequence of DNA relat...

[ 66 ] - The case study of Ceratium hirundinella as a sign of an environment changes in the center of Iranian coasts of Caspian Sea (Farah Abad-2018)

Ceratium hirundinella is considered as a biological indicator in the environmental and climate changes. In the summer of 2018, the presence of Ceratium hirundinella reported in the Iranian region of the Caspian Sea. So the present study conducted to survey trend of Ceratium hirundinella fluctuations in the Iranian basin of the Caspian Sea during the last 3 decay. The study showed that in the wi...

[ 67 ] - The Relationship between Breastfeeding and Dietary Patterns of Children Aged 7 to 10 Years

Background and Objectives: Evidence suggests that children's dietary preferences may be related to the type of feeding in the first year of life. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between breastfeeding and dietary patterns in children aged 7 to 10 years.  Materials & Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in 388 children (aged 7-10 years), who were recruited ...

[ 68 ] - The Effect of 12 Weeks of Aerobic Training with or without Dietary Restriction on the Expression Levels of SIRT3, PGC1-α and SOD2 of Soleusmuscle in Male Rats

Background and Objectives: Background and Objectives: Recently, synergistic effect of dietary restriction (DR) on the exercise induced adaptations has attracted the attention of researchers. The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of 12 weeks of dietary restriction with or without aerobic training on the gene expression or mRNA of SIRT3, PGC1-α and SOD2 proteins of soleusmuscle tiss...

[ 69 ] - Qualitative Variations of Macrobrachium nipponense Tiny Shrimp from Bandar Anzali International Lagoon by Three Dryers during Six Months Storage

Background and Objectives: With recent declines in aquaculture resources, the use of new protein sources has expanded; as a result, it is necessary to use tiny shrimp of Anzali International Lagoon  for its high nutritional value.  Materials & Methods: Macrobrachium nipponense non-native shrimp, after catching and washing with cold water, was dried in cabinet, oven and under vacuum dryers at 7...

[ 70 ] - The Effect of Aerobic Training and Adenosine on the Expression of SREBP-1C and A1 Receptor in Hepatic Fat-fed Rats

Background and Objectives: Few studies have examined so far the effect of adenosine receptors’ injection and its downstream pathway on the liver’s fat metabolism. The aim of this study was to investigate the type of aerobic exercise and adenosine on the expression of sterol regulatory binding protein 1c SREBP-1c and the adenosine receptor A1 in the liver in the rats fed with high-fat foods. Mat...

[ 71 ] - Investigation on the Adding Effect of Subcritical Water Extracts from Pistachio Hull for Increasing the Stability of Soybean Oil

Background and Objectives: Nowadays given to the fact that a large volume of agricultural waste is produced annually in different parts of industry and agriculture and most of these wastes are abandoned or burned without any change in nature, the need to use and find the application of agricultural waste has become particularly important.  Materials and Methods: One of the agricultural product...

[ 72 ] - Production of Cereal- based Probiotic Beverage Optimized by Response Surface Methodology and Investigation of Its Properties

Background and Objectives: In general, most probiotic products are dairy-based and a few efforts have been made to develop probiotic products using other substrates such as cereal grains. Rice can be used as a basis for the production of many functional foods. However, rice in Iran is mostly consumed as plate food rather than in the formulation of relevant functional foods. In this study, the r...

[ 73 ] - Effect of planting pattern and fertilizer source on plant characteristics of linseed (Linum usitatissimum L.) and chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in intercroppung

To study the effect of fertilizer and planting pattern on chickpea and linseed plant traits in dryland farming, a field experiment was conducted in factorial layout based on randomized complete block design with three replications in Naqadeh, Iran during growing season of 2016-2017. Treatments were included six substitutive cropping patterns; sole cropping of chickpea, sole cropping of linseed,...

[ 74 ] - Assessment of phyllochron and leaf development indices of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) cultivars in southern Khuzestan climatic conditions

Identify the indices of leaf growth and development and study of phyllochron in commercial cultivars of sugarcane with the aim of better management of agricultural practices is very important. A field experiment was conducted in Amir Kabir Agroindustry in the south of Khuzestan, Iran in 2015-16 in randomized complete block design with three replications. The sugarcane cultivars included; CP69-1...

[ 75 ] - Evaluation of genes effect and combining ability in selected maize (Zea mays L.) lines

To evaluate radiation use efficiency and weed control, this experiment was conducted in two locations in Ahwaz, Iran, in a randomized complete block design with 14 treatments and four replications in 2016-2017. Treatments included: Sole sugarcane, Sole soybean, Sole cowpea, Sole soybean+rhizobium, Sole cowpea+rhizobium, Sole sugarcane+mycorrhizal, Intercropping sugarcane with cowpea, Intercropp...

[ 76 ] - Effect of nitrogen supplying sources on nitrogen use efficiency in rice (Oryza sativa L. cv. Shiroudi)

The use of nitrogen fertilizer has a key role in enhancing agricultural productivity worldwide. In order to achieve an effective approach to enhance nitrogen use efficiency in rice, a field experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with three replications and 13 treatments on Shiroudi, a high yielding rice cultivar in Rice Research Institute of Iran (Amol) in 2015 and 2016....

[ 77 ] - The Effect of Preservative Solutions Containing Benzyl Adenine and Salicylic Acid on the Vase Life of Lily cv. Fangio

The current study was conducted to investigate the effect of 24-hour short treatment of benzyl adenine (zero and 0.1 mM) and salicylic acid (zero, 0.001, 0.01, 0.1 and 1.0 mM) on the vase life of Lily cv. Fangio. The measured traits were leaf fresh weight (on zero, first, third, and seventh days), the contents of anthocyanin, flavonoids, carotenoids, chlorophylls a, b and total (on zero and sev...

[ 78 ] - Mutation Induction and Creation of Variation in Strawberry, Kurdistan Cultivar, by Gamma Irradiation and Determination of Suitable Irradiation Dosage

Genetic diversity in strawberry is low due to its asexual propagation. One method of increasing genetic diversity, as an important tool in plant breeding, is the use of gamma rays to induce mutation. In order to determine the appropriate dosage of gamma irradiation for genetic diversity creation by mutation in strawberry, Kurdistan cultivar, and to study the influence of various doses of gamma ...

[ 79 ] - Effect of Different Growing Media and Super Absorbent on Vegetative and Reproductive Growth of Bell Pepper under Salinity Stress Conditions

The use of suitable substrate for vegetable production may reduce losses in production caused by salinity. In order to determine suitable substrate for bell pepper cv. 'California Wonder' under salinity stress conditions, a factorial experiment based on completely randomized design with 4 replications was performed. The experiment consisted of three factors of substrate (coconut fibre, 50% fine...

[ 80 ] - Determination of Economic Value of Agricultural Water in Greenhouse Cultivation of Qazvin Plain

Water valuation is one of the most important economic instruments for managing the increasing demand for water in agriculture. Hence, the main objective of this study is to estimate the economic value of water in greenhouse cultivation in Qazvin plain. To achieve the desired goals, the Positive Mathematical Programming (PMP) was used. In this research, the economic value of agricultural water w...

[ 81 ] - Biocontrol strategy, Compost, Soil-borne pathogens management

The effect of different compost-soil ratios on the incidence of Pythium aphanidermatum causing tomato damping off was tested in a greenhouse experiment. The inoculum density of 5% was determined to be suitable for inoculation in compost experiments based on investigations of disease incidence with 5, 10 and 20% inoculum densities. To evaluate the effect of compost on incidence of tomato damping...

[ 82 ] - The Effect of Different Concentrations of Potassium and Calcium of Nutrient Solution on Growth and Flowering of Lisianthus (Eustoma Grandiflorum (Raf.) Shiann

To investigate the effects of nutrient-solution concentrations of potassium (K) and calcium (Ca), as well as different ratios of K/Ca, on growth and flowering of lisianthus (Eustoma grandiflorum) under soilless culture conditions, a factorial experiment was conducted with two factors including two K levels (300 and 400 mg/L) and three Ca levels (80, 100 and 160 mg/L). Results showed that K= 400...

[ 83 ] - Effect of Seed Priming by Salicylic Acid and Paclobutrazol on some Agronomical and Physiological Traits of Parsley (Petroselinum Sativum Mill.) under Drought Stress

In order to investigate the effects of seed priming by salicylic acid (SA) and Paclobutrazol (Pa) on parsley, as a medicinal plant, under drought stress, a factorial experiment, based on completely randomized design with four replications, was performed at the Research Greenhouse and Laboratory of Department of Horticulture, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili. Experimental treatments included fiv...

[ 84 ] - Effect of Foliar Application of Silica on some Growth, Biochemical and Reproductive Characteristics and Leaf Elements of Chrysanthemum (Dendranthema×Grandiflorum cv. Fellbacher Wein)

This research was aimed at investigating the effects of foliar application of calcium silicate and sodium silicate on growth and biochemical characteristics and leaf elements of chrysanthemum. This study was conducted as a factorial with completely randomized design and silica source at two levels (calcium silicate and sodium silicate) and concentration of silica at five levels (0 (control), 50...

[ 85 ] - Evaluation of Population Density and the Impact of Aphid (Macrosiphoniella Sanborni) on Morpho-Physiological Traits of Different Chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum Morifolium) Cultivars

Chrysanthemum aphid (Macrosiphoniella sanborni) is one of the most important pests of chrysanthemum (Chrysanthemum morifolium); while there is little information about the interaction of chrysanthemum and chrysanthemum aphid. In the present study, interaction of different chrysanthemum cultivars and aphid populations was assessed through evaluation of morpho-physiological traits. For this purpo...

[ 86 ] - Economic Evaluation of Artificial Lighting in Vegetable Greenhouses (Case Study: Cucumber Production in Hamadan Province)

Sunlight, as a natural resource, is an important factor in agriculture, which is supplied indefinitely and without any charge by the sun. But some phenomena such as cloudy weather or shortening the length of the day throughout the year, cause restrictions on access to this important source. This is very important for cultivation in controlled environments such as greenhouses, which usually prod...

[ 87 ] - Effect of Light Combination and Timing of Supplemental Lighting on Vegetative Traits and Flowering Time of Petunia (Petunia × hybrida)

The aim of this study was to examine how timing of supplemental lighting and different light combinations affect the vegetative and reproductive responses of petunia (Petunia × hybrida Super cascade Blue). This experiment was designed as a factorial based on a randomized complete blocks design with three replications. After being in the greenhouse for 12 hours, the plants received supplemental ...

[ 88 ] - Evaluation of Biochemical and Physiological Responses of Seven Olive Cultivars in Relation to Freezing Tolerance

Abstract: Temperature is one of the most important factors limiting the production and distribution of olive. Different olive cultivars show diverse responses to low temperature and so, the selection of cold tolerant cultivars is the most effective method to avoid frost damages. The main purpose of this study was to compare freezing tolerance of seven olive cultivars and to investigate the rel...

[ 89 ] - Effect of silicon nutrition on growth, physiology and biochemical of dill (Anethum graveolens L) under Pb stress conditions.

Silicon is one of the beneficial elements for plants, recent studies have shown that this element plays a very important role in plant resistance to environmental stresses, including heavy metal stress. To evaluate the effect of silicon foliar spraying on increasing tolerance to lead contamination in dill (Anethum graveolens L) a factorial experiment based on completely randomized design with f...

[ 90 ] - Effect of Methyl Jasmonate on some Biochemical and Physiological Parameters of Coriandrum sativum L. under Salinity Stress

An experiment was conducted to study the effect of methyl jasmonate (MJ) on salinity stress alleviation of coriander plantlet. The experiment was set up as factorial experiment in completely randomized design with two factors including NaCl concentration (0, 3 and 6 ds/m) and MJ at three levels (0, 0.25 or 0.5 mM). The results showed that salt stress decreased fresh and dry weight of aerial, co...

[ 91 ] - Identification and evaluation of HvPIP1; 4 and HvnsLTP genes expression for drought tolerance in barley

It is of great significance to understand the tolerance mechanisms by which plants deal with drought stress and application of these mechanisms for improvement of genotypes in response to drought stress. In order to identify and investigate the expression of genes involved in tolerance to drought stress, leaf and root EST were analyzed in Spontaneum (wild barley) and Nimruz (tolernt to drought ...

[ 92 ] - Effect of salicylic acid Effect of application of salicylic acid and potassium silicate on some morphological, physiological and biochemical traits in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) grown under salt stress

Water and soil salinity on environmental agents limit plant growth and its productivity in Iran. In order to reduce the adverse effects of salinity on plants, different compounds are used. In this study, the effects of salicylic acid and potassium silicate were investigated on wheat plants under salt stress. A factorial experiment in a randomized complete block was conducted by applying 100 mM ...

[ 93 ] - Effect of plant growth regulators, fruit thinning, boron and calcium on growth indexs and seed yield of watermelon nuts

Watermelon nuts is widely cultivated in Khorasan Razavi for its edible seed production. Two experiments were therefore, conducted to increase seed production in Bahonar University of Kerman Research Station in 2013 and 2014. In first year, the effects of gibberellic acid (0 and 50 mg/l) and fruit number (1, 2 and 3 fruits /plant) were studied in 4 populations. In second year, the effects of 24-...

[ 94 ] - The effect of methyl jasmonate on antioxidant enzymes and improving the resistance of Cucurbita pepo in low temperature

Early sowing in spring season is important for the use of mild conditions as well as proper vegetative growth, but the occurrence of low temperatures at the beginning of the growing season may cause the problem for plant establishment. In order to investigate the effect of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) on antioxidant enzymes and improving the resistance of pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) to low temperature ...

[ 95 ] - Activities of fructan- metabolizing enzymes in barley stems subjected to terminal drought stress

Barley crop grown in semiarid areas may experience water deficit especially during grain filling that makes them more dependent on stem water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC). Fructans are the most important reserved carbohydrates. A pot experiment was undertaken at Shahid Chamran university in the duration of 2010-2011 growing seasons to investigate the accumulation and loss of WSC and the activity...

[ 96 ] - Depression and the affecting factors in patients with β Thalassemia Major having referred to Saravan city thalassemia center in 2017

Abstract Background and Objectives The chronic nature of thalassemia affects different aspects of patients' life and increases depression.The goal of the study was to determine depression and the affecting factors in patients with thalassemia major reffered to Saravan thalassemia center.   Materials and Methods The population of this descriptive analytic study consisted of 60 thalassemic pat...

[ 97 ] - The prevalence of undesired blood group antibodies in Imam Khomeini Hospital Complex patients

Abstract Background and Objectives There are many antibodies and antigens that cause blood group related transfusion reactions. In this study we aim to find the prevalence of blood group antibodies in patients at different ages and with different gender.   Materials and Methods In this descriptive study, we screened 30659 patients (59% female and 41% male, age range 1-85) referring to differ...

[ 98 ] - Evaluation of platelet antigens and antibodies in patients with platelet refractoriness

Abstract Background and Objectives Immune platelet refractoriness is a complication of blood transfusion in patients with multiple platelet transfusions. Antibodies against surface antigens, including human platelet antigens (HPAs) and human leukocyte antigens (HLAs), can be produced which can cause the degradation of transfused platelets by macrophages. In this study, the frequency of platele...

[ 99 ] - Evaluation of human platelet gel effect on production process and expression level of VEGF in experimental skin wounds in rat

Abstract Background and Objectives Platelet gel prepared from platelet-rich plasma, containing growth factors, accelerates reconstruction of skin layers, stimulation of angiogenesis and increase of collagen synthesis in wounds healing process. In this study, the effect of human platelet gel on was investigated VEGF expression in experimental skin wounds in rat.   Materials and Methods In thi...

[ 100 ] - Determination of the Effect of Autologous Platelet Gel on Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Wounds Healing

Abstract Background and Objectives Platelet Gel (PG) is rich in growth factors with healing properties and is used in most surgeries to treat various types of tissue defects. In this study, the effect of autologous platelet gel (APG) was evaluated on healing of cutaneous leishmaniasis wounds.   Materials and Methods This randomized clinical trial was done on 15 patients with cutaneous leishm...

[ 101 ] - Heparin induced thrombocytopenia

Abstract Background and Objectives Heparin is still a commonly used anticoagulant in prophylaxis and treatment of thromboembolic events. Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is a life-threating adverse drug reaction of heparin. The diagnosis of HIT is made based on two important criteria, firstly clinical evaluation and secondly laboratory testing. In this comprehensive review, the authors w...

[ 102 ] - A Review of Mitochondrial Biogenesis and Cellular Response

Abstract Background and Objectives Mitochondrial biogenesis is a complex process involving the coordinated expression of mitochondrial and nuclear genes, the import of the products of the latter into the organelle and turnover of this process. Mitochondrial malfunction or defects in any of the many pathways involved in mitochondrial biogenesis can lead to degenerative diseases and possibly pla...

[ 103 ] - A Comprehensive Overview on Valuable Tropane Alkaloids: Scopolamine, Atropine, and Hyoscyamine

Tropane alkaloids such as scopolamine (C17H21NO4), atropine (C17H23NO3) and hyoscyamine (C17H23NO3) are the most important plant secondary metabolites in the pharmaceutical industry due to anticholinergic activity, competition with muscarinic receptors and also treating different human diseases. Scopolamine, hyoscyamine and atropine are the most important tropane alkaloids used as anticoagulant...

[ 104 ] - Study the Scientific Productions of the Faculty Members of Traditional Medicine at Universities of Medical Science in Iran Medical in the Scopus Citation Database (2005-2015)

Background: One of the most important aspects of research is the evaluation of scientific production, and this is important in traditional medicine due to its specific application in the treatment of diseases today. Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the scientific products of faculty members of Traditional Medicine in Iranian Medical Sciences Universities indexed in Scopus Ci...

[ 105 ] - Evaluation of Growth, Yield Characteristics and Oil Components of Two Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) Varieties in Different Planting Dates

Background: Chia (Salvia hispanica L.) is an herbaceous annual plant of the Lamiaceae family. Chia seeds are rich source of omega-3 fatty acids (a-linoleic acid), proteins, soluble and insoluble fibers, vitamins, minerals and natural antioxidants. Objective: Study of growth, development, yield and oil quality of white and black Chia seeds in different planting dates. Methods: In order to st...

[ 106 ] - Tyrosinase Inhibition, Antioxidant Activity and GC-MS Analysis of the Hexane Extracts of the Aerial Parts of Astragalus vegetus Bungi. and Gundelia turnifortii L.

Background: The enzyme tyrosinase is a copper-containing polyphenol oxidase, which is involved in melanogenesis. It catalyzes the conversion of tyrosine to melanin pigments in mammals. Tyrosinase plays an important role in enzymatic browning, which causes discoloration and loss economic value of many plant food products. This enzyme is widely distributed in fungi, higher plants and animals. Ob...

[ 107 ] - The Synergic Effect of Artemisia Dracunculus (Tarragon) Extract and Aspirin (ASA) on Platelet Function

Background: Coagulation activity of platelets plays an important role in thrombosis formation, Atherosclerotic plaque establishment and cardiovascular disorders. ASA are using as an anti platelet activity drug for patients with Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Using of plant extraction as a complementary medicine for these patients (CAD) is mostly recommended by traditional medicine specialist. ...

[ 108 ] - Persian Thyme (Thymus persicus): A Plant Containing Active Metabolites with Antioxidant, Anti-diabetic and Anti-Alzheimer Effects

Background: Thymus persicus is one of the Iranian endemic medicinal plants, that its decoction and various products have plenty of food and pharmaceutical uses. Objective: Evaluation of T. persicus products metabolite contains and determination of the best antioxidant, anti-diabetic and anti-Alzheimer extract. Methods: Samples total phenolic, flavonoid and tannin contents were determined by F...

[ 109 ] - Epidemiological Survey of Poisoning by Plants and Mushrooms in Loghman–e- Hakim Hospital of Tehran, Iran, 2007 – 2013

Background: Because in today's societies, not only the nutritional role of plants and fungi is very high, but also the main basis of many drugs are plants and plant products, therefore one of the problems of clinical toxicologists is the toxicity of these products. Objective: This study aimed to define the prevalence, symptoms, complications, effective treatments, type of substance use, the c...

[ 110 ] - Antidepressant Effect of Cinnamon (Cinnamomum zeylanicum L.) Water Extract (CWE) Evaluated by Forced Swimming Test in Mice

Background: Few studies have been done considering the effectiveness of aqueous extract of cinnamon in neurological diseases. In previous studies, reducing the pain of hydro-alcoholic cinnamon extract in the second phase (chronic) of the formalin test and reduction of inflammation in animal models as well as in humans following cinnamon administration have been emphasized. There are also studie...

[ 111 ] - The Effect of Aromatherapy with Lavender Essence on Depression and Headache Disability in Migraine Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Background: Disability due to headache in migraine and being chronic of it can lead to sadness and depression. Objective: This study was aimed to determine the effect of lavender aromatherapy on depression and headache disability. Methods: This clinical trial study was conducted on 60 migraine patients referred to Toba Clinic of Sari (Mazandaran, Iran) during 2016-2017. Patients in the experi...

[ 112 ] - Optimization of Thebaine Production using Adventitious Roots of Papaver bracteatum Lindle. by Alteration of Aeration Volume and Temperature in Bioreactor

Background: Nowadays, the optimization of the culture conditions in bioreactors is considered as an approach to produce secondary metabolites such as thebaine. Thebaine is the dominant alkaloid in Iranian poppy that is used as a precursor for the synthesis of analgesic compounds. Objective: Optimization of culture conditions of Papaver bracteatum adventitious roots in bioreactor for the scale...

[ 113 ] - The Effect of Aqueous Extract of Inocutis levis on Liver Histopathology and Hypertriglyceridemia in High Sucrose-fed Wistar Rats

Background: Diets rich in simple carbohydrates can induce obesity and metabolic syndrome. Objectives: In this study we investigated the effect of aqueous extract of Inocutis levis on the levels of serum lipids and liver tissue in high sucrose fed (HSF) rats. Methods: Thirty two male wistar rats were divided into 4 groups: 1- control, 2- a group that were fed with high sucrose solution for 12...

[ 114 ] - The molecular genetics of neurofibromatosis type 1 and its future prospective

Abstract   Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is an autosomal dominant tumor predisposition syndrome that is caused through loss of function mutations of a tumor suppressor gene termed neurofibromin 1. Therapeutic decisions are presently restricted for NF1-associated tumors, where treatment is often restricted to thorough surgical resection with perfect margins. In this review article, the multif...

[ 115 ] - Chemoprotective effect of Fumaria parviflora L. extract against vincristine induced hepatotoxicity in male rats

Background: Hepatoprotective effects of Fumaria parviflora have been approved in pharmaceutical and chemical toxicity models. Given the importance of the vincristine- induced hepatotoxicity during chemotherapy, the aim of this study was to investigate the potential hepatoprotective effects of F. parviflora extract on vincristine induced toxicity in adult male rats. Materials and methods: In thi...

[ 116 ] - The effect of antibacterial synergism of silver nanoparticles with extract of Urtica dioica and Allium hirtifolum against multidrug resistant klebsiella (MDR) isolated from ICU patients

Background: Because most bacteria responsible for hospital infections are resistant to common antibiotics, the tendency to produce effective and nontoxic anti-microbial drugs have increased. Therefore, it is attempted to substitute antibiotics with natural products, such as nanoparticles and plant extracts. The aim of this study was to investigate the synergistic antibacterial effects of silver...

[ 117 ] - Detection of IL-10 gene polymorphisms in patients with ulcerative colitis in Northern Iran

Background: Ulcerative colitis is a multifactorial disease in which the environmental and genetics factor are being involved together. Interleukins are a group of cytokine which are produced through T cells, monocytes, macrophages, and endothelial cells. Interleukin-10 is an important multitasking cytokine that has a key role in inflammatory responses. The promoter of interlekin-10 is highly po...

[ 118 ] - Association between HBe-Ag and HBV-DNA level in HBsAg positive chronic carriers

Background: Viral hepatitis is one of common infectious diseases and known as health problem around the world. Present cross-sectional study was performed to determine the association between HBeAg and HBV-DNA in patients who referred to Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine and Amiralmomenin Hospital (Islamic Azad University) between 2012 and 2015. Materials and methods: In this cross-s...

[ 119 ] - The investigation of miR-499 in apoptosis of cardiomyocytes in blood serum of MI patients

Background: Ischemic heart diseases (IHD) cause most deaths worldwide in a way that they are the cause of more than 30 percent of the deaths. After the discovery of miRNA in 1990 and the discovery of more than 2500 types of miRNA, gradually the importance of these mechanism regulators and molecular signals and gene routes were identified in the processes and the cellular mechanisms, especially ...

[ 120 ] - Evaluation of antibiotic resistance associated with ophthalmic oqxAB pumps in Klebsiella pneumoniae causing urinary tract infection

Background: The urinary tract infection is the secondary most common human infection. Colon bacteria, including Klebsiella pneumonia, are the main cause of urinary tract infections. The occurrence of the antibiotic resistance is a major problem in the treatment of infections. Beta- lactamases and efflux pumps constitute the major defense mechanisms of antibiotic resistance of Klebsiella pneumon...

[ 121 ] - Effectiveness of computerized motion-based cognitive rehabilitation on improvement of working memory of children with ADHD

Background: Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder. Deficit of executive functions is the main feature of ADHD which has negative outcomes on the affected children. The purpose of the current study was to determine the effectiveness of computerized motion-based cognitive rehabilitation on improvement of executive function, and working memory of chil...

[ 127 ] - Evaluation of the effect of drought stress and silica spraying on some physiological characteristics of canola cultivars

In order to investigate the effects of drought stress and silica spraying on some physiological characteristics of canola, an experiment was conducted in the research farm of Behbahan University in 2016-2017. In the present study, the effect of concentrations of 0 (S0) and 30 (S1) mM potassium silicate under normal irrigation conditions (irrigation after %25 of available water discharges) and d...

[ 128 ] - Recovery of deteriorated cotton seed and improving quality by using gibberellic acid

Deterioration of seeds is an important factor to reduce seeds vigor and limit germination. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the influence of gibberellic acid hormone on recovery of seeds and improvement of quality and seedling growth in Varamin cotton seed, an experiment was conducted in a completely randomized way in three replications. Treatments included: two levels of deteriorat...

[ 129 ] - Response of yield and some physiological traits in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) to Zn and Ca nano chelates and their application methods

Peanut is one of the important legume crops and its grain rich in oil (47-53 %) and protein (25-36 %). Peanut has very high nutrient requirement, Hence, in order to evaluate the effects of Zn and Ca nano-chelates and their application methods on yield and some physiological traits in peanut, a field experiment carried out in 2016 cropping season as split plot arrangement based on randomized com...

[ 130 ] - Evaluation of the Effect of Intercropping Sugarcane - Legume on the Quantitative, Qualitative and Physiological Characteristics of Sugarcane

In order to investigate the effect of different treatments of  intercropping sugarcane with two types of legumes on some quantitative and qualitative propertys of sugarcane, an experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with 14 treatments and four replications in two locations in Ahvaz, Iran in 2016-2017. The treatments included: Pure Sugarcane, Pure Soybean, Pure Cowpea, Pu...

[ 131 ] - Effect of drought stress and application of clinoptilolite on yield and quality of silage corn hybrids

Present study was carried out to evaluate the effects of drought stress and clinoptilolite on the yield and forage quality of silage corn hybrids. The experiment was arranged in a three-replicated split-spilt plot based on randomized complete blocks design (RCBD) with three irrigation regimes including optimum irrigation, moderate and severe drought stress (irrigation after 70, 100 and 130 mm e...

[ 132 ] - Effect of soil Zn deficiency on antioxidant enzymes activity and biochemical parameters in bread wheat

A factorial experiment was conducted in greenhouse in a completely randomized design (CRD) with three replications to investigate the response of Zn-efficient and -inefficient bread wheat cultivars to soil Zn deficiency. The factors of the experiment were soil Zn levels (Zn-adequate: 5mg Zn kg-1 soil and no Zn application), Zn-efficient (Bayat and Niknejad) and -inefficient (Hirmand and Karaj1...

[ 133 ] - Effect of salicylic acid and selenium foliar application on physiological and agronomic characteristics of safflower (Carthamus tictorius L.) in drought stress conditions

In order to study the effect of salicylic acid and selenium foliar application on physiological characteristics, yield and yield components of safflower (Carthamus tictorius L.) under drought stress conditions, an experiment was conducted as split plot based on randomized complete block design with three replications. The main factor included irrigation in three levels, complete irrigation duri...

[ 134 ] - Effects of glauconitic sandstone on growth, nutrients content and some physiological traits of canola plants grown under two differents pH levels

Glauconite is a micaceous mineral that could be source of potassium. The aim of this study was evaluation of the effects of glauconitic sandstone and potential of iron relase and toxicity in case of using as a potassium fertilizer for canola plants. The plants cultivation experiments were carried out in growth chamber in sand culture with completely randomized design as factorial. The first fac...

[ 135 ] - Response of sunflower cultivars of Iroflor to water deficit stress and methods of biophosphate application in the Miandoab area

In order to evaluate the effect of water stress on sunflower cultivars of Iroflor in different stages of growth and methods of biophosphate consumption, a factorial experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with four replications. Water deficit stress in four levels including control (non-stress), stress in vegetative stage, stress in reproduction stage and stress in both v...

[ 136 ] - Effects of seed inoculation by cycocel and biofertilizers on yield, antioxidant enzymes activity and some biochemical traits of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under soil salinity condition

In order to study the effects of seed inoculation by cycocel and biofertilizers on yield, antioxidant enzymes activity and some biochemical traits of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under soil salinity condition, a factorial experiment was conducted based on randomized complete block design with three replications in a research greenhouse of Faculty of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University...

[ 137 ] - Effect of mycorrhiza fungi on the quantitative and qualitative traits of cowpea (vigna unguiculata L.) in different irrigation intervals

In order to effect of mycorrhiza fungi on the quantitative and qualitative traits of cowpea in different irrigation intervals, this research was carried out in 2017 in Khorramshahr as split plot based on randomized complete block design with four replications. The treatments consisted of different irrigation intervals at four levels of 55, 80, 105 and 130 mm evaporation from class A evaporation...

[ 138 ] - Effect of drought tension and salicylic acid on some morphophysiological and agronomic traits of guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.)

Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.) is a tropical drought tolerant crop, potentially proper for arid areas. The objective of present survey was to evaluate the effect of different irrigation regimes and salicylic acid levels on morphological, physiological and seed yield of Guar. The present experiment was conducted as split plots based on randomized complete blocks design with four replications....

[ 139 ] - Effect of razobium phazeoli bacteria and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi on yield andyield components of red bean (Phaseolus Vulgaris L.) under water tension deficit

In order to investigate the effect of Rhizobium bacterium and mycorrhizal fungi on yield and yield components of red bean Goli cultivar under water deficit tension, the present experiment was conducted as split plots based on randomized complete blocks design with three replications at research farm of Islamic Azad University of Tabriz during 2015. Water deficit tension by three levels of irrig...

[ 140 ] - Effect of salicylic acid and humic acid on some physiological characteristics and yield of forage maize (Zea mays L.) under drought tension conditions

 In order to investigate the effect of salicylic acid and humic acid to mitigate the impact of drought tension during pollination of forage maize, the present experiment was conducted as split plots based on randomized complete blocks design with three replications at Isfahan University of Technology. Drought tension levels included: without tension (control), mild tension (75 percent crop capa...

[ 141 ] - Effect of foliar application of iron nano-chelate and folic acid on seed yield and some physiological traits of sesame cultivars under drought tension conditions

Drought tension and iron fertilizer play an important role in determining the grain yield and quality of oil seed products. Therefore, a split plot-factorial experiment based on randomized complete blocks design with three replications was conducted to investigate the effect of foliar application of iron nano-chelate and folic acid on some quantitative and qualitative traits of two sesame culti...

[ 142 ] - Yield and growth characteristics of sunflower cultivars inoculated by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi under drought tension conditions

One of the new methods for optimum management and increasing the efficiency of water resources utilization in agricultural uses is the use of irrigation methods. Considering the importance of this issue, this research was carried out to determine the effect of mycorrhizal fungi on the yield of sunflower cultivars under drought tension conditions and as split split plots based on randomized comp...

[ 143 ] - Investigating the effect of humic acid and micronutrient nano fertilizers on the response of rainfed chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in autumn cultivation

  This study was carried out to investigate the effect of Humic acid and micronutrient nano fertilizers on rainfed chickpea response under field conditions located in Kamyaran-Kurdistan during 2015-2016 year. The experiment was split plots in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The main factor was foliar application of Humic acid in three levels including (control, four ...

[ 144 ] - Effect of Salinity Tension and Foliar Application of Nano-Oxide on Some of the Physiological Chracteristics of Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) and Camelina (Camelina sativa L.)

In order to investigate the effect of salinity tension and zinc nano oxide on physiological parameters of Rapeseed and Camelina, a factorial experiment was conducted based on a completely randomized design with three replications in the greenhouse conditions of Department of Biology of Urmia University in 2012-13. The factor of zinc nano oxide was investigated at three levels of zero,  25 and 1...

[ 145 ] - Study of seed germination and seedling growth of alfalfa genotypes (Medicago sativa L.) under drought tension conditions

In order to investigate the effect of drought tension on germination characteristics and seedling growth of 10 alfalfa genotypes, two separate experiments were carried out in vitro petri dish culture medium (seed testing) and potting (vegetative growth stage) as a factorial experiment in a completely randomized design with three replications in a specialized laboratory in Khuzestan University o...

[ 146 ] - Sport Injuries in the second Islamic CountriesWomen's sports Games

Abstract Nowadays participation in sports has increased among women thus, sport injuries which makes an inevitable part of it has increased too. Determination of sports injuries incidence has a critical importance in care programs. In this study 97 cases of sports injuries occurred during the Second Islamic Countries women's sports games were evaluated. For each case referee a special form was...

[ 147 ] - Survey of Life Events Prior to Suicide Attempt

Abstract Stressful life events are seen frequently, prior to suicide in persons who attempted. This study was done to survey problematic life events prior to suicide attempt in patients who had been admitted in emergency ward of Razi Hospital in Rasht 2001. To achieve this goal , 173 patients who had been admitted due to suicide attempt were interviewed by two trained male and female general ...

[ 148 ] - Longterm Results of Penile Vein Ligation for Impotence of Venous Leakage

Abstract The indication for venous surgery in the treatment of erectile dysfunction have been reduced as evidence of unsatisfactory long - term results has emerged. The short and long - term results of venous surgery were assesesd in patients with veno - occlusive dysfunction who were selected in the basis of thorough diagnostic criteria. All of patients in this study were unresponsive to maxi...

[ 149 ] - The Comparison of Midazolam and Diazepam on Incidence of Postoperative Nausea and vomiting

Abstract Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common and unpleasant complication. Various drugs are used for prevention and treatment of PONV. Recently an antiemetic effect of Lorazepam has been reported, that it's usage as premedication can reduce PONV in children. As Benzodiazepines are safe drugs, their probable antiemetic effect may reduce the usage of other antiemetic drugs with ...

[ 150 ] - Determination of the Lag Time or Susceptibility in LDL Oxidation Procedure

ABSTRACT Much researches has focused on the theory that antioxidant nutrients act as scavengers of oxygen derived free radicals, thereby helping to prevent cell and tissue damage that otherwise would give rise to degenerative diseases such as atherosclerosis caused by LDL oxidation. Findings from extensive studies suggested that the determination of lag objective procedure for determining the ...

[ 151 ] - Knowledge of People Over 15 years old about Prophylaxis and transferring of AIDS and hepatitis B in Sanandaj

ABSTRACT This is a descriptive-analytic survey to evaluation the knowledge of women and men over 15 years old about prophylaxis and transferring of AIDS and hepatitis B in sanandaj in 1998. The purpose of this study was to determine knowledge of people over 15 years old about prophylaxis of AIDS and hepatitis B based on their age, job, and education. In this study 852 men and Women over 15 yr....

[ 152 ] - Relation between CBC Finding and BH attacks in children

ABSTRACT Breath holding (B.H) attacks is one of the most common problem in children that disturbs their parents. With respect to the presence of discrepancies between anemia and iron therapy in this condition, this study designed for evaluation the relation of C.B.C findings and B.H attacks. This analytical case-control study was done on 86 patients under 6 years old who referred to outpatien...

[ 153 ] - Seroepidemiology of Hepatitis A in Population under 30 years old in Rural Area of Zabol

Abstract Hepatitis A , like any other intestinal diseases, is common across the world. But its prevalence and epidemiological feature vary according to sanitation and crowded of people. This study which was conducted in the spring of 1377 (1998) aims at the evaluation of epidemiologic pattern of hepatitis A in Zabol. 229 people from rural area of Zabol were randomly selecteted and investigated...

[ 154 ] - Comparison of Complications and length of Hospitalization in management of Stevens-Johnson Syndrome with Systemic Steroid or Supportive Care

ABSTRACT Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a serious acute self limited emergency in dermatology with considerable morbidity and mortality, Its specific therapy with systemic steroids has been the matter of challenge and controversy in the past 4 decades. The purpose of this study was comparing of complications and the length of hospitalization between those treated with steroids and supporti...

[ 155 ] - Correlation of Demographic Factors of Mother and Child With Infant Mortality Rate

ABSTRACT I.M.R is one of the most important Indexes in health system that used for in assessment of health service and appllicated determine of developing society. If we'll diagnose the case of mortality in developing countries we can dissolve this problem with simple Actions. this study was carried out for determine of correlation between demographic factors of mother and child and I.M.R in v...

[ 156 ] - Etiologies of Erythroderma on Patients Admitted in Dermatology Department

ABSTRACT Erythroderma is a severe skin disease that can be associated with serious metabolic disorders and so it requires immediate care. The difficulty with erythroderma lies in finding the underlying cause. Several studies in other countries, that reported a different incidence of each etiologic group. The aim of this study was to evaluate various causes of erythroderma in Gilan and compare ...

[ 157 ] - Radiological Findings in Active Pulmonary TB

ABSTRACT Pulmonary Tuberculosis (TB), usually is a chronic disease that caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. Identification of the cases of TB is the key to control of it and radiology still plays a major role in both active and passive TB diagnosis. To assess the radiological patterns of presentation of active postprimary pulmonary TB, in this review and retrospective analysis, we studied C...

[ 158 ] - Effect of Post-Space Preparation on Apical Seal of Endodontically Treated Teeth

ABSTRACT  By restoration of pulpally exposed teeth with root canal therapy edentulous areas and neighbouring teeth displacement can be avoided. Prefabricated posts may be used for crown restoration of these teeth. For the preparation of root canal for post placement, Gutta percha should be removed by means of mechanical, thermal and chemical agents. To study the amount of apical leakage in vit...

[ 159 ] - Serum Cholesterol Level and its Association with their Fats and Cholesterol Intake.

ABSTRACT Cholesterol and particularly LDL-c is one of the most important risk factors of cordiovascular disease. The most important environmental factor that influence this anomaly is nutritional status. The aim of this Cross-Sectional study was determination of the level of serum cholesterol and its association with fats and cholesterol intake. we selected 628 men and women aged 35-65 years o...

[ 160 ] - Growth of Children Feeding with Different Formula During First 4 Month after Birth

Abstract We evaluated 229 cases of children who were born in the first half of the year. These cases refered to the ten health centers in Rasht in 1995. There were 116 (50.66%) boys and 113 (49.34%) girls in this research. We saw that 96 boys were feed through the breast milk in the first four months, and 20 boys were feed through the formula and we saw 102 girls out of 113 were feed through t...

[ 161 ] - Effective Factors on Quality of Life in Diabetic Patients

ABSTRACT Nowadays one of the most important methods for evaluation of treatment and care is to assess the quality of life (QOL).chronic patient like diabetics are face with many disorder in dimensions of QOL.The important question is what factors effect it? In this regard, the researcher wishes to assess the relational pattern between demographic characteristic and dimensions of QOL.So to achi...

[ 162 ] - Prevalence of Polypharmacy and Correlations with Sex, Age and Drug Regimen in Insurance Prescription

Abstract Simultaneous use of multiple drugs (Polypharmacy, PP) is associated with adverse drug reactions, medication errors, increased risk of hospitalisation and increased curative costs, specially when the number of drugs exceeds four items. This cross-sectional study was conducted to determine prevalence of PP and its some associated factors. Data were derived from health insurance prescrip...

[ 163 ] - Comparison of Betadin with Betadin- Alcohole in Fast Skin Prepartion for spainal Anesthesia

ABSTRACT Cesarean section is an emergency operation and in many cases it is vital for mother and newborn to do it fast. If spinal Anesthesia, be chosen, because of emergency condition, anesthesiologist always haven't enough time to be sure of skin sterility at the site of needle puncture with skin preparation in the required time by proper detergents. In this situation there is danger of infec...

[ 165 ] - Comparison of the Formalin- Ether and the Katz Kato in The Parasitological Diagnosis of Human Fascioliasis

ABSTRACT Human fascioliasis is an endemic disease in the Guillan province and it has became a public health problem in the port of Anzali. Thousands of people in this area were infected during the two outbreaks in 1987 and 1998. If the mature worm settles in the liver, finding the ova in the stool is the most reliable diagnosis of the infection. Therefore selecting the most sensitive parasito...

[ 166 ] - Bacterial Infection in Infants and Children with Fever Selected for Lumbar Puncture

ABSTRACT Lumbar puncture (LP) is performed frequently in Pediatric departments to diagnose meningitis in infants and young children with fever. Children selected to have LP who do not have meningitis may, however, have other bacterial infections. During a 2-year desciptive study, we investigated lumbar punctures performed in pediatric departments of Bou-Ali, Emam-Hossein and Loghmane-Hakim ho...

[ 167 ] - Recurrence of Attack and Associated Factors in Children with Febril Convulsion Admitted in Hospital

ABSTRACT Febrile Convulsion is the most common reason of seizures of epilepsy during child hood from 9 mo to 5 years of age. That is classified in to two groups, as simple and complex based on it's Clinical Features. One of the factors in this dividing is repetation of convulsion for several hours or days. In some studies sex, age , family history, temprture at the time of convulsion and dura...

[ 168 ] - The Survey of Fetal Genitourinary Abnormalities

ABSTRACT Congenital genitourinary tract abnormalities occur in 0.1% to 1% of all neonates and are a major cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity. Nowadays, prenatal ultrasonography can detect most malformations and anomalies. In this study the genitourinary tract abnormalities of the Fetuses of the pregnant women by prenatal ultrasonography and causes of these abnormalities were evaluated...

[ 169 ] - Effective Factors on Selection of Governmental or Private Hospital with Surgical Patients

ABSTRACT Many factors affect decision-making by patients who seek surgical management and choose hospital for admission. They nclude : The quality of health and medical services, the cost of them, social, puysical, finanical and cultural factors. This study was carried out to make clear, which of the above menitioned factors are more effective than the others. In this study, during summer of ...

[ 170 ] - Findings of Cerebral CT-scan in Car Accident Patients

ABSTRACT Trauma is the most common reason of death in 1-44 years olds. In patients with multiple rtrauma, the head is the most common involved part . Car accident is the most common cause of head injury in adults. The importance of computed tomography (CT) in diagnosis of brain trauma is well estabilished and CT of the brain is a choice method. A descriptive study was carried out in 880 patie...

[ 171 ] - Prevalence of Hand, Foot and Facial warts Amongst the 6-17 Years - Old Students of Rasht

ABSTRACT Wart is one of the most common contagious dermatologic diseases throughout the world, which allocate high funds for therapeutic, cosmetic and hygienic works in a society. It seems that school children are more susceptible to infection due to the closely extensive contacts with each other. Thus, with the aim of detecting the prevalance of wart in the exposed areas in school children i...

[ 172 ] - Prevalence of Blood Transmitted Infection in Donors of Yasuj Blood Transfusion Organization

ABSTRACT Blood transmitted diseases are one of the most important problems in the science of blood transfusion that cause illness and its complication, and spending much money. Among them check on hepatitis B and C, AIDS and syphitis are routine in all blood transfusion services. Our goal of this retrospective study is determining the prevalence of this diseases in Blood Transfusion Service ...

[ 173 ] - Survey of Factors Associated with Mastalgia

ABSTRACT We crried out a retrospective study in Specialized Clinic of Rasht. In this study 200 women who refered to the Specialized Clinic with mastalgia from september 1997 until september 1998 on the basis of age, parity, nistory of breast feeding, family history of breast cancer, consumption of oral contraceptive, unilateral or bilateral breast involvement, fearing of breast cancer, cyclic...

[ 174 ] - A Comparison of Extrusion Time of Ventilating Tube (pariz) with mported v.t (Shepard) in Patients Affected with Chronic Serous Otitis

ABSTRACT Otitis serous is a common disease in pediatrics and ENT which can be treated by various medical and surgical techniques. The traditional surgery treatment of this disease has been done by realation of middle ear cavity with myringotomy and insertion of ventilation tube in tympanic membrane. Since remaining time of ventilation tube in tympanic membrane has a direct effect on the tratm...

[ 175 ] - Effect of Partograph on the First Stage of Delivery

ABSTRACT This study examined the effect of partograph on the first stage of deliverly in Pregnant women who came to the deliverly section of AL-Zahra Educational hospital in 1999-2000. In this semi- experimental study 218 samples are collected and the data collection tool was Partagraph that used in labors. Data analysis indicated that using Partograph had decreased the number of cesarean. In...

[ 176 ] - Pathologic Findings of Diagnostic Curettage for Abnormal Uterine Bleeding

ABSTRACT The Purpose of this study was determination of prevalence of various findings in pathologic reports of D&C that were done for abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) in pre/peri/postmenopausal women. Study population in this discriptive cross-sectional study was all of D&C operations that were done for AUB indication in Alzahra hospital from April 1997 until April 1998. Their pathologic rep...

[ 177 ] - Effect of Priming Dose of Atracurium on the Onset of Muscle Relaxation: A Controlled Clinical Trial

ABSTRACT The aim of this study was comparison of priming and intubating dose of Atracurium on the onset of muscle relaxation time to testing an alternative method for urgent operation. one hundred, 20-30 years old men that were condidate for urgency surgery entered in this study and divided in two groups randomly. First group was relaxed with Priming dose of Atracurium. In this way, %5 mg (pr...

[ 178 ] - Sensitivity and Specifity of Plain X-Ray in Diagnosis of Acute Sinusitis

ABSTRACT With considering of high prevalence of sinusitis and variable imaging modalities in diagnosis of it, we decided to evaluate sensitivity and specifity of plain x-ray in diagnosis of acute sinusitis. In this researeh , CTscan and plain x-ray findings of 83 patients with suspected acute sinusitis (by otorhinolayrngologist) - with considering of ethical and economic notices - were compar...

[ 180 ] - Plasmid Curing Activity of Five Plant Extracts on Multiple Resistant Plasmid Bearing Klebsiella Pnumoniae Strains

ABSTRACT The curing of five medicinal plant extracts (Satureia hortensis, Glycyrrhiza glabra, Teucrium Pollium, Myrtus Communis, Eukalypetus globolus) on plasmid bearing strains of klebsilla pnenmoniae resistance to multiple antibiotics were investigated. Alcoholic and maceration extraction were carried out from leaves, fruits or roots of the above plants. Mimimum inhibitory concentrations (MI...

[ 181 ] - Mutagenicity Effect of Antimigrin Herbal Medicine

ABSTRACT The increasing use of medical herbs and their products and the proof of mutagenicity and oncogenicity of some of their components justify more researches about these effects of herb products. The objective of the present study is to explore the cytogenetic toxicity of a product currently available in Iranian drug market called Antimigrin. One of the methods used for the study of mutag...

