The Effect of Celecoxib, a Cyclooxygenase-2 Inhibitor on Noise- Induced Hearing Loss
Objective(s): Noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is the major cause of acquired hearing loss. Celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitor, is a non- steroidal anti- inflammatory drug (NSAID) with known antioxidant and antineoplastic activity. Therefore, we monitored the extent of temporary noise- induced threshold shifts (TTS) and cochlear damage caused by high level 4- kHz noise exposure to verify the differences with those pretreated with celecoxib. Materials and Methods: Ten male albino guinea pigs (300-350 g in weight) were randomly allocated into two groups: the primal group was exposed to 4- kHz octave band noise at 102 dB SPL for 3 hrs (group 1, n=5); the latter pretreated with 50 mg/ kg celecoxib for 3 days, then exposed to noise (group 2, n=5). Before exposure and one hr after noise exposure, threshold shifts were evaluated with auditory brainstem responses (ABR) and finally the animals were euthanized for histological evaluation. Results: Comparing the threshold shifts before/after noise exposure with those pretreated, we found out that TTS caused by noise exposure did not show significant mitigation by celecoxib. By observing the organ of Corti at lower middle turn of cochlea in celecoxib pretreated group, considerable hair cell loss was discovered. Conclusion:The current study clearly confirmed that celecoxib had no attenuation against temporary noise-induced hearing loss.
objective(s): noise-induced hearing loss (nihl) is the major cause of acquired hearing loss. celecoxib, a cyclooxygenase-2 (cox-2) inhibitor, is a non- steroidal anti- inflammatory drug (nsaid) with known antioxidant and antineoplastic activity. therefore, we monitored the extent of temporary noise- induced threshold shifts (tts) and cochlear damage caused by high level 4- khz noise exposure t...متن کامل
This paper presents noise problems associated with the use of air-turbine drills in dental practice. Two hundred and fifty dentists (male and female) were randomly selected from the faculty of dentistry as well as the dentists who worked private in Tehran. The results indicated that the mean value of sound pressure level produced by the high-speed drills was 69.1 db. Most of the energy from...متن کامل
Introduction: Exposure to hazardous noise induces one of the forms of acquired and preventable hearing loss that is noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL). Considering oxidative stress as the main mechanism of NIHL, it is possible that myricetin can protect NIHL by its antioxidant effect. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the preventive effect of myricetin on NIHL. <br /...متن کامل
this paper presents noise problems associated with the use of air-turbine drills in dental practice. two hundred and fifty dentists (male and female) were randomly selected from the faculty of dentistry as well as the dentists who worked private in tehran. the results indicated that the mean value of sound pressure level produced by the high-speed drills was 69.1 db. most of the energy from the...متن کامل
Introduction: After presbycusis, noise-induced hearing loss is the second most common cause of acquired hearing loss. Numerous studies have shown that high-intensity noise exposure increases free radical species; therefore, use of antioxidants to detoxify the free radicals can prevent cellular damage in the cochlea. We studied the potential hearing protective effect of different doses of ascorb...متن کامل
دوره 16 شماره 5
صفحات 726- 730
تاریخ انتشار 2013-05-01
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