نتایج جستجو برای high-stake tests

تعداد نتایج: 1557228  

2008
Pablo Brañas-Garza, Teresa García-Muñoz, Shoshana Neuman,

The Big Carrot: High Stake Incentives Revisited This paper provides an empirical demonstration of high stakes incentives in relation to religious practice. It shows that, when both positive (carrot) and negative (stick) incentives are available, the former are more effective than the latter. Specifically, it is shown that beliefs in heaven are much more relevant than beliefs in hell when estima...

2018
Boaz Shulruf, Arvin Damodaran, Phil Jones, Sean Kennedy, George Mangos, Anthony J O'Sullivan, Joel Rhee, Silas Taylor, Gary Velan, Peter Harris,

BACKGROUND Most assessments in health professions education consist of knowledge-based examinations as well as practical and clinical examinations. Among the most challenging aspects of clinical assessments is decision making related to borderline grades assigned by examiners. Borderline grades are commonly used by examiners when they do not have sufficient information to make clear pass/fail d...

Journal: :CoRR 2016
Alexander Chepurnoy,

The paper examines decentralized cryptocurrency protocols that are based on the use of internal tokens as identity tools. An analysis of security problems with popular Proof-of-stake consensus protocols is provided. A new protocol, Interactive Proof-of-Stake, is proposed. The main ideas of the protocol are to reduce a number of variables a miner can iterate over to a minimum and also to bring a...

2015
Tae-Il Kim,

*Correspondence: Tae-Il Kim (Editor-in-Chief) Department of Periodontology, Seoul National University School of Dentistry, 101 Daehak-ro, Jongno-gu, Seoul 110-749, Korea E-mail: periopf@snu.ac.kr Tel: +82-2-2072-2642 Fax: +82-2-744-1349 We are living in the era of genetic engineering and looking forward to its eventual clinical application to life-threatening human diseases. In this context, we...

2015
Andrew Poelstra,

In 2009, Satoshi Nakamoto introduced the Bitcoin cryptocurrency[Nak09], an online currency system which allowed peer-to-peer transfer of digital tokens. To ensure a consistent view of token ownership, Nakamoto used a public ledger which can be replicated and validated by all network participants. To avoid a single point of failure, this ledger is authenticated using a dynamic membership multipa...

2002
Robert A. Gehring, ROBERT A. GEHRING,

This paper 1 presents the thesis that insecurity of software is due to interaction of technological and legal shortcomings, fostered by economic rationality. Ineffective liability laws further the distribution of unreliable and insecure software. Copyright protection for software hinders the quality improvement. Patent protection encourages the use of proprietary instead of standard technology....

Journal: :CoRR 2014
Stephen L. Reed,

A hard­fork reconfiguration of the peer to peer Bitcoin network is described that substitutes tamper­evident logs and proof­of­stake consensus for proof­of­work consensus. The block creation rewards and transaction fees are reallocated to establish and staff a secure financial data network capable of handling the world's transactions with subsecond response time. The new system pays dividends t...

2001
Robert A. Gehring,

Short abstract This paper in short1 presents the thesis that insecurity of software is due to interaction of technological and legal shortcomings, fostered by economic rationality. Ineffective liability laws further the distribution of unreliable and insecure software. Copyright protection for software hinders the quality improvement. Patent protection encourages the use of proprietary instead ...

2013
Mary Thompson,

As the number of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR) procedures continues to grow, particularly in the US, so does the number and variety of devices designed to treat this complicated but potentially deadly condition. The momentum in this market at the moment is keenest for technologies that can safely expand the treatable patient pool to include patients with more complicated ...

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