A primary disease or coexisting with multiple sclerosis?
HTLV-I-associated myelopathy (HAM/TSP) is the most common neurological manifestation of HTLV-I, causing progressive weakness, sensory disturbance, and sphincter dysfunction. Although motor disorders have been well described, few studies have associated cognitive disorders and HTLV-I infection. In areas endemic for HTLV-I infection, the differential diagnosis between HAM/TSP and other myelopathy etiologies can be difficult, particularly if the patient has signs and symptoms of brain involvement, since seropositive HTLV-I patients can present other neurological diseases. Here, we report one case initially diagnosed as Multiple Sclerosis (MS) which, upon further investigation, was found to be HTLV-I seropositive.
Determining the effect of sun exposure and physical activity on the incidence of primary progressive multiple sclerosis
Background: The onset of primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) can be triggered by sun exposure and physical activity. The present study aimed to determine the risk of sun exposure and physical activity in PPMS development. Methods: The case-control study recruited PPMS cases and healthy controls from the general population from September 2019 to September 2020 in Tehran, Iran. The sel...متن کامل
Primary and chronic headaches are one of the most common problems in patients with multiple sclerosis, seen in more than half of them. Despite the fact that pain is not the main symptoms of MS, many of the patients suffer from various types of pain, including a headache. Headache is one of the MS-related pain syndromes. The study is based on the consideration of the prevalence of primary headac...متن کامل
As one of the most common neurological disabilities in young adults, Multiple sclerosis (MS) has characteristics of inflammation, demyelination, neuro-axonal damage, and progressive prolonged disability. The disease is clinically divided into three general categories according to response to treatment: Relapsing-Remitting MS (RRMS), Primary Progressive MS (PPMS) and Secondary Progressive MS (SP...متن کامل
Ramadan fasting predispose multiple sclerosis (MS) patients to a great challenge. Clinicians should have practical knowledge about the effects of fasting on MS. A mini-symposium was held in 2013 to answer the common questions about fasting in MS patients. In current review we present a summary of the mentioned mini-symposium.Generally, fasting is possible for most stable MS patients. Thorough m...متن کامل
Brain metabolites Associated with Common Clinical Symptoms of multiple sclerosis patients Using MagneticResonance Imaging
Introduction: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an auto-immune disease that involves central nervous system (CNS). Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (MRS) is an analytical non- invasive method for obtaining the pathologic data of disease and it brings biochemical information about studied tissue which can be helped in studying the reasons and development process of disease and it increa...متن کامل
The relationship of psychological factors, demographic features and disease characteristics with self-management of multiple sclerosis patients
Introduction: Self-management is an important act of controlling the adverse outcomes in multiple sclerosis as a chronic and debilitating disease. This study was aimed to consider the relationship of psychological factors, demographic features and disease characteristics with self-management behaviors and predicting it among patients with multiple sclerosis. Methods: In the correlational stu...متن کامل