Turkey is an emerging economy in almost all sectors, and especially in pharmaceuticals. Turkey has had clinical trial legislation for a long time. There are also clinical trial regulations and guidelines. Turkey has taken major steps towards harmonizing its legislation with the European Union in the fi eld of clinical research and currently Turkish regulations are totally in line with EC Direct...
Turkey lies at the interface between distinctive archeological and biotic provinces.7 For example, the Middle Pleistocene sequences of the Levant and the Caucasus include many Acheulean assemblages, whereas Acheulean handaxes and biface technology are seldom found in the contemprary Lower Paleolithic assemblages of the Balkans. Likewise, areas surrounding Turkey, including the Levant, the Zagro...
Nutritional rickets (NR) remains the most common form of developmental bone disease, in spite of the efforts of clinicians and health care providers to reduce the incidence of the disease in Turkey. Today, it is well known that the etiology of NR exists along a spectrum ranging from isolated vitamin D deficiency to isolated calcium deficiency. In Turkey, almost all NR results from vita-min D de...
Zeynep Ayfer Aytemur,
Çağla Uyanusta Küçük,
This report was prepared by WHO within the framework of the Bloomberg Global Tobacco Control Initiative in collaboration with the Ministry of Health and the Tobacco and Alcohol Market Regulatory Authority in Turkey. It outlines the current state of tobacco-smoking in Turkey, including the health and social aspects, epidemiological data and economic, legal and political issues. Turkey, until rec...
Professional paper According to a recent Gartner report, Turkey is now to be considered in one of the world’s outsourcing destinations since it has secured its place in the list of top 30 countries for Information Technology (IT), and offshore services. In the last decade, the country has made excellent progress in the software sector, and this is reflected in the rise of its exports to many co...
This paper documents “sharp retirement”—retirement accompanied by a discontinuous decline in labor supply—across three data sets, which previous literature found difficult to explain. I propose and estimate a life-cycle labor supply model with habit persistence wherein sharp retirement can be explained by workers quitting “cold turkey.” In much the same way that one might quit smoking, workers ...
:Nephrology, dialysis, transplantation : official publication of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association2000
As elsewhere, organ transplantation commenced in Turkey in 1975, from live renal donors. This was followed by heart, heart–lung, liver, pancreas, cornea, and bone marrow transplantation. Twenty-one transplantation centres nationwide are intensively working in this field. Fifteen out of 21 centres are located in three major cities; Istanbul, Ankara, and Izmir; whereas there is at least one centr...