نتایج جستجو برای topic familiarity

تعداد نتایج: 143888  

Journal: :Cognitive psychology 2014
Robert M Nosofsky, Rui Cao, Gregory E Cox, Richard M Shiffrin,

A fundamental distinction in tasks of memory search is whether items receive varied mappings (targets and distractors switch roles across trials) or consistent mappings (targets and distractors never switch roles). The type of mapping often produces markedly different performance patterns, but formal memory-based models that account quantitatively for detailed aspects of the results have not ye...

Journal: :Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition 1993
J Metcalfe, B L Schwartz, S G Joaquim,

Four experiments contrasted the cue-familiarity hypothesis of feeling-of-knowing judgments (FKJs) and tip-of-the-tongue feelings (TOTs) to the target-retrievability hypothesis. Familiarity of the cues was contrasted to memorability of the targets in a paired-associate design (e.g., A-B A-B, A-B A-B', A-B A-D, A-B C-D), in which the number of repetitions of the cue A terms was dissociated from t...

2008
E. Karahan, O. O. Okur, O. Alkan, T. Yildirim, C. Ozturk,

Introduction People give different neural responses to familiar and unfamiliar stimuli in their environment. Distinct brain regions related to recognition of familiar and unfamiliar faces, sounds or scenes have been widely demonstrated in the fMRI studies [1-3]. We aim to explore how previous job related experience about a specific stimulus type affects the extend and location of fMRI response ...

2014
Larry Jacoby, Fergus I.M. Craik, Nathan S. Rose, Fergus Craik,

2 We have both been profoundly influenced by the teaching, writing and ideas of Larry Jacoby, and so welcome this opportunity to record our gratitude to him, both for his theories and for his friendship and inspiration over the years. The present authors are contemplating Jacoby's work from different career vantage points; one (Rose) just setting out and the other (Craik) nearing the end of his...

Journal: :Memory & cognition 2012
Jason D Ozubko, Nigel Gopie, Colin M MacLeod,

In three experiments, we investigated the roles of recollection and familiarity in the production effect--the finding that words read aloud are remembered better than words read silently. Experiment 1, using the remember/know procedure, and Experiment 2, using the receiver operating characteristic procedure, converged in demonstrating that production enhanced both recollection and familiarity. ...

Journal: :Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition 2003
Michael F Verde, Caren M Rotello,

The revelation effect describes the increased tendency to call items "old" when a recognition judgment is preceded by an incidental task. Past findings show that d' for recognition decreases following revelation, evidence that the revelation effect is due to familiarity change. However, data from receiver operating characteristic curves from 3 experiments produced no evidence of changes in reco...

Journal: :Consciousness and cognition 1996
Yonelinas, Jacoby,

Recollection is sometimes automatic in that details of a prior encounter with an item come to mind although those details are irrelevant to a current task. For example, when asked about the size of the type in which an item was earlier presented, one might automatically recollect the location in which it was presented. We used the process dissociation procedure to show that such noncriterial re...

Journal: :Neural computation 2010
Jesús M. Cortés, Andrea Greve, Adam B. Barrett, Mark C. W. van Rossum,

When presented with an item or a face, one might have a sense of recognition without the ability to recall when or where the stimulus has been encountered before. This sense of recognition is called familiarity memory. Following previous computational studies of familiarity memory, we investigate the dynamical properties of familiarity discrimination and contrast two different familiarity discr...

2017
Anna Jafarpour, Hugo Spiers,

When humans draw maps, or make judgments about travel-time, their responses are rarely accurate and are often systematically distorted. Distortion effects on estimating time to arrival and the scale of sketch-maps reveal the nature of mental representation of time and space. Inspired by data from rodent entorhinal grid cells, we predicted that familiarity to an environment would distort represe...

Journal: :فصلنامه تخصصی جنگ ایران و عراق 0

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