[ 182 ] - The Electromyographic Changes of Abdominal Muscles in Two Sit-up Movement for One Minute

ABSTRACT Muscles have an important role in daily physical works and with increasing knowledge of them we could have appropriate physical position and achieving success in sports. The purpose of this research is to study of electromyographic changes of two abdominal muscle (Rectus abdominus and external oblique) in two kinds of sit- up in one minute. The subjects were 15 healthy students and n...

[ 183 ] - The Effects of Caffeine on the Development of the Palat

ABSTRACT The Purpose of this research was to study the effects of caffeine on the development of the palate. Since the development of palatal shelves from the 13th day starts by the growth of palatal shelves and the fusion of them occurs in the 16th day. After choosing wistar rat and coupling them monogamously, we determined pregnancy zero day and placed them in the control and test groups. ...

[ 184 ] - The Effect of Irrigation Time of Abdomen Before Cesarean Section on Wound Infection

ABSTRACT C/S is a Large operation and is accompanied by injuries which don't happen in vaginal delivery. Infection is the most common morbidity after c/s and there are multiple factors interferes. In this prospective study 245 patient who had obstetrical indications for c/s were selected. They were divided into two groups according to the time of irrigation at time of operationsite. 125 patien...

[ 185 ] - Evaluation of a Care Programme with Example of Poliomyelitis in Iran

ABSTRACT Surveillance is the ongoing process of collection, analyzing, interpreting and feedback of the health outcomes data. This health programme like every other programs should be assessed for improving. This study is performed in five provinces of Iran to assess the acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance by the quantitative and qualitative methods. During the 3 years (1996- 1998) 2...

[ 186 ] - Privalence of Low Birth Weight and Their Relation With Some of Maternal Risk Factors in Isfahan

ABSTRACT Birth weight is one of the main factors in child's physical mental growth . L.B.W. causes increasing mortality rate disbilities and diseases in infant. Neonatal rate in L.B.W. occasionally infant with L.B.W. has forty fold of neonatal mortality rate in comparision with normal weight infants. The aim of this study is recognition of effective factors on birth weight and Evaluating the...

[ 187 ] - Sensitivity of the Median- Ulnar Motor Comparative Techniques in Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

ABSTRACT Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is the most common entrapment syndrome. Median-ulnar motor comparative technique with Median motor technique in carpal tunnel syndrome were studied. In 50 patients with 72 hands with clinically defined carpal tunnel syndrome and electrophysilogic evidence of Median neuropathy at wrist based upon a prolonged sensory nerve distal latency with 30 asymptomatic volu...

[ 188 ] - Finding of Neck Mass Biopsy with FNA in 129 Patients

ABSTRACT The FNA is simple, inexpensive, available and almost safe method for diagnosis of neck mass. The aim of this Research was to assess the result of FNA for diagnosis of this patients. For this purpose 129 patients who had Referred to Tutunkaran Hospital over a period of three years with complaints of one or more tumors in the neck or parotid region was selected. Full medical history wa...

[ 189 ] - Zinc Concentration in Thalassemic Patients Hair

ABSTRACT Thalassemia is a common genetic diseaes. Due to repeated blood transfuion and increasing iron load, deferoxamin is used in this illness. One of it's adverse effect is binding to zinc element, Regarding to effects of zinc on growth and development, when the patient's zinc hair was less than healthy person, it is concluded that with administration of zinc element, There was significant ...

[ 190 ] - Assessment Scientific Knowledge of Medical Interns about Four Common Infection Diseases in Fars

ABSTRACT The present study was designed to assess the knowledge of medical interns about four common infectious diseases; tuberculosis, brucellosis, typhoid fever and dysentery. This cross sectional study was done in Shiraz in 1999 and 2000. 211 interns properly filled our questionnaire which was prepared about tuberculosis. brucellosis, typhoid fever and bloody diarrhea for evaluation of thei...

[ 191 ] - Prevalence of Cesarean Section and Some Determinant Factors In Kerman

ABSTRACT In spite of the cesarean section expense, mortality and morbidity is more than normal delivery This study performed to determine prevalence of cesarean section and some determinant factors. In this cross sectional study information was consecutively collected from 500 deliveries with gestational age of more than 28 Weeks in Kerman Hospitals at Agust 1996. Prevalence of cesarean secti...

[ 192 ] - Attitude and Knowledge of Couple About Thalassemmia at the Stage of Marriage in Babol

ABSTRACT Thalassemia is a genetic hemoglobinopaty. The attitude and knowledge of couple at the stage of marriage has an important role in prevention of that. The objective of this study was to determine the attitude and knowledge of couple at stage of marriage in relation to the necessary of consulting program, prevention and the nature of thalassemia in Babol. A cross-sectional study of 268 c...

[ 193 ] - Prevalence of Cyclic Mastalgia and It’s Relation With Age, Marriage and Employment Outside the House

ABSTRACT Cyclic mastalgia presentated with cyclic and regular recurence of breast pain and swelling in luteal phase of mensturation. This symptom associates with phobia in women and increasing unnecessary clinical admissions and interacts with social activities and familial communications. The object of this study was determination of prevalence of this symptom in reproductive age women in Ra...

[ 194 ] - Preparation of a Photoactivable Ligand for Bradykinin Receptors

ABSTRACT Most of physiological effects of bradykinin is due to its effect on bradykinin B2 receptors. There is no reports of preparation of a photoactivatable analogue of bradykinin reactive with sloubilized bradykinin B2 recpetors. Photoactivatable radioactive ligands are powerful tools in purification of receptors. In this study we report preparation of a photoactivatable iodinatable analo...

[ 195 ] - Survey of Serum Ferritin and Hemoglobin Levels of Mothers and their Newborns

ABSTRACT one of the best index to study the mother's Iron level is to measure the serum ferritin. The aim of this study is to find out the relationship between the serum ferritin in mothers and newborns, and therefore we use these indexes to assess the Iron depletion enemia in above subjects. In this study, hemoglobin, serum ferritin, transferrin saturation (%), serum iron, and total iron bi...

[ 196 ] - Effect of Lowering PCR Reaction Volumes and Increasing the Speed of DNA Amplification on the Sensitivity of PCR

ABSTRACT Recently, PCR is being reported more frequently with satisfactory results on the diagnosis of clinical infections. Widespread availability of PCR promises a sensitive and specific alternative, to traditional methods, but these benefits must be balanced against cost. Protocols using small volumes have described where the reaction taken place in capillary tubes, and small volumes work...

[ 197 ] - Drug Resistance Patterns of Typhoidal and Non-typhoidal Salmonella Species in Hamadan

ABSTRACT The epidemiological studies indicate that the incidence of salmonellosis is increasing throughout the world. The uncontroled and unappropriate usage of antibiotics has been caused multi - drug resistance in these organisms, in recent years. In a cross-sectional descriptive study, 204 strains of typhoidal salmonella (T.S) and 114 strains of non-typhoidal salmonella (N.T.S) were exami...

[ 198 ] - Antibiotics in Qazvin Pysicians' Prescriptions

ABSTRACT Inappropriate antibutic prescription cause both microbic resistance and imposition of heavy and useless expenditure on patient and remedy-drug system. To analyse prescription indexes regarding antibutics in Qazvin physicians' prescriptions, this descriptive study was conducted on 2100 regular, randomly sampled prescriptions of general physicians, specialists and dentists. These docum...

[ 199 ] - Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection and it's Effective Factors in Butchers of Sari

ABSTRACT Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular parasite which is capable of infecting most of the hot blooded vertebrates. This parasite has a very different prevalence rate. Enviromental conditions and patern of food consumption are effective factors on prevalence rate of infection. Due to an appropriate geographical conditions , Mazandaran province has been one of the most importan...

[ 200 ] - Survey of Cardiovascular Damage due to Atherosclerosis in 112 Patients

ABSTRACT Atherosclerosis is one of the most common disorders in Iran. It usually involved adult males over the age of 60 year. All Major and middle arteries are at risk and usually it has two types effects on arteries, Occlusive lesions in the site of dividing arteries and aneurysmal lesions which occure in abdominal aorta in 90%. Frequency, symptoms and pathologies of atherosclosis is still...

[ 201 ] - Survey of Patients with Different Types of Rickets in Fars Province

ABSTRACT There are different causes for rickets. Vitamin D deficiency, disorder in vitamin D metabolism and action, familial x.linked hypophosphatemia, renal failure, hepatic disease & oncogenous rickets are some of the major causes of rickets. In this research we had the opportunity to study 50 cases of rickets during one year period in shiraz. The results showed that vitamin D deficiency wa...

[ 202 ] - Survey of the men's attitude three years after vasectomy

ABSTRACT Despite vasectomy is one of the surest contraceptive methods with minimum complication, has been recieved reluctantly by our society. One of the various factors of this is men's knowledge deficiency about salty of vasectomy. The aim of this study is survey of the men's attitude who was underwent vasectomy after a relatively long period of their operation. This could help men who are ...

[ 203 ] - The Prevalence of Hypothyroidism Mentally Retarded Patients

ABSTRACT The prevalence of hypothyroidism & mental developmental disturbances has been shown to be increased in iodine deficient arease. To Clarify the extent of this relation in Iran, we elected to survey 346 mentally retarded patients of Gillan Institudes. Aster filling a check list for every patient, physical examination was done & blood sample was kept for thyroid function (T3, T4, TSH Ib...

[ 204 ] - Evaluation of Students' Vision Screening Test by School Nurse

ABSTRACT Health screening in student, such as Visual screening test usually carry out by school nurses in many rural schools in Iran. While students are in the growth age, visual acuity may be affected by growth. A Study was carried out to evaluate vision screening test on students in Hamadan, Iran. A sample of 878 pupils examined by a school nurse using E- Chart. According to the test, chil...

[ 205 ] - Prevalence of Depression in Medical Patients admitted in a general hospital

ABSTRACT Many medical patients is general hospital suffer from depression and it seems that depression correlated with longer hospital stay, so correct diagnosis of depression and early pshychiatric consultation are important matter of cocern. In this research prevalence of depression and psychiatric consultation for depressed patients were studied in one of three general hospital of Kerman Un...

[ 207 ] - Infant Acute Hemorragic Edema

ABSTRACT I.A.H.E is a self limiting disorder of infancy urticarial & purpuric plague type lesion in the face & extrimities are its specific sign. Its etiology is unknown, however in many patients a history of preceding upper respiratory infection or drug consumption is detected. In this case of a child with 8 month aged with I.A.H.E is presented to you.

[ 208 ] - Clinical and Electrocardiographic comparison of patients with primary Mitral Valve Prolapse Syndrome and control group

ABSTRACT: Mitral Valve Prolapse (WVP) in one of the commonest cardiac abnormalities. Echocardiography has generally been accepted as the diagnostic modality of choice, To assess the characteristic symptoms signs and electrocardiographic abnormalities of MVP results of prospective 500 age and sex matched healthy subjects without echocardiographic MVP (control subjects). The diagnostic criteria...

[ 209 ] - A Report of 137 Cases of Thyroidectomy in Dr Heshmat Hospital ,in Rasht ,Guilan (1360 - 1365)

ABSTRACT : To study the indications and results of thyroidectomy in a non-academic hospital in RASHT, the center of Guilan province, we studied the pre- and post-operation status of 137 patients admitted between 1360 -1365 in Dr Heshmat hospital. The pathologic reports of 100 cases were available, and 62 patients presented for postoperative evaluation . Eighty seven percent of the patients we...

[ 210 ] - A Study on Prevalence Rate of Psychiatric Disorders Arising from War with Associated Factors in Hospitalized Patients of Mirzakoochak Hospital ,Rasht, Guilan , in 1365-68.

ABSTRACT: A descriptive study was done to show the prevalence of psychiatric disorders arising from war. Of 1850 hospitalized patients at Mirzakoochak Hospital, 223 patients who had psychiatric disorders due to war were studied by means of questionnaire and clinical interview according to DSM -III -R criteria. The mean age was 22.95 with standard deviation :5.59+. The results showed that %65....

[ 211 ] - A Study of Salmonella Infections in Patients of Razi Hospital and Hefdah-Shahriver Hospital ,Rasht.

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was the evaluation of salmonella infections in Guilan . The survey was carried out on 153 patients of two hospitals in Rasht . Test samples included blood ,feces and urine. Samples taken from patients were cultured and biochemical . Serological test for determination of antigenic formmula were carried out .66 patients were positive for salmonella comprising ...

[ 212 ] - Glioblastoma Multiforme in Children, A Case-Report

ABSTRACT: Glioblastoma multiforme is the most malignant primary brain tumor .It usually occurs in the 5th and 6th decades of life and is rare in childern. In this paper a case of glioblastoma multiforme is reported in a ten year - old child who presented with two week's history of headache with no neurological defect.C.T scan revealed å right frontal mass with massive surrounding oedema. He w...

[ 213 ] - Epidemiological & Laboratory Study on Scorpion Stings in Khuzestan Province

ABSTRACT: From 188 cases of scorpion stings in patients at the ages of one month to 60 years admitted to the University Hospitals , 43.1% were from rural and 56.9% from peri-urban areeas. 78.3% were admitted in the period of April to August .The lower parts of body were more exposed to the sting. Distribution of stings in both sex ( male and female ) was the same. Scorpions of Buthidae and Sc...

[ 214 ] - The Effects of Sunlight on Blood Pressure and Plasma Concentration of Na+,K+,T3,T4 B.

ABSTRACT: The exposure to light affects the biological functions of human.This Study has investigated the effects of duration of sunlight exposure on blood pressure and plasma concentration of Na+,K+,T3, T4 The subjects are two groups of workers from a construction company in Kerman . The first group (experimental )having an average of 8 Workhours in Sunshine (n=84) and the Second one (contro...

[ 216 ] - Intra Abdominal Ectopic Pregnancies and an Interesting Case Report about It

ABSTRACT:  One of the rarest types of ectopic pregnancy is abdominal form which has a high mortality and morbidity rate .An abnormal case of abdominal form is presented in this article . The patient is a 30-year-old multi - parous Afganian refugee who had a history of three previous normal pregnancies and deliveries .The Fourth Pregnancy, however , had been terminated by a piece of shrapnel. ...

[ 218 ] - بررسی و درمان آبسه مغزی Evaluation and treatment of Brain Abscess)

ABSTRACT: Brain abscess is a localized parenchymal infection of the brain , which may develop from three sources:(1)by direct extension of preexisting infection in the paranasal and mastoid sinus.(2) from cranial trauma,(3) by hematogenous spread. Brain abscess occurs more frequently in the young and in males. With more common utilization of anaerobic cultures,it has become apparent that a gr...

[ 219 ] - Study and Evaluation of Formulation and Nutritional values of parenteral Nutrition Formulae of Iranian Generic Project in Ten Major General Hospitals

Abstract: Parenteral Nutrition Formulae in Iranian Generic Project were studied in 31 patients hospitalized in ten major general hospitals in Tehran and Shiraz. Estimated theoretical energy (Calculated Energy Value or CEE) using Harris- Benedict equations and applying the Cerra stress factor was compared with the amount of energy estimated via indirect calorimetric technique (Measured Energy ...

[ 220 ] - One Case-report of Hand-Schuller-christian Syndrome in Children

SUMMARY Histiocytosis X is associated with idiopathic Proliferation of histiocytes and infiltration of eosinophils in bone marrow Spleen, Liver and other Soft tissues. Clinically there are three distinct forms:  1 - Eosinophilic granuloma is the most benign and Localized form of the disease.  2- Letterer- Siwe is the most malignant, generalized and fatal form of the disease.  3- Hand- Schul...

[ 222 ] - Effet of low-dose Aspirin on mortality of Acute myocardial Infarction

SUMMARY Between Aug. 1982 and March 1984, In a prospective, randomized trial approximately 24 hours after the onset of acute myocardial, infarction (MI), the influence of Low dose aspirin (120-150 mg/day, just during inhospital phase), on inhospital and post- hospital mortality rate was studied in 62 patients, and compared with control group. The two groups were comparable with regard to age,...

[ 224 ] - Metastatic skin carcinoma, A Report on a Rare case

SUMMARY Development of metastatic deposits in skin indicates that the cancer is disseminated, and reveals a poor prognosis.but rarely, it is possible for cutaneous metastasis to be the first clinical manifestation of an occult internal malignancy. Unfortunately, a few of cutaneous metastatic deposits have characteristic clinical appearance, that may suggest the possibility of metastasis in dif...

[ 229 ] - Kala- Azar in Khoozestan Part one (1971-1980)

SUMMARY In parasitological and serological (Fluoresent) studies of 125 clinically suspected Kala- azar patients from different areas of Khooszestan province,51 cases (40.8%) were proved to have leishmanial infection. From 101 direct examination of bone marrow after staining with Giemsa in 32 cases amastigotes were found and leishmanial antibody were detected in titres 1/64-1/4096 by indirect f...

[ 230 ] - An Epidemiological Survey on a patient with myocardial infarction In Dr. Heshmat Hospital During 5 years.

SUMMARY The most common cause of mortality in man is C.A.D Predisposing factors of this disease vary in different areas. Present research has taken place in Guilan Province in order to achieve an exact understanding of the effective factors for C.A.D. The study was done by a questionaire and on basis of a retrospective approach within 5 years. In this survey, out of 3645 patients with C.A.D, ...

[ 231 ] - Monoclonal Antibodies

SUMMARY Monoclonal Antibodies are identical antibodies and Can be generated in ultimated amounts by countinuos cultures of single antibody- secreting cells. These cell lines are produced by cell fusion of normal lymphocytes to cells of a myeloma tumor cell line, which confers on the antibody producing hybrid cell, immortality and the ability grow as atumor in animals. monoclonal antibodies c...

[ 232 ] - 3- year-Long survey of skin Disease in the skin clinic

SUMMARY It his survey we reviwed over 6816 patients in Gilan one of the northern humid provinces of Iran. This survey showed that our major problem are bacterial, fungal and dermatitis.

[ 234 ] - Physic of Laser

SUMMARY laser operate on the principle that excited atoms can be stimulated to emit photons, Resulting in a Markedly amplified light that possesses the Unique properties of coherence, Monochromacy and high Intensity. The Nature of this light allows precise alteration of tissues, primarily by photocoagulation and disruption which has been Utilized in several forms of surgery.

[ 235 ] - Roots of new of Anatomy in the Islamic and Iranian medical Sorces

SUMMARY Andreus veasalius is the father of anatomy and moderm anatomical scinces. the belgian phyaician (Veasalius)made a considerable of padoa university in Italy, and also after the publication of his famous book about the human body factory" reached the new peak. However in contrary to the belif of medical and eastern historians Veasalius was not quite inventive. he had used the Islamic med...

[ 236 ] - Study of 200 dispensing prescriptions in respect to their formulation suitability.

SUMMARY At the present study a total number of 200 dispensing prescriptions for skin use was studied in respect to the suitability of their formulation ingredients. The results showed that there was problems with almost all dispensed prescriptions including: - insolubility of drug in its prescribed vehiclp. - Insufficiency of alcoholic grade as formulation solvent. - Using tablet or caps...

[ 237 ] - Prevalence of psychiatry disorders in patients with mitral valve Prolapse syndrome

SUMMARY: The mitral valve prolapse syndrome (MVPS) is a common cardiac disorder, occurring in five percent of general population. An association has been claimed between MVPS and psychiatry disorders. In this study 648 patients (mean age 32.2 years, 411 female .237 male subjects) with echocardiographically confirmed MVPS were tested for psychiatry disorders, and compared with 660 control group...

[ 238 ] - Measurment of stable Glycosylated Hemoglobin (Hb A1) and Its unstable type (pre- Hb A1c) with the lon- exchange Chromatography in Diabetic patients

SUMMARY: At present, measurment of glycosylated hemoglobin, especially the stable fraction of hemoglobin (HbA1c) is one of the ways to control diabetes because this measurment can demonstrate total glycemia during last 1.2.3 months. Glycosylated hemoglobin is seen in 3 forms: Ala Alb A1c. Among these hemoglobin Alc is quantitively more than other 2 forms and its difference with other hemoglobi...

[ 239 ] - The prevalence of sheehan disease in laborers of Rasht Maternity hospital in 1984.

SUMMARY: In 1990 for determining the prevalence of sheehan Disease, we reviewed the available medical records of 20,000 pateints admittd in 1984 at RASHT Maternity Hospital. 485 pateints who had at least, one of these criteria were included in this study: max.blood pressure at least one time< 70 mmHg; report of abnormal vaginal bleeding, and Hg <10g/dl. The addresses of 403 cases were availabl...

[ 240 ] - COARCTATION OF THE AORTA Negligence in Diagnosis Four (Case- Reports).

SUMMARY: Coarctation of the aorta is a congenital heart disease consisting 7% of total congenital heart diseases. Its prevalence in men is 2 times more than that in women. This disease is associated with other congenital diseases. including aortic bicuspid valve, the linkage between two ventricles and arteriole channel It is often seen in the Turner syndrome which may lead to complications su...

[ 241 ] - Kawasaki Disease in Children: A Case Report.

SUMMARY: Kawasaki is an acute multisystemic disease affecting Predominantly. Children below 4 years of age. Having a Self- limited Course, it often Presents as Vasculitis. The Principal Complications are Stomatitis, conjunctivitis. Lymphadenopathy, Skin rashes as well as involvment of cardiovascular, alimentary and nervous system. In this article we report the First case of Kawasaki Disease ...

[ 243 ] - بیماری شیهان گزارش هفده مورد از رشت

SUMMARY During eight years, 1359-1366, seventeen cases with Sheehan's disease was seen. The age of the patients at the time of postpartum hemorrhagic shock was 30±7( mean± 1 SD ) years and at admission was 41 ± 10 ( mean ± 1 SD) years . weakness , palor, and Amenorrhe a was the three most common presenting complaints . Nine patients was referred with the diagnosis of Sheehan's disease (4 cases...

[ 244 ] - لوسمی میلوئید مزمن در کودکان و گزارش یک مورد

SUMMARY Chronic Myeloid Leukemia In Children And a Case – Report Dr. Roya Ejte mai , Assistant. professor, Gilan University of medical Sciences, Rasht . The case is a ten-years - old boy. During examinations for massive splenomegaly, his disease has been diagnosed chronic Myelogenous leukemia (CML), and also philadelphia chromosome was revealed during chromosomal analysis. The patient was t...

[ 245 ] - دردهای جلوی قلبی در اثر بیماریهای احشاء همراه با تغییرات (E.K.G) WEDDESKY PHENOMENON گزارش شش مورد

SUMMARY REPORT OF 6 CASES WITH ELECTROCARDIOGRAPHIC ST- T CHANGES DURING CHES PAIN INDUCED BY UPPER ABDOMINAL DISORDERS. DR. AUNOSI BAR/ICAR ; CHIEF CARDIOLOGIST GIULAN UNIVERSITY OF MEDICAL SCIENCES RASHT. IRAN 6 Cases of precordial pain caused by upper Abdominal Problems including gall stones, Acute cholecystitis , Acute pancreatitiy and Duodenal ulcer are being reported in this article. ...

[ 246 ] - عوارض قلبی عروقی قرصهای ضد بارداری خوراکی

SUMMARY Cardiovascular complication of oral contraceptives Mohammad Reza Afraz M.D. cardiologist Assistant professor, Gilan university of medical sciences, Rasht. Soon after the introduction of oral contraceptive agents in 1960, the potential risks of cardiovascular disease became apparent. Most investigators agree that there is an increased incidence of hypertension, myocardial infarction, c...

[ 247 ] - اپوئید‌‌ها(Opioids) و دستگاه گوارش

SUMMARY The term opioid was coined to refer in a generic sense to all drugs, natural and synthetic, with morphin - like actions. Three distinct families of peptides have been identified so far in gastrointestinal (GI) nervous system in mammalian. These peptides include : dynorphin, Met - enkephalin and leu - enkephalin . Results from studies about opioid which have been started 15 years ago ...

[ 248 ] - جذام بیماری قرن‌ها

SUMMARY The object of this article is to review the main subject of leprosy. According to our knowledge at least in more than 12 Iranian provinnces, leprosy is endemic. Clinical epidemiology feature some aspect of imunology and new theraputical procedure have been discused in this reviw.

[ 249 ] - Association between Mental Health and Coronary Heart Disease: A Prospective Cohort Study

Background and purpose: According to some evidence, psychological factors play an important role in the development and progression of cardiac diseases. But there are contradictions about the independent relationship between psychological distress and coronary heart disease. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between mental health and non-fatal coronary heart disease (CH...

[ 250 ] - Awareness of Students in Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences about Orthodontic Treatment

Background and purpose: Malocclusion is the most common developmental disorder. Many people undergo orthodontic treatment for cosmetic reasons. Knowledge about the need for orthodontic treatment in different population groups could help in having an appropriate perspective towards providing orthodontic treatments and planning for reasonable services in the community at macro level. The purpose ...

[ 251 ] - Effect of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Perovskia abrotanoides on Glucose, Cholesterol and HDL Levels in Diabetic Rats

Background and purpose: Diabetes mellitus is a highly prevalent disease and there is a global interest in using traditional and herbal medicine in treatment of this disease and other diseases. This study aimed at comparing the effects of hydroalcoholic extract of Perovskia abrotanoides and Glibenclamide on serum glucose, HDL, and cholesterol levels in diabetic rates. Materials and methods: In ...

[ 252 ] - Association between Anthropometric Indices and Breast Cancer Based on the Data of the Enrolment Phase (cross-sectional) in Tabari Cohort Study: The Causal Relationship or Violation of Temporality

Background and purpose: The relationship between obesity and the risk of breast cancer has been highlighted in some studies. This research aimed at studying the association between anthropometric indices and breast cancer based on enrolment phase (cross-sectional phase) data in Tabari cohort study. Materials and methods: In this cohort, 51 cases of breast cancer were recorded which were consid...

[ 253 ] - The Visuospatial Episodic Memory in Persian-speaking Patients with Multiple Sclerosis

Background and purpose: Memory dysfunction is one the most common challenges of patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Memory has a major role in daily life and influences social communication of individuals. The aim of this research was to investigate the function of nonverbal episodic memory in Persian speaker patients with MS. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 46 patient...

[ 254 ] - Comparing the Effects of Deep and Surface Aeration Methods on Density and Type of Airborne Bactria and Fungi in Municipal Wastewater Treatment Plant

Background and purpose: Emission of bioaerosols from wastewater treatment plants is a potential hazard to human health. In this study aimed at investigating the effects of surface and deep aeration techniques on density and type of airborne bacteria and fungi in two municipal wastewater treatment plants. Materials and methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was done in two wastewater t...

[ 255 ] - Rejection Rate in Kidney Transplant Recipients in Kermanshah, Iran: 1989-2016

Background and purpose: Kidney transplant is a major form of renal replacement therapy in many patients at advanced stages of the disease. Transplant rejection is a major complication following kidney transplant that could be reversible or irreversible. The present study was done to investigate the incidence of irreversible kidney transplant rejection. Materials and methods: A retrospective co...

[ 256 ] - Prevalence and Antibiotic Resistance Pattern of Citrobacter freundii Isolated from A Burn Center

  Background and purpose: Citrobacter freundii causes variety of infections, including respiratory tract infection, wound infection, meningitis, and urinary tract infection. The bacterium is considered as one of the main concerns in healthcare settings due to high antibiotic resistance patterns. The current research aimed at studying the prevalence of C. freundii strains in burned patients and...

[ 257 ] - Sporadic and Non-syndromic Bilateral Humeroradial Synostosis: A Case Report

Non-syndromic bilateral humeroradial synostosis is a very rare congenital anomalies of the upper limbs. This condition often occurs in conjunction with various syndromes and is associated with a positive family history. Herein, we report a 6 year old boy with non-syndromic bilateral humeroradial synostosis, without aplasia, hypoplasia or family history. Both elbows were constant at 90 degrees f...

[ 258 ] - Evaluation of Protein Complexes in Muscular Atrophy Using Interaction Map Analysis

Background and purpose: Muscular atrophy is a condition derived from different diseases and aging. Molecular study of the disease condition can help in developing diagnostic methods and treatment approaches. In this study, protein interaction network was analyzed to understand molecular events at protein levels. Materials and methods: In this experimental study, the network was constructed and...

[ 259 ] - Comparing Healing Effects of Olive Leaf Extract Ointment and Dermaheal Ointment on Cutaneous Wound in Diabetic Rats

Background and purpose: Diabetes mellitus is highly prevalent in the world and poor wound healing in diabetic patients is a serious public health issue nowadays. In this study, we evaluated the healing effects of olive leaf extract ointment on cutaneous wound in diabetic rats. Materials and methods: Thirty six male rats were di­vided into three groups: a control group and two experimental grou...

[ 260 ] - Molecular Detection of Bacterial Etiology of Rheumatoid Arthritis

Background and purpose: Etiology of rheumatoid arthritis is not fully recognized. The purpose of this study was to use universal and specific primers to trace bacteria in the blood and synovial fluid in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Materials and methods: In this experimental study, a PCR method was developed to identify a wide range of bacteria in general and Staphylococcus aureus in sp...

[ 261 ] - Effects of Resistance Training and Lifestyle Modification on TCD4+cell Count and Body Composition of HIV+ Patients

Background and purpose: Anti-retroviral therapy has raised life expectancy of HIV+ patients, but, it is associated with some adverse effects. Physical exercise as a non-pharmacological approach could be helpful in reducing some adverse effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of resistance training (RT) and lifestyle modification program (LMP) on TCD+ cell count and b...

[ 262 ] - Comparing the Efficacy of Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy and Integrative Behavioral Couple Therapy in Improving the Symptoms of Emotional Regulation in Couples with Marital Conflict

 Background and purpose: Current research was carried out to compare the effectiveness of integrative approaches; Emotionally Focused Couple Therapy (EFT) and Integrative Behavioral Couple Therapy (IBCT) in improving the symptoms of emotional regulation in couples with marital conflict. Materials and methods: Statistical population included all couples attending Ahvaz Mehrvaran Psychological C...

[ 263 ] - Depression, Anxiety, and Quality of Life in Breast Cancer Patients with Depression Receiving Citalopram and Supportive Group Psychotherapy: A Six-month Longitudinal Study

Background and purpose: Depression is a common psychiatric disorder in patients with breast cancer. This study was performed to follow-up breast cancer patients with depression receiving citalopram and group psychotherapy for six months. Materials and methods: This clinical trial was conducted in 40 breast cancer patients with depressive disorder. Among the patients, 20 received citalopram (20...

[ 264 ] - Effect of Teriparatide (CinnoPar®) in Treatment of Non::union:: Bone Fractures

Background and purpose: Non::union:: of bone fracture is a clinical and treatment challenge. Satisfactory repair of orthopedic fractures is of great importance and systemic treatment is used to achieve this goal. This study aimed to investigate the effect of Teriparatide (CinnoPar®) on non::union:: fractures. Materials and methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted in 17 patients with n...

[ 265 ] - Effect of Continuous Flushing on Patency Time of Peripheral Intravenous Catheters

Background and purpose: Occlusion is a decreasing factor on longevity of peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVCs). Continuous flushing (injection of specific volume of solution such as Normal Saline (N/S) before and after each drug infusion into PIVCs at determined interval time) is one of the effective methods in in vitro studies to maintain the PIVCs patency. The aim of this study was to inve...

[ 266 ] - Orthodontic Treatment Need in 12-14 Year-Old School Students in Sari, Iran

Background and purpose: Malocclusion is the most prevalent dental anomaly that influences the function of affected people. As a common orthodontic index, the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Needs (IOTN) classifies the malocclusions according to occlusal indexes of an individual. This research aimed at evaluating the need for orthodontic treatment in students aged 12-14 years old in Sari using IO...

[ 267 ] - Epidemiologic Investigation of Acute Q Fever in North of Iran

 Background and purpose: Q fever is a worldwide zoonosis which is an endemic in many regions. Its diagnosis is usually missed especially in human. This research aimed at investigating acute Q fever among suspected patients in northern Iran. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 56 suspected cases of Q fever selected from 476 febrile patients admitted in Qaemshahr R...

[ 268 ] - Psychometric Properties of the Persian Version of Midwives Self-Efficacy for Labor Support Scale

Background and purpose: The midwife's self-efficacy in supporting mothers during labor affects the onset of midwifery support in labor and childbirth. To date, there is no appropriate national instrument for measuring midwives self-efficacy of labor support in Iran. The present study aimed to investigate the factorial structure, validity and reliability of the Persian version of the self-effica...

[ 269 ] - Textbook Content Analysis Based on the Viewpoints of Dentistry Students: The Case of &quot;English for Dentistry Students&quot;

Background and purpose: Recognizing the educational needs of students determine their learning goals and leads to better design of course books and educational materials. In this regard, high quality textbooks are a real need. This study aimed to analyze the content of "English for Dentistry Students'' course book based on the viewpoint of dental students. Materials and methods: A descriptive ...

[ 270 ] - Molecular Detection of Leishmania spp. in Negative Smears of Patients with Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Bam, Southeast Iran

Background and purpose: There are various clinical forms of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and there is lack of access to diagnostic local laboratories especially in endemic regions. The present study aimed to conduct molecular examination of the typical and atypical clinical forms of CL in endemic area of Bam, Iran. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out between 2013 ...

[ 271 ] - Frequency of c.1905+1G>A Mutation in DPD Gene among Patients with Colorectal Cancer in Mazandaran Province

Background and purpose: 5-Flourouracil (5-FU) is one of the most common chemical drugs used in chemotherapy of patients with cancers. Dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) is a critical enzyme in the catabolism of 5-FU. More than 80% of the administered 5-FU is catabolized by DPD. c.1905+1G>A mutation on DPD gene is the most important mutation associated with DPD enzymatic deficiency which lead...

[ 272 ] - Influence of Demographic Characteristics, Shift Work, and Job Demands on Nurses Safety Attitude

Background and purpose: Patient safety culture is essential in preventing patient injuries in hospitals. Safety attitude is one of the valid tools used in assessment of safety culture among nurses. The purpose of this study was to investigate the nurses safety attitude and also understanding the effect of demographic characteristics, work shifts, and job demands on that. Materials and methods:...

[ 273 ] - Attitude of Nurses and Nursing Students to Spiritual Care in Iran: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Background and purpose: Attitude of nurses and nursing students toward spirituality and spiritual care is a major factor in meeting patients spiritual needs. This study aimed at investigating the attitude of nurses and nursing students toward spirituality and spiritual care in Iran using a meta-analysis. Materials and methods: National and international databases were searched using relevant k...

[ 274 ] - Correction to: Frequency of Psychiatric and Psychological Disorders in Patients with Type II Diabetes

Correction to: Frequency of Psychiatric and Psychological Disorders in Patients with Type II Diabetes     Mollod Eskandari Khanghahi1, Seyyed Hamzeh Hosseini2, Ozra Akha3, Mahdie Nasiri4   1 General Practitioner, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon Branch, Tonekabon, Iran 2 Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Mazandaran University of ...

[ 275 ] - Construction of the Recombinant Plasmid Expressing AID under the Control of Temperature-sensitive Promoter of Bacteriophage Lambda

Background and purpose: Activation-induced cytidine deaminase (AID) is a B-cell specific enzyme responsible for somatic hypermutation (SHM) and class switch recombination (CSR) of antibody genes within the B-cell follicle of peripheral lymphoid organs. Ectopic overexpression of the enzyme leads to mutations in non-B cells and Escherichia coli (E.coli) genes. However, induction of mutations in E...

[ 276 ] - Factors Affecting the Progression of Retinopathy in Type 2 Diabetes

Background and purpose: The aim of this study was to identify the factors affecting the progression of retinopathy in patients with type 2 diabetes. Materials and methods: In this historical prospective cohort study, 728 patients with type 2 diabetes, attending Sari Tooba Clinic, were followed up for retinopathy. Data analysis was performed using accelerated failure time Weibull regression mod...

[ 277 ] - Effects of Crocin on Oxidative Stress Indices in Rat Brain Demylated with Ethidium Bromide

Background and purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of crocin (Cr) on brain oxidative stress indices in animal model demyelinated with intracerebroventricular ethidium bromide (EB). Materials and methods: In an interventional study, female Wistar rats were randomly divided into 7 groups. Crocin administration was done 1 day after EB injection for 21 days. The value...

[ 278 ] - Antioxidant and Pro-oxidant Effects of Aminoguanidine on HepG-2 Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Line

Background and purpose: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most fatal cancers, so, proposing new anticancer agents is highly valuable. Production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) is increased in majority of cancers. Increase in ROS leads to cell damage and death. Aminoguanidine (AG) (pimagedine) is one of the compounds that can produce ROS at high concentrations. The present study was...

[ 279 ] - Daily Intake of Pesticide Residues in Melon and Watermelon Samples in Kashan, Iran

Background and purpose: Pesticides cause general concern due to their possible adverse results on human health. The aim of this study was to investigate different pesticides and also estimating daily intake of their residues in melon and watermelon samples in Kashan, Iran. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 62 melon and watermelon samples were collected from different fruit ...

[ 280 ] - Frequency of Mortality for Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting and Its Associated Factors in Mazandaran Heart Center

Background and purpose: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is used in treating coronary artery disease. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of mortality for CABG and its associated factors in Mazandaran Heart Center, Iran. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in 600 patients. Incidence of death was recorded during CABG and before discharge. Ass...

[ 281 ] - Treatment of Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus by Persian Medicine: A Case Report

Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is a chronic disease in adults. The standard treatment in this type of hydrocephalus is shunting which is accompanied by some complications and there is also uncertainty about response to treatment. Therefore, surgery is performed in only 10-20% of the cases with iNPH. Currently, oral acetazolamide and repetitive lumbar puncture for drainage of th...

[ 282 ] - Candida auris, an Emerging Fungal Pathogen

The emerging pathogen “Candida auris” is attracting considerable international attention due to its rising reports, transmission through health professionals, high rate of treatment failure and resistance to multiple antifungal agents, particularly fluconazole. In spite of the global emergence of C. auris, epidemiological data and true prevalence of infections due to this organism are not clear...

[ 283 ] - Newest Targets for Anticonvulsant Agents: An Overview

Epilepsy is a neurological condition characterized by recurrent seizures influencing about 1% of the worldwide population. Despite much progress in understanding the pathogenesis of epilepsy, the molecular basis of human epilepsy still remains unclear. Common approaches for pharmacotherapy of epilepsy are still directed towards controlling the symptoms and suppression of seizures. Clinical use ...

[ 284 ] - Inhibitory Effect of Coadministration of Silibinin and CpG-ODN2006 on Metastatic Characteristics (MMP-2 and TLR-9) of Hepatocarcinoma Cell Line

Background and purpose: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a most common liver malignancy and TLR9 (Toll-like receptor) is essential for CpG DNA-induced immune responses. The aim of this study was to assess the anti-metastatic effects of combined administration of silibinin and CpG-ODN2006 on human hepatocellular carcinoma HepG-2 cell line model.  Materials and methods: Inhibitory effects of va...

[ 285 ] - Relationship between CO2 Concentration and Environmental Parameters with Sick Building Syndrome in School and House Settings in Babol, Iran

Background and purpose: Lack of healthy air in classrooms and homes will reduce the level of health and disrupts students’ learning. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between CO2 concentration and other environmental parameters with sick building syndrome in schools and homes in Babol, north of Iran, 2018. Materials and methods: To measure carbon dioxide, temperature, and...

[ 286 ] - Comparing the Effect of Talks and Motivational Interviews on Self-efficacy of Exclusive Maternal Breastfeeding in Primiparous Women

Background and purpose: Breastfeeding self-efficacy is the feeling of confidence of the mother to experience exclusive breastfeeding. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of talks and motivational interviews on breastfeeding self-efficacy in primiparous women. Materials and methods: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted in 210 primeval pregnant women attending Torb...

[ 287 ] - Knowledge and Attitudes of Hypertensive Patients on the Use of Traditional and Complementary Medicine

Background and purpose: High prevalence of hypertension (HTN) and its detrimental effects have resulted in more use of traditional and complementary medicine. This study aimed to investigate the knowledge and attitudes of hypertensive patients on the use of traditional and complementary medicine. Materials and methods: This descriptive study was performed in 400 hypertensive patients attending...

[ 288 ] - Effect of Counseling based on Cognitive Behavioral Approach on Self-esteem of Hysterectomized Women of Reproductive Ages

  Background and purpose: Hysterectomy is the second most common cause of surgery in women of reproductive ages. Evidence show that women who undergo hysterectomy suffer from psychological and physical illnesses. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of counseling with cognitive-behavioral approach on self-esteem of hysterectomized women of reproductive ages. Materials and methods...

[ 289 ] - Protective Effect of Zataria Multiflora Boiss against Cisplatin-Induced Hematotoxicity in Mice

Background and purpose: Cisplatin (CP) is an anticancer drug that cause hematological changes. Zataria Multiflora Boiss (ZM) has antioxidant property. The preset study was done to determine the protective effect of ZM against hematological changes induced by Cisplatin in mice. Materials and methods: Thirty two adult male mice (25-30 g) were divided into 4 groups: the control group received nor...

[ 290 ] - Brain Structural Changes Caused by Autism Spectrum Disorder Based on Volumetric Analysis of Magnetic Resonance Images: A Review Study

Background and purpose: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a psychiatric disorder which occurs in early years of life and causes various individual and social problems. Early detection of autism would help in taking necessary precautions and preventing its adverse side effects. Methods & Materials: In this paper, we reviewed the articles that have investigated brain structural changes caused by...

[ 291 ] - Materia Introduction of Effective Medicines on Kidney Stones in Persian Medicine

Kidney and urinary tract stones are the most painful diseases of the urinary system that affect the quality of life. At present, various treatments such as medications, crushing and surgical treatments are used which are not effective in some cases or have some complications. Therefore, more efficient and less costly treatments are preferred. In Persian Medicine, the disease is widely investiga...

[ 292 ] - Correction to: Relationship between Air Pollution and Mortality Rate due to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases in Mashhad, Iran

Correction to: Relationship between Air Pollution and Mortality Rate due to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Diseases in Mashhad, Iran     Narges Ghorbani1, Jamshid Yazdani-Charati2,  Siavash Etemadinejad3, Nasrin Ghorbani4   1 PhD Student in Biostatistics, Student Research Committee, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran 2 Associate Professor, Department of Biostatistics,...

[ 293 ] - Dimensional changes of three-unit implant-supported zirconia frameworks from scanning to sintering

Background and Aims: Passive fitness of implant frameworks are important factors for long-term success of dental implant restorations. The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the dimensional changes of implant supported zirconia frameworks fabricated by Zirkonzahn CAD/CAM system during fabrication stages. Materials and Methods: The master model of 3-unit FDP was made of two implant abut...

[ 294 ] - DMFT and SiC Indices in 15-years-old female students in the city of Rasht, Iran

Background:DMFT index is the most common caries detecting index worldwide. The aim of present study was to determine DMFT as well as the prevalence of highest caries rate or Significant Caries Index (SiC), among 15 years of age female students in the city of Rasht, Iran. Materials and methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 228 female students were selected using stratified multi-st...

[ 295 ] - Midwives’knowledge and practice about oral health in pregnant women,infants and children in Kerman

Background:Maintaining oral health during pregnancy is considered as one of the most important public health issues for mother and children. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the knowledge and practice of midwives about oral health in pregnant women,infants and children in Kerman. Materials and methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on 118 midwives in Kerman wh...

[ 296 ] - Attitude of Kerman dental students towards electronic learning and related factors

Background:In recent years information, communication technology  and electronic learning  have been gain a big role in higher educational level.The aim of the present study was to assessment of Kerman dental students attitude about electronic learning. Materials and methods:This cross-sectional study was carried on 307 dental students, who selected through census sampling method. Data were col...

[ 297 ] - Epidemiologic study of dental trauma in patients presenting to the dental clinic of School of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences during 2011-2018.

Background:Epidemiologic knowledge can signify the importance of prevention, diagnosis and treatment planning. This study aimed to assess the frequency of dental trauma, type of injury, type of treatment performed and time of admission of dental trauma patients presenting to the School of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences during 2011-2018.   Materials and methods: In this retr...

[ 298 ] - Evaluation of health care providers knowledge on importance of preventive orthodontic treatment Original Article

Background:Assessing the knowledge and performance of school health care providers as a means to protect the health of students and identifying barriers to the implementation of oral health programs and the awareness of school health care providers regarding the prevention of oral and dental illness to promote the health of students is important and It is necessary in this research to determine...

[ 299 ] - Dentin Dysplasia: ARare Case Report

Introduction: Dentin Dysplasia is one of the rare hereditary diseases that the enamel is normal, but it also affects the dentin and  the shape of the tooth pulp. Due to the low prevalence of this disease, a case of dentin dysplasia with the classical and atypical dentin dysplasia type 1 is presented. Case presentation:A 11-year-old girl with the mobility of lower central teeth that has severe ...

[ 300 ] - IDENTIFYING THE REAL NEEDS OF DIABETIC CHILDREN FOR A BETTER LIFE AND ASSESS THE ALIGNMENT OF COUNTRY RESEARCH ACTIVITIES WITH THESE NEEDS; HI INVENTOR PROJECT

Background: The main problem of modern humans is non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, etc. Diabetes has the highest prevalence. It imposes many costs on society and the patient. Diabetics have special needs for a better life; hence, the researcher's aim is to accomplish them by defining researches and technology missions. Our purpose was to understand the real nee...

[ 301 ] - THE EFFECT OF 4 WEEKS’ AEROBIC TRAINING ON THE CONTENT OF MTORC1 SIGNALING PATHWAY PROTEINS IN HEART TISSUE OF TYPE 1 DIABETES RATS

Background: The mTORC1 pathway is one of the important pathways for protein synthesis in the heart, which can lead to physiological or pathological hypertrophy. Diabetes can lead to defects in this pathway. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of 4 weeks’ aerobic training on the content of mTORC1 signaling pathway proteins in heart tissue of type 1 diabetes rats. Methods: In this ...

[ 302 ] - INVESTIGATION ON THE SAFETY OF AMNIOTIC MEMBRANE EXTRACTS IN IMPROVING DIABETIC FOOT ULCERS (PHASE 1 CLINICAL TRIAL STUDY)

Background: For nearly 100 years, amniotic membranes have been used to treat various types of skin wounds. Amniotic extract is one of the derivatives of amniotic membrane that contains all the properties of amniotic membrane. The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of the amniotic membrane extract in the treatment of diabetic ulcers. Methods: This study was an Open labeled clinical tr...

[ 303 ] - THE EFFECT OF ENDURANCE TRAINING IN MATERNAL METABOLIC SYNDROME WITH METFORMIN ON OXIDANT AND ANTIOXIDANT CAPACITY IN THEIR NEONATES

Background: High oxidative stress in pregnant women leads to pathogenesis or progression of disease in newborns. The aim of this study was to investigate the Effect of Endurance Training in Maternal Metabolic Syndrome with Metformin on Oxidant and antioxidant Capacity in their Neonates. Methods: To implementation of this experimental research, 16 female Wistar rats weighing 100 ± 20 gr randoml...

[ 304 ] - COMPARE THE EFFECT OF 8 WEEKS OF AEROBIC INTERVAL TRAINING AND GLYCOGOL CONSUMPTION ON SERUM APELIN AND INSULIN RESISTANCE IN WOMEN WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES

Background: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks of aerobic exercise and supplementation of gensing on homocysteine levels, tiroid hormon and insulin resistant in obese women with hypothyroidism. Methods: This study is quasi-experimental study. For this purpose, 40 obese women with hypothyroidism with an average age of 34.62 ± 3.55 years, weight 80.47 ± 3.85 k...

[ 305 ] - The Role of Convergence Sciences in Medicine

Convergence Medicine is a new educational, research and therapeutic branch in medicine that could lead to important changes and innovations both in research and clinical care medicine. This new technology was initiated in 2014 and rapidly expanded throughout the world. Convergence Medicine was planned following Converging Technologies in Science [Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Informatics Techn...

