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نتایج جستجو برای Functionally graded material

تعداد نتایج: 284246  
2008
Emilio Carlos Nelli Silva, Matthew C. Walters, Glaucio H. Paulino,

Natural fibers are promising for engineering applications due to their low cost. They are abundantly available in tropical and subtropical regions of the world, and they can be employed as construction materials. Among natural fibers, bamboo has been widely used for housing construction around the world. Bamboo is an optimized composite material which exploits the concept of Functionally Graded...

پایان نامه :وزارت علوم، تحقیقات و فناوری - دانشگاه ارومیه - دانشکده فنی 1391

در سال های اخیر با توسعه موتورهای پرقدرت صنایع هوافضا، توربین ها و رآکتورها و دیگر ماشین ها نیاز به موادی با مقاومت حرارتی بالا و مقاوم تر از لحاظ مکانیکی احساس شده است. پیش تر در صنایع هوافضا از مواد سرامیکی خالص جهت پوشش و روکش قطعات با درجه کارکرد بالا استفاده می شد. این مواد عایق های بسیار خوبی بودند ولی مقاومت زیادی در برابر تنش های پس ماند نداشتند. تنش های پس ماند در این مواد مشکلات زیادی...

پایان نامه :وزارت علوم، تحقیقات و فناوری - دانشگاه رازی - پژوهشکده فنی و مهندسی 1388

در این پایانامه ابتدا مقدمه ای در مورد fgm ها که شامل روشهای تولید ، موارد کاربرد ومدل های ریاضی به منظور بیان خواص مکانیکی ماده مورد مطالعه قرار می گیرد و در ادامه دلیل انتخاب fgm ها برای مطالعه (موادی هستند که هدف اصلی گسترش آنها تحمل گرادیان های شدید گرمایی است. رسانایی گرمائی پایین، ضریب انبساط حرارتی پایین ونرمی هسته مواد fgm را قادر می سازد تا در مقابل گرادیان های حرارتی ناشی از شار حرارت...

2014
Joe Alexandersen, Boyan S. Lazarov, Ole Sigmund,

The work applies topology optimisation to the design of functionally graded materials (FGMs) and materialinterfaces for thermomechanical problems. It is well known, that the mismatch in stiffness and thermal expansioncoefficient of two materials give rise to high stresses at the interface. One way to alleviate this is to use the conceptof FGMs [1]. The FGMs are here designed using t...

2001
Michael R. Hill, R. Doug Carpenter, Glaucio H. Paulino, Zuhair A. Munir, Jeffery C. Gibeling, J. A. Salem, G. D. Quinn, M. G. Jenkins,

1 Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical and Aeronautical Engineering; Graduate student, Professor and Professor, respectively, Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials Science, University of California, One Shields Avenue, Davis, CA 95616. 2 Assistant Professor, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Illinois, Urbana IL 61801-2352. Abstract: This paper ...

2017
Xingchen Liu, Vadim Shapiro,

Spatial variation of material structures is a principal mechanism for creating and controlling spatially varying material properties in nature and engineering. While the spatially varying homogenized properties can be represented by scalar and vector fields on the macroscopic scale, explicit microscopic structures of constituent phases are required to facilitate the visualization, analysis, and...

2011
G. J. Nie, Z. Zhong, R. C. Batra,

0266-3538/$ see front matter 2011 Elsevier Ltd. A doi:10.1016/j.compscitech.2011.01.009 ⇑ Corresponding author. E-mail address: ngj@tongji.edu.cn (G.J. Nie). We present a technique to tailor materials for functionally graded (FG) linear elastic hollow cylinders and spheres to attain through-the-thickness either a constant hoop (or circumferential) stress or a constant in-plane shear stress. The...

1998
Z.-H. Jin,

The effects of loading conditions, specimen size and metal particle size on the crack growth resistance curve (R-curve) and residual strength of a ceramic-metal functionally graded material (FGM) are studied based on the crack-bridging concept. It is found that the FGM exhibits strong R-curve behavior when a crack grows from the ceramic-rich region toward the metal-rich region and the residual ...

2000
Todd Robert Jackson, Nicholas M. Patrikalakis,

Solid Freeform Fabrication (SFF) processes have demonstrated the ability to produce parts with locally controlled composition. To exploit this potential, methods to represent and exchange parts with varying local composition need to be proposed and evaluated. In modeling such parts efficiently, any such method should provide a concise and accurate description of all of the relevant information ...

2017
Barkha Gupta,

Functionally graded materials (FGMs) are the advanced materials with varing properties in dimensions. These are made of two or more constituent phases with continuous and smoothly varying composition in preferred directions. The properties of material depend on the spatial position in the structure of material. These materials are gaining attention for biomedical application as biomaterials owi...