:Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine2006
David B Resnik,
Daniel B Vorhaus,
In this article we examine four objections to the genetic modification of human beings: the freedom argument, the giftedness argument, the authenticity argument, and the uniqueness argument. We then demonstrate that each of these arguments against genetic modification assumes a strong version of genetic determinism. Since these strong deterministic assumptions are false, the arguments against g...
Miroljub B. Barać,
Slađana P. Stanojević,
Snežana T. Jovanović,
Mirjana B. Pešić,
Soy protein products such as flour, concentrates and isolates are used in food formulation because of their functionality, nutritional value and low cost. To obtain their optimal nutritive and functional properties as well as desirable flavor different treatments are used. Soybean proteins can be modified by physical, chemical and enzymatic treatments. Different thermal treatments are most comm...
An important product strategy for firms in mature markets is value-adding modifications to existing products. Marketing information that reveals consumers’ preferences, buying habits, and lifestyle is critical for the identification of such product modifications. We consider two types of valueadding modifications that are often facilitated by marketing information: retention-type modifications ...
Michael R Shortreed,
Craig D Wenger,
Brian L Frey,
Leah V Schaffer,
Lloyd M Smith,
A new global post-translational modification (PTM) discovery strategy, G-PTM-D, is described. A proteomics database containing UniProt-curated PTM information is supplemented with potential new modification types and sites discovered from a first-round search of mass spectrometry data with ultrawide precursor mass tolerance. A second-round search employing the supplemented database conducted wi...
We present a general approach to exible plan modiication based on a deductive framework that enables a planner to correctly modify complex plans containing control structures like conditionals and iterations.
The p r o c e s s i n g o f sweet c o r n r e s u l t s i n t h e g e n e r a t i o n o f l a r g e q u a n t i t i e s o f l i q u i d and s o l i d waste. L iqu id wastes c o n t a i n s o l u b l e s u g a r s and s t a r c h e s and are r e s p o n s i b l e f o r ave rage wastewater l o a d i n g s o f 27 l b s of BOD (1) p e r t o n o f c o r n i n husk. Nea r ly 2.6 m i l l i o n l b s o...
Ecosystem ecologists traditionally have focused their attention on direct interactions among species, particularly those interactions that control flows of energy and materials among trophic levels. Emerging evidence suggests that indirect interactions may be more important than direct ones in determining ecosystem patterns and processes. Here I review indirect effects of ungulates on nutrient ...
Arjen P. de Vries,
We present a method that exploits ‘linked data’ to determine semantic relations between consecutive user queries. Our method maps queries onto concepts in linked data and searches the linked data graph for direct or indirect relations between the concepts. By comparing relations between large numbers of user queries, we identify semantic modification patterns. The application of this method to ...
This paper discusses the relationship between the modifying clause and the modified noun in Japanese. In some cases the closeness between them is weaker than in the prototypical case, whereas in others the modification is actually impossible. Within the framework of Matsumoto [I], who applied Frame Semantics to Japanese clausal noun modification, we analyze what conditions make the modification...