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نتایج جستجو برای social status

تعداد نتایج: 547725  
2010
Tak Wing Chan, John Goldthorpe,

To understand social status, we need to start with Max Weber’s (1968) distinction between class and status. In my work with John Goldthorpe, we argue that the Weberian distinction is not only conceptually cogent, but also empirically useful. Class and status do have differing explanatory power in different areas of social life. Following Weber (1968), we understand the status order as a set of ...

2005

Social status is a social reward that affects the incentive structure facing individuals. If status is provided to educated people, more people will obtain an education. The choice of occupation is affected by the social status associated with different occupations, establishing a link between social status, the equilibrium wage structure and the allocation of workers among occupations. When st...

2015
NICOLE IMMORLICA, RACHEL KRANTON, MIHAI MANEA, GREG STODDARD,

We study social comparisons and status seeking in an interconnected society. Individuals take costly actions that have direct benefits and also confer social status. A new measure of interconnectedness—cohesion—captures the intensity of incentives for seeking status. Equilibria stratify players into social classes, with each class’s action pinned down by cohesion. A network decomposition algori...

Journal: :Current opinion in neurobiology 2014
Russell D Fernald,

Dominance hierarchies are ubiquitous in social species and serve to organize social systems. Social and sexual status is communicated directly among animals via sensory systems evolved in the particular species. Such signals may be chemical, visual, auditory, postural or a combination of signals. In most species, status is initially established through physical conflict between individuals that...

Journal: :Medical History. Supplement 1983

The standard opinion concerning the apothecary's status is embodied in the statement by Hamilton that in 1660, ".. . a physician was a gentleman, while apothecaries and surgeons were mere craftsmen", with its further elaboration: that "At that time [ 1617] they [the apothecaries] were compounders and dispensers of medicine, and the stigma of 'tradesmen' clung to them long after the sale of drug...

2012

ONCE upon a time the overstressed executive bellowing orders into a telephone, cancelling meetings, staying late at the office and dying of a heart attack was a stereotype of modernity. That was before the Whitehall studies, a series of investigations of British civil servants begun in the 1960s. These studies found that the truth is precisely the opposite. Those at the top of the pecking order...

Journal: :Biology letters 2012
Mario Dalmaso, Giulia Pavan, Luigi Castelli, Giovanni Galfano,

Humans tend to shift attention in response to the averted gaze of a face they are fixating, a phenomenon known as gaze cuing. In the present paper, we aimed to address whether the social status of the cuing face modulates this phenomenon. Participants were asked to look at the faces of 16 individuals and read fictive curriculum vitae associated with each of them that could describe the person a...

Journal: :Current Biology 2006
Stephen V. Shepherd, Robert O. Deaner, Michael L. Platt,

Humans rapidly shift attention in the direction other individuals are looking, following gaze in a manner suggestive of an obligatory social reflex [1–4]. Monkeys’ attention also follows gaze, and the similar magnitude and time-course of gazefollowing in rhesus macaques and humans [5] is indicative of shared neural mechanisms. Here we show that low-status male rhesus macaques reflexively follow...

2012
Nicole Immorlica, Rachel Kranton, Greg Stoddard,

In this paper, we consider a network of agents producing a positional good; an agent’s utility for the good is a function of both his intrinsic value for the good and his status, or production level relative to the production levels of his neighbors. We demonstrate that the set of Nash equilibria of our game form a complete lattice, and that natural best-reply dynamics from certain initial conf...

Journal: :Endocrinology 2012
Catherine A Marler,

Is endocrinology at a pivotal point for integrating the effects of the social environment on plasticity in physiology and behavior through changes in gene expression? Sex steroids have a canalizing effect during early sexual differentiation, emphasizing the organizational and longlasting effects of steroid hormones. What about hormonal effects on transcriptional regulation during adulthood? Usi...