[ 306 ] - The Effects of Exercise Therapy on Functional Status in Patients with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Background: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is one of the most commonly encountered peripheral nerve ending disorders that occurs after compression or strangulation of the median nerve in the wrist tunnel. The functional status is greatly impaired in the daily activities of a patient with Carpal Tunnel Syndrome and may cause problems for the subjects. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate ...

[ 307 ] - Evaluation of CXCL10 and CXCL11 Genes in Patients with Celiac Disease by Specific Primer Paris

Background: Celiac Disease (CD) is a T cell-mediated disorder. Recent studies suggest the role of chemokines CXCL10 and CXCL11 to promote the arrival of cells into inflamed tissues and in lymphocytic recruitment in active CD. The aim of this study was to investigate the new specific primer pairs for analysis of human CXCL10 and CXCL11 genes in blood samples of CD patients by Polymerase Chain Re...

[ 308 ] - Evaluation of CXCL10 and CXCL11 Genes in Patients with Celiac Disease by Specific Primer Paris

Background: Celiac Disease (CD) is a T cell-mediated disorder. Recent studies suggest the role of chemokines CXCL10 and CXCL11 to promote the arrival of cells into inflamed tissues and in lymphocytic recruitment in active CD. The aim of this study was to investigate the new specific primer pairs for analysis of human CXCL10 and CXCL11 genes in blood samples of CD patients by Polymerase Chain Re...

[ 309 ] - Management of Latent Tuberculosis in Iran

Although screening, finding and treatment of active cases of tuberculosis is very important for control of disease in the community, for reaching to the goals planed by world health organization and approaching to elimination of the disease, it is necessary to find and treat persons with latent infection. Concerning to high prevalence of latent TB in developing countries and resource limitation...

[ 310 ] - Drug Therapy in Patients with Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension

Background: Chronic Thromboembolic Pulmonary Hypertension (CTEPH) results from the obstruction of predominantly major pulmonary vessels by organized blood clots and is one of the causes of pulmonary hypertension. The disease is still underdiagnosed and the true prevalence is not clear. The objective of this study was to determine the clinical characteristics and current management of patients w...

[ 311 ] - The Effectiveness of Dialectical Behavior Therapy on Emotion Regulation, Positive and Negative Affect, Aggressive and Self-Injury Behavior of 13-16 Year Old Female Students

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) on emotion regulation, positive and negative affection, aggressive behavior and self-harm in female students. Methods: The research method was experimental with pretest-post-test design with experimental and control groups. The statistical population of the study included all 13- to...

[ 312 ] - Evaluation and Comparison of Job Stress Level among Security Workers with Fixed and Shift Work Schedules in Municipality of Tehran

Background: Considering the important role of rest and absence of tension in working environment and consequently promotion of working efficiency, finding ways with the best choices to reduce job stress, seems necessary. Municipality of Tehran with a huge number of employees and with the aim to reduce stress and promote work efficiency is studying this matter seriously. The aim of the present s...

[ 313 ] - The Effectiveness of Behavioral Activation (BA) on Psychological Well-being and Psychological Flexibility in Female Students

Background: The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of Behavioral Activation (BA) on psychological well-being and psychological flexibility in girl students in Tehran city. Methods: In a pretest-post-test test and follow-up with a control group, 30 girl students from Tehran city were selected through Multi-stage cluster and randomly divided to either BA (n=15) and  control group...

[ 314 ] - The Role of Three Dimensional Transvaginal Ultrasound in Detection of Intrauterine Device Displacement in Post Caesarean Section: A Case Report

Intrauterine Devices (IUDs) are used as an efficient and inexpensive method of contracep¬tion. Contraceptive efficacy depends on the intrauterine location of IUD and intrauterine displacement of the IUD leads to decreased contraceptive efficacy. Expulsion of IUD and its penetration into myometrium is one of the complications of IUD. In cases where IUDs are not detected by ultrasound method, in ...

[ 315 ] - Bone Tissue Engineering: a Mini-Review

Despite advances in bone tissue engineering, auto grafts from intra-oral or extra-oral donor sites are still the gold standard for treatment of large craniomaxillofacial defects. Biomaterial development, application of growth factor, and stem cells, open new gateway to bone regeneration studies, but real translation from bench to bedside have not yet happened. In this review article, a number o...

[ 316 ] - Evaluation of Women’s Satisfaction with the Ministry of Health’s Performance in Relation to Fertility Management and Relationship with Individual Factors

Background: The possible consequences of a sharp decline in fertility, has forced the community leaders and policy makers to revise policies in regard to encouraging the population to give birth to children. The aim of this study was to determine the satisfaction of the people from childbearing government policies in recent years. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed o...

[ 317 ] - The Effect of Health Transform Plan on Satisfaction of Waiting Time and Continuation of Receiving Maternal Health Services in Clients of Community Health Centers of Iran University of Medical Sciences

Background: Fertility care, pre-pregnancy, pregnancy period and postpartum care play a very important role in the early diagnosis and timely and effective treatment of pregnancy and postpartum complications. This study was conducted to assess the effect of health transform plan on satisfaction of waiting time and continuation of receiving maternal health services in clients of community health ...

[ 318 ] - Evaluation of the Pattern of Adherence to Levothyroxine Use and Effect of Education via Pamphlet in Hypothyroidism Patients

Background: Poor adherence is one of causes of inadequate response in patients under treatment with levothyroxine. The aim of present study was to evaluate the effect of individualized patients’ education and giving a pamphlet regarding the proper usage of levothyroxine on patient’s adherence. Methods: A total number of 200 patients who consumed levothyroxine were included to evaluate their ad...

[ 319 ] - Gastritis Cystica Polyposa: Case Report

Endoscopic evaluation of a 51 year old woman, who had referred with a 6-months complaint of epigastric pain and fullness in the upper abdomen, demonstrated a large polyp in the greater curvature of the middle third of the stomach. The size of the pedunculated polyp was about 25 mm. Polypectomy was done by snar base and diluted epinephrine was injected submucosally and in to the stem and polyp r...

[ 320 ] - Exposure Assessment to Environmental Pollutants in Human Health Risk Assessment Studies; Overview on New Approaches

Background & objectives: Because of human exposure to various environmental risk factors during the lifetime, the actual exposure estimation has been considered as one of the most important challenges for researchers and decision makers. Considering the contribution of environmental risk factors in the burden of diseases, this study aimed to provide new approaches in exposure assessment filed b...

[ 321 ] - The Effect of Educational Program on Physical Activity and Sleep in Hemodialysis patients: Applying the Self-Efficacy Theory

Background & objectives: Hemodialysis patients with a regular physical activity and proper sleep show better physical and mental health. As increasing self-efficacy of patients can increase these behaviors, this study was aimed to evaluate the effect of the self-efficacy theory on physical activity and sleep in hemodialysis patients. Methods: This research was an interventional study performed ...

[ 322 ] - Removal of Heavy Metals from Urban Sewage Sludge Using Acidophilic Thiobacillus ferrooxidans

Background & objectives: The presence of heavy metals in urban sewage sludge limits its use as a soil modifier. The purpose of this study was to remove heavy metals (Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb) from urban sewage sludge using Acidophilic Thiobacillus ferrooxidans bacteria. Methods: In this experimental study, the sludge samples were collected from Shiraz wastewater treatment plant. Bioleaching tests were...

[ 323 ] - Removal of 4-Nitrophenol and Organic Dyes from Aqueous Solution Using Ag/ZnO Nanocomposite Prepared by Euphorbia peplus L. Extract

Background & objectives: Nitroanene compounds and toxic dyes are considered major pollutants in sewage of various industries. These synthetic organic compounds are highly toxic and one of the most resistant pollutants in the environment. Developing a simple and effective method to destroy non-biodegradable pollutants into non-hazardous products is one of the major challenges in environmental st...

[ 324 ] - Assessment of Medical Waste Management (A Case Study of Hospitals in Ardabil)

Background & objectives: Medical wastes are of great significance due to their potential environmental impacts. This study aimed to examine the medical waste management in hospitals of Ardabil city in 2016. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, hospitals of Ardabil city (7 hospitals) were studied. Initial data were obtained from library information, observation and checklist. Also, the quanti...

[ 325 ] - Evaluation of Soil Pollution with Heavy Metals (Pb, Zn, Cu, Cr, Ni and V) in Ahvaz Parks (2016)

Background & objectives: Heavy metals in urban parks are one of the most important indicators of urban pollution, as children playing in the park can readily be affected. This research was conducted to evaluate the environmental pollution of some heavy metals in Ahvaz parks. Methods: To this end, 26 sampling stations were selected from 20 parks in Ahvaz city and the soil samples were analyzed b...

[ 326 ] - The study of Relationship between Mental Work Load and Sleep Quality in Video Display Terminals Users

Background & objectives: One of the factors affecting the performance of video display terminal users is their mental work load. Since low sleep quality causes fault and decreased accuracy in work, this study aimed to evaluate the relationship between mental work load and sleep quality in video display terminals users. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was performed on 191 video d...

[ 327 ] - The mental health promotion programs and strategies used in US, UK, Russia and Iran’s military organizations: systematic review

Background and Aim: Military staff are exposed to high levels of stress, and as such, and their mental health has long been an area of focus. The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare mental health promotion programs and strategies used in American, British and Russian military organizations, to those used in Iranian military organizations. Methods: This study was a systematic re...

[ 328 ] - Factors affecting the evaluation of teachers by systematic and Delphi methods in the military university in Tehran

Background and Aim: Assessing the quality and evaluation of university professors is important to provide feedback on basic decision making, educational analysis and comprehensive and strategic planning for education officials. The purpose of this study was to identify factors affecting the evaluation of teachers at a military university. Methods: This study was conducted using systematic and D...

[ 329 ] - The Relationship between Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment in Hospitals of Iran: A Meta-analysis

Background and Objective: Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment effects in increasing patient’s satisfaction and improving the performance of hospitals. This study aimed to identify a meta-analysis of the relationship between Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment in Iran. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted using a meta-analysis. All published articles on relation...

[ 330 ] - The Types and Causes of Medication Error and Barriers in Reporting it in Internship Nursing Students in Hamadan Nursing Midwifery Faculty

Background and Objective: The risk of medication errors in internship nursing students is due to independence in practice that identification of medication errors is essential for protecting patient safety. The aim of this study was to investigate the types and causes of medication error and barriers in reporting it in internship nursing students. Materials and Methods: This Descriptive-analyt...

[ 331 ] - The Postgraduate Students’ Viewpoint on the Implementation and Launch of Virtual Learning; A Case Study of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences

Background and Objective: Given the importance of its achievements and endless and low-cost expansion of the educational system, virtual education is considered as one of the issues raised by the information communities. The purpose of this study was to examine the viewpoint of postgraduate students about the implementation of virtual education, which will play a decisive role in the success or...

[ 332 ] - Investigation of Antibiotic Resistance Pattern of Bacteria Causing the Urinary Tract Infection in Urine Samples of Patients Admitted in and Referred to Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Hamadan

Background and Objective: Urinary tract infection is the second most common cause of infection in the human body. Among the causes of urinary tract infection, Escherichia coli is the most common bacteria causing the urinary tract infection in both genders (male and female). Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the antibiotic resistance pattern of bacteria causing urinary tract infe...

[ 333 ] - Measurement of Iodine in Consumed Salts at the Distribution Level and Assessing Post-Training Attitude Status in Providers in Qom

Background and Objective: In order to properly grow the body, the production of thyroxin hormones and Etc. are highly dependent on iodine level. This study was conducted to measure the iodine level in edible salts consumed by food supply centers and training operators to evaluate their performance. Materials and Methods: This semi-experimental study was carried out in Qom city during the perio...

[ 334 ] - Comparison of Strategic Plans of Universities and Institutes of Higher Education with a Quantitative Approach

Strategic planning in Iranian universities and institutes of higher education is generally prepared using strategic planning models introduced by experts and other universities. These programs will be published in the form of university strategic planning documents. These documents have such features that can be similar or different than the programming templates used. Existence of the similar...

[ 335 ] - A Qualitative Study on the Necessity of Transition from Discipline-based Model to Knowledge-based One in Farhangian University

This paper seeks to analyze the debate of two models in educational management, the discipline-centered and knowledge-based tradition, with an emphasis on the structural and modality differences between Daneshsar and Farhangian University, according to Michel Foucault's view of discipline and correction policies. In this paper, the qualitative and in particular the Grounded theory are used, and...

[ 336 ] - Identifying the Consequences of Formation and Development of Shadow Education in the Educational System: A Phenomenological Study

Ambiguity in the philosophy of education and failure to meet the requirements, on the one hand, and the lack of background and anxiety for the institutionalization of educational philosophy in the educational system and the illiterate outbreak of the tendency to develop testing skills in the students on the other hand has risks at the individual and social levels. This study conducted a semi-st...

[ 337 ] - Designing Professional Consulting Model in Iran's Universities

The purpose of the present paper was to design the professional consulting model in Iranian universities. The current study was conducted with a qualitative design based on Grounded Theory qualitative method. The statistical population of the research consisted of key informants and experts in five groups: political, managerial, sociology, economic, and specialists. As this research is an explo...

[ 338 ] - To Identify the Effective Components on Policymaking based on Market-place in Iran's Higher Education

The main aim of this research was to identify effective components on policymaking based on the market-place in Iran's higher education. The research methodology was qualitative and Grounded Theory, and the data gathering tool was a semi-structured interview. The sampling method was purposive and 40 researchers and specialists of  technology, research and sciences ministry and universities of H...

[ 339 ] - A Process for Developing the Statement of Internet Research Ethics based on Action Research Method

Background: Research ethics in cyberspace or Internet research ethics (IRE) is a subset of applied ethics that aims to study, introduce, and apply ethical codes for guiding research activities in cyberspace. The compilation of the ethical statement is based on two methods of documentary research and action research. The action research process is implemented in four stages: 1) diagnosis, 2) act...

[ 340 ] - Ethical Principles for Using Laboratory Rat in Scientific Researches

Background: Advancements made in medicine during centuries have been disclosed importance of using animal for research in biology. Appropriate conduction of animal researches needs skilled and experienced researchers who are aware of principles for using laboratory animals. Regarding scientific activities, ethical considerations for using of animals in experiments that are associated with pain ...

[ 341 ] - Professional Ethics as an Effective Indicator on Organizational Entrepreneurship Pattern

Background: Implementation of an organizational entrepreneurship pattern, by determining the effective indicators on it is an important social issue in organization. Indicators give identity to an organizational entrepreneurship pattern. As an effective indicator, professional ethics can be an important motivational tool in the organization, and professional ethics can be an appropriate platfor...

[ 342 ] - Relationship between the Online Social Networks Addiction and Psychological Disorders

Background: The Online social networks addiction like others type of addiction can lead to ethical dilemmas, as well as it can be affected from psychological disorders. So, the aim of this research is to analyze the effect of depression, anxiety and usage time of online social networks on the level of online social networks addiction and on the life satisfaction. Method: The method of research ...

[ 343 ] - Effectiveness of Training Self-control Ethics on Reducing Aggression of Male Students

Background: One of the required conditions for creating and maintaining a satisfactory social relationship is the ability to regulate and control individual behavior in ways that meet the others’ needs and feelings, and when they are angry, they cannot harm anyone and control themselves, which called this behavior as Self-control. The main aim of this research was to determine the effectiveness...

[ 344 ] - Predictability of Nurses Ethical Behavior from Human Resource Management Practices

Background: Today, commitment to ethical behavior is one of the most important concerns of patient care and medical field. The HR managers try to improve the ethical climate in this domain by using effective strategies and practices. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the predictability of nurses' ethical behavior by HRM activities by using the public health service networks. Metho...

[ 345 ] - Relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation and employee Performance: Emphasis on Mediated role of Employees’ Ethical Virtuousness

Background: In today's competitive world and to achieve maximum efficiency, organizations regardless of their size are forced to improve their human performance and thus improve their performance. This requires attention to many factors, including the factors such as entrepreneurial orientation and the virtuousness of staff that is on component of ethics. So, the aim of this study is to investi...

[ 346 ] - Relationship between Professional Ethics with Learning and Intentional Organizational Forgetting: Mediating Role of Sharing Knowledge ‎

Background: Todays, professional ethics was recommended one of the variables that can effect on another organization perspectives, therefore the aim of present study was to study the correlation of professional ethics with learning and intentional organizational forgetting in staff sport offices in Isfahan province, considering the mediating role of knowledge sharing. Method: This is an applied...

[ 347 ] - Relationship between Dimensions of Spirituality (as ethics) in the Workplace with Organizational Health and Organizational Trust

Background: Spirituality in the workplace is one of the important and effective variables on the performance and behavior of staff. Therefore, this study tries to investigate the relationship between dimensions of spirituality in the workplace with organizational health and organizational trust among nurses. Method: The method of research was correlation-descriptive. Population of the study inc...

[ 348 ] - Analyzing the Relationship between Spirituality in the workplace and Corruption; Mediating role of Professional Ethics

Background: Corruption, like any other social and economic phenomenon, depends on many complex factors and processes that cover a wide range of issues. The purpose of this study was to model the structural equations of the relationship between spirituality in the workplace and corruption with the mediating role of professional ethics. Method: The research method is descriptive -correlation. The...

[ 349 ] - Predicting Work Consciousness as an Ethical Principle based on Value-based Leadership Component

Background: work consciousness and value-based leadership are the main variables that more attended by researchers. Therefore, the present study investigates the relationship between work consciousness and value-based leadership studied in Urmia university to predict the leadership components based on values.‎ Method: This study is an applied descriptive – correlation research. The population o...

[ 350 ] - Mediated Role of Psychological Capital in Ethical Leadership and Job Burnout of Teachers

Background: Today, there are various forms of mental and nervous stresses in organizations. One of the immediate consequences of stress and psychological pressures is job burnout phenomenon. This study aimed to investigate the mediating role of psychological capital in relation to ethical leadership and burnout among teachers of Zeyduon town. Method: This study is descriptive –correlation resea...

[ 351 ] - Relationship between Social Responsibility with Ethical Reputation and Brand Equity; Mediating Role of Trust

Background: In today's competitive market place, corporate social responsibility has become an important issue for all stakeholders. On the other hand, factors such as customers trust, ethical reputation and brand equity are critical to company's success. So, the purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between social responsibility with ethical reputation and brand equity with...

[ 352 ] - Analyzing the Relationship between Machiavellianism and Unethical Behaviors: Mediating Role of Abusive Supervisor

Background: The purpose of this study is examining the relationship between Machiavellianism and unethical behavior emphasizing the moderating role of abusive supervisor among employees of Aliabad Katoul Islamic Azad University. Method: The current research method is descriptive-correlation. Participants of this research project included 129 employees of Aliabad Katoul Islamic Azad University. ...

[ 353 ] - The Relationship between Ethical Leadership and Individual Performance: Mediating Role of Organizational Commitment

Background: In the today's world, individual performance is affected by moral issues and human interaction, which should prevail in organizations. The role of ethical leadership in internalization of moral roles and impact on staff’s commitment and promotion of performance, is very important. The ethical leader can have a fundamental role in the training of positive emotions and responsibility ...

[ 354 ] - Analyzing of the relationships between Work Ethics and organizational commitment by meditating organizational justice

Background: Organizational commitment has attracted the attention of many researchers as one of the main issues in managing the organizations. Therefore, the study of this concept requires the consideration of numerous influential factors. In this regard, the present study was conducted to analyze the relationship between professional ethics, organizational commitment, and organizational justic...

[ 355 ] - The Relationship between Cultural Intelligence and Professional Ethics

Background: Cultural intelligence is effective on professional ethics in the workplace. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between cultural intelligence and professional ethics in the workplace. Method: Correlation study and statistical society includes 715 employees of a governmental organization, 250 of them were randomly selected as relative sample. In this ...

[ 356 ] - Effects of 10-Week Concurrent Training on Insulin Resistance and the Serum Levels of Vaspin and Visfatin in Overweight Females

Aims The present study investigated the effects of a 10-week concurrent training on the serum levels of vaspin and visfatin in overweight females.  Methods & Materials Twenty-four over-weight females from Kerman City, Iran (Mean±SD age: 11.23±0.62 years; Mean±SD weight: 64.83±2.70kg; Mean±SD BMI: 27.97±0.47 kg/m2) were randomly assigned into the control and concurrent training groups. The inte...

[ 357 ] - The Effect of Discontinuation of Angiotensin-II Receptor Blocker on Therapeutic Effect of Synthetic Erythropoietin on Anemia Modification in Hemodialysis Patients

Aims The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of discontinuation of losartan in response to synthetic erythropoietin therapy on hemoglobin level in patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Methods & Materials This study was a pre-and post-interventional clinical trial. The population of the study was hemodialysis patients with chronic renal failure. In the beginning of the study, and thre...

[ 358 ] - The Effect of Purslane Ointment on Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in the Elderly

Aims Chronic musculoskeletal pain is among the major problems of old age. An effective nursing intervention in relieving pain is the use of local herbal ointments. The present study evaluated the effect of purslane ointment on chronic musculoskeletal pain in the elderly. Methods & Materials This was a randomized, blinded clinical trial study and conducted in 2018, on 60 elderly residents of Go...

[ 398 ] - Analyzing the causes of low participation of rural women by using mixed method Case: rural district of Sina in Varzeghan County

Introduction The idea of "ignoring economic labor" of rural women and their role in providing households' financial and non-financial resources is deeply ingrained in cultural fabric of our society that is hardly possible to change the notion of "men being sole breadwinners". The rate of women participation in the employment and labor market is much less than men. This is due to the presence...

[ 399 ] - Influence of rural socio-cultural changes on rural housing Case: Neka County

Introduction In the past half century, major changes have occurred in the appearance of villages of the country. Most of these changes were related to residential architecture. New cultural plan aims at providing a new look at cultural issues in rural communities, fighting against social deprivation, fighting against nihilism in geographical perspectives, providing the opportunity to develop...

[ 400 ] - Economic and social consequences of agricultural mechanization in rural settlements Case: rural district of South Astarābād in Gorgan County

Introduction Todays, the importance of agricultural development and putting more value on it, unlike past days, is concluded from the fact that in the process of economic development program, an increasing attention is given to social welfare goals in addition to other goals of increasing revenue. In every society, at times of population increase, the increase of agricultural products, which...

[ 401 ] - An analysis of the effects of the subsidies targeting on rural households; applying the approach of sustainable livelihoods in Kalat and Binalud County

Introduction According to general census in 2011, rural population of the country has been over 21 million and 603 thousand people. Considering the per capita monthly subsidy equivalent to 455,000 riyals, it can be resulted that in the first three years of the project, over 353 trillion has been allocated to rural community. Calculations show that this amount is equivalent to 2.4% of the tot...

[ 402 ] - Evaluating the performance of institutions and organizations related to rural sustainability Case: Dehdez district in Izeh County

Introduction One of the necessary principles of rural development is its management. A special approach of development is needed to be planned for every particular area. On the other hand, it is not useful to apply an integrated approach of development by new managing systems. At this point we can clearly understand the important role of institutions and organizations related to the structur...

[ 403 ] - Analyzing Physical and Economic Impacts of Rural Guide Plans Case: Villages of Kermanshah County

Introduction One of the implemented plans in this case is the rural guide plan which is prepared and implemented by Islamic Revolution Housing Foundation since 1362. Guide plan, as an outer variable, has impacts on rural structures including these four dimensions: physical, economic, social and environmental. In villages of Kermanshah County, lack of educational, health care and business ser...

[ 404 ] - Recognizing Optimality Criteria in Financing Institutions Forest-Mountain Area of Eastern Bandpey, Babol County

Introduction After land reform, some actions have been done for rural finance by creating financial institutions such as credit cooperatives, Agriculture Bank and interest-free loan funds which were not successful in improving poor people livelihood. The studied area in this study includes a forest-mountain area that have small and sporadic villages and they are far from rural-urban continuu...

[ 405 ] - A Comprehensive Framework in Sustainability Assessment of Agricultural Exploitation Systems

Introduction Lack of a comprehensive framework is one of the most important challenges in sustainability assessment of Agricultural Exploitation Systems. This is the reason of tunnel vision in many researches in the field of sustainability. The history of Agricultural Exploitation Systems in Iran is back to thousands years ago, when ancient Iranian tried to domesticate wild animals and cerea...

[ 406 ] - Spatial Analysis and Quantitative Assessment of Rural Housing Indicators in Iran

Introduction Housing has been one of the most essential needs of human life for a long time and it is one of the most important symbols of civilization and culture. Providing a shelter which is safe and secure is everyone’s ambition and to reach to this aim, human beings have used many different methods and technologies to improve the quality and quantity of housing. Through time passage and...

[ 407 ] - Spatial Function of Small Cities in Relation to Surrounding Villages Case: Sarbisheh County

Introduction The role of cities in rural development is determined by rural-urban relations, so ruralurban relations affect both urban changes and rural changes. The relation between city centers and the surrounding rural areas includes people, commodities, money and information as well as social, economic and cultural interactions. New paradigms for development, consider networks and progre...

[ 408 ] - An analysis of the effects of religious tourism in rural areas Case: Oji Abad village, Amol County

Introduction Tourism industry cannot be only considered as a way of recreation and escaping from daily routines. Of course, by use of strategic planning and principles of sustainable development in tourism, we can develop the economy of countries. So far, tourism industry has been gradually developed in all parts of human society. Moreover, its connection with society and different aspects o...

[ 409 ] - Barriers to social and economic empowerment of rural households Case: patients protected by the Imam Khomeini Relief Committee in Sistan Region

Introduction Although poverty is a global problem, it is more drastic in villages and is considered as the most prominent problem of rural areas. Therefore, poverty alleviation, providing basic needs, and empowering the poor play important roles in rural development. In this way, rural development can be even introduced as an approach to poverty alleviation in rural areas. Regarding the fact...

[ 410 ] - Analysis of social capital of rural micro-credit fund Case: Bstaq village in Sarayan County

Introduction Sustainable development is actually a process towards sustainability. It can be conceptually classified within other concepts such as social reorganization, transition to a better future, conserving the quality of the environment, people empowerment, creating new capacities, and respecting indigenous knowledge and information. All these concepts are considered to be the main axi...

[ 411 ] - Assessing eco environmental effects of mining extractive industries on the sustainability of rural areas Case: villages surrounding Zanjan cement factory

Introduction Rural industrialization has been greatly discussed by researchers in recent studies of rural planning and development. It is due to its positive effects of economic, social and infrastructural factors. Moreover, researches are looking for ways to analyzed approaches to reduce harmful environmental impacts of industrial projects, as destructive life factors of geographical territ...

[ 412 ] - Spatial analysis of comparative advantage of major occupational groups of rural population in Iran

Introduction Regarding the fact that economic activities, in particular, and resources and facilities, in general, are poorly concentrated in terms of spatial distribution, every area requires a particular program corresponding to its specific conditions. In this way, before doing everything we need to identify the past and present situation of different regions based on appropriate scientif...

[ 413 ] - The effects of economic rural-urban relations on food security of rural households Case study: Zanjan County

Introduction The interaction and mutual cooperation of rural and urban areas in developing countries is different from the developed ones. The type of relations between villages and town can affect different aspects of rural lifestyle, one of them is its effect on food security. Researches show that the range of effectiveness of such relations include property, the use of new technology, suppo...

[ 414 ] - Study of the Impacts of Tourism on Rural Development Case Study: Ghoori-Ghale Village

Introduction Tourism can be a tool for rural development; because it can be considered as a new financial resource, it can improve the economic status of local people and it can be considered as a resource that removes poverty and creates more jobs. Tourism and rural development are also two interrelated factors which have positive impacts on each other when tourism development or rural deve...

[ 415 ] - Classification of Development Level in Villages of Marhamatabad Rural District, Miandoab County

Introduction Being developed or not, causes Iran's villages to face various challenges. This is so when widespread poverty and increasing lack of balance, unemployment growth, and low level of productivity are obvious in the country; Lack of balance between different regions in the process of development leads to Create gap and intensity of regional inequality which are considered as barrier...

[ 416 ] - Study of Impacts of Various Development Capitals on Social Capital Case Study: Villages Located in Razavi Khorasan Province

Introduction Common development capitals such as financial (economic) capitals, human capital, physical capital, environmental capital and social capital are considered as key elements in analyzing the potentials of development for people, organizations, societies and even governments. By presenting the concept of social capital, planning strategies are formed by cooperative, communicative a...

[ 417 ] - The Impacts of Hosing Improvement on Changes in Economic Performance of Rural Housing Case study: Shamshir Rural District located in Paveh County

Introduction In our country, inappropriate physical housing in villages is the result of "bad housing" that can be inferred as one of the most important challenges in rural development. This phenomenon is the result of inappropriate resilient construction, worn-out houses, pollutions because of coexistence of animals and human, sharing the living space with working place; and these issues ar...

[ 418 ] - Impacts of Drought on Rural District's Economy in Sirvan and Chardavol Counties

Introduction Drought is a natural disaster resulting in many damages to human life and natural ecosystems which is different from other kinds of disasters such as flood, hurricanes and earthquakes. As a result of this phenomenon, the level of surface water and ground water decrease dramatically and it is followed by various negative impacts on all aspects of villagers' life especially on eco...

[ 419 ] - Evaluation and Analysis of the Level of Infrastructure Development in Rural Areas of Ardabil Province

Introduction Regional development is one of those issues that have attracted lots of attentions by program-makers, especially the regional ones. A study on various levels of the major criterions including those of economic, social, cultural and health, particularly at regional level, is useful to determine the position of different regions, as it requires special considerations in regional l...

[ 420 ] - Socio- Economic Impacts of Micro- Credit Agriculture on Rural Areas Case: Rural district of Karasf

Introduction Considering the important role of agriculture sector in the rural economy, it has caused the development of rural economy in various environmental, social and economic aspects. Thus it can play a significant role in achieving sustainable rural development. To achieve such goals, a particular value must be given to natural, social, human and financial capital resources. Among the...

[ 421 ] - Role of Local Economy in Excess Flow and Reconstruction of Regional Network System Case: Kerman Province

Introduction Changes in spatial patterns and its structural and functional dynamics which is apparently obvious within physical links and relationships of cities and rural and urban network is fundamentally one of the outcomes of forces that contribute to the controlling process of actual mechanism of capital absorption, its flow, work forces, and population. Such forces play a significant r...

[ 422 ] - Evaluation and Comparison of Sustainability levels of Rice Production in Sari County

Introduction It is difficult to measure sustainable agriculture as a multidimensional concept. While it is relatively easy to express philosophical definitions of agriculture sustainability, providing an operational and methodology definition for evaluating the level of sustainability is difficult. Different methodological approaches have been formulated and developed to assess the sustainab...

[ 423 ] - Analysis of Effects of Tourism on Development Process of the Urban Villages Case: Serein County

Introduction In the last half-century, tourism has been considered as one of the most efficient factors in socioeconomic reconstruction and development of rural districts and non-urban areas. Tourism can be nominated as driver of peace, because it underlies friendship and mutual understanding between nations and brings peace without polluting the human environmental interactions unlike other...

[ 424 ] - Analysis of Agricultural Water Resources' capabilities in Rural Districts of Buin and Miandasht County

Introduction Water resources are maybe the most important and the most necessary available resource for human and agriculture section. Agriculture section with almost 11 percent of gross domestic production, 23 percent of employment, and more than 80 percent of feeding the people of the country has a vital role in Iran's economy. Water as the most important factor in agriculture section, has...

[ 425 ] - Spatial Inequalities Associated with the Development of Agricultural Sector in East Azerbaijan Province

Introduction Agriculture sector is actually known as an economic sector, as it is said that economic growth would be impossible in the absence of agriculture growth. Nowadays, by using accurate scientific researches as an inspiration source and investigating environment potentials and capabilities of every area we can achieve comprehensive agricultural development and principles. In this way...

[ 426 ] - The Impact of Financial Suppression upon Iranian Rural Poverty

 Introduction: Globalization, new pattern of global economy growth, weakness of welfare state along with cultural and thinking processes such as criticism regarding political economic system challenge prevailing economic development pattern, eradication of poverty and social welfare. This challenge resulted in proposing of rural social approach with emphasize on community based development p...

[ 427 ] - Employment Strategic Planning in Rural Area of Javanrood

Introduction: Many scholars believe that the creation of job opportunities is being considered as an important prerequisite for development and growth namely in developing countries. Lack of attention to this make societies step in eroding phase rather than thriving one. This in turn will lead to expansion of poverty. It is argued that achievement of sustainable development could be done thr...

[ 428 ] - The analysis of barriers regarding variations in economic activities of bordering villages located in Marivan

Introduction Lack of variations existed in economic settings and a job opportunity is being considered as the most significant characteristics of the rural country’s economic structures. It is argued that occurrence of variations in rural economic activities as an approach, could be considered as an appropriate measure in which most of the development theoricians believe in regarding the mit...

[ 429 ] - Shiraz Urban Sprawl and Its Structural-Functional Changes of Rural Neighborhood Case: Goyom village

Introduction: Urban sprawl is one kind of urban expansion or its characteristics, which has a negative general view. Based on given definitions, the most important characteristics of urban sprawl can be thought as low-density, strip like, diffuse, non-continues and land use segregation expansion. However, density is the most common criteria of urban sprawl that is derive by the comparison of...

[ 430 ] - Changes of agricultural economy and formation of urban ruralization Case: villages of Roobat Karim County

Introduction: Rural regions have experienced varied changes and social and economic reconstruction during last three decades. There exists great tendency toward functional integration between villages and cities due to increase in mobility, improvement in communication information as well as rural services. This in turn, resulted in the expansion of urban function including construction mass...

[ 431 ] - Influential factors related to practicality of entrepreneurial ideas Case: internships practitioners involved in rural education bases in Isfahan Province

Introduction: The formation of idea is being considered as a first step regarding the creation of new innovative thoughts in any organization. That is idea processing is an important phase regarding the development of new products as well as innovations. Idea about new products processes and markets create new opportunities which potentially is capable of new innovations. This in turn, accel...

[ 432 ] - The evaluation of social impacts of industrial towns over rural areas Case: Khayam industrial town

 Introduction: The achievement of technical improvement during last three decades is being considered as major reason regarding growth and development in developed countries. Practically, with respect to advanced countries, more emphasis is devoted to diversification of rural economy as far as sustainability issue is concerned. According to major researches, rural regions could not achieve s...

[ 433 ] - Spatial analysis regarding agricultural development in Khuzestan’s counties

Agricultural sector taking into account its high potential with respect to creation of value added as well as job opportunities from one hand, and provision of food security and its economic capabilities on the other hand has very predominant role in national economy. The identification and investigation of agricultural capabilities as well as the determination of development level are the firs...

[ 434 ] - The analysis of tourism development in rural settlements of Sari

The increasing rate of unemployment and young age bracket migration from relatively rural settlement are being considered as one of the most prominent threats in rural communities during past decades. It is argued that tourism provides high potential settling in this regard. It is capable of generating job opportunities and counter stream migration. Taking into consideration the existing potent...

[ 435 ] - The analysis of influential factors upon strengthening the economic role of councils regarding rural settlements Case: villages of Harsin County

New rural management and Islamic Councils are being considered as people-oriented institutions during last years with regard to rural economic development. This in turn, demands extra efforts for improvement of this institution status. The major objective of this study is to analyze the influential factors upon strengthening the economic role of these councils in rural area of Harsin (Kermansha...

[ 436 ] - The limitations and potentials of sustainable development regarding village of Eastern borders of Iran Case: Bandan district in Nehbandan County

Iran’s border villages are encountering with service deficiencies regarding social, economic and cultural dimensions. However, these entities are facing with foreign propaganda for enlarging border ethnic groups delimits and ignorance of these area’s capabilities and potentials. This in turn, requires more attentions toward bordering village. The major objective of this study is to investigate ...

[ 437 ] - Analysis of barriers to entrepreneurial development in rural areas: Bigelow Ghani district, city of Zanjan

Entrepreneurial activities in rural areas in spite of existence of appropriate and varied situation have not been institutionalized yet. It is argued that varied restrictions and barriers forced entrepreneurs to leave the rural areas. This paper aims to investigate the most important barriers regarding entrepreneurial activities in rural areas of Zanjan. From purpose stand point the research me...

[ 438 ] - Analysis of factors affecting the increase in income and employment for villagers in the Gilan province

The major objective of this paper is to identify and determine the factors responsible for increase in rural incomes and job offers in Gilan province. The research method is based on descriptive-analytical as well as applied approach. Statistical society composed of rural settlers in Gilan. At the beginning of process ٤٥ villages were extracted using stratified sampling technique for extracting...

[ 439 ] - Point of view of the agricultural information system towards organic products: the central district county of BoyerAhmad

Different approaches with regard to environmental protection and mitigation of negative impacts of development plans have been proposed during past decades. Organic agriculture as a production system is one of these. It applies minimum amount of artificial fertilizer, pesticides and additive hormones input. Taking into consideration Iran’s specific geographic, economic and social conditions, th...

[ 440 ] - Assess the compatibility of family farmers in times of drought: Drudframan district in the County of Kermanshah

Different countries have been affected harmfully by drought as a natural hazard affected by harmfully. Iran has been subjected by consequences of harmful drought consequences. It is argued that rural households due to their high level of dependency on agricultural economy are not well equipped to deal with this multi-dementia phenomenon. This study aims to evaluate the degree of the rural house...

[ 441 ] - Study and evaluation of effective factors on improvement of performance of rural production corporations Case: Khorasan Razavi Province

Khorasan Razavi Province is among provinces that has established several rural production corporations in recent decades. One of their main tasks of these corporations is to eliminate traditional filed structures and solving problems using new and modern agricultural tools. This paper studies the activities of RPC in Khorasan Razavi Province to achieve this goal. In this regard, performance of ...

[ 442 ] - Effects evaluation of social capital on rural poverty reduction Case: Ghobchagh village in Miyandoab County

Poverty as a socio-economic issue has unsuitable out ones in rural societies. It is said to be an abstract in the way to rural sustainable development. The aim of this paper is to evaluate the effects of social capital on rural poverty reduction in rural areas of Ghobchagh village in Miyandoab County. The method of this research is analytical-description. Data collection has performed through d...

[ 443 ] - The Assessment of Quality of Annexed Villages Environment in Sanandaj, case: Hasanabad and Nisar

The quality of urban environment is being considered as on the fundamental concerns and challenge as far as the urban planning and management is concerned. This study taking into consideration its title aims to first evolve the satisfaction level of settlers regarding the quality of their environment and second to propose some measures in order to improve it. The achievement of this goal demand...

[ 444 ] - The Role of Political Participation of Rural Settlers Regarding Provision of Services in Villages of Mamasani County

Rural tendency toward continual participation of rural settlers in social, economic and political activities is being considered as one of the most prominent factor in rural development .However, it is being argued that political participation of people namely rural settlers does not necessarily lead to high level of awareness and overall and comprehensive social and economic development of sub...

[ 445 ] - Challenges and Strategies Regarding Spatial Development of the Annexed Villages of Gorgan

With accelerated urban growth during past decades in the country,one could well observed the annexation phenomena. This unplanned and spontaneous annexation paved the way for the development of sputter settlements in the margin and edges of the cities. This study aims to investigate the challenges and barriers that these new borne communities are of Ouzineh and Anjirab encountered with. It plan...

[ 446 ] - The Investigation of Tourism Development Impact upon Promotion of Social – Economic Indices in Rural Areas, Case: Rijab Resort in Kermanshah Province

It is being argued that rural tourism is considered as a prominent activity with respect to rural development. This industry is known as invisible export by economists. Tourism as a broad activity is associated with some major economic, social and environmental. It further argues that tourism planning demands identification of these impacts as far as the host community is concerned. This in tur...

[ 447 ] - The Optimum Location Regarding Agriculture Development with Emphasis on Physical-natural Parameters in Boroojerd

It is being argued that there will exist high reliance upon agriculture lands and resources as a provider of food for population in coming decades. The increase in urban land, industrial and residential land uses at the expenses of agricultural lands is among the major consequences of population increase. However, the utilization of soil, water, forest and pasture are geared toward extensive an...

[ 448 ] - The Evaluation of Tourism Economy from Host Community’s View Point in Oromee-e Band Resort

Economic outcomes and consequences are among one of the most prominent reasons for tourism planners. Tourism is being considered as major motive as long as the economic development is concerned. Taking into account peasant’s economic status as well as downward trend in agricultural activity and high rate of rural migration, there exists a need regarding an economic alternative complementary wit...

[ 449 ] - The Investigation of Islamic Rural Council’s and Degree of Community Participation in Rural Development (Case: Hossainabad in Najafabad)

Nowadays, rural councils are performing prominent role on rural development. It is argued that the creation of these bodies is among the major measures for organization of community participation regarding rural development. This study aims to investigate the role of rural Islamic council’s as well as the level of community participation upon rural development of Hossainabad in Najafabad. The r...

[ 450 ] - The Evaluation of Economic Impact of Equipped – Renovated Rice Paddies in Villages of Central District of Soome-e Sara

Iran’s agricultural sector comparing with the other economic sector suffers from subsistence method. Small farm size, scatter distribution of holdings, lack of an appropriate irrigation and drainage systems, and non-existence of roads between farms have led to increase in production costs and reluctance regarding agriculture activities and relevant investment. This in turn demands the implement...

[ 451 ] - The Analysis and Explanation of the Influential Factors Regarding Milk Marketing Network in Rural Areas Case Study: Khodabandeh Villages, Zanjan Province

Marketing of agricultural products is being considered as one of the most fundamental and important measures for development in rural environments. As such, the identification of responsible factors for marketing of perishable products namely dairy products could facilitate marketing process and as a result diminish the associated problems in local communities. The identification of responsible...

[ 452 ] - The Analysis of Rural Spatial Imbalances the Rural Areas of in Kermansh Province

Optimum housing situation in both rural and urban areas is being considered as one of the social-economic indicators. Application of comprehensive and descent housing planning requires the identification and determination of different relevant dimensions and aspects. Using housing indicators and indices helps to evaluate the housing status which regional planning demands. These indices, which i...

[ 453 ] - The Analysis of Spatial-Physical Consequences of the Rural Centers Integration in Region One of Tehran

The rural centers integrations in the city which in some countries have been named as “urban villages” are the consequence of rapid urbanization and accelerated growth of our city. Since the rural centers integration in the city has been often without any plan, it has had various consequences on the environmental, physical, economical and social aspects. The present study has paid attention to ...

[ 454 ] - Earthquake Disaster Management in Rural Settlements of Sarvabad County

This paper aims to identify secure, risk free domains and extents in Sarvabad with particular emphasis upon disaster management considerations. This study has both analytical and applied nature. Data analysis demands the application of Gis and AHP. This leads to creation of corresponding layers and final combined overlay risk maps for the evaluation of the relevant factors. consequently; spatia...

[ 455 ] - Feasibility Studies Regarding Tourism Development Using Systematic Approach in Margin of Rural Areas of Mighan Desert of Arak

Strategic tourism planning is being considered as a way of rural development. It further is a response to Globalization and rural reconstruction. Tourism development requiers systematic comperhensive approach. Rural settlements located in margin of desert area of Mighan, despite of their varied tourism potentials, are very deprived and distressed. The major objective of this study is to investi...

[ 456 ] - The Impacts of Information Technology on Rural Development (Case: Southern Khorasan Village)

Nowadays information technology indices are being concerned as measures of development. This in turn will lead to many advantages’ in different areas for the evolved party. However, rural development is responsible for social and cultural changes. These could be exemplified itself in increase in job opportunities and rural income, improvement in nutrition’s standards as well as educational and...

[ 457 ] - The Analysis of Social – Economic Sustainablity of Safrans Production and Its Impact on Rural Development, Case: Bala Velayat, Torbat Heydareeyeh

Agricultural sustainability is being undoubtly considered as one of the most prominrnt sector of sustainable development. Bala Velayats settlers Torbate Heydareeyeh basically rely on orchard economy and more specifically on Safran for their livelihoods. This crop originally was cultivated in Khorasan this in turn requier special attention regardinng the sustainability issue. This paper aims to ...

[ 458 ] - The Prioritization of Rural Development Problems with Emphasis on Peasants Viewpoint

Thought the world, rural areas tend to represent similar characteristics. Populations are spatially distributed. Agriculture is being considered as dominant economic sector. However, this sector as well as rural peoples is encountered with some challenges regarding development. In other word, there exists some limitation as far as the resource mobilization is concerned. Sometimes spatial rural...

[ 459 ] - Structural-Functional Dynamism: An Alternative Approach to Spatial

Spatial planning approaches along with complication of societies are being changed. These changes and transformations have reflected themselves in increasing diversification of economic patterns, people, group, organization, and institution’s mobility. While in less developed network societies some of the concepts including “distance” and “movement “are relatively losing their importance , some...

[ 460 ] - Diversification of Coastal Rural Economy with Particular Emphasis on Fishing Tourism Study Area: Tonkabon

Rural areas taking into consideration their eco-tourism and natural attractions are among the target of tourism activity. With the consideration of low income level of rural communities, tourism is an appropriate alternative regarding job opportunities and promotion of rural financial capabilities. The major objective of this study is to investigate the potential of coastal rural areas of Tonka...

[ 461 ] - Imbalanced Distribution of Oil Rent and Its impact upon Rural Developmen

The major objective of this paper is to determine the impact of inappropriate planning on economic function and further to explain the link between oil rent and rural development. The research method is based on descriptive-analytical one. However, this analysis is geared toward combination of institutionalized pattern with emphasis on dependency upon marched path and political economy rent. Th...

[ 462 ] - Role of small size -Credits Regarding Empowerment of Rural Women Case Study: Lakestan Sub- District Salmas of County

The empowerment of rural women and their involvement in decision making process is being considered as one of the prerequisite for achieving sustainable development. Access to small credit could well facilitate the empowerment mechanism. This study tries to answer the following question: Could access to small credit be influential on economic and psychological empowerment of women? The research...

[ 463 ] - Study of Barriers toward Development of Organic Farming

Today, with an increasingly global population, agricultural production systems should meet the growing needs of food by using the new technologies. Increases in the level of production have inevitably resulted in some environmental issues. Addressing these problems require the application of organic farming as a sustainable way of agriculture system which possesses many promised advantages. How...

[ 468 ] - Root Cause Analysis of NIOC\'s 20" Natural Gas Explosion

Transmission and distribution pipelines have a significant role in the oil and gas industries. Pipelines are facing different threat like corrosion, improper design and incorrect operation. Gas vapor released from a pipeline (owned by NIOC) failure spread out and reached to ignition source. Due to gas outdoor spreading, “flash fire” occurred and flame return caused “vapor cloud explosion” of ga...

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[ 489 ] - Evaluation of Performance of the Applied Science Centers of the Iranian Red Crescent Society Concerning Crisis Management

BACKGROUND: The present study was conducted with the aim to evaluate the performance of the applied science centers of the Iranian Red Crescent Society (IRCS) in crisis management. METHODS: In this descriptive-survey study, 167 out of 295 managers and experts of the applied science centers of the IRCS were selected on the basis of the Cochran formula. To examine the study variables, a question...

[ 490 ] - The Effectiveness Emotion Regulation Skills Training on Happiness of the Red Crescent Organization of Bushehr Province

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of emotional regulation skills training on happiness of rescuers of the Red Crescent Organization in Bushehr Province, Iran. METHODS: This was a semi-experimental research with pretest, posttest, and control group. The statistical population of this study included all rescuers of the Red Crescent Organization of Bushehr Pro...

[ 491 ] - Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP); Road Traffic Accident; Rescue; Air Transport

BACKGROUND: Timely delivery of emergency care and reducing the transmission time of injured people to health centers is very effective in reducing the number of deaths and injuries in accidents. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the factors affecting road traffic accident relief in Iran with an emphasis on air transport. METHODS: The present study was performed through resorting to Mul...

