Lesya Y. Ganushchak,
Agnieszka E. Konopka,
This study investigates the extent to which prosodic cues are employed during online sentence production to distinguish three different notions of information structure (informational focus, corrective focus, and givenness) at two sentential focus locations (i.e. the subject and object positions). Participants were asked to describe pictures. The information status of the subject and object cha...
:American journal of speech-language pathology2016
Jee Eun Sung,
Soo Eun Lee,
The purpose of the study was to examine cross-linguistic differences in a picture-description task between Korean- and English-speaking individuals with Broca's and anomic aphasia to determine whether a variation exists in the use of verbs and nouns across the language and aphasia groups.
Forty-eight individuals (male = 29; female = 19) participated in the study (n = 28 for aph...
:International journal of speech-language pathology2014
The purpose of this study was to develop a picture description task for eliciting connected speech from children with motor speech disorders. The Park Play scene is a child-friendly picture description task aimed at augmenting current assessment protocols for childhood motor speech disorders. The design process included a literature review to: (1) establish optimal design features for child ass...
Helena de Medeiros Caseli,
Maria das Graças Volpe Nunes,
Mikel L. Forcada,
In this paper we describe LIHLA, a lexical aligner which uses bilingual probabilistic lexicons generated by a freely available set of tools (NATools) and languageindependent heuristics to find links between single words and multiword units in sentence-aligned parallel texts. The method has achieved an alignment error rate of 22.72% and 44.49% on English– Inuktitut and Romanian–English parallel ...
ProAlign combines several different approaches in order to produce high quality word word alignments. Like competitive linking, ProAlign uses a constrained search to find high scoring alignments. Like EM-based methods, a probability model is used to rank possible alignments. The goal of this paper is to give a bird’s eye view of the ProAlign system to encourage discussion and comparison. 1 Alig...
The English lexical sample task (adjectives and nouns) for SENSEVAL 2 was set up according to the same principles as for SENSEVAL-1, as reported in (Kilgarriff and Rosenzweig, 2000). (Adjectives and nouns only, because the data preparation for the verbs lexical sample was undertaken alongside that for the English all-words task, and is reported in Palmer et al (this volume). All discussion belo...
A formal picture description scheme to be used as the basis for picture processing systems is presented, The scheme is applicable to a large class of pictures including, but not restricted to, those containing line -like elements. The paper first presents a general linguistic model for picture processing in which the analysis and generation of pictures are defined as the derivation and executio...
Patricia da Costa Avelar,
Functional brain imaging studies have improved our knowledge of the neural localization of language functions and the functional reorganization after a lesion. However, the neural correlates of agrammatic symptoms in aphasia remain largely unknown. The present fMRI study examined the neural correlates of morpho-syntactic encoding and agrammatic errors in continuous language production by combin...
Words and pictures were studied and recognition tests given in which each studied object was to be recognized in both word and picture format. The main dependent variable was the latency of the recognition decision. The purpose was to investigate the effects of study modality (word or picture), of congruence between study and test modalities, and of priming resulting from repeated testing. Expe...
Sophia van Hees,
Prior semantic processing can enhance subsequent picture naming performance, yet the neurocognitive mechanisms underlying this effect and its longevity are unknown. This functional magnetic resonance imaging study examined whether different neurological mechanisms underlie short-term (within minutes) and long-term (within days) facilitation effects from a semantic task in healthy older adults. ...