S T Tran,
J D Bailly,
Partially purified fumonisin B1 (FB1) was orally administrated for 77 d to 5 groups of 8 mule ducks starting at 7 d of age; the concentrations corresponded to 5 diets containing 0, 2, 8, 32, and 128 mg of FB1/kg of feed. No mortality was observed, and no effects on feed consumption and body weight gain were observed at the end of the treatment period. But, surprisingly, FB1 ingested at 32 and 1...
J R Ciacci-Zanella,
Fumonisins are mycotoxins produced by Fusarium moniliforme, a prevalent fungus that infects corn and other cereal grains. Fumonisin B1(FB1 is the most common mycotoxin produced by F. moniliforme, suggesting it has toxicologic significance. The structure of FB1 resembles sphingoid bases, and it inhibits ceramide synthase. Because sphingoid bases regulate cell growth, differentiation, transformat...
Fumonisin B1 (FB1), a programmed cell death-eliciting toxin produced by the necrotrophic fungal plant pathogen Fusarium moniliforme, was used to simulate pathogen infection in Arabidopsis. Plants infiltrated with 10 microM FB1 and seedlings transferred to agar media containing 1 microM FB1 develop lesions reminiscent of the hypersensitive response, including generation of reactive oxygen interm...
Maja Segvić Klarić,
The toxicity of Ustilago maydis and the possible synergism with fumonisin B1 (FB1) were studied in Fischer rats by evaluating pathological changes and biochemical parameters in blood serum (LDH, ALT, GGT, ChE) and tissue homogenate of brain and liver (AChE, ChE, GGT, ALP). One experimental group (US) consumed diet with 70% of U. maydis galls and the other group (US+FB1) was fed pellets containi...
Fumonisin B1 (FB1) is a mycotoxin produced by the fungus Fusarium verticillioides, which commonly infects corn and other agricultural products. Fusarium species can also be found in moisture-damaged buildings, and therefore there may also be human exposure to Fusarium mycotoxins, including FB1. FB1 is known to affect the metabolism of sphingolipids by inhibiting the enzyme ceramide synthase. It...
The absolute stereochemical description of fumonisin B1 (FB1) and presumably of its congeners is now secure. In this article I summarize studies leading to this conclusion and outline the biosynthetic and synthetic studies of FB1.
Charlotte R. Bradley,
Annalisa De Girolamo,
J. David Miller,
Maria C. DeRosa,
Fumonisins are mycotoxins produced by Fusarium verticillioides and F. proliferatum, fungi that are ubiquitous in corn (maize). Insect damage and some other environmental conditions result in the accumulation of fumonisins in corn-based products worldwide. Current methods of fumonisin detection rely on the use of immunoaffinity columns and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The use o...
:Food and chemical toxicology : an international journal published for the British Industrial Biological Research Association2006
C W Theodorakis,
R J Kendall,
Aflatoxin B(1) (AFB(1)) and fumonisin B(1) (FB(1)) are important food-borne mycotoxins. The co-contamination of food stuffs with these two mycotoxins is well known and has been possibly implicated in the development of human hepatocellular carcinoma in high risk regions around the world. In this study the acute and combinative toxicity of AFB(1) and FB(1) were tested in F-344 rats, mosquitofish...
Eliana N. C. Tessari,
Ana Lúcia S. P. Cardoso,
David R. Ledoux,
George E. Rottinghaus,
Carlos A. F. Oliveira,
The individual and combined effects of dietary aflatoxin B(1 )(AFB(1)) and fumonisin B(1) (FB(1)) on liver pathology, serum levels of aspartate amino-transferase (AST) and plasma total protein (TP) of broilers were evaluated from 8 to 41 days of age. Dietary treatments included a 3 × 3 factorial arrangement with three levels of AFB(1 )(0, 50 and 200 μg AFB(1)/kg), and three levels of FB(1 )(0, ...