[ 492 ] - Assessment of areas vulnerable to natural hazards (Case study: Rural areas CountyAzna)

BACKGROUND: Rural areas, usually when compared to other natural events, have the greatest vulnerability of human settlements. The aim of this study was to evaluate natural hazards as earthquakes, landslides, floods and identify high-risk zone in relation to the rural areas of the central township of Azna County, Iran. METHODS: Topographic and geology maps, elevation digital model, and seismic ...

[ 493 ] - Determining Teachers’ Professional Qualifications in “The Learning Approach to Knowing” and Presenting Executive Strategies for Realization of this Approach: A Mixed-Method Research

The present study aims at determining teachers’ professional qualifications in “the learning approach to knowing” and presenting executive strategies for realization of this approach. The research employs an exploratory mixed-method research. The population in the qualitative part of the research consists of experts of education and in the quantitative part includes all high school teachers of ...

[ 494 ] - Design and Validation of a Conceptual Model for Narrowing the Gap between Intended, Implemented, and Attained Curricula in the Public Education System in Iran

Abstract: The present research aimed at developing and validating a conceptual model for narrowing the gap between intended, implemented, and attained curricula in the public education system in Iran. Two fundamental questions guided this investigation: what model can be developed to reduce the gap between the three mentioned curricula? To what extent does the proposed model gain the approval? ...

[ 495 ] - The Challenges of Social Sciences Curriculum in Primary School Regarding Citizenship-Social Education based on the model Tyler

Abstract: This study has been conducted about one of the fundamental debates in educational system and curriculum development titled“social-citizenship‌training”. The methodology was descriptive-survey and the sampling population was 337 (61 male- 276 female) elementary school teachers in Tabriz which were selected on the basis of multi-staged and comparative cluster sampling For data analysis ...

[ 496 ] - A Study of correspondence between Intended and Implemented Curricula of pre- primary school

Abstract The goal of current study was to investigate the consistency of intended curriculum with implemented curriculum at the preprimary level. The research method was survey study. The population included 258 preschool teachers of west of Mazandaran in 2009 that 122 samples randomly selected from Abas Abad, Chaloose, Tonekabon and Ramsar cities. Measuring tool was researcher-made questionnai...

[ 497 ] - The Nature of Science: Case Study of University of Tehran Undergraduate Students’ Attitude

Achieving a scientific literacy is the purpose of teaching the science curriculum in educational systems in the world. One of the most important and the most essential components that increases scientific literacy in students, is teaching about the nature of science. Purpose of this study is to investigate the attitude of undergraduate students at University of Tehran toward the nature of scien...

[ 498 ] - Study of students' self-determination in virtual College of Mehr-e-Alborz with regard to principles of Heutagogy

This paper is to investigate the heutagogic self-determined learning behavior of the students according to the theoretical foundations and framework of the heutagogic approach which has been carried out as a case study in Mehr-e Alborz virtual university. Among study population of Mehr-e Alborz virtual university students which were 690 people, 120 students were selected randomly by means of Pr...

[ 499 ] - Analysis of 6th Grade Mathematics Textbook based on Plsek’s Creativity Model

The aim of this research is to study the components of creativity in elementary school curricula. The research method used in this research is content analysis. The information source of this research is the 6th Grade Mathematics textbook in the academic year 1391-92. To achieve face validity, the viewpoints of the educationalists and experts were used in this research, and to achieve reliabili...

[ 500 ] - Analysis of teachers' experiences in teaching art in elementary schools: a qualitative study

This study aims to identify and explain the experience of teaching art in the elementary school teachers was conducted. In this context, an essential question is examined: primary school teachers, learning how to experience the arts curriculum? Using qualitative research methods, semi-structured in-depth interviews and purposive sampling, 10 cases of primary school teachers Mehdishahr city were...

[ 501 ] - The Professors’s professional experience in relation to effective teaching phenomen in higher education

Abstract: The main purpose of the present study was to gain insights into effective teaching in higher education as a phenomenon. Using professional experiences of university faculty, we wanted to develop a conceptual framework in order to enhance the pedagogical and theoretical foundations of teaching.using phenomenography, which is one of the qualitative strategies we interviewed 12 Faculty f...

[ 502 ] - Internal and external research methodologies relevant to the curriculum in higher education

Abstract: Curriculum has always been the main element in any educational system and a relatively large number of research has been carried out in this area. Using quantitative approach and document content analysis, this study investigates the methodologies applied in research on higher education curriculum. Among the existing literature, 30 studies from 13 journals that were carried out by Ira...

[ 503 ] - Integrated approach in primary school physical education curriculum: a possible explanation of the expert's view

Abstract: The objective of this research was to study the feasibility of integrative approach in physical education course at the elementary level from the point of view of experts. The researchers used descriptive survey method for this study. The statistical population consisted of physical education experts majoring in curriculum development or management and planning who were familiar with ...

[ 504 ] - Mathematics Teachers’ Approaches to “Listening” in Mathematics Classes: A phenomenographic approach

The ways that mathematics teachers listen to students’ explanation, influence their understanding of students and their teaching activities. If teachers be informed about different ways of “listening” to students’ ideas and conceptions concerning mathematics, they might be able to use listening as an effective teaching method to enhance students’ mathematical learning. The related literature in...

[ 505 ] - Identification of effectiveness assessment criteria for Seminary virtual courses

The main purpose of this research is to derive Seminary virtual education effectiveness criteria. Seminary education has main differences with tertiary or professional education. Therefore, to assess their effectiveness, we must take into account these differences. In this research we have used qualitative methodology and set a semi-interview mechanism with 15 experts in e-learning, all employe...

[ 506 ] - The Cognitive Goal Achievement of 3 Physics & Laboratory Courses in Secondary School

This paper presents a report on the level of achievement in the third grade of high school courses of physics and laboratory. This research is assessment-oriented and evaluative and in collecting of data follows the grounded theory method. Curricular goal achievement was assessed with evaluating mathematics and science students (N=369) from five districts in Tehran via academic achievement test...

[ 507 ] - The effect of Ga-doping on the structural and optical properties of ZnO thin films prepared by spray pyrolysis

In this research, zinc oxide thin films with gallium impurity have been deposited using the spray pyrolysis technique. The structural and optical properties of these films are investigated as a function of gallium doping concentrations. The ZnO and ZnO:Ga  films grown at a substrate temperature of 350 ºC with gallium doping concentrations from 1.0 to 5.0.%. The XRD analysis indicated that ZnO f...

[ 508 ] - Deposition and characterization of SnO2:Sb thin films fabricated by the spray pyrolysis method

In this study, thin films of transparent semiconductor tin oxide doped with antimony impurities on the glass substrates with different concentrations of antimony that have been prepared using spray pyrolysis method. The effects of different concentration of antimony on the structural, optical, and electrical properties of the thin films were investigated. Prepared layers were characterized by X...

[ 509 ] - Characteristics of the ore- bearing quartz veins using fluid inclusions, Andarian, NW Iran

Andarian area is located north of Tabriz city, north west Iran, and tectonically is a part of Ahar-Arasbaran magmatic belt. Geology of the area includes Miocene shallow pluton, Cretaceous flysch-type sediments, metamorphic rocks )hornfels and skarn( and volcanic rocks. Mineralization occurred in two stages: primary and secondary. The primary ore minerals include Au, pyrite and stibnite. Malachi...

[ 510 ] - Petrography, geochemistry and determination of temperature and pressure of crystallization of pyroxene and plagioclase minerals in diabasic and lamprophyre dykes of Jupar block (south of Kerman)

A set of diabasic and lamprophyre dykes, trending NW-SE, cut the Neogene volcanic rocks that exposed in the south of Kerman city and west of Glomac village. They are characterized by porphyritic and glomeroporphyry textures. Lamprophyres contain course- grained phenocryst of olivine- pyroxene- amphibole in a matrix containing feldspars. diabasic rocks are dominated by main minerals including di...

[ 511 ] - Apatite as a main source of REE during crystallization of monazite mineral in Esfordi Fe-Apatite deposit, northeast of Bafq

The Esfordi deposit is located at northeastern Bafq and is one of the well-known magnetite-apatite deposits in the area which consists of ore minerals hosted REE. Among the various ore minerals, apatite is one of the unique minerals because of its significant properties such as providing a budget of elements (especially in the case of REE), stability over widespread temperature and pressure dom...

[ 512 ] - Crystal size and shape distribution of plagioclase in the basaltic andesites, North of Gavkhouni

Plagioclase is the most abundant mineral in basaltic andesites in the north Gavkhouni. Olivine and pyroxene are the other rock forming mineral there. In their 3-dimensional shapes, they are unequal and varies between bladed to prolate. Plagioclase sometimes exhibit dusty texture, oscillatory zoning and sinusoid growth. Based on crystal size distribution data, the rate of crystal nucleation of p...

[ 513 ] - Mineral chemistry and physical conditions of crystallization in Filshour and Goft dioritic intrusions, Southwest of Sabzevar

The Late cretaceous dioritic intrusions of Filshour and Goft in southwest of Sabzevar are situated in the northern edge of central Iran zone. The rocks of these plutons show porphyry, granular, ophitic and subophitic textures and are composed of amphibole, plagioclase and clinopyroxene (in diorites), along with quartz (in quartz diorites). The amphiboles of these rocks are in the group of calci...

[ 514 ] - Mineral chemistry, thermobarometry, petrogenesis and tectonic setting of the Nokeh intrusion in the northern Semnan (Central Iran)

The Nokeh intrusion exposed in the northern Semnan area. The intrusion is composed of monzonite-quartz monzonite and granite-granodiorite and was intruded in the Eocene carbonaceous tuffs, where the country rocks converted to magnetite-skarn. Plagioclase, orthoclase, quartz, biotite, amphibole and clinopyroxene are the constituent minerals of Nokeh intrusion. The study rocks represent granular,...

[ 515 ] - Biotite and feldspar chemistry: An approach to the petrogenesis of the Gapdan pluton (NW of Zahedan)

The 43Ma Gapdan granitoid pluton is a part of Zahedan-Saravan granitoid belt and is located about 50 km NW of Zahedan. The pluton is mainly composed of biotite granite and granodiorite in composition and consists of quartz, plagioclase, K-feldspar, biotite, Fe-Ti oxides, zircon, apatite, and allanite. The granitoid rocks are mainly granular in texture, although they display poikilitic, perthite...

[ 516 ] - Damanghor intermediate sulfidation epithermal Au mineralization, Northern Bardaskan: geology, alteration, mineralization, and geochemistry

The Damanghor gold mineralization occurrence is located in north of Bardaskan, Khorasan Razavi Province, and Taknar zone.The geology of the area consists of Precambrian green sericite schist and metarhyolite, intruded by diabase. Mineralization in this area is in vein form with N50E stribe and 70NW dip and hosted by schist and metarhyolite with 300 meters length and 2 to 35 meters width. Dissem...

[ 517 ] - Petrogenesis of pillow lavas based on mineralogical and geochemical data in the eastern part of Sabzevar ophiolite

Sabzevar ophiolitic pillow lavas contain variolitic, porphyritic with microlitic matrix, intersertal and amygdaloidal textures and include plagioclase, clinopyroxene (augite-diopside), olivine, amphibole (magnesiohastingsite) and opaque minerals. The chemical composition of clinopyroxenes show a calc-alkaline magmatic series and a tectonic environment within plate alkaline basalts. Geochemicall...

[ 518 ] - Microstructure and chemical changes of sepiolite and vermiculite clays on the effect of elements adsorption

One of the applicable methods to control the pollution of heavy metals is the use of an adsorbent mineral. The aim of this research is to investigate the effect of Nickel and Zinc elements on microstructure properties of sepiolite and vermiculite clay minerals. To address the absorption experiment studies, four treatments (vermiculite, vermiculite + sand soil, sepiolite and sepiolite + sand soi...

[ 519 ] - Investigation of genesis and fluid origin in Noghduz gold bearing quartz veins, East Azarbaijan Province, northwest of Iran

The Noghduz  prospecting area, as a part of the Arasbaran metallogenic zone is located about 20 km east of Ahar, East-Azarbaijan Province. The mineralization host rocks are andesite-trachy andesite with the age of  Late  Eocene. The hydrothermal alterations exposed in this area are silicic, argillic, and propylitic. Pyrite is the main hypogene sulfide mineral which is accompanied by lesser amou...

[ 520 ] - Mineralogy and fluid inclusion investigations in the Zarshuran gold deposit, north of Takab, NW Iran

The Zarshuran Carlin-type gold deposit is located about 30 km north of Takab, West-Azarbaidjan Province, NW Iran. Interaction between the ore-forming fluids and the host carbonates and shales resulted in development of the decarbonatization, argillic, alunite, silicic, and sulfide alteration zones in the study area. Based on mesoscopic and microscopic studies on drill core samples, gold mineral...

[ 521 ] - Mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of the Siahrudbar bauxite deposit, Golestan Province, north of Iran

The Siahrudbar deposit is located about 25 km southwest of Aliabad-Katool city in the Golestan Province, north of Iran. This deposit lies between the Triassic limestone (Elika Formation) and Jurassic sandstone (Shemshak Formation). Mineralogical studies indicate the presence of major minerals such as diaspore, hematite, anatase, kaolinite, and chamosite accompanied by minor minerals such as boe...

[ 523 ] - Relationship between fish length, otolith length and weigth of Sind sardine Sardinella sindensis, (Day, 1878) from coastal waters of Jask (Oman Sea)

Correlation between fish length, length and weight of otolith of sardine in the Southern waters of Iran still unknown. Therefore, because of commercial and ecological importance of Sardinella sindensis, relationships between fish length (total length), length and weight otolith was studied. In total, 123 Sind sardine were sampled by double –boat purse seiners from coastal waters of Jask from Oc...

[ 524 ] - Synthesis and optimization of application of a molecular imprinted sorbent for selective determination of two pyrethroid isomers from biological sample

Introduction: Along with the extensive production and use of various pesticides for controlling pests and enhancing the production of agricultural crops, there is a growing concern about the adverse effects of these toxic materials on human health. Therefore, the development of sensitive, selective, and accurate methods for continuous assessment of pesticides concentration in occupational and e...

[ 525 ] - Possibility of using plasma-processed hybrid nanofibers to remove toluene in air stream

Introduction: Despite nanofibers have attracted great interests for filtering particulate matters from the air stream, fewer studies have been done on the feasibility of their use in the removal of gas pollutants, while the both pollutants are present in the most workplaces. Toluene is a toxic and mutagenic substance, and chronic exposure to its low levels can lead to a wide range of adverse he...

[ 526 ] - Interactive Effect of noise and heat on Maximal Aerobic Capacity (VO2 max) in Students of Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences

Introduction: Determining the VO2 max of individuals is of great importance. The VO2 max refers to the maximum oxygen that can be consumed in the body in one minute and depends on factors such as physical conditions, environmental parameters, and physiological characteristics of the individual.. Noise and heat are among the factors influencing VO2 max (also called maximal oxygen uptake or maxim...

[ 527 ] - A hybrid fuzzy MADM model for environmental risk assessment: a case of an oil and gas exploitation area

Introduction: Evaluating environmental risks in the oil and gas industry is essential to prevent irreparable damage to the environment. Using classical methods for prioritizing environmental risks does not achieve high-reliable results. Therefore, the aim of this study is to minimize the limitations of classical methods in a typical oil and gas production zone, by using fuzzy logic and Multi At...

[ 528 ] - Identification of Human Errors in the Use of Neonatal Ventilator Device by Predictive Use Error Analysis method

Introduction: Nowadays, accidents are regarded as a main risk factor for both human and economic of countries. The triggerring cause of most accident is human error. In the healthcare setting, human errors can lead to injuries and even death of patients and damage the reputation of healthcare staff. Human errors in healthcares can occur during various activities including diagnosis of a disease...

[ 529 ] - Evaluating the Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Drivers Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Introduction: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are any disorders or injuries to the musculoskeletal system due to working procedure or conditions. WMSDs is one of the main causes of occupational injuries and disability in advanced and developing countries. The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in drivers in order to achieve complet...

[ 530 ] - Studying factors influencing eye indicators of computer users: A systematic review

Introduction: Nowadays, working in any computer work stations, named visual display terminal (VDT), was widespread and has become popular in our lives. Due to the increasing trend of using computers in the administrative and social institutions, prevalence of eye-related signs of working with computers is still increasing and it is one of the most important health issues. Computer jobs are low-...

[ 531 ] - Vocal Disorders and Risk Factors Affecting It: Voice Ergonomics in Teachers

Introduction: Nearly a third of people work in jobs that use voice to be part of their work. Teachers as the largest group of professional vocal users, are at risk of vocal disorders. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of different risk factors on vocal disorders in teachers.   Material and Methods: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive-analytic study that was conducted on...

[ 532 ] - Planning the Nurses' Activities in the Intensive Care Unit of the Farshchian Cardiovascular Hospital in Hamedan with the Help of a Heuristic Algorithm Based on the Gert Method

Background: The intensive care unit is one of the most critical parts of the hospital, where the services provided to patients are of great importance. Because nurses have a high volume of work and should respond to patients at the earliest time, the existence of a curriculum is essential. Therefore, proper planning can reduce their fatigue and dissatisfaction caused by the high volume of work....

[ 533 ] - Reasons for Participation of Ophthalmologist in Continuing Medical Education

Purpose: Today, Continues Medical Education (CME) is considered as one of the methods to improve knowledge and clinical performance of physicians. In this regard, all physicians will become familiar with new and more effective therapies and are encouraged to follow them. The present qualitative study aims at explaining the reasons for the participation of Iranian ophthalmologists in continuing ...

[ 534 ] - Solar Retinopathy Following Methamphetamine Abuse

Purpose: To report a case of solar retinopathy following methamphetamine (MA) abuse. Case report: A 37-years-old man was visited with sudden painless loss of vision in both eyes. He was addicted to methamphetamine for three years. He used MA at the day of admission. Excessive sun gazing (4 hours) took place due to using hallucinations secondary to the MA. Visual acuity was 15/400 Snellen chart ...

[ 535 ] - The mediator role of alexithymia between ego defense styles and the intensity of pain in patients with chronic pain

 Aims and background: Chronic pain, is one of the psychosomatic disease that a lot of people meet throughout their life. The aim of this study was to determine the mediation role of alexithymia between ego defense styles and the intensity of pain that percipience by the patients with chronic pain. Materials and methods: The method of the study was the correlation, and the statistical universe w...

[ 536 ] - Explore Mothers' Experiences with potty training procedure for young children: A Qualitative Study

Introduction: Independence in going to toilet, controlling urination and bowel movements, is one of the most important developmental stages for children and an important educational process for parents. The purpose of this study was to examine the experiences of mothers with the training of dry and urinary control in toddlers. Method: In this qualitative research (1397), 26 mothers with a child...

[ 537 ] - Aquaporin-5 levels of lung following the taper program and Nigella sativa in the maturing rat

The aquaporin5 (AQP5) is an integral membrane protein that plays an important role in maintaining water homeostasis in the lung during of puberty. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of period of reduced training with Nigella Sativa (NS) supplementation on AQP5 levels in the lung of Male Wistar rats during of puberty. 110 newborn three-week old male Wistar rats with average wei...

[ 538 ] - The effect of shoulder abduction angles, shoulder dominance and non-dominance and external loading on shoulder muscles co-contraction ratio in overhead athletes and non-athletes

The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of shoulder abduction angles, dominant and non-dominant arm and external loading on co-contraction ratio during arm abduction in scapular plane in overhead athletes and non-athletes. 10 swimmers, 10 handball players and 10 tennis players and ten non-athletes voluntarily participated in this study. Electromyography activity of shoulder muscles ...

[ 539 ] - The effect of six weeks selected physical training on balance, postural control and lower limb function in children with Meningomyelocele

Meningomyelocele after cerebral palsy is the most common congenital defects of the nervous system that impairs the functioning of many body’s structures. This study aimed to assess the effect of six weeks selected physical training on balance, postural control and lower limb function in children with Meningomyelocele. In this quasi-experimental study, 10 boys aged 10-11 years with Meningomyeloc...

[ 540 ] - Effect of an 8-week specific functional training on injury risk factors and athletic performance in male judokas

Judo is one of the most popular martial arts in the world. Researchers reported a higher risk of injuries during training rather than the time of competition. So, the safe and effective training methods should be considered. As development and application of injury prevention approaches and athletic performance enhancement is necessary, the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of...

[ 541 ] - Effect of resistance training on plasma FGF-2 and Myostatin level in male Wistar rats

The purpose of present study was to determine the effect of 8 weeks of  resistance training on serumic myostatin, and Fibroblast Growth Factor-2 (FGF-2) level in male Wistar rats. 20 adult male wistar rats(150-250gr) were randomly divided into 2 groups [control group; n=10 (C), resistance training; n=10 (R)]. Resistance training was conducted for 8 weeks (5 session/week) on a special 1 meter he...

[ 542 ] - The effect of six weeks of interval resistance training on eotaxin and brain-derived neurotrophic factor serum levels in overweight young men

Eotaxin, a pro-inflammatory Adipokine is secreted from adipose tissue, which its secretion increases in the obesity and cause neurodegeneration. BDNF is a neurological factor that interferes with cognitive function, fat and sugar metabolism, as well as the pathophysiology of obesity and metabolic syndrome in adulthood. The aim of this study was to investigate the Effect of Six Weeks of Interval...

[ 543 ] - Comparison of advanced physical fitness profile between Olympic soccer team members of Iran according to playing position

The aim of present study was comparison of advanced physical fitness profile between Olympic soccer team members of Iran according to playing position. 29 Invited soccer players to the 17th national Olympic soccer team of Iran dispatched to 17th Asian Olympics Games, Incheon 2014 )mean age of 20.39± 2.01 yrs(, divided into five group of goalkeepers, defenders, midfield players, wingers and atta...

[ 544 ] - Effect of general fatigue on knee join muscle work and power absorption during stance phase of running

All sustained physical activities subject the body to various levels of fatigue. This is especially evident when running, which is one of the most popular forms of exercise and may be described as a reduction in maximum force production  and power output . the purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of running in an exerted state on knee muscles power absorption and work during the ...

[ 545 ] - The comparision of upper cross syndrome in children with visual and hearing impairments with normal counterparts

The upper cross syndrome is a postural abnormality with excessive activity of the muscles on the chest and upper trapezius muscles. In this study, upper cross  syndrome in hearing impairment, vision impairment, and normal students is investigated. This descriptive- analytic study was performed on 30 poor vision boys, 30 poor hearing boys and 30 normal boys with mean age 11.76±2.89 years and the...

[ 546 ] - The effects of fifa 11+ for referees comprehensive of warm-up program on dynamic balance in Iranian football referees

The present study aimed to examine the effects of FIFA 11+ comprehensive warm-up program for referees on dynamic balance among male Iranian football referees and assistant referees. Fifty-two football referees and assistant referees who had no previous injury voluntarily participated in the present study. They were randomly assigned into an intervention group and a control one (26 participants ...

[ 547 ] - Effect of practice variability on anticipatory postural control during reaching task

Introduction and purpose: Reaching movement is one of the common task for assessing learning mechanism and is daily task in human life, improvement in postural stability can influence the function of this task. In this term, the aim of current study was to compare constant (simple reaction time) and variable random practice (choice reaction time) on the improvement of anticipatory postural adju...

[ 548 ] - Immediate effects of femoral external rotational and abductoral taping on ground reaction force characteristics during running

Introduction and aim: Taping is a common method used by athletes to improve muscular function. The aim was to assess the immediate effect of femoral external rotational and abductoral taping on three-dimensional ground reaction force characteristics, their time to peak, impulse, displacement of center of pressure, vertical loading rate, and free moment during stance phase of running. Method: 24...

[ 549 ] - Protective effects of eight weeks interval aerobic exercise on decorin, TGF-β and tumor volume in atypical animal of breast cancer

Introduction: The decorin is a myokine that modulates the growth and the development of the cancer cells through the interaction with TGF-β. The present study is aimed to evaluate the protective effects of 8 weeks interval aerobic exercise on the expression of decorin and TGF-β, and tumor volume in a typical animal of breast tumor. Materials and Methods: In a exprimental research, forty adult f...

[ 550 ] - Compare the profile of anthropometric, somatotype and body composition between novice and professional 6 to 8 years old gymnasts

The aim of this study was to compare the profile of anthropometric, somatotype and body composition between novice and professional 6 to 8 years old gymnasts. A total of 40 gymnasts in tow group (20 novice gymnasts and 20 professional gymnasts) participated in this study. A total of 17 anthropometric, somatotype and body composition variables were recorded of each subject. The tools used in thi...

[ 551 ] - The effects of 8 weeks of resistance training on total and A12 acetyl cholinesterase activity in slow twitch muscles of rats

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 8 weeks of resistance training (RT) on activity of total and A12 Type of acetyl cholinesterase in Soleus muscles of rats. 16 male wistar rats provided from Razi institute (age: 10 weeks and weight: 172.415±7.090 gr), were randomly divided to 2 groups (Control; n=8 and RT; n=8). Training group carried out 8 weeks (5 session/week) of res...

[ 552 ] - Effect of taekwondo on plantar pressure distribution symmetry in dominant and none-dominant limb

The aim of this study was the comparison of plantar pressure distribution, vertical ground reaction force and contact area between dominant and none-dominant limb in top-flight females taekwondo.10 healthy young top-flight females taekwondo were selected. plantar pressure ,vertical ground reaction force and contact area were evaluated by emed system .The obtained data were analyzed by paired -t...

[ 553 ] - The epidemiological study of sport injuries in male kabaddi premier league

The purpose of present study is to investigate epidemiologic kabaddi injuries of premier league in Iran. This study is a descriptive, , and prospective survey. Participants are men players of kabaddi league in 2014 and sample athletics who have been injured at least once in competitions and have been received medical care. Information related to this study is completed through registration in t...

[ 554 ] - The effect of resistance training with split method on hormones levels and muscle mass in young bodybuilder

The purpose of the current study was the effect of 8-week high intensity resistance training (the Split training method), on Testosterone, Cortisol and Testosterone/Cortisol serum level and its influence on muscle mass and development of muscle strength. 20 persons beginner in bodybuilding (body mass index: 23.80±2.25 kg/m2; age: 24.65±2.55 year) participated in this study. The subjects divided...

[ 555 ] - The effect of twelve weeks endurance training on liver enzymes levels in Iranian obese women

Overweight is one of the most important reasons for increasing the liver enzymes that causes liver and cardiovascular disease. The purpose of this research is to investigation the effects of 12weeks training on liver enzymes. Subjects of this research is 26 woman with BMI≥29 and average age Between 42 to 52, they divided to two main groups: experimental and control group n=13. 24 hours before t...

[ 556 ] - Effect of spinal stabilization exercises to reduce urinary incontinence in the elderly

Urinary incontinence has an increasing process among aged women and its statistics in women in The Home for the Elderly is more than others. The purpose of this study is to investigate effect of 4 weeks Spinal Stabilization exercises on urinary incontinence of the elderly people. In this study, participants are elderly women from age of 50 to 70 years old (67±11kg and BMI of 27±4kg/m2), who wer...

[ 557 ] - Comparison of selected biomechanical parameters and support foot injury during soccer instep kick by preferred and non-preferred lower limbs of the novice players

Support foot position is one of the important factors which can affect instep kick quality and ankle joint injury. The aims of this study were to examine the support foot parameters in maximal instep kicking with the preferred and the non-preferred leg and research on risk factors for ankle joint injury in amateur futsal players. In this semi experimental study, twelve young and novice futsal p...

[ 558 ] - Study of changes in adiponectin, leptin, and plasma lipid profile of Inactive men the result 24 session, playing futsal

The aim of the study, study of Changes in adiponectin, leptin, and plasma lipid profile of Inactive men the  result 24 session, playing futsal. In this study, 20 healthy men 20 to 30 years old, the experimental group (age: 23/5±2/58, weight: 69/36±14/48, body composition: 22/82±4/41) of controls (age: 24/6±2, weight: 68/22±12/71, body composition: 21/99±3/58) inactive randomly divided into cont...

[ 559 ] - Comparison of posture in elite female taekwondo players and non-athletes

Specificity of physical exercises is one of the main factors which could affect musculoskeletal system. The purpose of this research is to make a comparison about postural abnormalities of the spine and lower limbs between female taekwondo athletes and non-athletes. Samples of current research were 50 female black-belt taekwondo athletes and 50 non-athletes. To measure kyphosis and lordosis, fl...

[ 560 ] - Comparison of the lumbosacral angles in state of standing on the various slopes, in the healthy and low back pain females

This study aim to investigate the effect of different slops on mechanical lumbosacral angles and lumbar stability of healthy and mechanical low back pain (LBP) persons. This case- control study was performed on 38 females (18 LBP and 20 healthy subjects) who were referred to the Hospital in sari. At the beginning, Subjects’demographic data were recorded. In order to measure lumbosacral angles a...

[ 561 ] - Comparison of plantar pressure distribution between the right and left foot and their correlation with height and weight at wrestlers

Since, sports activities are likely to be changes in various parameters of plantar pressure distribution during walking to create, This study compared patterns of plantar pressure distribution between right and left feet and their relationship with anthropometric parameters. 10 elite wrestler with the average and standard deviation of age: 23.6±3.33 yrs, height: 173.5±7.67 cm and mass: 83.3±21....

[ 562 ] - The trajectory of center of pressure during stance phase of gait in healthy males and females using pedar-X system

Introduction and Objectives. The trajectory of center of pressure (COP) during the stance phase of gait is considered as an important parameter in assessing of dynamic balance, foot and ankle function and effectiveness of shoe and orthotics. The aim of this study was to determine the COP trajectory during stance phase of gait in healthy males and females, by means of Pedar-X plantar pressure me...

[ 563 ] - The effect of non-stability surface of support leg on the instep kicking kinematics in soccer players

Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of non- stability surface of support leg on the instep kicking kinematics in soccer players. Materials and Methods: 30 male soccer players participated in this study. After the measurement of static and dynamic balance tests by the Biodex System, 20 players were selected who were at a desired level of the balance. Data were recorded...

[ 564 ] - Designing, validation, and reliability assessment of software to acquire kinematics parameters of motion by image processing

Motion analysis systems are useful and effective equipment in biomechanics research. Unfortunately these systems are available for few researchers because these are expensive equipment. The aim of this study was to design and validation of a practical and inexpensive software, to determine the exact markers position in space and compute the kinematic of movement. In designing the software, the ...

[ 565 ] - The Prediction of Elite Athletes’ Chronic Ankle Instability Based on Postural Sway’s Risk Factors in Jump-Landing and Lateral Hopping Tasks

Chronic ankle instability has defined as recurrent ankle sprain, so that 40% of injured athletes after acute injury despite of receiving of adequate rehabilitation, suffering from this instability. The purpose of this study is investigate of postural sway’s risk factors proportion in jump-landing and lateral hopping tasks, in prediction of chronic ankle sprain occurrence. 25 ankle sprain injure...

[ 566 ] - The Effect of Low Volume High Intensity Interval Training on Sarcolemmal Content of Fatty Acid Transport Proteins (FAT/CD36 and FABPpm) in Young Men

High-intensity interval training (HIT) induces skeletal muscle metabolic and performance adaptations that resemble traditional endurance training despite a low total exercise volume. On the other hand, fatty acid oxidation is increases in skeletal muscle with endurance training. This process is regulated in several sites, including the transport of fatty acids across the plasma membrane. The...

[ 567 ] - The Effect of 6 weeks of strength exercise with Traband on some of the variables anaerobic power in young basketball players

One of the most important success factors in most athletic competitions, receiving aerobic power (speed, agility and jumping) high. Basketball is a great combination of short and long term activities that depend on aerobic fitness. Anaerobic fitness of many players during the match determines tactical the performance. The purpose of the present study to investigate the effects of strength ex...

[ 568 ] - Effect of arginine supplementation on O2 uptake kinetics response in female taekwondo athletes

Introdiction and Aim: Nowadays, due to the epidemic of sports supplements, the effects of these supplements on athletic performance require analysis and evaluation.The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of arginine supplementation for one week on oxygen uptake kinetics and time to exhaustion in female taekwondo athletes. Method: In this semi-experimental study with prete...

[ 569 ] - Effect of 8 weeks of circuit training on serum Irisin levels and Insulin Resistance Index in overweight girls

The purpose of this study was the effect of eight weeks of circuit training on the Irisin levels and the Insulin Resistance Index (HOMA-IR) in overweight women. Materials and Methods: In this study 22 overweight women voluntarily were chosen (Age 26.04±4.43 yrs, BMI 29.35±2.53 kg/m2) and were divided to two groups of control (n=11) and experimental (n=11). In the experimental group, subjects...

[ 570 ] - Effect of different intensity warm up on plasma antioxidant enzymes and damage indices of lipid, protein and DNA after intensive activity in non-athlete males

The aim of this research was to study the effect of warm up with two different type intensity on plasma antioxidant enzymes and damage indices of lipid, protein and DNA after intensive activity in non-athlete males. 12 non athlete students of kharazmi University participated in this study. Firist, subjects VO2peak were measured by Gas analyzer (Meta Max 3B) on the ergometer cycle with increment...

[ 571 ] - Effect of Functional Fatigue on Landing Mechanics using Landing Error Scoring System (LESS)

One of the factors affecting jump-landing patterns is fatigue. Fatigue is an inevitable component of physical activity, hence the aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of functional fatigue on landing mechanics through Landing Error Scoring System (LESS).Fourteen male college students with a mean age of 22±2 years, weight of 68.3±7.2 kg and height of 174±4 were randomly divi...

[ 572 ] - Correlation between lower body stiffness and agility in racket-sports athlete

Stiffness is an index for determination of elastic properties of body and its optimum range is different in various motion patterns. The Spring-mass model is used for calculating stiffness. In this method, the whole leg is modeled with a linear simple spring. The aim of this study is determination of lower body stiffness and evaluation of its correlation with agility, as dominant motion patt...

[ 573 ] - Effect of different walking speed on the gait kinematics of individuals with knee varus

The purpose of current study was to investigate the spatio-temporal gait parameters and knee varus angle during walking at different speeds in young with knee varus. 18 subjects with varus deformity classified at grade 3 of bowleg and 17 healthy subjects, volunteered to participate in this study. The following variables include stance, swing, double support and cycle time, cadence, stride le...

[ 574 ] - Comparison the effects of two pedaling methods on lower limb muscles activity and fatigue index in road cyclists

The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two pedaling methods on lower limb muscles fatigue index and muscular activity in road cyclists. For this purpose eight road cyclists participated in two separately session in laboratory. They were pedaling with pushing technique in first session and circling (pullingpushing) technique in the other session. Surface electromyography activity...

[ 575 ] - The Comparative Study of Effects of 4 Weeks Accommodation and Constant Load Strength Training Methods on Maximum Strength and Power of Trained Athletes

The purpose of this study was to compare effect of 4 weeks of strength training in two ways of accommodation and constant resistant methods on maximum strength and power of trained athletes. Sixteen Wushu athletes and wrestlers chosen from Tehran’s clubs with a mean age of 20.50 ±2.00years, height 174.34 ± 6.53cm, weight 70.22 ± 10.50 Kg, and body fat percent, 12.87 ±. 4. 23 participated in thi...

[ 576 ] - Compare Time to call Internal and external obliques muscles Dominant leg Karateka two techniques ZenkoytsuDachi and MovashiGari

As one of the most famous martial arts karate kata and kumite are two main ]1[. Different techniques when doing sports, including quadriceps muscles and joints (knee extensor muscles) and joint use. In this study, called the internal and external obliques broad kata and kumite athletes dominant leg when the two techniques were compared Znkutsudachi and Movashi Gray. Therefore, local and wide fl...

[ 577 ] - Effects of swimming endurance training during pregnancy on apoptotic index of rat’s neonate liver

Background: This study aimed to examine the effects of endurance swimming training during pregnancy on pregnant rat’s neonate liver tissue apoptotic index. Methods: 16 pregnant rats (200 ± 20 g) were divided into two swimming and control groups. The rats of training group were forced from first day of pregnancy to delivery in a particular pool. The sampling of the neonate liver tissue was perfo...

[ 578 ] - valence of low Back Pain and Its Association with Anxiety and Depression in Male and Female Nurses

Introduction: The present study examined the prevalence of back pain and its association with anxiety and depression in nurses working in affiliated hospitals to social security organization in Isfahan city. Research Method: The design of this research was descriptive-correlation and its population consisted of 815 nurses working in Shariati (510 subjects) and Gharazy hospitals (305 subjects...

[ 579 ] - The effect of eight weeks aerobic exercise on some immune factors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Introduction: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of an eight- week aerobic exercise on some immune system factors in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Twenty – three women (age: 51.96 ± 7.73, weight: 72.37 ± 10 kg) were enrolled in the study voluntarily Methods: In this quasi – experimental random study, subjects were assigned to training and control group. The training group (...

[ 580 ] - The effect of functional fatigue on dynamic and static balance in boy students with different plantar arch

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of functional fatigue on the dynamic and static balance of male students aged 15 to 18 with different plantar arch. To measure the subjects' foot arch, the Navicular Drop Test was used. The subjects were then randomly divided into three groups of 22 members with different foot arches. Later on, SEBT test, Modified Stork Balance, Fatigue Protoc...

[ 581 ] - اثر ترکیب تمرین مقاومتی ویژه و تمرین معمول شنا بر عملکرد شنای قورباغه

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of combination specific resistance and ordinary swimming  training on Breaststroke swimming  performance in young boys. Twenty boys of Alborz  province  swimming team age of 13±1 years ,weight 50/ 65±1/02kg and height 159/8 ±4/91cm, participated in this study. After the initial testing of the performance variable (Fifty-meter record of Breas...

[ 582 ] - The comparison of sport injuries in 2 premier leagues of taekwondo and the study of the protective equipments effectiveness in it: seasons 2006-2007 and 2011- 2012

Introduction: Taekwondo is one of the most popular martial arts in the world and Iran. Taekwondo is a contact sport which contains a high rate of injuries. Thus, the more travelling through the time, the more protective equipments is provided to prevent injuries. The present study purposed to compare the sport injuries of premier leagues in 2 season and study the effectiveness of protective ...

[ 583 ] - The investigating of relationship between changes of some of the cardiorespiratory factors during submaximal activity with slow component of Vo2 ,after static and dynamic stretching in active women

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between changes of some of the cardiorespiratory factors during submaximal activity with slow component of Vo2 after static and dynamic stretching in 16 active women from physical education college ( Mean ± SD : age, 23.87± 1.62 yr ; weight, 57.20 ± 7.84 kg ; height, 163.46 ± 6.23 cm; body fat % ,23.96 ± 2.70 and Vo2max, 42.15 ± 3.4...

[ 584 ] - effect of 12 weeks Aerobic Exercise Training on Some Characteristics of Immune System and General Health of Women with Breast Cancer

Introduction: This research aimed to analyze the effect of 12 weeks aerobic exercise training on some characteristics of immune system and general health of women with breast cancer. Methods: 40 female with breast cancer, undertaking chemotherapy, were classified in exercise group with mean age of 36/9±13/2 years, weight of 67/2±9/95 kilograms and body mass index of 21/9±2/9 kg/m2 and contro...

[ 585 ] - The effects of creatine and L-carnitine supplementation on anaerobic performance in athletes

Aims: This study investigated the effects of creatine and L-carnitine supplementation on anaerobic performance and body weight changes in athletes. Methods: In this single-blind randomized clinical trial, 45 athletes were selected and randomly divided into four groups supplemented with: a) Creatine, b) L-carnitine, c) Creatine- L- carnitine and D) placebo. The supplementation period was 28 d...

[ 586 ] - Biomechanical analysis of successful versus unsuccessful free throw shots performed by professional basketball players

The main purpose of the present study was to investigate the kinematics and kinetics of successful versus unsuccessful basketball free throw shots. Six professional basketball players (age= 23±2.09 years members of Iranian premier basketball league participat in test. Kinematics of arm motion during basketball free throws were recorded by two Casio zr200 camera in frequency of 240 Hz. Wilcox...

[ 587 ] - The effect of eight weeks comprehensive corrective exercises on upper crossed syndrome

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of eight weeks comprehensive corrective exercises on upper Crossed syndrome. 40 female college students with forward head, forward shoulder, and kyphosis voluntarily participated in this study and randomly divided to two experimental group (with mean age 21.60±1.70 years, height 159.78±5.11 cm, and weight 59.04±4.6 kg) and control group...

[ 588 ] - Comparison of the predicting body fat equations during a maturation period in adolescent girls (12-16ys)

Validation of predicting fatness methods in the Iranian girls with respect to the maturity process could help to identify anthropometric risk factors. This study evaluate the accuracy of four body composition prediction equations in the teenager students in Hamadan city .Method: The anthropometry profile of 266 adolescent girls (12-16 ys) including ,weight (55.69±10.18 kg),body mass index (2...

[ 589 ] - Effect of aerobic and strength training on serum PTH, calcium, albumin and alkaline phosphatase in postmenopausal women

The purpose of this study was to consider the effect of eight weeks aerobic and strength training on serum PTH, calcium, albumin and alkaline phosphatase in postmenopausal women.35 post menopause women, (55-70 years), of Jahandidegan center of Tehran were selected and randomly divided to three groups as aerobic (n=12), strength (n=13) and control (n=10) groups. Aerobic training program inc...

[ 590 ] - The effects of using bench press and leg curl resistance exercise during rest interval on rating of perceived exertion, blood lactate and quantity of leg extension performance in bodybuilders

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of using upper (Bench press) and lower body (Leg curl) exercise during rest interval on rating of perceived exertion (RPE), lactate production and quantity of lower body performance (Leg extension) with 75% 1RM (repetition maximum). 15 resistance trained men (age 20.9±1.9 years, height 175.6 ±4.5 cm and weight 74.8±5.2 kg) took part in fo...

[ 591 ] - The effect of progressive endurance-strengthening training and electrical stimulation on muscle strength and surface electromyography parameters in volleyball players with Infraspinatus syndrome

Background: In sports such as handball, tennis and volleyball the player need to involve the great loads over his shoulders. In these sports, players are predisposed to overuse injuries. Infraspinatus syndrome’s meaning is the painless weakness and atrophy of this muscle that observe following Suprascapularis nerve neuropathy. In this investigation we want to survey the effects of a short term ...

[ 592 ] - Comparison of electromyographic activity of shoulder muscles during two different pull-up test methods

Pull-up and modified pull-up tests are frequently used for shoulder muscles endurance evaluation by physical educators. Despite of using these tests, the difference of muscle activation pattern in pull-up and modified pull-up tests has not been documented clearly. However, the role of some important muscles such as anterior deltoid, posterior deltoid, trapezius and latissimus dorsi have no...

[ 593 ] - Relationship between sprint performance of front-crawl swimming and muscle fascicle length in young swimmers

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between sprint performance of front-crawl swimming and muscle fascicle length in 23 male young swimmers. The sample was divided into two groups by 25-m sprint front-crawl swimming performance: 14.6-15.7 s (S1, n=11) and 15.8-17 s (S2, n=12). Muscle thickness and pennation angle and fascicle length of the Biceps Brachii (only muscle t...

[ 594 ] - The effect of 6 weeks core stabilization training program on the dynamic balance of mentally retarded and health

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of 6 weeks of core stability training on the balance of mentally retarded. Our subjects included 31 male mentally retarded students in two groups (control, 14 patients with a mean age of 11/07±3/02years, height 152±7/86cm) and (17experimental group with a mean age 11/23 ± 1/95years, height 147±7/07cm) and were A group of healthy students (15 ...

[ 595 ] - The effect of knee extensor and ankle plantar flexor fatigue on dynamic balance in active elderly males

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of knee extensor and ankle plantar flexor fatigue on dynamic balance among active elderly males. Fifteen healthy individuals having age of 72±6.57 years, height of 168.4±4.8 cm and weight of 70.5±7.4 kg without history of injuries at lower extremity, participated in this study. Knee extensor and ankle plantar flexor muscles fatigued with f...

[ 596 ] - The Effects of KinesioTaping of leg and cognitive task on balance

Objective: KinesioTaping is a method for rehabilitation of patients and athletes. The efficacy of taping to enhance proprioception precision and balance has been studied. The effects on skin sensory receptors and limb consciousness are mechanisms of taping but there is an important question that if the persons pay attention to other task the effectiveness of taping is still exists or not? ...

[ 597 ] - The response of blood buffering capacity and H+ regulation to three types of recovery during repeated high-intensity endurance training

Background/aim: Many studies were shown the effect of type's recovery on performance. Active recovery has been reported by some to promote greater exercise capacity, while others have not confirmed these results. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of three types of recovery during repeated high-intensity endurance training on blood buffering capacity and H+ regulation. Desig...

[ 598 ] - The study of relationship between physical fitness and success of female climbers to ascend Mera Peak (6654 m)

Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between success on an over 6000m summit and results of physical fitness tests that normally are performed by mountaineering federation to select mountaineers for climbing high mountains. Therefore in this study, relationship between the results of these tests in 8 female climbers (age, 34.4±8.7year, height, 163.9±5.9cm,...

[ 599 ] - The norm of bioenergetics characteristics of elite and advanced male and female Iranian Badminton players

The purpose of this study was to collect the norm of bio-energetic characteristics of male and female elite and advanced Badminton players in Iran based on gender differences. This is a descriptive research of the kind of normative survey. Statistical population of the research includes all elite and advanced male and female Badminton players in Iran during 2010 including 128 elite and adv...

[ 600 ] - Relationship between Static and Dynamic Balance Characteristics with Types of MS in Women

MS is a lifelong disease that could involve the person in different forms. Knowing balance characteristics of different types of this chronic disease helps the specialists for controlling their complications. The purpose of this study was to recognize static and dynamic balance of different type of MS and to compare MS patients with healthy individual. 54 MS women in three groups (27- Relapsing...

[ 601 ] - Effects of Short Term Vibration Training on some of Physical Fitness Factors in Elderly Women

In this study, the effects of vibration training on physical fitness factors in elderly females investigated. 40 subjects with age 61/09±6/24 yrs, weight 65/84±11/98 kg, height 156/99±5/06 cm and body mass index 26/64±4/23 kg/m2 voluntary participated in this study and were divided in vibration (n=16), non-vibration (n=14) and control (n=10) groups. The vibration group performed exercises o...

[ 602 ] - Acute Effects of Two Energy Drinks on Anaerobic Power and Blood Lactate & PH Recovery in Male Athletes

In order to compare the acute effects of OR and Megabasic (two energy drinks) by a placebo, 24 volunteer male athletes (age: 24.3±2.03 yrs, height 173.56±7.02cm and weight 75.43±3.07kg) participated in two consecutive RAST tests by 40 min rest interval in between within 3 randomly divided groups. There were six times blood sampling (before and also 2 and 4 min after than both tests) in ord...

[ 603 ] - The Effect of Contrast Water Therapy on Lood Lactate Recovery and Subsequent Performance of Trained Female Swimmers

This study investigated the effect of water immersion and passive recovery on blood lactate and subsequent swimming performance. Ten trained female swimmers, age (17.8 ±2.2), height (164.55.8 cm), weight (59.29.9 kg), %BF (22.41.7) and BMI (21.85.4kg/m2) completed three experimental trials differing in 15 min recovery intervention three times a week with 48 hrs distance: land (sitting near the ...

[ 604 ] - Design and fabrication of three axes accelerometer

Technology can provide safety in physical practices and improving the performance of these activities, so manufacturing of equipments for these purposes has been considered widely. The aim of the present paper was design and fabrication of three-axis accelerometer. hree acceleration sensors, three gyroscopes for angular velocity measurement, a microcontroller for converting analog data to ...

[ 605 ] - Relationship between anthropometric characteristics with the performance velocity of Gyaku-zuki technique in elite female Karatekas

Abstract Identification of one karateka pave the way to reach the top honor. One of the parameters affecting at success of kumite players is The performance velocity of techniques. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between anthropometric characteristics with the performance velocity of Gyakuzuki technique in Elite female Karatekas. Thirty-one senior female kumit...

