نتایج جستجو برای business cycles

تعداد نتایج: 161041  

2013
Peter Skott,

This note outlines and discusses some of the strands in the post-Keynesian literature on business cycles. Most post-Keynesians have focused on endogenously generated cycles, but the mechanism varies: some focus on the goods market, others on financial markets, the labor market, or political intervention. The merits of formal modeling of the cycles have also come in for debate. 1 A slightly vers...

2009
Giovanni Dosi, Giorgio Fagiolo, Andrea Roventini,

This paper studies an agent-based model that bridges Keynesian theories of demandgeneration and Schumpeterian theories of technology-fueled economic growth. We employ the model to investigate the properties of macroeconomic dynamics and the impact of public polices on supply, demand and the “fundamentals” of the economy. We find that the complementarities between factors influencing aggregate d...

2004
Robert Lucas, Thomas F. Cooley, Edward C. Prescott,

Research on economic fluctuations has progressed rapidly since Robert Lucas revived the profession’s interest in business cycle theory. Business cycle theory is the theory of the nature and causes of economic fluctuations The new Classical paradigm tried to account for the existence of cycles in perfectly competitive economies with rational expectations. It emphasized the role of imperfect info...

2003
Mark Thornton,

The construction of skyscrapers that qualify as the “World’s Tallest Building” tends to coincide with major downturns in the economy. The Skyscraper Index, created by economist Andrew Lawrence shows a high level of correlation between skyscraper construction and the business cycle. Is this just a coincidence, or perhaps do skyscrapers cause business cycles? A theoretical foundation of “Cantillo...

2010
Georg Albrecht, Jacopo Magnani, Joseph Snyder,

The most interesting features of evolutionary games, besides the ability to select among multiple Nash equilibria, are their dynamic properties. These dynamic properties are best displayed in a stochastic setting. In the usual deterministic setting, dynamics disappear in the long run (or they are stable orbits that repeat themselves). Studying evolutionary dynamics in a stochastic setting has a...

2015
Mikhail Golosov, Guido Menzio,

We propose a new business cycle theory. Firms need to randomize over firing or keeping workers who have performed poorly in the past, in order to give them an ex-ante incentive to exert effort. Firms have an incentive to coordinate the outcome of their randomizations, as coordination allows them to load the firing probability on states of the world in which it is costlier for workers to become ...

2001
Robert E. Lucas,

I. Why is it that, in capitalist economies, aggregate variables undergo repeated fluctuations about trend, all of essentially the same character? Prior to Keynes’ General Theory, the resolution of this question was regarded as one of the main outstanding challenges to economic research, and attempts to meet this challenge were called business cycle theory. Moreover, among the interwar business ...

2010
Guillermo Ordoñez,

If the benchmark model without frictions can replicate the stylized facts of the business cycle, the cycles may be just an efficient phenomenon generated by markets in response to certain shocks, such as, for example, productivity shocks. Furthermore, if markets are complete and individuals can diversify risk, Lucas (1987) calculated the welfare cost of the aggregate fluctuations to be negligible.

1998
Aditya Goenka, David L. Kelly, Stephen E. Spear,

This paper examines an overlapping generations version of the Shapley-Shubik market game. We show existence of equilibria for the simple one commodity model and analyze the dynamics of the equilibrium trajectories generated in the model. Because of the non-linearities generated by strategic interaction of agents in the model, we find that complex and chaotic equilibrium dynamics are possible in...

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