Evaluation of Saffron Ecotypes for Stigma Yield and Yield Components Using Different Maternal Corm Weights
Several saffron ecotypes (Mashhad, Torbat-Jam, Torbat-Haydarieh, Gonabad, Birjand, Ghaen) were evaluated in Urmia for stigma yield and yield components using different maternal corm weights(6, 8, 10, 12 g) in 2013 cropping year. The experiment was arranged as factorial based on randomized complete block design. Analysis of variance showed that there were significant differences among saffron ecotypes and maternal corm weights with respect to all studied agronomical traits. However, there was no interaction between ecotypes and corm weights for the majority of these characters. Torbat-Haydarieh and Mashhad ecotypes, and Gonabad and Ghaen ecotypes had the highest and lowest saffron yield in the Urmia condition, respectively. The yield and yield components of saffron improved when the greater maternal corm weight was used. There were positive relationships between saffron yield and all its components. Based on the stepwise regression analysis, dried stigma weight, stigma length, fresh flower weight, dry leaf weight and leaf length were the main components of saffron yield. We can conclude that maternal corm weight has a very important role in saffron performance. Furthermore, in order to establish a new saffron cultivation, it seems essential to take into account the climate condition of areas from which the corms were selected.
effect of seed priming and irrigation regimes on yield,yield components and quality of safflowers cultivars
این مطالعه در سال 1386-87 در آزمایشگاه و مزرعه پژوهشی دانشگاه صنعتی اصفهان به منظور تعیین مناسب ترین تیمار بذری و ارزیابی اثر پرایمینگ بر روی سه رقم گلرنگ تحت سه رژیم آبیاری انجام گرفت. برخی از مطالعات اثرات سودمند پرایمینگ بذر را بر روی گیاهان مختلف بررسی کرده اند اما در حال حاضر اطلاعات کمی در مورد خصوصیات مربوط به جوانه زنی، مراحل نموی، عملکرد و خصوصیات کمی و کیفی بذور تیمار شده ژنوتیپ های م...
Cumin (Cuminum cyminum L.) is one of the most important herbs and medicinal plants that allocate main part of medicinal plant export in Iran. This investigation was conducted to study the effects of drought stress on important agronomic traits of different cumin ecotypes from the major cumin cultivation of the country. Forty-nine ecotypes from different regions of Iran were planted in a simple ...متن کامل
This study was conducted to determine whether selecting an optimum sowing date couldimprove yield. The experiment consisted of sowing a film-covered, drip-irrigated cotton field onfour sowing dates from April to May in 2011-2012 at the Agrometeorological ExperimentalStation of Wulanwusu, which was in an arid region of north-western China. Late sowing datesproduced less yield and water-use effic...متن کامل
Saffron Flower and Stigma Yield Changes in Response to Application of Different Levels of super Absorbent Polymer
Saffron production will be increased in arid regions by providing sufficient water through appropriate agronomic strategies. Therefore, in this investigation the impact of different rates of super absorbent polymer (SAP) including 0,10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 kg ha-1 was studied on saffron flowering traits during two growth cycles. Results showed that the influence of experimental factor was signifi...متن کامل
Effect of Different Moisture Regimes and Super-Adsorbent Zeolite on Yield and Yield Components of linseed
In order to study the effect of natural zeolite superabsorbent on yield and yield components of linseed under different moisture regimes, a split plot experiment was conducted in a randomized complete block design with 3 replications at Research Farm of Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, Iran in 2017. The main factor in four moisture regimes included irrigation after 50 (control), 80, 130 and 1...متن کامل
Given the importance of potato in the economy and people’s nutrition, as well as planting of disease-free seeds, it seems necessary to produce healthy seeds through tissue culture. This study was conducted during 2012-2013 at the Research Center of Agricultural University of Tajikistan aiming to evaluate the effect of different sizes of mini-tuber on yield and yield components of potato crop. A...متن کامل
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دوره 6 شماره 1
صفحات 53- 64
تاریخ انتشار 2022-06-22
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