[ 606 ] - The relationship between anthropometric characteristics and hip joint flexibility among teenaged girls in football schools

The purpose of present study was to investigate the relationship between Anthropometric characteristics and hip joint flexibility among teenaged girls in football schools. The population of this study comprised 120 teenaged girls from football schools of Mashhad. 40 teenaged girls of the population with mean and standard deviation of age 13/90±0/84 years, weight 51/62±6/51 kg, and height 1...

[ 607 ] - Predicting sprint performance of front-crawl swimming in young swimmers with an emphasis on biomechanical, muscle architectural and anthropometrical factors

Youth swimming performance may be influenced by anthropometric, physiology, and biomechanical factors. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationships between 50-m front-crawl swimming performance and relevant anthropometrical (body height, body mass, body mass index, arm span, shoulders width, thigh, leg and upper arm lengths), muscle architectural (muscle thickness, pennation ...

[ 608 ] - Comparison the Effect of Kinesiotaping with Stretching of Upper Trapezius Muscle in Neck Pain due to Forward Head Posture

Introduction: This research aimed to compare two methods of kinesiotaping and stretching of upper trapezius muscle in treatment of neck pain due to forward head posture. Research Methods: Design of this research was semi-experimental. 36 subjects (29 female and 7 men) with forward head posture between 20-40 years of age with no history of neck pain due to vertebral fracture, disc herniatio...

[ 609 ] - Provincial description of somatotype profile of 9-13 years old Iranian boys in martial arts

Introduction: Different sports require athletes with special shape and size. Findings of researches have reported the relationship between somatotype components and athletic performance, similarity of somatotype of junior and senior athletes in the same sport and, consistency of somatotype through lifespan. In according to the fact that, somatotype is related to genetic factors and not inf...

[ 610 ] - Designing a specific upper body anaerobic power test for wrestling

Abstract The aim of this study was designing a specific upper body anaerobic power test for wrestlers and determining validity, reliability and objectivity of the designed test. In order to assess the anaerobic power of wrestlers on the basis of upper body Wingate test, Twenty two wrestlers (age=23/40±3/20 year, height=173/13±6/97 cm, weight=74/55±3/88 kg) of Tehran wrestling team (most of the...

[ 611 ] - The Comparison of Selected Spatiotemporal Parameters of Gait in Overweight and Normal Childrens 10-12 years.

Introduction and Purpose: The rate of overweight and obesity of childhood is dramatically increasing. It seems that mechanical load would affects motor activities for instance walking pattern. This study undertaken to compare spatio-temporal parameters of walking among overweight and normal childrens 10 to 12 years. Methodology: In this semi-experimental study, 30 subjects (15 overweight boys ...

[ 612 ] - The strength of hip abductor and external rotator muscles and ACL rupture in male soccer players

The purpose of this study was to compare of hip abductor and external rotator muscles strength between male soccer players with ACl rupture and healthy male soccer players. 30 male participants (15 soccer players with ACL rupture as sample group and 15 healthy soccer players as control group) participated in this study. Hip abductor and external rotator muscles strength tests including nor...

[ 613 ] - Relationship between balance and maximum strength in weight-bearing and non-weight-bearing closed kinetic chain exercises

Balance and strength are important abilities that athletes should have them. This study was designed to investigate the relationship between maximum leg press (non-weight bearing closed kinetic chain) and squat (weight bearing closed kinetic chain) strength with statistic and dynamic balance. Thirty (15 men and 15 women) physically active participants (age, 22.13 ± 1.54 years; height, 171.26 ± ...

[ 614 ] - Compare sequence of joint motion and muscle electromyography between low drive and high drive soccer instep kick

The purpose of this study was to examine the difference between two types of the soccer instep kick in temporal sequence of motion and muscle electromyography, during forward swing phase of the kick. Ten elite soccer players, volunteered as subjects in the study. To culculate the kinematics data, we used DLT method with two video camera that filmed five markers fixed on anatomical points o...

[ 615 ] - Effects of twelve weeks endurance training on serum levels of selected hormones in underweight men

The purpose of this study was to survey effects of twelve weeks endurance training on serum levels of selected hormones in underweight men. Eighteen healthy underweight men were randomly divided at two groups: endurance training and control. Serum levels of adiponectin, testosterone, and cortisol were assessed before and after training. Endurance training protocol consisted of twelve weeks peda...

[ 616 ] - Effect of unstable shoes on ground reaction force parameters during stance phase of running

Introduction: 24-67% of recreational runners suffer from running-related injuries. The purpose of this study was to test the effect of unstable shoes on selected ground reaction force (GRF) parameters during stance phase of running. Method: 20 healthy men (age of 21±2.27 years, height of 176.93±5.39 cm, and mass of 72.30±8.84 kg) ran on the force plate placed in the middle of 15 m runway in ba...

[ 618 ] - Effect of the Fast-Skin swim suit on Iranian elite female swimmers' performance

The purpose of this investigation was to consider the Fast-Skin swimsuit's effect on the elite female swimmers’ performance. So, twelve elite swimmers swam 50 and 200 m and 400 m trials with and without Fast-Skin at approximately 80- 100% of maximal effort in four swimming styles. In 400 m freestyle swimming, traditional swimsuit compared with shoulder-to-ankle (SA) and shoulder-to-knee (S...

[ 619 ] - The Relationship between Range of the ankle motion, Q angle and back stroke kicking on male Swimmers

The purpose of this research is to survey the relationship between range of the ankle motion and Q angle and back stroke kicking on male swimmers. 34 on available boy students swimmers were selected with mean and SD of age 23.68±2.28 years, weight 71.88±9.35 kg and height 176.11±5.52 cm in this study. First, Right and Left Leg Q angles (to supine position), Range of Dorsal flexion and plan...

[ 620 ] - The effect of &quot;Tai Chi&quot; exercise on depression, quality of sleep and some of physiological factors in elderly, living in Nursing Home

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of 12 weeks of "Tai Chi" exercise on some of physiological and psychological factors in elderly living in Nursing Home. In this experimental study, 58 elderly male and female age 69.15±5.3 yr, height 154 ± 0.1 cm and weight 58.13 ±4.4 kg, lived in Sadeghie Nursing Home were selected and objectively divided in experimental (n=27) and control...

[ 621 ] - Effect of aerobic exercise on general health and serotonin levels of Inactive Veterans

Background and aims: In many communities, the sport as a method of therapy is used to improve the disabled and veterans' health which has been a useful and effective. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of aerobic exercise on general health and serotonin levels in inactive veterans. Material and method: Based on semi experimental design 40 veterans, 25 percent impaired and with...

[ 622 ] - Effect of one or two sessions per day of physical activity, with equal intensity and duration, on adiponectin and insulin resistance in sedentary middle-aged men

improves insulin resistance. However, the effect of training sessions a day is not clear in this regard. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of one or two sessions a day of exercise training, with equal intensity and duration, on insulin resistance in sedentary middle-aged men. Materials & Methods: 30 sedentary middle-aged male volunteers (age=43.6±6.5 yr, weight=80.4±13.6kg...

[ 623 ] - Development and prioritization Foolad Mahan Club strategies based on a comprehensive strategy formulation framework

The purpose of this research was to formulate and prioritize Foolad Mahan club strategies based on a comprehensive strategy model. The method of This study was applied- descriptive and because of the limited statistical population with size 76, the population census was used. Survey instruments were library studies, open and closed questionnaires with qualitative interviews and strategic meetin...

[ 624 ] - Assessing coaching moral competences: Development and initial validation of the Coaching Fairplay Behaviors Inventory

The purpose of the present investigation was to develop and initial validation of a measure for assessing the athletes perceptions of coaches’ behaviors that promote fairplay behaviors. A three-step procedure was undertaken to develop the questionnaire. In the initial step, the literature review provided theoretical and empirical perspectives on how youth sport coaches can influence athletes’ f...

[ 625 ] - Effect of weight transfer training on static and dynamic balance of older women

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of weight transfer training on static and dynamic balance of older women. 20 accessible subjects that met our criteria divided randomly into two experimental and control groups. The experimental group trained for 6 weeks, 3 times a week and each session 60 minutes a day. Biodex balance system used for training and testing procedures. Data analys...

[ 626 ] - Effects of socioeconomic status on motor proficiency of 4-6 years old Tehran children with very low and normal birth weight

This study aimed to evaluate the direct and interactive effects of socioeconomic status and birth weight on Tehran children motor proficiency. : The present study was a cross-sectional research which conducted in April and May of 2016 and the study population included 4/5 to 6-year-old boys and girls with very low and normal birth weight from 2 and 19 districts of Tehran city that from which 13...

[ 627 ] - Assessment and Comparison the Quality Management Status in Basic and Medalist Federations of Iran Based on Integrated approach EFQM-AHP

The purpose of this study was to assess the status of quality management in basic and medalist federations of Iran based on EFQM-AHP Approach. Thus descriptive- survey method was conducted in two steps. First the EFQM criteria was prioritized and weighted based on paired-comparison questionnaire (AHP) through top managers of federations and then the standard self-assessment questionnaire of org...

[ 628 ] - The Effects of Core Stabilization Training on Balance and Reaction Time in Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of core stabilization training on balance and reaction time in children with developmental coordination disorder. This was a semi-experimental study. Twenty children recognized for DCD, age range 6 to 12 years old were recruited form DCD children rehabilitation center in Tehran and randomly divided into experimental and control groups. Co...

[ 629 ] - The Effect of Dual Task Interference on Gait in Aging: Role of Working Memory Components

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of concurrent cognitive tasks activating phonological loop and visuospatial scratchpad of working memory on gait in older adults.12 older adults with the age range of 65-70 years performed walking trials in 3 counterbalanced testing conditions including single walking, walking while performing visuospatial task and walking while per...

[ 630 ] - The Role of Motivation on the Rate of Participation Elders in Sport for‌ All

The purpose of the present study was to examine the role of motivation on the rate of participation elders in sport for all. The research methodology was correlative descriptive and was done by field study. The population was all male and female elders of Ahwaz; the number of whom was 49.558 based on 1385 census. The sample was chosen randomly 380 individuals. Measurement tools were individual ...

[ 631 ] - The role of spiritual intelligence and identity styles on work involvement of sports volunteers

The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of spiritual intelligence and identity styles on work involvement among sports volunteers in 13th Iranian universities sports cultural Olympiad. The method applied in this research was descriptive-correlational. The research statistic population was consisted of all volunteers participating in 13th Sports cultural Olympiad. The sample was eq...

[ 632 ] - Presentation Of Pattern Management Information System Requirements Analysis For Recruiting Sport Vollunteers

Volunteer Movement and deliver services to society is phenomenons of  coeval universe.The aim of this research work was to present a pattern for Iran`s sports volunteer absorbance management information system requirement analysis. This investigation was of descriptive-analytic sort and in regard for practical goal, it was type of (UML) methodology and it used object-oriented design model (RUP)...

[ 633 ] - Prediction of Attitudinal and Behavioral loyalty of Esteghlal and Persepolis Fans by Considering the Team Quality :A Case Study of Female Students in Tehran Universities

The participation of spectators– including both men and women- in sport stadiums and their profitability is one of the new experiences in the world of sports . A significant proportion of Persepolis and Esteghlal fans are women; so, providing conditions for women's loyalty to these teams can help in some decisions on fans management.One of the reasons for  loyalty of fans may be the team's qual...

[ 634 ] - The relation between Emotional Intelligence and Sport Orientation of Male Athletes of Confrontational Sports and non_ Confrontational

This study examined the relationship between emotional intelligence with sport Orientation of Male athletes of Confrontational fields and non_ Confrontational. the method of research is Descriptive-survey and population of the study, 200 participants of Confrontational fields (handball, futsal, basketball, karate, kung fu) and non_ Confrontational (table tennis, chess, swimming, volleyball, gym...

[ 635 ] - EFFECTIVENESS OF SELECTED PSYCOLOGICAL INTERVENTIONS ON REDUCING COMPETITIVE STATE ANXITY OF ATHLETES

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of selected psychological interventions on reducing the competitive State anxiety of athletes of Kermanshah .Current study was semi- experimental with pre-test and post-test and random replacement.90 people were selected by accessible sampling in two experimental and control groups. The educational package was performed through 12 ninety-minut...

[ 636 ] - The relationship between decision making styles of coaches with player’s burnout of the Iranian Premier League

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between decision making styles of volleyball coaches and players burnout of the Iranian Premier League. This applied research and the population as census and correlation with statistical sample included 240 male and female players (100 females and 140 males) and 40 coach and head coach of men's and women's teams firms Iran volleybal...

[ 637 ] - Effects of cognitive functions on feedback request strategy and learning of a perceptual motor task

Taking individuals' cognitive abilities into consideration can play an important role in the initial stages of learning motor skills. So, the purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of cognitive functions on feedback request strategy and learning of a perceptual motor task. A number of 60 university male students with a mean age of 22/4 years (SD = 1/99) were selected through...

[ 638 ] - The effect of 10 sessions mental training compared with physical training on foot joints and accuracy of soccer penalty kick

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of mental training compared with physical training on on foot joints and accuracy of instep penalty kick in soccer. Method research was a quasi-experimental. 33 male students of Mazandaran University organized in three groups (physical training group, mental training group and control group). After pre-test, mental and physical training groups...

[ 639 ] -

[ 640 ] - The impact of organizational citizenship behavior on the customer-oriented in sport facilities

The purpose of this study was to survey the impact of organizational citizenship behavior on the customer-oriented in sport facilities in Shahrekord. The research method was descriptive, correlational that the survey was carried out. The study population included all employees of public and private sports facilities were Shahrekord. Measuring instruments included OCB questionnaire Paul and Mngv...

[ 641 ] - Ethics in Handball: Investigating the Sportspersonship of Premier League Players

The porpuse of current study was to "investigate sportspersonship of Premier League Handball Players". The kind of this study was descriptive-correlative that based on the covariance matrix factor analysis conducted.The statistical population was consisted of all male professional handball players of premier league (1391-1392), that 95 person were selected as statistical sample. Also to collect...

[ 642 ] - The effect of dual-task training on balance of elderly women: with the motor and cognitive approach

The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of motor and cognitive dual-task training on dynamic balance of elderly women. For this purpose, 27 old women (aged 60 -82 years) from the old people center of Birjand city were selected randomly and divided into 3 groupd based on their TUG scores. The groups comprised of cognitive dual-task training, motor dual-task training and contro...

[ 643 ] - The Relationship between Brand Personality dimensions and Consumer’s Loyalty to Sports Brands in Rasht city

The purpose of the present study was to explain the relationship between brand personality dimensions and customers’ loyalty to sport brands in Rasht.  The method of present survey was descriptive and applied, also the statistical population was loyal customers to sport brands in Rasht.  In order to data collection two questionnaires; Geuens & Wulf (2009) for measuring brand personality dimensi...

[ 644 ] - Anxiety level among Iranian football referees: The role of self-consciousness and coping styles

The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the level of anxiety experienced by Iranian football referees, and to predict the level of referees’ competitive anxiety according to their self-consciousness and coping styles. One hundred thirteen male football referees voluntarily completed a demographic questionnaire, Self-Consciousness Scale (SCS; Fenigstein, Scheier, & Buss, 1975), and ref...

[ 645 ] - The Relationship between Work Ethics and Satisfaction of Event Volunteers

The study of work ethics and job satisfaction have gained great significance following the failures of major corporations and the West’s crisis. The purpose of research was to analyze the relationship between work ethics and  satisfaction events volunteers in sport. The method that applied in research was descriptive-correlation. The research statistic population consists of all volunteers part...

[ 646 ] - The comparison effect implementation methods physical activity outside of class on some of physical fitness factors of boys students

the purpose of this study was the comparison effect implementation methods physical activity outside of class on the physical fitness of 15 y. boy students. method of study was quasi experimental and statitical population of that includes all of the 15 y. boy students of  maraghe city(n=2865). sample of study was 80 pepole who were selected of sample available and then randomly in four groups o...

[ 647 ] - The Effect of Basic Gymnastic Exercises in Environments with Different Colors, on Static and Dynamic Balance

The current research aims to compare the effect of basic gymnastic exercises in environments with different colors, on static and dynamic balance. Participants were 40 female students ranging in age from 8 to 10 years, who were classified into three groups: "exercise in the environment with warm colors", "exercise in the environment with cool colors" and "exercise in the environment with compou...

[ 648 ] - The relationship between motor proficiency with body mass index and nutritional status in healthy boys 10-14 years old

Individual constraints are of the factors that can effect on motor development. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between motor proficiency with body mass index and nutritional status in healthy boys 10-14 years old in Tehran. Statistical sample was of 120 children for BMI and 90 children for nutritional status. body mass index groups, lean, normal, overweight and obese ...

[ 649 ] - Recognition of professional competence of physical education teachers with grounded theory approach

Physical education teachers are an essential component of Sports teaching in schools and as the founder exercise much influence on all the sports section of country, Recognition of professional competence necessary is their main purpose of this survey. This qualitative study and practices underlying theory (Grounded) was performed. The statistical population was included of elite physical educa...

[ 650 ] - Studying the problems of women coaches’: Case study of Arak sport bodies

Women sport have been developed, but it seems that sport coaches confronted with some problems. The purpose of this study was to survey the women sport coaches problems. The statistical population was women sport coaches that working with Arak sport bodies. The statistical sample consisted of 76 coaches. Data were collected by researcher-made questionnaire which its content and face validity wa...

[ 651 ] - Levels Motivation and Reasons Success and Failure of Elite and Sub-Elite Female Athletes in Individual Sports

When an athlete experiences a failure or a success naturally think about its reason(s) and actually search the responsible for the situation. Therefore, the purpose of this descriptive - correlational study was surveying attribution and motivation styles of elite and sub-elite female athletes in individual sports. The statistical population was female athletes in swimming, badminton, karate, ta...

[ 652 ] - The factorial structure of the Self- Regulation Questionnaire in College Physical Education Class (SRQ-PE)

The aim of this study was to examine of the factorial structure of the Self- Regulation Questionnaire in college physical education class (SRQ-PE). 277 students were selected by cluster random sampling in Urmia universities. The results of confirmatory factor analysis determined 5-factor model for the structure of the SRQ-PE with 71.03% of total variance. The confirmatory factor analysis showed...

[ 653 ] - The Effect of motivational covert and overt self-talk on basketball free throw skill learning in adults

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of motivational covert and overt self-talk on basketball free throw skill learning in adults. 60 students of Gorgan Islamic Azad University based on pretest scores randomly assigned in three equal groups (n1=n2=n3=20). Participants in motivational covert and overt self-talk conducted basketball shooting skill acquisition in 12 sessions (each ...

[ 654 ] - Designing, Construction and Accreditation &quot;Human motion analysis instrument based on joints angles in sagittal plane&quot;

Tools and methods that could lead to the recognition and motion analysis variables are helpful in understanding the movements and movement Sciences and It will be a vital part of movement and sport sciences laboratories. "Human motion analysis instrument based on joints angles in sagittal plane" was designed to provide information about the motion analysis that offers to researchers, educators ...

[ 655 ] - Identifying and prioritizing barriers to sponsorship of private companies of sport of champions

The aim of this study was to identify and prioritize barriers to sponsorship of private sponsorship of sport of champions in Kerman province. The research method was survey and Based on applied objective. The statistical population included top managers of private firms in Kerman province (N =150) Which 108 companies were selected with simple random sampling. The required data were collected by...

[ 656 ] - The Impact of Managerial Changes on Performance of Football Clubs in Iranian Premier League

The purpose of the present study is to investigate the impact of managerial changes on the performance of football clubs in Iranian premier league. The statistical population of present study contains all clubs which participated in 12 seasons of Iranian football clubs premier league from 2001 to 2013. The whole data was extracted from the archive of premier league organization and Foolad ...

[ 657 ] - The relationship between passion to physical activity and life satisfaction in male students: The Dualistic Model of Passion (DMP)

The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between passion to physical activity and life satisfaction in male students. 383 male students were chosen through cluster sampling among various schools in Tabriz and completed passion scale (Vallerand, et al. 2003), and multidimensional life satisfaction scale for students (MSLSS, 2001). T-test and Pearson correlation test was used...

[ 658 ] - Effect of skill level on variability of intra limb coordination and control variables in top spin strike

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of skill level on variability of intra limb coordination and control variables in top spin strike. The 16 participants of this study were divided into two groups of Skilled and Novice. The Skilled group was consisted of players who ranked as 8 top in national ranking at their age stage and the Novice group was consisted of players who rece...

[ 659 ] - The prediction of knowledge Management through Organizational Culture in some of sports organizations

Today, Organizational culture has an important role in implementation of Knowledge management. Therefore, the purpose of this research was to predict of knowledge management through organizational culture in sports organizations. The Statistical popularly was all managers of National Olympic committee, National Paralympics committee, National Olympic Academy, and Sport Federations (N=225)....

[ 660 ] - The Relationship between Work Ethics and Satisfaction of Event Volunteers

The study of work ethics and job satisfaction have gained great significance following the failures of major corporations and the West’s crisis. The purpose of research was to analyze the relationship between work ethics and satisfaction events volunteers in sport. The method that applied in research was descriptivecorrelation. The research statistic population consists of all volunteers pa...

[ 661 ] - Predication of Competition Result of Judo Players on the Basis of Emotional Intelligence

The purpose of this study was to predict competition result of judo players base on emotional intelligence and its subscales. To get this research done, a 70 person sample from Population of judo players of national leagues in 90-91 season were selected (age = 22.0 ± 3.36 year, judo experience 8.4 ± 2.33 year). The instrument which used in this research was emotional intelligence questionnaire ...

[ 662 ] - Relationship between sport success and kinesthesia in male athlete college students of the age 19 to25

The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between sport success and kinesthesia in male athlete college students. The methods used in the study was descriptive correlation. 100 students athletic in different fields from students’ of state university of Arak in 2012-2013 with the mean age of 21/80±1/94 purposefully using random multistage sampling were selected. (34 stud...

[ 663 ] - Investigation of visual context hypothesis on especial skills in the favorite location of experienced players

Visual context is the context that exists in front of eye field which changes as player moves anyway and forms the new visual context. The favorite locations are the zone that players practice many times over the practice  time. The players performs the best own performance from that. The aim of this study was to evaluate the visual context as one of the reasons making the especial skills in fa...

[ 664 ] - The Estimation of Satisfaction & the Intention of Re Attendance Customers Through Service Quality Components in Sport Clubs: Study of Body Building Clubs

Service quality is one of the most important subjects in marketing studies. Literature review shows that this variable is related to many important variables in marketing area. However, there is always this question of which components of service quality are better predictors for satisfaction and future intention of customers. The data gathered by three standard questionnaires: 1- service quali...

[ 665 ] - Relationship between Social Support Behavior of Physical Education Teachers and motivation of Student in Physical Education Activities

Despite the importance of physical activity is clearly accepted by all, motivation and participation in physical education declines with age. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between the social support behavior of physical education teachers and motivation (absence of motivation) of student in P.E activities. This is a descriptive and correlation study. In doi...

[ 666 ] - Fan reaction to the club's social responsibility: a case study of selected team of Iran's Football Pro League

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of club's social responsibility on the fan's intention to purchasing the sponsors products. Population of this study was consists of the fans of three teams that selected of the Iranian Football Pro League. By using the formula to determine the sample size, it for infinite population obtained 384. For data collection, the social responsibility qu...

[ 667 ] - Relationship between Employee’s Readiness( Ability and Willingness) with Effectiveness of Sport Federations

The purpose of this study was relationship between employee's readiness and effectiveness of sport federations. Population in this study were employees included of expertise , federation committee chiefs and vise chiefs federations committee , n=288 that were completed ( Employee- Readiness questionnaire and employees Effectiveness  questionnaire .Reliability of each scale was tested : Employee...

[ 668 ] - Choking under pressure in tennis serve performance: An attentional demand explanation

In this investigation the authors presented an attentional demand explanation for the choking under pressure occurred in sport skills. For this porpouse, attentional demands in tennis serve performance was compared under low and high pressure conditions by using dual task paradigm. Twenty tennis players served as participants and performed sixty serves as primary task in low and high (competiti...

[ 669 ] - The Relation Between Sports Perfectionism and Competitive Anxiety in Women's National Karate Team

The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between perfectionism and competitive anxiety in Women's national karate team. Methodology: This is descriptive and correlational study in which 30 women from national karate team (adults and younger adults) formed the whole statistical population Completed the Martens Competitive state and competitive trait anxiety questionnaire an...

[ 670 ] - The Relation Between Sports Perfectionism and Competitive Anxiety in Women's National Karate Team

The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between perfectionism and competitive anxiety in Women's national karate team. Methodology: This is descriptive and correlational study in which 30 women from national karate team (adults and younger adults) formed the whole statistical population Completed the Martens Competitive state and competitive trait anxiety questionnaire an...

[ 671 ] - Investigation of the Talent Identification Factors and Talent Education Development on Track & Field's Athletes in Iran

Objective: The purpose of current investigation is studding of talent identification factors and education talent development on the track & field's athletes in Iran by views of experts, coaches and athletes.Methodology: The descriptive research method was used in current research. The number of 150 experts, coaches and athletes were recruited in this research.  The number of 6 variables and 45...

[ 672 ] - Investigation of the Talent Identification Factors and Talent Education Development on Track & Field's Athletes in Iran

Objective: The purpose of current investigation is studding of talent identification factors and education talent development on the track & field's athletes in Iran by views of experts, coaches and athletes.Methodology: The descriptive research method was used in current research. The number of 150 experts, coaches and athletes were recruited in this research.  The number of 6 variables and 45...

[ 673 ] - Identifying and Prioritizing Effective Factors on Recruiting Volunteers in Sport for All

 In this article, has been tried identifying and prioritizing Effective factors on recruiting volunteers in sport for all in Islamic Republic of Iran. The method of this study was descriptive-correlation. The statistical populations were the managers of sport for all federation, experts of administration of physical education and faculty members. The researcher-made questionnaire consist of 25 ...

[ 674 ] - Sport retirement

Abstract The purpose of the present study was to examine the process of retirement from professional sport from perspective of sports administrator and retired athletes. This survey was descriptive that 42 administrators and 70 retired athletes from Guilan province took part in it. Data gathered through SCT questionnaire which it's content and face validity was confirmed by 15 experts and re...

[ 675 ] - Analysis of influencing factors on health ways usage in different points of Urmia city (with emphasis on using of body fitness units in parks)

Introduction: Physical activity is an important factor in maintaining of psychological and physical health, leisure time enrichment, development of social relations, avoid from mechanically life, return to nature and is way for reduce of stress and risk factors in public health. The purpose of this study is analysis of influencing factors on health ways usage in different points of Urmia city (...

[ 676 ] - Analysis of influencing factors on health ways usage in different points of Urmia city (with emphasis on using of body fitness units in parks)

Introduction: Physical activity is an important factor in maintaining of psychological and physical health, leisure time enrichment, development of social relations, avoid from mechanically life, return to nature and is way for reduce of stress and risk factors in public health. The purpose of this study is analysis of influencing factors on health ways usage in different points of Urmia city (...

[ 677 ] - The influential factors on the quality of electronic service in sport from Esteghlal club fans point of view

The purpose of the present research is investigation of the theoretical relationship between the main variables of online exercise performance and their impact upon rendering service quality via internet. The statistical population was included of all fans of Tehran Esteghlal sport club, who electronically and via web site purchased the fans products and received information through club media....

[ 678 ] - A Structural Model for the Effect of Psychological Capital on Organizational Citizenship Behavior

The present study has examined the effect of psychological capital on organizational citizenship behavior. This is a case study with cross-sectional design and questionnaire as research method. Statistical population was the formal and contract staff of the Ministry of Youth and Sport (N=210 Employees). The data related to psychological capital and organizational citizenship behavior variables ...

[ 679 ] - The effect of using computer games on learning free throw Basketball skill and comparison with skilled and learning pattern

The aim of this experiment was to study the effect of computer game on acquisition and retention of free throw basketball skills (accuracy and pattern) and compare this method with two patterning methods (skilled and learning). 50 high school students age range 15-17 years were selected as a research samples. Subjects after participating in the pretest were divided into 5 equal groups and each ...

[ 680 ] - The relationship between psychological skills and injuries severity of Tehran teams soccer players participating in premier league of Iran

Introduction: Injury is common incident in most of the sports and games. There are many reasons for the factors incident of injuries, the psychological aspect can be considered as one of them. Method: The aim of present study was to examine the relationship between psychological skills and severity of injuries in football players of Tehran premier league. 108 players of Iran premier league part...

[ 681 ] - Study the validity and reliability of perceived motivational climate in sport questionnaire-2 (PMCSQ-2) for Iranian athletes

The aim of this study was to measure the validity and reliability of perceived motivational climate in sport questionnaire (PMCSQ-2) for Newton and colleagues [2000[. For this purpose, random participants from 553 athletes 13 to 23 years were selected to complete the questionnaire. After applying the translate-retranslate technique, content validity ratio (CVR) and content validity index (CVI) ...

[ 682 ] - The investigation of efficiency of religious orientation model in predicting flow experience in physical education students

The primary aim of the present article is to analyze the efficiency of religious orientation in predicting flow experience of physical education students based on demographic variables. Also, the role of demographic variables was taken into account as the secondary aim of the study. 200 physical education students of the University of Isfahan were chosen randomly. They answered Religious Orient...

[ 683 ] - Relationship between trust in leadership and athletic performance in selected sports (Gymnastics, Diving and Wushu)

Many of the social interpersonal relationships are formed in the context of sports, exercise and physical activity (Jowett & Cockerill, 2002). One of the special relationship, is the relationship between athletes and coach, which in the case of duration and intensity is similar to conventional and unique relationship between leaders and followers. In such environments, a key component in determ...

[ 684 ] - The comparison among fans loyalty motivations, supportive career and attendance in popular soccer pro-league clubs

The purpose of this study was comparison among of Fans loyalty motivation, supportive career and attendance in Iran’s popular soccer pro league clubs (Persepolis, Esteghlal, Teraktorsazi and Sepahan). The design applied in this research was descriptive-correlation.  The populations were whole pro league soccer fans in competition between Persepolis and Sepahan (with 55000 populations) and Esteg...

[ 685 ] - Relationship between perception of power bases sport federations' presidents and employees' effectiveness

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between power bases of sport federations' president (PBSP-other) with employees effectiveness. Population of this study was employees included of experts, federation committee chiefs and vise chiefs federation committee, n=288 that completed (POSP-other) questionnaire and employees Effectiveness. PBSP–other questionnaire (with 15 que...

[ 686 ] - The relationship among servant leadership style, team effectiveness, and team performance in the Iranian men's Volleyball pro-league teams

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among servant leadership, team effectiveness, and team performance of the Iranian men's volleyball pro-league teams. Descriptive co-relational used as a research design. The statistical sample included players (n=173) and assistant coaches (n=66) from 15 teams. The data collected were gathered using two instruments: (a) The Organizat...

[ 687 ] - Examining and prioritizing the dimensions of organizational justice of administration of sport and youth of Tehran province

The purpose of this study is to classify different dimensions of organizational justice of administration of Youth and Sports of Tehran Province. The statistical population of this research includes all employees of administration of Youth and Sports of Tehran Province (N=180). Statistical sampling was based upon the whole with an equal volume with relevant society. For the purpose of data coll...

[ 688 ] - Athletics impulsively traits: A comparison between contact and noncontact sports

The aim ofthisstudy was to investigatedifferentaspects ofimpulsivityin the athletes of contact and non-contactsports. volunteer participants were 60 athletes of contact (age: 25.9±4.6 years) and non-contact (age: 27.6±4.9 years) sports. Participants were asked to complete the Barratt’s Impulsivity Scale (BIS-11) and participate in continuous performance test(CPT). Multivariate analysis of varia...

[ 689 ] - The Effect of a Course of Psychological Skills Training (PST) Program on Selected Mental Skills and the Performance of Teenager Female Taekwondo Athletes of Iranian National Team

The purpose of current study was to consider a course of doing psychological skills training (PST) program on chosen mental skills and the performance of teenager female taekwondo athletes with mean age 16 years of Iranian national team in 2009. The current study is in tentative type and pre and post test design with control group. To do this 22 people (female) among invited people to the camp ...

[ 690 ] - The relationship of coping strategies and performance–goal discrepancy (PGD) with positive and negative effects in sprinter runner of Iranian university students

This study examined the relationship between coping strategies and performance–goal discrepancy (PGD) with positive and negative effects before and after the competition. Sixty-two Iranian male sprinter runners, aged from 21 to 26 years, completed the Brief COPE (Carver, 1997) and the PANAS (Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988) questionnaire two hours before and six hours after the competition. The...

[ 691 ] - A Comparative Study of the Current Status of Iranian Universities Intramural Sport Programs with ten year ago

The purpose of this study was comparing the current status of intramural program Iranian universities with ten years ago. In this study, the status of Intramural Program of Iranian Universities in three fields (educational, recreational, championship sport) regarding the number of implemented programs and participants in intramural program and active sports were compared. For investigation of s...

[ 692 ] - The Relationship between Personal and Organizational Time Management Skills of Managers of P.E in Khuzestan Province

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between personal and organizational time management skills of directors of physical education administrations in Khuzestan province. Research design was correlational. The Statistical population of this study was consisted of general director and his assistants (N=6), managers of P.E offices (N=24), presidents (N=46) and vice preside...

[ 693 ] - Validation of the Organizational culture Assessment Instrument (OCAI) based on the Competing Values Framework Model (CVF) within Iranian Sport Organizations (Federations)

Today, the organizational culture variable is the main focus of analysis in many organizational studies. In the last years, this construct, has found special status in the field of sport management researches. This study aims to validate and investigate the psychometric properties of organizational culture assessment instrument (OCAI) based on the competing values framework model (CVF) in Irani...

[ 694 ] - Comparison of Factors Affecting on Sport Spectators` Attendance among Football, Basketball and Volleyball Professional Leagues in Iran

The purpose of this study was comparison of factors that affecting on spectators of football, basketball, and volleyball professional leagues. The statistical sample of this study was 500 spectators from each league that randomly selected from attendant spectators in stadiums. For statistical analysis of data used descriptive and inferential statistics methods includes Pearson correlation coeff...

[ 695 ] - Comparative study of indoor sport facilities and equipments of general administration of physical education and education ministry with standards in terms of safety and hygiene in Hamedan province

The aim of this study was a comparison between indoor sport facilities and equipments general administration of physical education and education ministry of Hamedan province with standards in term of safety and hygiene. Statistical population of this study includes the indoor sport facilities of hamedan province’s general administration of physical education (N=130) and education ministry (N=51...

[ 696 ] - The relationship of service quality, customer satisfaction and loyalty with future intention for participation of fitness centers (Case study Rasht Township)

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship of service quality, customer satisfaction and attitudinal loyalty on future intention of participations in fitness and aerobic centers of Rasht Township. The design of this study was correlational. The population of study includes all costumers of aerobic and fitness centers in Rasht that have one year attendance in this clubs. So, Acc...

[ 697 ] - Sport Commitment Model Test Scanlan and Simons in Taekwondo

Purpose:The purpose of this study was to examine the motives of sport commitment model of continuous participation in the martial art of taekwondo.Method: This study used survey & cross-sectional method. The data is gathered from 135 participants at taekwondo sport city of Yazd.The collection instrument of data was sporting commitment measure revised. Results: Results from the empirical test of...

[ 698 ] - Evaluation of task complexity with using the number of practice trails

The purpose of this study was to explore the effectiveness of the number of practice trials in determining the degree of task complexity. Sixty subjects according to the types of tasks (A-B) and receiving feedback (100%, omitted, self-control) were randomly divided into six groups.All of the subjects practiced 100 trials tasks in each day on first two days. Retention tests were performed during...

[ 699 ] - The effect of self-control feedback on the learning of generalized motor program and parameters during physical and observational practice

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of self-control feedback on the learningof generalized motor program and parameters during physical and observational practice. Participants (n=90) were randomly assigned to physical and observational practice (self-control, yoked and instructor KR) groups. They practiced a sequential timing task. The task required participants to press four k...

[ 700 ] - The Effect of Three Types of Training Environments (Competitive, NonCompetitive and Combined) on Acquisition and Retention of Open and Closed Skills

The aim of this research was to determine the effect of different training environments, type of skills and interactions on open and closed skills. The statistical  population was all students living in dormitories of Tehran University in the 88-89  academic year. The sample was 60 people selected based on convenience sampling methods among students who had no experience in badminton skills (Lo...

[ 701 ] - Manifestations of Sufism, Chivarly, and Shia Religion in Ancient Sport and Gymnasium of Iran

The purpose of this paper was to briefly discuss origins of the Iranian sport clubs and ancient sports. Apparently, ancient sports, from the very beginning, have been dramatically under the influence of social, religious, and ethical factors. For instance, such sports are influenced by the principles of Mithraism and Zoroastrianism be for the emergence of Islam. There are also some manifestatio...

[ 702 ] - The Relationship between organizational culture with knowledge management effectiveness and organizational effectiveness among selected sport organizations of Iran

The purpose of this study was to survey the relationship between organizational culture with knowledge management effectiveness and organizational effectiveness among selected sport organizations of Iran. For this purpose, 169 administrators and 209 experts have been selected using random sampling. The study scales consisted of Denison’s Organizational Culture Questionnaire (2007), Gold’s Knowl...

[ 703 ] - Study of Organizational Effectiveness in Selective Sporting Federations

It is widely recognized that the performance measurement of organizations should help them in their strategic decisions and in their capacity to evaluate their successes. This study uses the Competing Value Framework )CVF) for measurement the organizational effectiveness of four federations of basketball, handball, taekwondow and Weight lifting. Those federations were selected according to a go...

[ 704 ] - Estimation of Competitive Balance in Iran’s Football Pro League

Nowadays the subject of competitive balance in sport events is getting huge attention in world economic science. CB in sport means what team will win in a competition. In this research the status of CB in Iran’s football pro league is studied. It’s obvious that if Football league in terms of economic is supposed to be dynamic and alive in economic area, they must follow a suitable of CB. Data g...

[ 705 ] - The effect of changing coach on team’s performance in Iran’s Football Pro-League

This research aims to determination effect of changing coach on team’s performance in the Iran’s Football Pro-League during season. The method applied in this research is causal-comparative. The participants in this research were all the 54 teams in Iran’s pro league during three seasons (2008-09, 2009-10, 2010-11) and 30 teams which changed coaches were chosen as a sample. Variance analysis re...

[ 706 ] - The comparative study of barriers of sport participation among athletes and non-athletes’ female teachers in Hamadan, using Crawford hierarchical barriers (case study of female teachers in Hamadan)

The purpose of this study was the comparative study of barriers of sport participation among athletes and non-athletes’ female teachers in Hamadan, using Crawford hierarchical barriers. This was a cross-sectional study design including all female teachers in Hamadan (N =923). The sample was determined using Morgan’s Table (n=230) people were selected using stratified sampling (108 athletes and ...

[ 707 ] - Effects of training and Fitness Education on the Health-Related Physical Fitness Factors in Adolescent Students: Evaluating the Mediating Role of Knowledge and Internal Motivation

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of exercise and fitness education on physical fitness factors. 84 healthy non-athlete student (mean age 12.5±0.49 yrs, mean height 153.8±6.1 cm, mean wieght 46.25±7.3 kg) who had not regular activities for more than 6 months were voluntarily participated in this study. They were randomly divided among three groups: training-education (n=28),...

[ 708 ] - Relationship between Attitude, Organizational Structure and Organizational Climate with Information Technology Diffusion among Selected Sport Organizations in Iran

In this study the Relationship between attitude, organizational structure and organizational climate and information technology diffusion among selected sport organizations in IRAN wasinvestigated. Total 176 administrators and 194 experts using random sampling were selected. Questionnaires as the measuring attitude, researcher-designed organizational structure, organizational climate, informati...

[ 709 ] - The Relationship between Organizational Excellence and Organizational Commitment in Physical Education General Offices of Iran's Selected Provinces

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between organizational excellence and organizational commitment (OC) in physical education (P.E.) general offices of Iran's selected provinces. Validity of the questionnaires was verified by the experts and their reliability also calculated in a pilot study (;alpha=0.928 and ;alpha=0.83 respectively for EFQM and Allen, Meyer &...

[ 710 ] - The Relationship between Coach's Leadership Styles and Group Cohesion in Teams Participating in the 10thDomestic Universiade (Male Students)

The present study examined the relationship between coach's leadership styles and group cohesion in the individual and group teams participating in the 10th sport domestic universiade of male students. 321 out of 1906  students selected as sample of this study. Athletes completed two instruments in this study Leadership Scale for Sport (LSS, Chelladurai & Saleh, 1980) and the Group Environment ...

[ 711 ] - The comparison of Physical Skill, Cognitive, and Affective Needs of Female Students in Physical Education Curriculum

The purpose of this study was ranking the psycho-motor, cognitive, and affective needs of elementary, junior-high, and high school student. For this purpose, 385 P.E. specialists, 1370 Femalephysical educators, 1509 Femalestudents, and 1385 student mothers from capital cities of 25 provinces in the country, participated in this study. Twelve physical-motor needs, 15 sport-skill needs, 13 cognit...

[ 712 ] - Effect of Procedures AugmentedFeedback Presentation (after Successful and Unsuccessful Trials), on Learning and Error Detection Capability, in Force-Produce Task

The aim of this study was examining the effect of knowledge of results presentation (after successful and unsuccessful trials), on learning and error detection capability in force-produce task. Sixty under graduated students (range age 21.6±4), participated in this study and in order to KR presentation, divided in three groups. One of the groups received KR after successful trials, the other gr...

[ 713 ] - The Relationship and Comparison between Perfectionism andMood States of Team and Individual Sports Athletes

Perfectionism and mood states are psychological constructs which according to the results of recent studies, have substantial role in sport performance. The purpose of this research was to determine and compare therelationship between sport perfectionism and mood states inteam and idiviual sports athletes. The Research method used is descriptive with a correlative approach. Based on random samp...

[ 714 ] - Perceived Motivational Climate, Psychological Needs Satisfaction and Self-Determined Motivation in Youth Male Athletes

This study examines the relationship pattern of the motivational climate,satisfaction of the psychological needs and self-determined motivation in youth male athletes based on the self-determination theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985, 2000). A sample of 255 athletes ranging from 12-14 years of age from varity of team sports completed the Motivational climate in youth sport, behavioral regulations toward...

[ 715 ] - Determination of Strategic, Existing and Desirable Situation of Entrepreneurship in Sport of Iran

The purpose of this study is survey of existing and desirable status in Iran’s entrepreneurial in sport from the view point of sport experts. This study is descriptive­_ analytic one and was conducted as a survey and statistical sample consisted of 64 subjects including: physical education organization top managers and sport management professors. Data collected by interviews and research desig...

[ 716 ] - The Effect of External and Internal Focus of Attention on Shot Put Skill

The purpose of the present study was to study the effect of attentional focus instructions on motor skills that requiring near to maximum force production, such as shot put skill. In this experiment, twenty eight right- handed girl students with little shot put experience were selected voluntarily. They divided to two groups (internal and external focus) based on their shot put scores in pre- t...

[ 717 ] - The Effect of Coaching Behaviors on Coaching Efficacy and Team Dynamic of Volleyball Pro-League Players in Iran (2009)

The purpose of the present study was to determinethe effect of coaching behaviors on coaching efficacy and team dynamic of vollyball pro- league in Iran (2009). 160 athletes and coach from 13 team participated as samples in this study. Coacing behavior was measured by Martin, S.B., & Barnes, K. (1999) Coaching Behavior questionnaire. Coaching Efficacy was measured by Feltz, D.L., Chase, M.A, Mo...

[ 718 ] - A Study of the Relationship between the Styles of Conflict Management and the Quality of Dyadic manager-employee Communication in Sport Organizations. A Case Study in Mazandaran Province

Purpose of this research was to study of the relationship between the styles of conflict management and the quality of the relationship between manager and employee, emphasizing on their demographic attributes. The methodology of this research was descriptive, present-based and practical. The sampling frame for this study consists of 100 managers and employees who are in administration of physi...

[ 719 ] - The Study of the Relationship between the Workaholism and the Work Life Quality of Physical Education Instructor of Universities in Iran

The main aim of this study was to find out the relationship between the workholism and the quality of work life among the physical education instructor throughout the country. This research included 264 physical education instructor in the universities belong   to Ministry of Sciences, Research and Technology of Iran. Of them, 163 persons have been chosen by simple random sample method based on...

[ 720 ] - Effect of Blocked, Random, and systematically Increasing Practice Schedules on Learning of Various Basketball Pass

This research aims at studying the effect of different Practice Schedules (Blocked, Random, and systematically increasing) on acquisition, retention and transfer different basketball pass Species (overhead, chest and single arm). Subjects included 45 secondary male students (Mean age 17.14± 0.75) whom were assigned into three matched groups Blocked, Random and systematically increasing (its men...

[ 721 ] - The Effect of Perceived Coaches’ Leadership Behavior on Motivational Climate and Athlete Satisfaction of Women Taking Part in Basketball Super League of Iran

The aim of this study is to determine the effect of perceived coach leadership behavior on motivational climate and athlete satisfaction of women taking part in basketball super league of Iran. Statistical population of this study was included from all super leagues’ female basketball players. Sample society was equal to all 174 athletes of statistical society and the method of research was des...

[ 722 ] - The Relationship among Job Satisfaction, Organizational Commitment and Internal Service Quality in Selected Federations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among job satisfaction, organizational commitment and internal service quality in selected federations. For this purpose Xie, Di (2005) questionnaire was used. Reliability of the questionnaire after a pilot study using Cronbach's alpha test (;alpha =0/86) respectively. Statistical society desired to study all the staff federations sw...

[ 723 ] - Effect of type of attentioal instruction and increasing frequency on relative phase stability of coordination bimanual movements

Thepurpose of present research was to answer to this question that how attentionalinstructions and increasing frequency of movement impress on relative phasestability in coordination bimanual movements? Participants (N=14) practiced inphase and anti phase under internal and external attention and increasingfrequency. In acquisition phase apply external v. internal attention and aftereach trial ...

[ 724 ] - The Relationship Between Transformational and Transactional Leadership Styles with Organizational Commitment of Physical Educators

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between leadership styles (transformational, transactional and non-leadership) of school administrators and commitment of P.E teachers in Hamedan province. Methodology: The Statistical population consisted of school administrators (N=110) and physical educators (N=200) in Hamedan province. Statistical sample was equal to s...

[ 725 ] - Social Capital Role on Sport Consumption (Spectating): The Study in Yazd City Youth

Thepurpose of this study was to consider the impact of social capital among youthsport consumption (spectating). This study used survey & cross-sectionalmethod. The data gathered from 385 youths whom selected via stratified samplingand then random sampling from 20 to 30 years old youth in 3 zone of Yazd city.The collection instrument of data was social capital questionnaire designed.Cronbach Al...

[ 726 ] - Tafarrod-e Fatwaei and an Evaluation of the Documentation of Feiz Kashani’s Tafarrodat-e Fatwaei

One of the most controversial issues in Islamic jurisprudence which is related to hadith sciences too is tafarrod-e fatwaei (a case in which there is only a single fatwa) and disagreement with shohrat-e fatwaei (popularity of fatwas) though this kind of tafarrod is due to legitimate reasons, including those from narrations, as giving opinion over jurisprudential issues while ignoring shohrat-e ...

[ 727 ] - The Relationship between Laylat al-Qadr and the Infallible Divine Authority With a Ta’wili Approach and a Focus on Surah al-Dokhan

The revelation and the descending of the Quran on a blessed night and the determination of man’s destiny on that night are among the issues mentioned in the initial verses of Surah al-Dokhan, which is one of the seven surahs beginning with the Arabic letters ح   and م. By correlating the descending of the Quran on a blessed night and the initial verses of Surah al-Qadr, it becomes clear that La...

