Relative Timing is introduced as an informal method for aggressive asynchronous design. It is demonstrated on three example circuits (C-Element, FIFO, and RAPPID Tag Unit), facilitating transformations from speed-independent circuits to burst-mode, relative timed, and pulse-mode circuits. Relative timing enables improved performance, area, power and testability in all three cases.
Microsatellites (short tandem polynucleotide repeats) are found throughout eukaryotic genomes at frequencies many orders of magnitude higher than the frequencies predicted to occur by chance. Most of these microsatellites appear to have evolved in a generally neutral manner. In contrast, microsatellites are generally absent from bacterial genomes except in locations where they provide adaptive ...
We consider subdivisions of a convex bodyG in two subsets E andG \E. We obtain several inequalities comparing the relative volume: (1) with the minimum relative inradius, (2) with the maximum relative inradius, (3) with the minimum relative width, and (4) with the maximum relative width. In each case, we obtain the best upper and lower estimates for subdivisions determined by general hypersurfa...
Pablo D. Sánchez,
Pablo I. Nikel,
Two complementary forces shape microbial genomes: vertical inheritance of genes by phylogenetic descent, and acquisition of new genes related to adaptation to particular habitats and lifestyles. Quantification of the relative importance of each driving force proved difficult. We determined the contribution of each factor, and identified particular genes or biochemical/cellular processes linked ...
Objective: some previous works have shown the importance of zinc in nutrition, and even evaluated different zinc sources for food supplementation with this micronutrient. The aim of this work was to evaluate zinc gluconate stabilized with glycine (BZ) as a zinc source for food fortification by employing yogurt as the vehicle and zinc sulfate (SZ) as the standard zinc source. Materials and metho...
:Genetics and molecular research : GMR2012
M R Naroui Rad,
M Abdul Kadir,
M Y Rafii,
H Z E Jaafar,
M R Naghavi,
This study was carried out to evaluate the genetic effect of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) conferring drought tolerance in wheat. A population of 120 F(2) individuals from the cross between the drought-tolerant S-78-11 and drought-sensitive Tajan cultivars were analyzed for their segregation under drought stress conditions. The relative water content under drought stress conditions exhibi...
Egle Machado de Almeida Siqueira,
Fernanda Ribeiro Rosa,
Adriana Medeiros Fustinoni,
Lívia Pimentel de Sant'Ana,
Sandra Fernandes Arruda,
The bioactive compounds content and the antioxidant activity (AA) of twelve fruits native to the Cerrado were compared with the Red Delicious apple by means of the antiradical efficiency (using the 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazil assay/DPPH), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) and the β-carotene/linoleic system. The antiradical efficiency (AE) and the kinetic parameters (Efficient concentra...
Water can be a major component of aerosol particles, also serving as a medium for aqueous-phase reactions. In this study, a novel method is presented to calculate the aerosol liquid water content at high relative humidity based on measurements of aerosol hygroscopic growth factor, particle number size distribution and relative humidity in the Haze in China (HaChi) summer field campaign (July–Au...
Audrey C. A. Cleuren,
Vicky T. Blankevoort,
Janna A. van Diepen,
Peter J. Voshol,
Pieter H. Reitsma,
Bart J. M. van Vlijmen,
Obesity is associated with a hypercoagulable state and increased risk for thrombotic cardiovascular events.
Establish the onset and reversibility of the hypercoagulable state during the development and regression of nutritionally-induced obesity in mice, and its relation to transcriptional changes and clearance rates of coagulation factors as well as its relation to chang...
BC is the predominant source of solar absorption in atmospheric aerosol, which impacts climate. (Jacobson 2001; Rozenberg 1982). In this paper, we analyze the results of laboratory and field investigations that focused on the relative content of BC in aerosol particles. Main attention is given to the study of possibility using this parameter as an informative sign for estimating the effect of r...