Sajjad Pouromid

M.A., TEFL University of Mazandaran

[ 1 ] - First Language Use in English Language Institutes: Are Teachers Free to Alternate between L1 and L2 as Means of Instruction?

Once severely rejected, first language (L1) use is no more considered to be inherently detrimental in foreign language pedagogy. Recent research within sociocultural framework has come up with numerous facilitative roles for L1 use (Anton and DiCamilla, 1999; Swain and Lapkin, 2000; Storch and Wigglesworth, 2003). Also, studies from humanistic perspectives that deal with the teachers’ and learn...

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