[ 728 ] - Artistic Imagery in Fadak Sermon

Today, imagery has a special place in the analysis and criticism of literary texts. This artistic tool which is one of the most important forms of expression in theology transmits ideas intuitively using fantasy and the figurative applications of the language. This transmission makes the meaning more tangible and helps to consolidate it in the audience's mind. In the present study, using the de...

[ 729 ] - Studying the problems of student participation in research activities

The present study investigates the problems of student participation in research activities in Farhangiyan University. The research method was descriptive – survey. The research instrument, interviews and a questionnaire were designed. In the interview, purposeful sampling; theoretical saturation and for gathering data from questionnaire, simple random method was used. Construct and content val...

[ 730 ] - A study of the educational, cultural and social consequences of increasing women’s enrollment in higher education

The growing presence of girls in higher education is an issue that has attracted attention and has a lot of opponents and proponents. In this article, effects of this event were studied in three dimensions, cultural, social and educational. Research method was descriptive – survey and the population of study was all students and faculty members at Isfahan University, Isfahan University of Techn...

[ 731 ] - The relationship between self-control and moral judgment on the academic achievement of fifth grade students

Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the development of moral judgment and self-control growth of student achievement of fifth grade elementary schools in Sabzevar city, The sample size, 250 students (124 boys and 126 girls) were selected by multistage cluster sampling method was rudimentary. In this study, to collect data from two questionnaires: 1) mor...

[ 732 ] - Path Analysis of the Effect of mobile phone usage on academic engagement: the Mediating Role of attention

  This study was carried out to provide a structural model for illustrating the structural relationships between the amount of mobile phone usage and academic engagement with mediating role of attention in students at the University of Birjand. The statistical population of this study included all students studying at Birjand University in the academic year 2015-2016. Sample included 200 stude...

[ 733 ] - Research Help Seeking Situation among Students of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

This study aims to examine the situation of research help seeking among graduate students (students of master and Ph.D. candidates) at Ferdowsi University of Mashhad. The sample size was 425, selected by Quota sampling and based on educational level, gender and faculty. The 58 items questionnaire prepared and analyzed by the researchers was used to measure research help seeking. The results sho...

[ 734 ] - Effect of Educational pattern Training on Parent-Child Relationship and Critical Thinking

Parents and children from tender age through adolescence continue to renew relationships with each other. This study aims to show how Training Educational pattern influenced the Parent-Child Relationship subsequent critical thinking. In this study quasi-experimental pretest-posttest control group method was used. Statistical population of all female students in twelfth grade schools in Birjand ...

[ 735 ] - Exploration of Relationship Between Usage of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Tools and Critical Thinking Desposition Among Distance Education Students

One of the main objectives of the ICT-based education is training of critical thinking skills. Critical thinking is essential for a thouthful way of living and compatability to rapid social changes. The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship betweeen usage of ICT tools and critical thinking desposition among distance education students. The research was done through descriptive (...

[ 736 ] - The Comparison of Temperament, Character, and Distraction between Deaf and Normal Students

The main purpose of present study was to comparing of temperament character and distraction between students deaf and normal. This research was a causal-comparative study. The statistical population consisted of all students studying deaf and normal in the second half of 2014, the city was Gilan- Gharb (20 = N). Due to the limited population size were chosen as the deaf And 20 normal students a...

[ 737 ] - Analysis of the Relationship between Distributed Leadership Style and Organizational Effectiveness of High Schools in Hamadan

The main objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between Distributed Leadership and Organizational Effectiveness of high schools in Hamadan city. The research method was descriptive-correlation. The statistical population included all high school teachers of Hamadan in the academic year of 2015. Based on classical random sampling, using Krejcie and Morgan chart, 335 teachers...

[ 738 ] - Academic Achievement Based on Students Goal Orientation and Subjective well-being and Parents Goal Orientation and Subjective well-being by Structural Equation

The purpose of t the study is to test the model for the explanation of academic achievement based on students' goal orientation and subjective well-being and parents' subjective well-being and goal orientation for the third year high school students. 441 females’ students and their parents were selected by cluster sampling in this correlation study. Students filled the Positive and Negative Aff...

[ 739 ] - Personal Knowledge Management: Competitive Competency of Knowledge Workers

Dynamic and complex circumstances of any organization, especially educational organizations critically require creative and innovative knowledge workers. Various skills such as personal knowledge management (PKM) are necessary to succeed in job and professional career. PKM is one of the best sources of personal, collective, and organizational innovations and proper direction of organizatio...

[ 740 ] - Redefine of Education and its Components Based on the Phenomenological Concept of Identity

The concept of identity is one of the most crucial issues of human society. One of the areas in which the concept of identity has been strongly discussed, is education. In each period, affected by the terms and textural characteristics of societies and eras, identity has found special concept.The authors attempt to redefine education and its components, based on the phenomenological concep...

[ 741 ] - The Role of Gender Segregation on Academic Achievement and Social Acceptance in Primary Schools

The interest on studying Single-Sex and Coeducational Elementary Schooling has grown significantly among researchers. Despite this, there has been no research on this topic in Iran till now. The effects of school type on academic achievement and social desirability which are among important variables are examined in this research. The research design is causal-comparative. The population i...

[ 742 ] - Learning Style an Approach for Academic Guidance of High School Students

The purpose of this study was investigating high school students’ learning styles in order to develop an instrument for academic guidance. The population of this study consisted of male students in three fields of science, mathematics, and humanities in high schools of Hamedan. The sample, consisted of 170 male students in grades 2 and 3 of high school in the fields of science, mathematics...

[ 744 ] - Improving algebraic quadric equations learning in high school freshmen through using Management Education Model

The main purpose of this research was investigating the effectiveness of Management Education Model (MEM) in improving a high school freshmen learning in the algebraic quadric equations in the District 5 in the academic year 90-91in Tehran. The independent variable was a scenario made in 10 chunks introducing into the class scene sequentially. A simple random selection of students in 5 classes ...

[ 745 ] - The Teacher's Perspective on How to Delight Schools Considering the Physical Standards

Joy and happiness has always been as one of the most important needs of students and teachers at schools. Studies have shown that physical factors, management, and relationships at school are involved in creating happiness in teachers and students. In the present study, our main focus is on the physical aspect of schools, which should be in accordance with the standards of education, according...

[ 746 ] - Organizational Factors Affecting Knowledge Sharing Within Group (Case Study: Offices of the Central Building of BSI)

One of the most important resources for any organization, competitiveness and innovation, knowledge management and knowledge sharing in the organization and the process is correct. Despite the importance knowledge sharing, manpower agencies may refrain from doing it. That's why one of the key challenges in knowledge management is how organizations can encourage employees to share their knowledg...

[ 747 ] - Analysis of national identity in textbooks

Today, national identity is one of the most important issues in developing countries is planned. Much of the training of national identity in the context of formal education takes place .Beginning with the period of fundamental transformation textbooks is also consistent with the new approach. The present article deals with the analysis of national education and from this point of clarification...

[ 748 ] - Developing Strategic Management Model for Higher Education in Iran

Strategic management has known as an essential and critical factor to efficiency and effectiveness of organizations at any rganizational domains and activities. Application of Strategic management in higher education has increasingly developed in last decades. The aim of this research is developing a Strategic Management Model (SMM) for Iranian Higher Education system. The research sample consi...

[ 749 ] - Impact of Information Technology in Developing and Improving the Quality of Education

With rapid changes in techniques and skills in information technology and the emergence of new phenomena and their impact on the methods and techniques to living, learning one of the fundamental pillars of society has been transformed While the e-learning as a new paradigm, has been able to responsible for huge volume of education and learning is present. This paper survey the concept of learni...

[ 750 ] - Topics on the Ratliff-Rush Closure of an Ideal

Introduction Let  be a Noetherian ring with unity and    be a regular ideal of , that is,  contains a nonzerodivisor. Let . Then . The :union: of this family, , is an interesting ideal first studied by Ratliff and Rush in [15]. ‎  The Ratliff-Rush closure of  ‎ is defined by‎ . ‎ A regular ideal  for which ‎‎ is called Ratliff-Rush ideal.‎‏‎ ‎ The present paper, reviews some of the known prop...

[ 751 ] - Estimation of the Parameters of the Lomax Distribution using the EM Algorithm and Lindley Approximation

Estimation of statistical distribution parameter is one of the important subject of statistical inference. Due to the applications of Lomax distribution in business, economy, statistical science, queue theory, internet traffic modeling and so on, in this paper, the parameters of Lomax distribution under type II censored samples using maximum likelihood and Bayesian methods are estimated. Wherea...

[ 752 ] - Numerical Solution of Weakly Singular Ito-Volterra Integral Equations via Operational Matrix Method based on Euler Polynomials

Introduction Many problems which appear in different sciences such as physics, engineering, biology, applied mathematics and different branches can be modeled by using deterministic integral equations. Weakly singular integral equation is one of the principle type of integral equations which was introduced by Abel for the first time. These problems are often dependent on a noise source which a...

[ 753 ] - Normal forms of Hopf Singularities: Focus Values Along with some Applications in Physics

This paper aims to introduce the original ideas of normal form theory and bifurcation analysis and control of small amplitude limit cycles in a non-technical terms so that it would be comprehensible to wide ranges of Persian speaking engineers and physicists. The history of normal form goes back to more than one hundreds ago, that is to the original ideas coming from Henry Poincare. This tool p...

[ 754 ] - Bifurcation analysis and dynamics of a Lorenz –type dynamical system 

./files/site1/files/0Abstract1.pdfIn this paper we consider a continues Lorenz – type dynamical system. Dynamical behaviors of this system such as computing equilibrium points, different bifurcation curves and computation of normal form coefficient of each bifurcation point analytically and numerically. In particular we derived sufficient conditions for existence of Hopf and Pitchfork bifurcati...

[ 755 ] - Application of Gompertz-Poisson Distribution in LifetimeTheory

Gompertz-Poisson distribution is a three-parameter lifetime distribution with increasing, decreasing, increasing-decreasing and unimodal shape failure rate function and a composition of Gompertz and Poisson distributions cut at zero point that in this paper estimated the parameters of the distribution by maximum likelihood method and in order to confirm the calculated estimates, based on random...

[ 756 ] - A Comparison of Thin Plate and Spherical Splines with Multiple Regression

Thin plate and spherical splines are nonparametric methods suitable for spatial data analysis. Thin plate splines acquire efficient practical and high precision solutions in spatial interpolations. Two components in the model fitting is considered: spatial deviations of data and the model roughness. On the other hand, in parametric regression, the relationship between explanatory and response v...

[ 757 ] - Invariant Empirical Bayes Confidence Interval for Mean Vector of Normal Distribution and its Generalization for Exponential Family

Based on a given Bayesian model of multivariate normal with  known variance matrix we will find an empirical Bayes confidence interval for the mean vector components which have normal distribution. We will find this empirical Bayes confidence interval as a conditional form on ancillary statistic. In both cases (i.e.  conditional and unconditional empirical Bayes confidence interval), the empiri...

[ 758 ] - The Zografos–Balakrishnan-log-logistic Distribution

Tthe Zografos–Balakrishnan-log-logistic (ZBLL) distribution is a new distribution of three parameters that has been introduced by Ramos et el. [1], and They presented some properties of the new distribution such as its probability density function, The cumulative distribution function, The  moment generating function, its hazard (failure) rate function, quantiles and moments, Rényi and Shannon ...

[ 759 ] - Estimation of parameter of proportion in Binomial Distribution Using Adjusted Prior Distribution

Historically, various methods were suggested for the estimation of Bernoulli and Binomial distributions parameter. One of the suggested methods is the Bayesian method, which is based on employing prior distribution. Their sound selection on parameter space play a crucial role in reducing posterior Bayesian estimator error. At times, large scale of the parametric changes on parameter space bring...

[ 760 ] - Spatial Correlation Testing for Errors in Panel Data Regression Model

To investigate the spatial error correlation in panel regression models, various statistical hypothesizes and testings have been proposed. This paper, within introduction to spatial panel data regression model, existence of spatial error correlation and random effects is investigated by a joint Lagrange Multiplier test, which simultaneously tests their existence. For this purpose, joint Lagrang...

[ 761 ] - Comparison between Frequentist Test and Bayesian Test to Variance Normal in the Presence of Nuisance Parameter: One-sided and Two-sided Hypothesis

 This article is concerned with the comparison P-value and Bayesian measure for the variance of Normal distribution with mean as nuisance paramete. Firstly, the P-value of null hypothesis is compared with the posterior probability when we used a fixed prior distribution and the sample size increases. In second stage the P-value is compared with the lower bound of posterior probability when the ...

[ 762 ] - Study of Random Biased d-ary Tries Model

Tries are the most popular data structure on strings. We can construct d-ary tries by using strings over an alphabet leading to d-ary tries. Throughout the paper we assume that strings stored in trie are generated by an appropriate memory less source. In this paper, with a special combinatorial approach we extend their analysis for average profiles to d-ary tries. We use this combinatorial appr...

[ 763 ] - Orbital Normal Forms for a family of-zero Singularity

Consider a Dynamical system x'=F(x,µ) such that its linear part has a pair of imaginary eigenvalues and one zero eigenvalue (Hopf zero singularity). Recently, the simplest normal form for this singular system has been obtained by sl(2) Lie algebra theory and the decomposition of space into three invariant subspaces. The normal form of this singular system is divided into three general cases. In...

[ 764 ] - Using operational matrix for numerical solution of fractional differential equations

In this article, we have discussed a new application of modification of hat functions on nonlinear multi-order fractional differential equations. The operational matrix of fractional integration is derived and used to transform the main equation to a system of algebraic equations. The method provides the solution in the form of a rapidly convergent series. Furthermore, error analysis of the pro...

[ 765 ] - Monte Carlo Comparison of Approximate Tolerance Intervals for the Poisson Distribution

The problem of finding  tolerance intervals receives very much attention of researchers and are widely used in various statistical fields, including biometry, economics, reliability analysis and quality control. Tolerance interval is a random interval  that covers a specified  proportion of the population with a specified confidence level. In this paper, we compare approximate tolerance interva...

[ 766 ] - Some Remarks on Commuting Fixed Point Free Automorphisms of Groups

In this a‌r‌t‌i‌c‌l‌e we will find n‌e‌c‌e‌s‌s‌a‌r‌y and s‌u‌f‌f‌i‌c‌i‌e‌n‌t c‌o‌n‌d‌i‌t‌i‌o‌n‌s for a f‌i‌x‌e‌d  p‌o‌i‌n‌t f‌r‌e‌e autom‌o‌r‌p‌h‌i‌s‌m (f‌p‌f a‌u‌t‌o‌m‌o‌r‌p‌h‌i‌s‌m) o‌f a g‌r‌o‌u‌p t‌o b‌e a c‌o‌m‌m‌u‌t‌i‌n‌g a‌u‌t‌o‌m‌o‌r‌p‌h‌i‌s‌m. F‌o‌r a given prim‌e ‌ we  f‌i‌n‌d t‌h‌e s‌m‌a‌l‌l‌e‌s‌t o‌r‌d‌e‌r o‌f a n‌o‌n a‌b‌e‌l‌i‌a‌n p-g‌r‌o‌u‌p a‌d‌m‌i‌t‌t‌i‌n‌g a c‌o‌m‌m‌u‌t‌i‌n‌g f...

[ 767 ] - Analytical Treatment of Volterra Integro-Differential Equations of Fractional Derivatives

In this paper the solution of the Volterra integro-differential equations of fractional order is presented. The proposed method consists in constructing the functional series, sum of which determines the function giving the solution of considered problem. We derive conditions under which the solution series, constructed by the method is convergent. Some examples are presented to verify convergen...

[ 768 ] - Bernoulli Wavelets Method for Solution of Fractional Differential Equations in a Large Interval

In this paper, Bernoulli wavelets are presented for solving (approximately) fractional differential equations in a large interval. Bernoulli wavelets operational matrix of fractional order integration is derived and utilized to reduce the fractional differential equations to system of algebraic equations. Numerical examples are carried out for various types of problems, including fractional Van...

[ 769 ] - Amenability and Weak Amenability of the Semigroup Algebra l^1 (〖 S〗_T )

Let S be a semigroup with a left multiplier  on S. A new product on S is defined by  related to S and  such that S and the new semigroup ST have the same underlying set as S. It is shown that if  is injective then where, is the extension of  on  Also, we show that if  is bijective then is amenable if and only if is so. Moreover, if  S completely regular, then is weakly amenable. 

[ 770 ] - Exponential Stability of Linear Systems with Multiple Time Delays

In this paper, a class of linear systems with multiple time delays is studied. The problem of exponential stability of time-delay systems has been investigated by using Lyapunov functional method. We will convert the system of multiple time delays into a single time delay system and show that if the old system is stable then the new one is so. Then we investigate the stability of converted new ...

[ 771 ] - The new generalized inverse Weibull distribution

Failure rate is one of the important concepts in reliability theory. In this paper, we introduce a new distribution function containing four parameters based on inverse Weibull distribution. This new distribution has a more general form of failure rate function. It is able to model five ageing classes of life distributions with appropriate choice of parameter values so that it is displayed decr...

[ 772 ] - The Application of Numerical Analysis Techniques to Pattern Recognition of Helicopters by Area Method

In this paper, a new method to selecting different viewing angles feature vector is introduced to recognition different types of Helicopters. Feature vector 32 components based on characteristics of the shape, Area and a length to describe a binary two-dimensional image was created, shape feature and length feature not only effective but area features effective and were used. New features vecto...

[ 773 ] - Spatial Modeling of Censored Survival Data

An important issue in survival data analysis is the identification of risk factors. Some of these factors are identifiable and explainable by presence of some covariates in the Cox proportional hazard model, while the others are unidentifiable or even immeasurable. Spatial correlation of censored survival data is one of these sources that are rarely considered in the literatures. In this paper,...

[ 774 ] - Introducing a New Lifetime Distribution of Power Series Distribution of the Family Gampertz

In this Paper, We propose a new three-parameter lifetime of Power Series distributions of the Family Gampertz with decreasing, increasing, increasing-decreasing and unimodal Shape failure rate. The distribution is a Compound version of of the Gampertz and Zero-truncated Possion distributions, called the Gampertz-Possion distribution (GPD). The density function, the hazard rate function, a gener...

[ 776 ] - A Statistical Study of two Diffusion Processes on Torus and Their Applications

Diffusion Processes such as Brownian motions and Ornstein-Uhlenbeck processes are the classes of stochastic processes that have been investigated by researchers in various disciplines including biological sciences. It is usually assumed that the outcomes of these processes are laid on the Euclidean spaces. However, some data in physical, chemical and biological phenomena indicate that they cann...

[ 777 ] - Stabilization of Nonlinear Control Systems through Using Zobov’s Theorem and Neural Networks

Zobov’s Theorem is one of the theorems which indicate the conditions for the stability of a nonlinear system with specific attraction region. We have applied neural networks to approximate some functions mentioned in Zobov’s theorem in order to find the controller of a nonlinear controlled system whose law in a mathematical manner is difficult to make. Finally, the effectiveness and the applica...

[ 778 ] - A Mathematical Analysis of New L-curve to Estimate the Parameters of Regularization in TSVD Method

A new technique to find the optimization parameter in TSVD regularization method is based on a curve which is drawn against the residual norm [5]. Since the TSVD regularization is a method with discrete regularization parameter, then the above-mentioned curve is also discrete. In this paper we present a mathematical analysis of this curve, showing that the curve has L-shaped path very similar t...

[ 779 ] - Bayesian Melding of Deterministic Models and Kriging for Analysis of Spatially Dependent Data

The link between geographic information systems and decision making approach own the invention and development of spatial data melding method. These methods combine different data sets, to achieve better results. In this paper, the Bayesian melding method for combining the measurements and outputs of deterministic models and kriging are considered. Then the ozone data in Tehran city are analyze...

[ 780 ] - Semiparametric Bootstrap Prediction Intervals in time Series

One of the main goals of studying the time series is estimation of prediction interval based on an observed sample path of the process. In recent years, different semiparametric bootstrap methods have been proposed to find the prediction intervals without any assumption of error distribution. In semiparametric bootstrap methods, a linear process is approximated by an autoregressive process. The...

[ 781 ] - The Status of Allegory and Symbolic Language in Quranic Stories: A Review and Critique of the Theory of Fantasization

One of the common views in contemporary Quranic research is the dialog on the existence of allegory and symbolic language in the Quran and Quranic stories. Citing such arguments as the common literary style between the Quranic stories and human stories, the use of symbols with specific modes of expression in the Quran and the cases in which the Divine intent is expressed through questions and a...

[ 782 ] - An Analysis of the Theories Dealing with the Authority of the Exterior of the Quran in Usul al-Fiqh

The question of the authority of the exterior of the Quran is among the issues common to usul al-fiqh (the principles of Islamic jurisprudence), tafsir (interpretation) and Quranic sciences. The present article delves into this issue discussing the most prominent theories about it such as the views of Akhbari and Usuli scholars. The critiques of the theory that seeks to refute this authority ar...

[ 783 ] - Explanation of the Methodological Error of Abolfazl Borqaei in Denying Estekhlaf Verse

Estekhlaf verse is the fifty-fifth verse of the holy Surah al-Noor, in which God makes a promise that those believers who carry out good deeds will be the successors of the rule of the righteous, disseminate the true religion and be in peace. This is one of the verses which is interpreted to refer to Imam Mahdi’s (a.s.) movement. Abolfazl Borqaei, having a background in Shiite religion and, of ...

[ 784 ] - The Relation of Happiness and Willingness to Pay Taxes: Are Happier People more Willing to Pay Taxes?

The main source of government revenue in Iran is revenue from crude oil and its products export. In the Sixth Development Plan bill, the government's emphasis on reducing the dependency of the state budget on oil and increasing the tax share to increase the tax revenue sources. The new government's approach to increasing tax revenues is a change in the taxpayers’ willingness to pay taxes in the...

[ 785 ] - The Effect of Tax Incentives on Export of HS Commodity Groups

In many economies, the export promotion is defined as the main paradigm for the economy and tax exemptions is one of the prevailing policies in order to protect infant industries and this policy has been employed in the Iranian economy, too. The paper tries to evaluate the success degree of this policy in the Iranian economy. In this regard, the micro-data in various commodity groups based on H...

[ 786 ] - Investigating the Impact of Tax Revenues (Tax Expenditures) on Iran's Economic Growth

Taxes constitute the main sources of government revenue on one hand and, on the other hand, are one of the most important financial policy tools and can play a key role in economic growth and development. Therefore, it is important to identify tax payment potential as a step towards achieving these revenues. However, part of the tax revenue cannot be collected for legal and illegal reasons. In ...

[ 787 ] - Investigating Value Added Tax Impact on Economic Growth (Case Study of Iran and Other Developing Countries)

Abstract Since economic growth affects many economic indexes such as employment, poverty, distribution of income, health, etc., investigating the factors influencing economic growth is of great importance. This would be even more important in developing countries, which face such problems as poverty, unemployment etc. Considering the fact that the VAT is becoming more popular in developing cou...

[ 788 ] - Estimating VAT Policy and Compliance Gap across the Iran’s Provinces

Abstract This paper aims to propose a method for measuring the value added tax gap decomposed into two main components: compliance and policy gaps. By definition, policy gap is the difference between the potential tax revenue and what can be collected according to tax code. In comparison, the compliance gap is defined as the difference between full compliance with tax code and the actual compl...

[ 789 ] - Fabrication of polymeric microneedle arrays containing Amphotericin-B for transdermal drug delivery

Background and Aim: Drug delivery through the microneedle array has been considered as an easy and non-invasive method in recent years. The purpose of this study was to design and construct an array of biodegradable polymeric microneedles containing Amphotericin-B to introduce this system and its use in the treatment of cutaneous lesions caused by Leishmania major parasite inoculation as a mode...

[ 790 ] - Structural equation modeling in explaining the relationship between personality traits and perceived stress with body image concern in cosmetic surgery applicants

Background and Aim: Cosmetic surgery is one of the last achievements of human being for creation of beauty. The purpose of this study was to explain the relationship between personality traits and perceived stress with body image. Methods: This is a correlation type study relying on structural equation modeling. A total of 350 applicants for cosmetic surgery who referred to surgical centers ...

[ 791 ] - Identification of demodex ectoparasite and its association with facial skin lesions among in women

Background and Aim: Demodex is a common mite and ectoparasite in humans and animals. The existence of Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis in human skin can have a role in some inflammatory skin diseases such as acne, rosacea, and dermatitis. This study aimed to identify the prevalence of Demodex ectoparasite in women and its possible association with skin lesions. Methods: Fifty women wi...

[ 792 ] - The mediating role of difficulties in excitement adjustment on the relationship between attachment styles and psychopathology in female applicants of cosmetic surgery in Kermanshah

Background and Aim: Cosmetic surgery is one of the most common phenomena in recent decades. Due to high prevalence of psychiatric disorders among the cosmetic surgery applicants, it is important to explore the pathways and variables which affect mental health of these people. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mediating role of difficulties in excitement adjustment in the relat...

[ 793 ] - A brief review of psychosocial impact of onychomycosis

Onychomycosis is a common nail disorder. If left untreated, it may cause nail deformity and nail plate dystrophy. Since nails have aesthetic importance, onychomycosis may have some impact on quality of life by causing a change in the appearance of nail and/or nail dystrophy and by interfering with fine activities carried out by hand. The aim of this review is to evaluate the quality of life in ...

[ 794 ] - The Analysis of Physicians' Acquittal according to Current Iranian Laws

Background and Aim: Because of its direct connection with human life, medicine is a sacred profession that has been considered by infallible imams (pbuh) and stories have been told about it from the beginning of Islam. With the increasing progress of technology, the study of the relationship between a patient and his/her doctor and of patients' familiarity with their rights has expanded. Howeve...

[ 795 ] - Survey on the Contamination Rate of Stagnant Water and Soil to Vermamoeba Vermiformis in Arak Parks, Iran, 2017-2018

Background and Aim: Vermamoeba vermiformis is an opportunistic free living amoeba(FLA) that is ubiquitous in different environmental sources. This Amoeba can cause Amoebic Keratitis(AK) and Granulomatous Amoebic Encephlitis (GAE) in immunocompromised patients. This study was conducted to determine the rate of Vermamoeba vermiformis in stagnant water and soil in Arak. Materials and Methods:  In...

[ 796 ] - The Impact of Organizational Climate of College and Hospital Libraries of Medical Sciences Universities on Librarians' Job Burnout

Background and Aim: Considering the effect of organizational climate on work motivation, not using the librarians who have a satisfactory feeling about their job can cause irreversible damages to the library. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the effect of organizational climate of college and hospital libraries on the burnout of librarians working there. Materials and Methods: ...

[ 797 ] - Factor XI Polymorphism and Recurrent Miscarriage in Helal Infertility Center (Rouyesh) Patients

Background and Aim: Recurrent pregnancy loss(RPL) is known as two or three pregnancy losses before 20th week of pregnancy. RPL accounts for 5% of abortions in women and has a devastating effect on the marital status of families. One of the reasons for RPL is hemostatic complications; thus, we studied the correlation between factor XI polymorphism and RPL in patients who referred to Helal Infert...

[ 798 ] - Use of Gabapentin in Management of Acute Pain After Surgery, Review of Literature

Background and goals: Breast surgery is one of the most common surgical operations performed worldwide as well as in Iran. Acute postoperative pain is managed by different therapeutic modalities in these procedures, and opioid are the most frequently used option; however their adverse consequences imposes restriction of use.  The goal of this article is to review the effects of gabapentin on po...

[ 799 ] - Evaluation of Pregabalin medicine effect on amount of postoperative pain of impacted wisdom teeth

Abstract Background and aim: Regarding the prevalence of postoperative pain of impacted wisdom tooth and the fact that Pregabalin herbal medicine has been reported to reduce the pain, and to determine the effect of its consumption/ non-consumption on the amount of pain after surgery of Impacted Wisdom Tooth, this study was conducted at 2018 in Department of Oral 7 Maxillofacial surgery, Dentist...

[ 800 ] - The effect of different surface treatment methods on the color stability of monolithic zirconia

Abstract   Background & aim: There are so many studies about effect of colored drinks and mouthwashes on discoloration of different dental ceramics. However, little is known regarding the effect of colored drinks on discoloration of monolithic zirconia .The purpose of this invitro study  was to evaluate the effect of different surface treament methods on color stability of monolithic zirconia....

[ 801 ] - The survey of primary education course pattern to prevent from academic failure of dentistry students of Tehran Azad Dentistry University

Abstract BACKGROUND & AIM: According to the commonness of academic Failure and its well-known side- effects .the question that arises is how the primary education course should be to prevent the academic failure. Therefore this study performed on the different position managers of  Tehran Azad dental university to answer to this guest ion in year 2018 Materials and  Methods: This descriptive st...

[ 802 ] - A survey on the pattern of consumption and oral manifestations of a group of addicts in Tehran in 2017

Abstract: Background and Aim: Drug abuse can have harmful effects on the health of the body, especially oral health. The aim of this study was to investigate the oral manifestations of addicts in four maintenance centers in Tehran in 2017. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, patients' demographic data were recorded in a questionniare, then oral and teeth were  clinically evaluated...

[ 803 ] - Fake Variables in research

In each journal, the editorial board receives many articles but more than 70% of them are rejected. This happens because there is no real correlation among the variables in these articles or the variables and perceived relations are fake, which means playing with the variables nonexistent in reality. This rejection occurs mainly as a result of the researchers' misinterpretation of the interdisc...

[ 804 ] - Evaluation of the correlation of faults with karstic springs in the mountain range of Prav Bisotun-Kermanshah

In this research, due to the abundance of tectonic and karstic structures in the Prav Bisotun region, the relation between fault building and karstic springs was evaluated. To do this, we first prepare information layers including the location of the springs, the location of the closed holes, faults, the slope and the elevation floor layer, and then the graph of the grains of the faults is draw...

[ 805 ] - Geopolitical explanation for foreign policy of Islamic republic of Iran with an emphasis on Geo-economics capabilities

Knowing Country and understanding the capacity of its perimeter and international environment are essential components of the economy that the foreign policy of any country should be on the basis of territorial and social. The country relies on its geopolitical foundations that they are influenced by its geographical location can affect codification foreign policy in the international economy. ...

[ 806 ] - Explaining geopolitical components affecting the strategic linkages of countries Case Study: Iran and Iraq

 In the current disorderly world, securing benefits and achieving optimal security for countries alone is very difficult and unavoidable. Uniting with other countries and powers is a way to advance national goals and provide benefits, and bring more guarantees for countries to survive, advance, develop and peace. The factors and conditions that lead to the unification of the countries have been...

[ 807 ] - Synoptic-Statistical Analysis of Ozone's (O3) Extreme Days in Tehran

Air pollution is one of the most important natural hazards in cities that is one of the priorities of climate research.  In this research, synoptic situation of days polluted by ozone in Tehran have been studied and by environmental to circulation approach and cluster analysis. At first, was formed a matrix in 2417*41. Rows are indicated days and columns represent the number of stations. by clu...

[ 808 ] - Estimation and Analysis of Caspian Region's Future Rainfalls by Using General Atmospheric Circulation Models.

In recent years, the severe fluctuations in precipitation have affected various parts of the country. On the southern coasts of the Caspian Sea, precipitation as one of the important climatic parameters has undergone changes due to global climate change. In the present study, we tried to evaluate the effect of climate change on rainfall in this region by applying a suitable model. In this study...

[ 811 ] - Assessment the Vulnerability of Infrastructures in Ardabil City in terms of passive defense

At the moment with regard to geopolitical and geostrategic situation of Iran, the existence of countless underground resources and the formation of ideological state, unfortunately, in urban areas of the country, especially in Ardabil ,because of its proximity to the border of northern and northwestern borders with knowledge of this particular situation, economic and infrastructural projects, I...

[ 812 ] - Site Selection of Landfill with emphasis on Hydrogeomorphological – environmental parameters Shahrood-Bastam watershed

Municipal solid waste (MSW) is the natural result of human activities. If an appropriate management system do not use to this problem, it may lead to environmental pollution and jeopardize the human health. Landfill site selection in urban areas is a critical issue due to its huge impact on the economy, ecology, and the environmental health. Therefore, numerous criteria must be considered and t...

[ 813 ] - Investigating the Trend of Changes in some Climatic Elements in Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province

In this study, by using the Mann-Kendall nonparametric method and Sen' s Estimator slope test, the trend of some elements including  precipitation, average of maximum and minimum temperature and the  number of snowy days Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province covers part of Zagros and Zardkohe-Bakhtiari highlands, from which three major rivers including Zayandehrud, Dez and Karun originate. in an a...

[ 814 ] - Analysing the Physical Quality of Reconstructed Residential Environment of Bam City

In developing countries, every year natural hazards causes major losses in urban and rural settlements. In this regard, it is noteworthy that in December 2004 bam earthquake caused widespread damages. With over 9 years passed of this crisis and reconstruction after that, it is important to assess the quality of reconstruction. So, the problem is that how is the physical quality of Bam that reco...

[ 815 ] -

[ 816 ] - Spatial dispersion of climatic factors in North and central basin of Iran using statistical models

Understanding weather zoning and knowing homogeneous climate regions are essential for land use and regional planning. The aim of this study was to compare three different geographical climate of Iran, the Caspian coastal, mountainous and arid interior of the provinces of Mazandaran, Semnan, Tehran, Qazvin, Qom, and Markazi. In order to do this study, climatic data of 56 synoptic and climatolog...

[ 817 ] - Spatial Analysis of Kermanshah province Regional Development by using multi-criteria decision-making models

With the aim of development and reducing regional inequalities, regional planning is one of the most important subiects in developing countries. Regional planning requires the identification of the position of areas relative to each other in terms of their development. The aim of this study is to investigate and assess the level of Kermanshah province in terms of development indicators in order...

[ 894 ] - Optimization of Online induction Sensor for Ferrous Metals Particles Identification in Engine Oil

Engine oil is one of most important parameters in internal combustion engine that plays effective role in component wear. One of the ways to optimize the performance of the IC engines is online monitoring of wear particle in engine oil. There are different ways to identifying these particles, most of which are offline. Nowadays online oil monitoring sensors are quickly developed. In this study ...

[ 895 ] - Investigating the effect of nanocoating on friction loss and abrasion in the piston rings

The piston ring which prepares mechanical sealing of a combustion chamber, should have significant abrasion resistance and less friction loss, using appropriate ring coating. The coating widely used is CrN, because of its good abrasion resistance at room temperature. However, it suffers from some shortcomings, such as high abrasion rate at temperatures above 200°C and lack of self-lubricating p...

[ 896 ] - Simulation of Subcooled Flow Boiling Occurring in Internal Combustion Engine Water Jacket by Numerical Modeling in a Channel with Hot Spot

Boiling heat transfer always has been proposed as a solution for enhancing heat transfer between the fluid and solid surfaces. Subcooled flow boiling is one of the mechanisms that occur in Internal Combustion Engine water jacket in which high amounts of heat is transferred. In this research, it has been tried to simulate subcooled flow boiling in a geometry similar to coolant channel inside the...

[ 897 ] - Sustainability, Sustainable Livelihoods, Climate Risks, Small Scale -Farming

Farmers frequently cope with risks due to the uncertainty of climatic conditions. Population growth, changes in agricultural policies, environmental regulations and the degradation of natural resources such as soil and water also present farmers with numerous challenges. Although farmers have experience in coping with a certain degree of uncertainty, increased climate variability and changes ma...

[ 898 ] - Investigating the effects of climate change on the pattern of heat accumulation in apple trees cultivation areas in Iran during the future period

Climate change stand as the most important challenge in the future. Horticulture is one of the most sensitive and vulnerable sectors to the climate change. Climate change and global warming will endanger the production of agricultural products and food security. Because of required longer time to fruit production, fruit trees are heavily susceptible to damage from climate change. The purpose of...

[ 899 ] - Investigating the Impact of Authors’ Rank in Bibliographic Networks on Expertise Retrieval

Background and Aim: this research investigates the impact of authors’ rank in Bibliographic networks on document-centered model of Expertise Retrieval. Its purpose is to find out what kind of authors’ ranking in bibliographic networks can improve the performance of document-centered model.   Methodology: Current research is an experimental one. To operationalize research goals, a new test colle...

[ 900 ] - Data Analysis Methods in Social Networks

Background and Aim. The promising outlook of easy communication incurring minimum cost has caused social networks to face increasing number of active members each day. These members develop and expand international communication through information sharing including personal information. Thus, big data analysis of social networks provides companies, organizations and governments with ample and ...

[ 901 ] - Identifying and analyzing Business Information behavior of Khouzestan Science & Technology Park Companies

Background and purpose: Business Information is among the important sources for companies, especially for those located in Science and Technology Park which intend to launch a technological business and enter the market. To this end, different aspects of business information behavior of the companies need to be investigated. The aim of this article is to study business information behavior of c...

[ 902 ] - Impact of academic degree on researchers’ information seeking behavior: Case study of Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute

Background and Aim: Usually, researchers who have different levels of academic degrees, are different in terms of specialized knowledge. Also, academic degree may affect the information seeking behavior of researchers. Therefore, in this study, the difference of information seeking behavior of researchers with different academic degree for “conducting the research” and “updating scientific info...

[ 903 ] - An Investigation into the Structure of Research Articles and Writing Guidelines in the Iranian Knowledge and Information Science Journals

Background and Aim: The purpose of this research is investigating the structure of research articles in the Iranian knowledge and information science journals (peer reviewed journals). In the next step, the writing guidelines in the scientific journals websites that designed to introduce desired structure of a scientific paper are studied. Methods: The research was survey with analytical approa...

[ 904 ] - Applicability of BAT Model for Children Information Search Behavior in some Preschools in Tehran

Background and Aim: This study is set to represent information search process in the selected preschool children in Tehran (namely Mahgol and Taranom) and compare the results with BAT model. Methods: This is an Applied and comparative study with qualitative approach based on grounded theory. Research population was preschool children in Tehran from two different regions of city. Sampling was do...

[ 905 ] - Investigating the Effect of Spatial Proximity on Iran University- Industry Co-publications by using Gravity Model

Background and Aim: Due to the importance of scientific relations between university and industry, it is so important to identify the factors that affect these relations. So,the aim of this study is to investigate the effect of spatial proximity on university- industry collaboration. The collaboration indicator which is used here is University- Industry Co-publications. Methods: The research is...

[ 906 ] - Knowledge Sharing Behavior Model of Iranian Professionals in experts’ social networks: exploring indexes

Background and Aim: Due to the extensive use of knowledge intelligence, the future of countries depend on the application of specialized knowledge-based social networks. Thus, it is noteworthy to highlight the important role of the professionals. The key indicators of a model for knowledge sharing of Iranian experts, in experts’ social networks has been identified. Methods: For this purpose, ex...

[ 907 ] - The Study of graduate Students’ Model Measuring Access and Use of Electronic Information

Abstract Background and Aim: Research was carried out as a survey utilizing a researcher made questionnaire. 1149 postgraduate students were selected to fill in the research questionnaire, and 837 questionnaires were sent back. Along with descriptive statistics, independent samples t test was used to examine the difference between groups and Pearson co-efficient  to measure correlations of vari...

[ 908 ] - Using Digital Right Management technology in IRANDOC ETD System

Background and Aim: Easing the probability of violation of intellectual property rights and unauthorized access of digital resources is one of the most important consequences of  information and communication technologies like Internet. The purpose of this research is to identify the state of Using Digital Right Management technology in IRANDOC ETD system. Method: This research is an applied re...

[ 909 ] - Place of Internet in Health information seeking behavior: Case of young Internet users in Shiraz

Background and Aim: Nowadays, Internet is known as an attractive source of health information to manage individual's health.  Given the importance of it, this study examined the role of Internet in health information seeking behavior among young people in Shiraz.      Method: This research was a survey which target population were youth Internet users in the city of Shiraz.  A sample of 400 we...

[ 910 ] - Studying Users’ Emotions Attribution Style in Information Retrieval Based on Weiner’s Emotion Attribution Theory

Background and Aim: This research aimed to study emotions attribution style of users in information retrieval based on Weiner's theory. Methods: The survey method was used in this study. Population consisted of graduate students in humanities at Imam Reza (AS) International University. Sample of 72 students was selected.  Data was collected by attribution style questionnaire (ASQ) and two resea...

[ 911 ] - Media Literacy and Information Literacy and its Impact on Entrepreneurial Ability

Background and Aim: The aim search was to investigate the relationship between media literacy and information literacy of students of communication and information sciences and knowledge studies, and its impact on their entrepreneurial ability. Methods: This is a survey correlational method. Population consists of postgraduate students in information science and knowledge and communication scie...

[ 912 ] - Comparative Study of Methodological Approach to Models and studies of Information Seeking Behavior of Iranian Researchers

Background and Aim: The aim of this article is to revise the methodological status of some of the most prominent studies and models in the field of Information Seeking Behavior in order to provide Iranian researchers with a brief comparative perception of the field. Method: A literature review approach is applied to identify the research methods and historical origins of each study related to t...

[ 913 ] - An Investigation of Information Seeking Behavior of Graduate Students of Kharazmi University in Writeing Dissertation

  Background and Aim: These days, Internet and online databases play a significant role in peoples’ information-seeking behavior, especially for postgraduate students. The kind of behavior seen on the part of those students who get help from online databases to write their theses might be completely different from those who search library sources to get the needed information. This study invest...

[ 914 ] - Personal Information Management Behavior among Postgraduate Students of University of Birjand in Digital Environment

Background and Aim: Personal Information Management (PIM) process consists of four activities; acquisition, organization, maintenance and retrieval. Obviously this process is due to human limitations and expanding scope of personal space of information which has become an exhausting and difficult process. Use of technology and tools related to PIM could facilitate this procedure. This survey st...

[ 915 ] - Analyzing the Structural and Outward Features and Expected Activities of a Service-Extension Agricultural Website in Iran

Background and Aim: This study aimed to identify and Analyzing the structural and outward features and expected activities of a service-extension agricultural website, based on the views of experts in the field of agriculture and related sciences and webmasters and blogs in Iran. Method: The methodological approach was a descriptive and survey study. The statistical population of the study cons...

[ 916 ] - Relation between Information Literacy and Health Literacy of Students in Ferdowsi University of Mashhad

Background and Aim: This research aims to explore relation between health literacy and information literacy of post-graduate students in Ferdowsi university of Mashhad. Method: This research is descriptive-correlational survey research. Population included post-graduate students of Ferdowsi university of Mashhad that 368 of them were selected via stratified sampling. Two Questionnaires were use...

[ 917 ] - Information-Seeking Process of Shahid Chamran University Graduate Students and Their Use of Electronic, Print, and Human Information Resources

Background and Aim: This study attempted to investigate the information-seeking process of Shahid Chamran University postgraduate students, and how they use various information sources. The research also investigated he role of demographic characteristics in students' information-seeking process, as well as the problems and barriers they encounter in the process. Method: The population of the s...

[ 918 ] - A Sociological Definition and Categorization of Information Ethics

Background and Aim: This paper aims at the analysis of the definitions and categorizations of the realm of “Information Ethics” to criticize assumptions and clarify points of departure for introducing a new definition and categorization. Method: I used documentary research method and conceptual analysis approach. This method and approach is the best fits with the goal of pursuit roots of social...

[ 919 ] - Matching Scores of System Relevance and User-Oriented Relevance in SID, ISC and Google Scholar

Background and Aim: The main aim of Information storage and retrieval systems is keeping and retrieving the related information means providing the related documents with users’ needs or requests. This study aimed to answer this question that how much are the system relevance and User- Oriented relevance are matched in SID, SCI and Google Scholar databases. Method: In this study 15 keywords of ...

[ 920 ] - The Need for Cognition on Collaborative Information Behavior of MA Students of Psychology and Educational Sciences in Allameh Tabatabai University

Background and Aim: The need for cognition to the extent of involvement of the individual in intellectual activities, to assess individual differences in motivation for information processing, individual differences in the tendency of people to engage in and enjoy effortful thinking and, finally, refers to the processing of sound messages. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect...

[ 921 ] - The Impact of the Objective Complexity and Product of Work Task on Interactive Information Searching Behavior

Background and Aim: this study aimed to explore the impact of objective complexity and Product of work task on user's interactive information searching behavior. Method: The research population consisted of MSc students of Ferdowsi university of Mashhad enrolled in 2012-13 academic year. In 3 stages of sampling (random stratified, quota, and voluntary sampling), 30 cases were selected. Each of ...

[ 922 ] - User’s Interaction with Information through eFront Learning Management System

Background and Aim: In order to comprehension of interactive content and content production standards, and also users interaction with LMSs, and their behavior in dealing with information, the aim of this paper is to examine the users interaction information provided in the eFront application, an open source Learning Management System, by emphasizing SCORM standard. Method: The method that used...

[ 923 ] - Sources of anxiety during information seeking process

Background and Aim: the current study aims to determine factors which may cause negative feeling such as fear, uncertainty and anxiety during information seeking process. Method: In this review paper, different library resources and databases were searched in the areas of library anxiety, Internet anxiety, computer anxiety, information seeking, information searching and information retrieval t...

[ 924 ] - Using Interactive Search Elements in Digital Libraries

Background and Aim: Interaction in a digital library help users locating and accessing information and also assist them in creating knowledge, better perception, problem solving and recognition of dimension of resources. This paper tries to identify and introduce the components and elements that are used in interaction between user and system in search and retrieval of information in digital li...

[ 925 ] - Effective Triggers and Barriers of Self-archiving Behavior Displayed by Knowledge and Information Sciences’ faculty members in Iran

Background and Aim: The present investigation was carried out in order to study the self-archiving behavior displayed by Knowledge and Information Sciences (KIS) faculty members in Iran. It intended to discover the incentives and barriers impacting on this behavior as well as arriving at a baseline for predicting the extent of self-archiving. Method: A descriptive survey method was deployed. Th...

[ 926 ] - Collaborative Information Seeking Behavior: Concepts and Theories

Background and Aim: Collaborative information seeking is an interaction among members of a group who purposefully try to access and share joint information. Although collaboration is a key component of information seeking behavior, but most of the studies in this area are focused on individual information seeking behavior and collaborative aspects are considered much less. As a result, there is...

[ 927 ] - Analyzing Users’ Health Information Needs Based on the Yahoo Answers®

Background and Aim: People refer to virtual information resources for answering their medical questions. One of these resources includes question and answering (Q&A) sites in medicine. This study aims to analyze health  questions posted on the Yahoo Answers to identify health information needs, the motivations for asking questions, evaluation of information user satisfaction resulted from recei...

[ 928 ] - Performance Evaluation of Medical Image Retrieval Systems Based on a Systematic Review of the Current Literature

Background and Aim: Image, as a kind of information vehicle which can convey a large volume of information, is important especially in medicine field. Existence of different attributes of image features and various search algorithms in medical image retrieval systems and lack of an authority to evaluate the quality of retrieval systems, make a systematic review in medical image retrieval system...

[ 929 ] - Investigating the Extent of Correspondence between the Persian Book Final Indices and ISO 999 and B.S. 3700 Standards: The Case of the Field of Library and Information Sciences

Background and Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent of observing the standards of indexing (ISO 999-1996, BS 3700) of Library and Information Sciences books. Method: The study used descriptive-analytical methodology and the population consisted of all the Persian books, written and translated, in the field of Library and Information Sciences published from 2006 to 2012 w...

[ 930 ] - Investigating the Relationship between Social Capital and Knowledge Sharing at Iran’s National Information Centers

Background and Aim: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between social capital and knowledge sharing at national information centers in Iran. Method: This applied research was carried out using two questionnaires and a checklist. Data were collected from all the managers, but stratified random sample of staff members of three:  main national information centers (Nation...

