Flood hazard zoning using geographic information system (GIS) and HEC-RAS model (Case study: Rasht City)

نویسندگان

  • A. Asghari Payam Noor University of Shahryar
  • E. Taghvaye Salimi University of Guilan
چکیده

Rivers are important water resources for human life, but sometimes cause irreparable damages. The flood plains are fertile terrains which are endangered by flood. Flood hazard mapping is one of the basic methods in flood fighting. In order to decline flood damages, the simulation of the hydraulic behavior of the rivers during flood occurrence is very important. In this study, areas that are flooded were zoned along Siahrood and Goharrood rivers (Rasht City, northern Iran). The rivers bed and banks terrains of Goharrood and Siahrood were simulated using HEC-GeoRAS extension and digital map (scale: 1000). Pick discharges with different return periods were estimated using stochastic analysis. HEC-RAS software and geographical information system were applied for simulating the hydraulic behavior of the rivers and providing flood zoning map. The GIS was an efficient tool for data-processing and mapping stages. Finally, the flood zones associated with 2, 10, 25, 50, 100 and 200 years return periods were mapped and necessary analysis were conducted during the present research. The results showed that some parts of Rasht City (river bank terrains) are endangered flood hazard.

برای دانلود باید عضویت طلایی داشته باشید

برای دسترسی به متن کامل این مقاله و 10 میلیون مقاله دیگر ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

ثبت نام

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید

منابع مشابه

flood hazard zoning using geographic information system (gis) and hec-ras model (case study: rasht city)

rivers are important water resources for human life, but sometimes cause irreparable damages. the flood plains are fertile terrains which are endangered by flood. flood hazard mapping is one of the basic methods in flood fighting. in order to decline flood damages, the simulation of the hydraulic behavior of the rivers during flood occurrence is very important. in this study, areas that are flo...

متن کامل

Flood zoning estimation and river management by using HEC-RAS and GIS model

Reliable estimates of river stream fl ow and fl ood zoning maps are needed for water resourcesmanagement such as fl ood mitigation, water supply, dam construction and irrigation. Flood zoning needsaccurate data and is one of the non-structural fl ood management methods. This paper describes theapplication of HEC-RAS and GIS model to determine fl oodplains maps for the part of Sardabrud Rivertha...

متن کامل

Deep Excavation Hazard Assessment Zoning in District 1 in Shiraz Municipality Using Geographic Information System (GIS)

This research presents the geotechnical zoning map of district 1 in Shiraz municipality with focus on municipal deep excavation hazard assessment on data from 160 boreholes. For this purpose, the mechanical properties are determined according to the results of direct shear, uniaxial, and SPT tests and then excavation hazard assessment with depths of 3, 6 and 9 m, in situations where the excavat...

متن کامل

flood zoning estimation and river management by using hec-ras and gis model

reliable estimates of river stream fl ow and fl ood zoning maps are needed for water resourcesmanagement such as fl ood mitigation, water supply, dam construction and irrigation. flood zoning needsaccurate data and is one of the non-structural fl ood management methods. this paper describes theapplication of hec-ras and gis model to determine fl oodplains maps for the part of sardabrud rivertha...

متن کامل

The Zoning of Groundwater Quality for Drinking Purpose Using Scholler Model and Geographic Information System (GIS)

Abstract Introduction: Determining the quality of water is particularly important in water resources management, and monitoring and zoning it are considered as a significant principle to be taken into account in planning. Schuller method is the commonest way to determine the quality of water. The present study was conducted in order to determine the quality of drinking water using Schuller mod...

متن کامل

Flood hazard zoning using HEC-RAS in GIS environment and impact of manning roughness coefficient changes on flood zones in Semi-arid climate

Development of rural areas in rivers margins and flood plains, without understanding and attention to the dynamical and hydrological conditions and upstream areas of the rivers will cause to increase flood risk and loss of life and financial. Flood zoning has many applications, in floodplain management. For management of the three major branches of the Halilrood River, Rabor, Roodar and Javaran...

متن کامل

ذخیره در منابع من

ذخیره در منابع من ذخیره شده در منابع من

{@ msg_add @}

  با ذخیره ی این منبع در منابع من، دسترسی به آن را برای استفاده های بعدی راحت تر خواهید کرد

دانلود متن کامل

برای دسترسی به متن کامل این مقاله و 10 میلیون مقاله دیگر ابتدا ثبت نام کنید

ثبت نام

اگر عضو سایت هستید لطفا وارد حساب کاربری خود شوید


عنوان ژورنال:

دوره 14  شماره 3

صفحات  263- 272

تاریخ انتشار 2016-09-01

با دنبال کردن یک ژورنال هنگامی که شماره جدید این ژورنال منتشر می شود به شما از طریق ایمیل اطلاع داده می شود.

کلمات کلیدی

copyright © 2015-2021