نتایج جستجو برای topic familiarity

تعداد نتایج: 143888  

Journal: :Memory & cognition 2004
Ian G Dobbins, Neal E A Kroll, Andrew P Yonelinas,

Recollection-based recognition memory judgments benefit greatly from effortful elaborative encoding, whereas familiarity-based judgments are much less sensitive to such manipulations. In this study, we have examined whether rote rehearsal under divided attention might produce the opposite dissociation, benefiting familiarity more than recollection. Subjects rehearsed word pairs during the "dist...

Journal: :Neuropsychologia 2010
Jaclyn Hennessey Ford, Mieke Verfaellie, Kelly S Giovanello,

The current study compared the neural correlates of associative retrieval of compound (unitized) stimuli and unrelated (non-unitized) stimuli. Although associative recognition was nearly identical for compounds and unrelated pairs, accurate recognition of these different pair types was associated with activation in distinct regions within the medial temporal lobe (MTL). Recognition of previousl...

1986
Udo Hahn, Ulrich Reimer,

An overview of TOPIC is provided, a knowledge-based text information system for the analysis of Germanlanguage texts. TOPIC supplies text condensates (summaries) on variable degrees of generality and makes available facts acquired from the texts. The presentation focuses on the major methodological principles underlying the design of TOPIC: a frame representation model that incorporates various...

2008
Charles Elkan,

Here, K is the number of components in the mixture model. For each k, f(x; θk) is the pdf of component number k. The scalar αk is the proportion of component number k. The specific topic model we consider is called latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA). (The same abbreviation is also used for linear discriminant analysis, which is unrelated.) LDA is based on the intuition that each document contain...

2014
Chao-Hung Kuo, Chien-Yu Lu, Hsiang-Yao Shih, Chung- Jung Liu, Meng-Chieh Wu, Huang-Ming Hu, Wen-Hung Hsu, Fang-Jung Yu, Deng-Chyang Wu,

The known factors that have contributed to the decline of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori ) eradication rate include antibiotic resistance, poor compliance, high gastric acidity, high bacterial load, and cytochrome P450 2C19 (CYP2C19) polymorphism. Proton pump inhibitor (PPI) is important in the eradication regimen. The principal enzyme implicated in the metabolism of PPIs is CYP2C19. The effect...

2011
Michael I. Norton, Jeana H. Frost, Dan Ariely,

Reis, Maniaci, Caprariello, Eastwick, and Finkel (2011) conducted 2 studies that demonstrate that in certain cases, familiarity can lead to liking—in seeming contrast to the results of our earlier article (Norton, Frost, & Ariely, 2007). We believe that Reis et al. (a) utilized paradigms far removed from spontaneous, everyday social interactions that were particularly likely to demonstrate a po...

2009
W. Sluckin,

What is aesthetically pleasing and why? The answers to this question have immense practical implications for people such as advertisers, educators and broadcasters, as well as great theoretical importance for researchers in the social sciences. The question can be approached from a variety of different viewpoints; the sociologist, for example, might concentrate upon the role of social class or ...

2016
Hao Zhang, Chunyan Miao, Di Wang,

Rehabilitation exergames aim to help the elderly recover from their deteriorated capabilities due to aging. Research suggests that exergames may effectively engage the elderly in physical activities. However, new technologies and devices normally used to develop the exergames may be over complex and difficult for the elderly to use, mainly because the hardware and software components involved i...

Journal: :Cognitive science 2017
Laura M. Hiatt, J. Gregory Trafton,

We present a novel way of accounting for similarity judgments. Our approach posits that similarity stems from three main sources-familiarity, priming, and inherent perceptual likeness. Here, we explore each of these constructs and demonstrate their individual and combined effectiveness in explaining similarity judgments. Using these three measures, our account of similarity explains ratings of ...

Journal: :Developmental science 2013
Nicole Altvater-Mackensen, Nivedita Mani,

At about 7 months of age, infants listen longer to sentences containing familiar words - but not deviant pronunciations of familiar words (Jusczyk & Aslin, 1995). This finding suggests that infants are able to segment familiar words from fluent speech and that they store words in sufficient phonological detail to recognize deviations from a familiar word. This finding does not examine whether i...

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