نتایج جستجو برای Social Capital

تعداد نتایج: 328263  
2012
Robert L. Hawkins, Katherine Maurer,

Over several decades, social capital has gained intellectual currency as a means to understand the dynamics of individual and community resources. While prevalent in other disciplines, social capital, however, has been used less often in social work to inform practice or policy development. In this paper, we argue that social capital is an efficacious construct for integrating the separate aspe...

Journal: :American journal of public health 2005
Howard I Kushner, Claire E Sterk,

Recent applications of social capital theories to population health often draw on classic sociological theories for validation of the protective features of social cohesion and social integration. Durkheim's work on suicide has been cited as evidence that modern life disrupts social cohesion and results in a greater risk of morbidity and mortality-including self-destructive behaviors and suicid...

2003
Elisabeth Davenport,

INTRODUCTION OPAL (IST-2000-28295) is an EC funded project that has recently started at Napier University. It offers an opportunity to explore links between social computing and social capital. The objective is to build and evaluate a computer application that may improve the quality of online partnerships.by allowing new candidates to acquire an extensive understanding of a range of potential ...

Journal: :IJVCSN 2014
Azza Abdel-Azim Mohamed Ahmed,

This research aimed to explore types of online social capital (bridging and bonding) that the Emiratis perceive in the context of social networking site (SNS) usage. A snow-ball sample of 230 Emiratis from two Emirates, Abu Dhabi and Dubai was used. The results showed that WhatsApp was the most frequent SNS used by the respondents. Also, a significant correlation of the intensity of social netw...

Journal: :International journal of epidemiology 2004
George Davey Smith, John Lynch,

The role of social capital in the production of health has developed over recent years into a major academic concern, and is now beginning to feed through into policy discussions concerning the determinants of population health. Social capital has, of course, had greater resonance in fields such as development economics than it has so far had in health, but the confluence of these two threads i...

2010
Matthew O. Jackson, Tomas Rodriguez-Barraquer, Xu Tan, Abhijit Banerjee, Arun Chandrasekhar,

We examine the informal exchange of favors among the members of a society. We characterize the network patterns of interaction that sustain repeated favor exchange. Networks sustainable in renegotiation-proof equilibria have certain inductive critical structures. The networks also satisfying a robustness condition, so that removing a link only results in the loss of favors in a local neighborho...

2003
John F. Helliwell, Saskia Sassen,

Maintaining Social Ties: Social Capital in a Global Information Age John F. Helliwell Abstract Recent research has documented that social and economic relations remain strikingly local, at least especially when viewed in the light of many discussions of globalization. The main evidence for this is that the density of social and economic exchanges declines far more with distance, and with the cr...

2006
Alan Kay,

Social capital is increasingly used in the field of community development and the social economy. This article describes some of the results to emerge from a three-year research project (CONSCISE Project), which looked at the contribution social capital can make to the social economy within local economic development. Following the definition of social capital, the article examines how it can b...

2010
Nicole Immorlica, Brendan Lucier, Brian Rogers,

We study the emergence of cooperation in dynamic, anonymous social networks, such as in online communities. We examine prisoner’s dilemma played under a social matching protocol, where individuals form random links to partners with whom they can interact. Cooperation results in mutual benefits, whereas defection results in a high short-term gain. Moreover, an agent that defects can escape recip...

2011
Donghee Yvette Wohn,

Part of the reason for the lack of literature addressing the antecedents of game play (rather than the outcome) was that it was perceived as being a technologically deterministic approach. Social scientists wish to believe that human behavior is something that can be cognitively. This paradigm has led most of the research on media effects, which examine socio-psychological factors that are uniq...

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