نتایج جستجو برای Social Capital

تعداد نتایج: 328263  
2001
Edward Miguel, Paul Gertler, David I. Levine,

This paper examines the effect of industrialization on social capital in Indonesia during 1985 to 1997 using repeated cross-sections of nationally representative surveys. We analyze a rich set of social capital measures including multiple measures of voluntary associational activity, levels of trust and informal cooperation, and family outcomes. There are three main findings. First, districts t...

2004
W. Edward Steinmueller,

This short contribution outlines several economic approaches to the issue of trust in cyberspace interactions ranging from e-commerce to interpersonal communication. The purpose is to illustrate some practical contributions that specific areas of economic analysis can make to the analysis of behaviour and to the setting of policies and rules. The focus is on instrumental or ‘purposive’ transact...

Journal: :Health & place 1999
K Lochner, I Kawachi, B P Kennedy,

The primary aims of this paper are to review the concept of social capital and related constructs and to provide a brief guide to their operationalization and measurement. We focus on four existing constructs: collective efficacy, psychological sense of community, neighborhood cohesion and community competence. Each of these constructs taps into slightly different, yet overlapping, aspects of s...

2011
Gunilla Widén,

Social capital is put forward as a suitable theoretical framework to explain knowledge sharing mechanisms in organizations. The aim of this paper is to summarize lessons learned from different contexts where the social capital dimensions have been used to explain information and knowledge sharing. The contexts studied are mainly within business organizations, virtual worlds, and higher educatio...

Journal: :Social Networks 2004
Wayne E. Baker, Robert R. Faulkner,

Economic sociologists and white-collar criminologists offer competing predictions about the outcomes of socially embedded transactions. Economic sociologists stress the protective and beneficial role of social networks. Their evidence shows that social ties improve transaction outcomes. White-collar criminologists focus on the harmful and exploitative role of social networks. Their evidence sho...

2005
Andreas Becks, Tim Reichling, Volker Wulf,

The application of information technology can have positive and negative impacts on social capital. In this paper we discuss technologies which have the potential to foster social capital by matching human actors. The matching algorithms are based on the personal data describing the actors' behavior, background, qualification, or interests. Consequently, actors who are little known or even unkn...

2010
Rafael Rob,

We study a dynamic principal-agent problem where social capital is an important part of the system of incentives. In each period the firm chooses an incentive intensity, and its employees allocate effort between individual and cooperative tasks. Cooperative tasks are within bounds more pro­ ductive than individual tasks, but employees are not monetarily rewarded for them. Rather, and consistent...

2002
Partha Dasgupta, Kenneth Arrow, Scott Barrett, Mary Douglas, Yehuda Elkana, Stanley Engerman, Diego Gambetta, Jack Goody, Dale Jorgenson, David Landes, Margaret Levi, Karl-Göran Mäler, Sheilagh Ogilvie, Elinor Ostrom, Robert Putnam, Paul Seabright, Robert Solow, Simon Szreter,

The earlier essay came about at Ismail Serageldin's behest. He felt it would be a worthwhile exercise if I were to connect the ideas developed in Dasgupta (1993) with those in Putnam (1993), to see if the concept of social capital has potency for an understanding of the kinds of institution that are most likely to protect and promote human well-being in poor countries. The earlier essay and the...

2004
R. Quentin Grafton, Stephen Knowles,

Using cross-country data from a sample of low, middle and high-income countries, the paper provides the first empirical test of the empirical relationships between national measures of social capital (civic and public), social divergence and social capacity upon various indicators of national environmental performance. The results indicate a possible link between public social capital (democrac...

2005
Luis Araujo, Raoul Minetti,

By adapting theories for the decline of mutualism developed in evolution and natural sciences, we put forward an explanation for the decline of social capital based on its obsolescence. In our economy, agents with specific knowledge are “held up” by their principals. Inside communities, agents learn about each other and thereby engage in mutual aid, preventing the hold-up. As they learn about e...

نمودار تعداد نتایج جستجو در هر سال

با کلیک روی نمودار نتایج را به سال انتشار فیلتر کنید