نتایج جستجو برای decision-making task

تعداد نتایج: 580838  

2015
Noel P. Kinrade, Robin C. Jackson, Kelly J. Ashford,

The aims of this study were to investigate choking susceptibility in a perceptual judgment task and to examine the predictive validity of the Decision Specific Reinvestment Scale (DSRS). A computer-based, choice response time basketball passing task was performed under low and high pressure conditions. Complexity was manipulated by depicting 3-on-3 and 5-on-5 scenarios. Repeated-measures ANOVAs...

2014
Jan Drugowitsch, Gregory C DeAngelis, Eliana M Klier, Dora E Angelaki, Alexandre Pouget,

Humans and animals can integrate sensory evidence from various sources to make decisions in a statistically near-optimal manner, provided that the stimulus presentation time is fixed across trials. Little is known about whether optimality is preserved when subjects can choose when to make a decision (reaction-time task), nor when sensory inputs have time-varying reliability. Using a reaction-ti...

2011
Daniel B. M. Haun, Christian Nawroth, Josep Call,

We investigate decision-making behaviour in all four non-human great ape species. Apes chose between a safe and a risky option across trials of varying expected values. All species chose the safe option more often with decreasing probability of success. While all species were risk-seeking, orangutans and chimpanzees chose the risky option more often than gorillas and bonobos. Hence all four spe...

Journal: :Psychiatria polska 2012
Marcin Jaracz, Alina Borkowska,

Iowa Gambling Task is one of the most commonly used tools in the neuropsychological assessment of the decision making process. It was designed to assess decision making in patients with damage to their prefrontal cortex. Up to date, it has been used in studies of healthy subjects and numerous clinical populations. The aim of this paper is to enclose construction and administration of the test a...

2014

There are several errors in the references within the Materials and Methods, Results, and Discussion sections of the manuscript. The corrected sentences that include updated references are below. Materials and Methods: In the first paragraph after Equation 1, the sentence should read: ‘‘The reward received after taking action a in state s is described by a state-action pair value Q(s,a), which ...

Journal: :Child development 2009
Stephanie M Carlson, Vivian Zayas, Amy Guthormsen,

Individual differences in affective decision making were examined by recording event-related potentials (ERPs) while 74 typically developing 8-year-olds (38 boys, 36 girls) completed a 4-choice gambling task (Hungry Donkey Task; E. A. Crone & M. W. van der Molen, 2004). ERP results indicated: (a) a robust P300 component in response to feedback (punishment vs. reward outcomes), (b) anticipation ...

Journal: :Neuroreport 2008
Gijsbert Stoet, Hannes Ruge, Lawrence H Snyder,

Previous single-unit recordings in monkeys showed that essential information regarding a decision is available earlier to posterior parietal cortex than expected based on simultaneously measured behavioral response times (RTs). We propose that this observation reflects a tendency of the brain to reduce RT variability in repetitive response sequences. To test this, we studied the effects of expe...

Journal: :Psicothema 2009
Carmen Tabernero, Robert E Wood,

Individuals bring knowledge, implicit theories, and goal orientations to group meetings. Group decisions arise out of the exchange of these orientations. This research explores how a trainee's exploratory and deliberate process (an incremental theory and learning goal orientation) impacts the effectiveness of individual and group decision-making processes. The effectiveness of this training pro...

Journal: :Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2009
Shih-Wei Wu, Mauricio R Delgado, Laurence T Maloney,

There is considerable evidence that human economic decision-making deviates from the predictions of expected utility theory (EUT) and that human performance conforms to EUT in many perceptual and motor decision tasks. It is possible that these results reflect a real difference in decision-making in the 2 domains but it is also possible that the observed discrepancy simply reflects typical diffe...

2013
Marion Rivalan, Vincent Valton, Peggy Seriès, Alain R. Marchand, Françoise Dellu-Hagedorn,

Although poor decision-making is a hallmark of psychiatric conditions such as attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder, pathological gambling or substance abuse, a fraction of healthy individuals exhibit similar poor decision-making performances in everyday life and specific laboratory tasks such as the Iowa Gambling Task. These particular individuals may provide information on risk factors or ...

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