[ 931 ] - The State of Online Social networking among Library and Information Sciences Students

Background and Aim: The present paper discusses results of a study which aimed to explore the knowledge and use of Online social networking by MLIS students in Iran and to explore their perceptions of using that technology for academic and professional purposes, and challenges they face for using them. Method: The research method was explorative and empirical. Data was collected through a web-b...

[ 932 ] - Investigation on Full-Text Databases Cited in LIS

Background and Aim: The main objective of this research was to investigate the use of full-text databases in the LIS theses of Tehran State Universities within the years 2005 and 2009. Method: For this purpose, the total of 9952 citations related to 172 existing theses in the academic central libraries were studied. The data collected were analyzed by the bibliometrics and citation analysis met...

[ 933 ] - Review and comparison of User Interface Characteristics of (Springer, Elsevier, Ebsco, ISI(WOS) and Ovid) as Perceived by University of Tehran Users

Background and Aim: The present investigation intends to compare and review various user interfaces from user standpoint and to ascertain its linkage with user satisfaction. Method: The research incorporated a descriptive survey of University of Tehran graduate student body. Using a targeted sampling, graduate students from the faculties of chemistry and Biology were selected. The instruments u...

[ 934 ] - Survey the Opinion of Blind and Visually Impaired on Incorporating Gadgets in Providing Information Services and Resources to Them

Background and Aim: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the opinion of blind and visually impaired of the possibility of employing gadgets in delivering resources and information services to them. Method: The research method was descriptive - survey and questionnaires were used to collect data. The data was analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. Results: The result ...

[ 935 ] - Unification of Two Approaches to Teacher Training in Iran: A Critical Review of Farhangiyan University’s Charter

Unification of Two Approaches to Teacher Training in Iran: A Critical Review of Farhangiyan University’s Charter   N. Moosaapoor, Ph.D.*   The historical facts imbedded in the century-old Iranian experience in teacher training reveal two different and coexisting approaches. One is a university-based four-year program aiming at training high school teachers, while the other is a two-year pro...

[ 936 ] - Farhangiyan University: Culmination of One Hundred Years of Official Teacher Training Efforts in Iran Starting with the Central Darolmo’allemin

Farhangiyan University: Culmination of One Hundred Years of Official Teacher Training Efforts in Iran Starting with the Central Darolmo’allemin Z. Gooyaa, Ph.D.* S. Gholaamaazaad, Ph.D. **   A perusal of the documents on the history of education in Iran reveals that the official starting point in teacher training goes back to the establishment of Central Daarolmo’allemin a hundred years a...

[ 937 ] - The Developmental Path of Internship Program within the Iranian System of Teacher Training

The Developmental Path of Internship Program within the Iranian System of Teacher Training   Gh. Ahmadi, Ph.D.* S. Maleki** M. Mehrmohammadi, Ph.D.*** S.M.R. EmaamJom’eh, Ph.D.****   Theoretically, internship programs can utilize any one of the three known approaches: craft model, applied science model, and reflective model. The purpose of the current paper has been to show the developme...

[ 938 ] - Hundred Years of Teacher Training in Iran: Opportunities, Threats, and Future Outlook

Hundred Years of Teacher Training in Iran: Opportunities, Threats, and Future Outlook   A. Saafi*   The history of formal education in Iran shows that teacher training, in its contemporary meaning, started in 1918 when the first center for training male teachers (Daarolmo’allemin) along with Daarolmo’allemaat for female teachers was established. During the past one hundred years tremendous ...

[ 939 ] - A Critical Analysis of Iranian Training Programs for Techno-Vocational Teachers across Time 

A Critical Analysis of Iranian Training Programs forTechno-Vocational Teachers across Time   A. A. Khallaaghi, Ph.D.* A. Navidi, Ph.D.**   The Iranian educational system has been facing, not only a shortage of techno-vocational teachers across all such schools and over the past one hundred years, but inadequacies in the qualities of those who have served in this sector. An analysis of th...

[ 940 ] - Teachers’ Professional Competencies: Past, Present, and Future

Teachers’ Professional Competencies: Past, Present, and Future   M. Rezaai, Ph.D.*   The purpose of this paper is to review the expected professional competencies throughout the history of teacher training in Iran. As such it covers both the past, covering the period from teacher training inception in 1918 to the Islamic revolution in 1979; and the present, since the revolution. Of course t...

[ 941 ] - The Developmental Path of Teacher Training Curriculum in Iran

The Developmental Path of Teacher Training Curriculum in Iran   A. R. Assaareh, Ph.D.* H. Bahaari BeygBaaghloo** A. Arabi Joneghaani***   The developmental path of Iranian teacher training curriculum, based on an analysis of the existing documents, consists of two tracts: one is influenced by the establishment of Daarolfonoon, the importing of scientific resources from Europe, and sending...

[ 953 ] - Canonical Analysis of the Relationships of Religiosity, Hope, and Optimism with the Meaning of Life and Quality of Life in Spinal Cord Injury Patients

Background and Purpose: The meaning of life and quality of life (QOL) are important among patients with spinal cord injury. Religiosity and positive psychological structures can play a role in explaining the meaning of life and QOL. Therefore, the current canonical analysis aimed to investigate the relationships of religiosity, hope, and optimism with the meaning of life and QOL among the spina...

[ 954 ] - Design and Evaluation of the Spiritual Health Locus of Control Scale (SHLCS) in the Iranian Students

Background and Purpose: The spiritual dimension is one of the health dimensions; however, its measurement faces some serious problems, owing to the lack of a clear and comprehensive definition, as well as the challenges present in its spiritual conceptualization. Therefore, the present study aimed to design and evaluate the instrumental psychometric properties, which are matched to the cultural...

[ 955 ] - Expression of the Spiritual Experiences of AIDS (HIV) Infected Women: A Qualitative Study

Background and Purpose: Spirituality can affect the patients’ perception of health, disease, and interaction with other individuals. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is more stressful in women due to their maternal role and reproductivity; therefore, coping with the disease is more difficult for women than for men. Materials and Methods: This qualitative study tried to investigate experience...

[ 956 ] - Effectiveness of Positivist Psychology Education with the Islamic Approach on Psychological Capital in Cardiovascular Patients

Background and Purpose: Cardiovascular disease is a chronic condition which imposes an economic burden on the individual and community. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of positivist psychology education with the Islamic approach on psychological capital in cardiovascular patients. Materials and Methods: This semi-experimental study was conducted on cardiovascular...

[ 957 ] - An Analysis of the Salīm Heart Semantics: An Approach to Spiritual Health in Holly Quran

Spiritual health has great importance in human life to the extent that in recent years the World Health Organization (WHO) looked with favor on it. Holy Quran has introduced itself as a healing prescription for the human soul. Spiritual health is associated with the keyword of “Heart” in the Quran's literature, and the concepts of sick and healthy hearts have been mentioned in it. In this regar...

[ 958 ] - Milk Consumption and the Risk of Cardiovascular Diseases: From the Quran and Hadiths Perspective

There are controversial findings about the relationship between milk intake and the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In this regard, the purpose of this review study was to determine the relationship between milk intake and CVD, as well as the effects of milk consumption on health based on Quranic verses, hadiths, and the data from available databases. No significant relationship was found...

[ 959 ] - A Review of the Role of Spiritual Cares in the Nursing Profession

From a nursing perspective, the human being is a multidimensional entity whose spiritual dimension is central to all aspects and has a significant impact on health. Spirituality and spiritual care are an integral part of holistic care in nursing. Therefore, these factors can play an important role in patient recovery and achieving health objectives when taken into consideration. The present st...

[ 960 ] - Relationship between Emotional Self-regulation and Responsibility with Social Relationships of Students

Expended Abstract Relationship with others is one of the basic needs of human beings. In order to achieve the goals of social life, people as the social members must consolidate and strengthen the foundations and pillars of society in order to form a cohesive and united society, given the importance of social development and the acquisition of related skills, exploring the contexts and factors...

[ 961 ] - The evaluation of mechanism of Effectiveness of Behavioral Activation Therapy (BA) through Cognitive Flexibility and Emotional Flexibility on Symptoms of Women with Major Depressive Disorders

The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism of the effect of behavioral activation therapy (BA) through cognitive flexibility and emotional flexibility on the symptoms of women with major depressive disorder. This study was based on the single-subject design. The research sample consisted of five women with major depressive disorder (BDI-II), Beck Anxiety (BAI), Cognitive Flexi...

[ 962 ] - Developing and validation of metamemory scale for adolescents

The purpose of this study was developing and validating the metamemory scale for adolescents in the academic context. The study was a mixed method research and benefitted from sequential exploratory type which in qualitative stage using triangulation method (aligning multiple data approach) holding four dimensions of a) collecting literature reviews related to metamemoey based on the theoretica...

[ 963 ] - The Mediating Role of the self-regulation and psychological Distress in the relationship between domestic violence and cognitive functions in women victim of spouse abuse

Domestic violence could cause different types of physical and mental consequences for women. This may threaten safety of the family. Women are more prone to be the victims of violence particularly partners’ one. One of the important consequences of violence is cognitive dysfunctioning. Domestic violence could be considered as an environmental stressor factor which in turn could affect cognitive...

[ 964 ] - The Discriminational Role of Reinforcement sensitivity theory, Emotion Regulation Processes Strategies and Cognitive Flexibility in Discrimination of People with Internet Addiction

The present study was conducted with the aim of determining the discrimination role of reinforcement sensitivity theory, emotion regulation processes strategies and cognitive flexibility in discrimination of people with internet addiction. The research design was a two-group diagnostic function. The study population included Internet user students at Imam Khomeini International University in Qa...

[ 965 ] - Comparison of different inorganic amendments on decreasing of Cd, Pb, Ni, Cu, and Zn sorption by wastewater-irrigated plants

Background and Objective: Heavy metals fixation in-situ by using inorganic amendments is a method for immobilization of polluted soils. The goal of this research was to determine efficiency of five amendments for heavy metals fixation of waste-water-irrigated soils around Tabriz city. Materials and Methods: Cadmium, Pb, Cu, Ni, and Zn- containing solutions were added to 0.5 gram of five amendm...

[ 966 ] - Medication Errors and its Reporting by Nurses of Intensive Care Units of Ardabil in 2017

Background & Aim: Drug therapy is an important part of the patient's care process which its proper and safe observance is of standard emphasis and its neglecting may give rise to errors and unrecoverable complications for the patient. Evaluation of medication error is necessary for error management and providing safe care to patients. The aim of this study was to determine the rate of medicatio...

[ 967 ] - Phenolic Content, Antioxidant Effects and Tyrosinase Inhibitory Activity of Extract of Some Stachys Species from Iran

Background: Given the importance of Stachys genus in Iran and their significant biological activity, we collected three species of this plant: St. aucheri Benth., Stachys benthamiana Boiss and St. inflata Benth. from different regions of Iran. We examined the free radical scavenging potential, total phenol content and tyrosinase inhibitory activity of their methanol, methanol 80% and dichlorome...

[ 968 ] - Factors Effective in Sleeping Quality of Employees Presenting to the Center for Occupational Medicine at Gonabad University of Medical Sciences for Conduct Periodic Examinations

Background: The prevalence of sleep disorders in the general population is between 26.4% and 39.4% in Asia, which has increased in Iran in recent decades. Low sleep quality and reduced sleep hours result in work impairment and physical and mental illnesses. This study aimed to improve sleep quality and determine the factors affecting the quality of sleep. Materials and Methods: This cross-sect...

[ 969 ] - Representation and Analysis of the Status of Indexed Articles of Researchers in Bushehr University of Medical Sciences at the Scopus Database in Social Networks: An Altmetrics Study

Background: As social networks are increasingly used, the research published through social networks should be evaluated. Hence, new measures were employed to examine the scientific effectiveness of social networks. The measurements taken from social networks, called Altmetrics, provide an opportunity to evaluate research. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the presence of indexed artic...

[ 970 ] - Researcher’s Attitudes Toward Synthetic Biolo-gy in Bushehr University

Background: Synthetic biology is an interdisciplinary branch of biology and engineering. As synthetic biology develops into a promising science and engineering field, we need to clarify the purpose and nature of this science in terms of security, ethics and the recognition of the benefits of potential risks. The aim of this study was to evaluate the researchers’ attitudes toward synthetic biolo...

[ 971 ] - Necessity of Academic Education in Health, Safety and Environment (HSE) at Postgraduate Level

Background: Nowadays, with the rapid development of industries and technology, the risk of work- related accidents, occupational diseases and environmental pollution is increasing. Considering the importance of preventing these hazards, some universities in Iran have recently trained students in new interdisciplinary specialties such as health, safety and the environment (HSE). Some organizatio...

[ 972 ] - The Relationship between Spiritual Health and Use of Virtual Social Networks in High-School Students of Firozabad, Fars Province

Introduction: In different societies, paying attention to spiritual dimension of health has been emphasized as one of the health dimensions according to the WHO. The study aimed to determine the relation between spiritual health and use of virtual social networks among high school students in Firouzabad, Fars province in 2017. Methods: In the cross-sectional study, 380 students (16-18 years) w...

[ 973 ] - Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice about Food Hygiene and Safety among Food Catering Staff in Yazd

Introduction: Observance of food hygiene and safety by the staff working in the food supply and distribution sector is one of the most important factors in prevention of foodborne diseases. However, considering the inadequate knowledge and inappropriate performance of the staff, we are faced with many epidemics of food poisoning. Therefore, this study was conducted to determine the knowledge, a...

[ 974 ] - Effects of Citrulline on Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Randomized-controlled Clinical Trial

Background and Objectives: Citrulline (cit.) is a non-essential amino acid derived from watermelon, which affects improving glucose tolerance and lipid and energy metabolisms. The aim of this study was to investigate effects of citrulline supplementation on non-alcoholic fatty liver.  Materials & Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 50 patients with NAFLD were randomly assigned to recei...

[ 975 ] - Effects of Coenzyme Q10 Supplementation on Antioxidant Enzyme and Lipid peroxide Activities in Women with Multiple Sclerosis: a Randomized, Placebo-controlled Trial

Background and Objectives:Oxidative stress has been reported to provide neurodegeneration in multiple sclerosis (MS). Coenzyme Q10 is an endogenous lipid-soluble antioxidant. Up-to-date, no intervention studies have investigated coenzyme Q10 supplementation in MS. The purpose of this study was to investigate oxidative stress and antioxidant enzyme and lipid peroxide activities in women with MS...

[ 976 ] - Determination of Optimum Conditions for the Production of Peptides with Antioxidant and Nitric-Oxide Inhibition Properties from Protein Hydrolysis of Pumpkin Seed Meals Using Pepsin Enzyme

Background and Objectives: In this study, hydrolysis condition optimization of the pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo) seed proteins was carried out achieve maximum DPPH radical scavenging and nitric-oxide inhibition properties using Design Expert Software and response surface methodology.  Materials & Methods: In general, 1–3% concentrations of pepsin enzyme, 30–40 °C temperature and 120–100 min time we...

[ 977 ] - Monitoring Risk Factors in Industrial and Guild Fried Products of the Country

Background and Objectives: Changes in lifestyles and food patterns and consumption of ready-to-eat and fried foods have increased probability of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Studies have illustrated associations between salt, total fat, saturated fatty acid and trans fatty acid contents of the industrial and guild fried products in Iran.  Materials & Methods: In this study, 69 sam...

[ 978 ] - Effects of Gamma Irradiation on Residual Nitrite, Lipid Oxidation, Total Volatile Nitrogen and Color in Meat Products with Various Meat Contents

Background and Objectives: Gamma irradiation has been shown as an effective technology to decrease or eliminate microbial contamination in raw and cooked meat products. However, irradiation-induced physicochemical changes are important to accept the technology by meat industries and consumers. The objective of this study was to assess effects of gamma irradiation (0, 2, 4, 6 and 8 kGy) on nitri...

[ 979 ] - Effect of sowing time and plant density on growth and seed yield of two guar ecotypes (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba L.)

To evaluate the growth duration and seed yield of two different Guar ecotypes in response to planting time and plant density, a field experiment was conducted in 2016 growing season at the research field of Tarbiat Modares University, Iran. Experimantal factors were arranged as split plot-factorial in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The experimental factors included...

[ 980 ] - Evaluation of adaptation and grain yield stability of durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L.) genotypes in temperate agro-climate zone of Iran

Identification of adapted genotypes with high grain yield is the most important goal in durum wheat breeding programs. To study adaptation and grain yield stability of durum wheat genotypes, 18 durum wheat promising lines with two commercial durum and bread wheat cultivars were used. The durum wheat genotypes were evaluated in four locations; Isfahan, Karaj, Kermanshah and Neishabour in tempera...

[ 981 ] - Effect of vermicompost application on seed yield and quality in fababean (Vicia faba L.) and fennel (Foeniculum vulgare L.) intercropping

To compare the replacement intercropping patterns of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) and faba bean (Vicia faba L.) at different levels of vermicompost, a field experiment was conducted as factorial arrangement in randomized complete block design with three replications at the research field of the Faculty of Agriculture, Urmia University, Iran, in growing season of 2018. Experimental treatmen...

[ 982 ] - Identification of production constraints and yield gap monitoring of local rice (Oryza sativa L.) cultivars in Mazandaran province

One of the main problems for rice production is the large difference between farmers' actual yields and attainable yields. Therefore, it is important to identify the limiting factors on yield and yield gap. In this research, all performed management practices from seedbed preparation to harvesting in 228 paddy fields of local rice cultivars in the east, central and west parts of Mazandaran prov...

[ 983 ] - Evaluation of yield potential and resistance to rhizoctonia (Rhizoctonia solani) disease of new sugar beet (Beta vulgaris L.) hybrids

Rhizoctonia root rot disease is considered as one of the important diseases in sugar beet. Using resistant cultivars decreses production costs, especially application of fungicides and increases the efficiency in controlling of root rot disease. Therefore, growing of resistant cultivars is considered the best approach for disease control. To achieve this goal and to determine yield potential of...

[ 984 ] - Effect of Nitrogen and Ccalcium Concentration in Nutrient Solution on Growth, Yield and Tipburn of Butterhead Lettuce in Floating System

The present investigation was carried out to evaluate the impacts of different concentrations of N and Ca and N:Ca ratio in nutrient solution on growth indices, yield and tipburn of butterhead lettuce (Lactuca sativa var. Capitata) in floating system. The experiment was conducted as completely randomized design, with 8 treatments and 3 replications, in Research Greenhouse of Shahrekord Universi...

[ 985 ] - Physiological Efficiency of Grafted Cucumbers based on Rootstock Type, Root Zone Temperature and Nitrogen Levels

To evaluate the commercial and local cucumber rootstocks in grafting conditions at different nitrogen (N) levels and temperatures of the rootzone, this research was conducted for a year in the Research Greenhouse of the Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology in 2014. The research was a factorial experiment based on completely randomized design with ...

[ 986 ] - Effect of Trichoderma Isolates on Morphophysiological Changes of Polianthes Tuberose under Drought Stress

In order to evaluate the effect of different Trichoderma isolates on reducing the effects of drought stress on Polianthes tuberose, two factorial experiments were carried out based on completely randomized design with three replications. The first factor in the first experiment was bi isolate, and in the second experiment was isolate 65 of Trichoderma harzianum, each at three levels (0, 10, 20%...

[ 987 ] - Evaluation of Growth, Calcium Content, and Nitrate of Some Greenhouse Lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) Cultivars in Response to Increasing the Night Light

An experiment was conducted as split plot based on the randomized complete blocks design, in greenhouse complex of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz in 2017. The main plot consisted of light treatment at two levels [a) sunlight (control), b) sunlight + red and blue LEDs (50:50%) with light intensity of 70 μmol/m2s for 15 hours (from 5 PM to 8 AM as night light] and the subplot was six greenhou...

[ 988 ] - Investigation of the Quantity and Quality of Strawberry Fruit (cv. Aromas) in Different Harvesting Periods as Affected by Culture Medium and Humic Acid

Culture medium and nutrition are two important factors in determining the quantity and quality of greenhouse products. Accordingly, a factorial experiment was conducted based on completely randomized design on strawberry (cv. Aromas) in the greenhouse of Department of Horticulture, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran. The first factor was two culture media (mixture of perlite and cocopeat w...

[ 989 ] - Comparison the efficiency of some different Zn source on quantitative and qualitative yield of Lemon verbena

One of the most effective micronutrients on the quantity and quality of medicinal herbs is zinc (Zn). The present study aimed to assess the impact of the foliar application of various Zn sources (0.2% w/v) including Zn chelated by amino acid (ZnAAC), Zn-sulfate and Zn-EDTA on qualitative and quantitative features of Lemon verbena (Lippia citriodora L.). In two harvests, the field experiment was...

[ 990 ] - Callus formation, regeneration and volatile constituents production in Teucrium chamaedrys tissue culture

Teucrium chamaedrys is regarded as an herbaceous perennial plant from Lamiaceae family that is used as medicinal plants and food from ancient times. Due to the recent developments in tissue culture techniques and extraction of secondary metabolites, this study aimed to investigate the explants of the Teucrium for callus induction and secondary metabolites. The interaction of Auxin hormones incl...

[ 991 ] - Design a Real Time PCR with SYBR Green for quantification of HTLV-1 proviral load for blood donors

Abstract Background and Objectives In Iran, Khorasan province is an endemic area for HTLV-1 virus. Considering the inability of serological tests to determine HTLV-1 in window period, their failure to confirm the indetermination results of western blot, and given the probability for HTLV-1 transfusion transmission, a SYBR green-based Real Time PCR was set to measure the HTLV-1 proviral load.  ...

[ 992 ] - Herbal Medicine in the Treatment of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: A Review

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a severe and debilitating neuropsychiatric condition that is characterized by recurrent and intrusive thought that the affected individual feels compelled to perform in order to reduce the distress. It affects between 1 to 3% of the general population around the world and has some gender-related features. Although selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, t...

[ 993 ] - Nano-Elicitation of Secondary Pharmaceutical Metabolites in Plant Cells: A Review

In recent years, metabolism researches using nanomaterials have been focusing on human and animal cells, and therefore very limited data are available about influence of nanomaterials on biosynthesis of secondary metabolites in plant cells. Plants produce different types of secondary metabolites including terpenoids, phenolics, tannins, and alkaloids, which are known to act as vital mediators f...

[ 994 ] - The Antioxidant Role of Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) Extract Against Exhaustive Exercise-Induced Oxidative Stress in Young Athletes

Background: Strenuous acute exercise induces oxidative stress in the active muscles and circulation, However, consumption of products rich in antioxidants may potentially ameliorate these effects. Objective: The present investigation was conducted to determine the effect of Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) extract on oxidative stress and antioxidant defense after aerobic exercise in young athle...

[ 995 ] - Terpenoid Compounds and Anti- Hemozoin and Anti- Ciliates Protozians Effects of Artemisia annua L. and Chenopodium botrys L.

Background: β-Hematin (Hemozoin) was synthised inside human erythrocyte by malaria parasite. The parasite avoids the toxic effects by polymerizing heme molecules into insoluble crystalline β-Hematin. C. botrys and A. annua used for the treatment of diseases like malaria, hepatitis, cancers, and inflammations. Objective: Determine of antimalarial and anti-protozoa effects of A. anuuae and C. bo...

[ 996 ] - A Toxicological and Phytochemical Study on the Iran’s Ecballium elaterium (L.) A. Rich.

Background: Ecballium elaterium is endemic to the northwestern Iran and its fruit is traditionally used for therapeutic purposes in Iran. The toxicological and phytochemical characteristics of the Iran’s Ecballium elaterium have not been investigated so far. Objective: Study on some toxicological and phytochemical features of the Iran’s Ecballium elaterium fruit 90% ethanol extract. Method: ...

[ 997 ] - Alert for Consumption of Dorema aucheri: an Edible Medicinal Plant of Iran

Background: Dorema aucheri (Apiaceae) grows in west and southwest of Iran. Young leaves of this plant are used orally as pickle or for cooking some local foods, as well as for the treatment of parasitic digestive infections and constipation. Objective: The aim of present study was evaluation of cytotoxic potential and total phenols determination of D. aucheri young aerial parts extract and fr...

[ 998 ] - Ethnobotanical Study and Distribution of the Solanum Section Solanum Species (Solanaceae) in Iran

Background: Solanum section Solanum has been extensively used in traditional medicine in Iran for many ailment treatments. The plant contains some substances such as total alkaloid, steroid alkaloid, steroidal saponins and glycoprotein, exhibiting anti-tumor activity. Objective: In this research, wild species of Solanum section Solanum has been studied in Iran in the field of ethnobotanical in...

[ 999 ] - Effects of Gamma Irradiated and Non-Irradiated Sewage Sludge on Essential Oil Content and Constituents of Ocimum basilicum L.

Background: The increasing amount of sewage sludge (SS) and more legislative regulation of its disposal have stimulated the need for developing new technologies including gamma irradiation to recycle SS efficiently. Objective: To evaluate the effects of gamma irradiated and non-irradiated SS (SSGI and SSNI, respectively) on essential oil (EO) content and composition of Ocimum basilicum L. Me...

[ 1000 ] - Variability of Fatty Acids Composition of Wild Sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) Fruit

Background: Sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) belongs to Anacardiaceae family. The dried and powdered fruits are used as a food flavoring and medicinal plant. Objective: In this study, variability of fatty acid composition in some wild sumac fruits were investigated. Method: The samples were collected from their natural origins in central parts of Iran; Isfahan and Markazi province in the September to...

[ 1001 ] - Circular RNA: features, functions and their correlation with diseases especially cancer

In early 2012, the world of science saw a fascinating discovery called circular RNA as a transcription product of thousands of genes in mice and humans. These circular RNAs have recently been grouped as the encoding RNA in an independent group that their remarkable difference with other RNAs is that these RNAs are not linear, in which two ends connect with a covalent connection creating a loop-...

[ 1002 ] - Analytical in-house method validation for determination of permethrin (trans & cis isomers), methyl paraben, propyl paraben and BHT

Background: Permethrin is a drug used to cure pediculosis known as head lice. This drug is available in two forms: 1) permethrin topical cream 5%, 2) permethrin shampoo 1%. The aim of this study was to find a method and define the simultaneous cis and trans isomers for permethrin, methyl paraben, propyl paraben and butylated hydroxytoluene in topical cream 5% using the method high-performance l...

[ 1003 ] - Study of FGF14 gene expression and cancer progression in colorectal cancer tissue samples

Background: Colorectal cancer is one of the main causes of cancer death and the third most common malignant cancer worldwide. FGF14 is a member of the large family of fibroblast growth factors. These factors control a wide range of biological functions, including cell proliferation, survival, migration and differentiation that disturbing their expression can lead to cancer. The purpose of this ...

[ 1004 ] - The effect of bromhexine, gentamicin and imipenem on biofilm of standard bacterial Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa by ELISA method

Background: Biofilms are a collection of microorganisms that have the ability to stick to different levels. Due to the difficulty of treatment of bacterial biofilm infections and their lack of recognition by conventional diagnostic methods, this study aimed to provide a new method of identification and the effect of related drugs on Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Escherichia coli biofilms. Material...

[ 1005 ] - Investigation of the relationship between fitness and physical activity level with serum levels of nerve growth factor and markers of blood-brain permeability in people with multiple sclerosis: the role of body composition

Background: Nerve growth factors reduction and blood-brain barrier distribution is one of the characteristics of multiple sclerosis (MS). Active life-style is known as a complementary and important strategy in MS therapy. The aim of the current study was to investigate the relationship between aerobic capacity and physical activity with serum level of nerve growth factors and markers of blood-b...

[ 1006 ] - Evaluation of the prevalence of broad-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) and carbapenemase genes in Klebsiella pneumoniae strains isolated from burn wounds in patients referred to Shahid Motahari Hospital in Tehran

Background: Klebsiella species are common causes of nosocomial, ulcers, blood and urinary tract infections, and also acquired pneumonia from the hospital and various intra-abdominal infections. Bacterial resistance mechanisms against antibiotics are different, but one of these resistance mechanisms, which is very problematic, is the production of β-lactamase enzymes in bacteria. The aim of this...

[ 1007 ] - The relationship between the cytokines and hs-CRP levels in children with autism and their comparison with healthy ones

Background: Previous studies suggest that dysregulation of the immune system is involved in the pathophysiology of autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The aim of the present study was to investigate some pre-and anti-inflammatory cytokines in the serum of children with autism and healthy children and to determine the correlation between these cytokines and hs-CRP. Materials and methods: Serum leve...

[ 1008 ] - Investigating the factors affecting participation in clinical decision-making from viewpoint of physicians and nurses of educational hospitals of Qazvin

  Background: Inter-professionals collaboration between nurses and physicians are essential for improving the quality of health care services. The purpose of this study was to determine the factors influencing participation in clinical decision making from the viewpoint of nurses and doctors. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 140 nurses and 100 Physicians in educational Hosp...

[ 1009 ] - بررسی تبعیت از رژیم درمانی در بیماران تحت جراحی پیوند عروق کرونر بستری در بیماستان‌های تامین اجتماعی تهران

Background: The number of coronary artery bypass grafts is increasing as one of the most effective treatments. Adherence to the treatment regimen is one of the determinants of the effectiveness of this intervention. The aim of this study was to evaluate the compliance of treatment regimen in patients underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery in Tehran's Social Security Hospitals. Materials...

[ 1010 ] - Evaluation of prevalence, distribution and types of drug errors reported in Besat Medical Center of Hamadan during 2014-2015

Background: Regarding the high frequency of drug errors and its importance in increasing financial costs and health of the patients, this study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence and types of drug errors among medical and nursing team. Materials and methods: In this cross –sectional study, of 903 medical errors, 385 reported drug errors were recorded in safety unit and mor...

[ 1011 ] - Cyber Threats Foresight Against Iran Based on Attack Vector

Cyber ​​threats have been extraordinary increased in recent years. Cyber ​​attackers, including government agencies or hackers, have made significant advances in the use of various tools for attacking target systems in some countries particularly on Islamic republic of Iran. The complexity of cyber threats and the devastating effects of them on critical systems highlights necessity of cyber thr...

[ 1012 ] - The Participation of Three Brain Tissues in Alzheimer’s disease Diagnosis from Structural MRI

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a progressive and irreversible disease which gradually makes patients unable to do their daily routines. Although the present treatments can not cure the disease completely, its early detection can reduce symptoms and enhance the patients’ life quality. In the current literature, using the grey matter (GM) tissue which is known as an appropriate biomarker is highly c...

[ 1013 ] - Parametric analysis of a broadband Archimedean spiral antenna with cavity

In this article an Archimedean spiral antenna is designed and analyzed that has good operation in broadband application. By analyzing this design, the effects that different parameters have on antenna operation will be studied and ways of optimization will be found.  Influences of cavity height and number of turns to obtain good matching and gain in a frequency interval of 4 to 18 GHz will be d...

[ 1014 ] - Improving the directivity of the plasmonic sectoral horn nanoantenna using lens in its aperture

Horn antennas can result in good impedance matching between the waveguide and free space due to the gradual increase in the aperture size. In this paper, a novel plasmonic sectoral horn nanoantenna based on using lens in the aperture is proposed. It is investigated that in addition to improvement of the directivity, the reflection coefficient is also reduced using the proper lens structure. The...

[ 1015 ] - Performance Analysis of Device to Device Communications Overlaying/Underlaying Cellular Network

Minimizing the outage probability and maximizing throughput are two important aspects in device to device (D2D) communications, which are greatly related to each other. In this paper, first, the exact formulas of the outage probability for D2D communications underlaying or overlaying cellular network are derived which jointly experience Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) and Rayleigh multipat...

[ 1016 ] - A design of Rectangular Waveguide TM11 to TE10 Mode Converter for S-band Applications

A design of a compact, easy to fabricate and applicable structure rectangular waveguide TM11 to TE10 mode converter is presented in this paper. The design procedure of the proposed structure can be divided into two parts in sequence. The beginning one is dedicated to the transformation from TM11 to TEM mode using a central conductor, while the second part is the transformation from TEM to TE10 ...

[ 1017 ] - Present an Initial Estimation Method for Logical Transaction-based Software Projects

The first and most basic requirement for successful entry of a project, is have a realistic and reasonable estimation. In this paper, in order to increase accuracy of software projects estimation and reduce complexity of estimation process, we introduce a method called the "Logical Transaction Point (LTP)". Our method is most appropriate for transactional software. By use of this method can est...

[ 1019 ] - The Effect of Light Fluence Rate on Photodynamic Therapy

This article has no abstract.

[ 1022 ] - Health Promoting Schools in Iran: Features and Challenges

Background and Purpose: Looking at school as a place to improve the health of students, parents, teachers and school staff is a view that health promotion schools are seeking to achieve. This vision has been shaped internationally for many years, and each country has taken measures to achieve this, depending on its regional, cultural and institutional characteristics. In Iran, for eight years n...

[ 1023 ] - Effect of Education Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior on the Use of Fast Foods in Students of Girls' vocational Schools

Aims: Change of nutritional style of students and their progress toward fast food consumption is one of the health problems in today's world. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of education based on the theory of planned behavior on the decrease of fast food consumption in the students of girls' vocational schools in Sanandaj city, Iran. Material & Methods: This semi-experimen...

[ 1024 ] - Health Literacy level of Adults in Neyshabur City: A Cross-Sectional Study

Aims: Considering that the health literacy is one of the pillars of the health evolution system, measuring the health literacy is essential to improving the health of individuals in the community. The aim of this study was to investigate the health literacy level of adults in Neyshabur city, Iran. Material & Methods: This cross-sectional research is a descriptive-analytical study. This researc...

[ 1025 ] - Designing A Public-Private Mixed Program for Control of Tuberculosis in Islamic Republic of Iran Using Social Marketing Method

Background and Objectives: Social marketing is a method that acts through identifying the needs and demands of the audience and specifying the components of the behavioral market using the results of developmental research. So far, social marketing has not been used to involve the private sector in the tuberculosis (TB) control program. The aim of this study was to design a Public-Private Mix (...

[ 1026 ] - Epidemiological Trends in Cesarean Section Rate in Qom Province, Iran During 2005-2017; A Joinpoint Regression Analysis

Background and Objectives: an important problem challenging cesarean section is its extensive use as a common method of delivery. Due to the growing trend of cesarean section in Iran in recent years, the natural delivery promotion program was implemented as one the programs incorporated in the Health System Reform Plan in 2014. In this study, the trend of changes in the percentage of CS deliver...

[ 1027 ] - Investigation on the Relationship Between the Lifestyle of Pregnant Women and the Birth of Premature Infants and Related Risk Factors: A Case-Control Study

Background and Objectives: One of the causes of neonatal death and death in children under the age of five is premature birth of infants. The purpose of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with preterm infant birth in pregnant women.   Methods: This is a case-control study on mothers referring to comprehensive health centers in the provinces of the country. Descriptive anal...

[ 1028 ] - Multivariate Frailty Modeling in Joint Analyzing of Recurrent Events with Terminal Event and its Application in Medical Data

Background and Objectives: In many medical situations, people can experience recurrent events with a terminal event. If the terminal event is considered a censor in this type of data, the assumption of independence in the analysis of survival data may be violated. This study was conducted to investigate joint modeling of frequent events and a final event (death) in breast cancer patients using ...

[ 1029 ] - Evaluation of Relationship Between Physical Activity and Body Mass index on Postmenopausal Women’s Health Status in Kerman Province

Background and Objectives: Menopause is one of the most sensitive events in a woman's life. Health improvement in this period can bring women a better quality of life and has many effects. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between the level of physical activity and the level of health of postmenopausal women in Kerman Province.   Methods: A total of 536 postmenopausal w...

[ 1030 ] - Prevalence of Congenital Hypothyroidism and Some Related Factors in Newborn Infants in Southern Kerman from April to March 2009

Background and Objectives: Congenital hypothyroidism is one of the reasons for mental retardation and premature death of infants. Since identification of the determinants of hypothyroidism plays a significant role in its prevention, this study was conducted to determine the prevalence of congenital hypothyroidism and to investigate its determinants in newborn infants.   Methods: This study wa...

[ 1031 ] - Brucellosis Surveillance System in the Islamic Republic of Iran: History, Structures and Processes

Background and Objectives: Iran has long been considered to be one of the countries in the world with endemic brucellosis. The aim of this study was to review the surveillance system of brucellosis in Iran.   Methods: Data of this study were obtained from the surveillance system of the Center for Communicable Disease Control, the review of records, documents, books and published articles and ...

[ 1032 ] - HIV/AIDS Surveillance System in the Islamic Republic of Iran: History, Structures and Processes

Background and Objectives: Iran is one of the Middle Eastern countries that implemented the HIV / AIDS control and surveillance program many years ago. The purpose of this study was to review the HIV / AIDS surveillance system in Iran.   Methods: This was a review research to assess the processes, structures and achievements of the HIV/AIDS surveillance system in Iran. The information sources...

[ 1033 ] - A Review of Influenza Surveillance System in the Islamic Republic of Iran: History, Structures and Processes

Background and Objectives: Iran, like most other countries in the world, is always threatened with global epidemics and pandemics of influenza. The purpose of this study was to review the influenza surveillance system in Iran.   Methods: Data of this study were obtained from the surveillance system of the Center for Communicable Disease Control, the review of records, documents, books and pub...

[ 1034 ] - Analysis and Professional Designing of COBRA (Computationally Optimized Broadly Reactive Antigen) Vaccine for Bm86 midgut Protein of R. microplus and R. annulatus Ticks

Introduction: The cattle tick Rhipicephalus spp. causes significant economic losses due to diseases in animals and human. Bm86 is a midgut protein and vaccine candidate, which its sequences among the isolates of Ripsephalus spp are geographically separated, variable, and are the main reason for reducing effectiveness, and subsequently, the failure of the recombinant vaccines. Method: In this bi...

[ 1035 ] - COMPARISON OF THE EFFECT OF SODIUM VALPROATE AND LEVETIRACETAM ON THE PREVENTION OF MIGRAINE HEADACHES: A PROSPECTIVE STUDY

Background & Aims: Preventive treatment of migraine headaches is performed after careful and complete examination of the number and quality of headaches in the patient to improve the patient's quality of life and avoid unpleasant side effects. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of two drugs of levetiracetam and sodium valproate on preventive treatment of migraine headaches. Mate...

[ 1036 ] - THE EFFECTIVENESS OF GROUP MEANING THERAPY AND META-COGNITIVE THERAPY ON RESILIENCE AND STUDENT ADVANCEMENT MOTIVATION

Background & Aims: Clarifying the psychological and educational status of motivation for progress and resilience has highlighted the importance of using semantic and meta-cognitive approaches to strengthen these two basic skills.Besides, it is considered as one of the most reguired human needs today and a new scientific service to expand the field. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the e...

[ 1037 ] - The Effectiveness of Acupressure Therapy on Physiological Criteria in Female Patients Being Weaned from Mechanical Ventilation

Introduction: Improving the respiratory function of patients for weaning mechanical ventilation is one of the caring challenges in intensive care settings. Acupressure maybe improves physiological criteria. Therefore, this study aimed to determine acupressure therapy on physiological criteria in female patients being weaned from mechanical ventilation. Methods: This randomized controlled trial ...

[ 1038 ] - Comparing the Effect of Cryotherapy and Acupressure on Pain Intensity of Arteriovenous Fistula Cannulation in Patients Hemodialysis

Introduction: Patients with kidney failure undergoing hemodialysis are frequently exposed to the hemodialysis needles are inserted into the arteriovenous fistulas; one of the important interventions in nursing care is use of nonpharmacological interventions for relief pain. Therefore, this study was conducted to compare the effect of cryotherapy and acupressure on the pain intensity of needle ...

[ 1039 ] - A Comparative Study of the Predictive Factors of Learning Transfer to Workplace in Public and Private Hospitals

Introduction: The effectiveness of organizational training courses depends on learning transfer to workplace; therefore, identifying the predictor’s transfer of learning has become one of the Necessities in human resource development. On the other hand, recent studies support the idea that the predictor’s transfer of learning are influenced by culture and context of each organization. In accord...

[ 1040 ] - Medical Social Workers: Current Roles and Tasks

Introduction: Concerning the professional duties of medical social workers, they can have effective role in the treatment process and solving the problems of clients. This study was performed to investigate the current roles and tasks of social workers in hospitals. Method: In this qualitative study, 15 social workers of public and specialized hospitals in Tehran were selected using purposeful...

[ 1041 ] - Effective Context and Familial Conditions on Drug Addiction Relapse: A Qualitative Study

  Introduction: Family is one of the causative factors of initiation and relapse of addictive behaviors. Family is like a double-edged sword due to the fact that family may function both as a supporter of drug users as well as a shield to protect them against their withdrawal hardships, and also a cause of drug addiction relapse. Lack of sufficient knowledge and domestic studies on this issue, ...

[ 1042 ] - Explaining the Experiences of Health Care Providers about Barriers of Client Education in Ghaemshahr Health Centers: A Qualitative Study

Introduction: Providing an effective education by healthcare workers is very important in improving the quality of health services and patients' lives. Effective education faces a variety of challenges, which results in the low productivity of experienced health care providers. The aim of this study was to explain the experiences of health care providers about barriers of client education in Gh...

[ 1043 ] - Health Literacy of Patients with Breast Cancer: A Qualitative Study

Introduction:  Health literacy is the capacity of individual to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and health services that are necessary for making a good decision. Health literacy is effective in improving the treatment process and reducing healthcare costs. Health literacy is directly connected to humanity. With regard to human complexities and creativity, quantitative ...

[ 1044 ] - Investigation of Teachers' Lived Experiences of Student's Bullying Behavior: A Phenomenological Approach

Introduction: Bullying is a complicated behavioral problem that is mostly occurs at schools. There are many quantitative studies on this issue but few qualitative studies have investigated this problem. Therefore, this study was performed to investigate teachers' lived experiences of student's bullying behavior. Method: This is a qualitative study with a phenomenological approach. In this study...

[ 1045 ] - Personality Dimensions of Counselors' Competency from the Perspective of Successful Counselors: A Qualitative Study

Introduction: Transformation of society from a simple and elementary state to a complicated and complex one, makes necessary the day-to-day need of the specialists of mental health realm, especially counselors. The aim of this study was to investigate the personality dimensions of counselors' Competency from the perspective of successful counselors. Method: This qualitative study was conducted ...

[ 1046 ] - The Assessment of Factors Affecting Unwanted Intrusive Thoughts: A Qualitative Study

Introduction: Thoughts control, attention, and concentration are the effective factors in studying and learning. The lack of attention and concentration is the result of the invasion of intrusive thoughts. This research was conducted to explore the factors affecting the unwanted intrusive thoughts in normal people in 2017. Method: This qualitative study was conducted using content analysis (the...

[ 1047 ] - Comparison of the Effect of Two Kinds of the Common and the NASM Corrective Exercises on the Changes of Genu Varum Deformity and Balance of Adolescent Soccer Players; A mixed method study

Introduction: Genu varum is one of the most common deformities in adolescents, and it has always been considered to achieve an appropriate corrective program to reduce genu varum. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of two kinds of common and the National Academy sports Medicine (NASM) corrective exercises on the correction of genu varum deformity in adolescent soccer players. Met...

[ 1048 ] - Happiness and Marital Satisfaction in Iran: A Systemic Review and Mata-analysis

Background and Aim: Happiness and benevolence in individual life and satisfaction in marital life are very important from a social point of view. Happiness is one of the most important factors for strengthening and sustainability of marital relationships. Materials and Methods: A thorough search was done in the following data banks using the Persian and English key words happiness, marital sat...

[ 1049 ] - Comparison of Performance Indicators of Zahedan Public Hospitals Before and After Implementation of Hospital Accreditation Plan

Background and Aim: Accreditation is one of the important measures in the evaluation of health services. Today, the issue of accreditation has been established with the aim of creating and promoting a safety culture and quality of patient care. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of accreditation on key and performance indicators of public hospitals in Zahedan before and after...

[ 1050 ] - Pollution Assessment some of Heavy Metals in Water and Surface Sediments of Nasseri Wetland (Khorramshahr)

Background and Aim:This research was conducted of determining and comparing the heavy metals of zinc, iron, manganese, copper, nickel and vanadium in summer in waters and sediments of Naseri wetland in Khuzestan province, 2017. Material and Methods:Sampling of water and sediments from three areas of north, central and southern Naseri wetland was carried out in summer. In order to measure heavy...

[ 1051 ] - Primary Health Care Quality Improvement Patterns: A Systematic Review Study

Background and Aim: Along with the expansion of health systems, the importance of primary health care as the basis of an efficient health system is more evident and the quality of the provided services at this level becomes more important. In this way, the present study attempts to collect patterns used to improve the quality of primary health care. Materials and Methods: The present study is ...

[ 1052 ] - The Effectiveness of Bullying Control Training Program on Health Promoting Behaviors in Bully Adolescents

Background and Aim: In recent years bullying behaviors among school adolescent have risen and have raised concerns for psychologists, teachers and their families around the world. The use of bullying control methods in schools is important. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of bullying control training program on health promotion behaviors in bullying adoles...

[ 1053 ] - Prevalence of Traditional and Cyber Bullying Among Teenagers Herat-Afghanistan

Background and Aim: Bullying is one of the most common problems among teenagers in many schools around the world, which is recently considered by researchers in the fields of psychology and even criminology as a traditional and cyber bullying. The purpose of this study is to investigate the rate of traditional and cyber bullying among male and female teenagers in the secondary schools of Herat...

[ 1054 ] - Comparing the effect of family presence and their training before presence on patient's anxiety during invasive nursing procedures in the emergency department: a randomized clinical trial

Introduction: Today, despite of emphasis on family-based care strategies, there is little understanding of the adult patient's perception of the presence of family members during emergency care and invasive procedures. The aim of this study was to comparing the effect of family presence and their training before the presence on the anxiety of patients undergoing invasive nursing procedures in t...

[ 1055 ] - The effect of light-dark cycle alteration on thermal and chemical pain in the male rat

Background: Animals have an internal biological clock with melatonin hormone that helps them to adapt to light/dark circles. Since melatonin is associated with an alteration in the expression and production of opioid receptors, this study aimed to evaluate the effect of changes in the light/dark circles on pain sensation in rats. Methods: This research study in order to investigate the thermal...

[ 1056 ] - Importace of monoclonal immunoglobulin in Sjögren’s syndrome

Background: Sjögren’s syndrome is the second most common systemic autoimmune disease after rheumatoid arthritis, RA, with a prevalence of about 0.5% in the general population. It occurs primarily in perimenopausal women (at a ratio of women to men of 9: 1) Sjögren’s syndrome is characterized by lymphocytic infiltration to exocrine glands. The specific autoantibodies of this syndrome are against...

[ 1057 ] - A comparison of ultrasound guided corticosteroid injection vs ozone injection in grade 3 knee osteoarthritis

Background: Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative disease that can cause pain and limited function. One of the non-surgical treatments is intra-articular ozone injection. This study aimed to compare the effect of ultrasound-guided corticosteroid injection with ozone injection in patients with grade 3 osteoarthritis of the knee. Methods: This randomized, double-blind, clinical trial was carried...

[ 1058 ] - The relationship between serum vitamin D level and adeno-tonsillar hypertrophy in children

Background: Vitamin D deficiency can cause frequent infection of tonsil and adenoid. Recurrent upper airway infections are associated with hypertrophy of lymphoid tissues (adenoid and palatine tonsils) in children. Obstructive sleep disorders, failure to thrive, facial deformity, and cognitive disorders are among the most important complications of adenotonsillar hypertrophy. Surgery is indicat...

