نتایج جستجو برای Transportation cost discount

تعداد نتایج: 289590  

2005
Dima Jawad,

Although there is a widespread agreement on the need to discount future costs in monetary-based evaluation techniques of long-term transportation projects, there is less agreement on the specific discount rate that should be employed in the analysis. The choice of the discount rate is ultimately a policy decision; but even when the philosophical approach is set by the policy makers and a genera...

Journal: :Computers & Industrial Engineering 2012
Ming Yin, Kap Hwan Kim,

Because transportation services provided by container lines to forwarders cannot be stored, they can be considered to be newsvendor-type products. This paper discusses a method used to optimize container lines’ freight tariffs in order to maximize their expected profit by considering changes in order quantities made by forwarders responding to the price schemes suggested by the container lines....

2017
William Hall,

As healthcare resources become increasingly scarce due to growing demand and stagnating budgets, the need for effective priority setting and resource allocation will become ever more critical to providing sustainable care to patients. While societal values should certainly play a part in guiding these processes, the methodology used to capture these values need not necessarily be limited to mul...

2014
Fu-Shiung Hsieh, Ko-Hsuan Wu,

The ability to discover equilibrium prices efficiently makes auctions an effective way to trade goods. One of the recent trends in the development of auctions is combinatorial auctions. Combinatorial auctions allow the simultaneous sale of more than one item. In the existing literature, the factor of transportation cost has not been considered in combinatorial auctions. In this paper, we formul...

2015
R. Uthayakumar,

Previous ordering cost reduction vendor–buyer inventory models with backorder price discount usually assumed that the buyer must pay to the vendor for the ordered items as soon as the items are received, the received quantity is same as the ordered quantity and the transportation cost is independent of the shipment lot-size. In practice, however, the vendor is willing to offer the buyer a certa...

1997
RAGHURAM RAJAN, Sugato Bhattacharya, Judy Chevalier, Glenn Ellison, Milton Harris, Steven Kaplan,

We model the distortions that internal power struggles can generate in the allocation of resources between divisions of a diversified firm. The model predicts that if divisions are similar in the level of their resources and opportunities, funds will be transferred from divisions with poor opportunities to divisions with good opportunities. When diversity in resources and opportunities increase...

2013
Doraid Dalalah, Wasfi A. Al-Rawabdeh, W. A. Al-Rawabdeh,

A cost driven traffic assignment model is proposed to maximise the global benefit of transportation network users. A decentralised primal-dual time synchronised approach is used to solve for the optimal traffic rates subjecting the objective function to the bounds of the network tolerable costs. For a successful operation of the transportation network, the affordable upper bounds on the costs h...

2014
Muztoba Ahmad Khan,

Optimization means using resources and existing technology at the best possible way. Better planning and its execution results in optimization of many problems. Quantitative models and mathematical tools such as linear programming allows for better result. We can use modern computing equipment for this purpose. Nowadays various problems of operational planning for transportation problems are so...

2011
Mária Ďurišová,

The function of transportation services is covering of distances and transferring goods, passengers and messages from one place to another. There is a possibility to use a simple and complex cost model or their modification to reflect transportation costs and their impact. The resulting value obtained from the usage of a complex cost model is influenced by a material expensiveness, wage expensi...

2010
Volodymyr Lugovskyy, Alexandre Skiba,

This paper examines how the quality of exports depends on relative country size and its remoteness. Specific transportation cost is the key variable in our analysis as it gives rise to the Alchian-Allen effect. In the model, we allow for endogenous quality choice by a producer serving many international locations. Higher quality comes at higher marginal cost of production, but can be delivered ...

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