Formal grammar ooers two ways of analysing complementizers, i.e. as heads of their own phrasal projection (CP) or as nonhead sisters of verbal projections. Within HPSG, both treatments have been argued for, the former in Sag (to appear), the latter in Pollard & Sag (1994). In this paper, I will assess the pros and cons of both options on the basis of a number of Dutch complementizers. 1 Two way...
It is an open question whether the functional projections above the VP projection are the same, either across languages or within a single language. Based on the morphosyntactic evidence in Finnish, and following Baker’s (1985) Mirror Principle, the functional projections of the non-finite clause differ from those of the finite clause, although both types of clauses contain a VP projection. Thi...
:Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America2016
Megan E Fox,
Maria A Mikhailova,
Caroline E Bass,
Raul R Gainetdinov,
Evgeny A Budygin,
R Mark Wightman,
Dopamine signaling occurs on a subsecond timescale, and its dysregulation is implicated in pathologies ranging from drug addiction to Parkinson's disease. Anatomic evidence suggests that some dopamine neurons have cross-hemispheric projections, but the significance of these projections is unknown. Here we report unprecedented interhemispheric communication in the midbrain dopamine system of awa...
Unlike Lexical Projections, Functional Projections (Extended Projections) are more of an ‘abstract’ in nature. Therefore, Functional Projections seem to be acquired later than Lexical Projections by the L2 learners. The present study investigates Iranian L2 learners’ acquisition of English Extended Projections taking into account their level of grammatical proficiency. Specifically, the aim is ...
We introduce an extension of the n-ary description logic DLR to deal with attribute-labelled tuples (generalising the positional notation), with arbitrary projections of relations (inclusion dependencies), generic functional dependencies and with global and local objectification (reifying relations or their projections). We show how a simple syntactic condition on the appearance of projections ...
Panayot S. Vassilevski,
This paper is on the construction of energy minimizing coarse spaces that obey certain functional constraints and can thus be used for example to build robust coarse spaces for elliptic problems with large variations in the coefficients. In practice they are built by patching together solutions to appropriate local saddle point or eigenvalue problems. We develop an abstract framework for such c...
Processing of sensory information is substantially shaped by centrifugal, or feedback, projections from higher cortical areas, yet the functional properties of these projections are poorly characterized. Here, we used genetically-encoded calcium sensors (GCaMPs) to functionally image activation of centrifugal projections targeting the olfactory bulb (OB). The OB receives massive centrifugal inp...
:The Journal of neuroscience : the official journal of the Society for Neuroscience2014
Robert K P Sullivan,
Damian J Ianno,
The medial nucleus of the amygdala (MeA) plays a key role in innate emotional behaviors by relaying olfactory information to hypothalamic nuclei involved in reproduction and defense. However, little is known about the neuronal components of this region or their role in the olfactory-processing circuitry of the amygdala. Here, we have characterized neurons in the posteroventral division of the m...
Josef G. Steinebach,
Functional principal components (FPC’s) provide the most important and most extensively used tool for dimension reduction and inference for functional data. The selection of the number, d, of the FPC’s to be used in a specific procedure has attracted a fair amount of attention, and a number of reasonably effective approaches exist. Intuitively, they assume that the functional data can be suffic...