نتایج جستجو برای Hypoxia inducible factors

تعداد نتایج: 773645  

Journal: :Cell 2015
Kyoung Eun Lee, M. Celeste Simon,

Molecular oxygen (O2) is a key substrate for mitochondrial ATP production and numerous intracellular biochemical reactions. The maintenance of O2 homeostasis is therefore essential for the survival of most species. During O2 deprivation, mammalian cells rely on multiple adaptations mediated by the hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs), mTOR, autophagy, and the ER stress response. This SnapShot will ...

2016
Margaux Deynoux, Nicola Sunter, Olivier Hérault, Frédéric Mazurier,

Despite huge improvements in the treatment of leukemia, the percentage of patients suffering relapse still remains significant. Relapse most often results from a small number of leukemic stem cells (LSCs) within the bone marrow, which are able to self-renew, and therefore reestablish the full tumor. The marrow microenvironment contributes considerably in supporting the protection and developmen...

Journal: :American journal of physiology. Renal physiology 2006
Volker H Haase,

Tissue hypoxia not only occurs under pathological conditions but is also an important microenvironmental factor that is critical for normal embryonic development. Hypoxia-inducible factors HIF-1 and HIF-2 are oxygen-sensitive basic helix-loop-helix transcription factors, which regulate biological processes that facilitate both oxygen delivery and cellular adaptation to oxygen deprivation. HIFs ...

Journal: :Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN 2003
Paul B Freeburg, Dale R Abrahamson,

Among the genes strongly induced by hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF) and highly expressed during kidney microvascular development is vascular endothelial growth factor, which encodes a potent endothelial mitogen and chemoattractant critical for embryonic vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. In developing kidney, glomerular podocytes are particularly rich sources of vascular endothelial growth factor...

Journal: :Cell 2012
Gregg L. Semenza,

Oxygen homeostasis represents an organizing principle for understanding metazoan evolution, development, physiology, and pathobiology. The hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are transcriptional activators that function as master regulators of oxygen homeostasis in all metazoan species. Rapid progress is being made in elucidating homeostatic roles of HIFs in many physiological systems, determining...

Journal: :Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research 2010
Xin Lu, Yibin Kang,

Hypoxia is a common condition found in a wide range of solid tumors and is often associated with poor prognosis. Hypoxia increases tumor glycolysis, angiogenesis, and other survival responses, as well as invasion and metastasis by activating relevant gene expressions through hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF). HIF-1α and HIF-2α undergo oxygen-dependent regulation, and their overexpression is frequ...

Journal: :Histology and histopathology 2014
Stefania Cannito, Claudia Paternostro, Chiara Busletta, Claudia Bocca, Sebastiano Colombatto, Antonella Miglietta, Erica Novo, Maurizio Parola,

Fibrogenic progression of chronic liver diseases (CLDs) towards the end-point of cirrhosis is currently regarded, whatever the aetiology, as a dynamic and highly integrated cellular response to chronic liver injury. Liver fibrogenesis (i.e., the process) is sustained by hepatic populations of highly proliferative, pro-fibrogenic and contractile myofibroblast-like cells (MFs) that mainly origina...

Journal: :Cell 2007
Brian Keith, M. Celeste Simon,

Regions of severe oxygen deprivation (hypoxia) arise in tumors due to rapid cell division and aberrant blood vessel formation. The hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) mediate transcriptional responses to localized hypoxia in normal tissues and in cancers and can promote tumor progression by altering cellular metabolism and stimulating angiogenesis. Recently, HIFs have been shown to activate specif...

Journal: :Blood reviews 2013
Volker H Haase,

A classic physiologic response to systemic hypoxia is the increase in red blood cell production. Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) orchestrate this response by inducing cell-type specific gene expression changes that result in increased erythropoietin (EPO) production in kidney and liver, in enhanced iron uptake and utilization and in adjustments of the bone marrow microenvironment that facilita...

2017
Chu Chen, Tao Lou,

Hepatocellular carcinoma is one of the most prevalent and lethal cancers with limited therapeutic options. Pathogenesis of this disease involves tumor hypoxia and the activation of hypoxia inducible factors. In this review, we describe the current understanding of hypoxia signaling pathway and summarize the expression, function and target genes of hypoxia inducible factors in hepatocellular car...

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