نتایج جستجو برای language acquisition

تعداد نتایج: 515964  

2011
Jeffrey Lidz,

knowledge of marble bag composition has been triggered by many individual examples of marble bags. More interestingly, this learner was able to have certain expectations about a marble bag containing a novel marble color by learning from bags containing only black or white marbles. Translating this to a linguistic example, suppose the marble bags are individual sentences. Some sentences contain...

Journal: :CoRR 1996
Carl de Marcken,

Children are exposed to speech and other environmental evidence, from which they learn language. How do they do this? More specifically, how do children map from complex, physical signals to grammars that enable them to generate and interpret new utterances from their language? This thesis presents a computational theory of unsupervised language acquisition. By computational we mean that the th...

2015
Constantine Lignos, Charles Yang,

Morphology is language specific and must be acquired on the basis of particular linguistic data. This chapter addresses three central issues for the understanding of morphological acquisition: the distributional properties of morphology, the mechanisms of learning from data, and the developmental patterns and trajectories in child language. First, corpus studies of child directed language revea...

2010
Nuria Sebastian-Galles,

Bilingualism is a fascinating area of study with the potential to contribute much to the understanding of language learning, production, comprehension and processing. Nuria Sebastian-Galles’ paper [this issue] provides some interesting evidence on the early speech perception of bilingual language acquisition. I first make some comments on the data she presents before moving on to a somewhat bro...

2007
Jacques Mehler, Judit Gervain, Ansgar Endress, Mohinish Shukla,

Mechanisms of language acquisition have mostly been studied in isolation. Here, we review behavioral and imaging evidence concerning the role and the operation of three such mechanisms: statistical learning, rule extraction and perceptual primitives. Statistical learning is a general learning mechanism, found in animals, adults and infants, that tracks the distributional and statistical informa...

Intake  is  a  concept  that  has  long  fascinated  second  language  researchers  as  it  provides  a window  onto  the  crucial  intermediary  stage  between  input  and  acquisition.  A  better understanding of this intermediary  stage can  help us to distinguish between input that  is used for immediate (e.g. communicative) purposes only and input that is drawn on for learning. This articl...

2008
F. C. Donders,

Speaking a second language (L2) means having acquired a new inventory of phonemes (speech sounds), new words, and new inflectional and syntactic rules. Because this new knowledge must be stored somewhere in the brain, it does not require neuroimaging experiments to conclude that a bilingual speaker’s brain must be in some way different from that of a monolingual speaker. The question is rather:...

2009
Clifton Pye,

Chomsky (1965; 1986) has long stressed the significance of the fact that children can acquire any human language. This linguistic phenomenon is a central motivation in the search for language universals. The claims of generative grammar underline the importance of documenting the full range of language diversity while typologically distinct languages still exist. Such documentation is necessary...

2018
Terence C. Ahern,

Authentic experiences encourage the student to cognitively engage the content by actively trying to make sense and to integrate the experience. This chapter describes a range of currently available and emerging mediated communication technologies for supporting both didactic and constructivist approaches to language acquisition. Even though CMC has several unique characteristics that make it su...

Journal: :CoRR 2012
Megan Belzner, Sean Colin-Ellerin, Jorge H. Roman,

This project explores the nature of language acquisition in computers, guided by techniques similar to those used in children. While existing natural language processing methods are limited in scope and understanding, our system aims to gain an understanding of language from first principles and hence minimal initial input. The first portion of our system was implemented in Java and is focused ...

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