Transplant Research Center, Nemazee Hospital, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz,
Background: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are considered as effective therapeutic
cells in transplantation due to their immunomodulatory activities. However, precise
mechanism of MSCs immunomodulatory activity is not completely understood.
Objectives: To study the role of Immunoglobulin-like transcripts-3 (ILT3)
immunomodulatory receptor in immune tolerance induced by MSCs in skin
Background: It was proposed that probiotics may influence immune system through direct or indirect exposure. Direct exposure is mostly mediated by surface receptors. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are conserved molecular sensors which could be triggered via some pathogen associated structures, hence, modulate the immune responses. This study was conducted to elucidate the impact of lactobacillus ac...