نتایج جستجو برای Returns to Scale (RTS)

تعداد نتایج: 7090196  

In production theory, it is necessary to be capable of predicting the production func- tion’s long-run behaviors. Hereof, returns to scale is a helpful concept. Returns to scale describes the reaction of a production function to the proportionally scaling all its input variables. In this regard, Data envelopment analysis (DEA) provides a com- prehensive framework for returns to scale evaluation...

A. Payan, F. Hosseinzadeh Lotfi, M. Omidi, M. Rostamy-Malkhalifeh,

Determining the type of returns to scale (RTS) and identifying stability region for RTS of evaluating unit are appropriate abilities for forecasting the future the unit when its size is changed. This paper aims to introduce RTS sustainability of frontier decision making units (DMUs) in data envelopment analysis (DEA). Based on the importance of RTS in relation to decisions of managers, differen...

A. Davodabadi Farahani, R. Eslami,

This research identifies returns to scale (RTS) of efficient decision making units (DMUs) with desirable (good) and undesirable (bad) inputs and outputs by presenting a new DEA (data envelopment analysis) approach. In this study, we first introduce a new input-output oriented model to determine efficient DMUs in the presence of undesirable factors and then, returns to scale of these DMUs are es...

2003
Rajiv D. Banker, William W. Cooper, Lawrence M. Seiford, Joe Zhu,

This chapter discusses returns to scale (RTS) in data envelopment analysis (DEA). The BCC and CCR models are treated in input oriented forms while the multiplicative model is treated in output oriented form. (This distinction is not pertinent for the additive model which simultaneously maximizes outputs and minimizes inputs in the sense of a vector optimization.) Quantitative estimates in the f...

Journal: :European Journal of Operational Research 2004
Rajiv D. Banker, William W. Cooper, Lawrence M. Seiford, Robert M. Thrall, Joe Zhu,

This paper discusses returns to scale (RTS) in data envelopment analysis (DEA) for each of the presently available types of models. The BCC and CCR models are treated in input oriented forms while the multiplicative model is treated in output oriented form. (This distinction is not pertinent for the additive model which simultaneously maximizes outputs and minimizes inputs in the sense of a vec...

1998
Lawrence M. Seiford, Joe Zhu,

This paper discusses the determination of returns to scale (RTS) in data envelopment analysis (DEA). Three basic RTS methods and their modi®cations are reviewed and the equivalence between these di€erent RTS methods is presented. The e€ect of multiple optimal DEA solutions on the RTS estimation is studied. It is shown that possible alternate optimal solutions only a€ect the estimation of RTS on...

Nowadays, the assessment of environmental performance has received considerable attention by environmental strategy advocators and decision makers. In recent years, increased emission of CO2 into the air, water pollution, and global warming are universal problems all over the world. Therefore, development of firms with less CO2 emission is an important issue of attention in every area of produc...

2012
M. Rostamy-Malkhalifeh, M. Allahyar,

This article reviews the estimation of Returns To Scale (RTS) in Data envelopment analysis (DEA), presented by Golany and Yu and proposes a new method to do this estimation. we show that the new method does not have the shortcoming of the previous one. Furthermore, it is able to evaluate Returns To Scale (RTS) to the right and left of the given unit in all conditions. This method is elaborated ...

Journal: :international journal of data envelopment analysis 2013
r. eslami, a. davodabadi farahani,

this research identifies returns to scale (rts) of efficient decision making units (dmus) with desirable (good) and undesirable (bad) inputs and outputs by presenting a new dea (data envelopment analysis) approach. in this study, we first introduce a new input-output oriented model to determine efficient dmus in the presence of undesirable factors and then, returns to scale of these dmus are es...

1999
LAWRENCE M. SEIFORD,

Sensitivity of the returns to scale (RTS) classifications in data envelopment analysis is studied by means of linear programming problems. The stability region for an observation preserving its current RTS classification (constant, increasing or decreasing returns to scale) can be easily investigated by the optimal values to a set of particular DEA-type formulations. Necessary and sufficient co...

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