[ 1059 ] - Prevalence of celiac disease in children under-18 years old with diabetes mellitus type I

Background: Celiac disease is a chronic inflammation of small intestine which is caused by an increased permanent sensitivity to a protein named gluten. This protein is present in some cereals such as wheat, barley, and rye. The immunologic response to this protein can cause clinical symptoms in people with specific human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) (including HLADQ2 or HLADQ8). Most studies have...

[ 1060 ] - Iatrogenic severe hypoglycemia in a non-diabetic patient under general anesthesia: case report

Background: Hypoglycemia is a condition when blood glucose level is lower than 70 mg/dl in people without diabetes. The symptoms of hypoglycemia include tachycardia, sweating, pallor, pupillary dilatation. Hypoglycemia is a non-lethal and often preventable clinical problem in non-diabetic patients that can occur during fasting or after dining. Case presentation: A 52 years old man referred to ...

[ 1061 ] - Baseline subfoveal choroidal thickness as an indicator for bevacizumab outcomes in central retinal vein occlusion

Background: Retinal vein occlusions are one of the most common form of retinal vascular disorders and could lead to vision loss due to macular edema, macular ischemia and sequelae from neovascularization. Anti-venous endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment is the choice strategy of treatment for patients with macular edema secondary to central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO). There is an ...

[ 1062 ] - The efficacy of prophylactic intravenous aminophylline, paracetamol or aminophylline and paracetamol in prevention of post spinal headache in lower extremity surgeries compared to the control group

Background: Post-dural puncture headache (PDPH) is commonly seen after neuraxial block and it usually lasts for up to two days or in some cases for up to two weeks. Several types of regimens have been suggested for treatment, such as theophylline and caffeine. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of aminophylline, paracetamol, and administration of aminophylline and paracetamol concurrently...

[ 1063 ] - Comparison of the efficiency of data mining methods in predicting type 2 diabetes

Background: Diabetes mellitus as a chronic disease is the most common disease caused by metabolic disorders and it is one of the most important health issues all around the world. Nowadays, data mining methods are applied in different fields of sciences due to data mining methods capability. Therefore, in this study, we compared the efficiency of data mining methods in predicting type 2 diabete...

[ 1064 ] - Investigation of pulmonary fungal infections in immunocompromised patients

Background: With increasing immunocompromised patients, fungal infections especially lung infection, have also increased. In this study, fungal contamination of the respiratory system in immunocompromised patients was evaluated. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted in immunocompromised patients suspicious of pulmonary infections referring to specialized lung clinic of ...

[ 1065 ] - Comparison of the prevalence of HBV, HCV, HIV, EBV and CMV infections in patients with scleroderma and healthy population

Background: Scleroderma is a chronic systemic disorder that affects the connective tissues. It is characterized by several immune manifestations, inflammation, vascular damage, and fibrosis. Some of the viral infections with complex mechanisms are involved in the development and progression of many autoimmune diseases, such as scleroderma. The present study aimed to investigate the serological ...

[ 1066 ] - Association between obesity types and anthropometric indices with rheumatoid arthritis disease

Background: Obesity is one of the causes of onset and exacerbation of rheumatoid arthritis. However, limited studies have examined the association between body composition and severity of disease. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between severity of rheumatoid arthritis with various types of obesity and the comparison of anthropometric indices between patients with rheumato...

[ 1067 ] - Association between ABO blood group and hepatitis B and C infection

Background: Hepatitis is among the major health problems, especially in developing countries. During past decades, the association between type of blood group (ABO) and hepatitis B and C virus has always been discussed. This study was designed to investigate the possible association between type of ABO blood group and chronic hepatitis B and C infection. Methods: In the present analytical stud...

[ 1068 ] - Acute methotrexate poisoning with diffuse rash: a case report

Background: Methotrexate is an anti-metabolite drug and one of the folic acid analog that it can play an important and functional role in the treatment of many malignancies and inflammatory diseases. However, the development of petechiae (maculopapular rash) is a very rare complication. Case Presentation: The patient was a 77 years old woman, Aryan race, who was known a case of severe and prog...

[ 1069 ] - Relationship of Social Capital with Hope for the Future in Patients with Cancer in Seyyed -O- Shohada Hospital in Isfahan

Introduction: Despite all the advances, cancer is still a deadly disease. An important solution in encountering, confronting, and overcoming this deadly disease is hope among the patients. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between social capital and hope in patients with cancer. Methods: Research method was survey, and the population was patients with cancer in Seyyed-o-...

[ 1070 ] - Unilateral Hearing Loss: Prevalence, Causes, Consequences and Available Remedies

Introduction: The prevalence of unilateral sensory neural hearing loss is 3 to 6 in every 1000 people and this prevalence will be about 3 to 5 percent by including conductive hearing loss. Studies have shown that people with unilateral hearing loss are having problems in speech and language development. Nowadays the available options for treatment and rehabilitation of people with unilateral he...

[ 1071 ] - Investigation Study the Specificity and Sensitivity of Ripasa and Alvarado Score in the Diagnosis of Acute Appendicitis in Patients Referred to Shaheed Rajaee Hospital [2016-2018]

Introduction: Appendicitis is one of the most prevalent causes of abdominal pain requiring surgery. Diagnosis of appendicitis is one of the important challenges of surgeons in emergency care. Delay in the diagnosis of appendicitis is associated with an increase in disability and mortality. The timely and correct diagnosis of appendicitis is necessary to reduce the complications of appendicitis ...

[ 1072 ] - Impact of Fugitive Dust Emission from Bauxite Crushing Industry on Soil Contamination (Case Study: Jajarm Alumina Factory)

Introduction: The origination of dust is often due to the wind erosion process. However dust emissions are sometimes the result of industrial activity during the production process, which is called industrial dust. One of these industries is rock crushing whose raw material is transferred from the mines to the factory. During the process of crushing, smaller pieces are eventually converted. The...

[ 1073 ] - Hand Hygiene Predictors in the Staff of Tehran Dentistry Centers Based on the Health Belief Model

Introduction: Transmission of infection by the hands of dentists and staff of dentistry centers is a major source of pathogens for patients that may cause clinical infections and can be prevented by proper hygiene. Considering the prevalence of dentistry services in the country, the present paper aims at determining the predictors of hand hygiene among the dentistry centers staff based on the h...

[ 1074 ] - Study of Apoptotic Properties of Silver Nanoparticles Green Synthesized Using Amaranthus cruentus Extract in Breast Cancer Cells (MDA)

Introduction: There are different treatment methods for cancer therapy, including surgical, anatomy, biopsy, chemotherapy and radiotherapy, but the side effects of these methods as well as their inefficiency for complete omission of cancer have led researchers to find a way to safety remove cells and cancerous tumors. The aim of this study was evaluation of cytotoxicity effects and apoptotic pr...

[ 1075 ] - Antibacterial Activity of Methanolic Extract of Some Native Medicinal Herbs of North Khorasan Province on Staphylococcus aureus

Introduction: Due to the increased antibiotic resistance of bacteria due to the uncontrolled use of antibiotics and the self-permeability of antibiotics, finding effective drugs with less complications is very important. Since traditional plants have good antibacterial properties, we decided to investigate the effect of methanolic extract of some samples from herbal plants of North Khorasan Pro...

[ 1076 ] - Assessment of Nurses' Clinical Competency in Imam Hasan Hospital, Bojnurd, Iran

Introduction: Nursing is as a clinical profession that is improving day to day. One of the important problem at hospitals is that nursing management are not aware of the competency of new entrance nurses. So, this study was done to assess competency of new nurses Emam Hasan hospital at Bojnurd. Methods: This study was the first stage of an action research. Nurses with under 10 working years wer...

[ 1077 ] - Comparison of the Effect of Ketorolac and Pethidine on Pain Control after Cesarean Section Surgery

Introduction: There are different approaches for controlling pain in patients after cesarean section, but still there is not enough to relieve the pain and satisfaction of the patients. The aim of this study was to compare the effect of ketorolac and Pethidine on pain control after cesarean section surgery in Birjand in2016-2017. Methods: In this Randomized clinical trial study, 122 pregnant wo...

[ 1078 ] - The Effect of High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) with Omega-3 Consumption on Plasma Level of Bdnf in Non-Athletes Male Adolescents

Introduction: The prevalence of overweight and obesity in adolescents and adults worldwide is known to be a critical health determinant that begins in childhood and continues most of the time until adulthood. Brain Drived Nurotrophic Factor Growth Factor (BDNF) stimulates and activates neuronal stem cells that proliferates and differentiates neurons, and is essential for the regulation of neuro...

[ 1079 ] - Comparison of the Effect of Swaddling and Nesting on Neonatal Self-Regulatory Behaviors with Addicted Mothers

Introduction: The use of narcotics during pregnancy is accompanied by injuries such as preterm delivery, low birth weight and severe complications such as birth defects, which can lead to increased stress, decreased self-regulation and hospitalization in infants with the escalation of stress caused by the environment in these infants, there is a need for an evolutionary care approach. Swaddlers...

[ 1080 ] - Comparison of Executive Functions in Preterm and Normal Children

Introduction: Executive functions refer to the use of cognitive processes to control thoughts and emotions. The purpose of this study was to compare the executive functions in premature and normal children. Methods: The present study is a causal comparative study. The statistical population of this study was Tabriz Premature Children that 30 of these children were selected by using available sa...

[ 1081 ] - Evaluation of Cell Toxicity Effect and Capacity of Free Radical Inhibitory by Methanol Extract of Johreniopsis stricticaulis on MCF-7 Cell Line in Pre and Past Flowering Stages

Introduction: Plants have a range of phenolic compounds that have antioxidant properties and these natural antioxidants reduce the risk of cancer by protecting cells and increasing the strength of antioxidants in the plasma. The aim of this study was evaluated cytotoxicity effects of methanol extract of Johreniopsis stricticaulis on MCF-7 cell line. Methods: After collection of Johreniopsis str...

[ 1082 ] - Program Budgeting and Marginal Analysis (PBMA) A Method for Prioritizing Resources: A Review Article

Introduction: The optimal allocation of resources is based on the resource requirement of important functions of the health system. The aim of this study is to introduce marginal budget planning and marginal analysis as a new approach to allocating resources of health system resources. Methods: Using the Medline and Google Scholar databases and the PBMA keyword search, studies published in rele...

[ 1083 ] - Changes in Liver Enzymes After the Implementation of Astrand and RAST Tests in Overweight Individuals

 Background & Objective:  Overweight people are more vulnerable to developing fatty liver disease, moreover; they are more likely to have increased serum liver enzymes and lactate dehydrogenase than others. The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in liver enzymes and lactate dehydrogenase after doing exhaustive aerobic and anaerobic exercises in active overweight male students.  Mate...

[ 1084 ] - Effect of the Xenograft Transplantation of Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells on Anxiety and Memory in Trimethyltin Induced-Alzheimer Disease Model

Background and Objectives: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease and the most common cause of dementia. The characteristics of this disease are amnesia, cognitive and verbal disorders, memory deficit, paranoia, depression, and anxiety. In this study, the alterations of cognitive-behavioral and nuclear factor kappa (NF-κ) factor, were investigated following the xenogenic transp...

[ 1085 ] - The Cytotoxic Effect of Hyssop Extract on Breast Cancer Cell Line

Background and Objectives: Given the rising prevalence of breast cancer in Iran over the past two decades and also high mortality rate of the patients, and on the other hand, according to oral administration, low cost, and easy public access to hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis), in this study, the effectiveness of this herbal product, was investigated on MCF-7 breast cancer cell line.   Methods: I...

[ 1086 ] - Parental Assessment of Access and Barriers to Access to Oral and Dental Health Services in Children Referring to Dentistry Centers inTehran City, 2018, (Iran)

Background and Objectives: Promotion of oral and dental health in children is an underlying factor for increased level of community health, which is not achieved without providing desirable dental services. Accessibility and patient satisfaction are two factors affecting oral and dental health services. The aim of this study was to investigate the barriers to access to oral and dental care serv...

[ 1087 ] - Antinociceptive and Anti-inflammatory Effects of Hydroalcoholic Extract of Female Cones of Juniper (Juniperus excelsa) and Plantago ovata in Male Wistar Rats

Background and Objectives: Today, given the numerous complications caused by use of chemical drugs, attention has been paid to the use of herbal medicines. The purpose of this study was to investigate the antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects of hydroalcoholic extract of female cones of Juniper and Plantago ovata in male Wistar rats.   Methods: In this study, 144 male Wistar rats were ...

[ 1088 ] - Evaluation of Dental Crowns Made in the School of Dentistry of Qom University of Medical Sciences, 2018 (Iran)

Background and Objectives: One of the most commonly used restorations for teeth with severe crown destruction is restoration with fixed prosthesis. The present research was conducted to evaluate dental crowns made in the School of Dentistry of Qom University of Medical Sciences.   Methods: This cross-sectional retrospective descriptive study was performed on 62 patients who received crowns. Pa...

[ 1089 ] - Evaluation of photocatalytic process using GO/ZnO nanocomposites under LED irradiation for removal of Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) from aqueous solutions

Background and Aim: Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs), and potential EDCs are mostly man-made, found in various materials such as pesticides, metals, additives or contaminants in food, and personal care products. Phthalates are a group of these compounds that are carcinogenic to animals and can cause fetal death and congenital anomalies. The aim of this study was to investigate the photocat...

[ 1090 ] - Influence of Diosmin on Post hemorrhoidectomy Pain: A Si gle-blind n Randomized Controlled Trial

Background and purpose: Fear of pain is one of the main reasons for refusing surgical hemorrhoidectomy among patients with hemorrhoids. This study investigated the effect of Diosmin on post-hemorrhoidectomy pain. Materials and methods: A single-blind randomized clinical trial was performed in 92 patients undergoing hemorrhoidectomy. They were randomly divided into two groups; the intervention ...

[ 1091 ] - Prevalence of Influenza A/H1N1 Virus in North of Iran, 2013 to 2017

Background and purpose: Influenza viruses annually spread around the world in seasonal epidemics. The A/H1N1 virus causes more severe conditions compared to other types of Influenza A. This study is an epidemiological survey of influenza A/H1N1 virus in patients attending health care centers in north of Iran during 2013-2017. Materials and methods: Sampling was done in 3037 patients. Influenza...

[ 1092 ] - Factors Associated with Iranian Couple's Communication Patterns: A Scoping Review

Background and purpose: Couples' communication patterns is of great importance in resolving marital conflicts. These patterns include mutual constructive communication, mutual avoidance communication, and demand-withdrawal communication. The present study aimed at investigating the factors associated with Iranian couples' communication patterns. Materials and methods: A scoping review was perf...

[ 1093 ] - Effect of Oral Glutamine on Patient Outcomes following Open Heart Surgery: A Double Blind Clinical Trial

Background and purpose: Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of death worldwide. Surgical treatment is one of the main treatment options for cardiac diseases. However, the complications of open heart surgery increase the morbidity and mortality rates and also increase the length of stay in Intensive Care Unit (ICU). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of oral glutamine...

[ 1094 ] - Cloning and Expression of Two New Recombinant Antimicrobial Dermaseptin B1 Peptides in Tobacco to Control the Growth of Human Bacterial Pathogens

Background and purpose: Rapid emergence of traditional antibiotic-resistant pathogens is one of the most important global challenges in medical sciences. To this end, substitution of current antibiotics with strong antimicrobial peptides could be of great benefit. Materials and methods: In this study, the DNA sequence encoding dermaseptin B1 (DrsB1) antimicrobial peptide derived from Phyllomed...

[ 1095 ] - Comparing the Effect of Laryngeal Mask Airway And Endotracheal Tube Insertion on Intraocular Pressure in Cataract Surgery

Background and purpose: The method of anesthesia affects intraocular pressure (IOP), especially general anesthesia which is sometimes administered with endotracheal tube (ETT) insertion. The aim of this research was to compare the effect of laryngeal mask airway (LMA) and ETT on intraocular pressure in cataract surgery. Materials and methods: In a single blind randomized clinical trial, 61 pat...

[ 1096 ] - Prevalence of Elder Abuse in Maragheh, Iran 2017

Background and purpose: Elder abuse is one of the major social health problems in societies which is also a challenging issue in providing care to the elderly and the healthcare system in Iran. The rate of this misbehavior has increased rapidly over the past two decades. The present study was conducted to determine the prevalence of elder abuse and its association with some personal and social ...

[ 1097 ] - Efficiency of Photocatalytic Ozone Process Combined with Zinc Oxide in Removal of Amoxicillin from Hospital Wastewater

Background and purpose: One of the main problems of pollution of aquatic environments is hardly biodegradable chemicals with high toxicity such as antibiotics. If they are not removed from the wastewater, particularly the hospital wastewater, many health and environmental hazards are created. Therefore, appropriate management and treatment of this type of wastewater is highly necessary. This re...

[ 1098 ] - MiR-181b Expression Levels as Molecular Biomarker for Type 2 Diabetes

 Background and purpose: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) as a progressive metabolic disorder is rising very fast around the world. Diagnosis of T2DM at early stages (prediabetic) is important in reducing the mortality associated with this disease. Several studies have shown that micro-RNAs play a major role in the pathogenesis of the T2DM. Because of the high stability of these regulatory RNA i...

[ 1099 ] - Effective Teaching Model in Continuing Medical Education Programs

Background and purpose: World Health Organization (WHO) considers continuing medical education (CME) as an urgent necessity. The purpose of this study was to provide an effective teaching model in CME programs. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study, 229 faculty members from medical universities in Iran participated. They had teaching experiences in the CME programs of Mazandaran...

[ 1100 ] - Ectopic Pregnancy at the Site of Previous Cesarean Section: A Case Report

Pregnancy at the site of cesarean section is an uncommon form of ectopic pregnancy which is associated with delayed diagnosis and late treatment may cause maternal mortality. This paper reports an ectopic pregnancy on the site of an earlier cesarean section. The patient is a 33-year-old woman with history of a normal delivery and a cesarean section and a uterine curettage in the past year who c...

[ 1101 ] - Abdominal Pain with Unknown Origin: A Case Report

Lead may cause toxicity in case of frequent occupational exposure or non-occupational exposure as a result of water, soil, and air pollution. Opium abuse is an important cause of lead poisoning among the people in Middle East, including Iran. Symptoms are not specific and include fatigue, impaired concentration and memory, and non-specific abdominal pain. The abdominal pain which is known as le...

[ 1102 ] - Correction to: Prevalence of IMP and SPM Genes in Clinical Isolates of Carbapenem Resistant Acinetobacter baumannii in Educational Hospitals of Sari, Iran

In the article published in volume 29, issue 174, 2019, the affiliation and surname of Zahra Norouzi bazgir was published incorrectly, which is now corrected.

[ 1103 ] - Correction to: Prevalence and Antibiotic Resistance Pattern of Citrobacter freundii Isolated from A Burn Center

In the article published in volume 29, issue 174, 2019, the affiliation and surname of Zahra Norouzi bazgir was published incorrectly, which is now corrected.

[ 1104 ] - Designing the questionnaire to evaluate mother’s knowledge, attitude, and practice about oral health

Background: Parental knowledge about oral health is the first step in oral health education interventions. It is necessary to have a standard questionnaire. The purpose of this study was to design a standard questionnaire to evaluate parents' knowledge, attitude and practice.   Materials and methods: In this study, the expected areas were identified by pediatric dental and oral health professi...

[ 1105 ] - Evaluation of dentistry fear in 3-8 years old children referred to Shahid Sadoughi Dental School in Yazd

Background: Fear of dentistry known as a key factor in preventing children from referring to the dentist even delaying or cancelling dental appointments. In this regard the aim of this study was to identify the fear of dental dentistry in 3-8 years old children referring to pediatric dentistry department of Shahid Sadoughi dental school of Yazd and to compare the two aged groups in 2015-2016. ...

[ 1106 ] - Attitude and practice of dental students about preventive and therapeutic management

Background: Some diseases are caused by a single factor and others, including dental caries, are caused by different behavioral, biological and socioeconomic factors. The aim of this study was to determine the attitude and practice of dental students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences about caries risk assessment in children.   Materials and methods: This descriptive cross-sectional stud...

[ 1107 ] - Functional and esthetic rehabilitation for a preschooler child using modified Groper's appliance: a clinical case report

Introduction: Premature loss of primary teeth affects child's nutrition, sleep, growth, and self-confidence. Besides, it can cause undesirable movement of the primary or permanent teeth. Case presentation: This paper reports a 5.5-year old boy presenting with severe-early childhood caries, who had suffered from early extraction of some primary teeth as well as several other dental problems. Af...

[ 1108 ] - IN VITRO STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF THYMUS VULGARIS ON ALPHA-GLUCOSIDASE ENZYME INHIBITION FOR TREATING DIABETES

Background: Diabetes is a metabolic abnormality in the body caused by the high activity of the α-glucosidase enzyme in the hydrolysis of carbohydrates to glucose. Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors involved in the digestion of carbohydrates, play a key role in controlling diabetes. Thymus vulgaris is a species of flowering plant in the mint family Lamiaceae with a chromosome number of 2n = 30. The es...

[ 1109 ] - THE EFFECTS OF INTERVAL TRAINING INTENSITY ON SKELETAL MUSCLE PGC-1Α IN TYPE2 DIABETIC MALE RATS

Background: The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of a 12 weeks interval training with high and moderate intensity on PGC-1α of skeletal muscle in type 2 diabetic male rats. Methods: 40 male rats were divided into two groups: High fat diet (HFD) (n=32) and standard diet (C) (n=8) for 10 weeks. After inducing type2 diabetes via STZ, 8 diabetic rats (D) and 8 rats in group C rats ...

[ 1110 ] - THE EFECT OF DICHLOROACETATE AND ENDURANCE TRAINING ON THE GENES EXPRESSION OF SUPEROXIDE DISMUTASE (SOD) AND GLUTATHIONE PEROXIDASE (GPX) IN CARDIAC MUSCLE OF DIABETIC MALE RATS

Background: Oxidative stress plays a key role in the onset and development of diabetes Complications, Including diabetic cardiomyopathy. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of dichloroacetate (DCA) on SOD and GPX expression following six weeks’ endurance training in cardiac muscle of diabetic male rats. Methods: In this experimental study, 64 male Wistar rats were selected an...

[ 1111 ] - EFFECTIVENESS OF INSTRUCT COGNITIVE ERRORS IN THE WAY OF PHILOSOPHY FOR CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS, IN COGNITIVE ERRORS, WELL-BEING AND BLOOD SUGAR LEVELS OF CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS WITH TYPE I DIABETES

Background: Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease that children and adolescents do not have the ability to care for themselves, despite having enough information about their self-care (nutrition, insulin, exercise, etc.). Self-care, such as any behavior, can be influenced by the way of thinking, and the philosophy teaching method can be a suitable educational tool for changing thinking. The purp...

[ 1112 ] - THE EFFECTS OF COMBINED EXERCISE WITH AND WITHOUT DIET ON PLASMA INFLAMMATORY BIOMARKERS AND ENDOTHELIAL DYSFUNCTION IN ELDERLY PATIENTS WITH TYPE 2 DIABETES

Background: Inflammation plays an important role in the incidence and development of metabolic disorders and exercises along with dietary restrictions for weight loss. It has beneficial effects on reducing inflammatory markers, especially in type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of combined exercise (resistance-aerobic) with and without diet restriction on weight...

[ 1113 ] - STUDYING THE EFFECT OF 8 WEEKS OF HICT ON SERUM LEVELS OF BDNF AND IRISIN AND BODY WEIGHT IN ELDERLY WOMEN WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME

Background: Physical activity is an effective stimulant for improving the health of elderly people with metabolic syndrome by increasing energy consumption and thus reducing body fat. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of 8 weeks of high intensity circuit training (HICT) on serum BDNF and Irisin levels and body weight in elderly women with metabolic syndrome in Khorramabad ...

[ 1115 ] - An Overview of Novel Anticoagulants

Arterial and venous thromboembolism is one of the most common causes of death worldwide. For almost seventy years, heparin, low molecular weight heparin, and vitamin K antagonists have been widely used in the prevention and treatment of thromboembolic disorders. However, many of the limitations of these traditional anticoagulants have led to the search for and attempts to introduce better drug ...

[ 1116 ] - Pulmonary Hypertension Registry: a 10-Year Experience

Background: Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH), a fatal orphan disease, is defined as increased mean Pulmonary Arterial Pressure (mPAP) above 25 mm/Hg, Pulmonary Capillary Wedge Pressure (PCWP) below 15 mm/Hg, and pulmonary vascular Resistance over 3 Wood Unit (WU). Although Pulmonary Hypertension (PH) is a relatively prevalent disease, the idiopathic form (iPAH) is a rare disease with a pre...

[ 1117 ] - The Effect of Eight Weeks Aerobic and Resistance Training on AMP-Activated Protein Kinase (AMPK) Gene Expression in Soleus Muscle and Insulin Resistance of STZ-Induced Diabetic Rat

Background: AMPK regulation is one of biggest target in T2D and metabolic syndrome research. Therefore, the present study is aimed to investigate The effect of 8 weeks aerobic and Resistance training on AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) gene expression in soleus muscle and insulin resistance of STZ-induced diabetic rat. Methods: The research method of present study was experimental. For this...

[ 1118 ] - Epidemiology of Burn Patients Admitted to Intensive Care Unit of Motahari Hospital in Tehran (2008-2013)

Background: Care, treatment and the necessity of extensive research in burn patients is an important priority for health systems. The aim of this study is to analyze the epidemiology of burn patients who admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) of Shahid Motahari hospital in Tehran during 2008-2013. Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was performed on patients with burns which were admitte...

[ 1119 ] - Designing and Validating a Questionnaire for the Health Insurance Management of the People with Mental Disorders

Background: Identification of variables with substantial effect on providing health care insurance can lead to detect the major health indicators, which help improving the mental health care system of Iran. This study aimed to design and validate a health insurance management questionnaire to improve the care for those with mental disorders. Methods: This research was a survey-analytical study...

[ 1120 ] - Efficiency of Saccharomyces Cerevisiae in Ceftriaxone Removal from Aquatic Environments: Kinetic, Isotherm of Absorption and Thermodynamics Study

Background & objectives: Antibiotics are potentially harmful contaminants, which can cause harmful effects on environmental equilibrium of ecosystems and the food chain. The aim of this study was to investigate the removal of ceftriaxone antibiotic by Saccharomyces Cerevisiae biosorbent from aquatic environments. Methods: This experimental study was conducted in a lab-scale batch reactor as dis...

[ 1121 ] - Optimization of Acid Blue 113 Adsorption from Aqueous Solutions by Natural Bentonite Using Response Surface Model: Isotherm and Kinetic Study

Background & objectives: Dyes are one of the main environmental pollutants of textile industrial wastewater which are toxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic, and non-biodegradable. Therefore, in this study, Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was used to investigate the operational parameters and determine the optimum conditions for the removal of acid blue 113 in the presence of bentonite. Methods: The...

[ 1122 ] - Determination of Lead, Arsenic and Nickel concentration in Iranian and Foreign Hair Colors

Background & objectives: The tendency of humans, especially women, to have the beautiful appearance, has increased the use of the chemical hair colors.  Heavy metals such as lead, arsenic and nickel are present in these products as a preservative and colorant. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of these elements in Iranian and foreign hair colors brands and compare them. Metho...

[ 1123 ] - Environmental Assessment of Styrene as a Dangerous Substance Entering the Container Terminal Using the ALOHA and PHAST Softwares (Case Study: Bandar Imam Khomeini)

Background & objectives: Modeling with software is a fast way to predict the extent of material release range and simulate its consequences. Due the arrival of the large number of dangerous goods, including styrene, from the petrochemical industries to the port of Imam Khomeini, it is necessary to evaluate the consequences and potential damages of this material.This study was conducted in 2014 ...

[ 1124 ] - Investigating the Effect of Training Intervention of Hearing Protection Devices Use Based on BASNEF Model on the Workers of Hamadan Small Workshops

Background& objectives: Due to the high number of small workshops in the country, the numerous workforce of them from one hand, the existing noise as one of the harmful factors in the working environment and the importance of workers’ health from the other hand, this study was conducted with the aim of identifying the effect of training intervention of hearing protection devices use based on BA...

[ 1125 ] - The Survey of Life and Sleep Quality of Active and Inactive Soldiers

Background & objectives: The quality of sleep and life are variables that have a very important role in organizing the social, physical and psychological aspects of human. This study aimed to compare the quality of life and sleep of active and passive soldiers. Methods: Among 400 soldiers of shahid Abbas Doran Air Force base in Shiraz, 200 soldiers were selected by available sampling method and...

[ 1126 ] - Investigating the underlying factors of the establishment of knowledge management in insurance organizations: case study in Social Security Organization

Background and Aim: Knowledge management is a conscious strategy to acquire knowledge in the right time and to help individuals to share their information to improve organizational performance. This study aims to investigate the factors underlying the establishment of knowledge management in Social Security Organization. Methods: This cross-sectional study conducted in 2017. The statistical pop...

[ 1127 ] - Effective Factors on Attitudes toward Job Prospect among PhD Students

Background and Objectives: Job motivation is essential for effective employment. The aim of this study was to investigate affective factors on attitudes toward future job among PhD students in Hamadan University of Medical Sciences. Materials and Methods: This is a descriptive-cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 81 Ph.D. students who were selected from different faculties based on a...

[ 1128 ] - Comparison of the Diagnostic Values of Four-Point and Two-point Ultrasound Versus CT Scan in Determining Pneumothorax

Background and Objectives: Pneumothorax is a life-threatening complication and the most common cause of which is trauma. Early diagnosis and treatment of Pneumothorax are very important. The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic values of four-point and double-point ultrasound versus CT scan in determining pneumothorax in Rasul-Akram and Hafte-Tir Hospitals during the years 2015 - 201...

[ 1129 ] - Antibacterial Effect of Alcoholic and Aqueous Extract of Carla on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus

Background and Objectives: Today, with increasingresistance of bacteria to antibiotics, the use of medicinal plants has increased. The aim of this study was to investigate the antibacterial properties of Carla extract on Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus to investigate the inhibitory properties and to find alternative drugs. Materials and Methods: In this research, the antimicrobial a...

[ 1130 ] - Job Satisfaction among Nurses in Hospitals of Iran:A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Background and Objectives: Lack of job satisfaction among nurses leads to decrease health care quality and the performance of hospitals. This study aimed to determine Job satisfaction among nurses in hospitals of Iran. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted using a systematic review and meta-analysis approach. Eight electronic databases were searched and evaluated for original researc...

[ 1131 ] - Evaluation of Diagnostic Value of Clinical Ultrasonography Compared to Radiography in the Diagnosis of Metacarpal Fractures in the Emergency

Background and Objectives: Metacarpal and finger fractures are the most common upper organ injuries in the emergency. The hand is one of the most important and effective part in this organ. Diagnosis and treatment for these organs are crucial until complete recovery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of ultrasonography compared to radiography in the diagnosis of metacar...

[ 1132 ] - The Prevalence of Musculoskeletal Disorders in the Fruit and Vegetable Markets Workers of Tehran and Factors Affecting Disorders

Background and Objectives: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders can a great deal cost for communities each year. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in workers working in the fruit and vegetable markets and to identify the risk factors that affecting these disorders. Materials and Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 5...

[ 1133 ] - Study of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus in Traditional and Device-Made Ice Cream in Qazvin, 2017-2018: A Short Report

  Background and Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in traditional and device-made ice cream in Qazvin. Materials and Methods: In this cross- sectional study, 100 samples of traditional and device-made ice cream in Qazvin were randomly collected over a period of one year and in different seasons. The culture method ...

[ 1134 ] - Decreased Intima-Media Carotid Artery Thickness after 24 Sessions of Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercise in Type 2 Diabetic Patients

Background and Objective: Diabetes type 2 has been estimated as the seventh leading cause of death worldwide. Diabetic patients are 2-3 times more likely to be at the risk of atherosclerosis, compared to normal people. It has been reported that exercise prevents atherosclerosis in diabetic patients. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise on vascular variables...

[ 1135 ] - Adherence to Hypertension Treatment and its Determinants in Patients Referred to a Tertiary Cardiology Center in Urmia, Iran

Background and Objective: Adherence to antihypertension medications is an important factor in the control of hypertension. In this regard, the present study aimed to estimate the extent of medication adherence in hypertensive patients and its determinants in the special clinic of Seyed-al Shohada Cardiovascular Tertiary Hospital in Urmia, Iran. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional st...

[ 1136 ] - Evaluation of Drain Placement Outcomes in Patients Requiring Splenectomy

Background and Objective: Splenectomy is one of the most common abdominal surgeries following internal and hematologic diseases, as well as trauma which is along with some complications. This study aimed to investigate the effects and outcomes of drain placement after splenectomy, open splenorrhaphy, or laparoscopy. Materials and Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study included patient...

[ 1137 ] - Seroepidemiology of Toxocariasis in 2-12-year-old Children Refered to Health Centers in Kermanshah during 2018

Background and Objective: Toxocariasis is a common infection between humans and animals, which can be considered as a health issue in vulnerable populations due to its indigenous nature to the country and the region.  Therefore, the purpose of this study was to estimate the risk of contamination with Toxocara canis infection and exposure to its parasite in children. Materials and Methods: This...

[ 1138 ] - Effect of Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo on Auditory-Verbal Memory

Background and Objective: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of vertigo with peripheral origin, and its psychologic consequences frequently ignored by clinicians. In this regard, the present study aimed to investigate the effects of BPPV on patient auditory-verbal memory. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 40 volunteer patients wi...

[ 1139 ] - Clinical and Para Clinical Manifestations of HIV-Positive Patients at Different Levels of CD4

Background and Objective: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected people are at higher risk of opportunistic infections due to immunodeficiency. The current study aimed to evaluate the different levels of CD4 in HIV-infected patients and its relationship with clinical and paraclinical manifestations of the patients. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 94 HIV-...

[ 1140 ] - A Case Report of Effect of Physical Therapy on Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Following Mandibular Symphyseal Fracture

Background: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction following Mandibular fractures can lead to limitation of jaw movement especially month opening, pain, and muscular atrophy. In this regard, the current study aimed to determine the effect of manual mobilization along with other physiotherapy modalities on the improved function of TMJ in a patient with Mandibular symphyseal fracture. Case Pr...

[ 1141 ] - The Correlation of Strategic Thinking with Management Levels in East Guilan Public Hospitals

Introduction: Strategic thinking plays an important role in sustaining and advancing in today's dynamic and dynamic environment. The purpose of this study was to determine the correlation between strategic thinking and management levels in East Guilan public hospitals. Methods: This research is a descriptive-correlation study. The sample included 119 senior managers, middle managers and execut...

[ 1142 ] - Determining the Factors Related to Exercise Based on the “Theory of Planned Behavior” in Non-Athlete Boys in Ijrod City of Zanjan

Introduction: Regular physical activity as an important health promoting behavior can prevent or delay the development of chronic diseases. The purpose of the present study was to determine the factors related to exercising based on the “Theory of Planned Behavior “in boys in in Ijrod City of Zanjan. Methods: The present study is descriptive-correlational. In this research, a sample of 185 boy...

[ 1143 ] - The Correlation between Financial Health and Business Continuity of Banks with the Mediation of Organizational Resilience

Abstract Introduction: Financial soundness of the bank means the optimal financial and operational status of a bank, which can play a significant role in the continuity of the bank's business, leading to the bank's resilience to crises. This study aimed to determine the correlation between financial health and bank business continuity with the mediating role of organizational resilience. Method...

[ 1144 ] - Model of Professional Ethics Development by Identifying its Effective Factors

The purpose of this study was to exploration the effective factors in the development of professional ethics and modeling this case. This research is considered exploratory-descriptive based on its goal and functional-developmental, based on the result. It has been done based on a combination method, by using a researcher-made questionnaire and content analysis. At first step, effective factors...

[ 1145 ] - Identification and prioritizing Succession Management Barriers in Shiraz Petrochemical Company by mixed method

The purpose of this study was to identify and prioritize the barriers of succession management in Shiraz Petrochemical Company. The mixed method has been. In qualitative stage, by means of thematic analysis and semi-structured interviewing, the obstacles of succession management were explored. The potential participants in this stage were 30 people including experts in the Shiraz Petrochemical ...

[ 1146 ] - Conceptual Model of Knowledge Management from the Perspective of Human Resources in Educational-Research Institutions

This paper focuses on designing a conceptual model of knowledge management from the point of view of human resources employed in educational-research institutes. The research method was descriptive-survey study and the statistical population of this study consisted of 56 experts and managers of an educational research institute. They were asked by simple random sampling method through a researc...

[ 1147 ] - The Analysis of Spatial Relationships in Village Houses Based on a Social Approach (Case Study: Village Koopar)

Different factors affect the formation of rural house spaces that are generally associated with environmental factors such as climate and geographical characteristics along with human factors such as cultural and social factors. One of the most important of them is the cultural-social factors that makes it possible to reach a spatial understanding and the concepts which are presented in the arc...

[ 1148 ] - Analysis of Economic Factors Affecting the Developments in Livelihood-based Housing in Rural Areas (Case study: Mojezat County, Zanjan Township)

Rural housing as the main physical element of space with a multi-functional nature has been constantly evolving influenced by various factors and forces. The most important components that have changed in recent years in the context of housing-related developments are the housing component in the rural areas. The shift from livelihood-based housing to rural housing, which has only a residential...

[ 1149 ] - Measure the Sense of Place in a Displaced Village after Disaster (Case Study: Kanzag Village in Ardabil)

Natural disasters, among the issues and problems facing the villagers, can endanger the daily lives of villagers from various economic, social and environmental dimensions. The earthquake has always existed as a repeatable and unpredictable phenomenon during the life of the planet. The villages are more vulnerable than others. When the village is destroyed by the earthquake, it changes the vill...

[ 1150 ] - The Impact Analysis of Spatial Flows on Physio-Spatial Transformation of Peripheral Villages (Case Study: Peripheral Rural Settlements of Karaj Metropolitan, Tankanan Shomali District)

In recent years, rural settlements have undergone changes due to physio-spatial changes. The acceleration of these changes has been so much that many villages have undergone structural and physical changes, or sometimes slowly joined the body of cities. There are different spatial flows between the metropolitans and surrounding settlements. These flows have shaped many of the developments in th...

[ 1151 ] - Study of Yakhchals of Naeen with Analytical Viewpoint based on Elements of Vernacular Architecture

Various climates and geographical variables of  iran prompted architectures to design buildings based on principles of vernacular architecture in order to reach the optimal styles which are highly compatible with the climate. In years gone by, Naeen’s hot and arid climate galvanized people into finding an effective way to tackle this adverse climate condition; therefore, a variety of techniques...

[ 1152 ] - The Factors and Basis of Continuity and Interruption in Iran's Bio-social Zones

In comparison to urban texture, contemporary texture, which is formed from the beginning of the present century, occupies less space and was formed based on pedestrian connection. Contemporary texture was on a gradual increase and there was a relative correlation between needs of residents and building of infrastructures,providing services which because of this, there was a balance between resi...

[ 1153 ] - Seismic Consolidation of Rural Adobe Building (Case Study: Tabas Isfahak Historical Village)

After the earthquake of Tabas at 19:36 pm in September 16, 1978, a large part of the buildings were destroyed and there were many human casualties. With more research, it can be seen that a significant number of these damages and losses from the earthquake had been related to rural buildings around the city (Tabas). Due to the fact that the Tabas area has a warm, dry and desert climate, Village...

[ 1155 ] - The Achievements of Islamic Revolution (IR) in the Field of Interactions between Government and Citizens on the Basis of the Theory of the Systems

This article seeks to answer the question: what is the relationship of a community of citizens with a healthy political system and to what extent does IR has been successed in giving an ideal model of this relation during its fourth decade of life? Regarding the hypothesis, it can be said that in the political system originated from the heart of the revolution, active and motivated citizens, in...

[ 1156 ] - Behavioral Study of Saudi Arabia's Foreign Policy before Egypt and Bahrain Following the Arab Revolutions

Regional revolutions in Tunisia and Egypt and the expansion of consequent insurgences into other countries in western Asia have led to the formation of relationships as well as new behavioral patterns in the region. Meanwhile the behaviors of regional players in terms of confrontation toward these revolutions can be examined in both ends of the spectrum; countries that have greeted these revolu...

[ 1157 ] - A Study of Left Party’s Viewpoints and Stances in Initial Two Decades Following the Victory of Islamic Revolution Based on Dilthey Historicism

This research tries to analyze necessities of left party’s thoughts in terms of time and place during initial two decades after the revolution applying Dilthey’s historicism. This method as a school of sociology of knowledge, believes that thoughts are derived from conditions of time and place in the society. Findings of this research indicate that left party’s viewpoints and stances during 80s...

[ 1158 ] - World of Islam According to Constructivism

From the beginning of twentieth century Islamic intellectual movements called Islamic Awakening Movement were formed in the world of Islam. They were aimed at fighting colonization of Islamic countries by west and help Muslims return to forgotten Islamic laws and regulations. Their primary objective was to regenerate and revive political Islam in twentieth century. Islamic awakening process and...

[ 1159 ] - The goals of Islamic awakening from the perspective of the Holy Quran

Having applied descriptive analysis and using holy Quran as the primary and most important resource and then prominent Quran interpretations as well as primary and important resources in this field, this article has tried to study and explain holy Quran's viewpoint about the objectives of Islamic awakening. The result is the achievement of an ultimate goal i.e. closeness to God and becoming a P...

[ 1160 ] - Supreme Leader's Viewpoint

A precise and comprehensive knowledge of nature of issues is among the most important affair related to the same issue so that through this knowledge a better judgment and decision can be achieved. It gains more importance in the case of Islamic awakening due to numerous analyses sometimes quite contrastive (such as its Arabian, American or Islamic nature). This article tries to find the nature...

[ 1161 ] - New Public Diplomacy and Islamic Awakening

As the pioneer of contemporary Islamic awakening, Islamic revolution of Iran has a mission to inform people of middle-east region about the opportunities and challenges of recent uprisings. On the other hand, it has yet another mission, called the exportation of the revolution by late Imam Khomeini, to inform people of the countries where Islamic awakening has not spread yet. The tool Islamic r...

[ 1162 ] - Islam; Challenges and Opportunities

Undoubtedly Islamic Revolution of Iran has been the source of Islamic awakening in the middle-east. Therefore Islamic Republic of Iran plays the role of an example and a director of political developments in the region. Islamic awakening in Arab countries has been able to question the dominant discourse of dictators in the middle-east region and topple their regimes. These developments include ...

[ 1163 ] - for New Middle-East in its Interaction with Domination System

Middle-east region has been at the center of attention since a long time ago due to its special geopolitical situation as well as its bountiful energy resources. Domination system's attention to this region is because they try to secure their future energy and guarantee Israel's security against Islamic countries subsequent to Islamic awakening. Therefore natural resources in this region can be...

[ 1164 ] - Influence on Saudi Arabia

"Broadcast" theory is one of the common theories explaining how phenomena and ideas spread. It is used by researchers in different fields of study. Having studied broadcast theory and its different components, this article tries to represent whether Islamic revolution of Iran has exerted influence on Saudi Arabia. And if positive, how it has influenced and how much it has been. The results sug...

[ 1165 ] - Area of Islamic Awakening and Offering Political Suggestion for Islamic Republic of Iran

Developments in Arab countries of the middle-east and North Africa currently known by many as Islamic Awakening have created new groups and currents in the region and Islamic world. In view of these developments, this article mainly studies the status of printed media (main newspapers) in the abovementioned geographical region (Algeria, Jordan, Egypt, Lebanon, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Libya, Kuwait...

[ 1166 ] - (Challenges and Solutions)

This article tries to inspect the delusion of Shiite-o-phobia as one of the most important threats for Islamic Awakening. How it has appeared and how it should be handled is the most important concern of this article. The author believes that following the emergence of Islamic Awakening in Iran, strategists of international hegemony have figured out the high potential of Shiites' soft power to ...

[ 1167 ] - Syria in Iranian Press

The main inquiry of this article is how differently the news of uprisings in Bahrain, Yemen and Syria has been covered in conservative and reformist press. In the section of theories, a review of agenda-setting and social constructionism has been offered and using theory of constructivism the role of values, identity and norms in social uprisings has been studied. In this article, ten newspaper...

[ 1168 ] - The soft west war and the political legitimacy of the Islamic Republic of Iran

Among the objectives of western soft war is to marginalize national and religious cultures and facilitate the domination of liberal democracy in the globalization process as well as world domination. The main axis of soft war is to provoke cultural, social and political forces in countries with intellectual, factional and methodical rifts so that the opposition can transfer the components of it...

[ 1169 ] - Acceleration of Islamic Revolution's Victory Process Based on McLuhan's Theory

This article mainly focuses on how and with the aid of what media Islamic revolution's leadership spread revolution's ideology among the masses and when necessary he mobilized and organized people. To address this question McLuhan's classification of media into hot and cool has been applied to study the influence of media by Imam Khomeini and acceleration of Islamic revolution's victory. Having...

[ 1170 ] - The Likeness of the Prophet`s Companions to a Growing Plant; a Comparative Case Study of the Holy Quran and the Four Versions of the Gospel

In the passage "... Such is their likeness in the Torah and their likeness in the Gospel like as sown corn that sendeth forth its shoot and strengtheneth it and riseth firm upon its stalk..." in verse 29 of Surah Fath the Prophet`s companions have been likened to growing plants. According to the above statement, there must be passages containing the parable of the verse in Gospel. The search fo...

[ 1171 ] - The Quranic Principle of Good Speech as Viewed by Commentators and Its Part in Managing Social Conflicts

Social conflict is any form of conscious hostile behavior, thinking and feeling that occurs at different levels of social relationships. This social problem has numerous and sometimes irreparable personal and social consequences. The purpose of the present study is to examine the position and role of the Quranic principle of "good speech" in the management of social conflicts. In this descripti...

[ 1172 ] - A Study of Commentators` View of the Verse of Peace, 61 of Afal, If Abrogated or Not

Islam's view of Muslims` peace with others, even infidels, is expressed in the verse 61 of Surat Anfal, known as the verse of peace. Fariqain's commentators disagree on the interpretation of the verse and what meant by it; what said by the commentators has been given as two views in the paper. Some believe that this verse was specific to the early years of the Prophet's migration. At that time,...

[ 1173 ] - An Explanation of the Jihad Verses as Viewed by Allameh Javadi Amoli and an Assessment of Firestone`s View

Jihad in Islam has many dimensions, all of which can be gathered as trying to work for God. In the meantime, only on the issue of war have there been many misunderstandings having led to many attacks against Islam. Since increasing tensions in the Islamic region in recent years has led to the growth of the phenomenon of Islamophobia, it is necessary to explain the truth of jihad and revealed th...

[ 1174 ] - A Study of the Meaning of &quot;Resistance&quot; with a Social Approach in the Quranic Verses

"Resistance" is one of the fundamental and innate words of Quranic origin that has a significant relationship with the Quranic social concepts and verses. According to the literal and interpretive implications, it can be known equal to monotheism, justice and, ultimately, Islam. This essential and notable word, however, has misunderstood so that the methods of resistance such as confrontation, ...

[ 1175 ] - Meaning of “the Right Imam” based upon the Holy Quran’s Verses

The concept of “the Right Imam” is one of the most significant Quranic concepts and has attracted the attention of various jurisprudential, theological, mystical, interpretative, narrative and historical schools. However, it has not been dealt with by a semantic approach yet. Although the word “Imam” with the meaning of right leader has been used in 5 ranks in the Holy Quran, it could be said t...

[ 1176 ] - The Quality of Weighing the Deeds in the Day of Resurrection in the Fariqain’s Commentary Resources Based upon Verse 47 Al-Anbiyaa

Some of the Holy Quran’s verses such as the verse 47 Surah Al-Anbiyaa are about the quality and way of measuring the deeds in the day of resurrection. Various questions have been asked about the way of calculating the deeds and the number of t